Author Archives: Jerry Genesio

Announcement: CDC and MARYLAND DOH offer RABIES PEP course online ~ RABIES reports from OHIO, & WEST VIRGINIA ~ MOUNTAIN LION reports from CALIFORNIA (2) ~ CDC Reports: ZOONOTIC DISEASE summary for week ending November 5, 2011.


Rabies Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) Online Course

Rabies Postexposure Prophylaxis (PEP) Basics: Case Illustrations of the 2010 Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Guidelines is a free online course developed by the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DHMH) in collaboration with CDC. It is designed to educate health-care and public health professionals about rabies, the approach used in assessing rabies virus exposure, and administration of rabies PEP based on ACIP recommendations. Continuing Education credits are available to any physician, nurse, pharmacist, or veterinarian who takes the training. The course can be accessed at the Maryland DHMH website at

Ohio 11/18/11 Mentor, Lake County: In the past month, three skunks found in Mentor have tested positive for rabies bringing the total found in  Lake County this year to eight. See

West Virginia 11/18/11 Fort Gay, Wayne County: A gray fox found between Fort Gay and Crum this week has tested positive for rabies. See–Fox-Rabies/

California 11/18/11 Glendale, Los Angeles County: A mountain lion scaled a backyard fence and made off with a small dog on Nov 14. See

California 11/17/11 San Marcos, San Diego County: Cal State students alerted to a   confirmed mountain lion sighting in a campus parking lot on Nov 16. See

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending November 5, 2011:

Published November 11, 2011 / 60(44); 1532-1545

Anaplasmosis . . . 15 . . . New York (15),

Babesiosis . . . 9 . . . Maryland, New York (8),

Ehrlichiosis . . . 1 . . . North Carolina,

Giardiasis . . . 195 . . . Alabama (2), Arkansas (5), California (26), Colorado (9), Connecticut, Delaware, Florida (29), Georgia (5), Idaho (5), Iowa, Maine (2), Maryland (4), Massachusetts (3), Michigan (6), Missouri (12), Montana (3), Nebraska,  Nevada (2), New York (38), Ohio (14), Oregon (2), Pennsylvania (10), Vermont, Virginia (3), Washington (10),

Hansen Disease (Leprosy) . . . 1 . . . California, 

HME/HGE Undetermined . . . 1 . . . Virginia,  

Lyme Disease . . .  315 . . . Florida (2), Georgia, Maryland (7), Massachusetts, New Jersey (69), New York (95), North Carolina (12), Pennsylvania (105), Rhode Island (6), Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia (14), West Virginia,

Novel influenza A virus (H3N2) . . . 1 . . . Maine,

Q Fever (Acute) . . . 2 . . . Michigan, Texas,

Rabies (Animal) . . . 41 . . . Alabama, California (2), New York (7), Ohio (2), Puerto Rico (2), Rhode Island (6), Vermont, Virginia (19), West Virginia,

Spotted Fever (Confirmed) . . . 3 . . . Georgia, North Carolina (2),

Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 59 . . . Alabama (3), Maryland, North Carolina (47), Ohio, Tennessee, Virginia (6),

Tularemia . . . 2 . . . Colorado, Virginia.

FLORIDA resident photographs RED WOLF in her backyard . . . or is it a COYOTE? ~ KANSAS wildlife officials confirm MOUNTAIN LION sighting in Atchinson County ~ RABIES reports from FLORIDA (2), KANSAS, NEW JERSEY, NORTH CAROLINA, TEXAS, & Follow-Up Report: WISCONSIN unidentified DOG bite incident.

Photo courtesy of Diane Pulliam.

Florida 11/15/11 by Lisa Bolivar – When Diane Pulliam saw the German shepherd-size animal hunting in her backyard, she grabbed her camera and photographed it before posting it to her Facebook page. What followed has sparked conjecture on whether the sleek-coated animal is the almost extinct eastern red wolf, or a supercharged coyote. “I thought it was a wild dog, and I had a camera so I went ahead and took the picture, but as soon as it saw me it took off,” said Pulliam, 62. Pulliam lives just west of Fort Pierce in the Ten Mile Creek area and took the photos on Nov. 5. People on her Facebook page told her the animal was a wolf, but two experts disagree on whether it is a coyote or wolf. “The photo doesn’t highlight the features that make them distinguishable between coyotes and wolves,” said David Rabon, coordinator for the Red Wolf Recovery Program with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Manteo, N.C. — the only red wolf breeding program in the country.

David Rabon

Red wolves used to populate most of the Eastern United States and into Texas, but have disappeared in the wild, Rabon said. Therefore, Rabon said it is highly unlikely that the animal in the photograph is a wolf, and that red wolves became extinct in the wild in the 1980s. He said there are fewer than 300 red wolves in existence, and those are in North Carolina — and that includes 170 animals in the program’s captive breeding population. Rabon said red wolves are the most endangered mammal on earth.

Bruce Dangerfield

“Extinct? Not at all,” said Bruce Dangerfield, animal control officer with the Vero Beach Police Department, who was on the cover of the September-October issue of Animal Sheltering magazine, produced six times a year by the Humane Society of the United States. He is confident that the animal is a wolf, not a coyote. “It doesn’t have any body features of a coyote, its head and jaws are wider,” said Dangerfield, who was named the state’s top animal control officer in 2008. “A coyote has longer legs and a much lighter body.” “Who is to say someone didn’t trap one and brought it down here?” he said, adding that he has not actually seen any wolves in the wild.

A coyote could carry red wolf genes or characteristics, Rabon said. “(Coyotes) have a mix of wolf and dog and other stuff in them here in the east,” Rabon said. “They are a mixture of all these other animals, so sometimes they get bigger and take on wolf-like characteristics.” Coyotes have expanded their range and are common, said Trish Adams of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Vero Beach. “I have had them run across (County Road) 510 on my way to work this spring,” she said. “They’ve gotten a really strong foothold, and, in fact, they’ve gotten a strong foothold in South Florida.” Adams and her co-worker Marilyn Knight, who used to work with the North Carolina Red Wolf program, said coyotes pose no threat to people, but should not be fed or approached. “They are here and they are here to stay,” Adams said, adding that the animal’s favorite foods include rabbits, mice, rats and even birds — and pet food if the food is left outside. Coyotes also have been known to kill small farm animals such as goats. Pulliam said it makes sense that the dog-like creature is a coyote. “My husband and I have noticed that we have fewer rabbits around,” she said.

Kansas 11/16/11 The Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism said Wednesday that a mountain lion was spotted on a trail in Atchison County. A deer hunter checked his trail camera and found what he believed to be a slightly blurry image of a mountain lion. After searching the area and finding large tracks, he contacted the local Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism (KDWPT) natural resource officer (NRO). On Thursday, Nov. 10, the NRO and a biologist investigated the site and found additional tracks, confirming the presence of a mountain lion. By measuring vegetation at the scene, they were able to estimate the size of the animal at 25 inches tall and 4.5 feet long. This is the sixth mountain lion verified in Kansas by KDWPT since 2007, and the third photographed by a deer hunter’s trail camera. The hunter did not wish to have the specific location disclosed but did notify neighboring residents of the mountain lion’s presence. KDWPT staff believe this animal probably dispersed from a western state and is not likely to stay in one area for more than a few days.

According to ongoing research by the Colorado Division of Wildlife, dispersing mountain lions, which are primarily young males, mostly feed on medium-sized animals such as raccoons, raptors, coyotes, and turkeys. They feed on deer less frequently, which take days to consume and likely hinder their movement across the landscape in search of the opposite sex and an area in which to establish a permanent home range. It is believed these dispersing mountain lions continue to travel until they are killed or they find a mate. In June, DNA tests indicated that a young male mountain lion killed in Connecticut originated in the Black Hills of South Dakota, more than 1,800 straight-line miles away.

Florida 11/17/11 Santa Rosa County: A raccoon that bit a dog has tested positive for rabies. The dog must be euthanized or remain under quarantine at a local vet’s facility for six months at the owner’s expense because it had not been vaccinated. See

Florida 11/16/11 St. Petersburg, Pinellas County: Health officials say several children are receiving rabies treatments after handling a live bat they found at the Meadows Apartment complex, but the bat cannot be found. Parents who believe their children may have had contact with the bat are urged to call the health department at 727-824-6932 immediately. See

Kansas 11/17/11 El Dorado, Butler County: A skunk submitted for testing by a local animal clinic has been found positive for rabies. See

New Jersey 11/16/11 Lawrence, Mercer County: A sick raccoon curled up in a driveway on Review Avenue last week has tested positive for rabies. See

North Carolina 11/16/11 Halifax County: Local health officials have issued a health alert after a cat tested positive for rabies. See

Texas 11/16/11 Plainview, Hale County: A sick skunk picked up Oct 27 has tested positive for rabies. See

Follow-Up Reports:

(See November 17, 2011: RABIES reports from WISCONSIN.)

Wisconsin 11/17/11 Manitowoc, Manitowock County: Police have located the owner of a dog that bit a woman with special needs and learned the dog is current with its rabies vaccination shots. See

IDAHO Fish & Game kills BIGHORN RAM for being too close to DOMESTIC SHEEP ~ CALIFORNIA authorities report PACK OF PIT BULLS killed 42 GOATS ~ OREGON court extends stay on killing of two WOLVES that attacked LIVESTOCK ~ CALIFORNIANs in Woodside report MOUNTAIN LION sighting ~ NEVADAN in Carson City chased by MOUNTAIN LION while jogging ~ NEW YORK’s Rockland County collects MOSQUITOES carrying WEST NILE VIRUS ~ and RABIES reports from FLORIDA, GEORGIA, PENNSYLVANIA, VIRGINIA, & WISCONSIN ~ CANADA: BC officials quarantine CATS at animal shelter to stop spread of VS-FCV, a deadly FELINE VIRUS.

Bighorn Ram. Courtesy of U.S. Geological Survey.

Idaho 11/14/11 News Release – Idaho Department of Fish and Game biologists Wednesday, November 9, killed a 4 1/2 year old bighorn ram that had wandered too close to domestic sheep on private property. Healthy domestic sheep can carry bacteria that cause pneumonia and death in bighorn sheep. The ram was first reported west of Castleford on November 8. When it was reported again on November 9, the ram was mingling with cattle in the pens of a dairy located within a few miles of several domestic sheep bands. The ram’s proximity to domestic sheep made contact highly likely, particularly during the fall breeding season. At this time of year, bighorn rams may travel to find ewes and later return to the main population. To protect the population, Idaho Fish and Game policy is to remove bighorn sheep that have or are likely to contact domestic sheep. Samples were taken immediately after the sheep was killed, and the samples and carcass have been transported to the Idaho Fish and Game Wildlife Health Lab in Caldwell for analysis. For more information, please contact the Idaho Fish and Game’s Magic Valley Region at 208-324-4359.

California 11/15/11 Three of four pit bulls that killed 42 goats have been captured, and the fourth dog remained at large today, authorities said. The attack occurred in a corral near 164th Street and Avenue Q, in the 16300 block of Chuka Avenue near Lake Los Angeles occurred about 8 p.m. Monday, Danny Ubario of the Lancaster Animal Care Center said. About 50 goats were in the pen at the time, and the dogs were running free. “This is a tragic incident and completely avoidable,” said Marcia Mayeda, director of the County of Los Angeles Department of Animal Care and Control. “When dogs run at large, particularly in packs, they tend to act up, feeding into each other’s mischievous behavior,” Mayeda said. “Sometimes that mentality results in tragedy, such as what happened in this case.” The owners of the dogs are being sought, according to Ubario, who said the dogs had no identifying microchips or tags. “We have little information on the owner,” he said. Three of dogs were still in the pen when an animal control officer arrived. The owner of the goats brought the carcasses to the Lancaster animal shelter to dispose of them. Ubario described the attack as a “tragic deed.” The owner of the dogs could be criminally charged, “that is not to mention civil suit,” he said. The pit bulls that were caught were unlicensed, he said. “We don’t know if they have rabies vaccinations,” Ubario said.

Oregon 11/16/11 The Oregon Court of Appeals on Tuesday extended a stay on the state’s planned killing of two wolves in Eastern Oregon.  The stay will last until the court determines whether the killing of wolves in response to their attacks on livestock is warranted under the state Endangered Species Act, according to the Oregon Court of Appeals.  The court issued a temporary ban Oct. 5, about two weeks after state wildlife managers announced they planned to kill two wolves from the Imnaha pack, including the lead male. Three conservation groups — Cascadia Wildlands, the Center for Biological Diversity and Oregon Wild — appealed the state’s plan, triggering the stay and subsequent extension. Josh Laughlin, wolf campaign coordinator for Cascadia Wildlands in Eugene, said the court may issue a ruling in the next couple of months.

California 11/15/11 Woodside, San Mateo County: A mountain lion was sighted near Tripp Road and Tripp Court on Nov 15. See

Nevada 11/16/11 Carson City: Officials warn residents on city’s west side to keep pets and children inside after a mountain lion chased a jogger Nov 15 along King Street near Ormsby Boulevard. See

New York 11/16/11 Rockland County: The first mosquito samples in the county to test positive for West Nile Virus this year were collected in Ramapo, Haverstraw, and Clarkstown. See

Florida 11/14/11 Middleburg, Clay County: Health officials issue a rabies alert after identifying three people exposed to a family dog that tested positive for the virus. See

Georgia 11/15/11 Floyd County: A dog that recently tested positive for rabies raised the total number of animal rabies cases in the county to 14 so far this year. See–animal-cases-now-total-14-for-the-year?instance=home_news

Pennsylvania 11/15/11 East Marlborough, Chester County: A fox that attacked a dog in its owner’s yard and was shot by police has tested positive for rabies. Chester County has reported 27 rabies cases so far this year. See

Virginia 11/15/11 Henrico County: The remains of a skunk likely killed by a dog and found in its pen has tested positive for rabies. See

Wisconsin 11/15/11 Manitowoc, Manitowoc County: Local police are looking for the owner of three dogs, one of which bit a 30-year-old woman with special needs today while she was riding her bicycle on Hamilton Street. If the owner is not located, the woman will have to receive rabies shots. See


British Columbia 11/16/11 Queensborough, New Westminster: Cats at the New Westminster Animal Shelter are under quarantine due to an outbreak of calicivirus. The feline disease is highly infectious. Six cats have been euthanized so far because of the virus. All but two or three of the cats at the shelter have VS-FCV a particularly virulent strain of the virus that has a mortality rate of about 70 %. See

Author’s Note: From Winn Feline Foundation – Feline calicivirus is a highly contagious pathogen responsible for about 45% of upper respiratory tract disease in cats. However, there are strains of calicivirus that appear to produce widely varying clinical signs, including arthritis, gingivitis, skin disease and lower urinary tract disease. In recent years, sporadic outbreaks of hypervirulent strains of feline calicivirus in the United States and the UK have caused alarm and triggered a new wave of research into this old feline infectious disease. This new disease has caused high mortality in the affected animals and has been termed virulent systemic feline calicivirus (VS-FCV) disease. Results of research have confirmed that each virulent calicivirus outbreak has been caused by a new strain that has arisen independently. See

NEBRASKA teen shoots MOUNTAIN LION in SELF-DEFENSE ~ CALIFORNIA county sheriff notified of MOUNTAIN LION near elementary SCHOOL ~ OREGON’s Payette PD urges caution after MOUNTAIN LION seen in the city ~ Follow-Up Report: NEW HAMPSHIRE Fish & Game finds MOUNTAIN LION photos taken in October a HOAX ~ WISCONSIN’s Mount Pleasant PD warns pet-owners of DOG killed by COYOTE ~ Follow-Up Report: OREGON’s OR-7 lone WOLF crosses into Jackson County.

Mountain Lion. Courtesy National Park Service.

Nebraska 11/14/11 A 15-year-old deer hunter from Wayne killed a mountain lion near Creighton in northeast Nebraska on Saturday, according to the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission. The boy spotted the mountain lion 10 feet away before shooting and killing it in a Knox County shelter belt, the commission said in a news release. The mountain lion was a young male, typical of those found in Nebraska outside of the Panhandle. The carcass was turned over to the commission, as required by law. It was the 52nd confirmed mountain lion sighting in Nebraska outside of the Pine Ridge since 1991. Mountain lions are protected year-round in Nebraska but may be killed if threatening people or attacking livestock. No charges will be filed, as evidence indicated self-defense, the commission said.

California 11/14/11 Today, at approximately 12:20 p.m., the Mendocino County Sheriff’s Office along with California Fish and Game were notified of a Mountain Lion sighting in the 2000 Block of South Dora, adjacent the Grace Hudson School. Sheriff’s Deputies and Animal Control Officers along with California Fish and Game Officers proceeded directly to the area and contacted school officials along with area residents and notified them of the sighting. Officers then canvassed the western hills above the school in an attempt to locate the mountain lion without success. Residents in the area are encouraged to use due caution and to contact law enforcement (463-4086) if they observe the mountain lion.

Oregon 11/15/11 Payette, Malheur County: Local police are urging caution after a mountain lion sighting within city limits. See

Follow-Up Reports:

(See October 29, 2011: New Hampshire officials report unconfirmed MOUNTAIN LION sightings.)

New Hampshire 11/15/11 Dublin, Cheshire County: Fish & Game officials have determined that the photo of a mountain lion taken by a trail camera located in Dublin is a hoax. The same image was found on the Field & Stream website. It is believed that someone other than the person submitting the photo perpetrated the hoax. See

Wisconsin 11/14/11 Mount Pleasant, Green County: Local police alert village residents to incident on Nov 5 when the owner of a Maltese dog saw her pet killed by a coyote. See

Follow-Up Reports:

(See November 3, 2011: Lone GRAY WOLF in Oregon travels 300 miles crossing Cascades looking for mate and new territory, and November 12, 2011: Oregon Wild launches CONTEST for youngsters to come up with new name for a lone GRAY WOLF known only as OR-7.)

Map courtesy Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife.

Oregon 11/15/11 by Mark Freeman – The first wolf confirmed in southwest Oregon in 65 years has at least temporarily visited Jackson County. Satellite tracking systems pinpointed the 2-year-old male wolf known as OR-7 in northeastern Jackson County on Sunday, the last contact with the animal. The wolf slipped just across the Klamath County line north of Mount McLoughlin, says spokeswoman Michelle Dennehy of the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. The agency does not release specific locations of the wolf’s electronic transmitting collar readings because the animal is protected as endangered under state and federal laws. But a view of the ODFW’s map of the wolf’s more than 300-mile journey from the Imnaha Mountains near Enterprise to Jackson County puts it somewhere east of Butte Falls. Biologists have said they have no way to predict when and where the wolf will settle in after its travels away from its original pack in a wolf version of leaving the nest. Since that journey began Sept. 10, the meandering wolf has entered 10 different counties, traveling in a southwesterly direction across the Oregon high desert and into the southern Cascades.- For complete article go to

Two MONTANA ELK HUNTERS attacked by GRIZZLY ~ WYOMING officials euthanize old and underweight GRIZZLY that bit a DEER HUNTER ~ ALASKA considers plan to shoot WOLVES on Kenai Peninsula from aircraft ~ CALIFORNIA’s King City scene of HORSE injured and COLT killed by MOUNTAIN LION ~ CALIFORNIA’s Del Rey Oaks PD receives spate of MOUNTAIN LION sightings ~ WEST NILE VIRUS report from Missouri.

Grizzly. Courtesy National Park Service.

Montana 11/14/11 the republic: A bear attacked and injured two men Saturday while they were elk hunting in the Lee Metcalf Wilderness in Madison County, but the bruin will face no repercussions from wildlife biologists. Three men surprised a sow with a cub Saturday afternoon southeast of Ennis, said Undersheriff Roger Thompson. The sow charged a 60-year-old Helmville man and bit him on the thigh, then turned on a 41-year-old man from Manhattan and bit his shoulder. The hunters believed the bear was a grizzly. “It was very quick,” Thompson told The Montana Standard. “The one gentleman was ready to shoot the bear, but the bear had his friend and he didn’t want to shoot him.” The bear ran off. The uninjured man called for help at 2:30 p.m. Responders reached the injured hunters at about 9:30 p.m. They were taken to the hospital in Ennis and then to Bozeman for further treatment. State biologists are not planning any action against the bear, said Fish, Wildlife and Parks spokeswoman Andrea Jones. “It was a surprise encounter,” she said. “The bear was doing what a bear does in defending its cub.”

Wyoming 11/14/11 by Martin Kidston – An old and underweight grizzly bear was euthanized over the weekend after biting a deer hunter on the leg along the South Fork of the Shoshone River. Wyoming Game and Fish spokesman Dennie Hammer said the grizzly bit the man on the thigh. The hunter, who surprised the bear, received four puncture wounds from the bite but wasn’t seriously hurt, Hammer said. “He was hunting with a friend in a dense willow patch,” Hammer said. “He walked in on a bear that was lying there, and the bear bit him on the left thigh.” Hammer said the attack occurred late last week during a full moon at around 7:30 a.m. Biologists searched for the bear over the weekend and found the animal underweight and in poor shape. “That bear was in fairly poor body condition,” Hammer said. “It was an older bear. It had broken teeth. Its body fat was around 15 percent. The average for this time of year should be 31 percent.” Hammer said that while the bear was acting normally, biologists opted to capture the animal and euthanize it because of its condition, age and proximity to populated areas. The bear’s exact age was not yet known. “We just didn’t feel we should move it anywhere because he was old and in poor condition,” Hammer said. “The investigation into the incident showed that the bear was acting defensively — not predaciously. There was no reason to conduct a necropsy.” Hammer said the encounter occurred in an area of dense willows near the confluence of the South Fork of the Shoshone River with Buffalo Bill Reservoir. The area has become an unauthorized dumping ground for carcasses. “One of the problems was, people are dumping deer carcasses in that general area,” Hammer said. “He was grabbing those carcasses and dragging them into the willows. People need to take their carcasses into the local landfill. It’s better than dumping them on the roadside.”

Wolf Pack on Moose

Alaska 11/14/11 by Yereth Rosen – Alaska state officials on Friday were considering a controversial plan to shoot wolves in an effort to boost moose populations in one of the state’s top tourist and recreation areas. An estimated 90 to 135 wolves range across the Kenai Peninsula south of Anchorage, where under the proposal hunters would shoot the animals from aircraft. Officials have not settled on the number of wolves they might kill under the plan, which was on the agenda for discussion at a meeting on Friday of the Alaska Board of Game. By decreasing attacks on moose from a major predator, the proposal would allow for a rebound in the moose population, which now stands at about 5,000 and is well below targets, according to the Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Ted Spraker, an Alaska Board of Game member from the region, said on a statewide public radio program recently that the public is “disgusted” with the low number of moose. “They want the board to start doing something,” he added. But the practice of killing wolves to boost moose populations, especially through aerial shooting, has long been hotly debated in Alaska. Supporters say it is necessary to give hunters opportunities to get moose meat; detractors say it is an inhumane and biologically unsound practice. Any state-authorized aerial wolf kills will have to exclude the peninsula’s federal lands. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, which manages the Kenai National Wildlife Refuge, has not given permission for wolf control on its property, which covers much of the peninsula. The Alaska Board of Game is expected to make a decision on whether to pursue a moose hunt by Monday, when its meeting lasting several days will end.

California 11/14/11 A female horse and colt were attacked by a mountain lion in King City, killing one and badly injuring the other. King City resident Robert McCoy noticed one of his horses, named Nitro, was limping with a deep gash in its hip. It looked like Nitro was injured from fighting off a mountain lion, McCoy said. Alarmed, he went to look for his other pet horse, a small colt named Peaches, to make sure it was OK. But Peaches was not as lucky as Nitro. Peaches was found in a dried-out riverbed with cougar paw prints dotting the mud near where it lay dead. McCoy said he is now worried about the safety of his grandchildren because the horses were attacked close to his home and his grandchildren and other kids usually play in the riverbed. McCoy’s neighbors said they also spotted the mountain lion strolling around their neighborhood in the recent days. Since July, there have been eight confirmed mountain lion sightings and incidents on the Central Coast. – For complete article including dates and locations of other sightings and incidents go to

California 11/14/11 There have two separate reports of mountain lion sightings in Del Rey Oaks near the Monterey Peninsula Regional Park District “Frog Pond,” police said today. The sightings have been during daylight hours. The area is used by park visitors for nature and dog walks. Police said any sightings should be reported immediately to the police department. These are the latest in a spate of mountain lion sightings in the area. On Oct. 24, one of the big cats was spotted on Mar Vista Drive in Monterey. On Sept. 19, a mountain lion was seen near the Marina Municipal Airport. There were several sightings during August in Marina, too.

Missouri 11/14/11 Poplar Bluff, Butler County: Health officials say mosquitoes in the Poplar Bluff area have tested positive for the West Nile virus. See

Canada: WOLF HUNT to stay open in BC’s Chilcotin region where Chief of Tsilhqot’in calls for BOUNTY ~ Texas city will remove FERAL CAT population from two urban areas citing concern about RABIES and other HEALTH HAZARDS ~ Connecticut resident bitten by FERAL CAT with RABIES ~ Montana woman bitten by unidentified DOG ~ Michigan confirms KOI HERPES VIRUS responsible for CARP die-off ~ Arizona rancher believes MOUNTAIN LIONS killed EMUS ~ Montana COLT attacked by MOUNTAIN LION is euthanized ~ Follow-Up Reports: No sign of VIRUS found in BC SALMON.


British Columbia 11/13/11 by Dene Moore – The chief of the Tsilhqot’in Nation says he is concerned about the toll the region’s abundant wolf population could have on wild horses and endangered caribou this winter. The B.C. government made a controversial decision earlier this year to lift hunting restrictions and keep the wolf hunt open in the Chilcotin region because of concerns about the number of cattle and wildlife falling prey. Critics say the open hunt is a reckless decision not based on science, but Tsilhqot’in Chief Joe Alphonse said even the hunt is not enough and the government should go further. He’d like to see the province contract trappers and put a bounty on wolves on the plateau west of the Fraser River in central B.C. “As First Nations people we have great respect for wolves but you have to keep things in balance,” Alphonse said in a recent interview. “Eventually things will balance out,” but in the meantime caribou, cattle and wild horses will pay the price, he said. This summer, the Ministry of Forests and Lands eliminated any bag limit and ordered the wolf hunt season to stay open indefinitely in the area – an approach already in place in several other areas of the province. Provincial officials are adamant it is not a cull and say the wolf population is at a historic high, and both ranchers and area First Nations support the open hunt. Alphonse said low prices for wolf pelts means an open hunt won’t be enough to entice hunters and trappers to reduce the numbers of the pack.- For complete article go to

Texas 11/12/11 Cleburne, Johnson County: Police Chief Terry Powell said last week the feral cat population at Hulen Park and Splash Station poses a risk of rabies and other health hazards to more than 120,000 people who visit the two locations annually. On Thursday, city officials began a program to remove an estimated 50 to 75 cats. “The cats will be humanely removed via live traps and transported to the animal shelter where they will be housed,” Powell said. “They will be treated as any other cat taken to the facility where they will be housed for a minimum of 72 hours. See

Connecticut 11/11/11 East Windsor, Hartford County: A feral cat that bit a Warehouse Point resident on Nov 8 has tested positive for rabies. The cat was described as a light grey tiger. See

Montana 11/12/11 Billings, Yellowstone County: Woman seeks help in locating the owner of a dog that bit her on Oct 27 to verify rabies vaccination record. See


Michigan 11/13/11 by Victor Skinner – State fisheries officials are tracking a new fish virus found in Michigan waters this year that has resulted in two carp die-offs. Officials recently confirmed a Koi herpes virus is responsible for the die-off of an estimated 2,000-4,000 adult common carp in Oceana County’s Silver Lake in August. The die-off is the second this year after a June outbreak in Kent Lake in Oakland and Washtenaw counties that killed several hundred carp. “It is not likely it has been here very long,” said Gary Whelan, fish production manager for the state Department of Natural Resources. “We don’t know how widespread it is across the state. Our best guess is it probably came from someone releasing ornamental fish into our waters.” Officials said the Koi herpes virus, also known as KHV, was first detected in Michigan in a private Koi pond near Grand Rapids in 2003, and officials removed those fish. In 2007 and 2008, the virus was responsible for large scale common carp die-offs in Ontario, Canada, Whelan said.

Japanese brocaded carp

“We know it has been showing up in the Great Lakes region recently,” he said. KHV is thought to only affect common carp, goldfish and Koi (specifically Nishikigoi,which is Japanese meaning “brocaded carp”, an ornamental variety of carp), and there are no known human health effects. Outbreaks of the virus have been found around the world, Whelan said. It is an internationally reportable disease and is causing concerns among large scale production facilities in Japan and Germany that sell the fish for food or the aquarium trade, he said. Michigan reported the recent outbreaks to the World Animal Health Organization. DNR fisheries biologist Richard O’Neal said officials “didn’t see any significant die-off of any other species in (Silver Lake)” in August when thousands of carp began to wash ashore. – For complete article go to

Arizona 11/12/11 Casa Grande, Pinal County: Rancher believes a mountain lion killed three of his emus on Nov 4, and a fourth emu is missing. Two sets of tracks that were found likely were those of a mother and cub. See

Montana 11/11/11 Libby, Lincoln County: A mountain lion attacked and severely injured a colt that had to be euthanized. The attack occurred on Nov 8 but the lion has not been found. See

Follow-Up Reports:

(See November 7, 2011: Canada: Open-water SALMON farms may be source of VIRUS thought to be reducing WILD SALMON numbers by millions.)


British Columbia 11/13/11 by Phuong Le – Canadian government officials said last week they have found no signs of a potentially deadly, infectious salmon virus in British Columbia. Researchers with Simon Fraser University in British Columbia announced last month they had detected infectious salmon anemia, or ISA, in two wild juvenile Pacific salmon collected from the province’s central coast, prompting fears the influenza-like virus could wreck the salmon fishing industry in the Pacific Northwest. “There’s no evidence that (the virus) occurs in fish off the waters of British Columbia,” Dr. Cornelius Kiley, a veterinarian with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency said, announcing results from the government investigation.

Government tests of the original 48 samples collected from B.C. researchers at a national laboratory have turned up negative for the virus, Canadian officials said. Additional tests performed on other samples have also turned up negative because the quality of some of those samples was too degraded to be conclusive. The results are consistent with independent testing conducted by a lab in Norway, officials said. While that lab found one weak positive reading among multiple tests, it also noted the sample was poor and results could not be reproduced, said Peter Wright, national manager for the Research and Diagnostic Laboratory System with Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Officials are continuing to test samples for the salmon virus, which has affected Atlantic salmon fish farms in Chile, Maine, New Brunswick and other areas. It does not affect humans. Rick Routledge, a researcher with Simon Fraser University who announced the detection of the salmon virus in October, said one positive reading by an independent laboratory in Norway shouldn’t be dismissed entirely. “Given that he did get a positive reading once, from a degraded sample, I don’t feel comfortable with the notion that you could dismiss that out of hand,” he said. “I hope that further sampling and testing would continue.” – For complete article go to

Oregon Wild launches CONTEST for youngsters to come up with new name for a lone GRAY WOLF known only as OR-7 ~ Idaho will allow trapping of GRAY WOLF beginning next week ~ California confirms WEST NILE VIRUS in Inglewood ~ Oklahomans say MOUNTAIN LION killed on US 81 likely from South Dakota ~ Texans warn HIKERS of MOUNTAIN LION near Hondo.

Gray Wolf. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Follow-Up Reports:

(See November 3, 2011: Lone GRAY WOLF in Oregon travels 300 miles crossing Cascades looking for mate and new territory.)

Oregon 11/11/11 by Mark Freeman – The first wolf confirmed in southwest Oregon in 65 years continues to move south and is still skirting Jackson County while some wolf supporters are trying to find it a better name. Already dubbed OR-7 by state and federal biologists keeping tabs on it via an electronic transmission collar, the wolf on Thursday remained in western Klamath County south of Crater Lake, says spokeswoman Michelle Dennehy of the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. After spending much of the past week toggling between Klamath and Douglas counties while crisscrossing the Cascade crest, the wolf has headed south and west while remaining recently east of Jackson County, Dennehy said. Dennehy said the agency will not divulge exact Global-Positioning System readings because it is a species protected as endangered by state and federal law. Lands south of Crater Lake include national park land as well as pieces of the Sky Lakes Wilderness Area of the Fremont-Winema National Forest.

The Portland-based group Oregon Wild on Thursday launched a two-part contest for kids and teenagers to suggest names for OR-7 and an art contest for kids to draw, paint or color pictures of the wolf and its journey. Though he was fitted with a collar last winter, no public photos exist of OR-7. The contests are available through the Oregon Wolves page on Facebook and through Oregon Wild’s website, where the group will collect possible names through Dec. 16 before asking the public to vote on people’s favorite name. “It’s our hope that by getting more people informed and engaged in wolf recovery, OR-7 will be safer from those folks who might be tempted to kill an unknown and anonymous wolf,” said Rob Klavins, Oregon Wild’s wildlife advocate.

The Medford-based Oregon Hunters Association, which has opposed Oregon’s wolf-management approach in part because of their predation on deer and elk herds, called the contest an attempt to glorify and romanticize wolves’ return to Oregon. “The wildlife enthusiasts who have documented these imported predators’ decimation of native deer and elk populations in the Rockies and the residents in northeast Oregon who have witnessed their domestic animals being ravaged by wolves can paint you a very different picture,” OHA spokesman Duane Dungannon said. “I think the 4-H kids in Wallowa County who have had their animals torn apart by wolves should be invited to enter the contests,” he said.

Born in Oregon in 2009 and collared last February, OR-7 was part of the Imnaha pack in Wallowa County and split from that pack Sept. 10 in what biologists called dispersing, the wolf’s version of leaving the nest. So far, it has traveled more than 300 miles on its journey and there was no way to guess when or where the trip will end, biologists say. It is one of 23 known wolves in Oregon since they wandered into northeast Oregon from Idaho in the late 1990s. The last confirmed wolf in western Oregon was shot and killed for a bounty in 1946 in Douglas County. Most dispersing wolves travel alone and there was no indication whether he was joined by any other animals, but biologists have said there was a “high likelihood” other noncollared wolves have reached the Cascades.

Idaho 11/10/11 by Jeff Humphrey – Next week the State of Idaho is launching a new offensive in its battle against a growing gray wolf population. On November 15, Idaho will begin allowing the public to trap wolves, which were once on the brink of extinction, in an effort to bring their numbers under control. Legalized trapping is as deadly as it is controversial as hunters will now be allowed to use snares or leg hold in the hopes of catching hundreds of wolves around the clock. There’s tremendous potential for suffering and other animals inadvertently getting caught but Idaho Fish and Game officials insist trapping is necessary. Shane Richards lost some of his hunting dogs to a wolf attack. “The first dog I found was Ruby,” hunter Shane Richards said. “They didn’t try to kill her by getting her by the throat like they say predators do. No they just went in and started tearing her guts out, eating her alive.” Hunter Rene Anderson also found herself in a position of having to defend herself against a charging wolf. “It was coming down pretty fast towards me. It was kind of nerve racking. I laid my bow on the ground and I thought this thing seriously wants to eat me,” Anderson said. “So it popped up over there, like ten feet from where I was and I shot it and I hit it in the head.” The wolf Anderson shot is one of more than approximately 1,000 wolves roaming rural Idaho. Once hunted to near extinction, wolves have enjoyed years of federal protection as an endangered species and are making a strong comeback. – For complete article go to

California 11/10/11 Inglewood, Los Angeles County: Two sentinel chickens in the 90301 ZIP code area have tested positive for West Nile Virus. See

Oklahoma 11/08/11 Minco, Grady County: State wildlife officials are testing the DNA of a mountain lion killed by a vehicle on U.S. 81 late last month. Only two or three have been found or captured in the last ten years. It is believed that this mountain lion is probably from South Dakota. See

Texas 11/10/11 Hondo, Medina County: Animal control officials warn hikers of a mountain lion sighted on several occasions near Hondo’s nature trail park. See—133664488.html

Pennsylvania WOMAN attacked by BEAR in her backyard ~ RABIES reports from Massachusetts (2), Virginia, & Wisconsin ~ Canada: DEER TICKS carrying LYME DISEASE now endemic on Grand Manan Island.

Pennsylvania 11/10/11 A woman was attacked by a bear outside her Jackson Township home on Thursday evening. The attack happened on Livingston Street at about 9:30 p.m. Shortly after the woman had let her German shepherd out of the house and into the backyard, she heard it yelping. She went outside to see what was going on, and that’s when she saw the dog tangled up with two bears, one big and one small. The woman tried to free the dog from the bears when the larger one attacked her, scratching her on the head and neck. She started screaming to scare the bears away, which prompted her husband, who was inside, to come to her aid. The bears then ran away. The woman was taken to Pocono Medical Center, and her injuries did not appear to be life-threatening, according to officials on scene. There was no word on the dog’s condition. State game commission officers remained on scene late Thursday night, searching the area for the bears.

Massachusetts 11/10/11 Belchertown, Hampshire County: Disabled woman appealing to owners of a Rottweiler that bit her service dog to come forward so authorities can release it from a 45-day quarantine, which is required in possible rabies cases . See

Massachusetts 11/10/11 Medway, Norfolk County: Local animal control officer cautions resident pet-owners that a raccoon found on Lovering Street has tested positive for rabies. See

Virginia 11/10/11 Norfolk: A fox that bit four dogs in three neighborhoods on Nov 8 has tested positive for rabies. See

Wisconsin 11/09/11 The Marathon County health department is looking for a cat that bit a child on Sunday in Wausau. The cat is orange with white spots. The bite happened in the 2700 block of East Wausau Avenue. Authorities need to find the cat’s owner to see if the animal is up-to-date on its vaccination. If not, the victim may have to get some rabies shots. Anyone with information should call the health department at 715-261-1908.


New Brunswick 11/10/11 Ticks carrying the bacteria that causes Lyme disease are now breeding on Grand Manan, according to public health officials. The island’s North Head area has been classified as endemic, which means infected blacklegged ticks, also known as deer ticks, are living there year-round, said Dr. Eilish Cleary, the province’s chief medical officer of health. It is the second confirmed endemic area of the province. The only other one is Millidgeville, in Saint John. But cases of infected ticks are not isolated to those two locations, said Cleary. Migrating birds can carry ticks and spread the disease to other areas. “Just as we know that mosquitoes are found in all parts of the province, we know ticks can be found in all parts of the province,” she said. “We cannot look under every bush in New Brunswick and so the fact that we found it there doesn’t mean it’s not elsewhere so that’s why we are giving the message that Lyme disease can be contracted throughout the province.” People living in other areas should still be cautious when out in the woods or in tall grass and try to avoid being exposed, said Cleary. – For complete article including precautions see

North Carolina ALERTING DEER HUNTERS that HEMORRHAGIC DISEASE should not be confused with CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE ~ California MOUNTAIN LION visits Burbank neighborhood ~ and RABIES reports from Georgia, Nebraska, and North Carolina.

Whitetailed Deer. Courtesy U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

North Carolina 11/07/11 News Release – The N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission is alerting hunters that they may encounter sick or diseased deer afflicted with hemorrhagic disease. Two closely related viruses — epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) virus and bluetongue virus — cause hemorrhagic disease and both are spread by biting flies, called midges. The Commission is asking hunters to report any sightings of the disease, which has no human health implications but is one of the most significant infectious diseases of white-tailed deer in North Carolina.

Hemorrhagic disease should not be confused with Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD), which is a distinctly different disease that occurs in members of the deer family. Extensive monitoring since 1999 has yielded no evidence of CWD in North Carolina and strict regulations are in place to prevent the introduction of this disease.

Symptoms of hemorrhagic disease in deer vary widely. Some diseased animals will exhibit no symptoms. Some may appear bloated, very thin and weak, while others suffering from the disease for longer duration may drastically lose weight. They also may have foot, mouth and internal lesions. High fever associated with the disease can make deer thirsty, so dead and dying deer are often found near water. Hunters may observe cracked or sloughing hooves on harvested deer, which is another classic symptom of the disease.

Outbreaks of this deer disease are seen almost every year somewhere within the state and across the Southeast. The last major outbreak in North Carolina was in 2007, and other notable outbreaks occurred in 1939, 1955, 1961, 1971, 1976, 1988, 1994, 1999, 2000 and 2002. In years with severe hemorrhagic disease outbreaks, deer mortality in some localized areas can be as high as 30 percent. However, in most instances mortality is much lower. This year, extremely dry conditions during the summer followed by heavy rainfall from Hurricane Irene created ideal conditions for the proliferation of midges, possibly causing the spread of the disease.

Blue swollen tongue.

To report sightings of symptomatic deer, or dead and dying deer, contact the Division of Wildlife Management at (919) 707-0050 or When people report sightings, it allows Commission biologists to determine what areas of the state are experiencing outbreaks and the extent of those outbreaks. It also gives biologists opportunities to obtain tissue and blood samples for virus isolation by veterinarians at the Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study (SCWDS) in Athens, Ga. Reported occurrences are summarized annually and sent to SCWDS where the occurrence and outbreak extent is monitored collectively for all states.

Midge fly. EHD carrier.

Commission biologists have observed outbreaks of the disease this year in deer across North Carolina — the most prevalent in the northeastern part of the state in and around Halifax, Edgecombe, Northampton, Bertie and Gates counties. Evidence of the disease also was documented in the western part of the state in Cherokee and Yancey counties. Because the disease cannot spread to humans, hunters should not worry about dressing deer or eating venison. Deer that recover from an episode of hemorrhagic disease develop immunity to future outbreaks.

California 11/09/11 Burbank, Los Angeles County: A mountain lion visited the 1200 block of Verdugo Spring Lane on Tuesday before running off into the foothills. Local police confirmed the incident using a resident’s photos. See,0,5823867.story

Georgia 11/08/11 Union Church Road, Hall County: Officials confirm two rabies cases. The first was a rabid skunk that was in contact with two dogs on October 31st, and the second a rabid raccoon in the same vicinity that was in contact with a young man. The two cases bring the total number of rabies cases in the county this year to 12. See

Nebraska 11/08/11 Chadron, Dawes County: A skunk that tested positive for rabies last week is the area’s first confirmed case of the virus in about 25 years. See

North Carolina 11/09/11 Beaver Dam, Cumberland County: A raccoon picked up just off N.C. 210 last week tested positive for rabies. It’s the 16th case of rabies in the county this year. See

Iowa’s Bittendorf PD says BOBCAT sighting first ever reported in the city ~ Indiana MOUNTAIN LION sighting first ever confirmed in the state ~ Maine HUNTERS helping to track spread of EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS (EEE) in the state ~ North Carolina reports EEE found in SENTINEL CHICKENS ~ New York hospital isolates two VISITORS from New Mexico who might be infected with BUBONIC PLAGUE ~ South Dakota confirms eight CHILDREN infected with TULAREMIA so far this year ~ and RABIES reports from Missouri, and North Carolina (2).

Bobcat. Courtesy National Park Service.

Iowa 11/05/11 Bettendorf, Scott County: Bobcat attacks small pet dog in owner’s backyard. Local police say this is the first bobcat sighting ever reported in the city. See

Indiana 11/07/11 Green County: Mountain lion sighting confirmed by Indiana DNR with motion activated camera. Of 233 claimed sightings in the state since April 2010, this is the first to be confirmed. See

Maine 11/07/11 by Keith Edwards – State epidemiologists and other volunteers are out for blood at deer-tagging stations across the state, as part of efforts to track the spread of a primarily mosquito-borne disease deadly to people and horses. State Epidemiologist Dr. Stephen Sears said so far their findings indicate the disease, Eastern equine encephalitis, or EEE, is more widespread than previously thought. “We’re finding the virus is far more dispersed in the state than we had any information about,” Sears said Sunday. “We’re concerned it is spreading in the state. We’re working with the federal Centers for Disease Control and partners in the state to find ways to see where it is spreading.” One of those ways is testing the blood of deer shot by hunters. Sears said deer do not seem to become ill from being bitten by a mosquito carrying EEE, but they do produce an antibody to fight it off. So researchers track the prevalence of that antibody in deceased deer to help track the spread of EEE. Which makes hunters partners in the effort, though, for most, they’re unknowing partners until they’re approached by a worker or volunteer at a tagging station and asked to allow a sample of the animal’s blood to be collected. “It’s entirely voluntary, but we’ve been doing this three years, and nobody has ever said they won’t give us blood,” Sears said. “Hunters have been very supportive. And they’ve been curious about what we’re doing.” One of the things hunters are most curious about: If their deer is found to have been bitten by an EEE-carrying mosquito, is the venison safe to eat? Sears explains the virus is not actually in the deer — it’s the antibody deer put out when they are bitten that is still present. “You can’t get it from a deer,” Sears said of EEE. “It’s absolutely safe to eat.” – For complete article go to

North Carolina 11/08/11 New Hanover County: Officials have confirmed a case of Eastern Equine Encephalitis in a local sentinel chicken flock. According to the New Hanover County Health Director, human incidence of EEE is rare, but is a dangerous disease. There is no cure or vaccine available so people need to protect themselves by preventing mosquito bites. See

New York 11/07/11 Two people visiting New York from New Mexico were being treated in isolated hospital rooms today with symptoms of bubonic plague, the first likely cases of the deadly bacterial disease in the city in more than 100 years, officials said. Health officials announced Wednesday night that a 53-year-old man had tested “presumptively positive” for bubonic plague and his 47-year-old wife had similar symptoms, but test results were not yet known. “The man is in critical condition and the woman is in stable condition,” Mike Quane, spokesman for the Beth Israel Medical Center in Manhattan where the unidentified couple are being treated, said today. The city health department said bubonic plague, which has largely been eradicated but does occur in the rural southwest of the country in states such as New Mexico, is not spread from person to person and there is no risk to New York’s population of 8 million, the largest city in the United States. Bubonic plague is a bacterial disease of rodents transmitted to humans through the bites of infected fleas. Pneumonic plague, a more serious form of the disease, occurs when plague bacteria are inhaled after direct contact with infected animals including rodents, wildlife and pets, health officials said. – For complete article go to

American Dog Tick

South Dakota 11/08/ The SD Department of Health confirms eight cases of tularemia in the state so far this year, all in children ranging from 4 to 12 years of age. According to State Epidemiologist Dr. Lon Kightlinger, 6 of the cases had known tick attachment, and only 1 had known contact with rabbits. 7 were West River residents, and 1 was from East River. Historically SD reported 11 tularemia cases in 2010, 5 in 2009, 10 in 2008, 7 in 2007 and 4 in 2006.

Missouri 11/06/11 West Plains, Howell County: Six area residents are receiving rabies shots and seven pets were euthanized after being exposed to a skunk that tested positive for the virus. See

North Carolina 11/07/11 Stokesdale, Guilford County: A skunk that was in contact with two dogs has tested positive for rabies; the county’s 17th case this year. See

North Carolina 11/07/11 Davidson County: A fox that was in contact with a human and a dog has tested positive for rabies; the county’s 17th case this year. See