Tag Archives: Eastern Equine Encephalitis

Will the CHIKUNGUNYA VIRUS become a threat in the U.S.? Scientist says “it’s only a matter of time”. ~ TULAREMIA killing RABBITS in COLORADO ~ FLORIDA reports five HORSES down with EEE ~ WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) reports from CO, SD & TX ~ RABIES reports from CO & NY.

Aedes aegypti biting human. Courtesy U.S. Dept of Agriculture.

Aedes aegypti biting human. Courtesy U.S. Dept of Agriculture.

Global 07/01/14 nationalgeographic.com: by Karen Weintraub – Chikungunya (pronounced chick-un-GOON-ya) has plagued other parts of the world—particularly Asia and Africa—for decades, becoming more prevalent in recent years. But it arrived in the Caribbean only in December and has already infected as many as 250,000 people there. The virus is generally not lethal and can’t pass from person to person. But the pain it brings can be horrible—some who have weathered its wrath have said they wished the virus had killed them. In rare cases, the agony can last for months or even years. Public health officials in the Caribbean are struggling to contain the outbreak, in part because of the difficulty of limiting mosquito breeding grounds and because the disease is so new to the area. Paola Lichtenberger, director of the Tropical Medicine Program at the University of Miami, says she is sure the epidemic is more widespread than official numbers suggest simply because making the diagnosis is so difficult. Public health officials in the U.S. and around the world, meanwhile, are tracking cases carefully and encouraging people in affected areas to take precautions to avoid infections and to clean up areas of standing water. Airports in ten major American East Coast cities with Caribbean-bound flights have posted warnings to passengers about chikungunya.

81343_990x742-cb1404168438So far, 73 American travelers have brought the disease home from abroad and another 15 have been infected by mosquitoes in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, though it hasn’t yet reached mosquitoes in the continental United States. But it’s only a matter of time before that happens, according to Lichtenberger, who has helped treat three chikungunya patients since the outbreak began. – For complete article see http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/07/140701-chikungunya-caribbean-mosquitoes-world-health/?rptregcta=reg_free_np&rptregcampaign=20140623_t1_rw_membership_r1p_us_dr_w


colojackColorado 07/04/14 Larimer County: Officials confirmed on July 3rd that a rabbit found in Fort Collins has tested positive for tularemia, aka Rabbit Fever, a bacterial infection that is potentially life-threatening to humans. A die-off of rabbits has been reported in the area over the past few weeks. – For complete article including risks, symptoms and precautions see http://www.coloradoan.com/story/news/2014/07/03/tularemia-found-southeast-fort-collins-area-rabbit/12205939/

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

eee-threat-249x187Florida 07/03/14 wcjb.com: A fifth horse has tested positive for EEE in North Central Florida. Three of the infected horses were reported stabled in Marion County, and two in Alachua County. – See http://www.wcjb.com/local-news/2014/07/fifth-case-eastern-equine-encephalitis-north-central-florida

West Nile Virus (WNV):

1184134480-mosquito2Colorado 07/03/14 CO Dept of Public Health & Environment: Officials have confirmed the state’s first two human cases of WNV so far this year reported in Saguache and Pueblo counties. – See https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/cdphe/news-release-human-cases-west-nile-virus-identified-colorado

South Dakota 07/03/14 SD Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed two new human cases of WNV in Codington and Lincoln counties. – See http://doh.sd.gov/diseases/infectious/wnv/documents/WestNileupdates2014.pdf

Texas 07/03/14 TX Dept of State Health: Officials have confirmed the state’s first human case of WNV this year was reported in Travis County. – See https://www.dshs.state.tx.us/news/releases/20140703.aspx


rabiesAlert521d4-1Colorado 07/02/14 Yuma County: Officials have confirmed that a feral cat found near the Morgan Community College campus in Wray has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.yumapioneer.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=6060&Itemid=39

New York 07/02/14 Tompkins County: A bat captured earlier this week in Montgomery Park in the town of Dryden has tested positive for rabies. It is known, and was reported, that three children using sticks poked at the bat on Monday, but no one knows who the children are. Officials need to determine as soon as possible if any or all of these children were exposed to the virus. The health department urges anyone who had contact or knows of anyone who had contact with a bat in Montgomery Park in Dryden to immediately contact them at 607-274-6688. – See http://ithacavoice.com/2014/07/officials-scramble-find-kids-poked-rabid-bat-dryden-park/


ALASKA veterinarian says non-native DOG TICKS becoming major concern ~ HANTAVIRUS case confirmed in COLORADO ~ FLORIDA confirms HORSE positive for EEE ~ RABIES reports from COLORADO & IOWA.


Alaska 04/20/14 newsminer.com: by Tim Mowry – When Linda Roberts told friends she was bitten by a tick while sleeping two years ago, they thought she was crazy. Everybody knows there aren’t any ticks in Alaska, they told her. When Roberts discovered a tick on her dog this week while giving it a bath, she felt vindicated. Disgusted, but vindicated. Roberts plucked the parasite off her dog, a little, white, fluffy American Eskimo named Angel, and put it in a Ziploc bag. The next day, she took it to Mt. McKinley Animal Hospital, where veterinarian Dr. Ben Kuhn confirmed that it was indeed a tick. “He was very surprised,” Roberts said of Kuhn’s reaction. “He’s been here for two years and hasn’t seen any sign of ticks.” Next, Roberts brought the tick in a baggie to the News-Miner. “This is news,” Roberts said, holding up a small Ziploc baggie with the tick, still alive, inside. “… I want to warn people what can happen to their pets.” Finally, Roberts took the tick to the Alaska Department of Fish and Game office on College Road and showed it to veterinarian Dr. Kimberlee Beckmen.

Rabbit or Hare Tick

Rabbit or Hare Tick

The discovery wasn’t news to Beckmen, though. The sole veterinarian for ADFG, Beckmen is well aware there are ticks in Alaska and there always have been. Ticks on small mammals like snowshoe hares, squirrels, lemmings, voles and birds are endemic to Alaska, she said. “I’ve been working for the department for 12 years, and from day one, I’ve had ticks coming in,” Beckmen said. “We’ve always had ticks on wildlife.” As it turned out, Beckmen identified the tick Roberts plucked from her dog as haemahysalis leporispalustris, otherwise known as the common rabbit tick, or as it’s called in Alaska where there are no rabbits, the hare tick. It is one of only two ticks, the other being the squirrel tick, that is native to Alaska. Hare ticks are commonly found on snowshoe hares in the spring and can carry a flu-like disease called tularemia, which can be spread to dogs, cats and even humans via a scratch or saliva. Pretty much every spring, a handful of dogs and cats around Fairbanks

Squirrel Tick

Squirrel Tick

are infected with tularemia as a result of picking up or sniffing a snowshoe hare that’s infected, Beckmen said. “It’s kind of an annual thing,” Beckmen said. While hare ticks prefer snowshoe hares as hosts, it’s not uncommon to find them on dogs or cats. Squirrel ticks are even more common on pets in Alaska, Beckmen said. “If a hungry tick can’t find a hare or a squirrel to get on and a dog or cat comes by, it’s going to suck on whatever mammal it can get a hold of,” she said.


American Dog Tick

American Dog Tick

n the past three years, Beckmen has found at least two other types of ticks that have taken up residence in the Last Frontier and appear to be here to stay: the American dog tick and brown dog tick. Both ticks have been found on dogs or cats that have never left the state, a sign the parasitic arachnids can — and are — surviving in Alaska. “They’re established, they’re breeding and they’re staying here,” Beckmen said. That’s bad news for pet owners. Ticks can and do carry and transmit diseases from animals to humans. The most common are tularemia, Lyme disease, Q fever and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. Currently, only tularemia and Q Fever are present in Alaska. Wildlife disease specialists also say the establishment of new ticks in Alaska poses a risk to all sorts of wildlife, from caribou to coyote to fox to moose to Sitka black-tailed deer to wolves. “It is a big concern because the populations of animals up here haven’t been exposed to these tick-borne diseases,” said Dr. Robert Gerlach, the state’s head veterinarian. “If we get a tick that comes up and now can survive in this environment, we can get disease spread in a wildlife or the human population we’re not used to, which could have drastic results. “Once you get a tick population started in a wildlife species, they continually spread disease through that wildlife population,” he said.

Brown Dog Tick

Brown Dog Tick

The two dog tick species found in Alaska were discovered as a result of a recent enhanced tick surveillance program by ADFG to look for moose winter tick, a serious threat to moose that has been found in the Yukon Territory. Using public service announcements and interdepartmental communication, Beckmen put word out to the public and to wildlife biologists around the state three years ago that she was looking for ticks. As a result, between June 2011 and October 2013 Beckmen collected 89 ticks representing 48 separate infestations.

Rocky Mountain Wood Tick

Rocky Mountain Wood Tick

The ticks came mostly from dogs, but also humans, cats, hares and marten. While no moose ticks were found, there were 10 cases of American dog ticks and 13 cases of brown dog ticks discovered on dogs or humans around the state, including Anchorage, Denali Park, Fairbanks, Juneau, Sitka, Valdez and Willow. One of the infestations involved a boarding kennel in Fairbanks — Beckmen declined to name it — that was, and still is, infested with brown dog ticks, which are the only tick in North America that lives indoors and are especially hard to eradicate, Beckmen said. Other cases involved houses that were infested with brown ticks. “We had one dog a person brought in that had 70 or 80 ticks,” she said. “The house is infested. There are ticks all over the pets and kids.”

Lone Star Tick

Lone Star Tick

In addition, specialists in a Georgia lab that Beckmen sent the tick specimens to identified two other non-native species of ticks found in Alaska — the Rocky Mountain wood tick was found on dogs in Anchorage and Sitka, while the lone star tick was found on dogs in Eagle River and Fairbanks. It’s just a matter of time and climate change before those ticks, and possibly others, gain a leg-hold in Alaska, Beckmen said. – For complete article see http://www.newsminer.com/news/local_news/fairbanks-incident-serves-as-reminder-that-ticks-live-in-alaska/article_245d85cc-c860-11e3-9fbd-0017a43b2370.html


Hantavirus2Colorado 04/22/14 krextv.com: by Travis Khachatoorian – A Garfield County resident is officially the first confirmed case of hantavirus in the area since 2012. There are very few details released on the confirmed case at this point. Officials haven’t released information on the status of the patient, or even what city the patient caught the virus in. “Usually what happens is you’re cleaning something, and the virus gets put into the air, and you breath it in, and you don’t really think much of it,” said immunization coordinator for Garfield County Danielle Yost. “Then usually anywhere from a couple days to a few weeks later you start getting flu like symptoms that rapidly deteriorate into the inability to breathe.” Symptoms include muscle aches, fatigue, high fever, dizziness, headaches, chills, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain which can eventually lead to death. Garfield County officials are concerned enough to call for citizen precautions, especially since it’s the spring cleaning season. The county Public Health Department is warning all residents to know how to protect themselves from this potentially deadly disease. The virus is usually carried in the Western Slope by the deer mouse. Officials urge any resident’s cleaning out garages, or other areas with rodent droppings or urine, to not sweep the mess but rather pour a bleach and water mix over the affected area. Always wear protective gloves and scoop up the mess with a paper towel. The first case of the mysterious disease started back in 1993 in the four corners region of Colorado, and the hantavirus has now spread across the western hemisphere. The CDC reports a 36 percent mortality rate for those with the disease. “There is no vaccine, no medication for it, your body basically has to fight it off on its own,” said Yost.

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

encephcycFlorida 04/23/14 Marion County: A horse stabled in the vicinity of Sparr has tested positive for infection with EEE. Area residents have been provided with tips and advice to protect them from the mosquitoes that spread the disease. – See http://www.ocala.com/article/20140423/ARTICLES/140429861


Colorado 04/23/14 Pueblo County: A Pueblo woman says a dog bit her at a local coffee shop and the dog’s owner vanished. The woman is now worried she might get sick with rabies. It happened on Sunday at the Starbucks off 4th Street, near Abriendo Avenue. Jane Garnett was enjoying a cup of coffee with a friend. She says when she came out of the Starbucks’ bathroom, she noticed two long haired dachshunds inside the store. She says they were both on leashes with a dark-haired woman and a young boy. Suddenly, one dog lashed at her. “They were just standing there in line, or around the line to get coffee and the dog bit at my pants and then bit at me in the café,” said Garnett. Garnett says when she tried confronting the woman, she vanished. Garnett says the bite made her bleed. “I feel like she should have stayed around to see how I was or whether I needed her information. I feel like she should have taken more responsibility for it,” said Garnett. Garnett says she’s now worried she could get rabies. “I hope the woman comes forward and tells me or not if the dog has been vaccinated.” The Pueblo County Health Department and Animal Services are working together to find out who the dog owner is. Garnett just wants to know if the dog is current on its vaccinations. If you know who the dog owner is, you’re encouraged to contact either agency. The Health Department says rabies symptoms most often develop between one to three months after the person is infected. We also spoke to road_sign_need_helpStarbucks. They say they only allow service dogs inside the store. – For photos see http://www.kktv.com/news/headlines/Dog-Bites-Woman-at-Coffee-Shop-Owner-Flees-256287611.html

Iowa 04/24/14 Scott County: Ten-year-old Annalee Bargmann may have to get rabies shots now after she was bit by a dog. The young girl was playing with a tennis ball Tuesday evening, April 22, 2014, near Garfield Elementary School in Davenport, Iowa, when she dropped the ball.  When she reached down to pick up the ball, a dog ran to the end of its retractable leash and bit Annalee on the leg. No one noticed she was bit until after she left the fields, because she hid the bite mark under a blanket. She said she loves animals and didn’t want to get the dog in trouble. She later told her grandmother about the incident, and her grandma called Annalee’s parents. “We immediately started looking around the park for a person matching the description,” said Annalee’s mother, Christina Bargmann. “We took her to the doctor the next day and she had a tetanus shot, but they told us she would have to get the rabies vaccination to be safe.” The dog that bit Anna was described as a rust-colored Dachshund.  The dog’s owner was described as heavy-set man in his 30s or 40s, with dark brown hair. He also may have had a small, white fluffy dog with him as well. If the family doesn’t hear from the dog owner by Friday, they will have to take Annalee to get rabies vaccinations. They ask anyone who has information on the dog and it’s owner to please contact Davenport Animal Control at 563-388-6655. – For video see http://wqad.com/2014/04/24/girl-hides-dog-bite-now-needs-rabies-shots/

TickEncounter Resource Center a website everyone should bookmark ~ CDC investigates three sudden cardiac deaths associated with LYME DISEASE ~ WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) and EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS (EEE) cases in HORSES taper off ~ RABIES reports from AZ, AR, & PA.


images488605kNorth America 12/18/13: We’ve all had questions about tick bites, tick identification, tick removal, tickborne diseases, tick habitat, seasonal information about ticks, tick-bite prevention, and the relationship between ticks, deer and rodents. These are some of the topics addressed in the FAQ section of the University of Rhode Island’s TickEncounter Resource Center‘s web site. Dr. Thomas N Mather (a.k.a. the TickGuy) serves as director of URI’s Center for Vector-Borne Disease and its TickEncounter Resource Center. There’s nothing else I need to add here, but if you ever expect to have a tick-related question, you need to bookmark this site now. It is the most valuable resource focusing on ticks that I have ever seen.

Dr. Thomas Mather

Dr. Thomas Mather

I am so impressed with the TickEncounter Resource Center, that I have signed Natural Unseen Hazards on as a TickEncounter Prevention Partner. Please visit the center at http://www.tickencounter.org and before you leave the site, bookmark it. If you work or play in the great American outdoors, have outdoor pets, or just step outside once or twice a month to weed your garden or mow your lawn, you’ll be glad you did. Like TickEncounter on Facebook. Follow it on Twitter. Get TickSmart™ Stay TickSafe!

Lyme Disease:

tickhabitatNational 12/12/13 cdc.gov: Lyme carditis is a known but rare cause of sudden cardiac death. Lyme carditis can cause heart palpitations, chest pain, light-headedness, fainting, and shortness of breath in addition to the commonly recognized Lyme disease symptoms of fever, rash, and body aches. If you live in an area where Lyme disease is common and have these symptoms, see a healthcare provider immediately. Between November 2012 and July 2013, three young adults who lived in high-incidence Lyme disease regions suffered from sudden cardiac death associated with undiagnosed Lyme carditis.  Lyme carditis is a known, but rare cause of death in persons who have Lyme disease. – See http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6249a1.htm?s_cid=mm6249a1_w

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

TH-LEGACY-IMAGE-ID-355-vaccinationNational 12/16/13 thehorse.com: by Erica Lason – A recent update from the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) indicates that the nationwide case totals of (horses with) equine West Nile virus (WNV) and Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) are beginning to steady. According to a Dec. 12 update, 338 cases of WNV and 181 EEE cases have been reported across the country since the start of the year. In early November, the agency reported 296 WNV cases and 177 EEE in the United States since Jan. 1. Horses in at least 40 states have been confirmed positive for WNV so far this year. The APHIS report indicates that Texas (57), Oklahoma (41), and Montana (27) have reported the most equine WNV cases thus far . . . (H)orses in at least 22 states have tested positive for EEE thus far in 2013, the APHIS data indicates. South Carolina (49), Florida (34), and Mississippi (12) have reported the most cases so far this year. – See more at: http://www.thehorse.com/articles/33052/nationwide-wnv-eee-totals-steady-as-winter-approaches#sthash.F2egk8rc.dpuf


striped_skunkArizona 12/17/13 Santa Cruz County: State officials have issued a Rabies Alert after two skunks found in Tubac on December 2nd tested positive for the virus. A skunk found in Patagonia on November 11th, and another found in Rio Rico on August 23rd were also rabid. – See http://www.nogalesinternational.com/news/game-and-fish-reports-four-rapid-skunks-in-scc/article_c402e6e0-6752-11e3-8994-001a4bcf887a.html

straydogArkansas 12/16/13 Faulkner County: A stray dog that bit a person in Conway has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.thv11.com/news/article/291240/2/Rabid-dog-confirmed-in-Conway

raccoon880er0rPennsylvania 12/16/13 Warren County: Officials are seeking the identity of a woman who brought an oddly behaving raccoon to the Warren Animal Hospital in Lopatcong Township on November 29th. The woman left no contact information and the raccoon has since tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.nj.com/warrenreporter/index.ssf/2013/12/health_department_still_seekin.html

What to do if you meet up with a MOUNTAIN LION ~ NEW YORK reports first ever locally acquired case of DENGUE FEVER ~ HARVEST MOUSE trapped in CALIFORNIA tests positive for HANTAVIRUS ~ EEE & WNV reports from CAx2, & FL ~ RABIES reports from CT, FL, ME, NM, NC, & VAx2.

Bing free use license.

Bing free use license.

North America 11/17/13 scvnews.com: If you hunt, fish, hike, camp, stroll along country lanes, birdwatch, photograph wildlife, play or work in any capacity in North America’s great outdoors, you could meet up with a mountain lion anywhere, anytime without notice. What should you do?

dianne.erskine.hellrigel8788Dianne Erskine-Hellrigel’s short but jam-packed commentary on Encountering Cougars is well worth reading. She tells us which member of our group is most likely to be singled out for an attack, and she suggests what she considers the most effective methods of keeping everyone safe from harm. She separates some of the fact from some of the fiction; tells us what prey mountain lions prefer to hunt; where and when big cats like to hunt; how far they will travel for a good meal; and she tells us what we can do if a mountain lion does decide to attack, though such incidents are few and far between. Dianne Erskine-Hellrigel is executive director of the Community Hiking Club and president of the Santa Clara River Watershed Conservancy in California. – See http://scvnews.com/2013/11/17/encountering-cougars-commentary-by-dianne-erskine-hellrigel/

Dengue Fever:

Aedes Aegypti mosquito.

Aedes Aegypti mosquito.

New York 11/20/13 myfoxny.com: by Arun Kristian Das – A Long Island man came down with dengue virus back in September, according to health officials in Suffolk County. The 50-year-old man has since recovered. Dengue is a leading cause of illness and death in tropical and subtropical countries, according to the CDC. This was the first known case that someone in New York State has contracted dengue locally, health officials said. You get dengue virus from a (Aedes Aegypti) mosquito bite. That means he got the virus from a local mosquito that probably had previously bitten an infected traveler. “The exact route of transmission in this case is unknown,” Dr. James Tomarken, Suffolk County Commissioner of Health Services, said in a statement released to news outlets. “However, we have determined that this individual acquired dengue virus locally, as he had not traveled outside of the local metropolitan area during the incubation period.” Indeed, other recent dengue infections (from 2011 and 2012) are thought to have happened while those patients were travelling overseas.

dengue8900sdad;9Every year, as many as 100 million people are infected around the world, according to the CDC, which notes that symptoms include high fever, severe headache, severe pain behind the eyes, joint pain, muscle and bone pain, rash, and mild bleeding. No vaccine exists for dengue virus. Health officials say the best way to prevent mosquito-borne illness is to use insect repellent containing DEET on your skin and clothes when spending time outside during peak insect times and to keep your property clear of standing water, which allows mosquitoes to breed. – For original article, video and photos see http://www.myfoxny.com/story/24025119/officials-li-man-likely-contracted-dengue-virus-from-local-mosquito


Harvest mice.

Harvest mice.

California 11/20/13 San Diego County: A harvest mouse recently trapped in the southern part of Escondido has tested positive for hantavirus prompting officials to remind people of the dangers that rodents living in the wild can bring into their homes. According to the Department of Environmental Health, common house mice don’t carry the virus. – See http://scoopsandiego.com/news/local/harvest-mouse-tests-positive-for-hantavirus/article_042cb3e2-5234-11e3-8ac8-001a4bcf6878.html

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Kern_County_CACalifornia 11/19/13 Kern County: Officials confirmed on Tuesday that a 76-year-old male has become the first WNV-related fatality in the county this year. – See http://www.bakersfieldnow.com/news/health/Kern-County-health-officials-announce-West-Nile-virus-death-232537371.html

07cd7361057a7994e7e590e1fb0d3868ed6ff5ad-1California 11/18/13 Los Angeles County: Officials have confirmed that a male resident of Long Beach in his 70s has died due to complications associated with WNV. Long Beach has reported six human cases of the virus this year, but this is the first WNV-related fatality reported for 2013. There have been 8 WNV-related fatalities in the county this year. Statewide, there have been 349 human cases reported, including 13 fatalities, as of November 12, 2013. – See http://losangeles.cbslocal.com/2013/11/18/west-nile-claims-life-of-elderly-long-beach-man/

Bay_County_FLFlorida 11/18/13 Bay County: State officials have confirmed that another horse stabled in the county has tested positive for EEE. This is the second horse infected with the virus in the county this year. – See http://www.wmbb.com/story/24002745/health-department-confirms-case-of-eee-in-horse-in-bay-county


skunk20noseConnecticut 11/18/13 Fairfield County: An aggressive skunk that attacked two calves and a yak at the Stamford Museum & Nature Center in Stamford last week has tested positive for rabies. – See http://stamford.patch.com/groups/police-and-fire/p/rabid-skunk-attacks-stamford-museum–nature-center-animals

by_Svdmolen_WCFlorida 11/20/13 Palm Beach County: A sick raccoon caught in the Jupiter Farms area this week is the 13th animal testing positive for rabies in the county this year. – See http://www.palmbeachpost.com/news/news/local/raccoon-caught-in-jupiter-farms-tests-positive-for/nby5G/

11583105-largeMaine 11/20/13 Penobscot County: School officials in Lincoln warned parents on Nov 20th that a small group of children might have been exposed to rabies after a Mattanawcook Academy student was bitten by a bat near Ella P. Burr Elementary School last week. The bat has tested positive for rabies and a 17-year-old girl has been advised to seek immediate medical advice. The 17-year-old was warning a group of younger children to stay away from an injured bat and might have picked it up when it bit her. – See http://bangordailynews.com/2013/11/20/news/penobscot/lincoln-schools-warn-parents-after-student-bitten-by-rabid-bat/?ref=latest

Dog_1New Mexico 11/18/13 Valencia County: A 6-month-old pet dog that was reported for harassing livestock and killing chickens has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/6a5e72e5d22240d9a4f41ff734c5506c/NM–Rabies-New-Mexico

GE DIGITAL CAMERANorth Carolina 11/20/13 Durham County: A bat reported in a residence in the 4500 block of Ryan Street in the City of Durham is the 12th confirmed case of rabies in the county this year. – See http://www.wncn.com/story/24021581/12th-confirmed-cases-of-rabies-reported-in-durham

88e779r0eVirginia 11/20/13 Gloucester County: A raccoon that was in contact with an unvaccinated dog in the Roanes area on Nov 15th has tested positive for rabies. And on Oct 29th a skunk that was behaving abnormally in the Adner/Lee’s Neck Farm area was shot and tested positive for rabies. Two dogs exposed to the skunk were current on vaccinations. – See http://www.dailypress.com/news/gloucester-county/dp-nws-gloucester-rabies-cases-11-21-20131120,0,365185.story

520bc0501588c.preview-300Virginia 11/19/13 York County: A Rabies Alert has been issued for residents in the vicinity of Middle Road and Bradley Drive in the county’s Dandy area after a raccoon found in that area tested positive for the virus. – See http://wydaily.com/2013/11/19/rabid-raccoon-found-in-dandy-area-of-york-county/

WNV & EEE EQUINE case totals on the upswing ~ WEST NILE VIRUS (HUMAN) reports from CAx2, CO, SD, & TXx2 ~ RABIES reports from FL, MDx2, NJ, NY, SCx2, TX, & VA.

Bing free use license.

Bing free use license.

National 11/09/13 the horse.com: by Erica Larson – We’re firmly in fall and temperatures are dropping, but the number of confirmed equine West Nile virus (WNV) and Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) across the country is rising. Still, the case totals are lower than the number of cases reported last year in the United States. The USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) reported 296 WNV cases and 177 EEE cases as of Nov. 4. At the previous update (Sept. 25), the agency reported 157 WNV cases and 139 EEE cases.

BingFUL8839According to the APHIS disease maps, equine WNV has been confirmed in 38 states thus far in 2013. Texas (39), Oklahoma (30), and Montana (27) have reported the most cases this year. Meanwhile, 22 states in the eastern half of the country have reported EEE in horses so far this year. South Carolina (49), Florida (34), and Georgia (23) have reported the most cases, while the remaining states have all reported less than 15 cases, with most of them reporting six or fewer. Last year, a total of 627 equine WNV cases were confirmed in horses nationwide, while 209 EEE cases were reported. – For complete article see http://www.thehorse.com/articles/32846/wnv-eee-case-total-creeping-upwards

West Nile Virus (WNV):

07cd7361057a7994e7e590e1fb0d3868ed6ff5ad-1California 11/09/13 Yuba County: A male resident of Marysville, age 57, has been confirmed as the county’s first WNV-related fatality this year. – See http://www.appeal-democrat.com/news/local_news/article_f720a14a-4919-11e3-988b-001a4bcf6878.html

mapCAwnvCalifornia 11/05/13 CA Dept of Health: There were 20 new WNV human cases reported in California for the week preceding November 5th from the following counties: Contra Costa (1), Glenn (1), Los Angeles (8), Orange (3), Riverside (1), and Sacramento (6). 11 WNV-related fatalities have been reported in 2013 from Glenn (1), Los Angeles (7), Sacramento (1), San Bernardino (1), and San Joaquin (1) counties. 339 human cases from 29 counties have tested positive for WNV in 2013. – See http://westnile.ca.gov/

BoulderCounty_COColorado 11/04/13 Boulder County: Officials have confirmed that an 81-year-old Lafayette woman has died of WNV-related meningitis. Statewide, there have been 303 human cases of WNV reported this year, including six fatalities. – See http://www.timescall.com/longmont-local-news/ci_24452613/west-nile-virus-claims-lafayette-woman-81

SD-CA4MR6ELSouth Dakota 11/01/13 SD Dept of Health: State officials have confirmed that there have been 144 human cases of WNV statewide this year through October 31st. – For locations, ages, and other statistics see http://doh.sd.gov/documents/statistics/ID/Oct2013.pdf

Texas 11/06/13 Tarrant County: Officials have confirmed a second human case of WNV in the City of Arlington. – See http://myarlingtontx.comWest_Nile_Texas/2013/11/06/second-human-west-nile-virus-case-in-arlington-confirmed/

Texas 11/06/13 Dallas County: Officials of the City of Dallas have confirmed that the 7th human case of WNV found this year is in the 75217 ZIP code area and is the more severe neuro-invasive form of the disease. The case is also the 16th found in the county so far this season. – See http://www.nbcdfw.com/news/local/Dallas-Confirms-7th-Human-Case-of-West-Nile-Virus-230838301.htm


mamaraccooninwild_14965Florida 11/08/13 Palm Beach County: A raccoon that fought with a vaccinated dog in Jupiter Farms on Wednesday has tested positive for rabies. The dog’s owner separated the animals with a swimming pool net. There was no human 9536682-coon-hound-looking-up-isolated-on-blackcontact. – See http://www.palmbeachpost.com/news/news/local/raccoon-found-in-jupiter-farms-tests-positive-for-/nbm2X/

batPosterMaryland 11/07/13 Queen Anne’s County: Two bats have been found in an area between Sudlersville’s Middle  and Elementary schools during the past two weeks. One had deteriorated beyond testing, but the other, found Friday, tested positive for rabies. Anyone, especially children, who might have been in contact with either of these bats should seek immediate medical advice. – See http://www.stardem.com/easternshore/news/queen_annes_county/article_4d68974a-d93c-5ce5-add7-06880a18f851.html

Maryland 11/06/13 Anne Arundel County: A raccoon found along Harness Creek Trail in Quiet Waters Park in Annapolis on November 5th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wusa9.com/news/article/281608raccoon_OH_DNR/189/Raccoon-tested-positive-for-Rabies-in-Md

New Jersey 11/08/13 Middlesex County: A raccoon killed by a vaccinated dog in the vicinity of Oak and Maple avenues in Metuchen has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.mycentraljersey.com/article/20131108/NJNEWS/311080035/Raccoon-tests-positive-rabies-Metuchen

5704860-portrait-of-gray-fox-barkingNew York 11/06/13 Herkimer County: A gray fox that bit two residents in the town of Frankfort has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wktv.com/news/local/Herkimer-County-confirms-rabid-gray-fox-in-Town-of-Frankfort-230843941.html

IMG4336e-L-001South Carolina 11/06/13 Greenville County: A woman in the City of Greenville is being treated for potential exposure to rabies after a cat she came in contact with tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.foxcarolina.com/story/23893251/woman-exposed-to-rabies-by-cat-in-fountain-inn

1510832454_0c4d8e51f3_zSouth Carolina 11/04/13 Aiken County: A raccoon captured in the vicinity of Cherry Hills Drive in Aiken last Wednesday has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.aikenstandard.com/article/20131104/AIK0101/131109810/0/FRONTPAGE

skunk&petfood8877809Texas 11/05/13 Tarrant County: A skunk that was caught in the 400 block of Mountainview Drive in north Hurst last Friday has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.star-telegram.com/2013/11/05/5308480/rabies-confirmed-in-north-hurst.html?rh=1

17858296_BG1Virginia 11/07/13 York County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert for residents in the Jennings Drive area of the county after a raccoon found in the neighborhood tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.vagazette.com/news/newsletter/va-vg-rabid-raccoon-found-in-dare-section-of-york-county-20131107,0,4168269.story

CANADA: Health officials report TRICHINOSIS outbreak in northern QUEBEC ~ CANADA: Alert issued after BOBCAT attacks two DOGS in BRITISH COLUMBIA ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: COYOTES that attacked COLORADAN last week not RABID ~ EEE & WNV reports from AR, CA, IN, KY, LA, MS, & NY ~ RABIES reports from GA, IA, NJx2, NC, PA, SCx2, & VA.

Polar bear. Photo by Ansgar Walk. Wikimedia Commons.

Polar bear. Photo by Ansgar Walk. Wikimedia Commons.


220-inukjuak-mapQuebec 10/22/13 cbc.ca/news: Health officials are reporting an outbreak of trichinosis in Inukjuak. Since early October, about 15 people have exhibited symptoms of the illness caused by a parasite sometimes found in the raw meat of animals Including walrus and polar bear. No official source of the outbreak has been identified but the health department is investigating. In the meantime they are advising people to fully cook their meat to kill the parasite before consuming it. – http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/trichinosis-outbreak-in-inukjuak-que-1.2187320


bobcat3WiscDNRBritish Columbia 10/22/13 District of Squamish: Officials have confirmed that a bobcat attacked two off-leash dogs in separate incidents on October 22nd along a trail near Garibaldi Highlands. Both attacks occurred in the morning at the south end of Jack’s Trail. – See http://www.squamishchief.com/article/20131022/SQUAMISH0101/131029996/-1/squamish/update-caution-urged-after-bobcat-attacks-dogs

Follow-Up Report:

(See Three COYOTES attack COLORADAN walking to work – posted October 17, 2013)

coyote.88f7.Bing.freeuselicColorado 10/23/13 thedenverchannel.com/news: by Deb Stanley – Three coyotes that attacked a man in Niwot last week have tested negative for rabies. Andrew Dickehage said he was walking before sunrise when he heard what he thought was a bunny rustling in a bush, but when he turned his flashlight on a nearby bush, he was attacked. “I shined the flashlight and before I could finish turning and pointing it at the brush, that’s when the initial impact happened,” Dickehage said. “At that point, I felt severe agony throughout my hand and I looked down and it [the coyote] wouldn’t let go.” Dickehage said as he was fighting off the first coyote with his flashlight, the other two attacked. He managed to stay on his feet until the attack stop and the coyotes ran off. – For complete article see http://www.thedenverchannel.com/news/local-news/wildlife-officials-coyotes-that-attacked-niwot-man-did-not-have-rabies

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Little_River_County.ARArkansas 10/22/13 Little River County: Hospital officials have confirmed that an Ashdown teenager being treated for what is believed to be a rare human case of EEE died on October 22nd. – See article and video at http://www.ksla.com/story/23753290/ar-teen-with-suspected-eastern-equine-encaphalitis-dies

07cd7361057a7994e7e590e1fb0d3868ed6ff5ad-1California 10/21/13 Los Angeles County: Officials have confirmed the county’s 7th WNV-related human fatality. Three fatalities have been confirmed in the past week. All were men – two from South Los Angeles and one from the San Fernando Valley – and all had pre-existing health conditions. – See http://manhattanbeach.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/7-dead-due-to-west-nile-virus-county-confirms_8e79c5d4

Vigo-County.INIndiana 10/21/13 Vigo County: A human WNV-related fatality in the state reported earlier neglected to mention that it occurred in Vigo County. – See http://wibqfm.com/news/articles/2013/oct/21/indianas-first-west-nile-death-from-vigo-county/

Carlisle_County_KYKentucky 10/21/13 Carlisle County: A horse stabled in the county is the second to test positive for EEE in the state this year. – See http://www.thehorse.com/articles/32742/kentucky-reports-second-equine-eee-case-of-2013

LA-DHHLouisiana 10/18/13 LA Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed the state’s third WNV-related death this year. The report is from Rapides Parish, and is the second death this year from Rapides Parish. In addition, the health department is also confirming three new WNV human cases this week, bringing this year’s total number of cases to 51. This week’s new infections include two cases of neuro-invasive disease in Lafayette Parish and one case of neuro-invasive in Ouachita Parish. – See http://www.dhh.louisiana.gov/index.cfm/newsroom/detail/2899

MS_71058_121809421211160_5406251_nMississippi 10/21/13 MS Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed three new human cases of WNV for 2013. The cases were reported in Forrest, Lamar, and Rankin counties, bringing the state total for 2013 to 43 human cases, including two deaths. – For locations of all other cases and other information see http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/_static/23,14422,341.html

Oswego_County_svgNYNew York 10/21/13 Oswego County: Officials have confirmed a human case of WNV in one of the county’s senior residents.  – See http://www.cnycentral.com/news/story.aspx?id=961428#.UmcKKBAljM1


raccoon - CopyGeorgia 10/17/13 Henry County: A raccoon killed by a dog on Chafin Drive in the Kelleytown area of McDonough has tested positive for rabies. – See http://neighbornewspapers.com/view/full_story/23872771/article-Rabies-warning-issued-for-McDonough?instance=all

road_sign_need_helpIowa 10/19/13 Washington County: Police in the town of Washington are searching for a dog they say bit a person late last week. Officers received a report of the incident just before 9 p.m. Friday and they’re searching for a brown dog that resembles a pit bull. Authorities need to find the dog to ensure its rabies vaccination is current otherwise the person bitten will have to undergo a series of rabies shots. Anyone with information is asked to call police at 319-653-2107. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/49d604c98fd64594b1628d8bbfdbb719/IA–Search-for-Dog

cityOfCarrolltonTXNew Jersey 10/21/13 Atlantic County: A raccoon found in the 100 block of South New Road in Absecon last week has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.nbc40.net/story/23751069/sixth-case-of-rabies-confirmed-in-atlantic-county

New Jersey 10/18/13 Mercer County: A skunk found on Temple Terrace in Lawrence Township has tested positive for rabies. The skunk was in contact with neighborhood pets. – See havahart-skunk_120http://lawrenceville.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/skunk-in-lawrence-township-tests-positive-for-rabies

North Carolina 10/17/13 Orange County: A skunk found in a Hillsborough resident’s outdoor dog kennel, has tested positive for rabies. Her dogs have been vaccinated. – See http://www.wral.com/skunk-is-11th-case-of-rabies-in-orange-county/13012716/

450px-Treed_RaccoonsPennsylvania 10/22/13 Delaware County: Two raccoons found in Radnor Township have tested positive for rabies in the past two weeks. One was in the 700 block of Bryn Mawr Avenue, and a second less than a mile away in the 600 block of S. Hunt Road. – See http://mainlinemedianews.com/articles/2013/10/22/main_line_suburban_life/news/doc5266ae9416bea044225119.txt

rabies.warningSouth Carolina 10/22/13 Fairfield County: A dog that was in contact with two people in the Winnsboro area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wltx.com/news/article/253791/2/Dog-Exposes-Two-People-to-Rabies

thumbnailCAMJ7KZ8South Carolina 10/18/13 Oconee County: A skunk that came in contact with a woman in the Westminster area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.foxcarolina.com/story/23729842/oconee-co-woman-expsed-to-rabies-from-skunk

1433850718_c3e303fca7Virginia 10/18/13 Peninsula Health District: A raccoon killed by a dog in the Colony and Putney roads area of Newport News has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wavy.com/news/local/newport-news/rabid-raccoon-killed-by-dog-in-nn

Scientists alarmed by MOOSE die-off across NORTH AMERICA ~ EEE & WNV reports from FL, IL, IN, KS, MA, OH, & TX ~ RABIES reports from GA, TX, VA, & CANADA: ONTARIO.

Bull moose. Courtesy U.S. National Park Service.

Bull moose. Courtesy U.S. National Park Service.

North America 10/14/13: New York Times reporter Jim Robbins has written a chilling article about a moose die-off that has swept across the continent,  but no one has been able to figure out what is causing it. Most believe climate change is playing a significant role. The winters are growing shorter, and the tick population is increasing exponentially. Kristine Rines, a biologist with the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department, says “You can get 100,000 ticks on a moose”. That amounts to a huge loss of blood, not to mention the vexation. In Minnesota, brain worms and liver flukes are wreaking havoc on the moose population, which has dropped from 12,000 to about 3,100 in the past two decades. Heat stress may be a factor, as well as unregulated hunting and the loss of forestation caused by pine bark beetles. Moose don’t run in herds so they’re hard to study. – For the article, photo, and video see http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/15/science/earth/something-is-killing-off-the-moose.html?emc=edit_tnt_20131014&tntemail0=y&_r=0

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Jackson_County.FLFlorida 10/16/13 Jackson County: Officials have confirmed that a horse stabled in the county has tested positive for WNV, and a deer has tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.wmbb.com/story/23712846/west-nile-virus-jackson-county

McLean_County.ILIllinois 10/18/13 McLean County: Health officials have confirmed that a male resident in his 40s is the second human case of WNV in the county this year. – See http://www.pantagraph.com/news/local/mclean-co-reports-nd-human-case-of-west-nile-virus/article_bfc3ebb0-380e-11e3-85df-001a4bcf887a.html

IN-DH-B-W-LogoIndiana 10/18/13 IN Dept of Health: State health officials have announced the state’s first WNV-related fatality this year. Twenty human cases of the virus have been reported. – See http://www.in.gov/activecalendar/EventList.aspx?view=EventDetails&eventidn=136661&information_id=189501&type=&syndicate=syndicate

reno.cty.ksKansas 10/18/13 Reno County: Officials have confirmed that a male resident of Hutchinson in his 70s who died October 15th is the second WNV-related fatality in the county this year. The first was a male resident of Turon in his 60s who died October 3rd. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/e0bb99cbac9d40089b3839828c0edc80/KS–West-Nile-Virus

worcester cty MAMassachusetts 10/17/13 Worcester County: Officials have confirmed that a horse stabled in Charlton tested positive for WNV and was euthanized. – See http://www.telegram.com/article/20131017/NEWS/310179876/1116

Lucas-County.OHOhio 10/18/13 Lucas County: Officials have confirmed that a female resident of Toledo, age 57, is the first person in the county to die of WNV this year. A former kindergarten teacher and mother of seven, the victim died October 12th at Hospice of Northwest Ohio. – See http://www.toledoblade.com/Medical/2013/10/18/West-Nile-virus-claims-life-of-Toledo-woman.html

dallas cty TXTexas 10/18/13 Dallas County: Health officials have confirmed that a resident of ZIP code 75249 in the City of Dallas is the county’s eleventh human case of WNV this year. – See http://thescoopblog.dallasnews.com/2013/10/dallas-county-announces-11th-human-west-nile-infection.html/?nclick_check=1


R02byDNR_WI.govGeorgia 10/16/13 Henry County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert for a one-mile area surrounding 75 Chafin Drive in McDonough after a raccoon that was killed by a dog in that vicinity tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.cbsatlanta.com/story/23708841/rabbies-alert-issued-in-henry-county

stripedskunk_05_thumbTexas 10/15/13 Hunt County: A skunk found in the 600 block of Erica in Greenville on October 9th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://ketr.org/post/rabid-skunk-found-greenville-0

batnewscientist884909Virginia 10/16/13 Wise County: A bat found at a private home  earlier this month near the Town of Pound has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wvva.com/story/23708543/2013/10/16/bat-in-wise-county-is-found-to-have-rabies


Big_brown_bat_(Eptesicus_fuscus)_285NPSOntario 10/16/13 Grey-Bruce Health Unit: A big brown bat found in the Tara area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://blackburnnews.com/midwestern-ontario/midwestern-ontario-news/2013/10/16/2nd-rabid-bat-in-grey-bruce/

Two ARIZONA bird hunters attacked by RABID BOBCAT ~ Other RABIES reports from AR, CA, CT, MD, NC, OK, & VA ~ EEE & WNV reports from ID, LA, MA, NY, TX, & WA.

Bobcat. BING free use license.

Bobcat. BING free use license.

Arizona 10/12/13 dcourier.com: Special Report – Two Prescott Valley quail hunters suffered multiple injuries when a rabid adult male bobcat attacked them on Thursday afternoon, according to the Arizona Game and Fish Department. The two men were hunting several miles northeast of Prescott Valley when the attack occurred near the northeast corner of the Mingus Meadows subdivision, about halfway between Highway 89A and Perkinsville Road (Yavapai County). The hunters had stopped to open a gate when the bobcat ran under their vehicle. “The bobcat was spotted under some bushes and then ran under the vehicle,” said Zen Mocarski, public information officer with the Game and Fish Region 3 office in Kingman. “One of the victims looked under the truck and was attacked.” The hunter suffered deep lacerations, punctures, and scratches to his back, shoulders, arms, and chest. The other hunter tried to get the bobcat off of the victim and also was attacked, Mocarski said. The second victim suffered less severe injuries to his arms and legs. One of the victims then shot and killed the bobcat, and the two transported themselves and the feline to Yavapai Regional Medical Center where both were immediately treated for post exposure to rabies. Officials announced Friday the bobcat tested positive for rabies, and warned people to be careful in the wild. – See http://www.dcourier.com/main.asp?SectionID=1&SubSectionID=1&ArticleID=124133

Other Rabies Reports:

aa.skunk.BingFreeUseLicArkansas 10/11/13 Pulaski County: A skunk found dead in the backyard of a home off Route 10 in west Little Rock has tested positive for rabies. The skunk was likely killed by the family’s vaccinated pet dog. This is the first rabid skunk to be found south of the Arkansas River in Pulaski County in more than 30 years. – See http://www.arkansasonline.com/news/2013/oct/11/rabies-case-confirmed-little-rock-health-officials/

neverbarehandedsmCalifornia 10/11/13 Los Angeles County: A bat found outside a home in Santa Clarita has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.signalscv.com/section/36/article/106582/

KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERAConnecticut 10/11/13 Tolland County: A cow on a dairy farm in Ellington has tested positive for rabies. An officials has stated that neither the cow nor its milk have posed any danger to the general public. – See http://ellington-somers.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/ellington-cow-that-contracted-rabies-was-euthanized

rabiesAlert521d4-1Maryland 10/11/13 Washington County: A grey and black tabby cat found on Independence Road in Clear Spring has tested positive for rabies. Anyone who may have been in contact with this cat should seek immediate medical advice. – See http://www.your4state.com/story/cat-in-clear-spring-tests-positive-for-rabies/d/story/ne_CPP_B20W-moc-P1BXOw

Cat-and-BatNorth Carolina 10/11/13 Guilford County: A bat found on Cobble Glen Court in Greensboro is the 17th confirmed case of rabies in the county this year. The bat was in contact with a cat. – See http://www.news-record.com/news/local_news/article_6d17445e-32ad-11e3-95c4-001a4bcf6878.html

130726034208_Rabies-Alert-graphicOklahoma 10/11/13 OK Dept of Health: Officials are looking for persons who adopted, or had direct contact with, kittens that were advertised for adoption on the Tahlequah Online Garage Sale Facebook group (TOGS), on Tuesday, October 1.  Adopting families picked up the kittens in the Walmart parking lot.  The four kittens are described as approximately 9 weeks old with black and white markings.  On Thursday, October 3, one of the adopted kittens developed symptoms consistent with rabies and  subsequently tested positive for the virus. Persons who adopted the other three kittens, or anyone who may have come in direct contact with the kittens, should contact the Epidemiologist-on-Call at (405) 271-4060 or (800) 234-5963, available 24/7/365. – For photos of kittens and complete news release see http://www.ok.gov/health/Organization/Office_of_Communications/News_Releases/2013_News_Releases/Rabid_Kitten10-11-13.html

PHIL_2186_thumb SkunkVirginia 10/10/13 City of Suffolk: A skunk found in a pen with two vaccinated dogs in the Bridgepoint Farms area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://hamptonroads.com/2013/10/skunk-found-suffolk-tests-positive-rabies

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

ID DOH&WIdaho 10/11/13 ID Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed that WNV may have contributed to the recent death of a male resident of Gem County. This is the first WNV-related fatality in the state this year. WNV is concentrated in five Southwest Idaho counties in 2013, including Canyon, Gem, Owyhee, Payette, and Washington, with 25 reported cases. A total of 39 cases have been reported statewide, including one fatality. – See http://healthandwelfare.idaho.gov/AboutUs/Newsroom/tabid/130/ctl/ArticleView/mid/3061/articleId/1738/West-Nile-Contributes-to-Death-of-Gem-County-Resident.aspx

LA-DHHLouisiana 10/11/13 LA Dept of Health: State officials have confirmed three new human cases of WNV in the state this week, bringing the total number of cases to 48. The new infections include one case of neuro-invasive disease from Lafayette and two cases of West Nile fever from Ouachita and Morehouse parishes. – See http://www.dhh.louisiana.gov/index.cfm/newsroom/detail/2892

MA_220px-MADPH_LogoMassachusetts 10/11/13 MA Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed that a seventh human case of WNV has been identified in Plymouth County  where a female resident in her 70s is currently hospitalized with the virus. – http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/gov/newsroom/press-releases/dph/seventh-human-case-of-west-nile-virus-in-massachusetts.html

3332healthlogoNew York 10/10/13 Niagara County Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed the first human case of WNV in the county this year is a young male adult resident of Gasport who is at home recovering after being hospitalized. – See http://www.niagaracounty.com/health/pressreleases/tabid/715/vw/1/itemid/143/public-health-director-reports-first-case-of-west-nile-virus-in-niagara-county.aspx

dallascountysealTexas 10/11/13 Dallas County: Officials have confirmed a tenth human case of WNV has been identified in the county in the 75228 ZIP code area. – See http://www.nbcdfw.com/news/health/Dallas-County-Reports-10th-Human-West-Nile-Virus-Case-227428741.html

WaStateDeptAgricWashington 10/11/13 WA Dept of Agriculture: State officials have confirmed that a horse stabled in the Pasco area of Franklin County tested positive for WNV and has been euthanized. This is the second horse testing positive for the virus this year. The other was a horse pastured in Outlook, Yakima County last month. – See http://www.kansascity.com/2013/10/11/4546349/pasco-horse-with-west-nile-virus.html


MALARIA a threat to PENGUIN populations in zoos ~ Scientists report DENGUE FEVER being transmitted in HOUSTON ~ EEE& WNV reports from FL, KS, NH, & TXx2 ~ RABIES reports from MD, MI, & VA.

Humboldt penguin. Photo by Dori. Wikimedia Commons.

Humboldt penguin. Photo by Dori. Wikimedia Commons.

Global 10/06/13 nytimes.com: by Donald G. McNeil Jr. – Zoos all around the world love penguins. They’re cute, they don’t require much space, they never eat zookeepers. And children adore watching them, especially at feeding time. But as carefree as they might look, torpedoing through the water or rocketing into the air like a Poseidon missile, zoo penguins are stalked by an unrelenting killer: malaria. “It’s probably the top cause of mortality for penguins exposed outdoors,” said Dr. Allison N. Wack, a veterinarian at the Maryland Zoo in Baltimore, which is building a new exhibit that will double its flock to a hundred birds. If left untreated, the disease would probably kill at least half the birds it infected, though outbreaks vary widely in intensity.

King penguin. Photo by Mark Dickson. Wikimedia Commons.

King penguin. Photo by Mark Dickson. Wikimedia Commons.

The avian version is not a threat to humans because mosquitoes carrying malaria and the parasites are species-specific; mosquitoes that bite birds or reptiles tend not to bite mammals, said Dr. Paul P. Calle, chief veterinarian for the Wildlife Conservation Society, which runs New York City’s zoos. And avian malaria is caused by strains of the Plasmodium parasite that do not infect humans. But for penguins in captivity, the threat is so great that many zoos dose their birds in summer with pills for malaria, said Dr. Richard Feachem, director of global health at the University of California, San Francisco.

Emperor penguin. Photo by Samuel Blanc. Wikimedia Commons.


Emperor penguin. Photo by Samuel Blanc. www.sblanc.com

Last year, six Humboldt penguins in the London Zoo died of malaria. London is also where the first case of penguin malaria was diagnosed almost a century ago; it was found in a King penguin in 1926. Since then, there have been many outbreaks of avian malaria, including at zoos in Baltimore, South Korea, Vienna and Washington, D.C. The last major American one was at the Blank Park Zoo in Des Moines during the hot, wet summer of 1986. From May to September of that year, 38 of the 46 Magellanic penguins the zoo had just imported from Chile succumbed. – For complete article see http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/08/science/earth/zoos-aim-to-ward-off-a-penguin-killer.html?emc=edit_tnt_20131006&tntemail0=y

Dengue Fever:

dengue_alert548Texas 10/09/13 chron.com: by Todd Ackerman – Dengue fever, a virulent tropical disease thought to be eradicated from the United States in the 1950s, has re-emerged in Houston, according to a new study. Baylor College of Medicine scientists are reporting the mosquito-borne virus has recently been transmitted in Houston, the first evidence the disease so prevalent in the developing world has spread to a major U.S. city in large numbers. In the past decade, it has been identified in Hawaii, south Florida and along the Texas-Mexico border. “Dengue virus can cause incredibly severe disease and death,” said Dr. Kristy Murray, a professor of tropical medicine at Baylor College of Medicine and the study’s principal investigator. “This study shows that Houston may be at risk of an outbreak, that people need to be on the lookout.”

baylorMurray’s team investigated the possibility that dengue might be in Houston because the area has the type of mosquitoes known to carry the virus and a dense population full of frequent travelers south of the border, where the virus is endemic. But the study, published Wednesday in the journal Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, found that most of the infections were transmitted in Houston. There is no vaccine or treatment for the virus. A pandemic outside the United States – hot spots are in India and Bangladesh, Indonesia, Brazil and Mexico – dengue infects more than 100 million people a year, killing at least 25,000. Identified in nine tropical countries before 1970, it has spread to more than 100 today. – For complete article and precautions see http://www.chron.com/news/health/article/Dengue-virus-identified-in-Houston-4883103.php

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Jackson_County_FLFlorida 10/09/13 Jackson County: Officials have confirmed that a deer found off Firebird Lane, south of Marianna, has tested positive for EEE. A resident notified authorities after his dog was exposed to a deer that was behaving abnormally. – See http://www.wmbb.com/story/23650822/deer-tests-positive-for-eee-in-jackson-county

KansasDeptHealthKansas 10/09/13 KS Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed 12 additional human cases of WNV in the past week bringing the total number of human cases so far this year to 32, including two fatalities. As of Oct. 7, the case count by county in Kansas is: Sedgwick-7, Barton-6, Johnson-3, Sherman-2, Wyandotte-2, Atchison-1, Butler-1, Chautauqua-1, Decatur-1, Ellis-1, Logan-1, Marshall-1, Republic-1, Rice-1, Rush-1, and Saline-1. – See http://www.kdheks.gov/news/web_archives/2013/10092013.htm

nh-medicaidNew Hampshire 10/09/13 NH Dept of Health: Officials today confirmed that a horse stabled in the Belknap County town of Belmont has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.dhhs.nh.gov/media/pr/2013/10-oct/10092013horse.htm

tarrant cty TXTexas 10/09/13 Tarrant County: Officials have confirmed a second county resident has died after contracting WNV. The victim was a male from Arlington in his 70s. The other fatality was a male resident of South Fort Worth in his 30s. So far this year five human cases of WNV have been identified in the county, including the two fatalities. – See http://www.nbcdfw.com/news/health/Arlington-Man-Dies-After-Contracting-West-Nile-Virus-227078781.html

dallascountysealTexas 10/08/13 Dallas County Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed the ninth human case of WNV in the county so far this year. The resident lives in ZIP code 75149 and is diagnosed with West Nile Neuro-invasive Disease. See http://www.dallascounty.org/department/hhs/press/documents/PressRelease_NinthPositiveHumanCase10082013.pdf


Bing.free.use.license.d88808sjpgMaryland 10/09/13 Anne Arundel County: A raccoon found Monday at the Fort Smallwood Park gate house has tested positive for rabies. The park is in Pasadena and officials are advising anyone who may have had contact with the raccoon to seek immediate medical advice. – See http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/anne-arundel/pasadena/bs-md-ar-rabid-racoon-20131009,0,1700238.story

Bat%20SketchMichigan 10/08/13 Tuscola County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert after a bat found in the county tested positive for the virus. – See video and article at http://www.wnem.com/story/23642583/bat-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-local-community

1248930287_t4KVf-L-1Virginia 10/08/13 Accomack County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert after a raccoon found roaming Cropper and Church streets in Chincoteague tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.delmarvanow.com/article/20131008/ESN01/310080073/CHINCOTEAGUE-Officials-concerned-after-third-case-rabies-year-found-island

Four LYME DISEASE-related fatalities due to condition called LYME CARDITIS ~ PENNSYLVANIA physician publishes textbook focusing on LYME DISEASE ~ EEE & WNV reports from CA, FL, IL, IN, NH, & TX.


8033351959_bfd0bd5841_zBingFreeUseLicLyme Disease:

International 10/06/13 poughkeepsiejournal.com: by Roberto LoBianco – Four deaths have been reported in medical journals from a heart condition associated with Lyme disease called Lyme carditis. The condition is being investigated in the death of a 17-year-old Poughkeepsie High School honor student who died Aug. 5; evidence of Lyme disease was found in his blood, organs and heart. The cases, drawn from references provided by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, include:

• A 37-year old man who died in 2008 the day after visiting a doctor. The man reported a month-long series of fevers, rash and other symptoms.

dl3l4l34d9• A patient who died from cardiac arrest caused by Lyme myocarditis or heart inflammation. The patient, described in a 1993 report in the Journal of Neurology, was among patients with Lyme myositis, or muscle inflammation, between the ages of 37 and 70.

• A 31 year-old male farm worker in Great Britain — the only geographical reference in the four articles — who tested positive for Lyme disease on his first screening. An autopsy found the man suffered from an enlarged heart and an irregular heart beat; he had no telltale Lyme disease rash before becoming ill, according to a 1990 article in the Postgraduate Medical Journal.

4df3ff714678c.preview-300• A 66-year old man who died of “cardiac involvement of Lyme disease.” According to a 1985 report published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, he died 18 hours after being taken to the hospital with chills, muscle pain and other symptoms. – For details and complete article see http://www.poughkeepsiejournal.com/article/20131006/NEWS01/310060047/Medical-researchers-report-four-deaths-due-Lyme-carditis

227757International 10/06/13 philly.com: by Ilene Raymond Rush – For Kathy Spreen, Lyme disease is a family affair. The trouble for her West Chester family started with her husband, who complained of fatigue and shoulder pain. Diagnosed with Lyme, he was treated with antibiotics and cured. About a year later, suffering with fatigue and joint pain, Spreen was treated twice for Lyme, which led to arthroscopic surgery and an eventual knee replacement. But when her 20-year old son Chris was rushed to the emergency room with a fever near 106 degrees and lapsing in and out of consciousness, she felt helpless. Despite her credentials as a physician, a tick taken from her son’s flank, and a telltale rash, she and her asset_upload_file730_103598husband could not get the medical staff to acknowledge that he might have Lyme. A doctor eventually administered a Lyme test that came back positive and Chris was treated with the antibiotic doxycycline, but his disease flared repeatedly over the next few years, inducing crippling fatigue and interfering with his aeronautical engineering studies at Purdue University.

51odrXSU6qLSpreen’s response to this sequence of events is the Compendium of Tick-Borne Disease: A Thousand Pearls, an 856-page textbook that addresses the diagnosis, treatment and care of Lyme disease. Intended for practitioners, caregivers, and patients, this self-published tome, which sells for $120 on Amazon – with discounts available through Lyme advocacy groups – proposes a new paradigm of open-mindedness about tick-borne illnesses. Julia Wagner, president of PA Lyme Resource Network, says the book “will change education, and help physicians quickly get their arms around a huge body of research.” “It’s the book that I wished I had when my son got sick,” says Spreen, 59, who has master’s degrees in biochemistry and public health and board certifications in preventive and family medicine. Until her retirement in 2006, she had worked for 20 years in the pharmaceutical industry, including Wyeth, AstraZeneca, and Johnson & Johnson in research and development. She hopes her book will “lay out some options for better care.” – For complete article see http://www.philly.com/philly/health/20131006_Textbook_from_West_Chester_writer_focuses_on_Lyme_disease.html

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

San Bernadino Cty CACalifornia 10/08/13 San Bernardino County: Officials confirmed today that an Upland resident is the first person to die of WNV in the county this year. – See http://www.sbsun.com/health/20131008/upland-man-san-bernardino-countys-first-fatal-west-nile-virus-victim

Jackson_County_FLFlorida 10/07/13 Jackson County: Officials have confirmed that a horse stabled in the vicinity of Bethlehem Road south of Cottondale has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.wtvy.com/news/headlines/Horse-with-West-Nile-Virus-Confirmed-in-Jackson-County-226811351.html

Kankakee-County.ILIllinois 10/05/13 Kankakee County: Officials have confirmed the first human case of WNV in the county was diagnosed in a male resident of Manteno in his 50s. – See http://daily-journal.com/archives/dj/display.php?id=512984

Marion cty INIndiana 10/04/13 Marion County: Officials have confirmed the county’s first human case of WNV this year. Statewide, 11 people have been diagnosed with the virus. – See http://www.indystar.com/article/20131004/LIFE02/310050023/Marion-County-sees-season-s-first-case-West-Nile-virus?nclick_check=1

nh-medicaidNew Hampshire 10/08/13 NH Dept of Health: Officials confirmed today that a horse stabled in Deerfield has tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.dhhs.nh.gov/media/pr/2013/10-oct/10082013EEE.htm

Floyd_County.TXTexas 10/05/13 Floyd County: State officials have confirmed a total of two human cases of WNV in the county, including one fatality. – See http://www.everythinglubbock.com/story/west-nile-death-in-floyd-county/d/story/251w1Vq-ak2wJaRUSGb4LA