Category Archives: Parasites

BLACK BEAR attacks WISCONSIN bird hunter ~ MALARIA infections hit 40-year high in U.S. ~ NEW MEXICO woman dies of HANTAVIRUS ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from MS, & TXx3 ~ RABIES reports from CT, GA, NJ, NY, VT, & VA.

Black bear. Courtesy Utah Division of Wildlife Resources.

Black bear. Courtesy Utah Division of Wildlife Resources.

Wisconsin 10/30/13 wqow.com: by Jackson Schmidtke – Sometimes when you go hunting you come across animals you’re not looking to hunt. A Barron County grouse hunter’s encounter on Saturday put him and his dog in the hospital. “It was a spot where he would have never seen this bear laying on the ground,” said DNR Conservation Warden Phillip Dorn. Phil Anderson was hunting ruffed grouse at the Loon Lake Wildlife Area when he heard branches cracking. He thought it was a deer but it turned out to be a black bear. “I heard my dog squealing in distress and I kind of figured out what was happening,” Anderson said. Anderson’s dog had encountered a mother bear and her cubs in Barron County.

a.LoonLake.WI“I yelled for the dog and immediately the adult bear came from that direction and charged at me and knocked me on my back,” said Anderson “She batted me a few times and shook me and then she went back to my dog.”  After regaining his feet, Anderson yelled at the bear hoping to scare it. The bear left the dog and charged Anderson again. This time Anderson was prepared and was able to shoot the bear point blank in the face with birdshot, a lightweight ammo that typically would not down a bear. “Birdshot doesn’t really penetrate that well from distances,” said Dorn “but this was very close range. Probably within three feet.” The 275-pound bear died instantly.  Anderson and his dog were able to walk three quarters of a mile to his truck. He then drove home where he and his wife assessed his injuries and drove to Cumberland hospital. From there he was airlifted to Regions Hospital in the Twin Cities to have his wounds cleaned and closed. – For complete article and video see http://www.wqow.com/story/23834852/2013/10/30/hunter-attacked-by-bear-in-barron-county

Malaria:

a.malaria.298ed98National 10/31/13 medpagetoday.com: by Michael Smith – The number of malaria cases in the U.S. hit a 40-year peak in 2011, the CDC reported. The 1,925 cases, including five deaths, represent an increase of 14% from the 1,691 cases in 2010 and the largest number since 1971, when the agency was notified of 3,180 cases. The 2011 toll includes 1,920 cases classified as imported, as well as one laboratory-acquired case, one related to a transfusion, two congenital cases, and one cryptic case, the agency said in a surveillance summary in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Not only were there more cases, but more cases were classified as severe in 2011 than in 2010, 275 versus 183, a difference that was significant at P=0.0018.

a.MalariaMap.9899f8The CDC report suggested that the increased numbers might be a result of growing international travel to malarial regions, combined with inadequate chemoprevention by travelers. “Malaria isn’t something many doctors see frequently in the United States thanks to successful malaria elimination efforts in the 1940s,” according to CDC Director Thomas Frieden, MD. “The increase in malaria cases reminds us that Americans remain vulnerable and must be vigilant against diseases like malaria because our world is so interconnected by travel,” he said in a statement.

Anopheles mosquito. Malaria carrier. CDC

Anopheles mosquito. Malaria carrier. CDC

The U.S. figures also appear to parallel increases in other countries, the agency said, noting that 2011 numbers in the United Kingdom were up 22% from 2008, although down slightly from 2010. The findings are based on data submitted to the National Malaria Surveillance System, the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System, and the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center. – For complete article see http://www.medpagetoday.com/InfectiousDisease/GeneralInfectiousDisease/42630

Blogger’s Note: Malaria gets very little attention in this blog because, as the numbers reflect, it is primarily an issue for those who travel to other areas of the world and not one of major concern to those who work, play, hike, camp, hunt and fish in the great American outdoors. This article, however, is extremely interesting. JG

Hantavirus:

Deer mouse.

Deer mouse.

New Mexico 10/31/13 Santa Fe County: Officials have confirmed that a 73-year-old female resident of the county has died of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, a disease transmitted through the urine, droppings, or saliva of rodents, especially deer mice. – See http://www.abqjournal.com/291992/abqnewsseeker/hantavirus-claims-second-new-mexico-death.html

West Nile Virus (WNV):

MS_71058_121809421211160_5406251_nMississippi 10/30/13 MS Dept of Health: State officials have confirmed that the third WNV-related fatality this year involved a resident of Forrest County previously reported as a human case of the virus. There have now been 43 human cases reported in the state, including the three fatalities. – For details see http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/_static/23,14460,341.html

dallas cty TXTexas 10/30/13 Dallas County: Officials have confirmed the 14th human case of WNV in the 75089 ZIP code area (Rowlett) of the county this year. – See http://www.nbcdfw.com/news/health/Dallas-County-Confirms-14th-Case-of-West-Nile-Virus-229943881.html

Ector_County.TXTexas 10/30/13 Ector County: Officials have confirmed two human cases of WNV in Odessa. – See http://www.oaoa.com/people/health/article_f0371c44-4106-11e3-8c42-0019bb30f31a.html

Midland_County.TXTexas 10/29/13 Midland County: Officials have confirmed five human cases of WNV in the City of Midland, and Midland Health & Senior Services is currently investigating two new cases. – See video and article at http://www.permianbasin360.com/news-article/more-west-nile-cases-confirmed/d/news-article/rCdvp8HR9Eyypq7O025x4Q

Rabies:

xchng_rabid_meanieMeanDog45Connecticut 10/30/3 New Haven County: East Shore Health District officials are warning Branford residents to take precautions after a raccoon that attacked two dogs tested positive for rabies. Dogs, cats, and livestock should be vaccinated. – For complete article and other precautions see http://branford.patch.com/groups/around-town/p/health-district-rabid-raccoon-discovered-in-branford

PHIL_2186_loresCDCGeorgia 10/29/13 Madison County: Two wild animals have recently tested positive for rabies: a skunk that was in contact with a dog in the 1000 block of Coley Davis Road in Danielsville, and a raccoon that was in contact with a cat in the 400 block of Forest Lane in Colbert. – See http://www.madisonjournaltoday.com/archives/6511-Two-positive-rabies-cases-reported.html

rasf2New Jersey 10/30/13 Camden County: A skunk that was in contact with a dog in Voorhees Township has tested positive for rabies. – See http://philadelphia.cbslocal.com/2013/10/30/skunk-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-camden-county-2/

Rabies. Cow dying of rabies.  Copyright ITMNew York 10/30/13 Herkimer County: A cow stabled in the town of Stark has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.uticaod.com/latestnews/x1155601678/Rabid-cow-confirmed-in-Herkimer-County

fox-and-raccoon-nibble2 (2)Vermont 10/29/13 Addison County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert after a raccoon and a fox found in Bristol tested positive for the virus. The raccoon bit a man, and the fox was dying when it was found. – See http://www.addison-eagle.com/news/2013/oct/29/town-bristol-rabies-alert/

raccoon-loomcomVirginia 10/30/13 Pittsylvania County: A Rabies Alert has been issued by Pittsylvania/Danville Health District officials after a raccoon found in the vicinity of Old Mine Road in the Gretna area tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.godanriver.com/news/pittsylvania_county/article_576c0ca8-4170-11e3-a39d-0019bb30f31a.html

CANADA: Health officials report TRICHINOSIS outbreak in northern QUEBEC ~ CANADA: Alert issued after BOBCAT attacks two DOGS in BRITISH COLUMBIA ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: COYOTES that attacked COLORADAN last week not RABID ~ EEE & WNV reports from AR, CA, IN, KY, LA, MS, & NY ~ RABIES reports from GA, IA, NJx2, NC, PA, SCx2, & VA.

Polar bear. Photo by Ansgar Walk. Wikimedia Commons.

Polar bear. Photo by Ansgar Walk. Wikimedia Commons.

Canada:

220-inukjuak-mapQuebec 10/22/13 cbc.ca/news: Health officials are reporting an outbreak of trichinosis in Inukjuak. Since early October, about 15 people have exhibited symptoms of the illness caused by a parasite sometimes found in the raw meat of animals Including walrus and polar bear. No official source of the outbreak has been identified but the health department is investigating. In the meantime they are advising people to fully cook their meat to kill the parasite before consuming it. – http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/trichinosis-outbreak-in-inukjuak-que-1.2187320

Canada:

bobcat3WiscDNRBritish Columbia 10/22/13 District of Squamish: Officials have confirmed that a bobcat attacked two off-leash dogs in separate incidents on October 22nd along a trail near Garibaldi Highlands. Both attacks occurred in the morning at the south end of Jack’s Trail. – See http://www.squamishchief.com/article/20131022/SQUAMISH0101/131029996/-1/squamish/update-caution-urged-after-bobcat-attacks-dogs

Follow-Up Report:

(See Three COYOTES attack COLORADAN walking to work – posted October 17, 2013)

coyote.88f7.Bing.freeuselicColorado 10/23/13 thedenverchannel.com/news: by Deb Stanley – Three coyotes that attacked a man in Niwot last week have tested negative for rabies. Andrew Dickehage said he was walking before sunrise when he heard what he thought was a bunny rustling in a bush, but when he turned his flashlight on a nearby bush, he was attacked. “I shined the flashlight and before I could finish turning and pointing it at the brush, that’s when the initial impact happened,” Dickehage said. “At that point, I felt severe agony throughout my hand and I looked down and it [the coyote] wouldn’t let go.” Dickehage said as he was fighting off the first coyote with his flashlight, the other two attacked. He managed to stay on his feet until the attack stop and the coyotes ran off. – For complete article see http://www.thedenverchannel.com/news/local-news/wildlife-officials-coyotes-that-attacked-niwot-man-did-not-have-rabies

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Little_River_County.ARArkansas 10/22/13 Little River County: Hospital officials have confirmed that an Ashdown teenager being treated for what is believed to be a rare human case of EEE died on October 22nd. – See article and video at http://www.ksla.com/story/23753290/ar-teen-with-suspected-eastern-equine-encaphalitis-dies

07cd7361057a7994e7e590e1fb0d3868ed6ff5ad-1California 10/21/13 Los Angeles County: Officials have confirmed the county’s 7th WNV-related human fatality. Three fatalities have been confirmed in the past week. All were men – two from South Los Angeles and one from the San Fernando Valley – and all had pre-existing health conditions. – See http://manhattanbeach.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/7-dead-due-to-west-nile-virus-county-confirms_8e79c5d4

Vigo-County.INIndiana 10/21/13 Vigo County: A human WNV-related fatality in the state reported earlier neglected to mention that it occurred in Vigo County. – See http://wibqfm.com/news/articles/2013/oct/21/indianas-first-west-nile-death-from-vigo-county/

Carlisle_County_KYKentucky 10/21/13 Carlisle County: A horse stabled in the county is the second to test positive for EEE in the state this year. – See http://www.thehorse.com/articles/32742/kentucky-reports-second-equine-eee-case-of-2013

LA-DHHLouisiana 10/18/13 LA Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed the state’s third WNV-related death this year. The report is from Rapides Parish, and is the second death this year from Rapides Parish. In addition, the health department is also confirming three new WNV human cases this week, bringing this year’s total number of cases to 51. This week’s new infections include two cases of neuro-invasive disease in Lafayette Parish and one case of neuro-invasive in Ouachita Parish. – See http://www.dhh.louisiana.gov/index.cfm/newsroom/detail/2899

MS_71058_121809421211160_5406251_nMississippi 10/21/13 MS Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed three new human cases of WNV for 2013. The cases were reported in Forrest, Lamar, and Rankin counties, bringing the state total for 2013 to 43 human cases, including two deaths. – For locations of all other cases and other information see http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/_static/23,14422,341.html

Oswego_County_svgNYNew York 10/21/13 Oswego County: Officials have confirmed a human case of WNV in one of the county’s senior residents.  – See http://www.cnycentral.com/news/story.aspx?id=961428#.UmcKKBAljM1

Rabies:

raccoon - CopyGeorgia 10/17/13 Henry County: A raccoon killed by a dog on Chafin Drive in the Kelleytown area of McDonough has tested positive for rabies. – See http://neighbornewspapers.com/view/full_story/23872771/article-Rabies-warning-issued-for-McDonough?instance=all

road_sign_need_helpIowa 10/19/13 Washington County: Police in the town of Washington are searching for a dog they say bit a person late last week. Officers received a report of the incident just before 9 p.m. Friday and they’re searching for a brown dog that resembles a pit bull. Authorities need to find the dog to ensure its rabies vaccination is current otherwise the person bitten will have to undergo a series of rabies shots. Anyone with information is asked to call police at 319-653-2107. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/49d604c98fd64594b1628d8bbfdbb719/IA–Search-for-Dog

cityOfCarrolltonTXNew Jersey 10/21/13 Atlantic County: A raccoon found in the 100 block of South New Road in Absecon last week has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.nbc40.net/story/23751069/sixth-case-of-rabies-confirmed-in-atlantic-county

New Jersey 10/18/13 Mercer County: A skunk found on Temple Terrace in Lawrence Township has tested positive for rabies. The skunk was in contact with neighborhood pets. – See havahart-skunk_120http://lawrenceville.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/skunk-in-lawrence-township-tests-positive-for-rabies

North Carolina 10/17/13 Orange County: A skunk found in a Hillsborough resident’s outdoor dog kennel, has tested positive for rabies. Her dogs have been vaccinated. – See http://www.wral.com/skunk-is-11th-case-of-rabies-in-orange-county/13012716/

450px-Treed_RaccoonsPennsylvania 10/22/13 Delaware County: Two raccoons found in Radnor Township have tested positive for rabies in the past two weeks. One was in the 700 block of Bryn Mawr Avenue, and a second less than a mile away in the 600 block of S. Hunt Road. – See http://mainlinemedianews.com/articles/2013/10/22/main_line_suburban_life/news/doc5266ae9416bea044225119.txt

rabies.warningSouth Carolina 10/22/13 Fairfield County: A dog that was in contact with two people in the Winnsboro area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wltx.com/news/article/253791/2/Dog-Exposes-Two-People-to-Rabies

thumbnailCAMJ7KZ8South Carolina 10/18/13 Oconee County: A skunk that came in contact with a woman in the Westminster area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.foxcarolina.com/story/23729842/oconee-co-woman-expsed-to-rabies-from-skunk

1433850718_c3e303fca7Virginia 10/18/13 Peninsula Health District: A raccoon killed by a dog in the Colony and Putney roads area of Newport News has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wavy.com/news/local/newport-news/rabid-raccoon-killed-by-dog-in-nn

Scientists alarmed by MOOSE die-off across NORTH AMERICA ~ EEE & WNV reports from FL, IL, IN, KS, MA, OH, & TX ~ RABIES reports from GA, TX, VA, & CANADA: ONTARIO.

Bull moose. Courtesy U.S. National Park Service.

Bull moose. Courtesy U.S. National Park Service.

North America 10/14/13: New York Times reporter Jim Robbins has written a chilling article about a moose die-off that has swept across the continent,  but no one has been able to figure out what is causing it. Most believe climate change is playing a significant role. The winters are growing shorter, and the tick population is increasing exponentially. Kristine Rines, a biologist with the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department, says “You can get 100,000 ticks on a moose”. That amounts to a huge loss of blood, not to mention the vexation. In Minnesota, brain worms and liver flukes are wreaking havoc on the moose population, which has dropped from 12,000 to about 3,100 in the past two decades. Heat stress may be a factor, as well as unregulated hunting and the loss of forestation caused by pine bark beetles. Moose don’t run in herds so they’re hard to study. – For the article, photo, and video see http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/15/science/earth/something-is-killing-off-the-moose.html?emc=edit_tnt_20131014&tntemail0=y&_r=0

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Jackson_County.FLFlorida 10/16/13 Jackson County: Officials have confirmed that a horse stabled in the county has tested positive for WNV, and a deer has tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.wmbb.com/story/23712846/west-nile-virus-jackson-county

McLean_County.ILIllinois 10/18/13 McLean County: Health officials have confirmed that a male resident in his 40s is the second human case of WNV in the county this year. – See http://www.pantagraph.com/news/local/mclean-co-reports-nd-human-case-of-west-nile-virus/article_bfc3ebb0-380e-11e3-85df-001a4bcf887a.html

IN-DH-B-W-LogoIndiana 10/18/13 IN Dept of Health: State health officials have announced the state’s first WNV-related fatality this year. Twenty human cases of the virus have been reported. – See http://www.in.gov/activecalendar/EventList.aspx?view=EventDetails&eventidn=136661&information_id=189501&type=&syndicate=syndicate

reno.cty.ksKansas 10/18/13 Reno County: Officials have confirmed that a male resident of Hutchinson in his 70s who died October 15th is the second WNV-related fatality in the county this year. The first was a male resident of Turon in his 60s who died October 3rd. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/e0bb99cbac9d40089b3839828c0edc80/KS–West-Nile-Virus

worcester cty MAMassachusetts 10/17/13 Worcester County: Officials have confirmed that a horse stabled in Charlton tested positive for WNV and was euthanized. – See http://www.telegram.com/article/20131017/NEWS/310179876/1116

Lucas-County.OHOhio 10/18/13 Lucas County: Officials have confirmed that a female resident of Toledo, age 57, is the first person in the county to die of WNV this year. A former kindergarten teacher and mother of seven, the victim died October 12th at Hospice of Northwest Ohio. – See http://www.toledoblade.com/Medical/2013/10/18/West-Nile-virus-claims-life-of-Toledo-woman.html

dallas cty TXTexas 10/18/13 Dallas County: Health officials have confirmed that a resident of ZIP code 75249 in the City of Dallas is the county’s eleventh human case of WNV this year. – See http://thescoopblog.dallasnews.com/2013/10/dallas-county-announces-11th-human-west-nile-infection.html/?nclick_check=1

Rabies:

R02byDNR_WI.govGeorgia 10/16/13 Henry County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert for a one-mile area surrounding 75 Chafin Drive in McDonough after a raccoon that was killed by a dog in that vicinity tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.cbsatlanta.com/story/23708841/rabbies-alert-issued-in-henry-county

stripedskunk_05_thumbTexas 10/15/13 Hunt County: A skunk found in the 600 block of Erica in Greenville on October 9th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://ketr.org/post/rabid-skunk-found-greenville-0

batnewscientist884909Virginia 10/16/13 Wise County: A bat found at a private home  earlier this month near the Town of Pound has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wvva.com/story/23708543/2013/10/16/bat-in-wise-county-is-found-to-have-rabies

Canada:

Big_brown_bat_(Eptesicus_fuscus)_285NPSOntario 10/16/13 Grey-Bruce Health Unit: A big brown bat found in the Tara area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://blackburnnews.com/midwestern-ontario/midwestern-ontario-news/2013/10/16/2nd-rabid-bat-in-grey-bruce/

MALARIA a threat to PENGUIN populations in zoos ~ Scientists report DENGUE FEVER being transmitted in HOUSTON ~ EEE& WNV reports from FL, KS, NH, & TXx2 ~ RABIES reports from MD, MI, & VA.

Humboldt penguin. Photo by Dori. Wikimedia Commons.

Humboldt penguin. Photo by Dori. Wikimedia Commons.

Global 10/06/13 nytimes.com: by Donald G. McNeil Jr. – Zoos all around the world love penguins. They’re cute, they don’t require much space, they never eat zookeepers. And children adore watching them, especially at feeding time. But as carefree as they might look, torpedoing through the water or rocketing into the air like a Poseidon missile, zoo penguins are stalked by an unrelenting killer: malaria. “It’s probably the top cause of mortality for penguins exposed outdoors,” said Dr. Allison N. Wack, a veterinarian at the Maryland Zoo in Baltimore, which is building a new exhibit that will double its flock to a hundred birds. If left untreated, the disease would probably kill at least half the birds it infected, though outbreaks vary widely in intensity.

King penguin. Photo by Mark Dickson. Wikimedia Commons.

King penguin. Photo by Mark Dickson. Wikimedia Commons.

The avian version is not a threat to humans because mosquitoes carrying malaria and the parasites are species-specific; mosquitoes that bite birds or reptiles tend not to bite mammals, said Dr. Paul P. Calle, chief veterinarian for the Wildlife Conservation Society, which runs New York City’s zoos. And avian malaria is caused by strains of the Plasmodium parasite that do not infect humans. But for penguins in captivity, the threat is so great that many zoos dose their birds in summer with pills for malaria, said Dr. Richard Feachem, director of global health at the University of California, San Francisco.

Emperor penguin. Photo by Samuel Blanc. Wikimedia Commons.

 

Emperor penguin. Photo by Samuel Blanc. www.sblanc.com

Last year, six Humboldt penguins in the London Zoo died of malaria. London is also where the first case of penguin malaria was diagnosed almost a century ago; it was found in a King penguin in 1926. Since then, there have been many outbreaks of avian malaria, including at zoos in Baltimore, South Korea, Vienna and Washington, D.C. The last major American one was at the Blank Park Zoo in Des Moines during the hot, wet summer of 1986. From May to September of that year, 38 of the 46 Magellanic penguins the zoo had just imported from Chile succumbed. – For complete article see http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/08/science/earth/zoos-aim-to-ward-off-a-penguin-killer.html?emc=edit_tnt_20131006&tntemail0=y

Dengue Fever:

dengue_alert548Texas 10/09/13 chron.com: by Todd Ackerman – Dengue fever, a virulent tropical disease thought to be eradicated from the United States in the 1950s, has re-emerged in Houston, according to a new study. Baylor College of Medicine scientists are reporting the mosquito-borne virus has recently been transmitted in Houston, the first evidence the disease so prevalent in the developing world has spread to a major U.S. city in large numbers. In the past decade, it has been identified in Hawaii, south Florida and along the Texas-Mexico border. “Dengue virus can cause incredibly severe disease and death,” said Dr. Kristy Murray, a professor of tropical medicine at Baylor College of Medicine and the study’s principal investigator. “This study shows that Houston may be at risk of an outbreak, that people need to be on the lookout.”

baylorMurray’s team investigated the possibility that dengue might be in Houston because the area has the type of mosquitoes known to carry the virus and a dense population full of frequent travelers south of the border, where the virus is endemic. But the study, published Wednesday in the journal Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, found that most of the infections were transmitted in Houston. There is no vaccine or treatment for the virus. A pandemic outside the United States – hot spots are in India and Bangladesh, Indonesia, Brazil and Mexico – dengue infects more than 100 million people a year, killing at least 25,000. Identified in nine tropical countries before 1970, it has spread to more than 100 today. – For complete article and precautions see http://www.chron.com/news/health/article/Dengue-virus-identified-in-Houston-4883103.php

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Jackson_County_FLFlorida 10/09/13 Jackson County: Officials have confirmed that a deer found off Firebird Lane, south of Marianna, has tested positive for EEE. A resident notified authorities after his dog was exposed to a deer that was behaving abnormally. – See http://www.wmbb.com/story/23650822/deer-tests-positive-for-eee-in-jackson-county

KansasDeptHealthKansas 10/09/13 KS Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed 12 additional human cases of WNV in the past week bringing the total number of human cases so far this year to 32, including two fatalities. As of Oct. 7, the case count by county in Kansas is: Sedgwick-7, Barton-6, Johnson-3, Sherman-2, Wyandotte-2, Atchison-1, Butler-1, Chautauqua-1, Decatur-1, Ellis-1, Logan-1, Marshall-1, Republic-1, Rice-1, Rush-1, and Saline-1. – See http://www.kdheks.gov/news/web_archives/2013/10092013.htm

nh-medicaidNew Hampshire 10/09/13 NH Dept of Health: Officials today confirmed that a horse stabled in the Belknap County town of Belmont has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.dhhs.nh.gov/media/pr/2013/10-oct/10092013horse.htm

tarrant cty TXTexas 10/09/13 Tarrant County: Officials have confirmed a second county resident has died after contracting WNV. The victim was a male from Arlington in his 70s. The other fatality was a male resident of South Fort Worth in his 30s. So far this year five human cases of WNV have been identified in the county, including the two fatalities. – See http://www.nbcdfw.com/news/health/Arlington-Man-Dies-After-Contracting-West-Nile-Virus-227078781.html

dallascountysealTexas 10/08/13 Dallas County Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed the ninth human case of WNV in the county so far this year. The resident lives in ZIP code 75149 and is diagnosed with West Nile Neuro-invasive Disease. See http://www.dallascounty.org/department/hhs/press/documents/PressRelease_NinthPositiveHumanCase10082013.pdf

Rabies:

Bing.free.use.license.d88808sjpgMaryland 10/09/13 Anne Arundel County: A raccoon found Monday at the Fort Smallwood Park gate house has tested positive for rabies. The park is in Pasadena and officials are advising anyone who may have had contact with the raccoon to seek immediate medical advice. – See http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/anne-arundel/pasadena/bs-md-ar-rabid-racoon-20131009,0,1700238.story

Bat%20SketchMichigan 10/08/13 Tuscola County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert after a bat found in the county tested positive for the virus. – See video and article at http://www.wnem.com/story/23642583/bat-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-local-community

1248930287_t4KVf-L-1Virginia 10/08/13 Accomack County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert after a raccoon found roaming Cropper and Church streets in Chincoteague tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.delmarvanow.com/article/20131008/ESN01/310080073/CHINCOTEAGUE-Officials-concerned-after-third-case-rabies-year-found-island

LEPTOSPIROSIS said to be endemic in parts of OHIO and MICHIGAN ~ CANADA: Domestic PORK-related TRICHINOSIS found on private farm in ONTARIO ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS report from GEORGIA ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CAx3, ID, ILx3, IN, MA, NY, PA, & WY ~ RABIES reports from FL, & NC ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: RHODE ISLAND officials rule out RABIES in death of second CALF.

Photo courtesy U.S. Army.

Photo courtesy U.S. Army.

National 07/29/13: Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects both animals and humans, and it’s more prevalent this year because of heavier rain. There are about 100 strains that are recognized, but most vets vaccinate for the four most common in the U.S. The bacteria are spread through the urine of infected hosts, which can get into water or soil and can survive there for weeks to months. Many different wild and domestic animals carry the disease. Humans can become infected through contact with the urine or other body fluids, but not saliva, of infected animals, or through contact with water, soil, or food contaminated with the urine of infected animals. The bacteria can enter the body through skin or mucous (eyes, nose, or mouth) membranes, especially if the skin is broken from a cut or scratch. Drinking contaminated water can also lifemoto_blogspot_comcause infection. Person to person transmission is rare. In humans, leptospirosis can cause a wide range of flu-like symptoms and lasts from a few days to 3 or more weeks. Without treatment, recovery may take several months. Leptospirosis is an occupational hazard for many who work outdoors or with animals, and it has been associated with recreational activities in contaminated lakes and rivers. According to a recent article in The Blade of Toledo by Tanya Irwin, the disease is endemic in northwest Ohio and southeast Michigan.– For Tanya Irwin’s article see http://www.toledoblade.com/Medical/2013/07/29/Flulike-bacteria-sickens-people-and-pets-alike.html and for more information about Leptospirosis see http://www.cdc.gov/leptospirosis/index.html

Trichinosis:

Canada:

Trichinosis2Ontario 07/26/13 owensoundsuntimes.com: by Tracey Richardson – A Bruce County child has had the extremely rare distinction of acquiring trichinosis from pork — something that was thought to have been eradicated from the province for decades. Trichinosis is caused by small roundworms of the trichinella species. Infective larvae are transferred by the consumption of raw or undercooked infected meat. The problem was most prevalent in swine until government regulations and inspections clamped down on the industry. The last swine outbreak in Ontario happened in 1977. Until this January, the last human case of trichinosis associated with the consumption of infected domestic pork occurred in 1980. There was an outbreak in Ontario in 1993 among a couple of dozen people who’d eaten smoked wild boar meat. Nowadays, trichinosis is usually confined to meat from wild animals. . . . .

img_7978The Bruce County case happened in January this year at a Mennonite farm, said Grey Bruce medical officer of health Dr. Hazel Lynn. The farm was non-commercial and the pig was slaughtered and consumed on the farm. No part of the animal ever entered the commercial food supply. News of the case was mentioned in passing at the public health board’s monthly meeting Friday. Lynn said the child was diagnosed by an “astute” pediatrician in London, although the child recovered without treatment. Lynn said when the farmer acquired the piglet, it was free of trichinella. “So it happened between being a tiny piglet and growing up to be slaughtered,” she said. “However their animal husbandry on the farm was pretty old style, so anything left over got fed to the pigs. Now if you cook it all, it’s OK. But also there were rats around, which many barns have, whether or not they’re well looked after, and that’s probably where this pig got it.” It’s believed the child consumed infected smoked ham or sausage from the infected pig. Smoking the meat does not heat it to a high enough temperature to kill the larvae. The CFIA recommends cooking all wild game meat, pork and horse meat to an internal temperature of at least 71 degrees C. – For complete article see http://www.owensoundsuntimes.com/2013/07/26/rare-trichinosis-happened-on-bruce-county-farm

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

Clinch County_GAGeorgia 07/29/13 Clinch County: A 70-year-old county resident has tested positive for EEE. This is the first human case of EEE in the state, and the third in the country so far this year. Five to ten human cases are reported nationally each year. – See http://www.walb.com/story/22956635/human-eee-reported-in-clinch-co

West Nile Virus (WNV):

San_Luis_Obispo_County.CACalifornia 07/26/13 San Luis Obispo County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes collected at Pismo State Beach this month have tested positive for WNV. –  See http://www.ksby.com/news/west-nile-virus-detected-in-mosquitoes-found-in-pismo-beach/

LAcountyVectorControl.CACalifornia 07/27/13 Greater Los Angeles County Vector Control District: GLACVCD has confirmed more WNV positive test results in 25 mosquito samples and three dead birds collected throughout its jurisdiction. This is the first sign of virus activity this year in Burbank, Elysian Valley, Encino, Granada Hills, North Hills, Santa Clarita and Watts. Please refer to chart for a breakdown of the latest WNV activity. – For article and chart see http://hometownstation.com/santa-clarita-news/west-nile-virus-has-been-found-mosquito-scv-36585

Glenn_County.CACalifornia 07/27/13 Glenn County: An elderly county resident has been identified as the state’s sixth human case of WNV so far this year. Five others were infected across Los Angeles County. – See http://www.nbclosangeles.com/news/local/Additional-West-Nile-Virus-Case-California-217138161.html

Larimer_County.COColorado 07/27/13 Larimer County: Health officials have confirmed that Larimer County now leads the state in the number of mosquitoes testing positive for WNV, and at least one human case of the virus has been reported in the county. Fort Collins officials are warning residents that the southeast part of the city is showing more prevalence of the mosquitoes that carry the virus. Boulder and Mesa counties are also showing a higher prevalence of the infected mosquitoes. – See http://www.coloradoan.com/article/20130727/NEWS01/307270016/West-Nile-virus-spreads-Larimer-County-where-53-mosquito-groups-tested-positive

Payette-County_IDIdaho 07/27/13 Payette County: Health officials have announced that the county’s first human case of WNV is a male in his 40s who is now hospitalized. – See http://www.idahopress.com/members/west-nile-virus-found-in-horses-humans/article_20aabe40-f66a-11e2-b215-0019bb2963f4.html

ILLINOIS_DPHIllinois 07/29/13 DuPage and Will counties: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped at Seager and Springhill parks in Naperville have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.positivelynaperville.com/2013/07/29/area-mosquito-traps-initially-test-positive-for-west-nile-virus/25027

madisoncounty_ILIllinois 07/27/13 Madison County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in Mitchell, Bethalto, Edwardsville, Glen Carbon and Meadowbrook have tested positive for WNV. – See http://altondailynews.com/news/details.cfm?clientid=17&id=86859#.UfWMJ23DK5d

Kane cty ILIllinois 07/26/13 Kane County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in Aurora and in Algonquin have tested positive for WNV. – See http://stcharles-il.patch.com/groups/summer/p/west-nile-virus-threat-grows-in-kane-county

IN-DH-B-W-LogoIndiana 07/26/13 Indiana DOH: State health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in Kosciusko and Starke counties have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.wsbt.com/news/wsbt-west-nile-virus-found-in-n-ind-20130726,0,5321104.story

plymouth cty MAMassachusetts 07/28/13 Plymouth County: Public health officials confirmed Friday  that mosquitoes trapped in Rockland have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2013/07/27/west-nile-virus-detected-mosquito/VyE0GEAaEcmiQlsn5sBMVP/story.html

Erie_County.NYNew York 07/26/13 Erie County: Mosquitoes collected in Amherst on July 17th and 18th have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.buffalonews.com/city-region/mosquitoes-infected-with-west-nile-virus-found-in-amherst-20130726

lehigh cty PAPennsylvania 07/26/13 Lehigh County: State officials have reported that mosquitoes trapped in Lower Macungie Township, Allentown, and Bethlehem have tested positive for WNV. – See https://www.google.com/search?q=bethlehem+pa&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-a

Rabies:

cat-child-300x225Florida 07/26/13 Pasco County: A Rabies Alert has been issued for the northwest portion of the county after a cat tested positive for the virus. – For area boundaries of the alert see http://www.baynews9.com/content/news/baynews9/news/article.html/content/news/articles/bn9/2013/7/26/rabies_alert_issued_.html

fox1cNorth Carolina 07/26/13 Wake County: A fox that came in contact with a resident of the 1000 block of Valleystone Drive in Cary on Thursday has tested positive for rabies. A Rabies Alert has been issued for those living in the vicinity of the High House Road and Davis Drive intersection. – For map of the area see http://abclocal.go.com/wtvd/story?section=news/local&id=9186608

Follow-Up Report:

(See – Officials fear a “large number” of people in TIVERTON, RHODE ISLAND, may have been exposed to RABIES – posted July 27, 2013)

question-markRhode Island 07/27/13 providencejournal.com: by Felice J. Freyer: Laboratory tests have ruled out rabies as the cause of a brown calf’s death on Friday, the second of two calves that died near a Tiverton ice cream shop. But it still isn’t known what killed the brown calf. And the Health Department’s advice remains the same for people who came in contact with the black-and-white calf that died July 21 in the same pasture, next to Gray’s Ice Cream shop. People who came in contact with that calf, known as Oreo, between July 5 and July 21 should call the Health Department at (401) 222-2577 to find out if they should receive rabies shots. Oreo died six days after biting a child, but word of its death did not reach authorities in time to test the calf for rabies. Rabies remains a possibility for Oreo. Oreo was removed from direct public contact on July 16, and only the animal’s handlers may have been exposed from July 16 through July 21. There is no risk of rabies for those who came in contact with the calf before July 5. – For complete article see http://www.providencejournal.com/breaking-news/content/20130727-r.i.-health-department-rules-out-rabies-in-death-of-second-tiverton-calf.ece

CHAGAS DISEASE unknown to most but scientists say very costly to U.S. economy ~ FLORIDA man dies of EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS ~ RABIES reports from FL, & NC.

Logo_treat_chagas=PD-WC

Global 02/11/13 nytimes.com: by Donald G. McNeil Jr. – Chagas disease may be obscure, but the economic burden it imposes on the world is greater than that of better-known diseases, like cervical cancer or cholera, according to a new study. Even in the United States, the authors said, the costs of Chagas are commensurate with those of more publicized diseases, like Lyme disease. (In the same league, perhaps, but not quite equal. In their study, published in Lancet Infectious Diseases, the authors calculated that Chagas cost the American economy $900 million a year. A 1998 study estimated that Lyme disease cost $2.5 billion.)

Chagas disease is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which is transmitted to animals and people by insect vectors that are found only in the Americas (mainly, in rural areas of Latin America where poverty is widespread). The insect vectors are called triatomine bugs (also called kissing bugs or conenose bugs). Chagas disease is also referred to as American trypanosomiasis.AZ Dept of Health Services.

Chagas disease is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which is transmitted to animals and people by insect vectors that are found only in the Americas (mainly, in rural areas of Latin America where poverty is widespread). The insect vectors are called triatomine bugs (also called kissing bugs or conenose bugs). Chagas disease is also referred to as American trypanosomiasis.AZ Dept of Health Services.

Chagas disease is caused by a trypanosome parasite transmitted by the bloodsucking “kissing bug,” which bites victims as they sleep. Transmission is endemic in much of Latin America, from central Mexico to northern Argentina. Kissing bugs have been found in the southern United States; the bugs tend to live in substandard housing and animal pens. The parasites cause an initial flulike illness that can be cured if it is caught. But it is often not diagnosed, and the infection may become chronic. It may be silent for decades and then emerge as long-term damage to the heart or intestines. It can be fatal. Up to 10 million people may be infected, many of whom have emigrated from Latin America seeking jobs in the United States, Canada and Europe — especially Spain.

Triatomine bugs are typically found in the southern United States, Mexico, Central America, and South America (as far south as southern Argentina). The map above details triatomine occurrence by U.S. state. CDC 2012.

Triatomine bugs are typically found in the southern United States, Mexico, Central America, and South America (as far south as southern Argentina). The map above details triatomine occurrence by U.S. state. CDC 2012.

The authors, from the University of Pittsburgh and Baylor University, estimated the economic burden by trying to calculate the cost of hospitalization and care, including pacemaker implants, for those with heart damage or other organ failure. The costs vary by country, of course, with the United States being the most expensive. The researchers then added estimates of “disability-adjusted life years,” a measure of Baylor-logo-O-300x245how many years of healthy life are lost. They “cost” more when they are subtracted from the life of a working-age adult in a high-wage country than from pitt_logoa retiree or an infant in a poor country. The authors estimate that the global burden of Chagas is about $7 billion a year. By comparison, the burden of cervical cancer — a notorious killer of women, but almost only in poor countries, and usually as they age out of their working lives — is estimated at below $5 billion.

Dr. Peter J. Hotez

Dr. Peter J. Hotez

The burden of rotavirus, a diarrheal disease that kills many babies but rarely endangers anyone over age 5, is estimated at $2 billion. (By contrast, lung cancer’s burden is estimated at $83 billion a year, and breast cancer’s at $35 billion.) Many millions have been spent developing a rotavirus vaccine and on ways to fight cervical cancer in poor countries. Knowing that Chagas is a serious economic threat could push policy makers to spend more money on developing vaccines against it, said Dr. Peter J. Hotez, dean of the National School of Tropical Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine and a co-author of the new study. Dr. Hotez is also president of the Sabin Vaccine Institute, which is doing research on Chagas vaccines. – For links to health guide and other relative topics see http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/12/health/chagas-disease-costs-us-more-than-better-known-illnesses.html?emc=tnt&tntemail0=y&_r=0

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

imagesCA5TB1FLFlorida 02/07/13 Levy County: Health officials have confirmed that a 90-year-old male residing near Bronson died late last month of EEE. This is the first human case of EEE ever reported in the county, they said. – See http://www.chieflandcitizen.com/content/levy-man-dies-eastern-equine-encephalitis

Rabies:

batsyumagrandeFlorida 02/13/13 Duval County: Health officials have issued a Rabies Alert for the Ortega area of Jacksonville because of a rabid bat. – See http://jacksonville.com/news/metro/2013-02-13/story/rabid-bat-leads-rabies-alert-ortega-area

Oz the four month old Snow Monkey makes an appearance at Central Park Zero, Manhattan, New York, USANorth Carolina 02/12/13 Alamance County: Two raccoons recently involved in separate alterations with two different dogs have tested positive for rabies. On Friday, a raccoon and dog fought on Troendly Street in the northwest part of the county, and a different raccoon attacked another dog Monday on Bethel Methodist Church Road. Both dogs had to be euthanized. – See http://www.thetimesnews.com/news/top-news/county-confirms-second-third-rabies-cases-of-2013-1.94331

Was the U.S. blood industry’s supply of raw plasma flowing in from Latin American and Caribbean countries in the 1970s contaminated with Hepatitis C?

BookCoverImage-2

LAMB’S BLOOD is a novel based on a human blood collecting operation in Nicaragua that was exporting its product in huge quantities to U.S. blood industry facilities in the 1970s.

Hepatitis C (HCV) is a contagious liver disease caused by a virus. Those who contract the disease are at risk of developing liver cirrhosis and/or liver cancer. There was no screening test for HCV prior to the 1990s, and it was known the disease was heavily endemic throughout Latin America and the Caribbean region. Nevertheless, the U.S. blood industry was importing raw human blood products from a great many of the Latin American and Caribbean nations in the 1970s and 1980s. Other human blood transmitted diseases include Hepatitis A and B, HIV/AIDS, Chagas, Malaria, West Nile Virus, and others.

LAMB’S BLOOD is now available through Amazon.com, the Kindle Store, and through local independent bookstores.

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ALASKAN infected with TRICHINOSIS after eating BLACK BEAR meat ~ CANADA: MANITOBAN dies of HANTAVIRUS ~ MOUNTAIN LION reports from ID, & MO ~ COYOTE report from ILLINOIS ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CA, FL, & TX.

Black bear. Photo by Ohio Department of Natural Resources.

Alaska 10/25/12 adn.com: by Michelle Theriault Boots – The black bear meat tasted delicious. Sean Sullivan didn’t know it would give him trichinosis. “Like the best steak you’ve ever had,” said the 32-year-old oil platform worker from Nikiski. It was early summer and Sullivan was at his remote cabin east of McGrath. There were a lot of black bears in the area, he said. One day Sullivan was heading back to the cabin to sharpen a chain saw when he saw a bear trying to break in. “I noticed a big black fuzzy thing halfway through the door,” he said. Sullivan pulled out a pistol and shot the six-foot tall bear. (He says he reported the killing to the Alaska Department of Fish and Game.) Later he and a friend skinned the animal and stored the meat in freezer bags in the river to keep it cold. For dinner he cooked some of the meat in a skillet with butter, pepper and garlic salt. He ate the bear with peas and rice, sitting on the porch of a cabin with a view of the nearby Trimokish Hills.

Bear steak.

Looking back, Sullivan says the meat seemed to be cooked to “something a little more than medium rare.” “It obviously wasn’t enough,” he said. That became clear six weeks later, when he started noticing uncharacteristic soreness in his legs and back. Next came an upset stomach, flu-like symptoms and a high fever. He became sensitive to sound. His eyes hurt. Then his wife found him in the bathtub in the middle of the night in the midst of a fever hallucination about snowmachine repair. “I kept saying, ‘I’m trying to figure this out, I almost got it figured out,'” he says. His wife had already figured out that it was time for Sullivan to get to a hospital.

At first, doctors thought he might have meningitis. But then they started down a “strange line of questioning,” he remembers: Had he gone hunting recently? Had he shot any bears? Had he eaten them? A diagnosis soon followed: Trichinosis. It’s caused by eating raw or undercooked meat infected with the larvae of a worm called Trichinella, which reproduces and eventually travels through arteries to become cysts in muscle tissue. The disease, most associated with pork, can cause a litany of symptoms from aching joints to swelling of the face and eyes and in serious cases can be fatal. Worldwide, about 10,000 cases of trichinosis are recorded each year. In the United States, the number has dropped from 400 per year on average in the 1940s to 20 or fewer today, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That drop can be attributed to better sanitary practices in the pork industry and improved public awareness of the risks of eating raw or undercooked meat, the CDC says. – For complete article see http://www.adn.com/2012/10/25/2672252/dinner-of-black-bear-leads-to.html

Hantavirus:

Canada:

Deer mouse. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Manitoba 10/26/12 winnipegsun.com: by Joyanne Pursaga – A Manitoban has died from complications of hantavirus infection for the first time in 12 years. The province says the middle-aged Winnipeg man was otherwise healthy when he passed away last week. His is the first such death in Manitoba since 2000. The virus is found in the urine, feces and saliva of infected deer mice. Manitoba Health is warning people about the rare but highly fatal air-borne hantavirus. – For complete article see http://www.winnipegsun.com/2012/10/26/winnipeg-man-dies-of-hantavirus

Mountain Lion Sightings:

Idaho 10/26/12 Ada County: Wildlife officials plan to set mountain lion traps on Saturday along the Boise River between the Glenwood Bridge and Eagle Road. More than 10 mountain lion sightings have been reported in the vicinity in the last three weeks ranging from Eagle, to Garden City, to east Boise. Last week, a dog was attacked. Officials say, while the traps are set, people out on the Greenbelt should keep pets on a leash. – See http://www.ktvb.com/news/Search-for-mountain-lion-ramps-up-around-Boise-175958521.html

Missouri 10/26/12 Reynolds County: Officials have confirmed a photo of a mountain lion taken by a trail camera on October 10th in the Current River Conservation Area about five miles south of Ellington. – See http://www.therolladailynews.com/article/20121026/NEWS/121029229/-1/entertainment%20life

Coyote Attacks:

Illinois 10/26/12 DuPage County: City officials confirm there have been 20 reports of coyote sightings in Wheaton as of October 10th, and there were 22 similar reports last month. A new interactive map has been published that allows residents to report exactly where they’ve seen coyotes. – See http://wheaton.patch.com/articles/coyotes-report-your-sightings-here

West Nile Virus (WNV):

California 10/26/12 Marin County: Mosquito and vector control officials have confirmed that five more WNV infected birds have tested positive in the communities of San Rafael, Novato, Ross, Corte Madera, and Greenbrae. – See http://millvalley.patch.com/articles/wnv-infected-bird-found-in-san-rafael

Florida 10/25/12 Suwannee County: Health officials advise there has been increased mosquito-borne disease activity in some areas of the county and two horses have tested positive for WNV. – See http://suwanneedemocrat.com/local/x699464220/Two-horses-test-positive-for-West-Nile-Virus-in-Suwannee-County

Texas 10/26/12 Hidalgo County: Health officials have confirmed that another horse has tested positive for WNV in the city of Edinburg bringing the total number of WNV cases in the county this year to five: three equine and two human cases. – See http://www.themonitor.com/news/local/article_d47dcee6-1fcc-11e2-acb5-001a4bcf6878.html

PENNSYLVANIA confirms first case of CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE on DEER farm ~ EEE & WNV reports from AZ, & FL ~ RABIES report from OREGON ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: COYOTE that attacked UTAH security guard tested negative for RABIES ~ TRAVEL WARNINGS: 14 new cases of MALARIA reported in GREECE.

Whitetailed Deer. Photo by ForestWander. Wikimedia Commons.

Pennsylvania 10/11/12 mcall.com: The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture today confirmed the first positive case of Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) in the state on a deer farm in Adams County. The disease is fatal in deer, elk and moose, but there is no evidence that CWD can be transmitted to humans, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and The World Health Organization. The positive sample was taken from a white-tailed deer at 1491 New Chester Rd., New Oxford, and tested as part of Pennsylvania’s intensive CWD monitoring efforts. The sample tissue was tested at the Pennsylvania Veterinary Laboratory in Harrisburg and verified at the National Veterinary Services Laboratory in Ames, Iowa. In addition to the Adams County location, the department has quarantined two farms directly associated with the positive deer at 6464 Jacks Hollow Rd., Williamsport, Lycoming County, and 61 Pickett Rd., Dover, York County. The quarantine prevents movement of animals on and off the premises. – For complete article see http://blogs.mcall.com/outdoors/2012/10/first-case-of-chronic-wasting-disease-cwd-confirmed-in-pennsylvania.html

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Arizona 10/11/12 Mohave County: Health officials have confirmed the first human case of WNV in the county so far this year in a Mohave Valley man in his 70s. – See http://www.mohavedailynews.com/articles/2012/10/11/news/local/doc50766f70adfa3869294419.txt

Florida 10/11/12 Hernando County: Health officials announced Thursday that one of its sentinel chickens has tested positive for the EEE. The chicken is located in the northwest corner of the county, off Zebrafinch Ave. west of U.S. 19. The result means mosquitoes carrying the virus are present in the area. – See http://www.baynews9.com/content/news/baynews9/news/article.html/content/news/articles/bn9/2012/10/11/hernando_chicken_tes.html

Rabies:

Oregon 10/10/12 Benton County: Health officials have confirmed that a bat tested positive for rabies. This is the third positive bat for rabies in the county this year. On Tuesday, Oct. 2, a woman working at a horse arena in the Philomath area scooped two bats out of a watering trough. One bat was dead and the other was alive but weak from the time in the water. Since the bats were scooped out barehanded, it was decided they should be tested for rabies. One of the bats was positive for rabies. The woman who had contact with the bat will be evaluated for receiving the post-exposure rabies vaccine. – See http://democratherald.com/news/local/third-benton-county-bat-tests-positive-for-rabies/article_20f57026-2ecb-57ee-91c6-484d6b9e9cdb.html?comment_form=true

Follow-Up Report:

(See “UTAH security guard staffing entry booth attacked by COYOTE” posted 10/10/12)

Utah 10/10/12 standard.net: Utah officials say test results are negative for rabies for a coyote that attacked a guard at a Kennecott Utah Copper site in Salt Lake City. Leslie McFarlane of the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources says the rabies test came back negative Wednesday, but a necropsy to determine any other signs of illness in the coyote is still pending. Results of the necropsy are expected sometime next week. – See http://www.standard.net/stories/2012/10/10/coyote-attack-called-strange
Travel Warnings:

Greece 10/11/12 cdc.gov: The CDC has received information that there have been 14 additional P. vivax malaria cases identified in Greece; four that are locally-acquired cases in Greek residents with no previous travel, and 10 cases in immigrants. Those 10 cases could have either been imported or acquired locally. Between Jan 1 and Oct 1, 2012, Greece has reported a total of 70 cases of malaria. Of those, 54 were caused by P. vivax (12 are locally acquired, 2 are relapses, and 40 occurred in immigrants). Those among immigrants from P. vivax-endemic countries could have either been imported or acquired locally. The immigrants reported being in Greece from as short as a few days before onset of symptoms to as long as 4 years before the onset of symptoms.

Three of the new cases occurred in areas where malaria had not been previously identified. (see map)  The first occurred in an agricultural setting in Selino, Xanthi. The second case was in a patient who travelled within Greece, and was believed to have become infected with malaria in Viotia. The third case occurred in a patient from Karditsa. The fourth new case had onset of symptoms at the end of Sep and is believed to have acquired the infection in Evrotas in the Laconia (southeastern Peloponnese) region. The agricultural area of Evrotas was the principal site of the 2011 P. vivax outbreak and was also where other locally-acquired were identified in Jun, Jul, and Aug of 2012. No new cases have been reported in Markopoulo and Marathon, two areas were cases had been identified during Jun through Aug.  No locally transmitted malaria cases have been reported in Athens.

AVIAN MALARIA spreads north into ALASKA ~ EHD killing DEER in more than 40 INDIANA counties ~ COYOTE reports from IL, & CANADA: BC ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CA, MA, & RI ~ RABIES reports from CT, & MD.

Black-capped Chicadee. Photo by Algonquin Provincial Park. Ontario, Canada. Wikimedia Commons.

Alaska 09/21/12 chicagotribune.com: by Yereth Rosen – Malaria is infecting birds as far north as Alaska’s interior, and a rapidly warming climate may be the reason the mosquito-borne disease appears to be advancing northward, a new study shows. It is the first time scientists have detected the transmission of avian malaria in local birds at such far-north latitudes anywhere in North America, said the study, published on Wednesday in the scientific journal PLOS One. “We now have shown that malaria is being transmitted in Alaska,” said Ravinder Sehgal, a San Francisco State University biologist and a lead researcher on the project. While tropical birds that migrate to Alaska in the summer are known to carry the disease, there had never been any documented cases of it spreading to non-migratory Alaska birds or birds newly hatched in Alaska that had not yet flown south, Sehgal said.

Longer periods of warm weather in the summer may be allowing the malaria parasite to thrive in Alaska and be transmitted by mosquitoes, Sehgal said. “The question was, how far north is it getting, and is it going to get to birds that have never expressed it?” he said. The study notes that temperatures have been increasing in the Arctic at almost twice the average global rate, and that the warming climate has changed vegetation in the far north. The study evaluated blood samples taken last year from birds in Anchorage, Fairbanks and Coldfoot, a community north of the Arctic Circle. The researchers found avian malaria in resident and hatch-year birds in Anchorage and Fairbanks, though not as far north as Coldfoot.

Dr. Ravinder Sehgal

Of 676 birds tested, 7.2 percent were found to be infected. Some of the hardest-hit birds were black-capped chickadees, Sehgal said. Of the black-capped chickadees tested in Anchorage, about 30 percent were infected. Further studies are underway to try to determine what type of mosquito might be spreading the disease, Sehgal said. It is unclear what effect avian malaria might have on the Alaska birds. For some species elsewhere, malaria transmissions are devastating, Sehgal said. Penguins, which have no natural defenses against malaria, die when they are infected in zoos, he said. Malaria also has seriously damaged bird populations in Hawaii, where non-native mosquitoes have been introduced to the habitat. But Alaskans need not fear for their health, Sehgal said. The study detected only avian malaria, which is different from the type of malaria that afflicts mammals. “Certainly, it is not going to spread to humans,” he said.

Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease:

Indiana 09/21/12 indystar.com: by Ryan Sabalow – A virus plaguing the state’s whitetail deer herds likely has spread to more than 40 Indiana counties, including Marion. But biologists say hunters and outdoor enthusiasts shouldn’t be worried about catching the disease. Biologists at the Department of Natural Resources this week received lab test results confirming their suspicions that the state’s deer have increasingly been dying from epizootic hemorrhagic disease. The tests confirmed the virus in the bodies of dead wild whitetail in LaGrange, Miami, Morgan and Sullivan counties. Captive deer at farms in Adams, Marshall, Putnam and Vanderburgh counties also had it. Biologists say dead deer in more than three dozen other counties also likely succumbed to the disease, though lab testing hasn’t been done in those cases. Deer that have the disease often appear lethargic and obviously sickly. They can have blue-tinted tongues and eyes, open sores on their tongues and mouths and their hooves can start to fall off. Feverish, they often head toward water to try to cool their overheated bodies. But some deer can carry the virus and never get sick. Others, says Brian MacGowan, an extension wildlife specialist at Purdue University, can have symptoms but not die. The disease doesn’t spread from deer to deer. Rather, MacGowan says, small biting insects called midges carry the virus. The virus is an almost yearly occurrence, but drought years — like the one Indiana just went through — often spawn larger outbreaks. Typically, the virus stops spreading after the first frosts of the season kills off the midges. – For complete article see http://www.indystar.com/article/20120921/NEWS/209210352/Virus-confirmed-Indiana-deer-poses-no-danger-hunters-officials-say

Coyote Attacks:

Illinois 09/22/12 DuPage County: by Sarah Small – Two small dogs were attacked by a pack of coyotes Thursday night in Wheaton, and while one is injured but recovering, the second has gone missing, according to reports. Jake, a 12-year old silky terrier, and Floyd, a 15-month old Yorkshire terrier, were surrounded by between four and six coyotes in their backyard on Mohican Drive, near Herrick Lake in the Arrowhead Estates neighborhood, according to their owner Sue Reid. Jake was bit several times by the coyotes, but rescued by Reid. When she ran outside to break up the fight, Floyd was missing. – See http://www.mysuburbanlife.com/lisle/news/police_and_fire/x1217098945/One-dog-injured-one-missing-following-coyote-attack-in-Wheaton

Canada:

British Columbia 09/22/12 ctvnews.ca: A Kamloops man is warning people to lock up their garbage and not to feed animals after he was attacked by a coyote while riding his bike earlier this week. Mark Dal Ponte was riding his bike home from work Sunday night when noticed he was being chased by a coyote. “We’d seen the coyote around before,” said Dal Ponte. “I was joking with some coworkers that it was going to chase me home because I smelled like fried chicken and, sure enough, ten minutes later there he was.” He said the coyote bumped into him, forcing him to jump off his bike. Then the animal nipped around his heels and he managed to scare off the attacker by kicking at it. A short time after, it returned. “I got my bike between me and the coyote and kept kicking and hollering and throwing rocks,” said Dal Ponte. Eventually the coyote left permanently and a large male coyote in the area was destroyed by conservation officers. Experts said it is rare for coyotes to go after people. If they do it is usually a small child and Dal Ponte is six feet, two inches tall. Dal Ponte said people need to lock up their garbage and not feed animals, so such attacks don’t happen again.

West Nile Virus (WNV):

California 09/23/12 San Bernadino County: Health officials confirm one new human case of WNV in Chino and two others pending in the surrounding area. – See http://www.championnewspapers.com/articles/2012/09/23/news/doc505ce03e4c434408823707.txt

Massachusetts 09/22/12 Essex County: A mosquito trapped near Chebacco Lake on the east end of town in Hamilton has tested positive for WNV. – See http://hamilton-wenham.patch.com/articles/west-nile-found-in-mosquito-near-chebacco-lake-more-spraying-planned

Rhode Island 09/22/12 Providence County: State health officials have confirmed that a man in his 20s from the city of Providence has been diagnosed with WNV-related meningitis. – See http://woonsocket.patch.com/articles/health-department-reports-providence-county-west-nile-virus-infection

Rabies:

Connecticut 09/22/12 New Haven County: A raccoon that tore through a screen door,  forced its way inside a home, and attacked a dog on Friday in the Governor’s Hill Road vicinity of Oxford has tested positive for rabies. – See http://oxford-ct.patch.com/articles/oxford-urged-to-beware-after-rabid-raccoon-attacks-dog

Maryland 09/21/12 Worcester County: A groundhog (aka woodchuck) found in the Ann Drive neighborhood of Berlin has tested positive for rabies. This is the 15th case of rabies confirmed in the county this year. – See http://www.delmarvanow.com/article/20120922/NEWS/309220013/Rabid-groundhog-found-Berlin-neighborhood