Author Archives: Jerry Genesio

CALIFORNIA scientists now know L.A.’S Griffith Park has a resident MOUNTAIN LION ~ CALIFORNIA’s Long Beach residents warned of increase in FLEA-borne TYPHUS cases ~ MAINE issues health advisory due to increase in TICK-borne ANAPLASMOSIS ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS and/or WEST NILE VIRUS reports from FL, ID, IL, MA, NJ, NY, NC, OK, PA, RI, & SD ~ RABIES reports from CT, MD, NE, NJ, & NC.

Mountain lion. Courtesy U.S. Army.

California 08/14/12 For the first time, scientists have evidence of a mountain lion inhabiting Griffith Park. His name is P-22. That’s P, as in puma. “We never had any definitive proof of a mountain lion living in Griffith Park,” said Jeff Sikich, a National Park Service biologist. “We believe this is pretty significant, that it’s surrounded by such intense urbanization.” . . . Sometime after P-22 entered the park, he triggered a remote camera set up for a general wildlife survey. Photo in hand, Sikich set out to catch him. He installed three humane traps in the area. He also set up a camera at each trap, rigged to send any images to his cellphone if triggered. Nine days later, at 2 a.m., his cellphone rang. He and other scientists raced to the site, a Department of Water and Power property just west of the park. Sikich used a blowpipe to administer a sedative. The team spent about an hour gathering samples and taking measurements. Most important, they attached a collar with both GPS and very high frequency radio signal technology so they could track where and when the lion made his kills. They woke the animal and released him. The GPS function went dead, however, leaving the researchers with only radio telemetry to generally track the feline’s peregrinations. In recent weeks, Sikich has used radio frequencies to attempt to zero in on the lion’s whereabouts so he can recapture him and apply a new collar. So far, the beast has eluded him by ranging throughout the park’s wild lands and over the ridge toward Forest Lawn Memorial-Park. – For complete article see

Norway rat. Courtesy of CDC.

California 08/13/12 The number of flea-borne typhus cases are up over last year, and local health officials are warning residents to take precautions. So far this year, 11 cases of the illness have been reported to the Long Beach Health Department, compared to nine for all of last year. The flea-borne typhus – known as murine typhus – is a disease spread by fleas living on rats and mice, opossums, cats and raccoons, health officials explained. People get the disease through the bites of infected fleas, adding that it isn’t spread from person to person. – See

Deer tick. Courtesy CDC.

Maine 08/09/12 Maine CDC: Health Advisory – Anaplasmosis is a bacterial infection that is carried by Ixodes scapularis (the deer tick), which is the same tick that also carries Lyme disease.  Anaplasmosis is an emerging infection in Maine, and as of August 8, 2012, 38 cases have been reported to Maine CDC from 8 counties (Androscoggin, Cumberland, Hancock, Kennebec, Knox, Lincoln, Somerset and York).  During 2011, a total of 26 cases were reported. – For more information go to

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Florida 08/14/12 Walton County: Sentinel chickens have tested positive for EEE and WNV.  The risk of transmission to humans has increased. – See

Idaho 08/14/12 Owyhee County: Health officials say mosquitoes collected in the Bruneau area have tested positive for WNV. – See

Illinois 08/13/12 Winnebago County: Mosquitoes test positive for WNV at two Rockford area parks.  One pool of mosquitoes was at Alpine Park on Rockford’s southeast side, the other is at Legends in Roscoe. – See

Massachusetts 08/13/12 Peabody, Essex County: Mosquitoes collected last week have tested positive for WNV. Plans for pesticide spraying are being posted on the city’s website. – See

New Jersey 08/14/12 Salem County: An 11-year-old quarter horse mare has tested positive for WNV, the first case in the state this year. The animal began showing signs of illness on Aug. 4 and was subsequently euthanized. – See

New York 08/14/12 Brooklyn, Kings County: Health officials have confirmed that WNV was found on Aug. 3 in Windsor Terrace, as well as Dyker Heights, Greenwood Heights and Starrett City. – See

North Carolina 08/14/12 Wayne County: Health officials say a resident has become the state’s first WNV-related death so far this year. – See

Oklahoma 08/14/12 Oklahoma County: Health officials have reported the first WNV-related death in the state since 2009 and issued a public health warning, saying they are concerned the potentially deadly disease will reach record numbers. The victim is described only as an adult over the age of 75, according to Dr. Kristy Bradley, state epidemiologist at the Oklahoma State Department of Health. There are 55 confirmed WNV human cases in Oklahoma so far in 2012. – See

Pennsylvania 08/13/12 Delaware County: The Department of Environmental Protection confirmed human cases of WNV in two men on Monday. This comes only five days after the Department of Health reported WNV human cases in Lancaster and Franklin counties. Doctors and officials say there is an unprecedented level of mosquitoes carrying the virus this year. – See–166058186.html

Rhode Island 08/14/12 Tiverton, Newport County: A mosquito trapped in the central part of the city has tested positive for EEE. It is the first positive EEE mosquito sample found in the state this year. – See

South Dakota 08/14/12 Update – Since last Friday 10 human cases have been added to the WNV report, bringing the season total to 41 WNV cases. In addition 15 viremic blood donors, 3 WNV horse cases, 1 bird and 56 positive mosquitoes have also been reported. WNV has been detected in 25 of South Dakota’s 66 counties. – See


Connecticut 08/14/12 Groton, New London County: A raccoon from the area of Noank Ledyard Road has tested positive for rabies, the Ledge Light Health District said in a public health alert today. – See

Maryland 08/13/12 California, St. Mary’s County: A feral kitten picked up from Bayside Way has tested positive for rabies. Officials say four other kittens and a mother cat related to the rabid kitten are considered to be potentially rabid. They have not been found yet. – See

Nebraska 08/14/12 Chadron, Dawes County: A cat submitted by an animal care clinic, and a skunk found east of the city, have both tested positive for rabies. – See

New Jersey 08/14/12 Piscataway, Middlesex County:  A bat that was captured after it flew into a home near Pleasant Avenue and West 4th Street has tested positive for rabies. It is the fifth such inflected animal found in the county this year. – See

North Carolina 08/14/12 Fayetteville, Cumberland County: A dead bat found in the 300 block of Palomar Street has tested positive for rabies. – See

HEMORRHAGIC DISEASE killing DEER in central MICHIGAN ~ MOUNTAIN LION sighting in CALIFORNIA ~ LOUISIANA reports four more WEST NILE VIRUS fatalities ~ RABIES reports from NJ, NCx2, PA, & VA ~ CDC REPORTS: ZOONOTIC DISEASE summary for week ending August 4, 2012.

Whitetailed deer. Photo by Department of Natural Resources. State of Indiana.

Michigan 08/11/12 by Paul A. Smith – Officials in Michigan confirmed in early August that Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease, or EHD, killed deer in two counties in the south central part of the state. Deer deaths have also been reported in 11 counties in Indiana; officials there suspect the cause is EHD but are awaiting confirmation from laboratory tests. EHD is a viral disease transmitted by a midge, or biting fly. Found in wild ruminants such as deer and elk, the disease causes extensive internal bleeding. Infected deer are attracted to water to combat the fever and dehydration due to the hemorrhaging. The disease is characterized by sudden onset, according to wildlife health sources. Deer lose their appetite and fear of humans, grow progressively weaker, salivate excessively and finally become unconscious. Infected deer often are found sick or dead along or in bodies of water. There is no evidence that humans can contract the EHD virus.

Photo by Mwanner. Wikimedia Commons.

Michigan has observed EHD outbreaks each year since 2006. Before 2006, EHD was seen in Michigan in 1955 and ’74. The estimated mortality has varied from 50 to 1,000 deer per year in the affected areas, according to Michigan officials. “Due to the prolonged, dry, hot weather this year, we are not surprised to see EHD emerge again,” said Tom Cooley, DNR wildlife biologist and pathologist. “Mortality numbers will depend on how widespread the disease is. Die-offs usually occur within one watershed area. If multiple watersheds are involved, the total mortality is higher.” There is no known effective treatment for, or control of, EHD. – For complete article see

Mountain Lion Sighting:

California 08/11/12 San Mateo, San Mateo County: A mountain lion was seen Friday morning near the 1700 block of Lexington Avenue walking through San Francisco Watershed property. – See

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Louisiana 08/10/12 State officials confirmed Friday four more WNV deaths, bringing the state total to six. DHH officials said 68 (human) cases — 15 of them new — have been detected so far this year. More than half — 37 — are of neuro-invasive disease, the more serious form of the virus that infects the brain and spinal cord and can cause brain damage or death. DHH said that’s the highest total of neuro-invasive infections in the state since 2006. The new infections include eight cases of neuro-invasive disease reported in Bossier, Caddo, Concordia, Jefferson, Tangipahoa, Union, Washington and Webster parishes and five cases of the milder West Nile fever reported in Livingston, Orleans, Ouachita and St. Tammany parishes. Two new asymptomatic cases, where people had no symptoms and only discovered the infection when they had blood work done for an unrelated reason such as blood donation, were reported from East Baton Rouge and Rapides parishes. – For complete article see


New Jersey 08/12/12 Middletown, Monmouth County: A bat that was in contact with a vaccinated dog near Bryna Drive in the Lincroft section has tested positive for rabies. – See

North Carolina 08/12/12 Crumpler, Ashe County:  A stray, Shepherd-mix dog that, on July 27,  bit an elderly man who had been feeding him has tested positive for rabies. – See

North Carolina 08/11/12 Wilmington, New Hanover County: According to the county sheriff’s office, a raccoon that fought with a vaccinated dog along Barnett Avenue on Thursday has tested positive for rabies. The dog was handled by its owner afterward, resulting in potential exposure to both. – See

Pennsylvania 08/11/12 Hempfield, Lancaster County: by Richard Gazarik – Two Hempfield children and an animal-control officer have undergone a series of rabies shots after a rabid cat bit a child and exposed two others to the disease, township supervisors said. About 100 residents of Woodhaven Drive received notices on Friday that a feral cat tested positive for rabies, and authorities are searching for two kittens that also may be rabid, said township Supervisor Doug Weimer. The attack occurred on July 30, and the township was notified of the test results on Wednesday, Weimer said, prompting supervisors to issue a public notice through letters, the township website and cable television. He said the cat was caught after the attack, euthanized and tested. In addition to a child, another child and the animal-control officer were administered a series of four rabies shots, he said. Weimer said residents should be wary of two orange-and-white tabby kittens that have not been found. – For complete article see

Virginia 08/11/12 Bealeton, Fauquier County: An adult cat, who was a frequent visitor to the area of Marsh Road and Balls Mills Road in Bealeton, Fauquier County, has been confirmed to be rabid, according to a release from the Virginia Department of Health. The cat — described as an orange tabby, young adult, 12-to-14-weeks-old and weighing five pounds — bit at least six people within the last three weeks. Lab results received today confirmed the presence of rabies. The six people who were bitten are starting post-exposure treatment. Fauquier County Environmental Health asks anyone who knows of any suspected contact between this cat and any person or domestic animal within the last three weeks, to contact them immediately. Call Fauquier County Environmental Health at 540-347-6363, and press 0 when prompted. – For complete article see

CDC Reports:

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending August 4, 2012:

Published August 10, 2012/ 61(31); ND-424-ND-437

Anaplasmosis . . . 18 . . . Maine (4), Nebraska, New York (11), North Carolina, Virginia,

Babesiosis . . . 6 . . . New York (6),

Ehrlichiosis . . . 16 . . . Arkansas, Maryland (2), Missouri (6), New York (2), North Carolina (2), Tennessee, Virginia (2),

Giardiasis . . . 147 . . . Alabama (3), Arkansas (4), California (13), Florida (15), Idaho (2), Iowa (4), Louisiana, Maine (4), Maryland (6), Michigan (3), Missouri (7), Montana, Nebraska (8), Nevada (3), New York (30), Ohio (12), Oregon (7), Pennsylvania (3), Rhode Island, South Carolina (4), Vermont, Virginia (2), Washington (13),

Hansen Disease (Leprosy) . . . 1 . . . Florida, 

HME/HGE Undetermined . . . 2 . . . Indiana, Ohio,

Lyme Disease . . .  249. . .  California, Delaware (6), Florida (2), Maine (2), Maryland (14), Michigan (2), Nebraska, New York (90), North Carolina (6), Ohio (3), Pennsylvania (96), Vermont (6), Virginia (16), West Virginia (4),

Q Fever (Chronic) . . . 1 . . . Nebraska, 

Rabies (Animal) . . . 38. . . Connecticut (3), Illinois (2), Kentucky, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York (17), Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas (7), Vermont (2), West Virginia,

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Confirmed) . . . 2. . . Alabama, Kentucky,   

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 30 . . . Alabama (2), Arkansas (2), Indiana, Kentucky (2), Missouri (6), Nebraska, North Carolina (5), Tennessee, Virginia (10).

MEXICAN GRAY WOLF killing LIVESTOCK in NEW MEXICO will be shot ~ Lone WOLF known as OR-7 prompts CALIFORNIA wildlife officials to consider protection ~ CDC confirms 145 new cases of SWINE FLU in July & August 2012 ~ Second RABBIT with TULAREMIA found in COLORADO ~ MOUNTAIN LION sighting reported in ILLINOIS ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS reports from MAx2 ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from IN, MD, NE, SD, & TXx3 ~ RABIES reports from CA, CO, GA, MAx2, NH, NY, NC, & OH.

Mexican gray wold. Photo by C. Morrison. Wikimedia Commons.

New Mexico 08/10/12 by Susan Montoya Bryan – The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service signed an order Thursday calling for the shooting of a female Mexican gray wolf that was accused of killing too many cows in southwestern New Mexico. This marks the first time since 2007 that the agency was taking the step to kill an endangered wolf due to livestock problems. The order calls for shooting the Fox Mountain Pack’s alpha female. Wolf Recovery Coordinator Sherry Barrett said it was a difficult decision given that the population of endangered wolves in New Mexico and Arizona has been struggling since reintroduction began 14 years ago. “Our goal is to recover the population and to grow this particular population, but we also recognize the need to address these depredations so that we have a successful reintroduction program,” she said. The rancher who lost cattle to the Fox Mountain Pack was compensated for his losses, but Barrett did not know how much he was paid through the government’s reimbursement program. Barrett also declined to release the name of the rancher. . . .

. . . . .. .A subspecies of the gray wolf, the Mexican wolf once roamed parts of New Mexico, Arizona, Texas and Mexico. Hunting and government-sponsored extermination campaigns all but wiped out the predator. It was added to the federal endangered species list in 1976, and a captive-breeding program was started. The first batch of wolves was released in May 1998, and at least 58 wolves remain in the wild along the New Mexico-Arizona border. Biologists estimate there are 14 packs among the two states. – For complete article see

California 08/09/12 State scientists say the lone wolf roaming far Northern California should be considered a candidate for listing under the state endangered species act. A report from the Department of Fish and Game called the presence of the gray wolf that crossed the border from Oregon last December an “historic and a scientific certainty.” The report says that other wolves could migrate to form breeding populations.  “Whether one is for or against listing wolves as threatened or endangered … one must acknowledge the fact that the arrival of wolf OR7 in our state was an historic event,” said Jordan Traverso, deputy director of communications for the department. The report was presented Wednesday to members of the California Fish and Game Commission, which will decide in October whether to accept the recommendation. – For complete article see

National 08/09/12 CDC Health Advisory – (Excerpt) “(T)here are 145 confirmed cases of influenza infection with H3N2v virus, since the current outbreaks began in July of this year.  This includes one case in Hawaii, one case in Illinois, 113 cases being reported from Indiana, and 30 cases being reported from Ohio.  This is clearly a significant increase since last week’s total, so we thought it would be good to try to put this into context.  Like we reported last week, confirmed cases have had exposure to swine, and most of these infections have occurred in people exhibiting swine, family members of exhibitors, people visiting swine barns at fairs, or people attending fairs where swine are present.  The severity of human illness associated with this virus continues to resemble that of seasonal flu.  Most cases are mild and self-limited and resolve on their own.  Most cases have occurred in children.  CDC has not received any report of deaths associated with H3N2v infection, and there have been two confirmed hospitalizations with H3N2v infection so far.  Both patients have recovered and have been discharged.” Joseph Bresee, M.D., Influenza Division, CDC – For complete transcript see

Colorado 08/09/12 Public health officials in Pueblo say a second rabbit tested positive for tularemia in Pueblo West. The rabbit was collected from Pueblo West, north of Highway 50 West, on the 400 Block of East Chadwick Drive. – For complete article and symptoms see

Mountain Lion Sightings:

Illinois 08/10/12 by Chuck Sudo – Police in Glencoe have asked residents to be on alert for a cougar or cougars in the North Shore suburb after a July 26 sighting. It was the latest in a series of reported mountain lion sightings in the north suburbs in recent months. Although there hasn’t been any photographic evidence of the felines, Glencoe Public Safety Director Michael Volling is taking a “where there’s smoke, there’s fire” approach. The latest sighting occurred July 26 near the intersection of Dell Place and Lakeside Terrace. – See

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

Massachusetts 08/08/12 Middlesex County: Public health officials have confirmed that a man in his 60s from the Metrowest region has been diagnosed with EEE. He became ill after returning from a trip to the Mid-Atlantic region. – See

Massachusetts 08/10/12 Reading, Middlesex County: Human-biting mosquitoes infected with EEE have been detected in Reading — the first time this season that EEE-carrying insects that can spread the often-fatal disease to people have been found outside of Cape Cod and Southeastern Massachusetts, which is traditionally a hotbed for the virus. – See

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Indiana 08/10/12 Health officials say four human cases of WNV have now been confirmed in Hamilton, Marion, and Jackson counties. – See

Maryland 08/10/12 News Release – Public health officials today announced that an adult in Central Maryland is the state’s first confirmed human case of symptomatic WNV infection in 2012. WNV was also detected in a pool of mosquitoes collected in Montgomery County by the U.S. Department of Defense. – See

Nebraska 08/08/12 Health Alert – There are six (6) lab-confirmed human cases of WNV, one each in Boone, Butler, Hamilton and Madison counties and 2 in Scottsbluff County. Multiple counties show positive mosquito pools or infected birds (see maps, –

See complete Health Alert at

South Dakota 08/10/12 Update – WNV has been detected in 24 counties.  31 human cases of the disease reported. 16 WNV viremic blood donors. 2 WNV positive horses. – See

Texas 08/09/12 Dallas County: Public health officials have declared a public health emergency, saying the spread of the WNV has become epidemic . . . county health officials have reported 162 WNV human cases including nine deaths so far this year. – See

Texas 08/09/12 Andrews, Andrews County: Health officials have confirmed the first human case of WNV in the Permian Basin. – See

Texas 08/10/12 Denton, Denton County: Public health officials have confirmed that a 90-year-old resident with underlying health conditions is the county’s first death associated with WNV this year. There have been 66 total human cases of the virus, and 65 positive mosquito pools, in the county so far this year. – See


California 08/10/12 Acton, Los Angeles County: Public health officials have confirmed that a bat that fell from a tree and bit a local resident on the shoulder a week ago has tested positive for rabies. Two other bats found last weekend between Stevenson Ranch and Acton also tested positive for the virus. Nine rabid bats have been found in the Santa Clarita Valley so far this year. – See

Colorado 08/09/12 El Paso County: A dead bat found near the entrance of the Starsmore Discovery Center at 2120 S. Cheyenne Cañon Road has tested positive for rabies. Anyone who might have had contact with the bat should seek immediate medical advice. – See

Georgia 08/09/12 Bryan County: A raccoon that came in contact with a local family dog has tested positive for rabies. The dog was not up-to-date on vaccinations and had to be euthanized. This is the third rabid raccoon found in the county this year. – See

Massachusetts 08/09/12 Dartmouth, Bristol County: A woodchuck (aka groundhog) that came in contact with a vaccinated dog and was later found on Hancock Street, west of Cross Road and south of Route 6, has tested positive for rabies. – See

Massachusetts 08/10/12 Bolton, Worcester County: A bat captured by an animal control officer inside a local home has tested positive for rabies. – See

New Hampshire 08/10/12 Freedom, Carroll County: Local police shot and killed a fox that attacked people walking their dog and then attacked the police. Officials are waiting for results of a rabies test, but less than two weeks ago another fox tested positive for the virus in the nearby town of Bartlett. – See

New York 08/10/12 Middletown, Orange County: A rabies alert has been issued after a bat that was in contact with a vaccinated dog in the Lincroft section tested positive for the virus. This is the fifth case of rabies in the town this year. – See

North Carolina 08/09/12 Cary, Wake & Chatham counties: A dead bat found inside a home in the 300 block of Tweed Circle on Tuesday has tested positive for rabies. The homeowner was potentially exposed to the virus. – See

Ohio 08/09/12 Danville, Knox County: A bat that came in contact with an unvaccinated dog has tested positive for rabies. The dog will be euthanized. – See

WASHINGTON wildlife officers kill one WOLF and target another to protect LIVESTOCK ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: 9 more Waldorf, MARYLAND residents exposed to possibly RABID BATS ~ NEW YORK TV station proposes simple method to catch a BAT ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CA, ILx2, IA, NE, NH, & TN ~ RABIES reports from NJ, OR, PA, TX. & WI.

Gray wolf. Courtesy National Park Service.

Washington 08/07/12 by Lynda V. Mapes – Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife agents killed one wolf and are preparing to kill another to protect a rancher’s livestock in northeastern Washington. The wolves are in the population protected by state, but not federal laws. Only wolves in the western two-thirds of the state are protected under the federal Endangered Species Act. The wolf killed Tuesday morning was part of a pack in the so called “Wedge,” a remote area of northeastern Washington home to wolverines, grizzly bears — and The Diamond M Ranch, where complaints by a rancher of one calf killed and others injured generated the department’s decision to kill the wolf and prepare to kill another by Wednesday afternoon.

Gray wolf. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

The targeted animals are two of last year’s pups from a pack in the Wedge, not the alpha male and female of the pack. “We don’t want to break up the pack, and this year’s pups are not [predatory],” said Dave Ware, manager of the game division for the department. . . Washington was home to two known packs of wolves in 2010, and five packs last December, and now has eight confirmed packs — and maybe more, based on public reports and observed tracks. The rebound is typical of the pattern, Ware said, in which recovery begins slowly, then picks up speed. – For complete article see

Follow-Up Report:

(See Rabies: Maryland 08/01/12 “Two people are being treated for potential exposure to rabies” posted 08/03/12)

Maryland 08/08/12 Waldorf, Charles County: Eleven Huntington Apartments residents are being treated for potential exposure to rabies after contact with bats. Officials have evaluated 22 people from 12 units and those who have had direct contact with a bat or slept in a room where a bat was found have been referred for preventative treatment. – See

National 08/08/12 How to Catch a Bat: The best way to catch a bat is to close all the windows and doors in your home and turn off all the lights, except for one. The bat will be attracted to that light. When the bat lands, approach it slowly while wearing heavy work gloves and then place a can or a box over the bat and slide a piece of cardboard or plastic over the top. Keep the container in a cool location and contact your local health department so the bat can be tested for rabies. – Method proposed by WSYR-TV Syracuse. – For complete article and video see

Author’s Note: After you catch the bat, if you don’t know how it got in, call a local pest and wildlife control professional to find and seal points of entry.

West Nile Virus (WNV):

California 08/08/12 Sacramento & Yolo counties: Mosquito & Vector Control District WNV activity update: Sacramento – Level 3: 458 dead birds, 13 sentinel chickens, and 321 mosquito samples have tested positive for WNV to date. Yolo – Level 3: 39 dead birds, 2 sentinel chickens, and 48 mosquito samples have tested positive for WNV to date. – See

Illinois 08/06/12 Cook County: Four more human cases of WNV have been reported, including a 57-year-old Evanston resident, two in Chicago, and one in a suburban area. – See,0,5705380.story

Illinois 08/08/12 DuPage County: The Health Department reports 89 mosquito pools have tested positive for WNV so far this season, compared to only one positive test during the same period last year. – See

Iowa 08/07/12 Johnson County: Two cases of WNV have been confirmed in two area horses on two separate farms in the county. Both horses had to be euthanized. . . Since these two cases of WNV were confirmed, two cases have been reported in northwest Iowa and one case in north central Iowa, according to Dustin Vandehoef of the Iowa Dept. of Agriculture. There has also been one confirmed human case of WNV in northwest Iowa. – See

Nebraska 08/08/12 Hamilton County: Health officials have confirmed the first human case of WNV in central Nebraska. – See

New Hampshire 08/07/12 News Release – Public health officials have confirmed that 18 batches of mosquitoes have tested positive for WNV recently from the towns of Manchester, Nashua, and Salem.  This is in addition to the 8 batches that Manchester already announced this season, bringing the total number of positive batches so far this year to 26. These findings have caused DPHS to raise the risk level for arboviral diseases in the greater Manchester, Nashua, and Salem areas. – See

Tennessee 08/08/12 Knox County: The Knox County Health Department has received lab confirmation of the presence of WNV in mosquitoes in six different areas of the county. – See


New Jersey 08/08/12 Burlington County: A skunk that attacked an opossum on the 300 block of Van Sant Drive, off Temple Boulevard in Palmyra, has tested positive for rabies. This is the third animal confirmed to be rabid in the Cinnaminson/Palmyra area this week. – See

Oregon 08/08/12 Benton County: A bat pulled out of the Willamette River by a group of Boy Scouts last week has tested positive for rabies, Benton County health officials confirmed Wednesday. This is the second bat in Benton County, and the seventh in the state of Oregon, to test positive for rabies this year. On Friday, four Boy Scouts on a canoe trip on the Willamette River retrieved a live bat from the water. The boys, handling the animal with bare hands, then took the bat to a scout leader. The scout leader quickly had the bat placed into a “secure container,” according to a statement from the Benton County Health Department. The leader then alerted the health department. When the scouts got to Hyat Park, a Benton County sheriff’s deputy picked up the animal and took it to the health department. The troop had been canoeing from Eugene to Hyat Park. The bat was discovered at  a point in the river about 3 miles north of Corvallis. Since the scouts handled the bat with bare hands, the bat was sent to the Oregon Public Health Laboratory in Hillsboro to be tested for rabies. A positive result came back Wednesday. The Boy Scout troop is a Washington County troop. Washington County health officials will evaluate whether the boys who touched the bat should receive a rabies vaccine given after exposure, according to the Benton County Health Department statement.

Pennsylvania 08/08/12 Fulton County: A skunk that sprayed a man who was working in the southern part of the county last Wednesday has tested positive for rabies. – See

Texas 08/08/12 Parker County: A male deer found at the Sugar Tree Golf Course on August 2nd has tested positive for rabies. According to reports, the deer was friendly and allowed people to pet and hand feed him. The county sheriff is asking those who had any contact with the deer to seek immediate medical advice. – See,0,2238579.story

Wisconsin 08/08/12 Marathon County: Health officials are seeking assistance in locating a dog that bit a young man on the city’s west side. The incident occurred at about 7 p.m. Friday on Garfield Avenue. The dog has been described as a small, black, short-haired dog with a dark colored collar. Verifying the vaccination status of the dog could prevent the man from having to go through a series of rabies shots. Anyone with information about the dog or its owner should call the Marathon County Health Department at 715-261-1908 or the Marathon County Dispatch at 715-849-7785.

MASSACHUSETTS and VIRGINIA confirm FOX attacks ~ OHIO State Fair presenter sent home when HOGS test positive for SWINE FLU ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from AL, CT, FL, GA, NJ, NM, NY, ND, OH, PA, SD, & UT ~ RABIES reports from AL, NJ, NY, & SC ~ CDC REPORTS: ZOONOTIC DISEASE summary for week ending July 28, 2012.

Gray fox. Photo by Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife.

Massachusetts 08/07/12 by Ariel Wittenberg – A Birchfield Street resident was bitten by a fox while walking her dog this morning in what town officials are calling a “possible rabies event.” Fairhaven Health Agent Patricia Fowle said there is no direct evidence that the fox is rabid, but that the victim is being treated for rabies at a nearby hospital. “The lady was out walking the dog … and a fox appeared out of the woods at the east end of the street,” Fowle said. “It went after the woman and not the dog, which is cause for concern.” Fowle said she received a call shortly after 10 a.m. from Animal Control informing her of the incident. Animal Control went to the scene of the biting but could not find the fox. – For complete article see

Red fox. Courtesy National Park Service.

Virginia 08/07/12 by David Tate – An aggressive fox that bit a Blacksburg woman has some neighbors very concerned. Police are keeping an eye out for the animal because it still hasn’t been captured or killed.  People in the area have definitely heard of the attack and are taking precautions for everything from their children to their pets. Until the fox that attacked a woman in a driveway is caught and tested for rabies, the Blacksburg neighborhood off Glade Road will be on edge. – For complete article and video see

H3N2 Infuenza Virus:

Ohio 08/06/12 by Tiffany Y. Latta – An area resident who recently showed animals at the Ohio State Fair has tested positive for swine flu, becoming the first confirmed case of the H3N2 influenza virus in Clark County. The young girl, whose name and age were not released, was exposed to the virus after having direct contact with two hogs that were sent home from the fair in Columbus last week after tests revealed they had swine flu.. . . . Ohio currently has 15 confirmed cases, including 14 cases in Butler County that were associated with those who had direct contact with swine at their recent county fair. – For complete article see

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Alabama 08/06/12 Mobile County: Health officials say sentinel chickens in two locations have tested positive for WNV. The locations are in the 36613 ZIP Code area and the 36571 ZIP Code area. – See

Connecticut 08/07/12 CT Department of Public Health: News Release – The State Mosquito Management Program today announced mosquitoes testing positive for WNV have been identified in 32 towns so far this season. The virus has been confirmed in mosquitoes trapped in a widening area of Fairfield, Hartford, New Haven, Middlesex and New London counties.

Florida 08/06/12 Jacksonville, Duval County: Four new cases of WNV bring this year’s total to five human cases of the mosquito-borne illness in Jacksonville. The Duval County Health Department says the most recent cases involve 35 and 52-year-old males and 41 and 54 year-old females. WOKV is told by the DCHD that three have been treated and released from the hospital.  The fourth is expected to be released today or tomorrow. – See

Georgia 08/07/12 Sandy Springs, Fulton County: Health officials confirm a mosquito sample found in Wills Park has tested positive for WNV. The Georgia Division of Public Health notified the department that mosquito samples in six Fulton County communities have tested positive for the West Nile Virus. – See

New Jersey 08/07/12 Morris County: A health official confirmed the county has discovered 35 pools of WNV infected mosquitoes, which is slightly more than in most previous years. – See

New Mexico 08/07/12 Bernalillo County: The department of health confirms that a 63-year-old man has been diagnosed with WNV. He is hospitalized with the more severe clinical form of the virus with neurological symptoms including encephalitis. This is the first human case of WNV in the state this year. – See

New York 08/07/12 Babylon, Suffolk County: Health officials confirm an adult younger than 55 is the first person on Long Island to be diagnosed with WNV this year. – See

North Dakota 08/07/12 Dickey County: State health officials announced the first human case of WNV reported in the state this year. The patient is a 50-year-old male who has been hospitalized. – See

Ohio 08/05/12: Ohio health officials are confirming the state’s second human case of WNV this year. Meanwhile, recent tests in Summit County show an increase in the number of cases of mosquitoes infected with the virus over last year. The Department of Health confirmed the virus Aug. 1 in a 48-year-old man in Cuyahoga County near Cleveland, the Associated Press reported. He was hospitalized with inflammation of the brain. An 85-year-old man was hospitalized with WNV encephalitis in Clermont County, in southwest Ohio, the state Department of Health confirmed July 27. The agency on Aug. 1 said more than 445 mosquito pools have tested positive for the virus so far this year, a jump from under 60 around this time last year. – See

Pennsylvania 08/06/12 Franklin & Lancaster counties: Two counties present first human cases of WNV in the state this year. A Franklin County woman is now recovering after being hospitalized with meningitis due to WNV, and a Lancaster County woman is recovering after contracting West Nile fever, the milder form of WNV. Due to an unprecedented level of mosquitoes carrying WNV, the Department of Health strongly urges residents to minimize their exposure to mosquitoes. – See

South Dakota 08/06/12 Hughes County: State health officials reported today that a county resident in the 80 to 89 age group has died of WNV. It is the first death related to WNV in the state since 2007. – See

Utah 08/06/12 Box Elder County: Public health officials verified the state’s first human case of WNV for 2012. The individual is between the age of 18 and 39. – See


Alabama 08/07/12 Rock Stand, Randolph County: A domestic cat that was growling and acting strangely has tested positive for rabies. – See

New Jersey 08/06/12 Upper Deerfield, Cumberland County: A raccoon found fighting with a dog in the backyard of a local residence has tested positive for rabies, according to health department staff. No people were bitten, but the resident was exposed to the raccoon’s saliva. – See

New York 08/06/12 Public health officials are looking for a person who was bitten by a cat believed to have rabies. On the morning of Aug. 1 at the Mobil gasoline station at 298 Titusville Rd. in LaGrange, a gray juvenile tabby cat with stripes was exhibiting symptoms consistent with rabies, the department notice said. After the cat bit two people, it ran off into nearby woods. Of two people bitten, one has received treatment. But the other has not, so far as health officials know. She is a woman in her early 20’s with short brown hair or a ponytail who was wearing a teal-colored shirt and khaki pants, believed to live locally. Immediate treatment for potentially rabid animal bites is critical for the individual’s health. Anyone who can help should call the Dutchess County Department of Health at 845-486-3404 weekdays or 845-431-6465 after-hours.

South Carolina 08/06/12 Simpsonville, Greenville County: A bat found inside a local home has tested positive for rabies, according to state health officials. – See|topnews|text|News&nclick_check=1

CDC Reports:

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending July 28, 2012:

Published August 3, 2012/ 61(30); ND-410-ND-423

Anaplasmosis . . . 19 . . . Alabama, Missouri, New York (17),

Babesiosis . . . 8 . . . New York (8),

Brucellosis . . . 1 . . . North Carolina,  

Ehrlichiosis . . . 9 . . . Arkansas, Florida, Missouri (2), New York, Tennessee, Virginia (3),

Giardiasis . . . 119 . . . Alabama, Alaska (2), Arkansas (2), Florida (20), Idaho, Iowa (3), Maine, Maryland (2), Michigan, Missouri (3), Nebraska (3), Nevada (2), New York (28), Ohio (13), Oregon (4), Pennsylvania (14), South Carolina (2), Virginia, Washington (14), West Virginia, Wisconsin,

Lyme Disease . . .  254. . .  Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware (9), Florida (3), Maryland (18), Nebraska (2), New York (108), Ohio (3), Pennsylvania (67), Vermont (9), Virginia (29) Washington (4)

Rabies (Animal) . . . 41. . . Alabama, Illinois (3), Kentucky, New York (13), Ohio (2), Texas (8), Vermont (2), Virginia (11),

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Confirmed) . . . 2. . . Missouri (2), 

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 34 . . . Alabama (5), Arkansas (5), Florida (4), Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri (5), New York, Ohio, Tennessee (3), Virginia (8).

CDC HEALTH ADVISORY says more cases of new SWINE FLU VIRUS appear in three states ~ RABBITS near COLORADO’s Plaster Reservoir infected with TULAREMIA ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CAx4, IL, IN, LA, MI, & TX ~ RABIES reports from CA, CO, GA, MN, NH, NJ, NY, NC, PA, & VA.

Photo courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

National 08/03/12 by Rob Stein – Federal health officials Friday reported a jump this summer in the number of people who have gotten infected with a new swine flu virus. Sixteen cases of the new H3N2 swine flu have been confirmed in the last few weeks, including 12 in the last week alone, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. Ten of last week’s cases occurred in Ohio, while the two others were in Indiana and Hawaii. The new cases bring the total number of cases of the new virus in people to 29 since the pathogen was first identified last year. Almost all the infections have occurred in people who had close contact with pigs — mostly kids at agricultural fairs.

Officials aren’t too worried yet because the virus isn’t spreading easily from person to person. Only three of the cases were hospitalized and no one has died, according the CDC’s Joseph Bresee. But whenever a pig virus jumps to people, it always raises concerns about a possible outbreak because so few people have immunity against it. And, as we’ve reported, there’s been more talk in recent years about the need for better monitoring the health of the animals most likely to pass on a flu virus with pandemic potential — pigs and birds. Some have criticized the pork industry for its reluctance to share data with human health officials. In 2010, the CDC and U.S. Department of Agriculture finally set up a surveillance system for pigs they’ve been discussing for years. But as for the current outbreak, the CDC is urging are urging people to wash their hands a lot and take other precautions whenever they have close contact with pigs.

Colorado 08/03/12 Tularemia has been found in rabbits collected near Plaster Reservoir in Broomfield. Broomfield Public Health and Environment on Thursday confirmed tularemia in the rabbits collected from the area south and west of the reservoir, which is northeast of 136th Avenue and Lowell Boulevard. Tests were conducted after residents noticed several dead rabbits and biting deer flies in the area. The threat to humans from the outbreak is thought to be minimal and no trails will be closed, but Public Health and Environment Division is advising residents to avoid handling or coming into contact rodents, squirrels and rabbits. Tularemia is rare among humans, with less than 200 cases reported each year, according to the city. “It’s not a disease that is typically on our radar from year to year” for humans, said Public Health Officer Jeff Stoll. Though rare, people can be infected through tick and deer fly bites, handling animal carcasses, drinking contaminated water and breathing in contaminated dust.  – For complete article see

West Nile Virus (WNV):

California 08/03/12 Sacramento & Yolo counties: Vector control officials announced today that further evidence of WNV activity has been detected in the two counties as 41 mosquito samples, 43 dead birds, and 2 sentinel chickens tested positive for the virus this week. –

California 08/04/12 Rohnert Park, Sonoma County: The Marin/Sonoma Mosquito & Vector Control District announced today that 2 (two) groups of mosquitoes have tested positive for WNV. The infected mosquitoes were trapped near Wilfred Avenue. – See

California 08/03/12 Kern County: The Department of Public Health has announced the state’s first fatality of the year due to WNV. An 88-year-old woman died after being infected by the virus, which is transmitted from mosquitoes to humans. – See,0,5389803.story

California 08/04/12 Manteca, San Joaquin County: Officials have confirmed the first case of WNV in a horse, and the second confirmed human case in the county. – See

Illinois 08/03/12 Skokie, Cook County: A 76-year-old woman has been hospitalized in what village officials are calling the first confirmed human case of WNV in the village this year. – See

Indiana 08/03/12 Hamillton & Marion counties: The state’s first human cases of WNV have been confirmed in two separate counties. – See

Louisiana 08/03/12 Two people have died in the state as a result of WNV infections. The health department said Friday that the number of overall WNV infections in the state rose this week by 21 for a total of 53. WNV infections usually cause no symptoms or relatively mild flu-like symptoms. But, in some cases, the mosquito-borne virus causes life-threatening brain or spinal cord diseases — also known as neuroinvasive diseases — such as encephalitis or meningitis. – See

Michigan 08/03/12 Wayne County: Health officials confirm two human cases of WNV. Both patients were hospitalized with meningitis but have since been treated and released. – See

Texas 08/03/12 Williamson County: The county is grappling with human cases of mosquito-borne WNV, according to local health officials who said they are investigating two cases of the more serious neuroinvasive form of the ailment, which affects the nervous system. – See


California 08/02/12 Fremont, Alameda County: Two bats were found last month that have tested positive for rabies bringing to four the number of the diseased animals found in the county this year, officials confirmed Thursday. The Mexican free-tailed bats were discovered Tuesday and July 25 in undisclosed locations. – See

Colorado 08/03/12 Cañon City, Fremont County: A bat found at the Cañon City Public Library, 516 Macon Ave., on Wednesday has tested positive for rabies. The Fremont County Public Health Agency is asking anyone who had direct contact with the bat to notify them at 275-1626 and to immediately contact their health care provider about the possible need for rabies post-exposure treatment. – See

Georgia 08/03/12 Richmond Hill, Bryan County: A family dog had to be euthanized this week after interacting with a raccoon that tested positive for rabies. The dog was not up to date on its shots. This is the third raccoon in the county in the past two months found carrying the deadly disease. – See

Minnesota 08/03/12 Aitkin, Aitkin County: Carol Schefers, 38, has no intention of swimming in a Minnesota lake again. On July 28th, she was attacked and bitten by an otter. The incident occurred on Ude Lake in Aitkin. Schefers suffered bites on her legs, foot, and one hand, and spent 9 hours in a hospital being treated for potential exposure to rabies. This is the second otter attack in a northern Minnesota lake in less than a month. – See|topnews|bc|large

New Hampshire 08/02/12 Bartlett, Carroll County: A fox found near Nordic Village on Route 16 in the Glen neighborhood has tested positive for rabies. – See

New Jersey 08/02/12 Burlington County: Two wild animals in Palmyra and Cinnaminson have tested positive for rabies, according to Palmyra Police, after one tried to attack a family’s two dogs. A fox and a groundhog, who were either found dead or killed on the 900 and 1100 blocks of Morgan Avenue, were tested by county officials. Both came back positive for rabies. – See

New York 08/02/12 LaGrange, Dutchess County: Dutchess County health officials are looking into the possibility that a cat that bit two people in the Town of LaGrange on Wednesday, August 1 at 9:40 a.m. may be rabid. After biting the two individuals, the cat ran off into the woods near the intersection of Noxon Road and Titusville Road. The cat is a gray juvenile tabby cat with stripes and is presumed to have rabies based on its behavior and appearance, the Dutchess County Health Department said Thursday. If you or someone you know, or any domestic pets were bitten by a cat matching that description within the past few days, or if you know the whereabouts of the animal, you are asked to call the Dutchess County Health Department as soon as possible at 845-486-3404.

North Carolina 08/02/12 Falls Lake, Wake County: A beaver attacked two swimmers and both are being treated for potential exposure to rabies. The beaver disappeared but within 24 hours there was a second incident and park employees shot the beaver, but it sank into the lake before they could recover the body. – See

Pennsylvania 08/03/12 Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area: A visitor to the park was bitten by a beaver Thursday while swimming in the Delaware River just south of Eshback Access, park Superintendent John J. Donahue said. The beaver tested positive for rabies. – See

Virginia 08/02/12 Bedford: A fox that was found last month in the city has tested positive for rabies, officials said Thursday. – See

MONTANA game officers kill MOUNTAIN LION that attacked DOG ~ ALABAMA reports four HORSES with EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS ~ CDC reports 242 total HUMAN CASES of WEST NILE VIRUS in 42 states, including four deaths this year ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from IL, MA, OH, & SD ~ RABIES reports from MD, & MO.

Mountain lion. Courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Montana 08/02/12 by Gwen Florio – A mountain lion suspected of confronting several people in the Clearwater Junction area was killed Wednesday night after attacking and injuring someone’s dog. “We’re quite confident it’s the same cat,” Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks biologist Jay Kolbe said Thursday. Kolbe was called around 10:20 p.m. Wednesday after a lion attacked a couple’s dog near their family cabin in Riverwatch, just north of Harpers Lake where a lion also had approached people. After a sighting Monday night at Salmon Lake campground, FWP stationed wildlife conflict specialist Bob Wiesner and his chase dog Spinner in a camper there. When Wiesner, Spinner and Kolbe all converged upon the Riverwatch cabin Wednesday night, the lion was still there, Kolbe said. Spinner treed it, and the lion was killed. “Things went about as well as we could have hoped,” Kolbe said. “I can’t say enough about Bob’s dedication and hard work this past week to put his life on hold,” he said of Wiesner. “You never know when that call’s going to come.”

He said the young male lion was extremely emaciated, with its ribs showing, which may provide a clue as to why it was so willing to approach people in campgrounds. Two weekends ago, a lion came within 20 feet of a 4-year-old girl in the Harpers Lake Campground – and then refused to back off when adults tried to scare it away. In the two preceding days, a lion in the same area approached two different people, Kolbe said. FWP attributed all those reports to the same lion. “This is unusual behavior. This is a 1 percenter. That’s why we respond lethally,” he said. “It doesn’t mean people shouldn’t enjoy the outdoors.” Most lions bolt at the sight of people, he said. Case in point – a pair of lions spotted Monday night in Salmon Lake, Kolbe said. One was large, one much smaller, and the two called to each other as though they were mother and offspring. “They did not act aggressively and moved off when approached,” he said. Which is exactly what lions are supposed to do.

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

Alabama 07/31/12 Dallas County: State health officials confirm there have been four positive cases of EEE found in horses in the county. – See

National 08/01/12 News Release – The CDC is urging people to take steps to prevent WNV infections.  Outbreaks of the disease occur each summer in the United States.  This year, some areas of the country are experiencing earlier and greater activity. Thus far in 2012, 42 states have reported WNV infections in people, birds, or mosquitoes. A total of 241 human cases of WNV disease, including four deaths, have been reported to CDC. This is the highest number of cases reported through the end of July since 2004. Almost 80 percent of the cases have been reported from three states, Texas, Mississippi, and Oklahoma. – For complete release including best way to prevent WNV see

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Illinois 08/02/12 Oquawka, Henderson County: Mosquito batches collected by health department staff members have tested positive for WNV. – See

Massachusetts 08/02/12 Arlington, Middlesex County: Public health officials announced Thursday that WNV has been detected in mosquitoes collected in the town. – See

Ohio 08/01/12 Shaker Heights, Cuyahoga County: State health officials have confirmed that mosquito traps in the city and throughout the county have tested positive for WNV. A total of 374 WNV positive mosquito pools have been identified statewide this year and one human case has been identified in Clermont County. – See

South Dakota 08/02/12 News Release – WNV detections increase with 9 cumulative human cases: Brown 4, Aurora, Hughes, Kingsbury, Lake, & Roberts counties; 7 cumulative positive blood donors: Aurora, Beadle, Brown, Edmunds, Hanson, Lincoln, & Turner counties; 1 WNV positive horse: Hanson County; 1 WNV positive bird: Roberts County; and 34 WNV positive mosquito pools: Brown 21, Brookings 6, Hughes 4, Codington 2, and Lincoln counties. – See


Maryland 08/01/12 Waldorf, Charles County: Two people are being treated for potential exposure to rabies after a bat found in an apartment tested positive for the virus. – See

Missouri 08/01/12 Nodaway County: A bat captured inside a residence has tested positive for rabies. – See