Tag Archives: Bubonic Plague

CANADA: BRITISH COLUMBIAN woman and dog attacked by COYOTES while walking popular trail ~ CHIKUNGUNYA virus spreads in the AMERICAS ~ TRAVEL WARNING: 39 die of PLAGUE in MADAGASCAR ~ RABIES reports from FL, MA, NM, NC & VA.

 

Coyote. Bing free use license.

Coyote. Bing free use license.

Canada:

British Columbia 12/13/13 Okanagan: by Deborah Pfeiffer – A Summerland woman was recovering Thursday, after being attacked by what are believed to be three coyotes, while walking on a popular trail Wednesday morning. Sarah James was walking a friend’s dog Rosie on the Summerland Centennial Trail when the three animals, a large one and two smaller ones, surrounded her. Believing the small labradoodle to be in great danger, she immediately covered her with her body. “My primary focus was Rosie, absolutely, unconditionally,” she said. “I went into survival mode for her.” James coyotePacksaid she first noticed the three animals when she was walking a larger dog, a labrador retreiver cross, earlier in the morning at the bird sanctuary off of Peach Orchard Road. As they started to approach she yelled and they took off. At around 10:30 a.m., she started a second walk with Rosie on the trail that runs parallel to Peach Orchard. She was letting the dog run free and calling her back for treats, when the coyotes came out and surrounded her. Two came from the side and one from behind. She undid her ski jacket and  dove on top of the dog, covered her with her right hand and with her left hand swatted them away. “Rosie was crying up a storm and the whole thing lasted about two to three minutes, although it felt like it lasted way longer,” she said. “Then it went quiet, and they went away to the north side of the creek.” James waited about 30 seconds, comforting the small shaking dog, before picking her up and running down the trail . . .

OkanaganSgt. Stephane Lacroix with the Summerland RCMP said a police report was filed on the incident. In the report it states, James sustained major scrapes and her coat was torn to shreds, but she did not require any treatment or ambulance at the scene. He said additional patrols were made during the day and they then contacted a conservation officer. “We were advised by the conservation officer there is an increased problem with coyotes in the Summerland area and the officer has a plan in place to deal with coyote issues,” he said. The conservation officer was not available to comment on Thursday, but James said a culling of the animals was planned because there are several dens in the area, and the animals don’t have any natural predators. The fact the animals are exhibiting pack behaviour is the danger, she added. – For complete article and photos see http://www.castanet.net/news/Penticton/104627/Summerland-woman-attacked-by-coyotes

Author’s Note: A BC conservation officer killed a large coyote this week he believes was one of three referred to in previous report. – See http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/coyote-shot-dead-after-3-attack-b-c-woman-1.2463889

Chikungunya:

chikungunya091St. Martin 12/13/13 newscientist.com: by Debora MacKenzie – A dozen people on the tiny Caribbean island of St Martin have been infected with the chikungunya virus. It is the first time the mosquito-borne virus is known to have spread in the Americas. Eight years ago it spread beyond Africa, where it originated, to Eurasia. Now it has crossed the planet – and could already be more widespread than health agencies realise. Chikungunya is rarely lethal, but it is painful and can cause chronic, debilitating joint pain. On reaching Asia, it spread rapidly and made millions ill, as people had no immunity. A few experimental treatments and vaccines exist, but none has yet left the lab. Two years ago, when the Pan-American Health Organisation (PAHO), a public health agency that works in all countries in the Americas, drew up a plan for Chikungunya’s arrival, it warned that the Americas could face the same situation as Asia. “The resulting large outbreaks would likely tax existing health-care systems and the public health infrastructure,” it said, “and could potentially cripple some of society’s functioning.”

stmartincaribOn 10 December, the World Health Organization announced two confirmed cases of chikungunya in the French half of St Martin, with 10 more suspected. The people affected complained of joint pain and were initially thought to have dengue, which had been circulating on the island since January. But blood samples sent for testing in France confirmed the presence of chikungunya. The virus would have been brought to the island by a human carrier. There could yet be more cases elsewhere that have not been tested. “It cannot be excluded that a similar epidemiological situation might be ongoing in the Dutch part of the island,” says a risk assessment report by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), based in Stockholm, Sweden. “The extent of the outbreak is difficult to assess and might have remained undetected… on other islands.” French St Martin may simply have spotted chikungunya first because it is a familiar adversary. The virus’s first appearance outside Africa, in 2005, was in another French territory, the Indian Ocean island of Réunion. In the Americas, only Brazil, Canada, the US and the French territories of French Guiana, Guadeloupe and Martinique have the capability to test for the virus, says Donna Eberwine-Villagrán of PAHO. “We do not know if there are cases in other countries.” – For complete article see http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn24757-threatwatch-chikungunya-virus-spreads-in-the-americas.html#.Uq0mRxBKOUm

Travel Warning:

madagascar.flag_256Madagascar 12/12/13 thenational.ae: At least 39 people have been killed by an outbreak of bubonic plague in Madagascar in recent weeks, the country’s health ministry confirmed yesterday. “There is an epidemic in Madagascar which is madagascar.mapcurrently affecting five districts out of 112. Eighty-six people have been infected by the plague, of which 39 have died,” the ministry said. Police in the northwestern district of Mandritsara had said on Wednesday the deceased could not be treated in time. But the death toll they gave, which was 20, was revised upwards yesterday. – See http://www.thenational.ae/39-dead-in-bubonic-plague-outbreak

Rabies:

urban-raccoons-by-liz-west-ccFlorida 12/12/13 Lee County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert after receiving five reports of raccoon bites in less than three weeks. Only one of the raccoons was captured and it tested positive for the virus. It was found in the vicinity of Estero.Two people were bitten by raccoons in Fort Myers last week, and two others in Cape Coral this week, also by raccoons, but none of the animals were captured. Raccoons have also been reported acting strangely on Pine Island, though no bites have been reported. – See  http://www.fox4now.com/features/4inyourcorner/Rabies-warning-in-Lee-County-235605491.html

red-fox1Massachusetts 12/13/13 Franklin County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert for the Millers Falls section of Montague after a fox tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.recorder.com/home/9752554-95/montague-warns-of-rabies-in-area

120912_540169-tdy-120907-bayley-01.blocks_desktop_mediumNew Mexico 12/12/13 Eddy County: A skunk that fought with an unvaccinated pet dog on skunkDecember 9th on Russell Street in Carlsbad has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.krqe.com/news/local/rabies-case-results-in-euthanization?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+krqe-topstories+%28KRQE+News+13+-+Top+Stories%29

CAS_Kitten_Child_02North Carolina 12/12/13 Davidson County: Three people in the Denton community are being treated for potential exposure to rabies after being bitten by a kitten earlier this month. The kitten died and has tested positive for the virus. Officials issued a warning not to handle  a pet with bare hands after it has had contact with a wild animal.- See http://www.the-dispatch.com/article/20131212/News/312129984/-1/NEWS?Title=Rabid-kitten-bites-three-people-in-Denton-before-dying

image001skunkandcanineVirginia 12/14/13 Washington County: A skunk that fought with a vaccinated dog in the vicinity of Elliot Street in Abingdon on November 24th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.swvatoday.com/news/washington_county/article_06a2f95e-6357-11e3-8a76-0019bb30f31a.html

WORLD RABIES DAY: SEPTEMBER 28, 2013 ~ RABIES reports from GA, MN, MS, PA, TN, VAx2, & CANADA: ON ~ ALASKAN survives mauling by BROWN BEAR ~ BUBONIC PLAGUE confirmed in NEW MEXICO resident ~ WNV reports from CA, CO, & NY.

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17858296_BG1Georgia 09/2713 Chatham County: A raccoon that fought with two vaccinated dogs on Whitfield Avenue in Savannah was trapped and has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.thecoastalsource.com/2013/09/27/raccoon-tests-positive-for-rabies-2/

Help-520x437Minnesota 09/26/13 Olmsted County: Rochester police are looking for a dog after it bit a man while he was out running. Police say the man was near Fairway Drive N.W. when he passed a couple walking with their baby and their dog. He says the dog jumped up and nipped him on his hand. But he didn’t realize the bite had broken his skin until he got home. In order to prevent the man from going through rabies treatment, police need to check if the dog was up to date on its rabies shots. The dog’s owners are described as a man in his mid-thirties, about 6’3”, with dark hair. The woman is in her mid-thirties with dark long hair. The dog is described as a black and white short haired dog with the build of a lab. If you have any information as to who these owners, please contact your local animal control. – See http://www.kaaltv.com/article/stories/S3172755.shtml?cat=10219

Mississippi 09/27/13 Grenada County: Several members of a family in the city of Grenada are being treated for potential exposure to rabies after a bat swooped down and attacked a 4-year-old while family members were walking in the Hidden Valley Subdivision on Tom Grant Road. The bat was killed and has tested positive for rabies. – see http://www.grenadastar.com/contentitem6735_Pip%20Bat%20Chris%20Shields%20(rspb-images_com)/354439/1218/family-taking-rabies-vaccine

Pennsylvania 09/27/13 Montgomery County: A bat found in the Ambler section of Upper Dublin Township on September 25th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://upperdublin.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/bat-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-upper-dublin

imagesj88d7dTennessee 09/26/13 chattanoogan.com: The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Wildlife Services will be distributing oral rabies vaccine (ORV) baits in portions of east Tennessee to vaccinate raccoons and prevent the spread of rabies in the state. Residents of Bradley, Carter, Cocke, Greene, Hamblen, Hamilton, Hawkins, Marion, McMinn, Meigs, Monroe, Polk, Sullivan, Unicoi and Washington Counties will see low-flying fixed wing and rotary wing aircraft and also slow moving vehicles distributing rabies vaccine by air and ground from Sept. 29–Oct. 17. – See http://www.chattanoogan.com/2013/9/26/260014/Oral-Rabies-Vaccine-Baits-To-Be.aspx

Virginia 09/26/13 Henrico County: A raccoon killed by a vaccinated dog in the 7600 block of South Pine Hill Drive in Henrico has tested positive for pitt-county-racoon-tests-positive-rabiesrabies. – See http://www.wric.com/story/23538927/raccoon-found-in-henrico

Virginia 09/25/13 Pittsylvania/Danville Health District: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert after a raccoon that was found in a Mount Cross Road neighborhood in Danville tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.godanriver.com/news/pittsylvania_county/article_96ee4684-2609-11e3-afe3-0019bb30f31a.html

Canada:

320x240Ontario 09/27/13 York Region: A bat captured in Vaughan has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.yorkregion.com/news-story/4129823-bat-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-vaughan/

 

Brown Bear Attack:

Eurasian_Brown_BearAlaska 09/26/13 ktuu.com: by Chris Klint – A Hoonah man was mauled by a brown bear Wednesday night and later flown out of the Southeast Alaska community to be treated for his injuries, local police say. According to a Hoonah Police Department statement Thursday, police were informed at about 9:45 p.m. of “a brown bear attacking an adult male near downtown.” Hoonah police officers, as well as medics, responded to the area to assist the man. “An adult male in his late 50’s had sustained injuries to the lower body and was transported to the Hoonah Medical Center for treatment,” police wrote. “While the individual’s injuries are not life-threatening, he was medevaced to a hospital for further evaluation and treatment.” As of Wednesday night, officers were still investigating the reason for the attack.

aa.hoonah.akfrt854“(Police) were not able to determine why the individual was attacked by the bear and it did not appear that he had been between a sow and her cub,” police wrote. Hoonah police conducted an unsuccessful effort to find the bear Wednesday night, which had been set to continue Thursday morning in a bid to protect local children. “The search for the bears will continue and extra patrols will be done in the morning to ensure that the children of the community get to school safely,” police wrote. Hoonah Police Chief Corey Rowley says that while the bear hasn’t been seen since it eluded searchers at about 2 a.m. Thursday, it’s been frequenting the town. “The bear’s been spotted in town three times within the last week — it’s a young sow with a cub,” Rowley said. – For complete article see http://www.ktuu.com/news/hoonah-man-mauled-by-brown-bear-092613,0,5199300.story

Bubonic Plague:

Santa_Fe_attacks_plagu48f91501New Mexico 09/27/13 NM Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed that a male resident of Santa Fe County, age 52, is the third person in the state and the U.S. to contract bubonic plague this year. Plague is a bacterial disease of rodents and is generally transmitted to humans through the bites of infected fleas, but can also be transmitted by direct contact with infected animals, including rodents, wildlife and pets. “We are seeing plague activity in several different locations of north-central New Mexico,” said Dr. Paul Ettestad, public health veterinarian at the Department of Health. “Everyone needs to be aware of the situation and take precautions to avoid rodents and their fleas.” – For complete news release and preventive measures see http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20130926-Plague-EN.pdf

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Riverside Cty CACalifornia 09/26/13 Riverside County: Coachella Valley health officials have confirmed that two women, a 23-year-old from Thermal and an 81-year-old from Palm Springs, are the desert’s first human cases of WNV this year. – See http://www.mydesert.com/article/20130925/NEWS01/309250009/Women-test-positive-for-West-Nile?nclick_check=1

El_Paso_County.COColorado 09/26/13 El Paso County: Officials have confirmed that an adult male resident has the first human case of WNV in the county this year. – See http://www.fox21news.com/news/story.aspx?id=951225#.UkTz9D_nC5c

suffolk cty NY (2)New York 09/25/13 Suffolk County: Officials have confirmed that a person over 50 years of age who resides in the town of Brookhaven has the first human case of WNV in the county this year. http://www.longisland.com/news/09-25-13/health-commissioner-reports-first-human-case-of-west-nile-virus-this-year.html

CANADIAN’s cellphone helps him survive POLAR BEAR attack ~ FOLLOW-UP: OREGON celebrity WOLF OR-7 may have found a home ~ 2nd case of BUBONIC PLAGUE found in NEW MEXICAN girl ~ WNV reports from MS, NH, NM, OK, SD, & TX ~ RABIES reports from CA, FL, MD, & CANADA: ONTARIO.

Courtesy National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration.

Courtesy National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration.

Canada:

Manitoba 09/09/13 Northern Region: A man who used his cellphone to scare off a 180-kilogram polar bear says he’s lucky to be alive with only a few superficial puncture wounds and scratches. Garett Kolsun was walking home early Saturday morning in the Hudson Bay community of Churchill, Man. – known as the polar bear capital of the world – after celebrating the end of the work week with friends. He said he caught something out of the corner of his eye while he walked down the town’s main drag. “I turned and looked, and it was a polar bear charging toward me,” Mr. Kolsun, 40, said in an interview Monday. “I started running from it, looking for some place to go and get away from this bear.” Businesses in the town of about 1,000 were all closed, so Mr. Kolsun had nowhere to hide. “I stopped and I turned around to face the bear,” he said. “It was already there, right on top of me. I started shouting, yelling, screaming, waving my arms, running backwards to keep my eye on the bear.”

church_map-2-300Mr. Kolsun said he ended up trapped on the porch of a bakery with the bear he believes was still young because of its size. It pinned him against the door and swiped at him with his paw. The bruin, which stood about 1 1/2 metres tall, also sank his teeth into Mr. Kolsun’s hip, although he says that, at the time, he didn’t even realize the bear had punctured his skin. “The bear’s nose was inches away from me. I didn’t know where else to go. I was just [thinking], ‘What can I do to get away from this bear?’ That’s all I kept thinking about. I didn’t want to be a stat.” Mr. Kolsun fished into his pocket and pulled out his cellphone. He turned the power on and turned the screen toward the bear. “I was hoping anything I would do would give me an opportunity to get away from it,” he explained. “I was trying anything at that point. I was screaming, yelling, waving my arms, trying everything and it just kept chasing me and chasing me. I was just hoping for the best and, luckily, it worked.” The lit screen startled the bear briefly and it took a step back, Mr. Kolsun said. It hit a flower pot on the porch and looked away for an instant. “When it turned its head,” he said, “I just turned and ran as fast as I could.”

Churchill, Manitoba.

Churchill, Manitoba.

Mr. Kolsun said he ran several blocks, looking for a home with its lights on. He saw some people sitting on a deck and ran to them. When he turned around, the polar bear was gone. “The bear had stopped chasing me some place along the way there,” he said. Mr. Kolsun took a cab to the health centre where staff cleaned his wounds, bandaged them and gave him a tetanus shot. He was released several hours later. – For complete article see http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/how-this-mans-cellphone-saved-him-during-polar-bear-attack/article14198647/?cmpid=rss1

Follow-Up:

Wolf:

(See Celebrity GRAY WOLF OR-7 returns to OREGON posted March 17, 2013)

Gray wolf. Photo by Ashley McPherson. Wikimedia Commons. Image not of OR-7.

Gray wolf. Photo by Ashley McPherson. Wikimedia Commons. Image not of OR-7.

Oregon 09/09/13 opb.org:by Geoff Norcross – The wolf known as “OR-7” appears to have found a home. The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife says the wandering gray wolf has spent the summer in Southeast Jackson County and Southwest Klamath County. “What that tells you is, I think, he’s found some good habitat,” says Michelle Dennehy, Wildlife Communications Coordinator for ODFW. It’s a rare bit of stability for a wolf whose travels have caught the imagination of at least two states. In September of 2011, OR-7 left the Imnaha Pack in Northeast Oregon and wandered hundreds of miles across the Cascades, becoming the first confirmed wolf sighted west of the mountains since 1937. He’s been roaming around Southern Oregon and Northern California ever since. Officials believe OR-7 came to the region to find a mate. There’s no evidence he’s been successful. But he’s young – nearly 3.5 years old – and he may not be alone. Dennehy says, “Where there’s one wolf, there’s another.” “Of course, everyone would like to see OR-7 mate,” she says. “And you know what? It could happen.” – For photo slideshow and original article see http://www.opb.org/news/article/wandering-wolf-or-7-appears-to-have-found-a-home/

Bubonic Plague:

rodents&fleacarriersNew Mexico 09/10/13 NM Dept of Health: Officials announced today a probable case of plague in an 11-year-old girl from Torrance County. Preliminary test results at the Department’s Scientific Laboratory Division were positive. Confirmatory testing is pending. This is the second human case of plague in New Mexico and in the United States this year. An environmental investigation will take place at the girl’s home to look for ongoing risk to others in the surrounding area. “Everyone needs to avoid sick or dead rodents and rabbits, and their nests and burrows,” said Department of Health Secretary Retta Ward, MPH. “Families should also talk to their veterinarian about an appropriate flea product for their pets” Plague is a bacterial disease of rodents and is generally transmitted to humans through the bites of infected fleas, but can also be transmitted by direct contact with infected animals, including rodents, wildlife and pets. – For complete news release see http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20130910-HumanPlague-EN.pdf

West Nile Virus (WNV):

MS_71058_121809421211160_5406251_nMississippi 09/09/13 MS Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed four new human cases of WNV for 2013. The reported cases are in Hinds (2), Lamar, and Rankin counties, bringing the state total for 2013 to 27 cases, including one death. So far this year, cases have been reported in Bolivar, Forrest (3), Hinds (9), Jones, Lamar (3), Leflore (2), Lincoln, Lowndes, Madison, Marion, Rankin (3) and Wayne counties. – See http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/_static/23,14263,341.html

nh-medicaidNew Hampshire 09/10/13 NH Dept of Health: Officials have announced the first human case of WNV this season in an adult from Chesterfield who is in recovery. – See http://www.dhhs.nh.gov/media/pr/2013/09-sept/09102013westnile.htm

NM_image_miniNew Mexico 09/06/13 NM Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed that an 84-year-old woman from San Juan County has died from WNV infection. This is the second death due to WNV in New Mexico in 2013. The woman had encephalitis, the more severe clinical form of the disease. – See http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20130906-WestNile-EN.pdf

OK_State_Health_Department_logoOklahoma 09/05/13 OCCHD: Officials have confirmed one death in Oklahoma County due to a WNV infection. The death occurred in an individual over 70-years-old. Three other human cases of WNV in the county have been confirmed as well. – See https://www.occhd.org/articles/occhd-confirms-west-nile-virus-death

SouthDakotaDOHSouth Dakota 09/09/13 SD Dept of Health: 87 human cases of WNV disease, including 2 deaths, have been reported in the following counties:  Brown 17, Beadle 5, Brookings 5, Hughes 5, Spink 5, Brule 3, Charles Mix 3, Davison 3, Day 3, Minnehaha 3, Buffalo 2, Clark 2, Codington 2, Corson 2, Faulk 2, Jones 2, Meade 2, Pennington 2, Sanborn 2 and 1 case each in Butte, Dewey, Edmunds, Jackson, Jerauld, Lawrence, Lincoln, Lyman, Marshall, McPherson, Mellette, Miner, Moody, Tripp, Turner, Walworth, Yankton. – See http://doh.sd.gov/documents/diseases/infectious/WNVupdate.pdf

TX-DSHS_Logo2Texas 09/10/13 TX Dept of Health: As of this date the state web site confirms 31 human cases of WNV in 18 counties including Anderson, Angelina, Carson, Coke, Collin-3, Dallas-4, Denton, El Paso-3, Floyd, Glasscock, Guadalupe, Howard-4, Jefferson, Johnson, Lubbock, Montgomery-2, Nueces, Stephens, and Tarrant-2. There have been no WNV-related fatalities reported so far this year. – See http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/idcu/disease/arboviral/westNile/

Rabies:

neverbarehandedsmCalifornia 09/10/13 Orange County: A bat found on the ground at shelter #7 in Laguna Niguel Regional Park on September 7th has tested positive for rabies. Anyone who had recent contact with a bat in that vicinity is advised to seek immediate medical advice. – See http://www.oc-breeze.com/2013/09/10/38721_bat-found-at-laguna-niguel-regional-park-tests-positive-for-rabies/

Not an image of the kitten referred to in this article.

Not an image of the kitten referred to in this article.

Florida 09/09/13 Palm Beach County: A stray kitten found near Lake Park in the 9000 block of Old Dixie Highway has tested positive for rabies. The kitten had bite wounds and was taken in by a rescue person but later it became ill and died. The care giver has begun a series of post-exposure rabies shots. – See http://www.wbzt.com/articles/1290-wjno-local-news-wire-120981/health-dept-rabies-confirmed-in-lake-11636751/

HELP (2)Maryland 09/09/13 Frederick County: Frederick County Animal Control is looking for the owner of a dog that bit a five-year-old child on Saturday morning. Officials say the incident occurred inside the Home Depot store on McCain Drive in Frederick at around 11:40 AM. The unidentified black and tan German Shepherd was inside the store with its male owner. Anyone who has information on this dog and its owner is asked to call Frederick County Animal Control at 301-600-1717, or 301-600-1544. – See http://www.wfmd.com/pages/localnews2.html?feed=119935&article=11638339

Canada:

2e236ffb436644c2OntarioOntario 09/09/13 ON Ministry of Natural Resources: Ontario is continuing one of the most successful rabies eradication programs in North America by distributing 255,000 baits containing rabies vaccine this summer. The vaccine will control the spread of rabies in skunks and foxes and help continue to keep Ontario raccoons free of rabies. The baits will be distributed throughout southwestern Ontario; in the Niagara region between Welland Canal and Niagara River, including Navy Island; in Brockville, on Wolfe, Howe, Simcoe, and Hill islands in St. Lawrence River; as well as small areas on the mainland near Prescott and Ivy Lea. The flavoured baits immunize most skunks, foxes and raccoons that eat them. – For complete release see http://news.ontario.ca/mnr/en/2013/08/rabies-vaccine-bait-drop-protects-ontarians-2.html

CALIFORNIA scientists identify new CATTLE VIRUS ~ NEW MEXICO teen has first human case of PLAGUE in U.S. this year ~ COLORADO child exposed to RABBIT with TULAREMIA ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS & WEST NILE VIRUS reports from IN, MN, NM, & SC ~ RABIES reports from AL, FL, PA, & VT.

Guernsey cow. Courtesy of U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Guernsey cow. Courtesy of U.S. Department of Agriculture.

National 08/13/13 ucdavis.edu: A new cow virus that causes neurologic symptoms reminiscent of mad cow disease has been identified and its genome sequenced by a team of researchers including scientists at the University of California, Davis. While this particular new virus is unlikely to pose a threat to human health or the food supply, the new findings are critically important because they provide researchers with a relatively simple diagnostic tool that can reassure both ranchers and consumers by ruling out bovine spongiform encephalopathy — mad cow disease — as the cause of neurologic symptoms when they appear in cattle. Results of the study appear online in the September issue of the Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal, published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

banner_01In this new study, Dr. Patricia Pesavento, a veterinary pathologist in the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, and other researchers analyzed brain tissue from a yearling steer with neurologic symptoms of unknown cause. Through this analysis, they discovered a new virus that belongs to the astrovirus family.

Dr. Patricia Pesavento

Dr. Patricia Pesavento

Further study of brain tissue samples, preserved from earlier examinations of 32 cattle with unexplained neurologic symptoms, revealed the presence of this astrovirus in three of those animals. The researchers used “metagenomic” techniques to sequence this astrovirus species — now referred to as BoAstV0NeuroS. – For complete news release see http://news.ucdavis.edu/search/news_detail.lasso?id=10688

Plague:

Media.aspxNew Mexico 08/12/13 NM Department of Health: State officials have confirmed that a 15-year-old male from Torrance County has the first human case of plague reported in the United States this year. The boy is currently hospitalized in stable condition. Plague is a bacterial disease of rodents and is generally transmitted to humans through the bites of infected fleas, but can also be transmitted by direct contact with infected animals, including rodents, wildlife and pets.- For complete news release see http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20130812-Plague-EN.pdf

Tularemia:

Colorado rabbit NPSColorado 08/15/13 Pueblo County: Public health officials confirmed Thursday a rabbit caught in the 1000 block of West Saginaw Drive in Pueblo West that had been in contact with a child has tested positive for tularemia. – See http://www.kktv.com/news/elevenforhealth/headlines/Rabbit-Tests-Positive-For-Tularemia-In-Pueblo-West-219832021.html

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

IN-DH-B-W-LogoIndiana 08/13/13 IN Department of Health: Health officials continue to encourage Hoosiers to take steps to protect themselves from WNV and other mosquito-borne diseases after mosquito samples from 35 counties have now tested positive for the virus. There has been one human case of WNV in Ripley County and one equine case in Adams County. Counties with WNV-infected mosquitoes include: Adams, Allen, Carroll, Clinton, Daviess, Delaware, DeKalb, Grant, Hamilton, Jay, Jefferson, Knox, Kosciusko, LaGrange, Lake, Marion, Marshall, Martin, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Newton, Noble, Ohio, Parke, Steuben, Sullivan, Tippecanoe, Tipton, Starke, St. Joseph, Vanderburgh, Vigo, White and Whitley. – For complete news release see http://www.in.gov/activecalendar/EventList.aspx?view=EventDetails&eventidn=119373&information_id=186576&type=&syndicate=syndicate

mn-dhlogocolorMNMinnesota 08/14/13 MN Department of Health: State officials have confirmed the first WNV-related human fatality in the state this year. A male resident of Murray County died last week. Sixteen human cases of WNV, including one fatality, have been reported statewide so far this year. – See http://roseville.patch.com/groups/summer/p/west-nile-virus-claims-first-minnesota-victim_b68297b7

NM_image_miniNew Mexico 08/13/13 NM Department of Health: Officials have confirmed that an 83-year-old male from Curry County is the state’s first WNV-related fatality so far this year. A 66-year-old female from Curry County also tested positive for the virus, but she is recovering. New Mexico’s first case of West Nile infection this year was in a 13-year-old male from San Juan County who has recovered. – See http://www.kdbc.com/news/nm-department-health-announces-first-west-nile-death-2013

vaccinationSouth Carolina 08/14/13 SC State Veterinarian: Officials have confirmed 25 cases of EEE in horses statewide since June 28th, 7 of the cases were reported during the past week. About 90% of infected horses die, but EEE is preventable in horses by vaccination. – See http://www.greenvilleonline.com/article/20130814/NEWS/308140026/Horse-virus-cases-up?nclick_check=1

Rabies:

GrayFoxApr04NFlaAlabama 08/14/13 Chilton County: A fox that was reported acting strangely and aggressively on Wednesday by a resident on Old Thorsby Road in Clanton has tested positive for rabies. – http://www.clantonadvertiser.com/2013/08/14/fox-infected-with-rabies-found-in-clanton/

111009110345_Raccoon3 - CopyFlorida 08/14/13 St. Johns County: A raccoon that bit a man in the leg Saturday in a McDonald’s parking lot in the 2400 block of U.S. 1 South in St. Augustine has tested positive for rabies. – See http://staugustine.com/news/local-news/2013-08-14/health-department-issues-rabies-alert-st-johns-county#.Ug059W3DK5c

Bat 1on sidewalkPennsylvania 08/14/13 Montgomery County: A bat found August 10th in the 300 block of Manor Avenue in Plymouth Meeting has tested positive for rabies. – See http://norristown.patch.com/groups/around-town/p/bat-tests-positive-for-rabies_0ccf156e

275899Vermont 08/14/13 western border and Chittendon County: An aerial rabies bait drop will begin August 19th into carefully plotted corridors of remote lowland areas and valleys along the Vermont border and northern Chittendon County. Bait packets will be distributed by hand in urban areas. The baits are described as a dark green, sweet-smelling, vanilla-coated blister pack. Officials say the baits are not harmful to children or pets if touched or eaten, but the pellets should not be handled or disturbed. – See http://rutlandherald.com/article/20130814/NEWS03/708149881

MAINE hiker attacked by POLAR BEAR in LABRADOR ~ CALIFORNIA campground closed after SQUIRREL is found with PLAGUE ~ Third HORSE dies of EEE in NORTH CAROLINA ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CA, GA, ID, IL, MA, MN, UT, WV, & WIx2 ~ Officials fear a “large number” of people in TIVERTON, RHODE ISLAND, may have been exposed to RABIES ~ Other RABIES reports from AL, FL, NJx2, & NC.

Polar bear. Courtesy U.S. Geological Survey.

Polar bear. Courtesy U.S. Geological Survey.

Canada:

Newfoundland & Labrador Province 07/26/13 Torngat Mountains National Park: A hiker who was injured by a polar bear in a remote national park in northern Labrador has been flown to a Quebec trauma centre for treatment, Parks Canada says. Matt Dyer, a prominent legal aid lawyer from Portland, Maine, was with seven other hikers with the Sierra Club on Wednesday in Torngat Mountains National Park when he was attacked by the bear. Peter Deering, with Parks Canada, said they got the call from the RCMP that someone in the park had been attacked. According to Deering, Dyer was alone in his tent, and the group woke up to the attack at around 1:30 a.m. AT.

nl-map-torngat-mountains-620“At that time, we had a helicopter stationed at the Torngat Mountains base camp … so we dispatched the helicopter from there with a medic and a Parks Canada staff person. They travelled to the scene, and at that point found the party,” Deering said. “As it happened, the party included a doctor, so the doctor had already, to a degree, treated the injured gentleman. We then transported the gentleman back to the Torngat Mountains base camp.” Deering said Dyer was then transferred to a medical facility in Quebec, and then to Montreal General Hospital, where he is recovering in an intensive care unit. According to Deering, when Parks Canada dispatched the helicopter to respond to the call, they also sent a boat to pick up the rest of the party. Deering said that none of the other members of the group were injured and they are now making their way to Montreal. – For complete article see http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/story/2013/07/26/nl-polar-bear-hiker-labrador-726.html

Plague:

California ground squirrels. Photo by Howcheng. Wikimedia Commons.

California ground squirrels. Photo by Howcheng. Wikimedia Commons.

California 07/24/13 scvnews.com: Los Angeles County Department of Public Health and U.S. Forestry Service officials have closed the Broken Blade, Twisted Arrow, and Pima Loops of the Table Mountain Campgrounds in the Angeles National Forest after tests confirmed that one ground squirrel trapped on July 16, 2013 during routine surveillance activities tested positive on July 23, 2013 for plague. The sites were officially closed at 1:00 p.m. Wednesday, and will be closed for at least 7 days. Campers at the site have been notified of the closure by Forest Service officials. The campgrounds and recreational areas are located near Wrightwood. In coordination with the Los Angeles County Department of Agriculture/Weights and Measures, the squirrel burrows in the area will be dusted for fleas. Further testing of squirrels will be done before the area is re-opened to the public. – For complete article see http://scvnews.com/2013/07/24/squirrel-found-with-plague-campgrounds-near-wrightwood-closed/

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

photo-credit-american-assoc-of-equine-practitionersNorth Carolina 07/25/13 Pender County: The state’s third case of EEE this year has been reported in connection with the death of a stallion in the county on July 19th. The first two cases were reported in Cumberland and Brunswick counties. – See http://www.wect.com/story/22935306/states-third-case-of-eee-this-year-confirmed-in-pender-county-horse

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Santa Clara Cty CACalifornia 07/25/13 Santa Clara County: For the first time this year, mosquitoes trapped in the Berryessa area of San Jose have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.mercurynews.com/breaking-news/ci_23728940/west-nile-virus-found-east-san-jose-spraying

DeKalb cty GAGeorgia 07/25/13 DeKalb County: Health officials have confirmed the first report of mosquitoes testing positive for WNV in metro Atlanta this year. – See http://www.cbsatlanta.com/story/22932149/west-nile-virus-found-in-dekalb-county

Twin-Falls-County.IDIdaho 07/24/13 Twin Falls County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped on the Snake River near the Jerome/Twin Falls County line have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.kmvt.com/news/local/West-Nile-Virus-Alert-Issued-For-Twin-Falls-County-216794041.html

Cook cty ILIllinois 07/23/13 Cook County: Health officials have confirmed that the first mosquito carrying WNV was found last week in Lincolnwood. – See http://lincolnwood.suntimes.com/news/westnile-LWR-07252013:article

MA_220px-MADPH_LogoMassachusetts 07/25/13 Suffolk and Barnstable counties: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, and on Woods Hole Road in Falmouth have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/2013/07/25/west-nile-virus-detected-mosquitoes-mass/XFn5QdQIscGFROGZiqE6PK/story.html

Murray-County.MNMinnesota 07/25/13 Murray County: Health officials have confirmed the first human case of WNV in the state has been diagnosed in a male resident of the county who is recovering. – See http://www.echopress.com/event/article/id/106447/group/homepage/

Washington_County.UTUtah 07/23/13 Washington County: The Southwest Utah Public Health Department continues to receive positive test results for WNV in mosquitoes located in the county. – See http://www.kcsg.com/view/full_story/23198543/article-West-Nile-Virus-Active-in-Local-Mosquitoes?instance=more_local_news1

Cabell_County.WVWest Virginia 07/24/13 Cabell County: Mosquitoes trapped in the vicinity of a lake in Barboursville have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.wvnstv.com/story/22920400/west-nile-virus-found-in-cabell-county

Langlade_County.WIWisconsin 07/25/13 Langlade County: Health officials have confirmed that a dead crow found in the county has tested positive for WNV. This is the fifth county in the state to confirm the presence of the virus so far this year. – See http://www.waow.com/story/22935674/2013/07/25/more-west-nile-virus-in-wisconsin

Winnebago_County.WIWisconsin 07/24/13 Winnebago County: Health officials have confirmed that two dead crows found in Neenah have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.postcrescent.com/article/20130724/APC0101/307240358/West-Nile-Virus-found-Neenah?nclick_check=1

Rabies:

rabies.warningRhode Island 07/26/13 providencejournal.com: by Thomas J. Morgan – State officials warned Thursday that “a large number of people” may have been exposed to rabies via a calf in a pasture adjacent to Gray’s Ice Cream, 16 East Rd., Tiverton. The calf bit a visitor on July 15, the departments of health and environmental management said in a news release. The Tiverton animal control officer, following standard procedure, ordered the animal quarantined for ten days to determine whether it would develop rabies, and would thus require that the victim be vaccinated. But the three-month-old calf died on July 21, its owner reported to Tiverton authorities. The state departments, however did not learn of the death for three days, they said, and the carcass had decomposed to the point where it was not possible to determine whether the animal had the disease.

Calf with rabies. This is not the calf referred to in the this report.

Calf with rabies. This is not the calf referred to in the this report.

“Out of an abundance of caution, public health officials are considering that this animal may have died from rabies and are viewing anyone that had contact with the animal’s saliva from July 5 through July 21 as potentially at risk for being exposed to rabies, and are recommending that they be evaluated for post-exposure vaccination by public health authorities,” the state officials said. “Members of the public should note that the calf was removed from direct public contact on July 16, and that only the animal’s handlers may have been exposed during the period from July 16 through July 21.” The officials said that cattle and cats are the animals most likely susceptible to rabies.

Livestock can be vaccinated for rabies.

Livestock can be vaccinated for rabies.

The disease is incurable and has a fatality rate approaching 100 percent. “People usually contract rabies through a bite from an infected animal, but there are other ways that they can be exposed, such as through saliva from an infected animal getting into an open wound or into a person’s eye or mouth,” the officials said. Rhode Island residents who had contact with this calf between July 5 and July 21 should contact the Rhode Island Department of Health at (401) 222-2577 for an evaluation. Massachusetts residents that had contact with the animal are asked to call the Massachusetts Department of Public Health at 617-983-6800. When administered properly, post-exposure treatment for rabies will prevent any person who was exposed to the virus from developing the disease and prevent death. – See original article at http://www.providencejournal.com/breaking-news/content/20130725-rabies-exposure-feared-for-large-number-of-ice-cream-customers-in-ri.ece

Other RABIES reports:

Alabama 07/25/13 Houston County: Health officials have confirmed that a raccoon found on Womack Road has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.dothaneagle.com/news/article_501db476-f574-11e2-raccoon_2MainSpring_1ba25-001a4bcf6878.html

Florida 07/25/13 Marion County: State health officials issued a Rabies Alert on Thursday after a raccoon found in the southwest part of the county tested positive for the virus. – For alert parameters and complete article see http://www.ocala.com/article/20130725/ARTICLES/130729830

New Jersey 07/25/13 Atlantic County: A dead bat found inside a laundry basket at a home on the 300 block of Ridgewood Avenue in Galloway Township has tested positive for rabies. This is the fourth case of animal rabies in the county so far this year. – See http://www.pressofatlanticcity.combatsj4483/communities/galloway/galloway-township-rabies-case-fourth-in-atlantic-county-this-year/article_71e6b678-f571-11e2-a6d1-001a4bcf887a.html

New Jersey 07/24/13 Middlesex County: A bat found on Cardinal Court off Route 27 just north of Sandhill Road in South Brunswick has tested positive for rabies. It is the second bat to test positive for the virus in South Brunswick this month. – See http://www.nj.com/middlesex/index.ssf/2013/07/another_case_of_rabies_in_south_brunswick_as_second_bat_tests_positive.html

imagesCA9NNIJONorth Carolina 07/23/13 Robeson County: A dead raccoon found Monday in a dog pen on Old Whiteville Road in Lumberton has tested positive for rabies. In a separate incident, a fox found last Friday on King’s Road between Lumberton and St. Pauls also tested positive for the virus. There have been ten cases of animal rabies in the county in the past eight months, including these two. – See http://www.stpaulsreview.com/view/full_story/23213582/article-10th-case-of-rabies-confirmed

Deadly PIGLET VIRUS now in 13 states ~ 2 DOGS in NEW MEXICO diagnosed with BUBONIC PLAGUE ~ RABIES reports from GA, KS, MD, NC, & TX.

Photo courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Photo courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

National 06/25/13 foxnews.com: A swine virus deadly to young pigs, and never before seen in North America, has spiked to 199 sites in 13 states – nearly double the number of farms and other locations from earlier this month. Iowa, the largest U.S. hog producer, has the most sites testing positive for Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus: 102 sites, as of June 10. The state raises on average 30 million hogs each year, according to the Iowa Pork Producers Association. PEDV, most often fatal to very young pigs, causes diarrhea, vomiting and dehydration. It also sickens older hogs, though their survival rate tends to be high. The total number of pig deaths from the outbreak since the first cases were confirmed May 17 is not known. Researchers at veterinarian diagnostic labs, who are testing samples as part of a broad investigation into the outbreak, have seen a substantial increase in positive cases since early June, when data on the PEDV outbreak showed it at some 103 sites nationwide. The data was compiled and released last week by Iowa State University, University of Minnesota, Kansas State University and South Dakota State University. The virus does not pose a health risk to humans or other animals and the meat from PEDV-infected pigs is safe for people to eat, according to federal officials and livestock economists. But the virus, which is spreading rapidly across the United States, is proving harder to control than previously believed. In addition to Iowa, Oklahoma has 38 positive sites, Minnesota has 19 and Indiana has 10, according to the data. PEDV has also been diagnosed in Arkansas, Colorado, Kansas, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Pennsylvania and South Dakota. – For complete article see http://www.foxnews.com/health/2013/06/25/deadly-piglet-virus-spreads-to-nearly-200-us-farm-sites/

Bubonic Plague:

????????New Mexico 06/24/13 El Dorado County: Health officials have issued a Plague Alert after two dogs belonging to residents in the state’s East Mountains communities were diagnosed with the disease. Dogs and other pets should be kept away from rodents that might be carrying infected fleas. These include rabbits, chipmunks, and squirrels. – See http://www.newstalkflorida.com/two-new-mexico-dogs-get-bubonic-plague/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=two-new-mexico-dogs-get-bubonic-plague

Rabies:

Hall_County-GAGeorgia 06/25/13 Hall County: Health officials have issued a Rabies Alert after a raccoon found in the Highland Circle area of Gainesville tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.gainesvilletimes.com/m/section/6/article/85380/

 

 

SalineCountyKSKansas 06/25/13 Saline County: Health officials have confirmed that a skunk tested on June 18th was positive for rabies. It is the 36th animal in the state to test positive this year including 27 skunks, three cows, two dogs, two cats, a fox and a bat. – See http://www.salina.com/news/skunk6-25-13

Worcester_County.MDMaryland 06/24/13 Worcester County: A raccoon that attacked a person at Northside Park in Ocean City on June 18th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.delmarvanow.com/article/20130625/OPI01/306250010/OC-raccoon-tests-positive-rabies?nclick_check=1

YanceyCtyNCNorth Carolina 06/25/13 Yancey County: A raccoon that attacked an unvaccinated dog in the South Toe community has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wlos.com/shared/news/features/top-stories/stories/wlos_rabies-confirmed-yancey-county-12202.shtml

Guadalupe-CountyTXTexas 06/25/13 Guadalupe County: An aggressive cat that was shot by a rancher off FM 466 near the Gonzales County line on June 15th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://seguingazette.com/news/article_69fcbd26-ddee-11e2-8fdb-0019bb2963f4.html

FLORIDA WOMAN attacked by RABID FOX ~ Other RABIES reports from GA, PA, VA, & CANADA’s NEW BRUNSWICK Province ~ CDC announcement of new PLAGUE FACT SHEET.

Gray fox. Photo by New York Department of Environmental Conservation.

Gray fox. Photo by New York Department of Environmental Conservation.

Florida 11/29/12 Martin County: A fox that bit a resident in Port Mayaca’s J&S Park Estates on Monday has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.tcpalm.com/news/2012/nov/29/rabid-fox-bites-woman-in-port-mayaca/

1426663Georgia 11/30/12 Chatham County: A raccoon that was trapped after fighting with two dogs in the vicinity of LaRoche Avenue on the Isle of Hope has tested positive for rabies. ­ See http://savannahnow.com/latest-news/2012-11-30/raccoon-tests-positive-rabies#.ULmKbIYt7WB

rabiesAlert521d4-1Pennsylvania 11/29/12 Allegheny County: A gray cat that bit a Swissvale woman in the vicinity of the 7300 block of Denniston Avenue has tested positive for rabies. The cat, which is likely a stray, was hit by a car on Monday and went onto a porch where the resident tried to help it and was bitten. Anyone else who may have been bitten or scratched by this cat should seek medical advice. – See http://triblive.com/news/adminpage/3046696-74/cat-health-rabies-county-rabid-bitten-animal-contact-department-swissvale#axzz2Dfxm1Bug

2195804032_bb25565f77 - CopyVirginia 11/29/12 Hopewell: A skunk found on the 500 block of North Ninth Avenue near City Point National Cemetery on Monday has tested positive for rabies. – See http://progress-index.com/news/rabid-skunk-found-in-hopewell-1.1409840

Canada:

rabies_tag_small_websiteNew Brunswick 11/30/12 Restigouche County: An unvaccinated house cat in Balmoral that bit its owner has tested positive for rabies. The New Brunswick Veterinary Medical Association said this incident reinforces that rabies still exists in the province. – See http://atlantic.ctvnews.ca/n-b-house-cat-tests-positive-for-rabies-1.1060786

~ ~ ANNOUNCEMENT ~ ~

cdc_logo

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases

Division of Vector-Borne Diseases / Bacterial Diseases Branch

Fort Collins, Colorado

Is pleased to announce the release of CDC’s

Plague Fact Sheet

(in English and Spanish)

at

http://www.cdc.gov/plague/

Remains of ALASKA forester killed by BROWN BEARS found on Chichagof Island ~ CHIPMUNK suffering from BUBONIC PLAGUE found in northern CALIFORNIA ~ Officials kill MOUNTAIN LION in SOUTH DAKOTA city ~ NATIONAL report on WEST NILE VIRUS.

Brown bear eating salmon. Courtesy National Park Service.

Alaska 10/16/12 go.com: by Dan Joling – Human remains found ravaged by one or more brown bears on a southeast Alaska island are likely from a Sitka man overdue on a boating trip, Sitka police said Monday. Police confirmed the death Sunday and said remains found on Chichagof Island were likely that of Tomas Puerta, 54, who left Sitka in a skiff Thursday on his way to a forestry job site near Peril Strait. The death was first reported by KCAW-FM. Sitka is a community of about 9,000 on Baranof Island. Admiralty, Baranof, and Chichagof islands together are known as the “ABC Islands.” They’re sparsely populated with humans but heavily populated with bears that Alaska researchers have found are genetically more closely related to polar bears than to other brown bears. “They have lots of bears, especially up on Chichagof,” said Sitka police Lt. Barry Allen. “We have enough here on Baranof Island, but Chichagof has a scad of them.”

Chichagof Island, Alaska.

Puerta was a tree-thinner, Allen said. He was employed in an area that had been logged to cut young trees so others would have less competition and would grow faster. Puerta had made a grocery run, Allen said, and was returning to the job site with a load of food. The 40- to 50-mile trip on flat, protected water should have taken about two hours Thursday afternoon, Allen said, but Puerta never made it. “It looks like he had engine problems and he wound up on the beach,” Allen said. – For complete article see http://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory/bear-mauling-victim-found-alaskan-island-17486684#.UH36HlEt7WB

Bubonic Plague:

Uintah chipmunk. Photo by Utah Department of Natural Resources.

California 10/16/12 nbcbayarea.com: by Lori Preuitt – Rodents carrying the plague are the latest worry for campers and hikers in California – now spotted in both the north and south of the state. A chipmunk died from the disease South Lake Tahoe, according to the U.S. Forest Service. The discovery follows a ground squirrel that was diagnosed with the bubonic in Riverside County just last week.  The positive test for the squirrel was the first reported case of the bubonic plague in Southern California in nearly a decade. It reportedly showed no signs of illness. The chipmunk, on the other hand, was found rolled up in a ball, shaking and struggling to breathe when it was discovered near the entrance to the Taylor Creek Visitor Center, according to the U.S. Forest Service. – For complete article see http://www.nbcbayarea.com/news/health/Plague-Worries-Move-to-Lake-Tahoe-174434151.html

Mountain Lion Sightings:

South Dakota 10/16/12 Pennington County: State wildlife professionals killed a mountain lion that was spotted in a tree in a residential area of Rapid City on Monday. – See http://www.mitchellrepublic.com/event/article/id/71311/group/homepage/

West Nile Virus (WNV):

CDC map.

National 10/09/12 cdc.gov: Update – As of October 9, 2012, 48 states have reported West Nile virus infections in people, birds, or mosquitoes. A total of 4,249 cases of West Nile virus disease in people, including 168 deaths, have been reported to CDC. Of these, 2,123 (50%) were classified as neuroinvasive disease (such as meningitis or encephalitis) and 2,126 (50%) were classified as non-neuroinvasive disease. The 4,249 cases reported thus far in 2012 is the highest number of West Nile virus disease cases reported to CDC through the second week in October since 2003. Almost 70 percent of the cases have been reported from eight states (Texas, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Dakota, Michigan, Oklahoma, and Illinois) and over a third of all cases have been reported from Texas. – For further details see http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.htm

EHD virus in ILLINOIS may have killed more than 2,000 DEER ~ CALIFORNIA confirms GROUND SQUIRREL positive for BUBONIC PLAGUE ~ Scientists say LYME DISEASE will continue to spread ~ MOUNTAIN LION report from IDAHO ~ COYOTE reports from CA, FL, & ILx2 ~ EEE/WNV report from CAx2, CO, FL, LA, & VT ~ RABIES reports from TN, TX, & VA ~ CDC REPORTS: ZOONOTIC DISEASE summary for week ending September 29, 2012.

Whitetail Buck. Courtesy of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Illinois 10/05/12 dnr.illinois.gov: News Release – State officials today announced updated results of monitoring of deer mortality in the state attributed to Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease (EHD).  Since an earlier update on September 6, many Illinois citizens have taken the time to make reports of sick, dead, and/or dying animals throughout the state. The IDNR Division of Wildlife Resources thanks those individuals who have taken time to provide information on EHD-probable deer mortality in the state. As of September 30, there were 2,043 deer reported as probable EHD deaths, with reports from 76 counties.  The highest numbers were reported from Cook (326); Calhoun (181); Coles (138); Macon and Shelby (121). Hunters taking to the field in Illinois for archery deer hunting and the Oct. 6-7 Illinois Youth Firearm Deer Hunt need not be concerned about eating venison from animals that may have contracted EHD and survived.  EHD has no impact on humans, pets, or livestock. – For complete news release and county maps see http://www.dnr.illinois.gov/news/Pages/EpizooticHemorrhagicDisease%28EHD%29IllinoisUpdate.aspx

Bubonic Plague:

Ground squirrel. Courtesy National Park Service.

California 10/05/12 inlandnewstoday.com: For the first time in nearly a decade, bubonic plague has been confirmed in Riverside County.  State health officials said Thursday that a ground squirrel tested positive. It was found during routine testing at the Fern Basin campground in the San Jacinto Mountains north of Idyllwild. It’s an area where similar findings were an annual occurrence in the 1990’s. Bubonic plague is a bacterial disease that can be transmitted from wild rodents to humans through bites from infected fleas. Campers are being warned to stay away from squirrels and other wild animals.

Lyme Disease:

National 10/05/12 petsandparasites.org: by Dr. Chris Carpenter – The Companion Animal Parasite Council (CAPC) 2012 Fall Lyme Disease Forecast calls for increased risk in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic region, the upper Midwest, the Southeastern United States and all along the West Coast. The disease incidence is steadily spreading southward, even into some areas traditionally free or with low incidence of Lyme disease such as the Midwest and parts of the Southeast. The Northeast continues as the most Lyme endemic region of the country. – For complete article see http://www.petsandparasites.org/about-capc/

Mountain Lion Sightings:

Idaho 10/05/12 Ada County: A Boise police bicycle officer saw a mountain lion at about 9:30 a.m. Friday, according to a release from the police department. The cat was spotted beyond 31st and Pleasanton streets in a remote gravel area. The animal fled the area, and officers were unable to locate it. Police are consulting with Idaho Fish & Game officials. The Friday morning sighting was the fifth since Wednesday. – See http://www.bellinghamherald.com/2012/10/05/2718042/cougar-sighting-friday-morning.html

Coyote Attacks:

California 10/05/12 Orange County: A Tustin family says their small dog was fatally injured by a coyote in their Laurelwood neighborhood front yard last month. So far this year, local police have reported 13 coyote sightings near Bryan Avenue and Jamboree Road, about 2 miles from Laurelwood. – See http://www.ocregister.com/news/coyote-373645-coyotes-residents.html

Florida 10/05/12 Orange County: Residents in Dr. Phillips are petitioning to have coyotes removed after several family pets were killed. They say sightings occur on a daily basis and their afraid to allow pets, or even small children, out of their sight. – See http://www.cfnews13.com/content/news/cfnews13/news/article.html/content/news/articles/cfn/2012/10/5/neighbors_start_peti.html

Illinois 10/05/12 DuPage County: Local police report two small dogs survived a coyote attack on September 27th in the 2000 block of Stonebridge Court in Wheaton. One dog was treated for four bites on the neck and face. – See http://wheaton.patch.com/articles/dogs-survive-coyote-attack-in-wheaton

Illinois 10/05/12 DuPage County: A Winfield family says their dog, a Yorkshire terrier, was fatally injured by a coyote in their yard adjacent to the Illinois Prairie Path on Wednesday. – See http://abclocal.go.com/wls/story?section=news/local&id=8837288

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

California 10/06/12 Shasta County: Health officials have confirmed the county’s first human case of WNV this year. This person is the 217th human case of WNV in the state this year. – See http://anewscafe.com/2012/10/06/first-human-west-nile-virus-infection-of-2012-identified-in-shasta-county/

California 10/05/12 Merced County: Health officials confirm that a 26-year-old woman from Gustine has presented the first human case of WNV in the city this year. – See http://www.westsideconnect.com/2012/10/05/human-case-of-west-nile-in-gustine-2/

Colorado 10/05/12 Pueblo County: Health officials have confirmed one human case of WNV in the city of Pueblo, and suspects another. – See http://www.chieftain.com/news/local/puebloan-contracts-west-nile-virus/article_5bb26fc6-0f46-11e2-b001-001a4bcf887a.html

Florida 10/05/12 Jackson County: Health officials have reported a human case of WNV in the county, and a horse stabled on Sellers Road between Malone and Campbellton has tested positive for EEE. – See http://www2.jcfloridan.com/news/2012/oct/05/west-nile-eee-reported-jackson-county-ar-4693739/

Louisiana 10/05/12 dhh.louisiana.gov: Update – State health officials have confirmed 25 new human cases of WNV, but not new deaths occurred this week. So far this year, 305 human cases of WNV have been reported, including 11 WNV-related deaths. – See http://www.dhh.louisiana.gov/index.cfm/newsroom/detail/2651

Vermont 10/06/12 Essex County: Health officials have confirmed that a second person in the state has been infected with WNV and is recovering. – See http://www.reformer.com/latestnews/ci_21711420/second-case-west-nile-identified-vermont

Rabies:

Tennessee 10/05/12 tnpublichealth: State health officials are currently distributing oral rabies vaccine packets in eight northeast counties to prevent the spread of rabies in raccoons. The air drops began Tuesday and will continue through Oct. 12th.

Texas 10/05/12 Wichita County: Two skunks found near Wichita Falls, one southwest of the city and the other southeast, have tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.timesrecordnews.com/news/2012/oct/05/skunks-near-city-positive-rabies/

Virginia 10/04/12 Virginia Beach: A fox that attacked four people on Border Way off Salem Road has tested positive for rabies. – See video report at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZjTzOY28pqg

CDC Reports:

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending September 29, 2012:

Published October 5, 2012/ 61(39); ND-536-ND-549

Anaplasmosis . . . 1 . . . New York,

Babesiosis . . . 4 . . . California, New York (3),

Brucellosis . . . 2 . . . California (2),    

Ehrlichiosis . . . 8 . . . North Carolina (7), Tennessee,

Giardiasis . . . 167 . . . Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas (5), California (20), Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho (2), Iowa (3), Maine, Maryland (5), Massachusetts (7), Michigan (4), Missouri (7), Nebraska (5), New York (55), Ohio (21), Oregon (4), Pennsylvania (6), Vermont, Virginia, Washington (15), Wisconsin,

Lyme Disease . . .  161. . .  California, Delaware (4), Maine (3), Maryland (25), New Hampshire, New York (72), North Carolina (11), Pennsylvania (32), Vermont (5), Virginia (7),

Q Fever (Acute) . . . 2 . . . North Carolina (2), 

Rabies (Animal) . . . 46. . . Idaho (5), Kansas (2), Missouri, New Hampshire, New York (8), Ohio (3), Pennsylvania (6), Rhode Island, Vermont (2), Virginia (17),

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Confirmed) . . . 2. . . Maryland, Missouri

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 43 . . . Alabama, Arkansas, Indiana (2), Kentucky (3), Missouri (2), North Carolina (21), Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee (8), Virginia (3),

Tularemia . . . 1 . . . Missouri.

WASHINGTON ranchers say 15 CATTLE killed or injured by WOLVES since mid-July ~ Second PLAGUE victim associated with earlier OREGON case ~ ANNOUNCEMENT: LYME DISEASE conference to be held in PENNSYLVANIA ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from MS, NM, & CANADA: MANITOBA.

Black wolf. Photo by Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife.

Washington 09/17/12 spokesman.com: by Rich – Another five calves have been attacked by wolves at the Diamond M Ranch in Eastern Washington, bringing wolf-livestock conflicts to a tally of 15 in a short three-month period. Three calves were found dead last week and two more suffered severe injuries, according to ranch co-owner Bill McIrvin. The two calves that survived were discovered on Sept. 12 and 14. Both had suffered severe bites and torn flesh to their hindquarters. One of the calves had parts of her reproductive and urinary track torn from her body so she can no longer urinate properly.

Oregon range rider protects livestock from wolves – USFWS program. Photo by Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife.

The Diamond M, located in a portion of Eastern Washington known as the “Wedge”, has been working with the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) for several months to implement non-lethal methods to prevent damage to their cattle herd. Abiding with agency recommendations, the Diamond M waited to turn their calves out on summer range until they were 200 pounds. The ranch also employed more cowboys to patrol their grazing range. Despite these efforts, attacks to the herd have persisted resulting in a state confirmation of 10 dead and five injured since June.  The McIrvin’s herd records suggest there are likely a total of 40 dead from wolf attacks. – For complete report see http://www.spokesman.com/blogs/outdoors/2012/sep/17/more-dead-cattle-no-dead-wolve-reported-wedge/

Oregon 09/17/12 opposingviews.com: by Denise A. Justin – A woman who tried to help her friend save a cat that was choking on a mouse contracted Bubonic plague from the diseased feline, Portland health officials announced on Friday, September 14 . . . The woman, who wished to remain unidentified, was bitten at the same time as Paul Gaylord, who received national attention this summer when he almost died after contracting the infection (see posts in this blog dated June 13, 2012, and July 19, 2012). The 59-year-old Prineville man was hospitalized in critical condition with Black Plague on June 9 and spent nearly a month in intensive care on life support. “His heart stopped,” said his mother, Almeda Gaylord. “His lung collapsed. They told us he wasn’t going to make it.” On July 11, doctors announced that they would have to sever the top half of Gaylord’s fingers. They’ll also cut off the tips of his toes. Charlie, Gaylord’s cat, most likely was infected by a flea carrying the plague, officials concluded. The Oregon woman who was a “family friend” tried to help Gaylord when Charlie came home one day choking, with a mouse stuck in the back of his mouth. Gaylord tried to pull the mouse out and in the process, Charlie bit him and the woman. When they realized they couldn’t help the cat, Gaylord reportedly borrowed a gun from a neighbor and shot Charlie to stop his suffering, according to oregonlive.com. Public health officials sent the cat’s body to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It confirmed that Charlie had the plague, said Emilio DeBess, state public health veterinarian. – For complete article see http://www.opposingviews.com/i/society/animal-rights/oregon-woman-contracts-black-plague-cat

ANNOUNCEMENT:

Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons and the Lyme Disease Association announce their jointly sponsored 13th annual national conference, entitled “Lyme and Tick-Borne Diseases: Microbial Persistence & Tick-Borne Diseases New Scientific & Clinical Directions.” Designed for health care providers and offering 13.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™ to CME registrants, the conference is Sept. 29/30, Hyatt Bellevue, Philadelphia, PA. The public is also invited to register. www.LymeDiseaseAssociation.org . Twenty faculty members including two European presenters, are led by conference Course Co-Directors, Brian Fallon, MD, MPH, Director, Columbia Lyme & Tick-Borne Diseases Research Center in New York, well-known for research on neurologic and neuropsychiatric Lyme disease; and Stephen Barthold, DVM, PhD, University of California, Davis, member of the Institute of Medicine and pioneer in the study of Borrelia in the mouse model. The conference presenters will provide their expertise covering a broad range of research and clinical topics. A focus of the meeting is to explore the significance of recent findings in the monkey and mouse model that demonstrate the persistence of Borrelia burdorferi (Bb) infection despite antibiotic treatment. A presentation from the Chief of the Bacterial Diseases Branch of the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, will describe recent trends in tick-borne diseases, including information about the newly described phlebovirus (aka Heartland virus) identified in 2 patients after tick exposure in Missouri. – See http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/lyme-disease-scientific-conference-latest-findings-in-research–clinical-developments-170020516.html

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Mississippi 09/17/12 msdh.ms.gov: Public health Report – State health officials confirm 29 new human cases of WNV reported in Adams (2), Claiborne (1), Harrison (1), Hinds (5), Humphreys (1), Jackson (1), Jefferson Davis (1), Lamar (1), Lauderdale (1), Madison (5), Perry (1), Rankin (6), Sunflower (1), Warren (1), and Yazoo (1) counties, bringing the state total to 169 cases including 4 deaths. – See http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/_static/14,0,93,554.html

New Mexico 09/17/12 San Juan County: Health officials confirm two new human cases of WNV in the county: a woman 32 and another who is 70. There are now 26 human cases statewide including one death. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/7871a05dbf6d4f66a0cb1b5aaa832fcb/NM–West-Nile-San-Juan-County

Canada:

Manitoba 09/16/12 portagedailygraphic.com: by Angela Brown – Health officials confirm the Province has identified 33 human cases of WNV so far this year. As of Sept. 14th, the Southern Regional Health Authority has reported 15 cases, Winnipeg has had 9, Western 5 and Interlake-Eastern 4. – See http://www.portagedailygraphic.com/2012/09/16/province-reports-more-west-nile-cases-in-region