Tag Archives: Cows

Scientists scramble to solve NOVEL CORONAVIRUS mystery ~ NEBRASKA and NEW MEXICO issue TULAREMIA ALERTS ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS reports from AL, FL, GA, & SC ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CAx2, IL, IN, MA, NEx2, TXx3, & WI ~ RABIES reports from AL, KS, MT, RI, & TX.

This is not Earth revolving around the sun. It's a transmission electron micrograph of a novel coronavirus associated with MERS. Courtesy of NIAID, National Institutes of Health.

This is not a bright yellow sun shining on a red planet.. It’s a transmission electron micrograph of a novel coronavirus associated with MERS. Courtesy of NIAID, National Institutes of Health.

Global 07/01/13 nytimes.com: by Denise Grady – As the scientists peered into the darkness, their headlamps revealed an eerie sight. Hundreds of eyes glinted back at them from the walls and ceiling. They had discovered, in a crumbling, long-abandoned village half-buried in sand near a remote town in southwestern Saudi Arabia, a roosting spot for bats. It was an ideal place to set up traps. The search for bats is part of an investigation into a deadly new viral disease that has drawn scientists from around the world to Saudi Arabia. The virus, first detected there last year, is known to have infected at least 77 people, killing 40 of them, in eight countries. The illness, called MERS, for Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome, is caused by a coronavirus, a relative of the virus that caused SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), which originated in China and caused an international outbreak in 2003 that infected at least 8,000 people and killed nearly 800.

Bats_NPSAs the case count climbs, critical questions about MERS remain unanswered. Scientists do not know where it came from, where the virus exists in nature, why it has appeared now, how people are being exposed to it, or whether it is becoming more contagious and could erupt into a much larger outbreak, as SARS did. The disease almost certainly originated with one or more people contracting the virus from animals — probably bats — but scientists do not know how many times that kind of spillover to humans has occurred, or how likely it is to keep happening. There is urgency to the hunt for answers. Half the known cases have been fatal, though the real death rate is probably lower, because there almost certainly have been mild cases that have gone undetected. But the virus still worries health experts, because it can cause such severe disease and has shown an alarming ability to spread among patients in a hospital. It causes flulike symptoms that can progress to severe pneumonia. The disease is a chilling example of what health experts call emerging infections, caused by viruses or other organisms that suddenly find their way into humans. Many of those diseases are “zoonotic,” meaning they are normally harbored by animals but somehow manage to jump species. “As the population continues to grow, we’re bumping up against wildlife, and they happen to carry some nasty viruses we’ve never seen before,” said Peter Daszak, a disease ecologist and the president of EcoHealth Alliance, a scientific group that studies links between human health, the health of wild and domestic animals, and the environment.

MERS_CoV_mapSaudi Arabia has had the most patients so far (62), but cases have also originated in Jordan, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. Travelers from the Arabian peninsula have taken the disease to Britain, France, Italy and Tunisia, and have infected a few people in those countries. Health experts are also worried about the Hajj, the Muslim pilgrimage that will draw millions of visitors to Saudi Arabia in October. MERS has not reached the United States, but health officials have told doctors to be on the lookout for patients who get sick soon after visiting the Middle East. So far, more than 40 people in 20 states have been tested, all with negative results, according to Dr. Anne Schuchat, the director of the National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

cdc_logoThe illness can be spread by coughs and sneezes, or contaminated surfaces, and people with chronic diseases seem especially vulnerable. More men than women have fallen ill, possibly because women have been protected by their veils. A cluster of cases that began in a Saudi hospital in April ultimately involved 23 people, including several family members and health workers. One man infected seven people, each of whom spread the disease to at least one other person. Regardless of where they emerge, new illnesses are just “a plane ride away,” said Dr. Thomas Frieden, the director of the C.D.C. And while MERS is not highly contagious like the flu, he said, “the likelihood of spread is not small.” – For complete article with extensive information about vulnerability and transmission see http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/02/health/experts-scramble-to-trace-the-emergence-of-mers.html?pagewanted=2&tntemail0=y&_r=0&emc=tnt

Tularemia:

Nebraska 06/28/13 Lincoln County: Two more cases of tularemia have been identified in the Lincoln County area. One of these is a 9-year-old boy. – See http://www.knopnews2.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&zoonosis_Tularemiaid=8164:two-cases-of-tularemia-in-area&Itemid=105

New Mexico 06/27/13 health.state.nm.us: News Release – The Department of Health announced today that tularemia cases are on the increase in several locations around the state. Since the middle of April there have been 4 cases in people and 6 cases in dogs and cats. The human cases include a 45-year-old man from Santa Fe County, an 88-year-old woman from McKinley County, a 62-year-old woman from Santa Fe County and a 75-year-old woman from San Juan County. Three of the human cases were hospitalized and all have recovered and gone home. Onset of illness in the most recent case was June 15. The pet cases include 2 cats and one dog from Santa Fe County, a dog from Sandoval County, a dog from Los Alamos County, and a cat from Torrance County. They have all recovered. – For complete release see http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20130627-Tularemia-EN.pdf

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

Mobile Cty ALAlabama 06/28/13 Mobile County: Health officials have confirmed that a sentinel chicken placed in the county has tested positive for EEE. No further information about location was provided. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/ce1a7c27e23b4190b11b245d044828f1/AL–Mosquitoes-Disease

Hernando cty FLFlorida 06/28/13 Hernando County: A sentinel chicken that is part of a flock located near State Road 50 and Ridge Manor Boulevard, near the landfill, in Spring Hill has tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.baynews9.com/content/news/baynews9/news/article.html/content/news/articles/bn9/2013/6/28/chicken_tests_positi.html

Brooks_County.GAGeorgia 06/28/13 Brooks County: The state Department of Agriculture has confirmed that another horse stabled in the county has tested positive for EEE. This is the second EEE-infected horse found in the county and the fourth case of EEE in an animal in the South Health District so far this year. – See http://www.wctv.tv/news/headlines/Horse-Tests-Positive-For-EEE-In-Brooks-County-213521901.html

Sumter_County.SCSouth Carolina 06/29/13 Sumter County: A foal stabled in the county that recently died has tested positive for EEE. Two adult horses that died at the same farm around the same time are suspected of also having EEE. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/8b2f85cdbf234c5eaaedf72f81a563ef/NC–EEE-Horse-Death

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Placer-County_CACalifornia 06/29/13 Placer County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquito samples taken from traps in Roseville and Sheridan have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.rocklintoday.com/news/templates/community_news.asp?articleid=11795&zoneid=4

Los Angeles Cty CACalifornia 06/28/13 Los Angeles County: Two dead American crows found at El Dorado Park in Long Beach have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.lbpost.com/news/2000002516-west-nile-virus-found-in-el-dorado-park-birds#.Uc5NOZymVFt

 

Cook cty ILIllinois 06/28/13 Cook County: Public health officials have found WNV in a batch of mosquitoes trapped in Chicago for the first time this year. – See http://abclocal.go.com/wls/story?section=news/local&id=9156241

Adams_County.LNIndiana 06/27/13 Adams County: The first signs of WNV in the county were found Friday in mosquitoes trapped in the county that tested positive for the virus. – See http://vaccinenewsdaily.com/medical_countermeasures/325773-indiana-detects-first-west-nile-virus-activity-of-2013/

plymouth cty MAMassachusetts 06/28/13 Plymouth County: Public health officials announced today that a mosquito collected on June 25th in Whitman has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www1.whdh.com/news/articles/local/boston/10011015074128/mosquito-tests-positive-for-west-nile-virus/

NebraskaPanhandleNebraska 07/01/13 Panhandle: Mosquito samples from the state’s Panhandle region have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.chadrad.com/newsstory.cfm?story=30038

Lincoln-County_NENebraska 06/29/13 Lincoln County: One human case of WNV has been confirmed in the county, and the virus has also been detected in mosquitoes trapped in the county this year. – See http://www.omaha.com/article/20130629/LIVEWELL01/706299910/1161

Erath_County_TXTexas 07/01/13 Erath County: Health officials have confirmed a human case of WNV in Dublin. – See http://www.yourstephenvilletx.com/news/local/article_5f9ba464-e27b-11e2-94de-001a4bcf887a.html

harris cty TXTexas 06/28/13 Harris County: A new sample of mosquitoes trapped in the 77520 zip code area of Baytown has tested positive for WNV. – See http://news92fm.com/363102/west-nile-virus-found-in-mosquitoes-in-baytown/

tarrant cty TXTexas 06/28/13 Tarrant County: The city of Grapevine has finished spraying in the vicinity of the Police Department at 300 W. Dallas Road where a mosquito was trapped on Thursday that later tested positive for WNV. – See http://impactnews.com/grapevine-to-retest-after-spraying/

Washington_County.WIWisconsin 06/28/13 Washington County: A dead crow found in the county is the first bird in the state to test positive for WNV this year. – See http://www.haywardwi.com/news/article_14cc6ac0-de77-11e2-8f10-0019bb2963f4.html?mode=story

Rabies:

raccoon_lgAlabama 07/01/13 Chilton County: A raccoon found last week near U.S. Highway 31 and County Road 29 has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.clantonadvertiser.com/2013/07/01/second-rabies-case-found-in-chilton-county/

KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERAKansas 07/01/13 McPherson County: On Monday, a cow kept in the county tested positive for rabies. This is the second case of rabies in the county and the 37th case statewide so far this year including 27 skunks, four bovines, two dogs, two cats, one fox and one bat. – See http://www.mcphersonsentinel.com/article/20130701/NEWS/130709977/1001/NEWS#axzz2XrJqSRm0

dog_skunk_338171703Montana 07/01/13 Yellowstone County: The Billings Police Department has announced the county is under a 60-Day Rabies Quarantine after a domestic dog at the Windsor Trailer Court in the Heights showed non-aggressive symptoms of rabies. Chief Rich St. John said the dog came in contact with a skunk. Further investigation revealed as many has 13 people were exposed to the virus, as well as other people and loose pets.- See http://www.kulr8.com/story/22737723/yellowstone-co-under-rabies-quarantine

help-mdRhode Island 07/01/13 Providence County: A 12-year-old boy was attacked by a dog during baseball practice Monday at the Gano Street ball fields in the City of Providence. The dog, described as a “brown, possible pit bull mix” bit his leg and arm. The dog’s owner, who left the scene before being identified, was described as “a white man in his 20s or 30s with collar length hair”. If authorities cannot determine whether the dog has been vaccinated for the virus, the boy is likely to need rabies prevention shots, which can be quite painful. – See http://www.turnto10.com/story/22734686/boy-attacked-by-dog-at-baseball-practice

IMG_1947Texas 07/01/13 Hays County: Health officials issued a Rabies Alert after a bat that tested positive for the virus was found in the filtration system at Coves of Cimmaron Community Pool, just ouside of Buda.  – See http://www.woai.com/content/news/newslinks/story/Rabies-alert-issued-in-Hays-County/Lao9Mb65kUSTEoOAfrJNDg.cspx

72-year-old MINNESOTA WOMAN survives BLACK BEAR attack ~ 82-year-old NEW MEXICAN WOMAN’S home invaded by BLACK BEAR ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CA, & IL ~ RABIES reports from CO, CT, LA, MN, NE, NJ, NYx2, NCx2, OH, TXx2, & WI.

Black bear. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Black bear. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Minnesota 06/05/13 dnr.state.mn.us: News Release – An Aitkin County woman was injured in a black bear attack Monday evening, according to the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (DNR). The 72-year-old McGregor woman was bitten and clawed by a sow bear before the animal and her three yearlings left the woman’s property. The woman’s injuries were serious but not life-threatening. The bears had been seen on the property prior to Monday’s incident. A conservation officer later killed the 190-pound female, or sow, bear, after the animal ran at the officer as well. “Like any wild animal, bears can be unpredictable,” said Rodmen Smith, acting director of the DNR’s Division of Enforcement. “This situation was clearly unusual bear behavior and presented a public safety risk.”

220px-Dnr_logo_colorAccording to the DNR, the incident on Monday began when the woman let her dog outside after checking to make sure the bears, which had been seen on the property for several days, weren’t around. When the three yearlings unexpectedly ran from under the deck, her golden retriever ran off the deck and gave chase. When the woman reached the bottom of her deck stairs, she saw the sow nearby. The sow initially ran toward the dog, but when the woman yelled for the dog to return, the sow changed direction and came at her, striking her left arm and side with its claws and knocking her to the ground. The bear retreated, and then attacked a second time, biting her on the right arm and leg, leaving puncture wounds. The sow bear ran in the direction of the three yearlings. The woman called 911 around 7 p.m. – For complete release see http://news.dnr.state.mn.us/2013/06/05/woman-sustains-non-life-threatening-injuries-in-bear-attack/

20120612__13epcpht_500New Mexico 06/05/13 wildlife.state.nm.us: News Release – A large black bear broke into a home north of Cimarron and attacked an elderly, bedridden woman Tuesday night. A bear believed to have been the attacker was caught and killed by Game and Fish officers today. The woman received minor injuries. The 82-year-old woman, who asked to not be identified, was in bed with the doors and windows open when a bear broke the latch on a screen door and entered her room. The housekeeper went in about 10 p.m. to close the doors and turn off her light and found her with scratches on her nose and head. The housekeeper applied first aid but didn’t find it necessary to call for further medical assistance. Game and Fish officers were called the next morning when it was apparent that a bear had broken the screen door. Conservation Officer Kyle Jackson contacted nm_sa_logo_290Hap Blacksten, a local houndman, who was able to find the bear with dogs. The bear was killed and taken to the Veterinarian Diagnostic Center in Albuquerque, where it will be tested for rabies. “This was a large male bear, probably weighing over 400 pounds,” Officer Jackson said. “Comparing it to the marks on the door, we believe this is the bear that broke in, but there was no apparent reason for the bear to enter the house.” – For complete release see http://www.wildlife.state.nm.us/publications/press_releases/documents/2013/060513badbear.html

West Nile Virus (WNV):

San_Mateo_County_CACalifornia 06/04/13 San Mateo County: Two dead birds have tested positive for WNV. So far eight of California’s 58 counties have documented WNV cases, district ecologist Theresa Shelton said. No human cases have reported this year. – http://www.contracostatimes.com/breaking-news/ci_23387892/west-nile-make-first-2013-appearance-san-mateo

Cook cty ILIllinois 06/03/13 Cook County: Mosquitoes captured in Hillside have tested positive for WNV for the first time this year. – See http://www.journal-topics.com/news/article_9d1163b0-cc5f-11e2-8bbf-0019bb30f31a.html

Rabies:

2195804032_bb25565f77 - CopyColorado 06/05/13 Weld County: A skunk found on Monday in the 100 block of North 23rd Avenue in Greeley has tested positive for rabies. A second skunk found in the 2100 block of 7th Street is being tested. – See http://www.greeleytribune.com/news/6810965-113/skunk-department-greeley-rabies

dnr.wi.govConnecticut 06/04/13 Fairfield County: A raccoon that attacked a man in Stamford who was working at an area church has tested positive for rabies. The man will now likely have to be treated for exposure to the virus as he bludgeoned the animal to death and was covered with its blood. – See http://stamford.patch.com/groups/police-and-fire/p/man-kills-attacking-rabid-raccoon-in-stamford

skunk-pictureLouisiana 06/05/13 DeSoto Parish: Health officials have issued a Rabies Alert after a skunk killed in the vicinity of Ann Francis Road and Jackie Lane on the east side of U.S. Highway 171 in Stonewall tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.shreveporttimes.com/article/20130605/NEWS01/306050048/Rabid-skunk-has-Stonewall-residents-alert?nclick_check=1

road_sign_need_helpMinnesota 06/04/13 Olmsted County: On Monday, around 4PM, a medium size black dog wearing no collar and without an owner bit a child.  The incident happened at Slatterly Park, 950 11 Ave SE in Rochester.  The dog ran up and bit the child and immediately ran off to the east towards the river.  Animal Control checked the area for the dog and could not find the animal.  They are trying to locate the dog to see if it might be infected with rabies and to determine appropriate medical treatment for the child who was bitten. Anyone with information about this dog bite should call Rochester Animal Control at (507) 328-6960, Monday through Friday before 5:00 p.m.  On evenings, weekends, and holidays, call the Law Enforcement Center Dispatcher at (507) 328-6800.

350324_roger-cruwys_sobaki_shhenki_skunsy_art_2194x1521_(www_GdeFon_ru)Nebraska 06/04/13 Morris County: A skunk that killed one of the puppies in a litter of six on May 24th in Omaha apparently had rabies. Since then another of the puppies showing signs of paralysis has tested positive for the virus. The mother of the litter and all remaining puppies have been euthanized and a family of five is being treated for exposure to the disease. – See http://www.dailytribune.net/news/article_830cb296-ccda-11e2-b46d-0019bb2963f4.html

catraccoon - CopyNew Jersey 06/03/13 Cumberland County: A raccoon found in Greenwich Township last month has tested positive for rabies. Two outdoor cats may have been exposed to the virus and are under observation. – See http://www.nj.com/cumberland/index.ssf/2013/06/third_rabies_case_of_2013_repo.html

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERANew York 06/05/13 Fulton County: A red fox that chased and bit a resident of Gloversville in her upper Bleecker Street yard on June 3rd has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.leaderherald.com/page/content.detail/id/556544/Fox-tests-positive-for-rabies.html?nav=5011

does-bible-say-helping-brother-800x800New York 06/04/13 Lewis County: Health officials are seeking the public’s help in finding the owner of a dog that bit someone. The incident happened Monday afternoon on the Austin Road in Glenfield. The dog is described as a medium-size mixed breed with gray and white fur. Officials say the dog is still at large and might be roaming the area. Health officials say they need to find the owner to find out of the dog is up to date on its rabies shots. If the dog is not found — or is not current on its vaccinations — the victim will have to have a series of shots. Anyone with information can call public health at 315-376-5453.

North Carolina 06/04/13 Davidson County: A fox that attacked a man in the Hasty community near Thomasville has tested positive for rabies. Brooks Milliken was bitten several times while trying to protect his wife who was gardening at their home when the fox appeared from under their back porch. – redfox-aug09See http://www.the-dispatch.com/article/20130604/NEWS/306049975/1005/news?Title=Fox-that-attacked-county-man-had-rabies

North Carolina 06/03/13 Guilford County: A fox seen in the vicinity of Madison Farm Road and later in the vicinity of Alamance Church Road in Greensboro has tested positive for rabies. One human and a domestic animal may have been exposed to the virus. – See http://myfox8.com/2013/06/03/guilford-countys-9th-case-of-rabies-this-year-found-in-fox/

rabiesfuriousOhio 06/05/13 Trumbull County: A feral cat that bit a woman in Liberty Township when she tried to remove it from her garage has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.vindy.com/news/2013/jun/05/a-woman-was-bit-by-a-rabid-cat-in-libert/?nw

Rabies. Cow dying of rabies.  Copyright ITMTexas 06/05/13 McCulloch County: A cow kept in Melvin has tested positive for a strain of fox rabies. Officials are concerned the deadly virus may be returning to Central Texas after several years of intense eradication efforts. – See http://southwestfarmpress.com/livestock/fox-rabies-may-be-back-central-texas-after-cow-tested-positive

thumbnailCA0KC8HVTexas 06/04/13 Coryell County: A skunk seen on May 29th in the vicinity of 207 North 5th Street in Copperas Cove and caught at 101 West Avenue F has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.kcentv.com/story/22502648/skunk-with-rabies-found-in-copperas-cove

batWisconsin 06/05/13 Milwaukee County: A bat that was captured inside a home in the City of Milwaukee has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.620wtmj.com/news/local/210313211.html

MOUNTAIN LION approaches CALIFORNIA HIKER ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from TN, & TX ~ RABIES reports from AL, CO, DC, GA, KS, MI, NJx2, NY, SC, & TX ~ ANNOUNCEMENT: CDC announced new LYME and other TICKBORNE DISEASE resources.

Mountain lion. Courtesy of U.S. Geological Survey.

Mountain lion. Courtesy of U.S. Geological Survey.

California 05/08/13 marinscope.com: by Soren Hemmila – A Mill Valley woman reported seeing a mountain lion while hiking alone near Tam Valley last weekend. Mill Valley resident Elizabeth Kennard said she was hiking on a trail near Tennessee Valley Road when she spotted a mountain lion about 40 feet away. “I first thought oh my goodness maybe it’s a bob cat, don’t be scared,” Kennard said. “Then I saw it was larger and I saw its long tail and knew it wasn’t a bobcat.” The mountain lion leaped at something in the undergrowth and then turned and stared at Kennard before it started walking toward her. “There was nothing nearby to throw so I started backing slowly away and shouting very loudly,” Kennard said. Finally the mountain lion turned and went into the bushes. – For complete article see http://www.marinscope.com/mill_valley_herald/news/article_69183560-b829-11e2-a8df-0019bb2963f4.html

West Nile Virus (WNV):

shelby cty TNTennessee 05/07/13 Shelby County: The Health Department reported that mosquitoes collected in seven ZIP codes across the county — 38116, 38122 and 38127 in Memphis, 38133 in Bartlett, 38125 in Germantown, 38017 in Collierville and 38141 in unincorporated areas — tested positive for WNV. It’s the earliest detection in the dozen or so years since the virus initially spread to the county. – See http://www.commercialappeal.com/news/2013/may/07/health-officials-report-earliest-ever-detection/

denton cty TXTexas 05/03/13 Denton County: Mosquitoes trapped in Lewisville on April 30th in the vicinity of the 800 block of College Street and the 1700 block of South Edmond behind the Renaissance Village Retirement Center have tested positive for WNV. Spraying has been scheduled in both areas. – See http://www.coppellgazette.com/articles/2013/05/03/lewisville_leader/news/8622.txt

Rabies:

gray-fox54216Alabama 05/07/13 Baldwin County: Health officials have issued a Rabies Alert after a fox that was found in the vicinity of Fairhope tested positive for rabies. – See http://blog.al.com/pr-community-news/2013/05/rabid_fox_in_baldwin_county_pr.html

cat-bitingColorado 05/03/13 Washington County: A sick feral cat that bit and scratched an adult and a minor has tested positive for rabies. This is the second feral cat to test positive for rabies in the northeastern part of the state this year. – See http://www.yumapioneer.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=5391&Itemid=39

District of Columbia 05/03/13: A sick raccoon captured in the 3100 block of Macomb Street NW has tested positive for rabies. Cleveland Park residents have been advised to secure trash cans, repair access holes in their MissouriDeptConservationhomes, and keep pets on a leash. – See http://www.nbcwashington.com/news/local/Rabid-Raccoon-in-Cleveland-Park-205969911.html

Georgia 05/08/13 DeKalb County: The communities of Brookhaven and Chamblee have issued Rabies Alerts after county officials captured two raccoons in the Harts Mill Court area on April 26th and in the Ragley Hall Road area on April 30th. Both raccoons tested positive for rabies. – See http://brookhaven.patch.com/articles/brookhaven-chamblee-communities-on-rabies-alert

Rabies. Cow dying of rabies.  Copyright ITMKansas 05/03/13 McPherson County: A cow examined by a veterinarian in the City of McPherson late last month has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.mcphersonsentinel.com/article/20130503/NEWS/130509705/1001/NEWS

batwarningMichigan 05/07/13 Wayne County: A bat that was found in Palmer Park on April 24th and was unable to fly has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.myfoxdetroit.com/story/22183912/bat-f

New Jersey 05/03/13 Salem County: A raccoon that fought with two vaccinated dogs in Quinton Township last week has tested positive for rabies. The dogs’ owner cleaned the dogs after the Tonto_Village_copy_t640scuffle and is being treated for possible contact with the raccoon’s saliva and exposure to the rabies virus. – See http://www.nj.com/salem/index.ssf/2013/05/rabid_raccoon_reported_in_quin.html

New Jersey 05/03/13 Cape May County: A raccoon shot by police on Route 47 in Cape May Court House has tested positive for rabies. A skunk that fought with a dog in Swainton on May 1st and was also shot by police was presumed to be rabid. And another skunk that fought with a dog in a separate incident on May 3rd in Cape May Court House is being tested for rabies. – See http://shorenewstoday.com/snt/news/index.php/2010-04-07-20-18-16/middle-township-news/38093-middle-police-shoot-two-animals-suspected-to-have-rabies.html

2326318New York 05/08/13 Oneida County: A fox that attacked a man twice in the vicinity of Pheasant Lane in New Hartford on Monday was shot by police and has tested positive for rabies. The man is receiving post exposure treatment. – See http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/05/fox_from_new_hartford_attack_h.html

South Carolina 05/08/13 Saluda County: A raccoon that bit a man in the county recently has tested positive for rabies. Health officials declined to release further information. – See http://www.indexjournal.comFair-Warning---Red-Fox-and-Skunk-1/main.asp?SectionID=4&SubSectionID=40&ArticleID=18489

Texas 05/03/13 Montague County: A skunk that entered a local residence in Bowie last weekend has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.timesrecordnews.com/news/2013/may/03/briefly-5-3/

Announcement:

cdc_logoNational 05/08/13 cdc.gov: News Release – The CDC has announced the release of a comic strip for school-aged children that teaches them how to prevent tick bites, even when Mom and Dad aren’t around:  See http://www.cdc.gov/lyme/resources/toolkit/DontletTicksbitemeComicFS_508.pdf

And Tickborne Diseases of the United States: A Reference Guide for Health Care Providers. – See http://www.cdc.gov/lyme/resources/TickborneDiseases.pdf

9 people exposed to RABID HORSE in MARYLAND ~ 3 COWS, 3 FOXES, and 2 SHEEP all believed killed by RABIES in VIRGINIA ~ RABIES reports from AL, CA, CT, MD, NY, NC, TX, & VA ~ TRAVEL WARNINGS: AVIAN FLU (H7N9) situation in CHINA being carefully watched by CDC & WHO.

Photo: PD - Wikimedia Commons. Not related to rabid horse article.

Photo: PD – Wikimedia Commons. Not related to rabid horse article.

Maryland 04/17/13 Garrett County: A horse stabled in the Oakland area that appeared to be ill on April 7th has tested positive for rabies. At least nine people are receiving post-exposure treatment for the virus, and in addition all cats, dogs, and other horses on the property have been quarantined for observation. – See http://times-news.com/local/x1915235935/Horse-tests-positive-for-rabies-virus-in-Garrett-County

foxVirginia 04/17/13 Highland County: Two cows and two foxes tested positive for rabies during March, and another cow, another fox, and two sheep died with clinical symptoms of the virus but were not tested. – See http://www.therecorderonline.com/news/2013-04-18/Early_Files/Reports_show_two_cows_died_from_rabies_here.html

Other Rabies Reports:

dnr.wi.govAlabama 04/17/13 Shelby County: State officials have issued a Rabies Alert after finding three positive cases of rabies in the raccoon population in the vicinity of Columbiana. The general focus is on a two-mile radius area centering on the Beeswax Creek boat launch. – See http://blog.al.com/spotnews/2013/04/shelby_county_rabies_warning_e.html

grounded%20batCalifornia 04/17/13 San Bernadino County: A dead bat found under a tree at Community Park located near the intersection of Church Street and Pennsylvania Avenue in Redlands has tested positive for rabies. Anyone who may have come in contact with the bat should seek immediate medical advice. – See http://redlands.patch.com/articles/warning-issued-after-bat-found-at-redlands-park-tests-positive-for-rabies

KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERAConnecticut 04/16/13 New London County: A light gray and white striped pregnant cat that bit or scratched three people on Saturday in the vicinity of Meech and Shore avenues near the Shennecossett Golf Course in Groton has tested positive for rabies. All three of the victims are being treated for exposure to the virus. Anyone who believes they might have been exposed to the cat should seek immediate medical advice. – See http://www.theday.com/article/20130416/NWS01/130419700/1047

cute-child-shares-food-with-her-tiny-pet-kittenMaryland 04/15/13 Frederick County: A feral cat that attacked a resident of Ijamsville in the vicinity of Fingerboard and Price Distillery roads on April 11th has tested positive for rabies. Anyone bitten, scratched, or exposed in any way to a large, brown tabby cat in that area should seek immediate medical attention. – See http://www.gazette.net/article/20130415/NEWS/130419380/1016/stray-cat-in-ijamsville-tests-positive-for-rabies&template=gazette

2531896582_b854ccc1a8New York 04/16/13 Clinton County: A gray fox that bit a resident of Au Sable on April 10th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.fox44abc22yourvoice.com/story/21991604/4th-animal-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-clinton-county-ny

Hognosed_skunk - CopyNorth Carolina 04/17/13 Caldwell County: A skunk that attacked two of three unvaccinated dogs owned by a resident on Red Shoals Place in the city of Lenoir’s Morris Creek community has tested positive for rabies. The three dogs were euthanized. – See http://www.charlotteobserver.com/2013/04/16/3985684/1st-rabies-case-of-year-in-caldwell.html

images8batd45dTexas 04/15/13 Galveston and Harris counties: A bat found at Friendswood High School in Friendswood on Wednesday has tested positive for rabies. No human exposure was reported. This is the second rabid bat found at the school within the past two weeks. – See http://abclocal.go.com/ktrk/story?section=news/local&id=9066236

BrunoBoxerPuppy29WeeksRaccoon2 - CopyVirginia 04/16/13 Gloucester County: A dead raccoon found by a homeowner in his dog pen off of Robins Neck Road in the Naxera area has tested positive for rabies. The two dogs in the pen were vaccinated. – See http://www.dailypress.com/news/gloucester-county/dp-nws-gloucester-rabies-0416-20130416,0,3750344.story

Travel Warnings:

who-logoChina 04/15/13 cdc.gov: LEVEL 1 WATCH: On April 1, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced that influenza A (H7N9), a type of flu usually seen in birds, has been identified in a number of people in China. Cases have been confirmed in the following provinces and municipalities: Anhui, Beijing, Henan, Jiangsu, Shanghai, and Zhejiang. This is the first time this virus has been seen in people. Symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Infection with the new virus has resulted in severe respiratory illness and, in some cases, death. Chinese health authorities cdc_logoare conducting investigations to learn the source of the infections with this virus and to find other cases. CDC is following this situation closely and coordinating with domestic and international partners in a number of areas. More information will be posted as it becomes available. There is no recommendation against travel to China at this time.

Author’s Note: So far, most cases have occurred in eastern China, but a few cases have now been identified in Henan Province and Beijing, both further north. As of April 17th, officials have confirmed 82 cases including 17 deaths.

RABBIT hunter in NORTH CAROLINA contracts TULAREMIA ~ MICE captured at CALIFORNIA nature preserve test positive for HANTAVIRUS ~ RABIES reports from AR, KS, & VA.

Eastern Cottontail Rabbit. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Eastern Cottontail Rabbit. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

North Carolina 02/19/13 wilsontimes.com: by Jon Jimison – The N.C. Wildlife Commission and state Division of Public Health are encouraging hunters to take precautions after a rabbit hunter in eastern North Carolina tested positive for a rare but serious disease called tularemia, also known as rabbit fever. A second member of the same hunting party also showed signs of the disease. “We’re just asking hunters to take precautions and be aware,” said Carolyn Rickard, spokeswoman for the N.C. Wildlife Commission. Rabbit hunting season in North Carolina runs from Nov. 17 to Feb. 28. Both hunters appear to be recovering, the commission noted. Although rare, rabbit fever is a serious and potentially fatal disease. It’s also one where preventative measures can be taken. Marilyn Haskell, public health veterinarian and epidemiologist with the N.C. Division of Public Health, said the division’s role is to prevent diseases and its employees would like to get a prevention and education message out to the public.

Tularemia vectors.

Tularemia vectors.

Tularemia is a disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It’s typically found in animals, especially rodents and rabbits. Most cases occur in rural areas. There have been 17 cases reported in North Carolina since 1999.“That is combined, confirmed and probable,” said Haskell, who specializes in rabies and zoonotic diseases. “It can make you very, very sick. We want hunters to know you can get very sick and the rabbit can appear very normal.” There are about 200 cases reported annually in the United States. The disease has a 30 percent mortality rate in some forms if left untreated. It’s treated with antibiotics, Haskell said. All cases this year in North Carolina have been confined to the current investigation. Officials said they wouldn’t name the eastern North Carolina county where the disease was reported due to patient confidentiality concerns. – For complete article see http://www.wilsontimes.com/News/Feature/Story/18247908—Hunter-contracts–rabbit-fever-

Hantavirus:

hantavirus1542California 02/21/13 pe.com: by Richard Brooks – Three mice found in a nature preserve northeast of Moreno Valley have tested positive for hantavirus, Riverside County health officials said. The rodents were among 34 captures during January in Norton Younglove Reserve in the hills between San Timoteo Canyon Road and Highway 60. Hantavirus can be fatal to humans, cautions the national Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. People become infected through contact with infected rodents, the animals’ urine or droppings. Victims develop fever and headache that can lead to respiratory failure. Rodent control in and around homes remains the primary strategy to prevent catching hantavirus. “Over the past decade, approximately 10 percent of the rodents collected in Riverside County have tested positive for hantavirus,” county Department of Environmental Health officials said in a written statement released Thursday, Feb. 21. “To date, there are no documented human cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome originating within Riverside County,” However, they caution people to avoid stirring up debris while cleaning mouse-infested areas, especially in rural areas. Cleanup work should be done while wearing rubber gloves and leaving a 10 percent solution of bleach or household disinfectant on contaminated surfaces for at least 15 minutes. Sponges and mops should be used, rather than brooms and vacuums, officials emphasize. And dead rodents should be double-bagged in plastic before disposal.

Rabies:

Rabies. Cow dying of rabies.  Copyright ITMArkansas 02/19/13 Madison County: A cow kept in Kingston has tested positive for rabies. Officials believe the cow was bitten by a rabid skunk, probably 4-12 weeks prior to showing any symptoms. Cows typically develop a hoarse bellow. Drooling and abnormal swallowing may make them appear to have something caught in their throats. Some animals may only show depression and weakness, or partial paralysis, of the hindquarters. During the course of several hours to a few days, the animal will go down, develop convulsive seizures and die. – See http://harrisondaily.com/cow-dies-of-rabies-near-kingston/article_27087632-7ae2-11e2-8883-0019bb2963f4.html

dog_skunk_338171703Kansas 02/22/13 Greenwood County: A skunk found biting and holding onto a dog’s tail in an area northeast of Eureka has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.emporiagazette.com/news/article_e337b54e-7d11-11e2-af83-10604b9f7e7c.html

raccoon_largeVirginia 02/22/13 Hampton: A raccoon that attacked a family dog on Wednesday at the Sandy Bottom Nature Park has tested positive for rabies. – See http://hamptonroads.com/2013/02/raccoon-attacked-dog-hampton-had-rabies

DEER in ILLINOIS is DuPage County’s first case of CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE ~ RABIES reports from MD, MN, NE, RI, SC, & VA.

Whitetail deer. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Whitetail deer. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Illinois 01/15/13 suntimes.com: The Forest Preserve District of DuPage County is working with the Illinois Department of Natural Resources to further test for chronic wasting disease after a deer was found to have the illness in logo-idnrthe district’s Mallard Lake Forest Preserve next to Hanover Park. “There is no threat to the public’s health or safety,” said the Forest Preserve District’s ecologist Brian Kraskiewicz. “However, we’ll be working with the IDNR to test additional deer to determine if this was an anomaly or if there is an issue among the herd.” Kraskiewicz said that the forest district’s deer management program already helps control the transmission of diseases such as CWD. Last year, the district culled 250 deer as part of that program, with 85 tested according to IDNR standards. The disease recently was found in one deer and, because of that finding, another 20 deer will be culled over the next three weeks from Mallard Lake and Hawk Hollow Forest Preserve, which borders Mallard Lake also next to Hanover Park. . . . Chronic wasting disease is a progressive neurological disease that affects elk, deer and moose, and was first detected in Illinois’ Boone County in 2002. There have been 372 positive results found in 11 northern Illinois counties since. The new case is the first in DuPage County. – For complete article see http://couriernews.suntimes.com/news/17599013-418/dupage-deer-found-with-chronic-wasting-disease.html

Rabies:

6183687956_0905f1bf96_oMaryland 01/14/13 Carroll County: A young, distressed cat that a Sykesville resident attempted to rescue in a community near Main Street has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.carrollcountytimes.com/news/local/sykesville-resident-exposed-to-rabies-after-trying-to-help-stray/article_681d765e-af86-58e5-bbce-469675d8193a.html

Horse%20TeethMinnesota 01/09/13 Mower County: Health officials confirmed on Jan. 4th that a horse stabled in the county has tested positive for rabies. The horse’s owner reported the animal had become weak, began head pressing and falling and having difficulty rising. – http://www.thehorse.com/articles/31183/minnesota-horse-tests-positive-for-rabies

cow15dfNebraska 01/15/13 Cherry County: A cow submitted by a veterinarian has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.sheridancountyjournalstar.net/ag-news/1139-cow-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-cherry-county

111009110345_Raccoon3 - CopyRhode Island 01/15/13 Washington County: A raccoon that attacked a person and two dogs Monday on Heritage Road in North Kingstown was not captured but is presumed to have rabies. Residents are asked to report wildlife acting strangely. – See http://www.boston.com/news/local/rhode-island/2013/01/15/person-treated-for-rabies-after-raccoon-attack/bDYSZtyzMsTbpbPsvKPf5J/story.html

rabiesAlert521d4-1South Carolina 01/09/13 Charleston County: Health officials confirmed today that five adults and one teenager have been exposed to a cat that tested positive for rabies. – See http://www2.counton2.com/news/2013/jan/09/cat-exposes-six-rabies-charleston-county-ar-5330590/

raccoon454 - CopyVirginia 01/14/13 Danville: A raccoon found in the vicinity of Westover Drive has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www2.wsls.com/news/2013/jan/14/danville-families-alerted-first-rabies-case-2013-ar-2465553/

FLORIDA confirms second case of DENGUE FEVER ~ RABIES reports from ARKANSAS, & IOWA ~ CDC REPORTS: ZOONOTIC DISEASE summary for week ending October 27, 2012.

Florida 11/03/12 examiner.com: by Jim Ford – A second confirmed case of dengue fever was diagnosed in Florida on Friday and health officials are investigating a possible third case.

Seminole County

The first confirmed case was reported earlier this week in Seminole County, while the latest case is in Osceola County. It appears that dengue is now widespread in the local environment. Dengue is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. The mosquito becomes infected with dengue virus when it bites a person who has dengue virus in their blood. The person may have no symptoms and may not even be aware they are infected. After about a week, the mosquito can then transmit the virus while biting a healthy person.

Osceola County

There is no prevention other than trying to avoid mosquito bites. Though some people may experience little to no effects, the most common symptoms of dengue include high fever (over 101 degrees Fahrenheit), severe headache, severe pain behind the eyes, muscle, joint and bone pain, rash, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a more severe form of dengue infection. It can be fatal if unrecognized and not properly treated in a timely manner. DHF is caused by infection with the same viruses that cause dengue fever. With good medical management, mortality due to DHF can be less than 1%. – For complete article see http://www.examiner.com/article/dengue-fever-strikes-again-florida

Rabies:

Arkansas 10/20/12 katv.com:  The number of animals that have tested positive for rabies in the state is up to 141 animals. Last year there were 60 rabid animal cases. According to the Arkansas Department of Health, so far this year there have been 115 skunks, 21 bats, two cows and three dogs that tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.katv.com/story/19871433/rabies-cases-up-in-arkansas

Iowa 11/03/12 Polk & Dallas counties: A black cat with a pink collar reportedly bit two people on Beggars’ Night in the downtown Urbandale area, and police say they want help finding it. The incidents occurred on 69th Street north of Douglas Parkway on Tuesday. The bites were serious, said Urbandale Police Sgt. Gary Lang. The victims have started rabies shots. It creates a big problem to have cats wandering around the neighborhood, Lang said. “Cats need to be confined just like dogs,” he said. “We just need to find the owner and see if it’s had its shots.” People have been asked to call 222-3321 if they see the suspected cat.

CDC Reports:

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending October 27, 2012:

Published November 2, 2012/ 61(43); ND-593-ND-606

Anaplasmosis . . . 6 . . . New York (6),

Babesiosis . . . 5 . . . New York (5),

Ehrlichiosis . . . 4 . . . Florida, New York, North Carolina, Virginia,

Giardiasis . . . 185 . . . Alabama, Alaska (2), Arizona, Arkansas (2), California (28), Florida (25), Georgia (26), Idaho (4), Iowa (4), Maine, Maryland (2), Missouri (9), New York (33), Ohio (11), Oregon (5), Utah, Virginia (2), Washington (26), Wisconsin (2),

HME/HGE Undetermined . . . 1 . . . Indiana,

Hansen Disease (Leprosy) . . . 1 . . . North Carolina, 

Lyme Disease . . .  95. . .  Florida (3), Maine (2), Maryland (5), New York (74), North Carolina (4), Ohio, Tennessee, Vermont (2), Virginia (3),

Rabies (Animal) . . . 67. . . Alabama (2), Arkansas (35), Illinois, Kansas, Maine (3), New York (4), Oklahoma (12), Oregon (2), Texas (7),

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 25 . . . Arkansas, Florida, North Carolina (16), Oklahoma (3), Tennessee (3), Texas.