Category Archives: Follow-Up Reports

Bill Gates declares this week MOSQUITO WEEK ~ LYME DISEASE on the rise in CANADA ~ Consumer Reports INSECT REPELLENT ratings ~ FOLLOW-UP: Infections in VIRGINIA were not HANTAVIRUS.

Mosquito-Week-Infographic

Global 04/26/14 mashable.com: by Bill Gates – This week over at my blog, TheGatesNotes, we’re hosting Mosquito Week. It’s modeled on the Discovery Channel’s annual fear-fest, Shark Week. But compared to mosquitoes, sharks are wimps. In fact, when it comes to killing humans, no other animal even comes close. Take a look: (see above). For many of us, mosquitoes might seem more pests than predators. But in a large part of the world, particularly among the poor, mosquitoes are a blight. There are more than 2,500 species of mosquito, and they’re found in every region of the world except Antarctica. During the peak breeding seasons, they outnumber every other animal on Earth, except termites and ants. Despite their innocuous-sounding name—Spanish for “little fly”—they carry devastating diseases. The worst is malaria, which kills more than 600,000 people every year; another 200 million cases incapacitate people for days at a time. It threatens half of the world’s population and causes billions of dollars in lost productivity annually. Other mosquito-borne diseases include dengue fever, yellow fever, and encephalitis. So we’re taking a lesson from the sharks, and hosting Mosquito Week on the Gates Notes. Everything I’m posting this week is dedicated to this deadly creature. You can learn about the ingenious researchers who may have found a way to combat dengue fever by inoculating not people, but mosquitoes. (Somehow this story involved me offering up my bare arm to a cage full of hungry mosquitoes so they could feed on my blood.) You can read a first-hand account of what it’s like to have malaria and hear from an inspiring Tanzanian scientist who’s fighting it. And I’ve shared a few thoughts about why I’m still optimistic that we can eradicate this disease, which would be one of the greatest accomplishments in health ever. In an average year, sharks kill a half dozen people. Mosquitoes kill 50,000 times as many people. Seemed worth paying attention to. So, I hope you’ll have a look around. I can’t promise that Anopheles Gambiae will be quite as exciting as hammerheads and Great Whites. But maybe you’ll come away with a new appreciation for these flying masters of mayhem.

Lyme Disease:

lyme-awareness5128Canada 04/27/14 theglobeandmail.com: by Adriana Barton – Most Canadians think of Lyme disease as a rare illness that afflicts hikers bitten by ticks in the deep woods. Infected individuals develop a bull’s-eye rash and go on antibiotics for a few weeks to clear it up. Problem solved The trouble with this picture – promoted for years by Canadian health authorities – is that it does not begin to capture the true threat of Lyme disease, which in its chronic form can turn into a life sentence of debilitating joint pain and neurological problems. Disease-carrying ticks in Canada have increased tenfold in the past two decades, spread by migratory birds and nurtured by warming climates that allow them to thrive in our own backyards. While reported cases jumped 146 per cent between 2009 and 2012, advocates say that testing is inadequate and doctors lack awareness of Lyme, resulting in gross underreporting and underdiagnosis of this rapidly emerging infectious disease. Jim Wilson, president of the Canadian Lyme Disease Foundation (CanLyme), says Canada lags far behind the United States in testing for the multiple strains of bacteria that can cause Lyme. Canadian tests and clinical exams are “way too narrowly focused for what we’re running into in the wild,” Wilson said. According to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), only 315 cases of Lyme disease were reported in 2012. The actual number is likely in the thousands, Wilson said, noting that 3,000 patients contact his organization each year. A 2013 report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that 300,000 Americans are diagnosed with Lyme disease each year – 10 times the reported number of 30,000. – For complete article see http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/health-and-fitness/health/lyme-disease-on-the-rise-in-canada-linked-to-ticks/article18232442/

Insect Repellent Ratings:

Consumer_Reports_Insect_Repellents_Update_5-13See http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/2014/05/best-way-to-stop-bug-bites/index.htm

Follow-Up Report:

Hantavirus:

(See HANTAVIRUS suspected in six VIRGINIA infections, two fatal – post dated April 29, 2014)

microscope8776dVIRGINIA 04/30/14 Pulaski County: by Jacob Demmitt – The illness that hospitalized a Snowville family of five — killing two — was not hantavirus as previously suspected, according to health officials. Instead, it was a combination of two common and treatable illnesses — influenza B and strep A — that together claimed the lives of Julie Simpkins and her 14-year-old daughter, Ginger Simpkins, on April 25. Individually, neither the flu nor strep cause tremendous concern, but together they are “extremely, extremely rare” and serious, New River Health District Director Molly O’Dell said. During a media teleconference on Wednesday, O’Dell said both the flu and strep are circulating in the region, but there doesn’t seem to be any threat to the community because it is so rare to become infected with both simultaneously. The health department has not made an official cause of death finding – that can come only from the medical examiner’s office – but health officials on Wednesday’s call talked about how the combination  of flu and strep could be deadly. Doctors have not identified anyone else in the area who has been co-infected, O’Dell said. No one in the Simpkins family had received a flu shot, and all five members tested positive for the flu and showed signs of strep. It’s impossible to know where they picked it up or if they contracted both at the same time, O’Dell said. “A lot of times what we’ll say in medicine is just because you have one thing doesn’t mean you can’t have another, a second thing,” she said. “So if someone gets influenza, it certainly makes them more vulnerable to pick up bacterial infections.” The kind of co-infection that struck the Simpkinses is so rare that it hasn’t been studied by scientists, and only about 10 cases have ever been reported in all the medical literature Tom Kerkering, Carilion’s chief of infectious diseases, could find. “I’ve been doing infectious diseases for 35 years. This is the first time I’ve seen the combination,” Kerkering said during the teleconference. – For complete article see http://www.roanoke.com/news/rare-combination-of-flu-and-strep-killed-members-of-pulaski/article_b11e22fa-d0ad-11e3-8801-0017a43b2370.html

World traveler hospitalized in MINNESOTA with LASSA FEVER ~ UTAH confirms case of HANTAVIRUS ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: OREGON’s celebrity WOLF OR-7 may soon exit stage ~ RABIES reports from AZ, AR, CT, FL, GA, MD, NJ, NCx2, PA, SCx2 & VA.

Rat. Bing free use license.

Rat. Bing free use license.

Minnesota 04/04/14 medpagetoday.com: by Michael Smith – A man is in stable condition in a Minnesota hospital with Lassa fever after returning from a trip to West Africa, where an outbreak of Ebola virus is now raging. The Minnesota Department of Health said the man flew to Minneapolis-St. Paul on March 31 and soon after his arrival visited a physician. Because of his travel history and symptoms, the doctor suspected a possible hemorrhagic fever. The man was admitted to the hospital with fever and confusion and CDC testing confirmed a diagnosis of Lassa fever on April 3, the department and the CDC said in separate statements. “This imported case is a reminder that we are all connected by international travel,” CDC Director Tom Frieden, MD, said in a statement. “A disease anywhere can appear anywhere else in the world withinhours.”

Air routes connecting to and from Africa.

Air routes connecting to and from Africa.

Lassa fever is rarely seen in the U.S., with only seven cases recorded, the latest in 2010, according to the CDC. The agency reported that preliminary information suggests the man flew from West Africa to New York City and on to Minneapolis on another flight. The agency did not say where in West Africa the trip started. The CDC is working with public health officials and airlines to identify anyone who might have had close contact with the infected person, although Lassa fever is not easily spread from human to human. “Casual contact is not a risk factor for getting Lassa fever,” said Barbara Knust, DVM, a CDC epidemiologist in the lab that tested the patient’s blood for Lassa virus. “People will not get this infection just because they were on the same airplane or in the same airport,” she said in a statement.

RatthumbnailCANGBSFFThe Lassa virus is carried by rodents and transmitted to humans through contact with urine or droppings, but in some cases people can catch it from another person through direct contact with blood or bodily fluids, the mucous membranes, or sexual contact. “Given what we know about how Lassa virus is spread to people, the risk to other travelers and members of the public is extremely low,” Martin Cetron, MD, of the CDC’s Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, said in a statement. Between 100,000 and 300,000 cases of Lassa fever occur in West Africa each year, with up to 5,000 deaths. – For complete article see http://www.medpagetoday.com/InfectiousDisease/GeneralInfectiousDisease/45120?isalert=1&uun=g632000d1042R5753012u&utm_source=breaking-news&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=breaking-news&xid=NL_breakingnews_2014-04-04

Author’s Note: For more information on Lassa Fever see http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/lassa/

Hantavirus:

imagesCAULAVUQUtah 04/04/14 kcsg.com: The Southwest Utah Public Health Department (SWUPHD) has confirmed a case of hantavirus infection in Kane County. Hantavirus incidences are rare in the five-county region, with the last case being reported four years ago in Iron County. The virus is found in the droppings, urine, and saliva of rodents, usually deer-mice. “This time of year, a lot of people start spring cleaning in places where rodent droppings are found; such as sheds, barns, and cabins,” says Dr. David Blodgett, SWUPHD Health Officer. “If hantavirus is present, it can be inhaled and cause respiratory illness within a few weeks.” Hantavirus infection, called Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, starts with flu-like symptoms followed by difficulty breathing and can be life-threatening. Treatment includes intensive hospital care to deal with the respiratory distress. Hantavirus is not known to spread person-to-person. – For complete article and precautions see http://www.kcsg.com/view/full_story/24877415/article-Hantavirus-Infection-in-Southwest-Utah?instance=more_local_news1

Follow-Up Report:

Wolf OR-7:

(See previous posts dated 11/12/11, through 12/13/13)

graywolfNPRphotoOregon 03/29/14 missoulian.com: The wandering wolf dubbed OR-7 has enjoyed well over his 15 minutes of fame. But even with continued public interest, he could soon fade from the spotlight. The Global Positioning System collar that has sent regular electronic pulses to reveal his travels for the past three years has eclipsed its normal life span, and state and federal biologists don’t plan to replace it. “When that collar dies, we’ll never know his fate,” Rob Klavins of the conservation group Oregon Wild told the Mail Tribune newspaper. “But that could be OK. It’s good to have a little mystery in the world.“ The wolf gained celebrity status in 2011 after leaving a pack in northeastern Oregon, days after the state issued a kill order for his father and a sibling for preying on livestock.

wolfMost Oregon wolves on such journeys, called dispersals, have stayed in northeast Oregon or traveled to Idaho. The young wolf headed west with the tracking satellite following his moves as he fruitlessly searched for a mate. He became the first confirmed wolf in western Oregon since the last one was killed under a livestock-protection bounty program in 1937. He then crossed a state line and became California’s only confirmed wolf since 1924. He wandered throughout Northern California and almost traveled into Nevada before retracing his steps to southern Oregon, where he’s spending his time near Mount McLoughlin. The wolf will not be re-collared because biologists prefer to collar breeding pairs or members of packs. Collaring can be dangerous and time-consuming, and biologists would rather collar animals in other packs not sporting GPS collars to get information on their whereabouts and habits instead of an established bachelor like OR-7. – See this article at http://missoulian.com/news/state-and-regional/oregon-wandering-wolf-s-signal-ready-to-fade/article_15a8644a-b6ac-11e3-aef0-001a4bcf887a.html. See 3/22/14 companion article about a group retracing the path of wandering Oregon wolf OR-7 at http://missoulian.com/news/state-and-regional/group-retracing-trek-of-wandering-oregon-wolf-or/article_bad003c8-b121-11e3-bc24-001a4bcf887a.html

Rabies:

a898778rabies-alertArizona 04/04/14 Santa Cruz County: Officials have announced that the entire county is under quarantine after an outbreak of rabies reached record-breaking levels. The quarantine order, effective through December 31st, was issued after 23 positive cases of rabies were reported since January 1st of this year. The county recorded only 12 cases in all of 2013. – See http://www.nogalesinternational.com/news/county-now-under-rabies-quarantine/article_1a9ef380-bc0e-11e3-a7b0-0019bb2963f4.html

323rabies-skunk_mediumArkansas 04/01/14 Pulaski County: A skunk that was observed behaving strangely near the 800 block of Buttercup in North Little Rock‘s Levy neighborhood has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.arkansasmatters.com/story/d/story/rabies-warning-in-north-little-rock/59358/GB4-wF9jxECoaYCA8PI3Gw

Connecticut 04/02/14 Hartford County: A raccoon that fought with two vaccinated dogs on Rogers Lane in Enfield on March 26th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.journalinquirer.com/towns/enfield/raccoon-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-enfield/article_84f6f590-ba68-11e3-acb9-001a4bcf887a.html

17858296_BG1Florida 03/29/14 Hernando County: A raccoon that fought with a vaccinated dog on Sun Hill Lane in Brooksville has tested positive for rabies. – See http://tbo.com/health/rabid-raccoon-reported-in-east-brooksville-20140329/

Georgia 04/02/14 Hall County: A raccoon that fought with a dog on Bowen Bridge Road in the Clermont area is the fourth wild animal in the county to test positive for rabies so far this year. – See http://www.accessnorthga.com/detail.php?n=273283

17907533_240X180Maryland 03/31/14 Prince George’s County: A fox removed from the 4000 block of Woodrow Lane in Bowie on March 21st has tested positive for rabies. – See http://laurel.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/fox-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-bowie

raccoonrabid113524New Jersey 04/01/14 Atlantic County: A raccoon removed from the backyard of a resident in the 4000 block of Ridge Avenue in Egg Harbor Township is the third animal to test positive for rabies in the township so far this year. – See http://www.shorenewstoday.com/snt/news/index.php/egg-harbor-twp/eht-general-news/50867-third-case-of-rabies-found-in-egg-harbor-township.html

rabiesAlert521d4-1North Carolina 04/04/14 Cleveland County: Eighteen people are being treated for potential exposure to rabies after a Good Samaritan in the town of Lawndale adopted one of two puppies that were abandoned and were wandering along Elam Road. The adopted puppy began acting sickly and when brought to a clinic was diagnosed with and tested positive for the virus. Making matters worse, the other puppy ran away. Officials are warning area residents who might have been in contact with either of the puppies to seek immediate medical attention. – See http://www.wsmv.com/story/25158263/stray-puppies-leave-cleveland-co-neighbors-owing-thousands-of-dollars-in-medical-bills

320x240North Carolina 03/28/14 Cumberland County: A bat found between Pamalee Drive and Murhison Road in Fayetteville has tested positive for rabies. This is the 3rd case of the virus to be confirmed in the county this year. – See http://www.fayobserver.com/news/local/article_1026ca27-0ce1-51f8-9ed6-2af733ba68ac.html

Rabid-Fox---26690055Pennsylvania 04/02/14 Montgomery County: A fox that was killed by a resident’s unvaccinated dog on the 2000 block of Weber Road in Worcester Township has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.timesherald.com/general-news/20140402/montgomery-county-health-department-confirms-fox-positive-for-rabies-in-worcester

Cat-RabiesSouth Carolina 04/01/14 Laurens County: A stray cat found in or near the town of Gray Court has tested positive for rabies. At least one person has been advised to seek treatment for possible exposure to the virus. – See http://www.independentmail.com/news/2014/apr/01/cat-exposes-person-rabies-laurens-county/

South Carolina 03/29/14 Aiken County: A man in his 20s has been advised to seek post-expsosure treatment for rabies after a raccoon entered his home on Limerick Drive in Aiken and scratched his face. The raccoon has since tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.aikenstandard.com/article/20140329/AIK0101/140329342/1004/man-recommended-to-undergo-treatment-after-rabies-exposure

crittersVirginia 04/04/14 Prince William Health District: A cat found on March 31st near Forest Glen Road in Woodbridge between Horner Road and Hylton Avenue has tested positive for rabies. And in Nokesville, four raccoons and a skunk have tested positive for the virus since July of 2013. A Rabies Alert has been issued for both communities. – See http://www.insidenova.com/health/health-district-warns-residents-about-rabies-in-woodbridge-nokesville/article_a439195c-bc3d-11e3-947e-0019bb2963f4.html

MOUNTAIN LION behaving aggressively toward people in CALIFORNIA park ~ Follow-Up Report: MOUNTAIN LION returns to Fontana, CALIFORNIA ~ MISSOURI cautiously optimistic that efforts to check CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE are working ~ RABIES reports from GA, TX, & VA.

Mountain lion. Bing free use license.

Mountain lion. Bing free use license.

California 03/08/14 thereporter.com: by Catherine Mijs – Vacaville parkgoers got more than they bargained for Friday evening: Several reported hair-raising run-ins with a mountain lion that has frequented Lagoon Valley Park in the last few weeks, officials said. With four sightings between 6 and 7 p.m., including one instance where the powerful predator came within 25 feet of people and “growled,” Vacaville police began making efforts to contact California Department of Fish and Wildlife officials to help corral the cougar, said Sgt. Charlie Spruill. According to Spruill, the mountain lion was also spotted in the hills across the road from the dog park, going toward Hidden Grove — about 25 yards from the walking path. On Feb. 21, the city of Vacaville issued a warning to parkgoers, urging them to be on the lookout for the lion following several sightings by local residents on trails near Lagoon Valley and by other hikers near Cherry Glen Road. Temporary signs were posted at the park’s trailheads, advising hikers of what to do if they encountered a mountain lion. Friday’s encounters, however, were much more aggressive than the initial glimpses that were reported to authorities. – For complete article see http://www.thereporter.com/news/ci_25302322/mountain-lion-growls-at-people-vacavilles-lagoon-valley?source=most_viewed

Follow-Up Report:

(See MOUNTAIN LION kills 100 lb German Shepherd in CALIFORNIA family’s backyard posted 03/08/14)

s_mountain-lion-0002 (2)California 03/10/14 nbclosangeles.com: Mountain lion sightings were reported during the weekend in the same community where a big cat attacked and killed a family’s German Sherpherd last week. The sightings in Fontana, about 50 miles east of downtown Los Angeles, were reported Saturday within about 30 minutes. The first report came from a resident who saw the mountain lion walking north of Edmonton Street near Regina Way Saturday morning. Officers in a helicopter later found the animal under power lines northwest of Reservoir Road near Edmonton Street. “The officers in the helicopter lost sight of the mountain lion and were unable to locate after a lengthy search,” according to a statement from the Fontana Police Department. . . . California Fish and Wildlife officials described the mountain lion’s behavior as “anything but normal” and consider it a significant public safety threat. An animal is considered a public safety threat if there is “a likelihood of human injury based on the totality of the circumstances,” according to the California Department of Fish and Wildlife. The lion’s behavior, proximity to schools and other factors are considered in making that determination. Police have asked residents to keep pets inside, especially during dusk to dawn hours. – For complete article see http://www.nbclosangeles.com/news/local/Mountain-Lion-Sighting-German-Shepherd-Dog-Attack-Fontana-249304501.html

Chronic Wasting Disease:

Whitetail buck. Courtesy MO Dept of Conservation.

Whitetail buck. Courtesy MO Dept of Conservation.

Missouri 03/11/14 mdc.mo.gov: News Release – Following the testing of 3,666 free-ranging deer harvested during and after the 2013 deer-hunting season, the Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) has detected no additional cases of chronic wasting disease (CWD) in Missouri free-ranging deer. The total number of confirmed cases in Missouri free-ranging deer remains limited to 10 found in 2012 and early 2013. All were from a small area of northwest Macon County near where CWD was confirmed in 10 captive deer in 2012 at a private hunting preserve. Missouri’s first case of CWD was discovered in 2010 in a captive deer at private hunting facility in southeast Linn County owned by the same private hunting preserve. “While I am cautiously optimistic that these latest test results suggest our efforts to limit the spread of CWD may be working, the threat of this infectious disease remains significant,” said MDC State Wildlife Veterinarian Kelly Straka. “Therefore, continued surveillance is important.” – For complete release see http://mdc.mo.gov/newsroom/mdc-testing-results-show-no-new-cases-chronic-wasting-disease

Rabies:

raccoon-mom-and-baby-0567Georgia 03/10/14 Barrow County: A raccoon found on Hidden Court off Sims Road in Winder has tested positive for rabies. This is the second rabid raccoon found in Winder in less than one week. The first confirmed case was on Meadowbrook Drive. – See http://www.barrowcountynews.com/section/14/article/22100/

maxresdefaultTexas 03/10/14 Brazos County: A skunk killed by two dogs in their own fenced-in yard in the vicinity of Tabor Road and Dilly Shaw Tap northeast of Bryan has tested positive for rabies. – See http://wtaw.com/2014/03/10/aggieland-humane-society-issues-rabies-advisory/

20040118-RosesRaccoonSkunk(lo) - CopyVirginia  03/10/14 Pittsylvania County: A raccoon found on Tucker Road in Gretna, and a skunk found on Mapleton Road in Callands, Wednesday and Thursday of last week respectively, have both tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.godanriver.com/news/pittsylvania_county/two-rabid-animals-found-in-pittsylvania-county/article_29c80f5c-a8ab-11e3-a9ef-001a4bcf6878.html

 

WEST NILE VIRUS kills 27 BALD EAGLES in UTAH ~ COLORADO town warns residents of MOUNTAIN LIONS ~ CHIKUNGUNYA in the CARIBBEAN poses threat to U.S. ~ Vets say research needed on LYME DISEASE in HORSES ~ RABIES reports from FLx2, & VA.

Bald Eagle. Bing free use license.

Bald Eagle. Bing free use license.

Utah 12/31/13 ctvnews.ca: by Michelle L. Price – The mystery illness that has killed 27 bald eagles in Utah this month appears to be West Nile Virus, state officials said Tuesday. The Utah Division of Wildlife Resources said in a statement that laboratory tests done on some of the first birds found indicate they died from West Nile Virus. Since Dec. 1, officials have found the birds in northern and central Utah. All were either dead or were ill and later died during treatment. The eagles displayed similar symptoms, including head tremors, signs of seizures, weakness in legs and feet and a paralysis of the bird’s wings. Beyond the 27 that have died, officials said five eagles were being treated at a wildlife rehabilitation centre Tuesday. They appeared to be responding well to treatment, officials said. Utah wildlife officials aren’t sure how the eagles caught the virus, but they suspect the birds contracted it by eating Eared Grebes that were infected with the virus and died recently.

Eared Grebe.

Eared Grebe.

West Nile Virus, which is spread by mosquitoes, usually infects eagles and other birds during warmer months. Mark Hadley, a Utah Division of Wildlife Resources spokesman, said the grebes, a duck-like aquatic bird, start arriving in Utah in October, when mosquitoes are still active. “It’s possible that those grebes got bit by mosquitoes after they got here when they arrived in the fall, and it just took a while for them to die.” The bald eagles began arriving in November and appeared to have died relatively quickly once they contracted the virus, Hadley said. About 750 to 1,200 bald eagles begin migrating to Utah each November and stay until March, officials said. During those winter months, the eagles get most of their food by eating dead animals, such as grebes.

Flock of Bald eaglesLeslie McFarlane, a wildlife disease coordinator with DWR, said in a statement that there’s still a chance a few more eagles could die, but because the migration period for grebes is almost over, it’s likely that the risk to eagles will soon drop. The birds do not pose a risk to human health but people should not handle eagles if they find them, wildlife officials said. Hadley said that in the 17 years he’s been with DWR, he has never seen this many eagles die off, particularly in such a short period of time. – See http://www.ctvnews.ca/sci-tech/west-nile-virus-caused-27-bald-eagle-deaths-in-december-utah-wildlife-officials-1.1613441

Mountain Lions:

s_mountain-lion-0002Colorado 12/27/13 Douglas County: The town of Parker may be 20 miles from the foothills, but officials sent an e-mail to residents on Thursday warning that mountain lions have been sighted inside the town limits. It cautioned residents not to walk or hike alone, and to make sure children are within sight at all times. – For additional advice see http://www.thedenverchannel.com/news/local-news/parker-issues-warning-after-mountain-lions-spotted

Chikungunya:

Follow-Up Report:

(See CHIKUNGUNYA virus spreads in the AMERICAS posted 12/15/13)

pic_chikungunyaCaribbean Islands 12/30/13 cidrap.umn.edu: by Lisa Schnirring – Health officials are reporting a sharp rise in the number of patients sickened in a chikungunya fever outbreak centered on the Caribbean island of St. Martin, which may signal an increasing risk to the US mainland. On the French part of the island, where most of the infections have been reported, the number of confirmed cases has risen from 26 to 66, according to a Dec 28 update from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). In addition, health officials from the Netherlands have confirmed the first case on the Dutch side of St. Martin (Sint Maarten), and illnesses have been detected on two other nearby islands: three on Martinique and one on Guadeloupe, according to the ECDC report. Both of those islands are south and slightly east of St. Martin. The case in Guadeloupe represents the island’s first documented local chikungunya case, which was detected because of enhanced surveillance for the disease in all French Caribbean territories, the ECDC said. The patient is co-infected with dengue serotype 4 and had not recently traveled to another area where chikungunya exists. Meanwhile, health officials in the area are investigating a slew of suspected and probable cases. They include 167 suspected cases and 14 probable cases on the French side of St. Martin, and two patients have been hospitalized. Martinique has 27 suspected cases, and on the island of St. Barthelemy, 21 suspected cases are under investigation. The outbreak represents the first known indigenous transmission of chikungunya fever in the Americas. – For complete article and precautions see http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2013/12/caribbean-chikungunya-outbreak-grows-poses-threat-us

Lyme Disease:

aaep_logoNational 12/30/13 thehorse.com: by Amy Johnson, DVM – It is hard to get a roomful of people to agree on anything, but just about every veterinarian attending the Lyme disease table topic session at the 2013 American Association of Equine Practitioners convention, held Dec. 7-11 in Nashville, Tenn., agreed that more research is needed on this disease in horses. We do know that Lyme disease is an increasingly recognized problem in people living in areas where the causative organism, Borrelia burgdorferi, is endemic. These areas include the northeast and north-central United States. We also know that Borrelia is capable of infecting horses. Despite only a handful of published case reports describing clinical signs in infected horses, many practitioners in endemic areas are convinced that they see cases of Lyme disease in horses. The most common signs in these cases are behavior changes, lethargy or poor attitude, and change in gait/lameness. Uveitis (inflammation within the eye) and neuroborreliosis (neurologic disease due to Lyme disease) are occasionally seen as well. So if a horse is showing possible signs of Lyme disease, how can it be diagnosed? vetSeveral blood tests are available that will identify antibodies against Borrelia. The presence of antibodies (in an unvaccinated horse) indicates that the horse has been infected with Borrelia at some point in its life. The pattern of antibody production might help to ascertain whether infection is acute or chronic. However, more research is needed regarding patterns of antibody production in infected horses. – For complete article see http://www.thehorse.com/articles/33123/aaep-researchers-discuss-lyme-disease-in-horses

Rabies:

thumbnailCA6WGA0CFlorida 12/31/13 Hamilton County: A bobcat that attacked a dog in Jennings has tested positive for rabies. A Rabies Alert has been issued within the boundaries of CR 141 North, CR 143 North, and CR 146. – See http://www.suwanneedemocrat.com/jasper/x1956145775/Health-officials-in-Hamilton-County-issue-rabies-alert

10975940 - CopyFlorida 12/30/13 Palm Beach County: Two raccoons that attacked dogs in West Palm Beach and Jupiter Farms last week have tested positive for rabies. And a third raccoon that attacked a dog near A1A in Tequesta over the weekend is presumed rabid. – See http://www.palmbeachpost.com/news/news/two-raccoons-that-attacked-dogs-in-west-palm-beach/ncYDM/

337278_koshka_kot_rebenok_ditya_devochka_kosichka_ulybka_2990x2170_(www.GdeFon.ru)Virginia 12/30/13 Prince William County: A domestic cat that appeared to be injured was picked up near Powells Landing Circle in Woodbridge on December 20th and has since tested positive for rabies. – See http://manassas.patch.com/groups/police-and-fire/p/cat-with-rabies-found-in-prince-william-county

 

CANADA: Health officials report TRICHINOSIS outbreak in northern QUEBEC ~ CANADA: Alert issued after BOBCAT attacks two DOGS in BRITISH COLUMBIA ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: COYOTES that attacked COLORADAN last week not RABID ~ EEE & WNV reports from AR, CA, IN, KY, LA, MS, & NY ~ RABIES reports from GA, IA, NJx2, NC, PA, SCx2, & VA.

Polar bear. Photo by Ansgar Walk. Wikimedia Commons.

Polar bear. Photo by Ansgar Walk. Wikimedia Commons.

Canada:

220-inukjuak-mapQuebec 10/22/13 cbc.ca/news: Health officials are reporting an outbreak of trichinosis in Inukjuak. Since early October, about 15 people have exhibited symptoms of the illness caused by a parasite sometimes found in the raw meat of animals Including walrus and polar bear. No official source of the outbreak has been identified but the health department is investigating. In the meantime they are advising people to fully cook their meat to kill the parasite before consuming it. – http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/trichinosis-outbreak-in-inukjuak-que-1.2187320

Canada:

bobcat3WiscDNRBritish Columbia 10/22/13 District of Squamish: Officials have confirmed that a bobcat attacked two off-leash dogs in separate incidents on October 22nd along a trail near Garibaldi Highlands. Both attacks occurred in the morning at the south end of Jack’s Trail. – See http://www.squamishchief.com/article/20131022/SQUAMISH0101/131029996/-1/squamish/update-caution-urged-after-bobcat-attacks-dogs

Follow-Up Report:

(See Three COYOTES attack COLORADAN walking to work – posted October 17, 2013)

coyote.88f7.Bing.freeuselicColorado 10/23/13 thedenverchannel.com/news: by Deb Stanley – Three coyotes that attacked a man in Niwot last week have tested negative for rabies. Andrew Dickehage said he was walking before sunrise when he heard what he thought was a bunny rustling in a bush, but when he turned his flashlight on a nearby bush, he was attacked. “I shined the flashlight and before I could finish turning and pointing it at the brush, that’s when the initial impact happened,” Dickehage said. “At that point, I felt severe agony throughout my hand and I looked down and it [the coyote] wouldn’t let go.” Dickehage said as he was fighting off the first coyote with his flashlight, the other two attacked. He managed to stay on his feet until the attack stop and the coyotes ran off. – For complete article see http://www.thedenverchannel.com/news/local-news/wildlife-officials-coyotes-that-attacked-niwot-man-did-not-have-rabies

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Little_River_County.ARArkansas 10/22/13 Little River County: Hospital officials have confirmed that an Ashdown teenager being treated for what is believed to be a rare human case of EEE died on October 22nd. – See article and video at http://www.ksla.com/story/23753290/ar-teen-with-suspected-eastern-equine-encaphalitis-dies

07cd7361057a7994e7e590e1fb0d3868ed6ff5ad-1California 10/21/13 Los Angeles County: Officials have confirmed the county’s 7th WNV-related human fatality. Three fatalities have been confirmed in the past week. All were men – two from South Los Angeles and one from the San Fernando Valley – and all had pre-existing health conditions. – See http://manhattanbeach.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/7-dead-due-to-west-nile-virus-county-confirms_8e79c5d4

Vigo-County.INIndiana 10/21/13 Vigo County: A human WNV-related fatality in the state reported earlier neglected to mention that it occurred in Vigo County. – See http://wibqfm.com/news/articles/2013/oct/21/indianas-first-west-nile-death-from-vigo-county/

Carlisle_County_KYKentucky 10/21/13 Carlisle County: A horse stabled in the county is the second to test positive for EEE in the state this year. – See http://www.thehorse.com/articles/32742/kentucky-reports-second-equine-eee-case-of-2013

LA-DHHLouisiana 10/18/13 LA Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed the state’s third WNV-related death this year. The report is from Rapides Parish, and is the second death this year from Rapides Parish. In addition, the health department is also confirming three new WNV human cases this week, bringing this year’s total number of cases to 51. This week’s new infections include two cases of neuro-invasive disease in Lafayette Parish and one case of neuro-invasive in Ouachita Parish. – See http://www.dhh.louisiana.gov/index.cfm/newsroom/detail/2899

MS_71058_121809421211160_5406251_nMississippi 10/21/13 MS Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed three new human cases of WNV for 2013. The cases were reported in Forrest, Lamar, and Rankin counties, bringing the state total for 2013 to 43 human cases, including two deaths. – For locations of all other cases and other information see http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/_static/23,14422,341.html

Oswego_County_svgNYNew York 10/21/13 Oswego County: Officials have confirmed a human case of WNV in one of the county’s senior residents.  – See http://www.cnycentral.com/news/story.aspx?id=961428#.UmcKKBAljM1

Rabies:

raccoon - CopyGeorgia 10/17/13 Henry County: A raccoon killed by a dog on Chafin Drive in the Kelleytown area of McDonough has tested positive for rabies. – See http://neighbornewspapers.com/view/full_story/23872771/article-Rabies-warning-issued-for-McDonough?instance=all

road_sign_need_helpIowa 10/19/13 Washington County: Police in the town of Washington are searching for a dog they say bit a person late last week. Officers received a report of the incident just before 9 p.m. Friday and they’re searching for a brown dog that resembles a pit bull. Authorities need to find the dog to ensure its rabies vaccination is current otherwise the person bitten will have to undergo a series of rabies shots. Anyone with information is asked to call police at 319-653-2107. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/49d604c98fd64594b1628d8bbfdbb719/IA–Search-for-Dog

cityOfCarrolltonTXNew Jersey 10/21/13 Atlantic County: A raccoon found in the 100 block of South New Road in Absecon last week has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.nbc40.net/story/23751069/sixth-case-of-rabies-confirmed-in-atlantic-county

New Jersey 10/18/13 Mercer County: A skunk found on Temple Terrace in Lawrence Township has tested positive for rabies. The skunk was in contact with neighborhood pets. – See havahart-skunk_120http://lawrenceville.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/skunk-in-lawrence-township-tests-positive-for-rabies

North Carolina 10/17/13 Orange County: A skunk found in a Hillsborough resident’s outdoor dog kennel, has tested positive for rabies. Her dogs have been vaccinated. – See http://www.wral.com/skunk-is-11th-case-of-rabies-in-orange-county/13012716/

450px-Treed_RaccoonsPennsylvania 10/22/13 Delaware County: Two raccoons found in Radnor Township have tested positive for rabies in the past two weeks. One was in the 700 block of Bryn Mawr Avenue, and a second less than a mile away in the 600 block of S. Hunt Road. – See http://mainlinemedianews.com/articles/2013/10/22/main_line_suburban_life/news/doc5266ae9416bea044225119.txt

rabies.warningSouth Carolina 10/22/13 Fairfield County: A dog that was in contact with two people in the Winnsboro area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wltx.com/news/article/253791/2/Dog-Exposes-Two-People-to-Rabies

thumbnailCAMJ7KZ8South Carolina 10/18/13 Oconee County: A skunk that came in contact with a woman in the Westminster area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.foxcarolina.com/story/23729842/oconee-co-woman-expsed-to-rabies-from-skunk

1433850718_c3e303fca7Virginia 10/18/13 Peninsula Health District: A raccoon killed by a dog in the Colony and Putney roads area of Newport News has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wavy.com/news/local/newport-news/rabid-raccoon-killed-by-dog-in-nn

CANADIAN’s cellphone helps him survive POLAR BEAR attack ~ FOLLOW-UP: OREGON celebrity WOLF OR-7 may have found a home ~ 2nd case of BUBONIC PLAGUE found in NEW MEXICAN girl ~ WNV reports from MS, NH, NM, OK, SD, & TX ~ RABIES reports from CA, FL, MD, & CANADA: ONTARIO.

Courtesy National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration.

Courtesy National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration.

Canada:

Manitoba 09/09/13 Northern Region: A man who used his cellphone to scare off a 180-kilogram polar bear says he’s lucky to be alive with only a few superficial puncture wounds and scratches. Garett Kolsun was walking home early Saturday morning in the Hudson Bay community of Churchill, Man. – known as the polar bear capital of the world – after celebrating the end of the work week with friends. He said he caught something out of the corner of his eye while he walked down the town’s main drag. “I turned and looked, and it was a polar bear charging toward me,” Mr. Kolsun, 40, said in an interview Monday. “I started running from it, looking for some place to go and get away from this bear.” Businesses in the town of about 1,000 were all closed, so Mr. Kolsun had nowhere to hide. “I stopped and I turned around to face the bear,” he said. “It was already there, right on top of me. I started shouting, yelling, screaming, waving my arms, running backwards to keep my eye on the bear.”

church_map-2-300Mr. Kolsun said he ended up trapped on the porch of a bakery with the bear he believes was still young because of its size. It pinned him against the door and swiped at him with his paw. The bruin, which stood about 1 1/2 metres tall, also sank his teeth into Mr. Kolsun’s hip, although he says that, at the time, he didn’t even realize the bear had punctured his skin. “The bear’s nose was inches away from me. I didn’t know where else to go. I was just [thinking], ‘What can I do to get away from this bear?’ That’s all I kept thinking about. I didn’t want to be a stat.” Mr. Kolsun fished into his pocket and pulled out his cellphone. He turned the power on and turned the screen toward the bear. “I was hoping anything I would do would give me an opportunity to get away from it,” he explained. “I was trying anything at that point. I was screaming, yelling, waving my arms, trying everything and it just kept chasing me and chasing me. I was just hoping for the best and, luckily, it worked.” The lit screen startled the bear briefly and it took a step back, Mr. Kolsun said. It hit a flower pot on the porch and looked away for an instant. “When it turned its head,” he said, “I just turned and ran as fast as I could.”

Churchill, Manitoba.

Churchill, Manitoba.

Mr. Kolsun said he ran several blocks, looking for a home with its lights on. He saw some people sitting on a deck and ran to them. When he turned around, the polar bear was gone. “The bear had stopped chasing me some place along the way there,” he said. Mr. Kolsun took a cab to the health centre where staff cleaned his wounds, bandaged them and gave him a tetanus shot. He was released several hours later. – For complete article see http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/how-this-mans-cellphone-saved-him-during-polar-bear-attack/article14198647/?cmpid=rss1

Follow-Up:

Wolf:

(See Celebrity GRAY WOLF OR-7 returns to OREGON posted March 17, 2013)

Gray wolf. Photo by Ashley McPherson. Wikimedia Commons. Image not of OR-7.

Gray wolf. Photo by Ashley McPherson. Wikimedia Commons. Image not of OR-7.

Oregon 09/09/13 opb.org:by Geoff Norcross – The wolf known as “OR-7” appears to have found a home. The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife says the wandering gray wolf has spent the summer in Southeast Jackson County and Southwest Klamath County. “What that tells you is, I think, he’s found some good habitat,” says Michelle Dennehy, Wildlife Communications Coordinator for ODFW. It’s a rare bit of stability for a wolf whose travels have caught the imagination of at least two states. In September of 2011, OR-7 left the Imnaha Pack in Northeast Oregon and wandered hundreds of miles across the Cascades, becoming the first confirmed wolf sighted west of the mountains since 1937. He’s been roaming around Southern Oregon and Northern California ever since. Officials believe OR-7 came to the region to find a mate. There’s no evidence he’s been successful. But he’s young – nearly 3.5 years old – and he may not be alone. Dennehy says, “Where there’s one wolf, there’s another.” “Of course, everyone would like to see OR-7 mate,” she says. “And you know what? It could happen.” – For photo slideshow and original article see http://www.opb.org/news/article/wandering-wolf-or-7-appears-to-have-found-a-home/

Bubonic Plague:

rodents&fleacarriersNew Mexico 09/10/13 NM Dept of Health: Officials announced today a probable case of plague in an 11-year-old girl from Torrance County. Preliminary test results at the Department’s Scientific Laboratory Division were positive. Confirmatory testing is pending. This is the second human case of plague in New Mexico and in the United States this year. An environmental investigation will take place at the girl’s home to look for ongoing risk to others in the surrounding area. “Everyone needs to avoid sick or dead rodents and rabbits, and their nests and burrows,” said Department of Health Secretary Retta Ward, MPH. “Families should also talk to their veterinarian about an appropriate flea product for their pets” Plague is a bacterial disease of rodents and is generally transmitted to humans through the bites of infected fleas, but can also be transmitted by direct contact with infected animals, including rodents, wildlife and pets. – For complete news release see http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20130910-HumanPlague-EN.pdf

West Nile Virus (WNV):

MS_71058_121809421211160_5406251_nMississippi 09/09/13 MS Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed four new human cases of WNV for 2013. The reported cases are in Hinds (2), Lamar, and Rankin counties, bringing the state total for 2013 to 27 cases, including one death. So far this year, cases have been reported in Bolivar, Forrest (3), Hinds (9), Jones, Lamar (3), Leflore (2), Lincoln, Lowndes, Madison, Marion, Rankin (3) and Wayne counties. – See http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/_static/23,14263,341.html

nh-medicaidNew Hampshire 09/10/13 NH Dept of Health: Officials have announced the first human case of WNV this season in an adult from Chesterfield who is in recovery. – See http://www.dhhs.nh.gov/media/pr/2013/09-sept/09102013westnile.htm

NM_image_miniNew Mexico 09/06/13 NM Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed that an 84-year-old woman from San Juan County has died from WNV infection. This is the second death due to WNV in New Mexico in 2013. The woman had encephalitis, the more severe clinical form of the disease. – See http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20130906-WestNile-EN.pdf

OK_State_Health_Department_logoOklahoma 09/05/13 OCCHD: Officials have confirmed one death in Oklahoma County due to a WNV infection. The death occurred in an individual over 70-years-old. Three other human cases of WNV in the county have been confirmed as well. – See https://www.occhd.org/articles/occhd-confirms-west-nile-virus-death

SouthDakotaDOHSouth Dakota 09/09/13 SD Dept of Health: 87 human cases of WNV disease, including 2 deaths, have been reported in the following counties:  Brown 17, Beadle 5, Brookings 5, Hughes 5, Spink 5, Brule 3, Charles Mix 3, Davison 3, Day 3, Minnehaha 3, Buffalo 2, Clark 2, Codington 2, Corson 2, Faulk 2, Jones 2, Meade 2, Pennington 2, Sanborn 2 and 1 case each in Butte, Dewey, Edmunds, Jackson, Jerauld, Lawrence, Lincoln, Lyman, Marshall, McPherson, Mellette, Miner, Moody, Tripp, Turner, Walworth, Yankton. – See http://doh.sd.gov/documents/diseases/infectious/WNVupdate.pdf

TX-DSHS_Logo2Texas 09/10/13 TX Dept of Health: As of this date the state web site confirms 31 human cases of WNV in 18 counties including Anderson, Angelina, Carson, Coke, Collin-3, Dallas-4, Denton, El Paso-3, Floyd, Glasscock, Guadalupe, Howard-4, Jefferson, Johnson, Lubbock, Montgomery-2, Nueces, Stephens, and Tarrant-2. There have been no WNV-related fatalities reported so far this year. – See http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/idcu/disease/arboviral/westNile/

Rabies:

neverbarehandedsmCalifornia 09/10/13 Orange County: A bat found on the ground at shelter #7 in Laguna Niguel Regional Park on September 7th has tested positive for rabies. Anyone who had recent contact with a bat in that vicinity is advised to seek immediate medical advice. – See http://www.oc-breeze.com/2013/09/10/38721_bat-found-at-laguna-niguel-regional-park-tests-positive-for-rabies/

Not an image of the kitten referred to in this article.

Not an image of the kitten referred to in this article.

Florida 09/09/13 Palm Beach County: A stray kitten found near Lake Park in the 9000 block of Old Dixie Highway has tested positive for rabies. The kitten had bite wounds and was taken in by a rescue person but later it became ill and died. The care giver has begun a series of post-exposure rabies shots. – See http://www.wbzt.com/articles/1290-wjno-local-news-wire-120981/health-dept-rabies-confirmed-in-lake-11636751/

HELP (2)Maryland 09/09/13 Frederick County: Frederick County Animal Control is looking for the owner of a dog that bit a five-year-old child on Saturday morning. Officials say the incident occurred inside the Home Depot store on McCain Drive in Frederick at around 11:40 AM. The unidentified black and tan German Shepherd was inside the store with its male owner. Anyone who has information on this dog and its owner is asked to call Frederick County Animal Control at 301-600-1717, or 301-600-1544. – See http://www.wfmd.com/pages/localnews2.html?feed=119935&article=11638339

Canada:

2e236ffb436644c2OntarioOntario 09/09/13 ON Ministry of Natural Resources: Ontario is continuing one of the most successful rabies eradication programs in North America by distributing 255,000 baits containing rabies vaccine this summer. The vaccine will control the spread of rabies in skunks and foxes and help continue to keep Ontario raccoons free of rabies. The baits will be distributed throughout southwestern Ontario; in the Niagara region between Welland Canal and Niagara River, including Navy Island; in Brockville, on Wolfe, Howe, Simcoe, and Hill islands in St. Lawrence River; as well as small areas on the mainland near Prescott and Ivy Lea. The flavoured baits immunize most skunks, foxes and raccoons that eat them. – For complete release see http://news.ontario.ca/mnr/en/2013/08/rabies-vaccine-bait-drop-protects-ontarians-2.html

FOLLOW-UP REPORT: WOLF that attacked camper in MINNESOTA had abnormalities ~ FLORIDA now confirms 8 human cases of DENGUE FEVER ~ HANTAVIRUS reports from CALIFORNIA & CANADA: ALBERTA ~ EEE & WNV reports from CT, MA, NY, & CANADA: ONTARIO ~ RABIES reports from IL, MD, NJ, NC, & WV.

Photo courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Photo courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

 

Follow-Up Report:

(See – MINNESOTA teenager attacked by WOLF – posted August 28, 2013)

MI-DNRMinnesota 08/27/13 MN Public Radio: The wolf that was the likely culprit in an attack on a teenager in northern Minnesota had abnormalities in its jaw that would have made it difficult to capture and kill prey, state officials said. The 75-pound wolf was captured and killed on Monday morning following the attack early Saturday morning at the West Winnie Campground on the shores of Lake Winnibigoshish. The animal is being tested for rabies, and officials hope to confirm that it was the wolf that bit the 16-year-old boy, said Tom Provost, regional manager of the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources’ enforcement division. The boy was treated for a cut on his head and puncture wounds on his face. Provost said that the wolf’s jaw was deformed, and it was missing one if its primary canine teeth. “There is a thought that if it was the offending animal, that it was struggling to feed itself in the normal wolf manner,” Provost said. “It would have really struggled with capturing and killing prey.”

mpr_logoSuch a wolf might also have been rejected by its pack, Provost said. The wolf that was captured was likely an opportunistic feeder — initial analysis of the wolf’s gut showed it had eaten fish that had likely washed up on the lake’s shoreline, he said. “This gentleman was laying right next to the shoreline,” Provost said. “We’re thinking right now that if this was the offending animal, he was reacting in an opportunistic manner.” The attack was the first documented wolf attack ever in the state, the DNR said. Provost said the attack was unprovoked, but in general DNR officials recommend people secure food that might attract bears, wolves and other wildlife. “It likely associated the campground with the opportunity to grab a free meal,” Provost said. – Reported online at http://minnesota.publicradio.org/display/web/2013/08/27/environment/dnr-wolf-that-likely-attacked-teen-had-abnormalities

norabiesMinnesota 08/29/13 MN Dept of Natural Resources: A gray wolf that wildlife experts suspect bit a 16-year-old boy during  the early hours of Aug. 24 at the U.S. Forest Service West Winnie Campground at Lake Winnibigoshish has tested negative for rabies. – See http://news.dnr.state.mn.us/2013/08/29/wolf-believed-to-have-bitten-teen-tests-negative-for-rabies/#more-12972

Dengue Fever:

indexv889v6Florida 08/27/13 FL Dept of Health: Officials have now confirmed a total of eight human cases of Dengue Fever, with seven cases located in Martin County and one case in Miami-Dade County. – For complete release and precautions see http://newsroom.doh.state.fl.us/wp-content/uploads/newsroom/2013/05/082713DENGUEFEVER.pdf

Hantavirus:

imagesCAWMH0VUCalifornia 08/28/13 Inyo County: A 14-year-old male resident of Bishop has been diagnosed with Hantavirus and transported by LifeLine to UC Davis Children’s Hospital where he is recovering. His father said physicians resorted to a special heart and lung machine reserved for the most critical cases but managed to pull the boy through. The boy’s mother believes her son might have contracted the disease while exploring a mining cave near their home. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is a respiratory illness that comes from contact with the feces, saliva or urine of rodents. – See http://www.mercedsunstar.com/2013/08/28/3189637/bishop-teen-survives-rare-hantavirus.html

Canada:

Deer mouse. Common carrier of hantavirus.

Deer mouse. Common carrier of hantavirus.

Alberta 08/27/13 AL Health Services: Following confirmation of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome in an individual from a rural community in Central Zone, Alberta Health Services is advising area residents, and all Albertans, to take simple precautions to protect themselves. “Because humans can be exposed to Hantavirus when the urine or feces of an infected rodent – such as a mouse – become airborne, anyone who disturbs areas of mice or mice droppings can be at risk,” says Dr. Ifeoma Achebe, Medical Officer of Health – Central Zone. – See http://www.albertahealthservices.ca/8939.asp

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

DPH-Color_biggerConnecticut 08/29/13 CT Dept of Public Health: Officials announced today that a Stratford resident between 60-69 years of age is the first human case of WNV in the state this year. – See http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?a=4386&Q=531052   08/30/13 Mosquitoes trapped in Hampton on August 26th have tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?A=4386&Q=531158

MA_220px-MADPH_LogoMassachusetts 08/28/13 MA Dept of Health: Officials have announced the second human case of WNV in the state this year. The man is a resident of Norfolk County in his 30s diagnosed late this month. He was hospitalized, but has since been discharged. – See http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/gov/newsroom/press-releases/dph/second-human-case-of-west-nile-virus-announced.html    08/29/13 The threat level for EEE has been raised to “High” in four communities including Easton, Raynham, Taunton, and West Bridgewater. – See http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/gov/newsroom/press-releases/dph/eee-risk-level-4-communities.html

mq1MCHD354k4New York 08/27/13 Madison County: Health officials announced today that a pool of mosquitoes trapped on Moore Road in Sullivan have tested positive for EEE. Two pools of mosquitoes trapped in the same Black Creek area tested positive for WNV earlier this month. – See http://www.healthymadisoncounty.org/linkeddocs/newsarchive/2013/35-13eee1st.pdf

Canada:

Z.SIMCOE.Cty.CANADAOntario 08/28/13 Simcoe County: Officials have confirmed a horse that had an incomplete vaccination history has tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.standardbredcanada.ca/notices/8-28-13/eee-confirmed-ontario.html

 

Rabies:

Cat-and-BatIllinois 08/28/13 Cook County: A bat brought to a home in the 16400 block of Beverly Avenue in Tinley Park by a family pet cat has tested positive for rabies. – See http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2013-08-28/news/ct-tl-0905-s-tinley-park-bat-discovered-20130828_1_rabid-pat-carr-rabies-control

rabidcatMaryland 08/28/13 Washington County: A kitten found in the Greenwich Drive area of the Sterling Oaks Development in Williamsport has tested positive for rabies. The kitten is described as all black with no stripes or other distinguishing markings. Based on the size of the kitten, it was considered to be approximately 6 to 7 months old, the health department said. Anyone who may have had contact with this kitten should immediately seek medical advice. – See http://www.herald-mail.com/news/local/hm-kitten-found-in-williamsport-tests-positive-for-rabies-20130828,0,729460.story

imagesCA2WR1SQNew Jersey 08/29/13 Camden County: A skunk killed by a vaccinated dog in Cherry Hill on August 25th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.nj.com/camden/index.ssf/2013/08/skunk_found_in_cherry_hill_tests_positive_for_rabies.html

BatsNetcoreCanadaNorth Carolina 08/28/13 Cumberland County: Two more bats picked up in Fayetteville have tested positive for rabies. One was found in the 7100 block of Riddle Road, off Yarborough Road, and the other at Melvin Place, off Rosehill Road, where two dead bats tested positive for the virus last month. – See http://www.wral.com/two-more-bats-test-positive-for-rabies-in-cumberland-county/12823727/

West-virginia-county-mapWest Virginia 08/28/13 wboy.com: by Andrew Clay – The U.S. Department of Agriculture has started conducting a bait drop of oral rabies vaccines across much of the state. The involved WV counties may include, Barbour, Braxton, Brooke, Doddridge, Fayette, Greenbrier, Hancock, Harrison, Lewis, Marion, Marshall, McDowell, Mercer, Monroe, Nicholas, Ohio, Pocahontas, Raleigh, Randolph, Ritchie, Summers, Taylor, Tyler, Upshur, Webster, Wetzel and Wyoming. – See http://www.wboy.com/story/23280038/usda-conducting-bait-drop-of-oral-rabies-vaccines-in-local-areas