Category Archives: Follow-Up Reports

World traveler hospitalized in MINNESOTA with LASSA FEVER ~ UTAH confirms case of HANTAVIRUS ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: OREGON’s celebrity WOLF OR-7 may soon exit stage ~ RABIES reports from AZ, AR, CT, FL, GA, MD, NJ, NCx2, PA, SCx2 & VA.

Rat. Bing free use license.

Rat. Bing free use license.

Minnesota 04/04/14 medpagetoday.com: by Michael Smith – A man is in stable condition in a Minnesota hospital with Lassa fever after returning from a trip to West Africa, where an outbreak of Ebola virus is now raging. The Minnesota Department of Health said the man flew to Minneapolis-St. Paul on March 31 and soon after his arrival visited a physician. Because of his travel history and symptoms, the doctor suspected a possible hemorrhagic fever. The man was admitted to the hospital with fever and confusion and CDC testing confirmed a diagnosis of Lassa fever on April 3, the department and the CDC said in separate statements. “This imported case is a reminder that we are all connected by international travel,” CDC Director Tom Frieden, MD, said in a statement. “A disease anywhere can appear anywhere else in the world withinhours.”

Air routes connecting to and from Africa.

Air routes connecting to and from Africa.

Lassa fever is rarely seen in the U.S., with only seven cases recorded, the latest in 2010, according to the CDC. The agency reported that preliminary information suggests the man flew from West Africa to New York City and on to Minneapolis on another flight. The agency did not say where in West Africa the trip started. The CDC is working with public health officials and airlines to identify anyone who might have had close contact with the infected person, although Lassa fever is not easily spread from human to human. “Casual contact is not a risk factor for getting Lassa fever,” said Barbara Knust, DVM, a CDC epidemiologist in the lab that tested the patient’s blood for Lassa virus. “People will not get this infection just because they were on the same airplane or in the same airport,” she said in a statement.

RatthumbnailCANGBSFFThe Lassa virus is carried by rodents and transmitted to humans through contact with urine or droppings, but in some cases people can catch it from another person through direct contact with blood or bodily fluids, the mucous membranes, or sexual contact. “Given what we know about how Lassa virus is spread to people, the risk to other travelers and members of the public is extremely low,” Martin Cetron, MD, of the CDC’s Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, said in a statement. Between 100,000 and 300,000 cases of Lassa fever occur in West Africa each year, with up to 5,000 deaths. – For complete article see http://www.medpagetoday.com/InfectiousDisease/GeneralInfectiousDisease/45120?isalert=1&uun=g632000d1042R5753012u&utm_source=breaking-news&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=breaking-news&xid=NL_breakingnews_2014-04-04

Author’s Note: For more information on Lassa Fever see http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/lassa/

Hantavirus:

imagesCAULAVUQUtah 04/04/14 kcsg.com: The Southwest Utah Public Health Department (SWUPHD) has confirmed a case of hantavirus infection in Kane County. Hantavirus incidences are rare in the five-county region, with the last case being reported four years ago in Iron County. The virus is found in the droppings, urine, and saliva of rodents, usually deer-mice. “This time of year, a lot of people start spring cleaning in places where rodent droppings are found; such as sheds, barns, and cabins,” says Dr. David Blodgett, SWUPHD Health Officer. “If hantavirus is present, it can be inhaled and cause respiratory illness within a few weeks.” Hantavirus infection, called Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, starts with flu-like symptoms followed by difficulty breathing and can be life-threatening. Treatment includes intensive hospital care to deal with the respiratory distress. Hantavirus is not known to spread person-to-person. – For complete article and precautions see http://www.kcsg.com/view/full_story/24877415/article-Hantavirus-Infection-in-Southwest-Utah?instance=more_local_news1

Follow-Up Report:

Wolf OR-7:

(See previous posts dated 11/12/11, through 12/13/13)

graywolfNPRphotoOregon 03/29/14 missoulian.com: The wandering wolf dubbed OR-7 has enjoyed well over his 15 minutes of fame. But even with continued public interest, he could soon fade from the spotlight. The Global Positioning System collar that has sent regular electronic pulses to reveal his travels for the past three years has eclipsed its normal life span, and state and federal biologists don’t plan to replace it. “When that collar dies, we’ll never know his fate,” Rob Klavins of the conservation group Oregon Wild told the Mail Tribune newspaper. “But that could be OK. It’s good to have a little mystery in the world.“ The wolf gained celebrity status in 2011 after leaving a pack in northeastern Oregon, days after the state issued a kill order for his father and a sibling for preying on livestock.

wolfMost Oregon wolves on such journeys, called dispersals, have stayed in northeast Oregon or traveled to Idaho. The young wolf headed west with the tracking satellite following his moves as he fruitlessly searched for a mate. He became the first confirmed wolf in western Oregon since the last one was killed under a livestock-protection bounty program in 1937. He then crossed a state line and became California’s only confirmed wolf since 1924. He wandered throughout Northern California and almost traveled into Nevada before retracing his steps to southern Oregon, where he’s spending his time near Mount McLoughlin. The wolf will not be re-collared because biologists prefer to collar breeding pairs or members of packs. Collaring can be dangerous and time-consuming, and biologists would rather collar animals in other packs not sporting GPS collars to get information on their whereabouts and habits instead of an established bachelor like OR-7. – See this article at http://missoulian.com/news/state-and-regional/oregon-wandering-wolf-s-signal-ready-to-fade/article_15a8644a-b6ac-11e3-aef0-001a4bcf887a.html. See 3/22/14 companion article about a group retracing the path of wandering Oregon wolf OR-7 at http://missoulian.com/news/state-and-regional/group-retracing-trek-of-wandering-oregon-wolf-or/article_bad003c8-b121-11e3-bc24-001a4bcf887a.html

Rabies:

a898778rabies-alertArizona 04/04/14 Santa Cruz County: Officials have announced that the entire county is under quarantine after an outbreak of rabies reached record-breaking levels. The quarantine order, effective through December 31st, was issued after 23 positive cases of rabies were reported since January 1st of this year. The county recorded only 12 cases in all of 2013. – See http://www.nogalesinternational.com/news/county-now-under-rabies-quarantine/article_1a9ef380-bc0e-11e3-a7b0-0019bb2963f4.html

323rabies-skunk_mediumArkansas 04/01/14 Pulaski County: A skunk that was observed behaving strangely near the 800 block of Buttercup in North Little Rock‘s Levy neighborhood has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.arkansasmatters.com/story/d/story/rabies-warning-in-north-little-rock/59358/GB4-wF9jxECoaYCA8PI3Gw

Connecticut 04/02/14 Hartford County: A raccoon that fought with two vaccinated dogs on Rogers Lane in Enfield on March 26th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.journalinquirer.com/towns/enfield/raccoon-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-enfield/article_84f6f590-ba68-11e3-acb9-001a4bcf887a.html

17858296_BG1Florida 03/29/14 Hernando County: A raccoon that fought with a vaccinated dog on Sun Hill Lane in Brooksville has tested positive for rabies. – See http://tbo.com/health/rabid-raccoon-reported-in-east-brooksville-20140329/

Georgia 04/02/14 Hall County: A raccoon that fought with a dog on Bowen Bridge Road in the Clermont area is the fourth wild animal in the county to test positive for rabies so far this year. – See http://www.accessnorthga.com/detail.php?n=273283

17907533_240X180Maryland 03/31/14 Prince George’s County: A fox removed from the 4000 block of Woodrow Lane in Bowie on March 21st has tested positive for rabies. – See http://laurel.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/fox-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-bowie

raccoonrabid113524New Jersey 04/01/14 Atlantic County: A raccoon removed from the backyard of a resident in the 4000 block of Ridge Avenue in Egg Harbor Township is the third animal to test positive for rabies in the township so far this year. – See http://www.shorenewstoday.com/snt/news/index.php/egg-harbor-twp/eht-general-news/50867-third-case-of-rabies-found-in-egg-harbor-township.html

rabiesAlert521d4-1North Carolina 04/04/14 Cleveland County: Eighteen people are being treated for potential exposure to rabies after a Good Samaritan in the town of Lawndale adopted one of two puppies that were abandoned and were wandering along Elam Road. The adopted puppy began acting sickly and when brought to a clinic was diagnosed with and tested positive for the virus. Making matters worse, the other puppy ran away. Officials are warning area residents who might have been in contact with either of the puppies to seek immediate medical attention. – See http://www.wsmv.com/story/25158263/stray-puppies-leave-cleveland-co-neighbors-owing-thousands-of-dollars-in-medical-bills

320x240North Carolina 03/28/14 Cumberland County: A bat found between Pamalee Drive and Murhison Road in Fayetteville has tested positive for rabies. This is the 3rd case of the virus to be confirmed in the county this year. – See http://www.fayobserver.com/news/local/article_1026ca27-0ce1-51f8-9ed6-2af733ba68ac.html

Rabid-Fox---26690055Pennsylvania 04/02/14 Montgomery County: A fox that was killed by a resident’s unvaccinated dog on the 2000 block of Weber Road in Worcester Township has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.timesherald.com/general-news/20140402/montgomery-county-health-department-confirms-fox-positive-for-rabies-in-worcester

Cat-RabiesSouth Carolina 04/01/14 Laurens County: A stray cat found in or near the town of Gray Court has tested positive for rabies. At least one person has been advised to seek treatment for possible exposure to the virus. – See http://www.independentmail.com/news/2014/apr/01/cat-exposes-person-rabies-laurens-county/

South Carolina 03/29/14 Aiken County: A man in his 20s has been advised to seek post-expsosure treatment for rabies after a raccoon entered his home on Limerick Drive in Aiken and scratched his face. The raccoon has since tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.aikenstandard.com/article/20140329/AIK0101/140329342/1004/man-recommended-to-undergo-treatment-after-rabies-exposure

crittersVirginia 04/04/14 Prince William Health District: A cat found on March 31st near Forest Glen Road in Woodbridge between Horner Road and Hylton Avenue has tested positive for rabies. And in Nokesville, four raccoons and a skunk have tested positive for the virus since July of 2013. A Rabies Alert has been issued for both communities. – See http://www.insidenova.com/health/health-district-warns-residents-about-rabies-in-woodbridge-nokesville/article_a439195c-bc3d-11e3-947e-0019bb2963f4.html

MOUNTAIN LION behaving aggressively toward people in CALIFORNIA park ~ Follow-Up Report: MOUNTAIN LION returns to Fontana, CALIFORNIA ~ MISSOURI cautiously optimistic that efforts to check CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE are working ~ RABIES reports from GA, TX, & VA.

Mountain lion. Bing free use license.

Mountain lion. Bing free use license.

California 03/08/14 thereporter.com: by Catherine Mijs – Vacaville parkgoers got more than they bargained for Friday evening: Several reported hair-raising run-ins with a mountain lion that has frequented Lagoon Valley Park in the last few weeks, officials said. With four sightings between 6 and 7 p.m., including one instance where the powerful predator came within 25 feet of people and “growled,” Vacaville police began making efforts to contact California Department of Fish and Wildlife officials to help corral the cougar, said Sgt. Charlie Spruill. According to Spruill, the mountain lion was also spotted in the hills across the road from the dog park, going toward Hidden Grove — about 25 yards from the walking path. On Feb. 21, the city of Vacaville issued a warning to parkgoers, urging them to be on the lookout for the lion following several sightings by local residents on trails near Lagoon Valley and by other hikers near Cherry Glen Road. Temporary signs were posted at the park’s trailheads, advising hikers of what to do if they encountered a mountain lion. Friday’s encounters, however, were much more aggressive than the initial glimpses that were reported to authorities. – For complete article see http://www.thereporter.com/news/ci_25302322/mountain-lion-growls-at-people-vacavilles-lagoon-valley?source=most_viewed

Follow-Up Report:

(See MOUNTAIN LION kills 100 lb German Shepherd in CALIFORNIA family’s backyard posted 03/08/14)

s_mountain-lion-0002 (2)California 03/10/14 nbclosangeles.com: Mountain lion sightings were reported during the weekend in the same community where a big cat attacked and killed a family’s German Sherpherd last week. The sightings in Fontana, about 50 miles east of downtown Los Angeles, were reported Saturday within about 30 minutes. The first report came from a resident who saw the mountain lion walking north of Edmonton Street near Regina Way Saturday morning. Officers in a helicopter later found the animal under power lines northwest of Reservoir Road near Edmonton Street. “The officers in the helicopter lost sight of the mountain lion and were unable to locate after a lengthy search,” according to a statement from the Fontana Police Department. . . . California Fish and Wildlife officials described the mountain lion’s behavior as “anything but normal” and consider it a significant public safety threat. An animal is considered a public safety threat if there is “a likelihood of human injury based on the totality of the circumstances,” according to the California Department of Fish and Wildlife. The lion’s behavior, proximity to schools and other factors are considered in making that determination. Police have asked residents to keep pets inside, especially during dusk to dawn hours. – For complete article see http://www.nbclosangeles.com/news/local/Mountain-Lion-Sighting-German-Shepherd-Dog-Attack-Fontana-249304501.html

Chronic Wasting Disease:

Whitetail buck. Courtesy MO Dept of Conservation.

Whitetail buck. Courtesy MO Dept of Conservation.

Missouri 03/11/14 mdc.mo.gov: News Release – Following the testing of 3,666 free-ranging deer harvested during and after the 2013 deer-hunting season, the Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) has detected no additional cases of chronic wasting disease (CWD) in Missouri free-ranging deer. The total number of confirmed cases in Missouri free-ranging deer remains limited to 10 found in 2012 and early 2013. All were from a small area of northwest Macon County near where CWD was confirmed in 10 captive deer in 2012 at a private hunting preserve. Missouri’s first case of CWD was discovered in 2010 in a captive deer at private hunting facility in southeast Linn County owned by the same private hunting preserve. “While I am cautiously optimistic that these latest test results suggest our efforts to limit the spread of CWD may be working, the threat of this infectious disease remains significant,” said MDC State Wildlife Veterinarian Kelly Straka. “Therefore, continued surveillance is important.” – For complete release see http://mdc.mo.gov/newsroom/mdc-testing-results-show-no-new-cases-chronic-wasting-disease

Rabies:

raccoon-mom-and-baby-0567Georgia 03/10/14 Barrow County: A raccoon found on Hidden Court off Sims Road in Winder has tested positive for rabies. This is the second rabid raccoon found in Winder in less than one week. The first confirmed case was on Meadowbrook Drive. – See http://www.barrowcountynews.com/section/14/article/22100/

maxresdefaultTexas 03/10/14 Brazos County: A skunk killed by two dogs in their own fenced-in yard in the vicinity of Tabor Road and Dilly Shaw Tap northeast of Bryan has tested positive for rabies. – See http://wtaw.com/2014/03/10/aggieland-humane-society-issues-rabies-advisory/

20040118-RosesRaccoonSkunk(lo) - CopyVirginia  03/10/14 Pittsylvania County: A raccoon found on Tucker Road in Gretna, and a skunk found on Mapleton Road in Callands, Wednesday and Thursday of last week respectively, have both tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.godanriver.com/news/pittsylvania_county/two-rabid-animals-found-in-pittsylvania-county/article_29c80f5c-a8ab-11e3-a9ef-001a4bcf6878.html

 

WEST NILE VIRUS kills 27 BALD EAGLES in UTAH ~ COLORADO town warns residents of MOUNTAIN LIONS ~ CHIKUNGUNYA in the CARIBBEAN poses threat to U.S. ~ Vets say research needed on LYME DISEASE in HORSES ~ RABIES reports from FLx2, & VA.

Bald Eagle. Bing free use license.

Bald Eagle. Bing free use license.

Utah 12/31/13 ctvnews.ca: by Michelle L. Price – The mystery illness that has killed 27 bald eagles in Utah this month appears to be West Nile Virus, state officials said Tuesday. The Utah Division of Wildlife Resources said in a statement that laboratory tests done on some of the first birds found indicate they died from West Nile Virus. Since Dec. 1, officials have found the birds in northern and central Utah. All were either dead or were ill and later died during treatment. The eagles displayed similar symptoms, including head tremors, signs of seizures, weakness in legs and feet and a paralysis of the bird’s wings. Beyond the 27 that have died, officials said five eagles were being treated at a wildlife rehabilitation centre Tuesday. They appeared to be responding well to treatment, officials said. Utah wildlife officials aren’t sure how the eagles caught the virus, but they suspect the birds contracted it by eating Eared Grebes that were infected with the virus and died recently.

Eared Grebe.

Eared Grebe.

West Nile Virus, which is spread by mosquitoes, usually infects eagles and other birds during warmer months. Mark Hadley, a Utah Division of Wildlife Resources spokesman, said the grebes, a duck-like aquatic bird, start arriving in Utah in October, when mosquitoes are still active. “It’s possible that those grebes got bit by mosquitoes after they got here when they arrived in the fall, and it just took a while for them to die.” The bald eagles began arriving in November and appeared to have died relatively quickly once they contracted the virus, Hadley said. About 750 to 1,200 bald eagles begin migrating to Utah each November and stay until March, officials said. During those winter months, the eagles get most of their food by eating dead animals, such as grebes.

Flock of Bald eaglesLeslie McFarlane, a wildlife disease coordinator with DWR, said in a statement that there’s still a chance a few more eagles could die, but because the migration period for grebes is almost over, it’s likely that the risk to eagles will soon drop. The birds do not pose a risk to human health but people should not handle eagles if they find them, wildlife officials said. Hadley said that in the 17 years he’s been with DWR, he has never seen this many eagles die off, particularly in such a short period of time. – See http://www.ctvnews.ca/sci-tech/west-nile-virus-caused-27-bald-eagle-deaths-in-december-utah-wildlife-officials-1.1613441

Mountain Lions:

s_mountain-lion-0002Colorado 12/27/13 Douglas County: The town of Parker may be 20 miles from the foothills, but officials sent an e-mail to residents on Thursday warning that mountain lions have been sighted inside the town limits. It cautioned residents not to walk or hike alone, and to make sure children are within sight at all times. – For additional advice see http://www.thedenverchannel.com/news/local-news/parker-issues-warning-after-mountain-lions-spotted

Chikungunya:

Follow-Up Report:

(See CHIKUNGUNYA virus spreads in the AMERICAS posted 12/15/13)

pic_chikungunyaCaribbean Islands 12/30/13 cidrap.umn.edu: by Lisa Schnirring – Health officials are reporting a sharp rise in the number of patients sickened in a chikungunya fever outbreak centered on the Caribbean island of St. Martin, which may signal an increasing risk to the US mainland. On the French part of the island, where most of the infections have been reported, the number of confirmed cases has risen from 26 to 66, according to a Dec 28 update from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). In addition, health officials from the Netherlands have confirmed the first case on the Dutch side of St. Martin (Sint Maarten), and illnesses have been detected on two other nearby islands: three on Martinique and one on Guadeloupe, according to the ECDC report. Both of those islands are south and slightly east of St. Martin. The case in Guadeloupe represents the island’s first documented local chikungunya case, which was detected because of enhanced surveillance for the disease in all French Caribbean territories, the ECDC said. The patient is co-infected with dengue serotype 4 and had not recently traveled to another area where chikungunya exists. Meanwhile, health officials in the area are investigating a slew of suspected and probable cases. They include 167 suspected cases and 14 probable cases on the French side of St. Martin, and two patients have been hospitalized. Martinique has 27 suspected cases, and on the island of St. Barthelemy, 21 suspected cases are under investigation. The outbreak represents the first known indigenous transmission of chikungunya fever in the Americas. – For complete article and precautions see http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2013/12/caribbean-chikungunya-outbreak-grows-poses-threat-us

Lyme Disease:

aaep_logoNational 12/30/13 thehorse.com: by Amy Johnson, DVM – It is hard to get a roomful of people to agree on anything, but just about every veterinarian attending the Lyme disease table topic session at the 2013 American Association of Equine Practitioners convention, held Dec. 7-11 in Nashville, Tenn., agreed that more research is needed on this disease in horses. We do know that Lyme disease is an increasingly recognized problem in people living in areas where the causative organism, Borrelia burgdorferi, is endemic. These areas include the northeast and north-central United States. We also know that Borrelia is capable of infecting horses. Despite only a handful of published case reports describing clinical signs in infected horses, many practitioners in endemic areas are convinced that they see cases of Lyme disease in horses. The most common signs in these cases are behavior changes, lethargy or poor attitude, and change in gait/lameness. Uveitis (inflammation within the eye) and neuroborreliosis (neurologic disease due to Lyme disease) are occasionally seen as well. So if a horse is showing possible signs of Lyme disease, how can it be diagnosed? vetSeveral blood tests are available that will identify antibodies against Borrelia. The presence of antibodies (in an unvaccinated horse) indicates that the horse has been infected with Borrelia at some point in its life. The pattern of antibody production might help to ascertain whether infection is acute or chronic. However, more research is needed regarding patterns of antibody production in infected horses. – For complete article see http://www.thehorse.com/articles/33123/aaep-researchers-discuss-lyme-disease-in-horses

Rabies:

thumbnailCA6WGA0CFlorida 12/31/13 Hamilton County: A bobcat that attacked a dog in Jennings has tested positive for rabies. A Rabies Alert has been issued within the boundaries of CR 141 North, CR 143 North, and CR 146. – See http://www.suwanneedemocrat.com/jasper/x1956145775/Health-officials-in-Hamilton-County-issue-rabies-alert

10975940 - CopyFlorida 12/30/13 Palm Beach County: Two raccoons that attacked dogs in West Palm Beach and Jupiter Farms last week have tested positive for rabies. And a third raccoon that attacked a dog near A1A in Tequesta over the weekend is presumed rabid. – See http://www.palmbeachpost.com/news/news/two-raccoons-that-attacked-dogs-in-west-palm-beach/ncYDM/

337278_koshka_kot_rebenok_ditya_devochka_kosichka_ulybka_2990x2170_(www.GdeFon.ru)Virginia 12/30/13 Prince William County: A domestic cat that appeared to be injured was picked up near Powells Landing Circle in Woodbridge on December 20th and has since tested positive for rabies. – See http://manassas.patch.com/groups/police-and-fire/p/cat-with-rabies-found-in-prince-william-county

 

CANADA: Health officials report TRICHINOSIS outbreak in northern QUEBEC ~ CANADA: Alert issued after BOBCAT attacks two DOGS in BRITISH COLUMBIA ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: COYOTES that attacked COLORADAN last week not RABID ~ EEE & WNV reports from AR, CA, IN, KY, LA, MS, & NY ~ RABIES reports from GA, IA, NJx2, NC, PA, SCx2, & VA.

Polar bear. Photo by Ansgar Walk. Wikimedia Commons.

Polar bear. Photo by Ansgar Walk. Wikimedia Commons.

Canada:

220-inukjuak-mapQuebec 10/22/13 cbc.ca/news: Health officials are reporting an outbreak of trichinosis in Inukjuak. Since early October, about 15 people have exhibited symptoms of the illness caused by a parasite sometimes found in the raw meat of animals Including walrus and polar bear. No official source of the outbreak has been identified but the health department is investigating. In the meantime they are advising people to fully cook their meat to kill the parasite before consuming it. - http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/trichinosis-outbreak-in-inukjuak-que-1.2187320

Canada:

bobcat3WiscDNRBritish Columbia 10/22/13 District of Squamish: Officials have confirmed that a bobcat attacked two off-leash dogs in separate incidents on October 22nd along a trail near Garibaldi Highlands. Both attacks occurred in the morning at the south end of Jack’s Trail. – See http://www.squamishchief.com/article/20131022/SQUAMISH0101/131029996/-1/squamish/update-caution-urged-after-bobcat-attacks-dogs

Follow-Up Report:

(See Three COYOTES attack COLORADAN walking to work – posted October 17, 2013)

coyote.88f7.Bing.freeuselicColorado 10/23/13 thedenverchannel.com/news: by Deb Stanley – Three coyotes that attacked a man in Niwot last week have tested negative for rabies. Andrew Dickehage said he was walking before sunrise when he heard what he thought was a bunny rustling in a bush, but when he turned his flashlight on a nearby bush, he was attacked. “I shined the flashlight and before I could finish turning and pointing it at the brush, that’s when the initial impact happened,” Dickehage said. “At that point, I felt severe agony throughout my hand and I looked down and it [the coyote] wouldn’t let go.” Dickehage said as he was fighting off the first coyote with his flashlight, the other two attacked. He managed to stay on his feet until the attack stop and the coyotes ran off. – For complete article see http://www.thedenverchannel.com/news/local-news/wildlife-officials-coyotes-that-attacked-niwot-man-did-not-have-rabies

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Little_River_County.ARArkansas 10/22/13 Little River County: Hospital officials have confirmed that an Ashdown teenager being treated for what is believed to be a rare human case of EEE died on October 22nd. – See article and video at http://www.ksla.com/story/23753290/ar-teen-with-suspected-eastern-equine-encaphalitis-dies

07cd7361057a7994e7e590e1fb0d3868ed6ff5ad-1California 10/21/13 Los Angeles County: Officials have confirmed the county’s 7th WNV-related human fatality. Three fatalities have been confirmed in the past week. All were men – two from South Los Angeles and one from the San Fernando Valley – and all had pre-existing health conditions. – See http://manhattanbeach.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/7-dead-due-to-west-nile-virus-county-confirms_8e79c5d4

Vigo-County.INIndiana 10/21/13 Vigo County: A human WNV-related fatality in the state reported earlier neglected to mention that it occurred in Vigo County. – See http://wibqfm.com/news/articles/2013/oct/21/indianas-first-west-nile-death-from-vigo-county/

Carlisle_County_KYKentucky 10/21/13 Carlisle County: A horse stabled in the county is the second to test positive for EEE in the state this year. – See http://www.thehorse.com/articles/32742/kentucky-reports-second-equine-eee-case-of-2013

LA-DHHLouisiana 10/18/13 LA Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed the state’s third WNV-related death this year. The report is from Rapides Parish, and is the second death this year from Rapides Parish. In addition, the health department is also confirming three new WNV human cases this week, bringing this year’s total number of cases to 51. This week’s new infections include two cases of neuro-invasive disease in Lafayette Parish and one case of neuro-invasive in Ouachita Parish. – See http://www.dhh.louisiana.gov/index.cfm/newsroom/detail/2899

MS_71058_121809421211160_5406251_nMississippi 10/21/13 MS Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed three new human cases of WNV for 2013. The cases were reported in Forrest, Lamar, and Rankin counties, bringing the state total for 2013 to 43 human cases, including two deaths. – For locations of all other cases and other information see http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/_static/23,14422,341.html

Oswego_County_svgNYNew York 10/21/13 Oswego County: Officials have confirmed a human case of WNV in one of the county’s senior residents.  – See http://www.cnycentral.com/news/story.aspx?id=961428#.UmcKKBAljM1

Rabies:

raccoon - CopyGeorgia 10/17/13 Henry County: A raccoon killed by a dog on Chafin Drive in the Kelleytown area of McDonough has tested positive for rabies. – See http://neighbornewspapers.com/view/full_story/23872771/article-Rabies-warning-issued-for-McDonough?instance=all

road_sign_need_helpIowa 10/19/13 Washington County: Police in the town of Washington are searching for a dog they say bit a person late last week. Officers received a report of the incident just before 9 p.m. Friday and they’re searching for a brown dog that resembles a pit bull. Authorities need to find the dog to ensure its rabies vaccination is current otherwise the person bitten will have to undergo a series of rabies shots. Anyone with information is asked to call police at 319-653-2107. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/49d604c98fd64594b1628d8bbfdbb719/IA–Search-for-Dog

cityOfCarrolltonTXNew Jersey 10/21/13 Atlantic County: A raccoon found in the 100 block of South New Road in Absecon last week has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.nbc40.net/story/23751069/sixth-case-of-rabies-confirmed-in-atlantic-county

New Jersey 10/18/13 Mercer County: A skunk found on Temple Terrace in Lawrence Township has tested positive for rabies. The skunk was in contact with neighborhood pets. – See havahart-skunk_120http://lawrenceville.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/skunk-in-lawrence-township-tests-positive-for-rabies

North Carolina 10/17/13 Orange County: A skunk found in a Hillsborough resident’s outdoor dog kennel, has tested positive for rabies. Her dogs have been vaccinated. – See http://www.wral.com/skunk-is-11th-case-of-rabies-in-orange-county/13012716/

450px-Treed_RaccoonsPennsylvania 10/22/13 Delaware County: Two raccoons found in Radnor Township have tested positive for rabies in the past two weeks. One was in the 700 block of Bryn Mawr Avenue, and a second less than a mile away in the 600 block of S. Hunt Road. – See http://mainlinemedianews.com/articles/2013/10/22/main_line_suburban_life/news/doc5266ae9416bea044225119.txt

rabies.warningSouth Carolina 10/22/13 Fairfield County: A dog that was in contact with two people in the Winnsboro area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wltx.com/news/article/253791/2/Dog-Exposes-Two-People-to-Rabies

thumbnailCAMJ7KZ8South Carolina 10/18/13 Oconee County: A skunk that came in contact with a woman in the Westminster area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.foxcarolina.com/story/23729842/oconee-co-woman-expsed-to-rabies-from-skunk

1433850718_c3e303fca7Virginia 10/18/13 Peninsula Health District: A raccoon killed by a dog in the Colony and Putney roads area of Newport News has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wavy.com/news/local/newport-news/rabid-raccoon-killed-by-dog-in-nn

CANADIAN’s cellphone helps him survive POLAR BEAR attack ~ FOLLOW-UP: OREGON celebrity WOLF OR-7 may have found a home ~ 2nd case of BUBONIC PLAGUE found in NEW MEXICAN girl ~ WNV reports from MS, NH, NM, OK, SD, & TX ~ RABIES reports from CA, FL, MD, & CANADA: ONTARIO.

Courtesy National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration.

Courtesy National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration.

Canada:

Manitoba 09/09/13 Northern Region: A man who used his cellphone to scare off a 180-kilogram polar bear says he’s lucky to be alive with only a few superficial puncture wounds and scratches. Garett Kolsun was walking home early Saturday morning in the Hudson Bay community of Churchill, Man. – known as the polar bear capital of the world – after celebrating the end of the work week with friends. He said he caught something out of the corner of his eye while he walked down the town’s main drag. “I turned and looked, and it was a polar bear charging toward me,” Mr. Kolsun, 40, said in an interview Monday. “I started running from it, looking for some place to go and get away from this bear.” Businesses in the town of about 1,000 were all closed, so Mr. Kolsun had nowhere to hide. “I stopped and I turned around to face the bear,” he said. “It was already there, right on top of me. I started shouting, yelling, screaming, waving my arms, running backwards to keep my eye on the bear.”

church_map-2-300Mr. Kolsun said he ended up trapped on the porch of a bakery with the bear he believes was still young because of its size. It pinned him against the door and swiped at him with his paw. The bruin, which stood about 1 1/2 metres tall, also sank his teeth into Mr. Kolsun’s hip, although he says that, at the time, he didn’t even realize the bear had punctured his skin. “The bear’s nose was inches away from me. I didn’t know where else to go. I was just [thinking], ‘What can I do to get away from this bear?’ That’s all I kept thinking about. I didn’t want to be a stat.” Mr. Kolsun fished into his pocket and pulled out his cellphone. He turned the power on and turned the screen toward the bear. “I was hoping anything I would do would give me an opportunity to get away from it,” he explained. “I was trying anything at that point. I was screaming, yelling, waving my arms, trying everything and it just kept chasing me and chasing me. I was just hoping for the best and, luckily, it worked.” The lit screen startled the bear briefly and it took a step back, Mr. Kolsun said. It hit a flower pot on the porch and looked away for an instant. “When it turned its head,” he said, “I just turned and ran as fast as I could.”

Churchill, Manitoba.

Churchill, Manitoba.

Mr. Kolsun said he ran several blocks, looking for a home with its lights on. He saw some people sitting on a deck and ran to them. When he turned around, the polar bear was gone. “The bear had stopped chasing me some place along the way there,” he said. Mr. Kolsun took a cab to the health centre where staff cleaned his wounds, bandaged them and gave him a tetanus shot. He was released several hours later. – For complete article see http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/how-this-mans-cellphone-saved-him-during-polar-bear-attack/article14198647/?cmpid=rss1

Follow-Up:

Wolf:

(See Celebrity GRAY WOLF OR-7 returns to OREGON posted March 17, 2013)

Gray wolf. Photo by Ashley McPherson. Wikimedia Commons. Image not of OR-7.

Gray wolf. Photo by Ashley McPherson. Wikimedia Commons. Image not of OR-7.

Oregon 09/09/13 opb.org:by Geoff Norcross – The wolf known as “OR-7” appears to have found a home. The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife says the wandering gray wolf has spent the summer in Southeast Jackson County and Southwest Klamath County. “What that tells you is, I think, he’s found some good habitat,” says Michelle Dennehy, Wildlife Communications Coordinator for ODFW. It’s a rare bit of stability for a wolf whose travels have caught the imagination of at least two states. In September of 2011, OR-7 left the Imnaha Pack in Northeast Oregon and wandered hundreds of miles across the Cascades, becoming the first confirmed wolf sighted west of the mountains since 1937. He’s been roaming around Southern Oregon and Northern California ever since. Officials believe OR-7 came to the region to find a mate. There’s no evidence he’s been successful. But he’s young – nearly 3.5 years old – and he may not be alone. Dennehy says, “Where there’s one wolf, there’s another.” “Of course, everyone would like to see OR-7 mate,” she says. “And you know what? It could happen.” – For photo slideshow and original article see http://www.opb.org/news/article/wandering-wolf-or-7-appears-to-have-found-a-home/

Bubonic Plague:

rodents&fleacarriersNew Mexico 09/10/13 NM Dept of Health: Officials announced today a probable case of plague in an 11-year-old girl from Torrance County. Preliminary test results at the Department’s Scientific Laboratory Division were positive. Confirmatory testing is pending. This is the second human case of plague in New Mexico and in the United States this year. An environmental investigation will take place at the girl’s home to look for ongoing risk to others in the surrounding area. “Everyone needs to avoid sick or dead rodents and rabbits, and their nests and burrows,” said Department of Health Secretary Retta Ward, MPH. “Families should also talk to their veterinarian about an appropriate flea product for their pets” Plague is a bacterial disease of rodents and is generally transmitted to humans through the bites of infected fleas, but can also be transmitted by direct contact with infected animals, including rodents, wildlife and pets. – For complete news release see http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20130910-HumanPlague-EN.pdf

West Nile Virus (WNV):

MS_71058_121809421211160_5406251_nMississippi 09/09/13 MS Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed four new human cases of WNV for 2013. The reported cases are in Hinds (2), Lamar, and Rankin counties, bringing the state total for 2013 to 27 cases, including one death. So far this year, cases have been reported in Bolivar, Forrest (3), Hinds (9), Jones, Lamar (3), Leflore (2), Lincoln, Lowndes, Madison, Marion, Rankin (3) and Wayne counties. – See http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/_static/23,14263,341.html

nh-medicaidNew Hampshire 09/10/13 NH Dept of Health: Officials have announced the first human case of WNV this season in an adult from Chesterfield who is in recovery. – See http://www.dhhs.nh.gov/media/pr/2013/09-sept/09102013westnile.htm

NM_image_miniNew Mexico 09/06/13 NM Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed that an 84-year-old woman from San Juan County has died from WNV infection. This is the second death due to WNV in New Mexico in 2013. The woman had encephalitis, the more severe clinical form of the disease. – See http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20130906-WestNile-EN.pdf

OK_State_Health_Department_logoOklahoma 09/05/13 OCCHD: Officials have confirmed one death in Oklahoma County due to a WNV infection. The death occurred in an individual over 70-years-old. Three other human cases of WNV in the county have been confirmed as well. – See https://www.occhd.org/articles/occhd-confirms-west-nile-virus-death

SouthDakotaDOHSouth Dakota 09/09/13 SD Dept of Health: 87 human cases of WNV disease, including 2 deaths, have been reported in the following counties:  Brown 17, Beadle 5, Brookings 5, Hughes 5, Spink 5, Brule 3, Charles Mix 3, Davison 3, Day 3, Minnehaha 3, Buffalo 2, Clark 2, Codington 2, Corson 2, Faulk 2, Jones 2, Meade 2, Pennington 2, Sanborn 2 and 1 case each in Butte, Dewey, Edmunds, Jackson, Jerauld, Lawrence, Lincoln, Lyman, Marshall, McPherson, Mellette, Miner, Moody, Tripp, Turner, Walworth, Yankton. – See http://doh.sd.gov/documents/diseases/infectious/WNVupdate.pdf

TX-DSHS_Logo2Texas 09/10/13 TX Dept of Health: As of this date the state web site confirms 31 human cases of WNV in 18 counties including Anderson, Angelina, Carson, Coke, Collin-3, Dallas-4, Denton, El Paso-3, Floyd, Glasscock, Guadalupe, Howard-4, Jefferson, Johnson, Lubbock, Montgomery-2, Nueces, Stephens, and Tarrant-2. There have been no WNV-related fatalities reported so far this year. – See http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/idcu/disease/arboviral/westNile/

Rabies:

neverbarehandedsmCalifornia 09/10/13 Orange County: A bat found on the ground at shelter #7 in Laguna Niguel Regional Park on September 7th has tested positive for rabies. Anyone who had recent contact with a bat in that vicinity is advised to seek immediate medical advice. – See http://www.oc-breeze.com/2013/09/10/38721_bat-found-at-laguna-niguel-regional-park-tests-positive-for-rabies/

Not an image of the kitten referred to in this article.

Not an image of the kitten referred to in this article.

Florida 09/09/13 Palm Beach County: A stray kitten found near Lake Park in the 9000 block of Old Dixie Highway has tested positive for rabies. The kitten had bite wounds and was taken in by a rescue person but later it became ill and died. The care giver has begun a series of post-exposure rabies shots. – See http://www.wbzt.com/articles/1290-wjno-local-news-wire-120981/health-dept-rabies-confirmed-in-lake-11636751/

HELP (2)Maryland 09/09/13 Frederick County: Frederick County Animal Control is looking for the owner of a dog that bit a five-year-old child on Saturday morning. Officials say the incident occurred inside the Home Depot store on McCain Drive in Frederick at around 11:40 AM. The unidentified black and tan German Shepherd was inside the store with its male owner. Anyone who has information on this dog and its owner is asked to call Frederick County Animal Control at 301-600-1717, or 301-600-1544. – See http://www.wfmd.com/pages/localnews2.html?feed=119935&article=11638339

Canada:

2e236ffb436644c2OntarioOntario 09/09/13 ON Ministry of Natural Resources: Ontario is continuing one of the most successful rabies eradication programs in North America by distributing 255,000 baits containing rabies vaccine this summer. The vaccine will control the spread of rabies in skunks and foxes and help continue to keep Ontario raccoons free of rabies. The baits will be distributed throughout southwestern Ontario; in the Niagara region between Welland Canal and Niagara River, including Navy Island; in Brockville, on Wolfe, Howe, Simcoe, and Hill islands in St. Lawrence River; as well as small areas on the mainland near Prescott and Ivy Lea. The flavoured baits immunize most skunks, foxes and raccoons that eat them. – For complete release see http://news.ontario.ca/mnr/en/2013/08/rabies-vaccine-bait-drop-protects-ontarians-2.html

FOLLOW-UP REPORT: WOLF that attacked camper in MINNESOTA had abnormalities ~ FLORIDA now confirms 8 human cases of DENGUE FEVER ~ HANTAVIRUS reports from CALIFORNIA & CANADA: ALBERTA ~ EEE & WNV reports from CT, MA, NY, & CANADA: ONTARIO ~ RABIES reports from IL, MD, NJ, NC, & WV.

Photo courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Photo courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

 

Follow-Up Report:

(See – MINNESOTA teenager attacked by WOLF – posted August 28, 2013)

MI-DNRMinnesota 08/27/13 MN Public Radio: The wolf that was the likely culprit in an attack on a teenager in northern Minnesota had abnormalities in its jaw that would have made it difficult to capture and kill prey, state officials said. The 75-pound wolf was captured and killed on Monday morning following the attack early Saturday morning at the West Winnie Campground on the shores of Lake Winnibigoshish. The animal is being tested for rabies, and officials hope to confirm that it was the wolf that bit the 16-year-old boy, said Tom Provost, regional manager of the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources’ enforcement division. The boy was treated for a cut on his head and puncture wounds on his face. Provost said that the wolf’s jaw was deformed, and it was missing one if its primary canine teeth. “There is a thought that if it was the offending animal, that it was struggling to feed itself in the normal wolf manner,” Provost said. “It would have really struggled with capturing and killing prey.”

mpr_logoSuch a wolf might also have been rejected by its pack, Provost said. The wolf that was captured was likely an opportunistic feeder — initial analysis of the wolf’s gut showed it had eaten fish that had likely washed up on the lake’s shoreline, he said. “This gentleman was laying right next to the shoreline,” Provost said. “We’re thinking right now that if this was the offending animal, he was reacting in an opportunistic manner.” The attack was the first documented wolf attack ever in the state, the DNR said. Provost said the attack was unprovoked, but in general DNR officials recommend people secure food that might attract bears, wolves and other wildlife. “It likely associated the campground with the opportunity to grab a free meal,” Provost said. – Reported online at http://minnesota.publicradio.org/display/web/2013/08/27/environment/dnr-wolf-that-likely-attacked-teen-had-abnormalities

norabiesMinnesota 08/29/13 MN Dept of Natural Resources: A gray wolf that wildlife experts suspect bit a 16-year-old boy during  the early hours of Aug. 24 at the U.S. Forest Service West Winnie Campground at Lake Winnibigoshish has tested negative for rabies. – See http://news.dnr.state.mn.us/2013/08/29/wolf-believed-to-have-bitten-teen-tests-negative-for-rabies/#more-12972

Dengue Fever:

indexv889v6Florida 08/27/13 FL Dept of Health: Officials have now confirmed a total of eight human cases of Dengue Fever, with seven cases located in Martin County and one case in Miami-Dade County. – For complete release and precautions see http://newsroom.doh.state.fl.us/wp-content/uploads/newsroom/2013/05/082713DENGUEFEVER.pdf

Hantavirus:

imagesCAWMH0VUCalifornia 08/28/13 Inyo County: A 14-year-old male resident of Bishop has been diagnosed with Hantavirus and transported by LifeLine to UC Davis Children’s Hospital where he is recovering. His father said physicians resorted to a special heart and lung machine reserved for the most critical cases but managed to pull the boy through. The boy’s mother believes her son might have contracted the disease while exploring a mining cave near their home. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is a respiratory illness that comes from contact with the feces, saliva or urine of rodents. – See http://www.mercedsunstar.com/2013/08/28/3189637/bishop-teen-survives-rare-hantavirus.html

Canada:

Deer mouse. Common carrier of hantavirus.

Deer mouse. Common carrier of hantavirus.

Alberta 08/27/13 AL Health Services: Following confirmation of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome in an individual from a rural community in Central Zone, Alberta Health Services is advising area residents, and all Albertans, to take simple precautions to protect themselves. “Because humans can be exposed to Hantavirus when the urine or feces of an infected rodent – such as a mouse – become airborne, anyone who disturbs areas of mice or mice droppings can be at risk,” says Dr. Ifeoma Achebe, Medical Officer of Health – Central Zone. – See http://www.albertahealthservices.ca/8939.asp

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

DPH-Color_biggerConnecticut 08/29/13 CT Dept of Public Health: Officials announced today that a Stratford resident between 60-69 years of age is the first human case of WNV in the state this year. – See http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?a=4386&Q=531052   08/30/13 Mosquitoes trapped in Hampton on August 26th have tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?A=4386&Q=531158

MA_220px-MADPH_LogoMassachusetts 08/28/13 MA Dept of Health: Officials have announced the second human case of WNV in the state this year. The man is a resident of Norfolk County in his 30s diagnosed late this month. He was hospitalized, but has since been discharged. – See http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/gov/newsroom/press-releases/dph/second-human-case-of-west-nile-virus-announced.html    08/29/13 The threat level for EEE has been raised to “High” in four communities including Easton, Raynham, Taunton, and West Bridgewater. – See http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/gov/newsroom/press-releases/dph/eee-risk-level-4-communities.html

mq1MCHD354k4New York 08/27/13 Madison County: Health officials announced today that a pool of mosquitoes trapped on Moore Road in Sullivan have tested positive for EEE. Two pools of mosquitoes trapped in the same Black Creek area tested positive for WNV earlier this month. – See http://www.healthymadisoncounty.org/linkeddocs/newsarchive/2013/35-13eee1st.pdf

Canada:

Z.SIMCOE.Cty.CANADAOntario 08/28/13 Simcoe County: Officials have confirmed a horse that had an incomplete vaccination history has tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.standardbredcanada.ca/notices/8-28-13/eee-confirmed-ontario.html

 

Rabies:

Cat-and-BatIllinois 08/28/13 Cook County: A bat brought to a home in the 16400 block of Beverly Avenue in Tinley Park by a family pet cat has tested positive for rabies. – See http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2013-08-28/news/ct-tl-0905-s-tinley-park-bat-discovered-20130828_1_rabid-pat-carr-rabies-control

rabidcatMaryland 08/28/13 Washington County: A kitten found in the Greenwich Drive area of the Sterling Oaks Development in Williamsport has tested positive for rabies. The kitten is described as all black with no stripes or other distinguishing markings. Based on the size of the kitten, it was considered to be approximately 6 to 7 months old, the health department said. Anyone who may have had contact with this kitten should immediately seek medical advice. – See http://www.herald-mail.com/news/local/hm-kitten-found-in-williamsport-tests-positive-for-rabies-20130828,0,729460.story

imagesCA2WR1SQNew Jersey 08/29/13 Camden County: A skunk killed by a vaccinated dog in Cherry Hill on August 25th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.nj.com/camden/index.ssf/2013/08/skunk_found_in_cherry_hill_tests_positive_for_rabies.html

BatsNetcoreCanadaNorth Carolina 08/28/13 Cumberland County: Two more bats picked up in Fayetteville have tested positive for rabies. One was found in the 7100 block of Riddle Road, off Yarborough Road, and the other at Melvin Place, off Rosehill Road, where two dead bats tested positive for the virus last month. – See http://www.wral.com/two-more-bats-test-positive-for-rabies-in-cumberland-county/12823727/

West-virginia-county-mapWest Virginia 08/28/13 wboy.com: by Andrew Clay – The U.S. Department of Agriculture has started conducting a bait drop of oral rabies vaccines across much of the state. The involved WV counties may include, Barbour, Braxton, Brooke, Doddridge, Fayette, Greenbrier, Hancock, Harrison, Lewis, Marion, Marshall, McDowell, Mercer, Monroe, Nicholas, Ohio, Pocahontas, Raleigh, Randolph, Ritchie, Summers, Taylor, Tyler, Upshur, Webster, Wetzel and Wyoming. – See http://www.wboy.com/story/23280038/usda-conducting-bait-drop-of-oral-rabies-vaccines-in-local-areas

LEPTOSPIROSIS said to be endemic in parts of OHIO and MICHIGAN ~ CANADA: Domestic PORK-related TRICHINOSIS found on private farm in ONTARIO ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS report from GEORGIA ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CAx3, ID, ILx3, IN, MA, NY, PA, & WY ~ RABIES reports from FL, & NC ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: RHODE ISLAND officials rule out RABIES in death of second CALF.

Photo courtesy U.S. Army.

Photo courtesy U.S. Army.

National 07/29/13: Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects both animals and humans, and it’s more prevalent this year because of heavier rain. There are about 100 strains that are recognized, but most vets vaccinate for the four most common in the U.S. The bacteria are spread through the urine of infected hosts, which can get into water or soil and can survive there for weeks to months. Many different wild and domestic animals carry the disease. Humans can become infected through contact with the urine or other body fluids, but not saliva, of infected animals, or through contact with water, soil, or food contaminated with the urine of infected animals. The bacteria can enter the body through skin or mucous (eyes, nose, or mouth) membranes, especially if the skin is broken from a cut or scratch. Drinking contaminated water can also lifemoto_blogspot_comcause infection. Person to person transmission is rare. In humans, leptospirosis can cause a wide range of flu-like symptoms and lasts from a few days to 3 or more weeks. Without treatment, recovery may take several months. Leptospirosis is an occupational hazard for many who work outdoors or with animals, and it has been associated with recreational activities in contaminated lakes and rivers. According to a recent article in The Blade of Toledo by Tanya Irwin, the disease is endemic in northwest Ohio and southeast Michigan.– For Tanya Irwin’s article see http://www.toledoblade.com/Medical/2013/07/29/Flulike-bacteria-sickens-people-and-pets-alike.html and for more information about Leptospirosis see http://www.cdc.gov/leptospirosis/index.html

Trichinosis:

Canada:

Trichinosis2Ontario 07/26/13 owensoundsuntimes.com: by Tracey Richardson – A Bruce County child has had the extremely rare distinction of acquiring trichinosis from pork — something that was thought to have been eradicated from the province for decades. Trichinosis is caused by small roundworms of the trichinella species. Infective larvae are transferred by the consumption of raw or undercooked infected meat. The problem was most prevalent in swine until government regulations and inspections clamped down on the industry. The last swine outbreak in Ontario happened in 1977. Until this January, the last human case of trichinosis associated with the consumption of infected domestic pork occurred in 1980. There was an outbreak in Ontario in 1993 among a couple of dozen people who’d eaten smoked wild boar meat. Nowadays, trichinosis is usually confined to meat from wild animals. . . . .

img_7978The Bruce County case happened in January this year at a Mennonite farm, said Grey Bruce medical officer of health Dr. Hazel Lynn. The farm was non-commercial and the pig was slaughtered and consumed on the farm. No part of the animal ever entered the commercial food supply. News of the case was mentioned in passing at the public health board’s monthly meeting Friday. Lynn said the child was diagnosed by an “astute” pediatrician in London, although the child recovered without treatment. Lynn said when the farmer acquired the piglet, it was free of trichinella. “So it happened between being a tiny piglet and growing up to be slaughtered,” she said. “However their animal husbandry on the farm was pretty old style, so anything left over got fed to the pigs. Now if you cook it all, it’s OK. But also there were rats around, which many barns have, whether or not they’re well looked after, and that’s probably where this pig got it.” It’s believed the child consumed infected smoked ham or sausage from the infected pig. Smoking the meat does not heat it to a high enough temperature to kill the larvae. The CFIA recommends cooking all wild game meat, pork and horse meat to an internal temperature of at least 71 degrees C. – For complete article see http://www.owensoundsuntimes.com/2013/07/26/rare-trichinosis-happened-on-bruce-county-farm

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

Clinch County_GAGeorgia 07/29/13 Clinch County: A 70-year-old county resident has tested positive for EEE. This is the first human case of EEE in the state, and the third in the country so far this year. Five to ten human cases are reported nationally each year. – See http://www.walb.com/story/22956635/human-eee-reported-in-clinch-co

West Nile Virus (WNV):

San_Luis_Obispo_County.CACalifornia 07/26/13 San Luis Obispo County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes collected at Pismo State Beach this month have tested positive for WNV. -  See http://www.ksby.com/news/west-nile-virus-detected-in-mosquitoes-found-in-pismo-beach/

LAcountyVectorControl.CACalifornia 07/27/13 Greater Los Angeles County Vector Control District: GLACVCD has confirmed more WNV positive test results in 25 mosquito samples and three dead birds collected throughout its jurisdiction. This is the first sign of virus activity this year in Burbank, Elysian Valley, Encino, Granada Hills, North Hills, Santa Clarita and Watts. Please refer to chart for a breakdown of the latest WNV activity. – For article and chart see http://hometownstation.com/santa-clarita-news/west-nile-virus-has-been-found-mosquito-scv-36585

Glenn_County.CACalifornia 07/27/13 Glenn County: An elderly county resident has been identified as the state’s sixth human case of WNV so far this year. Five others were infected across Los Angeles County. – See http://www.nbclosangeles.com/news/local/Additional-West-Nile-Virus-Case-California-217138161.html

Larimer_County.COColorado 07/27/13 Larimer County: Health officials have confirmed that Larimer County now leads the state in the number of mosquitoes testing positive for WNV, and at least one human case of the virus has been reported in the county. Fort Collins officials are warning residents that the southeast part of the city is showing more prevalence of the mosquitoes that carry the virus. Boulder and Mesa counties are also showing a higher prevalence of the infected mosquitoes. – See http://www.coloradoan.com/article/20130727/NEWS01/307270016/West-Nile-virus-spreads-Larimer-County-where-53-mosquito-groups-tested-positive

Payette-County_IDIdaho 07/27/13 Payette County: Health officials have announced that the county’s first human case of WNV is a male in his 40s who is now hospitalized. – See http://www.idahopress.com/members/west-nile-virus-found-in-horses-humans/article_20aabe40-f66a-11e2-b215-0019bb2963f4.html

ILLINOIS_DPHIllinois 07/29/13 DuPage and Will counties: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped at Seager and Springhill parks in Naperville have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.positivelynaperville.com/2013/07/29/area-mosquito-traps-initially-test-positive-for-west-nile-virus/25027

madisoncounty_ILIllinois 07/27/13 Madison County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in Mitchell, Bethalto, Edwardsville, Glen Carbon and Meadowbrook have tested positive for WNV. – See http://altondailynews.com/news/details.cfm?clientid=17&id=86859#.UfWMJ23DK5d

Kane cty ILIllinois 07/26/13 Kane County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in Aurora and in Algonquin have tested positive for WNV. – See http://stcharles-il.patch.com/groups/summer/p/west-nile-virus-threat-grows-in-kane-county

IN-DH-B-W-LogoIndiana 07/26/13 Indiana DOH: State health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in Kosciusko and Starke counties have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.wsbt.com/news/wsbt-west-nile-virus-found-in-n-ind-20130726,0,5321104.story

plymouth cty MAMassachusetts 07/28/13 Plymouth County: Public health officials confirmed Friday  that mosquitoes trapped in Rockland have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2013/07/27/west-nile-virus-detected-mosquito/VyE0GEAaEcmiQlsn5sBMVP/story.html

Erie_County.NYNew York 07/26/13 Erie County: Mosquitoes collected in Amherst on July 17th and 18th have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.buffalonews.com/city-region/mosquitoes-infected-with-west-nile-virus-found-in-amherst-20130726

lehigh cty PAPennsylvania 07/26/13 Lehigh County: State officials have reported that mosquitoes trapped in Lower Macungie Township, Allentown, and Bethlehem have tested positive for WNV. – See https://www.google.com/search?q=bethlehem+pa&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-a

Rabies:

cat-child-300x225Florida 07/26/13 Pasco County: A Rabies Alert has been issued for the northwest portion of the county after a cat tested positive for the virus. – For area boundaries of the alert see http://www.baynews9.com/content/news/baynews9/news/article.html/content/news/articles/bn9/2013/7/26/rabies_alert_issued_.html

fox1cNorth Carolina 07/26/13 Wake County: A fox that came in contact with a resident of the 1000 block of Valleystone Drive in Cary on Thursday has tested positive for rabies. A Rabies Alert has been issued for those living in the vicinity of the High House Road and Davis Drive intersection. – For map of the area see http://abclocal.go.com/wtvd/story?section=news/local&id=9186608

Follow-Up Report:

(See – Officials fear a “large number” of people in TIVERTON, RHODE ISLAND, may have been exposed to RABIES – posted July 27, 2013)

question-markRhode Island 07/27/13 providencejournal.com: by Felice J. Freyer: Laboratory tests have ruled out rabies as the cause of a brown calf’s death on Friday, the second of two calves that died near a Tiverton ice cream shop. But it still isn’t known what killed the brown calf. And the Health Department’s advice remains the same for people who came in contact with the black-and-white calf that died July 21 in the same pasture, next to Gray’s Ice Cream shop. People who came in contact with that calf, known as Oreo, between July 5 and July 21 should call the Health Department at (401) 222-2577 to find out if they should receive rabies shots. Oreo died six days after biting a child, but word of its death did not reach authorities in time to test the calf for rabies. Rabies remains a possibility for Oreo. Oreo was removed from direct public contact on July 16, and only the animal’s handlers may have been exposed from July 16 through July 21. There is no risk of rabies for those who came in contact with the calf before July 5. – For complete article see http://www.providencejournal.com/breaking-news/content/20130727-r.i.-health-department-rules-out-rabies-in-death-of-second-tiverton-calf.ece

CANADA: WOLF chases motorcyclist in BRITISH COLUMBIA ~ GUATEMALAN immigrant dies of RABIES in TEXAS ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: BLACK BEAR shot by ALASKA trooper killed Fairbanks man ~ WEST NILE VIRUS report from CALIFORNIA ~ Other RABIES reports from OH, SC, & WI.

Gray wolf. Photo by North Dakota Dept. of Agriculture.

Gray wolf. Photo by North Dakota Dept. of Agriculture.

Canada:

British Columbia 06/13/13 cbc.ca: A Banff, Alberta., man came within metres of being caught by a wolf, but luckily he was on his motorcycle during the close call on a highway, where he also snapped photos of the chase. Tim Bartlett was testing out his new bike on the highway from Lake Louise to Radium on Saturday when the wolf crossed a lane of traffic while attempting to catch up to him. “It sort of sped up initially; it gave a real good burst of speed,” said Bartlett. “And then after that it just trotted along beside me, but it probably got 991_1within three or four metres.” Bartlett was able to take some pictures before heading roughly 100 metres down the highway and coming to a stop. When he looked back, the wolf had stopped in the middle of the road before heading back into the nearby forest. Bartlett said he wasn’t trying to provoke the animal, but was happy with the outcome. “I got six really good shots and … the one that came in nice and close, he had his ears pinned right back and he was in full gallop,” he said. – For complete article and photos see http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/story/2013/06/12/calgary-wolf-banff-motorcycle-ob.html

Author’s Note: According to another report, the incident took place on Highway 93 South in Kootenay National Park. – See http://www.banffcragandcanyon.com/2013/06/12/wolf-chases-banff-motorcyclist

Human Rabies Fatality:

rabies%20killsTexas 06/12/13 sfgate.com: An immigrant from Guatemala died while in U.S. custody from what doctors diagnosed as rabies, immigration officials said Wednesday. Federico Mendez-Hernandez, 28, died Tuesday at Christus Spohn Memorial Hospital in Corpus Christi, according to a statement from U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. The U.S. Border Patrol apprehended Mendez-Hernandez on May 9 after he entered the country illegally near Hidalgo. On May 18, he was taken to a Kingsville hospital after showing rabies-like symptoms. He was transferred the next day to the hospital in Corpus Christi. The rabies diagnosis was confirmed Friday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, ICE said. Tests indicated it was a canine Dog_1rabies virus variant common in Central America. He showed no symptoms when apprehended and officials believe he contracted the disease before entering the country. Health officials are investigating who may have come into contact with Mendez-Hernandez in the United States. Alba Caceres, Guatemala’s consul in McAllen, Texas, said Wednesday that she was at the hospital Tuesday when the decision was made to take Mendez-Hernandez off life support. She said he had entered a coma within a couple days of displaying rabies symptoms. She said doctors conducted two additional tests Tuesday that showed no brain activity before the decision was made to end life support. Guatemalan officials have contacted his family but will await an autopsy before repatriating the body, Caceres said. The family authorized the autopsy and was on the phone when he was disconnected from life support Tuesday, she said.

Follow-Up Report:

(See – 64-year-old ALASKAN killed by BEAR posted June 10, 2013)

AKdfgAlaska 06/11/13 newsminer.com: by Tim Mowry – Alaska State Troopers on Tuesday confirmed that the adult male black bear shot by a trooper shortly after  a bear mauling at a remote lake near Delta Junction was the bear that killed a Fairbanks man last week. Trooper spokeswoman Beth Ipsen said remains of the victim, 64-year-old Robert Weaver, were found in the bear’s stomach during a necropsy performed by the Alaska Department of Fish and Game in Fairbanks on Friday. Alaska State Troopers on Tuesday confirmed that the adult male black bear shot by a trooper shortly after  a bear mauling at a remote lake near Delta Junction was the bear that killed a Fairbanks man last week. Trooper spokeswoman Beth Ipsen said remains of the victim, 64-year-old Robert Weaver, were found in the bear’s stomach during a necropsy performed by the Alaska Department of Fish and Game in Fairbanks on Friday. – For complete article see http://www.newsminer.com/news/alaska_news/alaska-troopers-bear-killed-at-lake-fatally-mauled-fairbanks-man/article_d6dbcd66-d2f8-11e2-91e0-001a4bcf6878.html

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Solano_County.CACalifornia 06/12/13 Solano County: Public health officials have confirmed that an American crow found dead inside the Fairfield city limits tested positive for the WNV. This is the first confirmed WNV case in a bird found in the county so far this year. – See http://www.thereporter.com/news/ci_23441719/west-nile-virus-remains-active-solano-county

Rabies:

Bat%20SketchOhio 06/12/13 Clark County: A bat found in the home of a Springfield family last week has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.springfieldnewssun.com/news/news/local/rabid-bat-captured-in-clark-county/nYJg9/

thumbnailCAVHF09ESouth Carolina 06/12/13 Spartanburg County: A fox that bit a man in the Enoree area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wbtw.com/story/22573683/fox-exposes-spartanburg-county-man-to-rabies

HelpCardWisconsin 06/11/13 Wood County: Wisconsin Rapids police and the Wood County humane officer want city residents to be on the alert for what they say is a dangerous dog. A 7-year-old St. Bernard bit a 12-year-year old girl while she was riding her bicycle in the 400 block of 15th Avenue North, according to a news release from the Wisconsin Rapids Police Department. A concern in the case is that the dog’s rabies tags are expired, Wisconsin Rapids Lt. Kevin Schwartz said. Because the immunization is not current and the dog hadn’t been found as of Tuesday afternoon, the girl was going to have to get rabies shots. If caught, the dog would be observed for 10 days. The dog, brown and white, ran away from its owners and has been coming and going from the residence, according to the news release. The Police Department posted a notice about the incident on its fan page on Facebook page Monday evening, Schwartz said. The posting got more than 6,000 views, but no one has seen the dog, he said. “The dog might be hidden somewhere,” he said. If people see the dog, they should call the Wisconsin Rapids Police Department at 714-423-4444 and, if possible, keep it in sight. Schwartz advises people not to try to catch the dog. People can provide anonymous tips to Wood County Crime Stoppers via text at 274637 and start the message with WCCS. People also can go to the Wood County Crime Stoppers website, www.woodcountycrimestoppers.com, and send a tip or call 877-325-7867. They can remain anonymous on any of the tip options and still be eligible for a reward of up to $1,000.

FERAL CATS become major issue in a VIRGINIA city ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: Biologist identifies mystery white animal found in MAINE ~ RABIES reports from CA, CO, CT, FLx2, GAx2, ME, NM, NY, TX, & VA.

Feral cat colony. Photo by Scott Granneman. Wikimedia Commons.

Feral cat colony. Photo by Scott Granneman. Wikimedia Commons.

Virginia 03/30/13 matinsvillemedia.com: The Martinsville Police Department is asking for citizens’ help in identifying their cats from the feral cats which have become a major issue in the city. Each year the department receives approximately 50 to 75 citizen requests asking them to trap feral cats which are on their property The main concern with feral cats is that they are frequent carriers of feline A.I.D.S. and feline leukemia. Because feral cats compete for food with other wild animals such as skunks and raccoons they are more susceptible to contracting rabies which can be spread to humans. Very often citizens complain that feral cats are getting into their trash, walking on their vehicles or posing a threat to the safety of their pets. Oftentimes feral cats become a nuisance to business owners when they begin staying in vacant buildings and warehouses.

FeralCatPyramidIn an effort to address the growing problem, Animal Control Officer E.C. Stone captured over 400 cats during the past two years, 36 of which came from a single vacant warehouse. The Police Department is asking that all citizens who own a cat to properly identify it by placing a collar on it bearing proof of rabies vaccination. According to Virginia State Code, ownership of a cat requires that a collar bearing proof of current rabies vaccination be placed on all domestic cats 4 months of age and older. Officer Stone also noted that according to Martinsville City Code, if a person feeds a feral cat, you are deemed to have constructive ownership of the cat and therefore are responsible for its rabies vaccination. Officer Stone encourages owners of cats to please consider having their pet spayed or neutered.

Follow-Up Report:

(See – Is WHITE ANIMAL found dead in MAINE a WOLF, COYOTE, or DOG? – posted 03/23/13)

WhiteCoyoteMaine 03/26/13 seacoastonline.com: by Laura Dolce – A wildlife expert said he finally has an answer on the mystery white animal found dead in (Kennebunk) last week: It’s a rare white eastern coyote. After giving the animal a thorough examination early Monday afternoon — but not doing a necropsy yet — Maine wildlife biologist Scott Lindsay said measurements of the animal’s bones, the condition of its teeth and its bottle-brush tail all are “very consistent” with a coyote. . . . One mystery that remains, though, is exactly how this female coyote died. Lindsay said he is awaiting word from state officials on whether they wish to send it to a taxidermist to create a display with the animal for demonstration purposes. That will determine how he will necropsy the coyote, he said, which he will likely do later this week. – For complete article see http://www.seacoastonline.com/articles/20130326-NEWS-303260381?cid=sitesearch

Rabies:

road_sign_need_helpCalifornia 03/30/13 San Joaquin County: The family of Lucas Brandt, 17, a student at Count Stagg High School in Stockton, would like to find the owner of a dog that bit their son two weeks ago on the Calaveras River Bike Trail. Neither the dog, a black pit bull, nor its owner has been found, and Lucas is being treated for exposure to rabies as a precautionary measure. If you witnessed the incident, or know someone in the Stockton area who has a black pit bull, please contact authorities  – See http://www.recordnet.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20130330/A_NEWS/303300322

dog-fox_1811535iColorado 03/30/13 Larimer County: A fox that attacked a pet dog in Berthoud on Saturday has tested positive for rabies. The incident raises particular concerns because the area is near horse properties. – See http://www.seattlepi.com/news/science/article/Larimer-County-warns-of-rabies-in-area-4397017.php

dog_and_skunk312Connecticut 03/29/13 Tolland County: A skunk that was shot while fighting with a vaccinated dog last Monday in the vicinity of Four Bridges and George Wood roads in Somers has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.journalinquirer.com/towns/rabid-skunk-found-in-somers/article_37e04ae8-987e-11e2-9442-001a4bcf887a.html

Florida 03/29/13 Palm Beach County: Two raccoons that attacked two dogs in separate incidents last week have both tested positive for rabies. Last Monday a dachshund was attacked in Lantana, and on Thursday a Chihuahua BrunoBoxerPuppy29WeeksRaccoon2 - Copywas attacked in Lake Clarke Shores. – See http://www.examiner.com/article/rabies-alert-palm-beach-county-after-two-raccoons-test-positive-for-disease

Florida 03/29/13 Marion County: A raccoon found about three miles southwest of Reddick has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.ocala.com/article/20130329/ARTICLES/130329611

0Georgia 03/29/13 Camden County: A pet cat belonging to a family living in the Southern Pines mobile home park in Kingsland has tested positive for rabies. Two people are being treated for exposure and the cat and two other pets in the home have been euthanized. – See http://www.firstcoastnews.com/news/georgia/article/306327/5/Health-officials-discover-rabid-cat

Georgia 03/29/13 Habersham County: A skunk that fought with a dog at 1147 Chopped Oak Road on Thursday has tested positive for rabies. The dog is not current with its rabies vaccination and may have to be euthanized. – See thumbnailCAPCM82RWChttp://www.accessnorthga.com/detail.php?n=259961

Maine 03/29/13 York County: A dead raccoon found in Kennebunk on Friday has tested positive for rabies. – See http://bangordailynews.com/2013/03/29/news/portland/kennebunk-police-confirm-case-of-rabies/

dog-foxNew Mexico 03/29/13 Socorro County: A fox that bit an unvaccinated dog about a mile south of Magdalena on March 23rd has tested positive for rabies. The dog had to be euthanized. It was reported the dog’s owner has been previously ticketed for allowing unvaccinated dogs to roam at large. – See http://www.dchieftain.com/2013/03/29/rabies-found-in-fox-by-magdalena

please-call-me-graphic-for-orkut-facebookNew York 03/29/13 Lewis County: Public Health Agency officials are asking for help in trying to find the owner of a dog that bit a person. The bite occurred about 4:30 p.m. Monday at routes 410 and 126 in the hamlet of Naumburg, town of Croghan. The dog is a fawn-colored boxer. Unless verification of its rabies vaccination is received, the person who was bitten will have to undergo a series of rabies post-exposure shots. Anyone with information is asked to call Lewis County Public Health at 376-5453.

PHIL_2186_thumb SkunkTexas 03/29/13 Collin County: A skunk that came in contact with a Plano resident’s vaccinated pets last week has tested positive for rabies. The pets have been quarantined. – See http://planoblog.dallasnews.com/2013/03/plano-officials-urge-caution-after-skunk-tests-positive-for-rabies.html/

rabidfox-720507Virginia 03/29/13 City of Waynesboro: A young fox that fought with two vaccinated dogs at a home off Meadowview Cove last Wednesday has tested positive for rabies. The dogs have been quarantined. – See http://www.newsleader.com/article/20130329/NEWS01/303290007/Rabies-case-reported-Waynesboro

Scientists say SWINE FLU H1N1 VIRUS that caused 2009 pandemic becoming resistant to treatment ~ Scientists discover VIRUS behind mystery HORSE disease ~ FDA warns of SALMONELLA from handling RODENTS, REPTILES, & AMPHIBIANS ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: Hundreds evaluated for RABIES exposure in 5 states after death of kidney recipient.

Piglet. Wikimedia Commons. PD.

Piglet. Wikimedia Commons. PD.

Global 03/18/13 independent.co.uk: by Michael McCarthy & Samantha Hunt – The virus responsible for the “swine flu” pandemic of 2009 is becoming increasingly resistant to the main drug used to treat it, new research has shown. An increasing number of cases of the virus, H1NI, are being found with developing resistance to oseltamivir – trade name Tamiflu – which was stockpiled in large amounts by Governments, including the British Government, when it was feared the new swine flu mutation would irresistibly sweep the world.

Dr Aeron Hurt, of the WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Influenza

Dr Aeron Hurt, of the WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Influenza

First detected in Mexico, the 2009 virus was a new strain of H1N1 – itself responsible for the disastrous flu pandemic of 1918 – which combined with a Eurasian pig flu virus to become newly potent. The resultant pandemic struck over 74 countries, and although deaths were initially assessed by the World Health Organisation at 18,500, the WHO later admitted this was probably a gross underestimate. A 2012 medical study by the journal Lancet Infectious Diseases suggested that in fact it may have caused the deaths of up to 579,000 people.

tamifluTamiflu, made by the giant Swiss pharmaceutical company, Hoffman-La Roche, was the main drug against the outbreak – but now Australian scientists are finding that it is encountering increased resistance. – For complete article see http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/virus-responsible-for-swine-flu-pandemic-becoming-increasingly-resistant-to-tamiflu-8539601.html

Mystery Horse Disease:

rinderp1Global 03/18/13 nature.com: by Ed Yong – For almost 100 years, veterinarians have puzzled over the cause of Theiler disease, a mysterious type of equine hepatitis that is linked to blood products and causes liver failure in up to 90% of afflicted animals. A team of US scientists has now discovered that the disease is caused by a virus that shares just 35% of its amino acid sequences with its closest-known relative. The team named it Theiler disease-associated virus (TDAV), and published the discovery in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Dr. Amy Kistler

Dr. Amy Kistler

Led by Amy Kistler at the Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research in Emeryville, California, the team responded to an outbreak of Theiler disease at a farm in which eight horses had suddenly developed hepatitis after being injected with an antitoxin to prevent them from developing botulism. The researchers used next-generation sequencing to analyse RNA samples from the antitoxin and from two of the horses, and assembled the complete genome of the new virus. The virus was found in every one of the eight horses, as well as in the animal (from a different farm) that was the source of the contaminated antitoxin. – For complete article see http://www.nature.com/news/distinctive-virus-behind-mystery-horse-disease-1.12624

Salmonella:

ISDH_salmonella-billboard_rdax_100Global 03/18/13 fda.gov: The Food and Drug Administration is giving consumers, especially reptile owners, tips on how to prevent Salmonella infection from handling feeder rodents and reptiles. Feeder rodents are mice and rats—both frozen and live—used to feed some reptiles, such as certain snakes and lizards, as well as some amphibians. People may become infected with Salmonella after handling feeder rodents, reptiles, or amphibians, surfaces that have been in contact with these animals, or the environment in which the animal lives. – For complete news release see http://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/NewsEvents/CVMUpdates/ucm344344.htm?source=govdelivery

Follow-Up Report:

(See MARYLAND resident dies of RABIES posted 03/14/13, and Fatal HUMAN RABIES case in MARYLAND due to kidney transplant posted 03/17/13)

imagesCAAZ72UBMaryland 03/17/13 foxnews.com: Public health agencies in five states are assessing the rabies risk for hundreds of people who may have had close contact with an infected organ donor and four transplant recipients, one of whom died, officials said Saturday. About 200 medical workers, relatives and others were assessed for potential exposure in Maryland, where the man who received an infected kidney died, state veterinarian Katherine Feldman said. She said fewer than two dozen were urged to get the rabies vaccine as a preventive measure. In Florida, about 90 people were identified as potentially exposed, and three were offered the rabies vaccine as of Friday, state health department spokeswoman Ashley Carr said.

TAL06181Illinois Department of Public Health spokeswoman Melaney Arnold said the only potential exposures there were people who worked with the patient or the transplanted organ. She said only the organ recipient is receiving rabies treatment. Health officials in Georgia and North Carolina are also involved in the epidemiological investigation prompted by the Maryland man’s death from rabies in late February, nearly 18 months after he got the kidney from a donor in Pensacola, Fla. However, officials in those states didn’t respond to requests from The Associated Press about the number of people they’re assessing.- For complete article see http://www.foxnews.com/health/2013/03/17/hundreds-checked-for-rabies-after-transplant-death/