Tag Archives: Coyotes

Vets in FLOOD AREAS warn DOG owners about LEPTOSPIROSIS ~ Two new LYME DISEASE species found in FLORIDA and GEORGIA ~ COYOTE attacks MAN and DOG in COLORADO ~ RABIES reports from VIRGINIA & CANADA: ONTARIO.

Texas flood zone.

Texas flood zone.

National 05/15/14 rfdtv.com: With all the recent storms and flooding, veterinarians are warning of a disease that spreads through water to both dogs and people. “The most important thing about leptospirosis is it’s a zoonotic disease so dogs can transmit the disease to people,” explained Dr. Ken Harkin, a veterinarian with Kansas State University. Harkin is an expert on leptospirosis. He says the bacterial disease can result in kidney failure and can be deadly to dogs. Symptoms of the disease, for both humans and dogs, include joint pain, weakness, vomiting and possibly jaundice.

image_702798The disease is spread through the urine of wild and domestic animals, and dogs and their owners can be exposed from the same source. “A great example, a few years ago we had a client who brought her dog in here with leptospirosis because their front yard had flooded and the raccoons had contaminated their front yard. Both the husband and the dog ended up in the hospital, obviously different hospitals. He has leptospirosis. The dog had leptospirosis. They both got it from the front yard from the raccoons, but certainly the dog could be a potential source for leptospirosis,” said Harkin. There is a vaccine available. Harkin advises to get your dog vaccinated if you live in an area where this disease is prevalent. – See http://www.rfdtv.com/story/24589387/about-us

Lyme Disease:

Dr. Kerry Clark

Dr. Kerry Clark

National 05/14/14 news-medical.net: Dr. Kerry Clark, associate professor of public health at the University of North Florida in Jacksonville, and his colleagues have found additional cases of Lyme disease in patients from several states in the southeastern U.S. These cases include two additional Lyme disease Borrelia species recently identified in patients in Florida and Georgia. Overall, 42 percent of 215 patients from southern states tested positive for some Lyme Borrelia species. More than 90 cases of Lyme infection were confirmed among patients from Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, Texas and Virginia. Of these southern cases, 69 percent were found to have infection with B. burgdorferi, 22 percent with B. americana and 3 percent with B. andersonii. “For years, medical practitioners and the public have been told that Lyme disease is rare to nonexistent in the southern United States. Our earlier research demonstrated that Lyme disease bacteria were present in animals and ticks in our region,” said Clark. “The more recent evidence shows that the disease is also present in human patients in the South, and suggests that it’s common among patients presenting with signs and symptoms consistent with the clinical presentation of Lyme disease recognized in the northeastern part of the country.” His new paper, “Geographical and Genospecies Distribution of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato DNA Detected in Humans in the USA,” was published in the Journal of Medical Microbiology in February. Dr. Brian Leydet in the Department of Pathobiological Sciences at Louisiana State University and Dr. Clifford Threlkeld of Ameripath Central Florida collaborated with Clark in his latest research.

lyme-disease-in-children1The findings are significant for several reasons. They provide additional evidence that multiple Lyme Borrelia species are associated with human disease in the U.S., similar to the situation in Europe. The new findings expand the geographic area where Lyme disease should be considered by medical providers and citizens alike, and suggest that human cases of Lyme disease in the southern U.S. may be much more common than previously recognized. Prior to Clark’s previously published paper in 2013, only one or two Lyme bacterial species, Borrelia burgdorferi and B. bissettii, were recognized to cause disease in North America. Current testing methods and interpretation criteria, designed to detect just one species (B. burgdorferi), may explain many of the complaints involving the unreliability of Lyme disease tests in the U.S. Most of the patients included in Clark’s study were suffering from a variety of chronic health problems, such as fatigue, headaches, muscle and joint pain and cognitive dysfunction. As a result, Clark’s research may help millions of chronically ill people living in areas where Lyme disease wasn’t previously recognized. Called “The New Great Imitator,” Lyme disease is often mistaken for illnesses such as fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, lupus, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, Lou Gehrig’s disease (ALS), Parkinson’s, ADHD and even Alzheimer’s. – For complete article see http://www.news-medical.net/news/20140514/UNF-Professor-discovers-2-Lyme-disease-bacterial-species-that-infect-human-patients.aspx

Coyote:

nm_Coyote_090722_mainColorado 05/16/14 9news.com: by Robert Garrison, KUSA – A coyote attacked a man and his dog walking on the CU-Boulder campus Thursday evening. University of Boulder police said it happened in a wooded area, southwest of Foothills Parkway and Arapahoe Avenue. The man reported that after focusing on them for some time, the coyote approached and eventually attacked his dog. The dog was on a leash and the man was able to pull the dog away from the attack. The coyote then lunged at the man, biting his left forearm as he reached out to block the coyote’s advance. The man was able to fend off the attack by kicking the coyote and swinging a stick as it retreated. – For complete article and precautions see http://www.9news.com/story/news/local/2014/05/16/coyote-attacks-man-dog-on-cu-campus/9190271/

Rabies:

help-mdVirginia 05/15/14 James City County: A cat that bit someone and a dog that scratched another person on Wednesday in two county neighborhoods are wanted by the Peninsula Health District for observation to ensure they aren’t rabid. A Siamese cat with blue eyes bit a person on Wednesday in the Black Heath area of Ford’s Colony, according to a press release. The cat has been seen in the area wearing a collar, but it was not wearing one at the time of the incident. The same day a black dog with a “pug-like” face weighing about 40 pounds scratched a person in the 3900 block of Powhatan Parkway in Powhatan Secondary, according to a separate release. The releases indicate, once found, both animals will be confined within their homes for a period of ten days. If they are not found, the victims will have to undergo post-exposure treatment for rabies prevention. Anyone who has seen an animal fitting either description is asked to call the Peninsula Health District – Williamsburg Environmental Health at 757-603-4277. After hours contact animal control at 757-253-1800.- See http://www.vagazette.com/news/va-vg-two-animals-sought-for-rabies-observation-20140515,0,1810898.story

Canada:

help-298x300Ontario 05/15/14 Grey Bruce Health Unit: by Janice MacKay – (Officials hope) to find the owner of a dog that bit a youth in Owen Sound. A young male was walking the large brown boxer type dog behind the Owen Sound Family YMCA on Tuesday at about 2:20pm, when it bit another youth. Health unit staff hope to confirm the dog is not infectious with rabies, so the victim can avoid post exposure rabies treatment. Anyone with information is asked to call 519-376-9420. – See http://blackburnnews.com/midwestern-ontario/midwestern-ontario-news/2014/05/15/owen-sound-boy-hopes-to-avoid-rabies-treatments/

NEW YORK woman attacked and bitten by COYOTE while walking DOG ~ CHIKUNGUNYA cases in CARIBBEAN now approaching 16,000 ~ TENNESSEE firm develops oral bait LYME DISEASE vaccine for RODENTS ~ CALIFORNIA officials confirm two cases of TYPHUS in L.A. County ~ RABIES reports from CAx2, GA, MA, NJ, NY, NC, SC, TXx3 & VA.

Coyote. Courtesy U.S. National Park Service.

Coyote. Courtesy U.S. National Park Service.

New York 03/25/14 lohud.com: by Steve Lieberman – A woman who was attacked and bitten by a coyote while walking her dog in Orangeburg early Tuesday said she “took one for the team” after police shot and killed the possibly rabid animal. Mary Lou Gardner was walking Jasmine, her 18-pound shih tzu, near Greywood Drive about 6:30 a.m. when the coyote began to stalk them. “I saw it walking between two houses and coming at us,” the 52-year-old said. “I didn’t want to let my dog off the leash.” Gardner held her dog tight and threw her coat on the coyote as it approached. “It went after Jasmine (and) I started kicking the coyote, so (it) turned on me and started biting my leg,” she said.
Neighbors heard the attack and rushed outside, yelling and banging on things to distract the animal, which finally retreated into a back yard as Gardner ran to a house with her dog. Orangeburg police arrived a short time later and shot the coyote, which was taken to the Rockland County Medical Examiner’s Office; it will be tested for rabies at a state police laboratory. Gardner, who was given a tetanus shot at the Nyack Hospital emergency room, suffered bites to her left leg and forearm, and was waiting to find out whether she’ll need rabies shots. Her dog was given a rabies shot as a precaution. Noting that the rabies treatment isn’t as severe as it was years ago, she was philosophical about her wildlife encounter. “I’m glad it was me and not someone else,” said the mother of two grown daughters and a son. “I have a lot of elderly neighbors and there are children here. I took one for the team.” – For complete article see http://www.lohud.com/story/news/local/rockland/2014/03/25/orangetown-woman-bitten-coyote-walking-dog/6871461/
Chikungunya:
5667h6h6Caribbean 03/24/14 umn.edu: The Caribbean now has 15,913 confirmed, probable, or suspected cases of chikungunya, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) said in an update today, up from 10,476 at the end of February. The outbreak is the first known in the Americas; it began on St. Martin in December 2013. Martinique continues to have the most cases, with 7,630 suspected and 1,141 confirmed or probable cases, the ECDC said. The French side of St. Martin is next, with 2,640 suspected and 782 confirmed or probable cases, but the pace of new cases appears to be slowing there. Guadeloupe has 1,960 suspected and 586 confirmed or probable cases. The next hardest-hit areas are: St. Barthelemy, 420 suspected and 134 confirmed or probable cases; the Dutch side of St. Martin, 115 confirmed cases; Dominica, 392 suspected and 56 confirmed cases; French Guiana, 22 confirmed locally acquired and 10 imported cases; Anguilla, 14 confirmed cases; and Aruba and St. Kitts/Nevis each with 1 confirmed case. The ECDC also reported 3 chikingunya-related deaths on the French side of St. Martin and 2 on Martinique. – See http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2014/03/news-scan-mar-24-2014
Lyme Disease:

 

White-footed mouse.

White-footed mouse.

Tennessee 03/20/14 bizjournals.com: by Michael Sheffield – Memphis-based U.S. Biologic is looking to rabies prevention as inspiration for the launch of its first product. The company, which has developed an oral bait Lyme disease vaccine that is distributed to white-footed mice in fields around the northeast, is taking a similar approach as rabies prevention with the delivery method for its product. According to Mason Kauffman, the company’s president and CEO, a similar method of leaving bait with the vaccine inside in wooded areas for wolves and raccoons was first used 15 years ago to help prevent rabies. The approach was so successful there was one reported case of rabies in 2013, he said. “We want to change it from a danger zone to a treatment zone,” Kauffman said. “If we can be half as successful (as rabies prevention has been) with Lyme disease, we’ve had a huge impact.” . . . . .
UnivMemphisUSB-Logo-for-Color-254-X-55-5.14.2012-300x59U.S. Biologic has worked with the University of Memphis to develop intimate mapping of wooded areas, soil types, parks and every demographic of every property in the U.S. “down to the square meter”, Kauffman said, in order to track where mouse and tick populations interact with humans. – See http://www.bizjournals.com/memphis/news/2014/03/20/u-s-biologic-moving-forward-with-lyme-disease.html

Typhus:
California 03/20/14 go.com: A case of flea-borne typhus was confirmed in Burbank by Los Angeles County Vector Control. The case is the first in Burbank

Flea.

Flea.

this year. – See http://abclocal.go.com/kabc/story?section=news/local/los_angeles&id=9474295
California 02/27/14 go.com: A case of flea-borne typhus was reported in a neighborhood around Polliwog Park in Manhattan Beach, police announced today. The L.A. County Department of Public Health contacted Manhattan Beach police about the case. – See http://abclocal.go.com/kabc/story?section=news/local/los_angeles&id=9448070

Rabies:

surfeit of skunksCalifornia 03/20/14 El Dorado County: A Rabies Alert has been issued after officials announced that more skunks have tested positive for the virus in the county than is usual for this time of year. So far, seven rabid skunks have been identified in 2014: two in Pollock Pines, one in Shingle Springs, three in Garden Valley, and one in the Pleasant Valley area. – See http://www.sacbee.com/2014/03/20/6255061/el-dorado-county-official-say.html
Help_button_2California 03/18/14 El Dorado County: Officials are looking for a dog that bit a South Lake Tahoe man on March 16th in the vicinity of Tahoe Keys Blvd. and Washington Ave. The dog, which was roaming in the neighborhood, is described as a medium-size, husky-type breed with fluffy gray and white fur, and wearing a blue collar and tags. Animals Services officials would like to speak with the dog’s owner to verify that the dog is current on its rabies vaccinations so that the man does not have to have post-exposure rabies treatments. Anyone with information is asked to call Animal Services at (530) 573-7925. – See http://www.sacbee.com/2014/03/18/6248413/dog-sought-after-biting-incident.html
Georgia 03/17/14 Habersham County: A raccoon that was in contact with a vaccinated dog on March 11th in the 3900 block of Georgia Highway 197, south of Ivy Mountain Road, between Clarkesville and Batesville, has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.accessnorthga.com/detail.php?n=272536
thumbnailCAT9WVWG - CopyMassachusetts 03/18/14 Worcester County: A raccoon that attacked a Holden man in his yard on Towle Drive last week has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.thelandmark.com/news/2014-03-20/Holden_News/Raccoon_that_bit_man_tests_positive_for_rabies.html
New Jersey 03/19/14 Atlantic County: A raccoon found on March 14th aggressively scratching at the back door of a home on Malaron Circle in Egg Harbor Township has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.nbc40.net/story/25020581/second-case-of-rabies-confirmed-in-eht-raccoon

Cow dying of rabies.

Cow dying of rabies.

New York 03/20/14 Madison County: An unvaccinated cow kept in Lebanon is the first confirmed animal to be infected with the rabies virus in the county this year. – See http://www.oneidadispatch.com/general-news/20140320/first-2014-rabies-case-in-madison-county
520bc0501588c.preview-300North Carolina 03/17/14 Cleveland County: A shepherd/husky-mix dog that was abandoned by a driver on the side of Elam Road on March 5th, became ill on March 9th, and died March 14th, has tested positive for rabies. Officials said a second dog that was released with the rabid dog, was exposed to the virus but remains at large. – See http://www.shelbystar.com/news/local/officials-dog-county-s-first-rabies-case-this-year-1.292406
imagesCAQVTCKPSouth Carolina 03/19/14 Greenwood County: A raccoon that came in contact with a person in Troy has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.foxcarolina.com/story/25015249/person-exposed-to-rabies-by-raccoon-in-greenwood-co
Lorena rabid dogTexas 03/19/14 McLennan County: A stray dog found in the 200 block of Front Street in Lorena, a neighborhood filled with kids and pets, has tested positive for rabies. The dog, a two-year-old, female, Labrador-Pyrenees mix, has been roaming the city’s streets for almost a week. – For article and video see http://www.kcentv.com/story/25015901/lorena-dog-tested-positive-for-rabies
Texas 03/19/14 Collin and Denton counties: A skunk found injured on March 14th near the intersection of Eldorado Parkway and Preston Road in Frisco has tested positive for rabies. This is the second rabid skunk found in the city in less than one week. – See http://www.dallasnews.com/news/community-news/frisco/headlines/20140319-frisco-reports-second-skunk89940t9skunk-tested-positive-for-rabies.ece
Texas 03/17/14 Denton County: A skunk found within the Lewisville city limits this month has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.dallasnews.com/news/community-news/lewisville-flower-mound/headlines/20140317-rabid-skunk-in-lewisville-city-limits-prompts-rabies-warning.ece
nm_Coyote_090722_mainVirginia 03/19/14 Williamsburg: A coyote seen March 13th near the Cedar Grove Cemetery and later on South England Street was found dead on College of William and Mary property and has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.vagazette.com/news/va-vg-coyote-tests-rabies-positive-20140319,0,7994376.story

CANADIAN WOMAN and DOG rescued after COYOTE attack in ALBERTA ~ FLORIDA scientists see spike in CANINE LEPTOSPIROSIS cases ~ WEST NILE VIRUS ahead of schedule in CALIFORNIA ~ RABIES reports from MD, NE & NC.

Coyote. Photo by Yathin S. Krishnappa. Wikimedia Commons.

Coyote. Photo by Yathin S. Krishnappa. Wikimedia Commons.

Canada:

Alberta 03/14/14 metronews.ca: by Stephanie Dubois – It was supposed to be a typical Thursday night stroll for one woman and her three dogs in the Riverbend/Terwillegar Park area but as the night went on, it turned into what police are calling an “unconventional rescue.” It was around 8:20 p.m. that police received a call from the woman saying she had fallen down a 20-foot embankment after one of her dogs was attacked by coyotes, explained police. One of the dogs was dragged away by the coyotes, which compelled the woman to chase after her dog, causing her to slide down an embankment. “When she called 911 … she wasn’t sure where she was but she did feel like the coyotes were following her as well,” said Const. Steve Minarchi of EPS Tactical Section. “It was dark, [she] was in some pretty thick bush and was obviously pretty scared.” Air 1 was called to the scene and lit the area to locate the woman, who used her cell phone to help rescuers find her. Police say there were at least 10 coyotes spotted in the area that night. The woman was found about 500 metres from her dog, which was found about 50 metres out on the ice, laying down.

LupeCaonTranscoyotesEdmonton firefighters helped rescue the medium-sized dog, which officials believe went out onto the ice to escape the coyotes. Police also added that they were able to locate it thanks to the dog’s lit collar. The dog was pretty badly injured but was alive when police dealt with it Thursday night, said Minarchi. “This is a very unconventional rescue just for the simple fact that it wasn’t a very safe area,” he said, adding officials believe all three dogs were not leashed at the time of the incident. Fish and Wildlife officials say complaints about coyotes are “common” in Edmonton, adding that as the city is developed, the habitat of coyotes is encroached upon, which causes more interaction between humans and animals. “It’s very common in most cities in North America, it’s how we choose to deal with it that is very important,” said Dennis Prodan, district Fish and Wildlife officer. No update was provided on the condition of the woman or of the dog Friday afternoon.

Leptospirosis:

Norway rat.

Norway rat.

Florida 03/13/14 dvm360.com: University of Florida veterinarians have reported a recent spike in leptospirosis cases in dogs treated at UF’s Small Animal Hospital. This emerging bacterial disease affects multiple animal species as well as humans. “In a typical year, we see almost no cases of leptospirosis in dogs at UF,” says Carsten Bandt, DVM, an assistant professor of emergency medicine and critical care at the UF College of Veterinary Medicine, in a university release. Rats-02Bandt serves as chief of the hospital’s emergency and critical care service. “We have now seen 12 cases, just within the past six months.” The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention doesn’t collect data on dogs, although the information may be reportable in animals in some states, says Christopher Cox, a health communications specialist with the CDC, in the UF release. Cox says between 100 and 200 human cases of leptospirosis are identified annually in the U.S., with around half of those 1097368_black_rodent(1)occurring in Hawaii. “Although incidence in the U.S. is relatively low, leptospirosis is considered to be the most widespread zoonotic disease in the world,” he says. Although the severity of the disease varies widely in people and in pets, leptospirosis can cause serious liver and kidney damage and can be fatal if it is left untreated, says Bandt. “Although frequently seen in many animal species and in humans around the world, including the United States, there have been very few cases of pets diagnosed with this disease in the last decade in Florida,” says Bandt.

138193923The bacterium that causes leptospirosis is transmitted through the urine of infected animals, including rodents, mice and other pests, according to the CDC. These bacteria live in soil and water for weeks to months. Several strains of the bacterium cause disease in dogs, although prevalence varies by region. Animals that spend lots of time outside, particularly in areas frequented by wildlife, are most at risk. Signs of leptospirosis in dogs and humans vary and can weekend-sick-pupbe nonspecific, but dogs have demonstrated a more consistent range of clinical signs, Cox says. Those typically include lethargy, depression, lack of interest in eating, vomiting, fever, abdominal pain and changes in urination frequency. A dog showing these signs may or may not have leptospirosis, but pet owners should still contact their veterinarian immediately, Bandt adds. “All canine patients with acute kidney injury should be tested for leptospirosis,” he says. “If caught early, leptospirosis responds well to antibiotics, but if not, signs-dog-cat-sickserious and sometimes fatal disease can quickly follow.” Several vaccines protect against multiple strains of leptospirosis, but historically these vaccines have not been widely used in Florida because of the low frequency of the disease in dogs. Because leptospirosis is zoonotic, families with infected pets should be careful handling the urine of these animals, Bandt added. For more information on this increase in leptospirosis, veterinarians can contact the UF Small Animal Hospital at (352) 392-2235.

West Nile Virus (WNV):

080722_west_nile_generic4California 03/14/14 capradio.org: by Rich Ibarra – San Joaquin County has reported its first case of West Nile Virus activity for this year; it comes two months ahead of schedule. Santa Clara, Los Angeles, and now San Joaquin County are seeing their first cases of West Nile Virus activity in 2014. A dead bird near Tracy tested positive for the virus and that’s very early in the year. Last year, it was May before West Nile showed up. – See http://www.capradio.org/articles/2014/03/14/west-nile-virus-spotted-early-this-year/

Rabies:

imagesCAQVTCKPMaryland 03/15/14 Anne Arundel County: A raccoon found March 13th on Snow Hill Lane near the Four Seasons Estates in Gambrills has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raccoon-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-anne-arundel/2014/03/15/f01996d0-ac7f-11e3-b8ca-197ef3568958_story.html

Nebraska 03/15/14 Hayes County: According to officials at the Southwest Nebraska Public Health Department, a skunk found last month tested positive skunk-690x459for rabies. – See http://www.nptelegraph.com/news/rabies-case-reported-in-southwest-neb/article_cdd97638-06f9-5b3c-9c6f-6b741bdb136d.html

North Carolina 03/14/14 Davidson County: A skunk that fought with an unvaccinated dog at Finch Park in Lexington on March 13th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.the-dispatch.com/article/20140314/News/303149984

 

 

Officials in CALIFORNIA believe MOUNTAIN LION attacked HOMELESS CAMPER ~ MOUNTAIN LION kills DOG and another MOUNTAIN LION in COLORADO ~ IDAHOAN fights MOUNTAIN LION attacking his DOGS ~ ILLINOIS city tells residents how to make COYOTES feel unwelcome ~ RABIES report from PENNSYLVANIA.

mtnlion.Bingful87608776

California 02/02/14 latimes.com: by Samantha Schaefer – Baited traps have been set to catch a mountain lion that apparently attacked a homeless man in Perris early Saturday, according to wildlife officials. A 50-year-old homeless man was taken to the hospital about 8 a.m. Saturday with lacerations, puncture wounds and bite marks at the base of his skull, injuries consistent with a mountain lion attack, according to the California Department of Fish and Wildlife. Law enforcement officers and biologists scoured the area but were unable to locate the animal. The department does not have the capabilities to track the animal but at least two baited traps have been set, said CDFW Lt. Patrick Foy. The lion will be killed in the interest of public safety if it is found, he said. Forensic evidence will also be collected to match it to the victim, if possible.

moutain-lion-in-el-paso-01 (2)This is the first such incident to happen in the Perris area, and attacks on humans are “very, very rare,” Foy said. The man, who may have been attacked several hours earlier, walked from a homeless encampment near Highway 74 west of the 215 Freeway to the nearest residence to call 911, Foy said. Officials are still waiting to interview the victim, who had surgery Saturday night and is in unknown condition. This would be the 15th verified lion attack on humans in California since 1986 if the incident is confirmed, the department said. The last fatal attack was in January 2004 at Whiting Ranch Regional Park in Orange County. In July 2012, a 63-year-old man survived a lion attack in Nevada County. – For complete article and map marking site of attack see http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-mountain-lion-attacked-man-perris-20140202,0,7490597.story#axzz2sCxsUShm

cougar2498Colorado 01/30/14 dailycamera.com: by Mitchell Byars – State wildlife officials say a mountain lion killed at least one dog as well as another cougar in Boulder Canyon near Nederland this week. Jennifer Churchill, a spokeswoman for Colorado Parks and Wildlife, said a man who lives on Magnolia Road found his pet Doberman and a mountain lion dead on his property Tuesday. Churchill said the dog was often let loose on the property. “We want to remind people that lions will go after unattended dogs, especially in areas where there are deer,” Churchill said. “We do have lions that will key in on pets, since they are easier prey than deer, so keep them safe.” As for the other mountain lion, Churchill said it was a previously collared animal that was part of the state’s study program. She said not much is known about why mountain lions would attack each other. “It’s something that has come up a couple times in the study,” she said. “We’re always getting new information from the study about how lions interact with each other.”

CSj28m7lChurchill said there have been other reported incidents of dogs going missing in the area, and there was also a dog killed south of Nederland that may have been a victim of the same mountain lion. Abe Russell said his 6-year-old English bulldog, Tank, was killed by a mountain lion Monday. On Monday morning before he went to work, he said, he did not see or hear his dog Tank. Russell said he and his Great Dane went looking for Tank, but about 40 feet from his house he turned the corner to find a large mountain lion had leaped the fence into his backyard and was just a few feet away with Tank’s body. “It was pretty traumatic,” Russell said. “To not notice it and to walk up to within 4 feet of one is terrifying.” Russell said he wanted to back up, but his Great Dane started to bark at the cougar and he was worried the lion would kill her, too. So he picked up a stick and jabbed the lion in the neck until it ran off. It was a frightening experience for Russell, who said he had never seen a mountain lion in his nearly 10 years living on Magnolia Road. “It’s one thing to know you live in mountain lion territory and another thing to know there is one here right now and hunting,” Russell said. Churchill said that because the mountain lion has not attacked a human, officials are not now looking to relocate it. – For complete article see http://www.dailycamera.com/boulder-county-news/ci_25031479/cougar-prowl-near-nederland

trishcarney_4287wc23406Idaho 01/28/14 krem.com: A Boise man threw rocks at a mountain lion after it attacked his dogs Monday afternoon in the Boise foothills, according to the Idaho Department of Fish and Game. The incident happened as the man rode his mountain bike near the popular Corrals Trail and Hard Guy Trail (in the Boise Foothills) just after 2:00 p.m. That’s when the lion reportedly jumped from behind a bush and began mauling the man’s two dogs as he trailed them behind the bike off leash. Fighting back, the man began to throw rocks at the cat, eventually stunning the aggressive creature with a larger rock. According to reports, the man was able to carry one of the injured dogs back to his vehicle, where he found his other dog waiting. IDFG officers say the man called 911 to report the attack immediately. Fish and Game educator Evin Oneale said the mountain lion was described as “emaciated,” and was likely desperate for food. – For complete article, photo gallery and video see http://www.krem.com/video/featured-videos/242466461.html

Coyotes:

1087535980Illinois 02/01/14 geneva.il.us: In response to numerous reported sightings of coyotes in neighborhoods around the city of Geneva, including some attacks on pets, officials are providing some tips on ways to make coyotes feel unwelcome. The biggest tip is do not feed the coyotes either intentionally or by accident. About 90 percent of a coyote’s diet is small mammals, but they also will eat birds, snakes, insects, fish, fruit and vegetables. They can be attracted to bird and squirrel feeders, bread that is fed to ducks and geese, pet food that is left outside and other unintentional food sources. Therefore:

  • Keep pet food and food and water dishes inside, especially at night.
  • Keep grills and barbecues clean. Even the smallest food scraps may attract a coyote.
  • Do not keep garbage cans outside if possible or at the very least, make sure the containers have tight-fitting lids.
  • Make sure ripe fruit and vegetables are picked from gardens.
  • Stop feeding other wildlife or at the very least, do not allow spillage to accumulate outside of the feeders.
  • When coyotes find these types of food sources in residential areas, they may lose their fear of humans and eventually test both people and pets as prey.

For further information see http://www.geneva.il.us/index.aspx?nid=629

Rabies:

imagesCAG9WNS5Pennsylvania 02/01/14 Montgomery County: A skunk killed by two unvaccinated pet dogs in the 1000 block of Bell Lane in Maple Glen has tested positive for rabies. The dogs must be euthanized or placed under quarantine for six months. – See http://www.montgomerynews.com/articles/2014/02/01/ambler_gazette/news/doc52ec0630aeb31667534474.txt

COLORADO scientists look at HUMAN vs COYOTE conflicts ~ MOUNTAIN LION unsuspecting star in CALIFORNIA home security video ~ RABIES reports from GAx2, NJ, SC, & VA.

Coyote_closeup.wikimediaNational 01/08/14 colorado.edu: News Release – Scientists from Colorado State University’s Warner College of Natural Resources are conducting research to understand how human thoughts and behavior affect coyote conflict in urban areas. The study is being led by researchers from CSU’s Department of Human Dimensions of Natural Resources and is part of a comprehensive research initiative that is integrating biological and social science information, including data on reported encounters, coyote behavior and habitat monitoring, management response and public perceptions, to help develop more effective strategies for minimizing conflicts between people and coyotes. The researchers have collected online and mail-back surveys from more than 4,000 metro Denver residents since December 2012. Findings are being analyzed and mapped to better understand underlying factors and patterns that may contribute to incidents such as coyote attacks on pets and aggression toward people.

Coyote-stalking-prey-998“The goal is to provide a more complete picture of the on-the-ground reality of coyote management in metro Denver. When, where, and how people interact with wildlife such as coyotes in urban environments is driven by both ecological and social factors,” says Andrew Don Carlos, a research associate. “Habitat and prey are important determinants of how coyotes use the landscape. We have a lot of both in metro Denver, so it’s no surprise that they’ve taken up residence in our parks, open spaces, and sometimes even backyards. People’s actions, especially those related to outdoor food attractants and pets, can increase the potential for problems to occur.” Preliminary results from Adams County, one of the primary sponsors of the project, suggest that a large portion of residents are experiencing regular interactions with coyotes in their neighborhoods. More than 80 percent of survey respondents in the western part of the county and within the cities of Westminster, Thornton, and Northglenn said that they had observed a coyote near their home in the past three years. However, proximity of people and coyotes doesn’t always lead to conflict. Fewer than 10 percent of respondents said that they had been approached by a coyote, and fewer than 5 percent reported problems between coyotes and pets. No human attacks were reported.

1_62_coyote_snarl“Coyotes are the largest predatory mammal that most urban residents will encounter, and their presence in the neighborhood tends to get a lot of attention. In these types of situations, a solid understanding of public attitudes and behaviors becomes an important piece of the puzzle,” said Tara Teel, an associate professor in CSU’s Department of Human Dimensions of Natural Resources and one of the study’s principal investigators. “Effective urban coyote management will always involve the public to some degree, and getting a sense for where residents are at on the issue is an important first step for managers.” The survey findings will also help determine the effectiveness of current public outreach and education campaigns aimed at reducing human-coyote conflict, and will help develop more targeted education initiatives in the future. – For complete news release see http://www.news.colostate.edu/Release/6892

Mountain Lion:

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERACalifornia 01/04/14 Los Angeles County: A Sun Valley home security video may have solved the mystery of why happened to the family dog that went missing last week. The camera recorded a mountain lion as it casually roamed through the family’s backyard. – For complete article and video see http://losangeles.cbslocal.com/2014/01/04/video-shows-mountain-lion-prowling-backyard-of-sun-valley-home-where-dog-went-missing/

Rabies:

raccoon_lgGeorgia 01/09/14 Hall County: A raccoon found in the vicinity of Young Road has tested positive for rabies. This is the first confirmed case of the virus in the county this year. – See http://www.accessnorthga.com/detail.php?n=269722

2625980-child-and-catGeorgia 12/31/13 Murray County: A stray cat that bit two people in Chatsworth on Christmas Eve has tested positive for rabies. The cat was black with a white chin, weighed about ten pounds, and appeared otherwise healthy. Those living in or near the 5700 block of Old Federal Road South should report any bites or scratches from stray cats which occurred within the past month, especially if the stray fits this description. Call the Murray County Environmental Health Office at 706-695-0266, extension 8. – See http://www.newschannel9.com/news/top-stories/stories/rabid-cat-bites-two-north-georgia-8475.shtml

raccoon-mom-and-baby-0567New Jersey 01/08/13 Salem County: A raccoon that fought with a family’s pet dog in Quinton Township has tested positive for rabies. The dog’s owner was advised to seek medical advice for potential exposure to the virus when checking the dog for wounds due to possible contact with the raccoon’s saliva, which can carry the rabies virus. – See http://www.nj.com/salem/index.ssf/2014/01/rabies_case_confirmed_in_quinton_twp_officials_say.html

IMG4336e-L-001South Carolina 01/03/14 Oconee County: A resident of the county is being treated for potential exposure to rabies after she reported being in contact with a cat in the Seneca area that tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.greenvilleonline.com/article/20140103/NEWS/301030034/Oconee-woman-exposed-rabies-from-cat-authorities-say

1510832454_0c4d8e51f3_zVirginia 01/08/13 Pittsylvania County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert for residents of Tucker Road in Gretna after a raccoon found in the area tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.godanriver.com/news/pittsylvania_county/rabies-alert-issued-after-rabid-raccoon-found-in-gretna/article_ea7d47c0-7896-11e3-b011-0019bb30f31a.html

CANADA: BRITISH COLUMBIAN woman and dog attacked by COYOTES while walking popular trail ~ CHIKUNGUNYA virus spreads in the AMERICAS ~ TRAVEL WARNING: 39 die of PLAGUE in MADAGASCAR ~ RABIES reports from FL, MA, NM, NC & VA.

 

Coyote. Bing free use license.

Coyote. Bing free use license.

Canada:

British Columbia 12/13/13 Okanagan: by Deborah Pfeiffer – A Summerland woman was recovering Thursday, after being attacked by what are believed to be three coyotes, while walking on a popular trail Wednesday morning. Sarah James was walking a friend’s dog Rosie on the Summerland Centennial Trail when the three animals, a large one and two smaller ones, surrounded her. Believing the small labradoodle to be in great danger, she immediately covered her with her body. “My primary focus was Rosie, absolutely, unconditionally,” she said. “I went into survival mode for her.” James coyotePacksaid she first noticed the three animals when she was walking a larger dog, a labrador retreiver cross, earlier in the morning at the bird sanctuary off of Peach Orchard Road. As they started to approach she yelled and they took off. At around 10:30 a.m., she started a second walk with Rosie on the trail that runs parallel to Peach Orchard. She was letting the dog run free and calling her back for treats, when the coyotes came out and surrounded her. Two came from the side and one from behind. She undid her ski jacket and  dove on top of the dog, covered her with her right hand and with her left hand swatted them away. “Rosie was crying up a storm and the whole thing lasted about two to three minutes, although it felt like it lasted way longer,” she said. “Then it went quiet, and they went away to the north side of the creek.” James waited about 30 seconds, comforting the small shaking dog, before picking her up and running down the trail . . .

OkanaganSgt. Stephane Lacroix with the Summerland RCMP said a police report was filed on the incident. In the report it states, James sustained major scrapes and her coat was torn to shreds, but she did not require any treatment or ambulance at the scene. He said additional patrols were made during the day and they then contacted a conservation officer. “We were advised by the conservation officer there is an increased problem with coyotes in the Summerland area and the officer has a plan in place to deal with coyote issues,” he said. The conservation officer was not available to comment on Thursday, but James said a culling of the animals was planned because there are several dens in the area, and the animals don’t have any natural predators. The fact the animals are exhibiting pack behaviour is the danger, she added. – For complete article and photos see http://www.castanet.net/news/Penticton/104627/Summerland-woman-attacked-by-coyotes

Author’s Note: A BC conservation officer killed a large coyote this week he believes was one of three referred to in previous report. – See http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/coyote-shot-dead-after-3-attack-b-c-woman-1.2463889

Chikungunya:

chikungunya091St. Martin 12/13/13 newscientist.com: by Debora MacKenzie – A dozen people on the tiny Caribbean island of St Martin have been infected with the chikungunya virus. It is the first time the mosquito-borne virus is known to have spread in the Americas. Eight years ago it spread beyond Africa, where it originated, to Eurasia. Now it has crossed the planet – and could already be more widespread than health agencies realise. Chikungunya is rarely lethal, but it is painful and can cause chronic, debilitating joint pain. On reaching Asia, it spread rapidly and made millions ill, as people had no immunity. A few experimental treatments and vaccines exist, but none has yet left the lab. Two years ago, when the Pan-American Health Organisation (PAHO), a public health agency that works in all countries in the Americas, drew up a plan for Chikungunya’s arrival, it warned that the Americas could face the same situation as Asia. “The resulting large outbreaks would likely tax existing health-care systems and the public health infrastructure,” it said, “and could potentially cripple some of society’s functioning.”

stmartincaribOn 10 December, the World Health Organization announced two confirmed cases of chikungunya in the French half of St Martin, with 10 more suspected. The people affected complained of joint pain and were initially thought to have dengue, which had been circulating on the island since January. But blood samples sent for testing in France confirmed the presence of chikungunya. The virus would have been brought to the island by a human carrier. There could yet be more cases elsewhere that have not been tested. “It cannot be excluded that a similar epidemiological situation might be ongoing in the Dutch part of the island,” says a risk assessment report by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), based in Stockholm, Sweden. “The extent of the outbreak is difficult to assess and might have remained undetected… on other islands.” French St Martin may simply have spotted chikungunya first because it is a familiar adversary. The virus’s first appearance outside Africa, in 2005, was in another French territory, the Indian Ocean island of Réunion. In the Americas, only Brazil, Canada, the US and the French territories of French Guiana, Guadeloupe and Martinique have the capability to test for the virus, says Donna Eberwine-Villagrán of PAHO. “We do not know if there are cases in other countries.” – For complete article see http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn24757-threatwatch-chikungunya-virus-spreads-in-the-americas.html#.Uq0mRxBKOUm

Travel Warning:

madagascar.flag_256Madagascar 12/12/13 thenational.ae: At least 39 people have been killed by an outbreak of bubonic plague in Madagascar in recent weeks, the country’s health ministry confirmed yesterday. “There is an epidemic in Madagascar which is madagascar.mapcurrently affecting five districts out of 112. Eighty-six people have been infected by the plague, of which 39 have died,” the ministry said. Police in the northwestern district of Mandritsara had said on Wednesday the deceased could not be treated in time. But the death toll they gave, which was 20, was revised upwards yesterday. – See http://www.thenational.ae/39-dead-in-bubonic-plague-outbreak

Rabies:

urban-raccoons-by-liz-west-ccFlorida 12/12/13 Lee County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert after receiving five reports of raccoon bites in less than three weeks. Only one of the raccoons was captured and it tested positive for the virus. It was found in the vicinity of Estero.Two people were bitten by raccoons in Fort Myers last week, and two others in Cape Coral this week, also by raccoons, but none of the animals were captured. Raccoons have also been reported acting strangely on Pine Island, though no bites have been reported. – See  http://www.fox4now.com/features/4inyourcorner/Rabies-warning-in-Lee-County-235605491.html

red-fox1Massachusetts 12/13/13 Franklin County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert for the Millers Falls section of Montague after a fox tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.recorder.com/home/9752554-95/montague-warns-of-rabies-in-area

120912_540169-tdy-120907-bayley-01.blocks_desktop_mediumNew Mexico 12/12/13 Eddy County: A skunk that fought with an unvaccinated pet dog on skunkDecember 9th on Russell Street in Carlsbad has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.krqe.com/news/local/rabies-case-results-in-euthanization?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+krqe-topstories+%28KRQE+News+13+-+Top+Stories%29

CAS_Kitten_Child_02North Carolina 12/12/13 Davidson County: Three people in the Denton community are being treated for potential exposure to rabies after being bitten by a kitten earlier this month. The kitten died and has tested positive for the virus. Officials issued a warning not to handle  a pet with bare hands after it has had contact with a wild animal.- See http://www.the-dispatch.com/article/20131212/News/312129984/-1/NEWS?Title=Rabid-kitten-bites-three-people-in-Denton-before-dying

image001skunkandcanineVirginia 12/14/13 Washington County: A skunk that fought with a vaccinated dog in the vicinity of Elliot Street in Abingdon on November 24th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.swvatoday.com/news/washington_county/article_06a2f95e-6357-11e3-8a76-0019bb30f31a.html

OHIOAN attacked by pack of four COYOTES while mowing lawn ~ WASHINGTONIAN bitten by BLACK BEAR on her back porch ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from LA, & TX ~ RABIES report from CONNECTICUT.

Coyote. Bing free use license.

Coyote. Bing free use license.

Ohio 11/01/13 newsnet5.com: by Dena Greer – A man was attacked Friday morning by a coyote near a country club in Mansfield, said Mansfield Police and an ODNR spokesperson. Police said the victim called 9-1-1 to report seeing a pack of four coyotes around 11 a.m. in the 900 block of Springmill Road near the Westbrook Country Club. Mansfield police responded to the scene to find the man had been bitten, said the ODNR spokesperson. The ODNR game warden was called in to investigate. The spokesperson said the man was transported to the hospital with injuries that appear to be coyote bite marks. ODNR did not find any coyotes in the area, but said the victim’s supervisor and a law enforcement officer reported seeing the coyotes. The victim worked for a golf club in the area. – For list of precautions see http://www.dnr.state.oh.us/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=fiS83YgFKUE%3d&tabid=6598

Black Bear Attack:

Bear-Residential3Washington 11/01/13 dailyastorian.com: Staff report – Long Beach-area resident Janet Herman was bitten at her home near the Sandridge Road-Sid Snyder Drive intersection early Friday in what authorities believe was an accidental encounter with a black bear. The woman’s Schnauzer dog, Buddy, was killed before Herman drove the bear away with a broom. Mike Cenci, deputy chief of enforcement for the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife, said Friday night that Herman, in her 60s, was bitten at about 3 a.m. Friday and sought treatment at the Ocean Beach Hospital emergency room. It doesn’t appear that 911 was ever called. Cenci requested that Herman’s name be withheld from publication Friday in order to preserve her privacy, but her daughter disclosed her identity in posting additional details on Facebook on Saturday morning. According to Paula Herman-Wright, her mother suffered a bite to the stomach. The bite marks were consistent with the dentition of a black bear, Cenci said. Herman was released from the hospital Friday and is expected to make a full recovery. Herman-Wright said her mom let the two dogs out to tend to their business. Buddy, the Schnauzer, encountered the bear in close quarters on the home’s back porch and was mauled. Herman then grabbed her broom and was bitten as the bear made its escape, authorities believe. The dog died from wounds to its neck.

bear_in_garbage“My Buddy lost his life protecting my mom… I thank God that although this happened, that it was fast and painless for Buddy,” Herman-Wright said. “It bit and scratched its way through anything that stood between him and freedom,” Cenci said of the bear. Cenci thinks “the bear didn’t go looking for trouble,” but rather was eating garbage and reacted violently when surprised by Herman and her dogs. Black bears in Western Washington generally do not kill living prey, so the dog was likely killed as a defensive reaction rather than to eat. Cenci said the WDFW was not notified of the incident until later Friday morning. He made a rapid highway trip between Olympia and Long Beach, summoning a Karelian bear dog and its handler from Tacoma to join wildlife officers at the scene. But there had been precipitation in the meantime and the dog was unable to identify a likely trail for the fleeing bear. Cenci said that evidence including the overturned garbage container and deep claw marks on the porch shows that one or more bears are often in the area. WDFW has placed two large culvert-type bear traps in the vicinity to see if they can capture the right bear. If caught, it will be euthanized. – For complete article see http://www.dailyastorian.com/free/long-beach-peninsula-woman-bitten-by-bear/article_ff883132-585f-5b6a-9e60-5d960b710da2.html

West Nile Virus (WNV):

LA-DHHLouisiana 11/01/13 LA Dept of Health: This week, the state’s health department confirmed three new human cases of WNV, bringing this year’s total to 58 cases. This week’s new infections are West Nile fever cases, with one each in Ascension, Lafayette and Ouachita parishes. – See http://www.dhh.louisiana.gov/index.cfm/newsroom/detail/2905

Gaines_County.TXTexas 11/01/13 Gaines County: Officials have confirmed that an elderly male resident of Seminole who died on September 6th has tested positive for WNV-related complications. – See http://www.newswest9.com/story/23855433/gaines-county-man-dies-from-west-nile-virus

Rabies:

skunkteeth98984Connecticut 11/04/13 Litchfield County: A skunk that bit a man’s foot while he was sitting at a picnic table on Meadowview Drive in Torrington on October 30th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.registercitizen.com/general-news/20131104/man-recovering-after-being-bitten-by-rabid-skunk-in-torrington