Tag Archives: Eastern Equine Encephalitis

CANADIAN mauled to death by GRIZZLY sow ~ CALIFORNIA child attacked by MOUNTAIN LION ~ COLORADAN hospitalized with SEPTICEMIC PLAGUE ~ ILLINOIS reports increase in LYME DISEASE ~ OREGON’s celebrity WOLF OR-7’s mate also a wanderer ~ Travel Warning: CDC warns of CHIKUNGUNYA outbreak in AMERICAN SAMOA ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS (EEE) report from NH ~ WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) reports from NY, ND & SD.

Grizzly. Bing free use license.

Grizzly. Bing free use license.

Alberta 09/08/14 globalnews.ca: by The Canadian Press – Mounties say a hunter who had been missing in southern Alberta’s Kananaskis Country was found dead Monday after a fatal bear attack. RCMP would not confirm the identity of the hunter but it’s thought to be Rick Cross, a 54-year-old Calgary business man who was reported missing by his family after he did not return from a sheep hunting trip near PickleJar Lakes on the weekend.RCMP said a ground and air search was begun for the hunter on Sunday.

zCM-SouthwestAlberta“Evidence was located suggesting that the hunter had been injured at a location approximately four kilometres east from the PickleJar day use area parking lot on Highway 40,” RCMP said in a news release. “Search teams also encountered a female grizzly bear and cub in the immediate area.” The search resumed Monday morning, when teams found the man’s remains in the same area. “The hunter had suffered obvious trauma consistent with a bear attack and is believed to have died from those injuries,” said the release. “The hunter was alone at the time of the incident.” – For video and complete article see http://globalnews.ca/news/1552033/bear-kills-missing-hunter-in-kananaskis-country/

Mountain Lion:

cougar2498California 09/10/14 torontosun.com: Game wardens and hounds combed steep, wooded canyons and ravines for a third day near California’s Silicon Valley on Tuesday, searching for a mountain lion that injured a 6-year-old boy, but the cat has so far evaded trackers, wildlife officials said. The boy was hiking a trail with family and friends on Sunday in a densely wooded preserve adjacent to a winery, just west of the town of Cupertino, when the mountain lion pounced on him and tried to drag the child away, his parents told officials. The boy’s father and another man in the group rushed the cat shouting at the animal, and the cougar retreated into the woods. The boy was left with bite wounds and scratches to his upper body, head and neck, and was hospitalized following the attack. Kirsten Macintyre, a spokeswoman for the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, said the boy has since been released and was home with his family, who officials have not publicly identified. A team of sheriff’s deputies, game wardens and a tracker with dogs immediately mounted a search for the lion, which resumed after daybreak on Monday and was extended into Tuesday with the addition of a second tracking crew, Macintyre said. She said motion-sensitive cameras also were being been set up in the vicinity, along with several live cage traps. On Tuesday, DNA from cougar saliva samples taken from the victim’s clothing showed the mountain lion was a male. From witness accounts and the size of paw prints left behind, the cat is believed to be a young adult, about three-quarters full grown, or roughly 90 pounds in weight, Macintyre said. If the animal is captured and its DNA matches the saliva samples, the lion will be killed in the interest of public safety, officials said. – For complete article see http://www.torontosun.com/2014/09/10/california-officials-hunt-for-cougar-that-attacked-boy

Author’s Note: California Dept of Fish & Wildlife officials said on Sept 10th that they have captured and killed the mountain lion believed to be responsible for the attack. – See http://abc7news.com/news/authorities-capture-mountain-lion-that-attacked-boy-in-cupertino/303485/

Plague:

types-plagueColorado 09/05/14 San Juan Basin Health Dept: Media Release – Officials have confirmed a human case of septicemic plague in a La Plata County resident. An investigation is underway to determine the source of exposure. The patient is currently receiving treatment. Bubonic plague is the most common form of plague; septicemic plague is seen less often. Symptoms typically include fever, chills, extreme weakness, abdominal pain, shock, and possibly bleeding into the skin and other organs. You can get septicemic plague from handling an infected animal or from bites of infected fleas. This is the second case of plague in La Plata County this year. Since 1957, Colorado has identified 65 cases of human plague, nine (14%) of which were fatal. – See http://sjbhd.org/public-health-news/

Lyme Disease:

ribbonIllinois 09/08/14 peoriapublicradio.org: by Hannah Meisel – Reported cases of Lyme disease are on the rise in Illinois. Instances of the illness have gone up about 250 percent in the last ten years. Melaney Arnold, with the Illinois Department of Public Health, says Lyme disease’s carrier — the deer tick — has a carrier of its own. “Very much like the name mentions, they typically ride on deer. So as deer migrate south, we do see some of that southern migration of the ticks.” – See http://peoriapublicradio.org/post/cases-lyme-disease-illinois

Wolf OR-7:

Remote camera photo of a wolf using the same area as the wolf known as OR-7. This is the first evidence that OR-7 has found another wolf in the Oregon Cascades. Photo courtesy of USFWS.

Remote camera photo of a wolf using the same area as the wolf known as OR-7. This is the first evidence that OR-7 has found another wolf in the Oregon Cascades. Photo courtesy of USFWS.

Oregon 09/05/14 oregonlive.com: by Lynne Terry – Oregon’s erstwhile wandering wolf OR-7 truly met one of his own when he mated with a small black female earlier this year: She, too, is a traveler and perhaps even from northeast Oregon as well. DNA tests on her scat indicate she came from northeast Oregon or even Idaho. She shares bloodlines with the Minam and Snake River packs, which include wolves from both those areas, said John Stephenson, wolf coordinator for the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. That means she traveled several hundred miles or more to the western Cascades where she mated with OR-7 earlier this year. “It’s fascinating that after dispersing such a great distance to an area where there are so few wolves that they were able to find one another,” Stephenson said.

Oregon's erstwhile wandering wolf, OR-7, has at least three pups that were born in April. Photos by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Oregon’s erstwhile wandering wolf, OR-7, has at least three pups that were born in April. Photos by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

OR-7 was born into the Imnaha Pack in northeast Oregon, then traveled several thousand miles to California and back to Oregon looking for territory and a mate. The two produced offspring in the Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest in April. Biologists gathered scat from the area in May and July and sent the samples to the University of Idaho for DNA testing. They also collected images of OR-7’s mate and three pups, all snapped by stationary, motion-detecting cameras in the wilderness. The results do not pin down the birthplace of the small, black female but indicate her heritage. – For photos and complete article see http://www.oregonlive.com/pacific-northwest-news/index.ssf/2014/09/oregon_wolf_or-7_pups_are_his.html

Travel Warning:

300px-Flag_of_American_Samoa.svgAmerican Samoa 09/09/14 Outbreaknewstoday.com: Post by Robert Herriman – Since the chikungunya outbreak was first geography-of-american-samoa0recognized in American Samoa in late July, the case count has grown to more than 700 cases. This is the first report of locally transmitted chikungunya in Samoa. – For complete post see http://outbreaknewstoday.com/cdc-travel-notice-issued-for-american-samoa-chikungunya-outbreak-now-over-700-cases-64070/

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

EEE54fgh84New Hampshire 09/10/14 NH Dept of Health: Media Release – Officials have confirmed the second human case of EEE this season in an adult from Hopkinton. The first human case of EEE in New Hampshire this season was confirmed on August 22nd in Conway, NH. – See http://www.dhhs.nh.gov/media/pr/2014/09-sept/09102014eeecase.htm

West Nile Virus (WNV):

NY-HealthDept-LargeNew York 09/08/14 NYC Health Dept: Media Release – Officials have confirmed the season’s first human cases of illness with WNV in five New York City residents, all over the age of 50. Two patients reside in Brooklyn, and one each from Queens, Staten Island and Manhattan. Three of the patients were hospitalized and diagnosed with meningitis; all have been discharged. The other two cases did not require hospitalization. – For complete release see http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/html/pr2014/pr031-14.shtml

Logo677854North Dakota 09/09/14 ND Dept of Health: Media Release – WNV Surveillance Coordinator Alicia Lepp has announced the state’s first WNV-related death in 2014. The individual was a woman who was hospitalized and was older than 60 years of age. Today’s report brings the total number of cases in North Dakota this season to12. – For complete release see http://www.ndhan.gov/data/mrNews/2014-09-09-First%202014%20WNV%20Human%20Death-v%20FINAL.pdf

index5587155South Dakota 09/09/14 SD Dept of Health: Media Release – Officials have confirmed 31 human cases of WNV in 18 counties so far this year. – See http://doh.sd.gov/documents/statistics/ID/Aug2014.pdf

MAN and DOG attacked by BLACK BEAR sow in WEST VIRGINIA ~ Number of local CHIKUNGUNYA cases in FLORIDA grows ~ NEW HAMPSHIRE reports HUMAN CASE OF EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS (EEE) ~ WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) reports of HUMAN CASES in CA, IL, KS, LA, MA, MN, OH, SD & WI ~ RABIES/reports of RABID CATS in NJx2, NY, OR & SC.

Black bear sow with cub. Bing free use license.

Black bear sow with cub. Bing free use license.

WEST VIRGINIA 08/21/14 GEORGE WASHINGTON NATIONAL FOREST: An Indiana man visiting family in Virginia was attacked by a black bear sow with two cubs while hiking in George Washington National Forest in West Virginia with his dog on August . Man and dog were both seriously injured and hospitalized but early reports indicate 21st they will survive. According to the victim, the dog saved his life by attacking the bear while he kept striking it with a rock. – See http://www.nvdaily.com/news/2014/08/bear-CEattack-wounds-man-and-his-dog.php

CHIKUNGUNYA FEVER:

hi_4333.chikungunyaFLORIDA 08/20/14 FL Dept of Health: Two more cases of locally acquired chikungunya fever were reported this week in Palm Beach County. In 2014, a total of six cases of locally acquired chikungunya fever have been reported. In addition, 21 new cases of chikungunya fever were reported this week in persons that had traveled internationally. In 2014, 171 travel-associated cases have been reported. – See http://www.floridahealth.gov/diseases-and-conditions/mosquito-borne-diseases/_docume nts/2014/week33arbovirusreport-8-16-14-b.pdf

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

eee-threat-249x187NEW HAMPSHIRE 08/22/14 NH Dept of Health and Human Services: Media Release – Officials have confirmed the first human case of EEE in the state this year has been diagnosed in a Conway resident. – See http://www.dhhs.state.nh.us/media/pr/2014/08-aug/08222014-eee.htm

 

WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV):

imagesCACMXFDXCALIFORNIA 08/24/14 City of Long Beach Health Dept: Officials confirmed three human cases of WNV so far this month. – See http://www.longbeach.gov/health/wnv_info/activity.asp

ILLINOIS 08/18/14 IL Dept of Public Health: Media ReleaseChicago health officials have confirmed that the state’s first human case of WNV has been diagnosed in a woman in her 70s. – See http://www.idph.state.il.us/public/press14/8.18.14_First_Human_WNV_Positive_2014.htm

KANSAS 08/20/14 KS Dept of Health: Media Release – The first human case of WNV in the state has been reported in Republic County. – See http://www.kdheks.gov/news/web_archives/2014/08192014a.htm

LOUISIANA 08/22/14 LA Department of Health and Hospitals: This week, DHH confirmed 10 new cases of WNV, of which seven were neuroinvasive disease cases, bringing this year’s total to 52 reported infections. This week’s new infections include neuroinvasive disease cases in Ascension (1), East Baton Rouge (5) and Ouachita (1) parishes. There were three new asymptomatic cases in the state from Caddo (2) and Pointe Coupee (1) parishes.– See http://new.dhh.louisiana.gov/index.cfm/newsroom/detail/3096

MASSACHUSETTS 08/22/14 Middlesex County: The Massachusetts Department of Public Health (DPH) today announced the first human case of WNV in the state this year. The patient, a county resident in his 60s, remains hospitalized, but is recovering. – See http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/gov/newsroom/press-releases/dph/first-human-case-of-west-nile-virus.html

MINNESOTA 08/22/14 Pope County: The state’s first human case of WNV this year has been confirmed by the state health department. A Pope County woman became ill Aug. 2nd but did not require hospitalization. See http://www.myfoxtwincities.com/story/26347889/minnesota-confirms-first-west-nile-case-of-year

OHIO 08/20/14 OH Dept of Health: Media Release – The state’s first two human cases of WNV this year have been identified in a 24-year-old woman in Muskingum County and a 78-year-old woman in Cuyahoga County. Both women were hospitalized with the virus. – See http://www.odh.ohio.gov/~/media/ODH/ASSETS/Files/news/West%20Nile%20Human%20Case%202014.ashx

SOUTH DAKOTA 08/19/14 SD Dept of Health: Media Release – Officials have confirmed 7 new cases of WNV reported bringing the seasonal cumulative total to 22. Cases are residents of the following counties: Beadle, Brown(4), Codington(3), Edmunds, Grant, Hamlin, Hand, Hughes(3), Hutchinson, Lincoln, Marshall, Meade(2) and Minnehaha(2). – See http://doh.sd.gov/documents/diseases/WNVupdate8-19.pdf

WISCONSIN 08/20/14 WI Dept of Health Services: Media Release – The first human case of WNV in the state has been reported in Ashland County. – See http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/News/PressReleases/2014/082014.htm

RABID CAT REPORTS:

8942410_448x252NEW JERSEY 08/23/14 Camden County: A stray kitten removed from a feral cat colony in Berlin Borough on July 18th and handled by two Stratford women has tested positive for rabies. – See https://www.google.com/search?q=GLOUCESTER+twp++nj&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-a&channel=sb

NEW JERSEY 08/19/14 Burlington County: A feral kitten found in a yard off Briarcliff Road in the Heritage Village of Evesham has tested positive for rabies. Officials say other feral cats in the area may be infected. – See http://www.burlingtoncountytimes.com/news/local/rabid-kitten-located-in-heritage-village-section-of-evesham/article_7c2a48f2-e5ff-588e-a4f1-d2442b769bdf.html

NEW YORK 08/22/14 Brooklyn Borough: A Rabies Alert went out this week warning that feral cats and kittens roaming Bensonhurst may have the virus after city officials captured a rabid raccoon that was seen fighting with some street cats in the neighborhood on Aug. 20. – See http://www.brooklyndaily.com/stories/2014/35/all-raccoons-vs-cats-2014-08-29-bk_2014_35.html

OREGON 08/24/14 Mills County: A cat killed on Horton Street in the City of Goldthwaite last week tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.goldthwaiteeagle.com/86368/1318/rabies-confirmed-in-goldthwaite

SOUTH CAROLINA 08/21/14 Anderson County: A total of 14 people in the county have been referred to their health care providers for rabies consultation in association with a case involving a kitten that tested positive for the virus, the SC Department of Health and Environmental Control reported today. – See http://www.scdhec.gov/Agency/NewsReleases/2014/nr20148121-01/

Will the CHIKUNGUNYA VIRUS become a threat in the U.S.? Scientist says “it’s only a matter of time”. ~ TULAREMIA killing RABBITS in COLORADO ~ FLORIDA reports five HORSES down with EEE ~ WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) reports from CO, SD & TX ~ RABIES reports from CO & NY.

Aedes aegypti biting human. Courtesy U.S. Dept of Agriculture.

Aedes aegypti biting human. Courtesy U.S. Dept of Agriculture.

Global 07/01/14 nationalgeographic.com: by Karen Weintraub – Chikungunya (pronounced chick-un-GOON-ya) has plagued other parts of the world—particularly Asia and Africa—for decades, becoming more prevalent in recent years. But it arrived in the Caribbean only in December and has already infected as many as 250,000 people there. The virus is generally not lethal and can’t pass from person to person. But the pain it brings can be horrible—some who have weathered its wrath have said they wished the virus had killed them. In rare cases, the agony can last for months or even years. Public health officials in the Caribbean are struggling to contain the outbreak, in part because of the difficulty of limiting mosquito breeding grounds and because the disease is so new to the area. Paola Lichtenberger, director of the Tropical Medicine Program at the University of Miami, says she is sure the epidemic is more widespread than official numbers suggest simply because making the diagnosis is so difficult. Public health officials in the U.S. and around the world, meanwhile, are tracking cases carefully and encouraging people in affected areas to take precautions to avoid infections and to clean up areas of standing water. Airports in ten major American East Coast cities with Caribbean-bound flights have posted warnings to passengers about chikungunya.

81343_990x742-cb1404168438So far, 73 American travelers have brought the disease home from abroad and another 15 have been infected by mosquitoes in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, though it hasn’t yet reached mosquitoes in the continental United States. But it’s only a matter of time before that happens, according to Lichtenberger, who has helped treat three chikungunya patients since the outbreak began. – For complete article see http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/07/140701-chikungunya-caribbean-mosquitoes-world-health/?rptregcta=reg_free_np&rptregcampaign=20140623_t1_rw_membership_r1p_us_dr_w

Tularemia:

colojackColorado 07/04/14 Larimer County: Officials confirmed on July 3rd that a rabbit found in Fort Collins has tested positive for tularemia, aka Rabbit Fever, a bacterial infection that is potentially life-threatening to humans. A die-off of rabbits has been reported in the area over the past few weeks. – For complete article including risks, symptoms and precautions see http://www.coloradoan.com/story/news/2014/07/03/tularemia-found-southeast-fort-collins-area-rabbit/12205939/

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

eee-threat-249x187Florida 07/03/14 wcjb.com: A fifth horse has tested positive for EEE in North Central Florida. Three of the infected horses were reported stabled in Marion County, and two in Alachua County. – See http://www.wcjb.com/local-news/2014/07/fifth-case-eastern-equine-encephalitis-north-central-florida

West Nile Virus (WNV):

1184134480-mosquito2Colorado 07/03/14 CO Dept of Public Health & Environment: Officials have confirmed the state’s first two human cases of WNV so far this year reported in Saguache and Pueblo counties. – See https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/cdphe/news-release-human-cases-west-nile-virus-identified-colorado

South Dakota 07/03/14 SD Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed two new human cases of WNV in Codington and Lincoln counties. – See http://doh.sd.gov/diseases/infectious/wnv/documents/WestNileupdates2014.pdf

Texas 07/03/14 TX Dept of State Health: Officials have confirmed the state’s first human case of WNV this year was reported in Travis County. – See https://www.dshs.state.tx.us/news/releases/20140703.aspx

Rabies:

rabiesAlert521d4-1Colorado 07/02/14 Yuma County: Officials have confirmed that a feral cat found near the Morgan Community College campus in Wray has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.yumapioneer.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=6060&Itemid=39

New York 07/02/14 Tompkins County: A bat captured earlier this week in Montgomery Park in the town of Dryden has tested positive for rabies. It is known, and was reported, that three children using sticks poked at the bat on Monday, but no one knows who the children are. Officials need to determine as soon as possible if any or all of these children were exposed to the virus. The health department urges anyone who had contact or knows of anyone who had contact with a bat in Montgomery Park in Dryden to immediately contact them at 607-274-6688. – See http://ithacavoice.com/2014/07/officials-scramble-find-kids-poked-rabid-bat-dryden-park/

 

ALASKA veterinarian says non-native DOG TICKS becoming major concern ~ HANTAVIRUS case confirmed in COLORADO ~ FLORIDA confirms HORSE positive for EEE ~ RABIES reports from COLORADO & IOWA.

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Alaska 04/20/14 newsminer.com: by Tim Mowry – When Linda Roberts told friends she was bitten by a tick while sleeping two years ago, they thought she was crazy. Everybody knows there aren’t any ticks in Alaska, they told her. When Roberts discovered a tick on her dog this week while giving it a bath, she felt vindicated. Disgusted, but vindicated. Roberts plucked the parasite off her dog, a little, white, fluffy American Eskimo named Angel, and put it in a Ziploc bag. The next day, she took it to Mt. McKinley Animal Hospital, where veterinarian Dr. Ben Kuhn confirmed that it was indeed a tick. “He was very surprised,” Roberts said of Kuhn’s reaction. “He’s been here for two years and hasn’t seen any sign of ticks.” Next, Roberts brought the tick in a baggie to the News-Miner. “This is news,” Roberts said, holding up a small Ziploc baggie with the tick, still alive, inside. “… I want to warn people what can happen to their pets.” Finally, Roberts took the tick to the Alaska Department of Fish and Game office on College Road and showed it to veterinarian Dr. Kimberlee Beckmen.

Rabbit or Hare Tick

Rabbit or Hare Tick

The discovery wasn’t news to Beckmen, though. The sole veterinarian for ADFG, Beckmen is well aware there are ticks in Alaska and there always have been. Ticks on small mammals like snowshoe hares, squirrels, lemmings, voles and birds are endemic to Alaska, she said. “I’ve been working for the department for 12 years, and from day one, I’ve had ticks coming in,” Beckmen said. “We’ve always had ticks on wildlife.” As it turned out, Beckmen identified the tick Roberts plucked from her dog as haemahysalis leporispalustris, otherwise known as the common rabbit tick, or as it’s called in Alaska where there are no rabbits, the hare tick. It is one of only two ticks, the other being the squirrel tick, that is native to Alaska. Hare ticks are commonly found on snowshoe hares in the spring and can carry a flu-like disease called tularemia, which can be spread to dogs, cats and even humans via a scratch or saliva. Pretty much every spring, a handful of dogs and cats around Fairbanks

Squirrel Tick

Squirrel Tick

are infected with tularemia as a result of picking up or sniffing a snowshoe hare that’s infected, Beckmen said. “It’s kind of an annual thing,” Beckmen said. While hare ticks prefer snowshoe hares as hosts, it’s not uncommon to find them on dogs or cats. Squirrel ticks are even more common on pets in Alaska, Beckmen said. “If a hungry tick can’t find a hare or a squirrel to get on and a dog or cat comes by, it’s going to suck on whatever mammal it can get a hold of,” she said.

I

American Dog Tick

American Dog Tick

n the past three years, Beckmen has found at least two other types of ticks that have taken up residence in the Last Frontier and appear to be here to stay: the American dog tick and brown dog tick. Both ticks have been found on dogs or cats that have never left the state, a sign the parasitic arachnids can — and are — surviving in Alaska. “They’re established, they’re breeding and they’re staying here,” Beckmen said. That’s bad news for pet owners. Ticks can and do carry and transmit diseases from animals to humans. The most common are tularemia, Lyme disease, Q fever and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. Currently, only tularemia and Q Fever are present in Alaska. Wildlife disease specialists also say the establishment of new ticks in Alaska poses a risk to all sorts of wildlife, from caribou to coyote to fox to moose to Sitka black-tailed deer to wolves. “It is a big concern because the populations of animals up here haven’t been exposed to these tick-borne diseases,” said Dr. Robert Gerlach, the state’s head veterinarian. “If we get a tick that comes up and now can survive in this environment, we can get disease spread in a wildlife or the human population we’re not used to, which could have drastic results. “Once you get a tick population started in a wildlife species, they continually spread disease through that wildlife population,” he said.

Brown Dog Tick

Brown Dog Tick

The two dog tick species found in Alaska were discovered as a result of a recent enhanced tick surveillance program by ADFG to look for moose winter tick, a serious threat to moose that has been found in the Yukon Territory. Using public service announcements and interdepartmental communication, Beckmen put word out to the public and to wildlife biologists around the state three years ago that she was looking for ticks. As a result, between June 2011 and October 2013 Beckmen collected 89 ticks representing 48 separate infestations.

Rocky Mountain Wood Tick

Rocky Mountain Wood Tick

The ticks came mostly from dogs, but also humans, cats, hares and marten. While no moose ticks were found, there were 10 cases of American dog ticks and 13 cases of brown dog ticks discovered on dogs or humans around the state, including Anchorage, Denali Park, Fairbanks, Juneau, Sitka, Valdez and Willow. One of the infestations involved a boarding kennel in Fairbanks — Beckmen declined to name it — that was, and still is, infested with brown dog ticks, which are the only tick in North America that lives indoors and are especially hard to eradicate, Beckmen said. Other cases involved houses that were infested with brown ticks. “We had one dog a person brought in that had 70 or 80 ticks,” she said. “The house is infested. There are ticks all over the pets and kids.”

Lone Star Tick

Lone Star Tick

In addition, specialists in a Georgia lab that Beckmen sent the tick specimens to identified two other non-native species of ticks found in Alaska — the Rocky Mountain wood tick was found on dogs in Anchorage and Sitka, while the lone star tick was found on dogs in Eagle River and Fairbanks. It’s just a matter of time and climate change before those ticks, and possibly others, gain a leg-hold in Alaska, Beckmen said. – For complete article see http://www.newsminer.com/news/local_news/fairbanks-incident-serves-as-reminder-that-ticks-live-in-alaska/article_245d85cc-c860-11e3-9fbd-0017a43b2370.html

Hantavirus:

Hantavirus2Colorado 04/22/14 krextv.com: by Travis Khachatoorian – A Garfield County resident is officially the first confirmed case of hantavirus in the area since 2012. There are very few details released on the confirmed case at this point. Officials haven’t released information on the status of the patient, or even what city the patient caught the virus in. “Usually what happens is you’re cleaning something, and the virus gets put into the air, and you breath it in, and you don’t really think much of it,” said immunization coordinator for Garfield County Danielle Yost. “Then usually anywhere from a couple days to a few weeks later you start getting flu like symptoms that rapidly deteriorate into the inability to breathe.” Symptoms include muscle aches, fatigue, high fever, dizziness, headaches, chills, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain which can eventually lead to death. Garfield County officials are concerned enough to call for citizen precautions, especially since it’s the spring cleaning season. The county Public Health Department is warning all residents to know how to protect themselves from this potentially deadly disease. The virus is usually carried in the Western Slope by the deer mouse. Officials urge any resident’s cleaning out garages, or other areas with rodent droppings or urine, to not sweep the mess but rather pour a bleach and water mix over the affected area. Always wear protective gloves and scoop up the mess with a paper towel. The first case of the mysterious disease started back in 1993 in the four corners region of Colorado, and the hantavirus has now spread across the western hemisphere. The CDC reports a 36 percent mortality rate for those with the disease. “There is no vaccine, no medication for it, your body basically has to fight it off on its own,” said Yost.

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

encephcycFlorida 04/23/14 Marion County: A horse stabled in the vicinity of Sparr has tested positive for infection with EEE. Area residents have been provided with tips and advice to protect them from the mosquitoes that spread the disease. – See http://www.ocala.com/article/20140423/ARTICLES/140429861

Rabies:

Colorado 04/23/14 Pueblo County: A Pueblo woman says a dog bit her at a local coffee shop and the dog’s owner vanished. The woman is now worried she might get sick with rabies. It happened on Sunday at the Starbucks off 4th Street, near Abriendo Avenue. Jane Garnett was enjoying a cup of coffee with a friend. She says when she came out of the Starbucks’ bathroom, she noticed two long haired dachshunds inside the store. She says they were both on leashes with a dark-haired woman and a young boy. Suddenly, one dog lashed at her. “They were just standing there in line, or around the line to get coffee and the dog bit at my pants and then bit at me in the café,” said Garnett. Garnett says when she tried confronting the woman, she vanished. Garnett says the bite made her bleed. “I feel like she should have stayed around to see how I was or whether I needed her information. I feel like she should have taken more responsibility for it,” said Garnett. Garnett says she’s now worried she could get rabies. “I hope the woman comes forward and tells me or not if the dog has been vaccinated.” The Pueblo County Health Department and Animal Services are working together to find out who the dog owner is. Garnett just wants to know if the dog is current on its vaccinations. If you know who the dog owner is, you’re encouraged to contact either agency. The Health Department says rabies symptoms most often develop between one to three months after the person is infected. We also spoke to road_sign_need_helpStarbucks. They say they only allow service dogs inside the store. – For photos see http://www.kktv.com/news/headlines/Dog-Bites-Woman-at-Coffee-Shop-Owner-Flees-256287611.html

Iowa 04/24/14 Scott County: Ten-year-old Annalee Bargmann may have to get rabies shots now after she was bit by a dog. The young girl was playing with a tennis ball Tuesday evening, April 22, 2014, near Garfield Elementary School in Davenport, Iowa, when she dropped the ball.  When she reached down to pick up the ball, a dog ran to the end of its retractable leash and bit Annalee on the leg. No one noticed she was bit until after she left the fields, because she hid the bite mark under a blanket. She said she loves animals and didn’t want to get the dog in trouble. She later told her grandmother about the incident, and her grandma called Annalee’s parents. “We immediately started looking around the park for a person matching the description,” said Annalee’s mother, Christina Bargmann. “We took her to the doctor the next day and she had a tetanus shot, but they told us she would have to get the rabies vaccination to be safe.” The dog that bit Anna was described as a rust-colored Dachshund.  The dog’s owner was described as heavy-set man in his 30s or 40s, with dark brown hair. He also may have had a small, white fluffy dog with him as well. If the family doesn’t hear from the dog owner by Friday, they will have to take Annalee to get rabies vaccinations. They ask anyone who has information on the dog and it’s owner to please contact Davenport Animal Control at 563-388-6655. – For video see http://wqad.com/2014/04/24/girl-hides-dog-bite-now-needs-rabies-shots/

TickEncounter Resource Center a website everyone should bookmark ~ CDC investigates three sudden cardiac deaths associated with LYME DISEASE ~ WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) and EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS (EEE) cases in HORSES taper off ~ RABIES reports from AZ, AR, & PA.

PreventionPartner_Default_Stamp_Cropped

images488605kNorth America 12/18/13: We’ve all had questions about tick bites, tick identification, tick removal, tickborne diseases, tick habitat, seasonal information about ticks, tick-bite prevention, and the relationship between ticks, deer and rodents. These are some of the topics addressed in the FAQ section of the University of Rhode Island’s TickEncounter Resource Center‘s web site. Dr. Thomas N Mather (a.k.a. the TickGuy) serves as director of URI’s Center for Vector-Borne Disease and its TickEncounter Resource Center. There’s nothing else I need to add here, but if you ever expect to have a tick-related question, you need to bookmark this site now. It is the most valuable resource focusing on ticks that I have ever seen.

Dr. Thomas Mather

Dr. Thomas Mather

I am so impressed with the TickEncounter Resource Center, that I have signed Natural Unseen Hazards on as a TickEncounter Prevention Partner. Please visit the center at http://www.tickencounter.org and before you leave the site, bookmark it. If you work or play in the great American outdoors, have outdoor pets, or just step outside once or twice a month to weed your garden or mow your lawn, you’ll be glad you did. Like TickEncounter on Facebook. Follow it on Twitter. Get TickSmart™ Stay TickSafe!

Lyme Disease:

tickhabitatNational 12/12/13 cdc.gov: Lyme carditis is a known but rare cause of sudden cardiac death. Lyme carditis can cause heart palpitations, chest pain, light-headedness, fainting, and shortness of breath in addition to the commonly recognized Lyme disease symptoms of fever, rash, and body aches. If you live in an area where Lyme disease is common and have these symptoms, see a healthcare provider immediately. Between November 2012 and July 2013, three young adults who lived in high-incidence Lyme disease regions suffered from sudden cardiac death associated with undiagnosed Lyme carditis.  Lyme carditis is a known, but rare cause of death in persons who have Lyme disease. – See http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6249a1.htm?s_cid=mm6249a1_w

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

TH-LEGACY-IMAGE-ID-355-vaccinationNational 12/16/13 thehorse.com: by Erica Lason – A recent update from the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) indicates that the nationwide case totals of (horses with) equine West Nile virus (WNV) and Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) are beginning to steady. According to a Dec. 12 update, 338 cases of WNV and 181 EEE cases have been reported across the country since the start of the year. In early November, the agency reported 296 WNV cases and 177 EEE in the United States since Jan. 1. Horses in at least 40 states have been confirmed positive for WNV so far this year. The APHIS report indicates that Texas (57), Oklahoma (41), and Montana (27) have reported the most equine WNV cases thus far . . . (H)orses in at least 22 states have tested positive for EEE thus far in 2013, the APHIS data indicates. South Carolina (49), Florida (34), and Mississippi (12) have reported the most cases so far this year. – See more at: http://www.thehorse.com/articles/33052/nationwide-wnv-eee-totals-steady-as-winter-approaches#sthash.F2egk8rc.dpuf

Rabies:

striped_skunkArizona 12/17/13 Santa Cruz County: State officials have issued a Rabies Alert after two skunks found in Tubac on December 2nd tested positive for the virus. A skunk found in Patagonia on November 11th, and another found in Rio Rico on August 23rd were also rabid. – See http://www.nogalesinternational.com/news/game-and-fish-reports-four-rapid-skunks-in-scc/article_c402e6e0-6752-11e3-8994-001a4bcf887a.html

straydogArkansas 12/16/13 Faulkner County: A stray dog that bit a person in Conway has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.thv11.com/news/article/291240/2/Rabid-dog-confirmed-in-Conway

raccoon880er0rPennsylvania 12/16/13 Warren County: Officials are seeking the identity of a woman who brought an oddly behaving raccoon to the Warren Animal Hospital in Lopatcong Township on November 29th. The woman left no contact information and the raccoon has since tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.nj.com/warrenreporter/index.ssf/2013/12/health_department_still_seekin.html

What to do if you meet up with a MOUNTAIN LION ~ NEW YORK reports first ever locally acquired case of DENGUE FEVER ~ HARVEST MOUSE trapped in CALIFORNIA tests positive for HANTAVIRUS ~ EEE & WNV reports from CAx2, & FL ~ RABIES reports from CT, FL, ME, NM, NC, & VAx2.

Bing free use license.

Bing free use license.

North America 11/17/13 scvnews.com: If you hunt, fish, hike, camp, stroll along country lanes, birdwatch, photograph wildlife, play or work in any capacity in North America’s great outdoors, you could meet up with a mountain lion anywhere, anytime without notice. What should you do?

dianne.erskine.hellrigel8788Dianne Erskine-Hellrigel’s short but jam-packed commentary on Encountering Cougars is well worth reading. She tells us which member of our group is most likely to be singled out for an attack, and she suggests what she considers the most effective methods of keeping everyone safe from harm. She separates some of the fact from some of the fiction; tells us what prey mountain lions prefer to hunt; where and when big cats like to hunt; how far they will travel for a good meal; and she tells us what we can do if a mountain lion does decide to attack, though such incidents are few and far between. Dianne Erskine-Hellrigel is executive director of the Community Hiking Club and president of the Santa Clara River Watershed Conservancy in California. – See http://scvnews.com/2013/11/17/encountering-cougars-commentary-by-dianne-erskine-hellrigel/

Dengue Fever:

Aedes Aegypti mosquito.

Aedes Aegypti mosquito.

New York 11/20/13 myfoxny.com: by Arun Kristian Das – A Long Island man came down with dengue virus back in September, according to health officials in Suffolk County. The 50-year-old man has since recovered. Dengue is a leading cause of illness and death in tropical and subtropical countries, according to the CDC. This was the first known case that someone in New York State has contracted dengue locally, health officials said. You get dengue virus from a (Aedes Aegypti) mosquito bite. That means he got the virus from a local mosquito that probably had previously bitten an infected traveler. “The exact route of transmission in this case is unknown,” Dr. James Tomarken, Suffolk County Commissioner of Health Services, said in a statement released to news outlets. “However, we have determined that this individual acquired dengue virus locally, as he had not traveled outside of the local metropolitan area during the incubation period.” Indeed, other recent dengue infections (from 2011 and 2012) are thought to have happened while those patients were travelling overseas.

dengue8900sdad;9Every year, as many as 100 million people are infected around the world, according to the CDC, which notes that symptoms include high fever, severe headache, severe pain behind the eyes, joint pain, muscle and bone pain, rash, and mild bleeding. No vaccine exists for dengue virus. Health officials say the best way to prevent mosquito-borne illness is to use insect repellent containing DEET on your skin and clothes when spending time outside during peak insect times and to keep your property clear of standing water, which allows mosquitoes to breed. – For original article, video and photos see http://www.myfoxny.com/story/24025119/officials-li-man-likely-contracted-dengue-virus-from-local-mosquito

Hantavirus:

Harvest mice.

Harvest mice.

California 11/20/13 San Diego County: A harvest mouse recently trapped in the southern part of Escondido has tested positive for hantavirus prompting officials to remind people of the dangers that rodents living in the wild can bring into their homes. According to the Department of Environmental Health, common house mice don’t carry the virus. – See http://scoopsandiego.com/news/local/harvest-mouse-tests-positive-for-hantavirus/article_042cb3e2-5234-11e3-8ac8-001a4bcf6878.html

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Kern_County_CACalifornia 11/19/13 Kern County: Officials confirmed on Tuesday that a 76-year-old male has become the first WNV-related fatality in the county this year. – See http://www.bakersfieldnow.com/news/health/Kern-County-health-officials-announce-West-Nile-virus-death-232537371.html

07cd7361057a7994e7e590e1fb0d3868ed6ff5ad-1California 11/18/13 Los Angeles County: Officials have confirmed that a male resident of Long Beach in his 70s has died due to complications associated with WNV. Long Beach has reported six human cases of the virus this year, but this is the first WNV-related fatality reported for 2013. There have been 8 WNV-related fatalities in the county this year. Statewide, there have been 349 human cases reported, including 13 fatalities, as of November 12, 2013. – See http://losangeles.cbslocal.com/2013/11/18/west-nile-claims-life-of-elderly-long-beach-man/

Bay_County_FLFlorida 11/18/13 Bay County: State officials have confirmed that another horse stabled in the county has tested positive for EEE. This is the second horse infected with the virus in the county this year. – See http://www.wmbb.com/story/24002745/health-department-confirms-case-of-eee-in-horse-in-bay-county

Rabies:

skunk20noseConnecticut 11/18/13 Fairfield County: An aggressive skunk that attacked two calves and a yak at the Stamford Museum & Nature Center in Stamford last week has tested positive for rabies. – See http://stamford.patch.com/groups/police-and-fire/p/rabid-skunk-attacks-stamford-museum–nature-center-animals

by_Svdmolen_WCFlorida 11/20/13 Palm Beach County: A sick raccoon caught in the Jupiter Farms area this week is the 13th animal testing positive for rabies in the county this year. – See http://www.palmbeachpost.com/news/news/local/raccoon-caught-in-jupiter-farms-tests-positive-for/nby5G/

11583105-largeMaine 11/20/13 Penobscot County: School officials in Lincoln warned parents on Nov 20th that a small group of children might have been exposed to rabies after a Mattanawcook Academy student was bitten by a bat near Ella P. Burr Elementary School last week. The bat has tested positive for rabies and a 17-year-old girl has been advised to seek immediate medical advice. The 17-year-old was warning a group of younger children to stay away from an injured bat and might have picked it up when it bit her. – See http://bangordailynews.com/2013/11/20/news/penobscot/lincoln-schools-warn-parents-after-student-bitten-by-rabid-bat/?ref=latest

Dog_1New Mexico 11/18/13 Valencia County: A 6-month-old pet dog that was reported for harassing livestock and killing chickens has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/6a5e72e5d22240d9a4f41ff734c5506c/NM–Rabies-New-Mexico

GE DIGITAL CAMERANorth Carolina 11/20/13 Durham County: A bat reported in a residence in the 4500 block of Ryan Street in the City of Durham is the 12th confirmed case of rabies in the county this year. – See http://www.wncn.com/story/24021581/12th-confirmed-cases-of-rabies-reported-in-durham

88e779r0eVirginia 11/20/13 Gloucester County: A raccoon that was in contact with an unvaccinated dog in the Roanes area on Nov 15th has tested positive for rabies. And on Oct 29th a skunk that was behaving abnormally in the Adner/Lee’s Neck Farm area was shot and tested positive for rabies. Two dogs exposed to the skunk were current on vaccinations. – See http://www.dailypress.com/news/gloucester-county/dp-nws-gloucester-rabies-cases-11-21-20131120,0,365185.story

520bc0501588c.preview-300Virginia 11/19/13 York County: A Rabies Alert has been issued for residents in the vicinity of Middle Road and Bradley Drive in the county’s Dandy area after a raccoon found in that area tested positive for the virus. – See http://wydaily.com/2013/11/19/rabid-raccoon-found-in-dandy-area-of-york-county/

WNV & EEE EQUINE case totals on the upswing ~ WEST NILE VIRUS (HUMAN) reports from CAx2, CO, SD, & TXx2 ~ RABIES reports from FL, MDx2, NJ, NY, SCx2, TX, & VA.

Bing free use license.

Bing free use license.

National 11/09/13 the horse.com: by Erica Larson – We’re firmly in fall and temperatures are dropping, but the number of confirmed equine West Nile virus (WNV) and Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) across the country is rising. Still, the case totals are lower than the number of cases reported last year in the United States. The USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) reported 296 WNV cases and 177 EEE cases as of Nov. 4. At the previous update (Sept. 25), the agency reported 157 WNV cases and 139 EEE cases.

BingFUL8839According to the APHIS disease maps, equine WNV has been confirmed in 38 states thus far in 2013. Texas (39), Oklahoma (30), and Montana (27) have reported the most cases this year. Meanwhile, 22 states in the eastern half of the country have reported EEE in horses so far this year. South Carolina (49), Florida (34), and Georgia (23) have reported the most cases, while the remaining states have all reported less than 15 cases, with most of them reporting six or fewer. Last year, a total of 627 equine WNV cases were confirmed in horses nationwide, while 209 EEE cases were reported. – For complete article see http://www.thehorse.com/articles/32846/wnv-eee-case-total-creeping-upwards

West Nile Virus (WNV):

07cd7361057a7994e7e590e1fb0d3868ed6ff5ad-1California 11/09/13 Yuba County: A male resident of Marysville, age 57, has been confirmed as the county’s first WNV-related fatality this year. – See http://www.appeal-democrat.com/news/local_news/article_f720a14a-4919-11e3-988b-001a4bcf6878.html

mapCAwnvCalifornia 11/05/13 CA Dept of Health: There were 20 new WNV human cases reported in California for the week preceding November 5th from the following counties: Contra Costa (1), Glenn (1), Los Angeles (8), Orange (3), Riverside (1), and Sacramento (6). 11 WNV-related fatalities have been reported in 2013 from Glenn (1), Los Angeles (7), Sacramento (1), San Bernardino (1), and San Joaquin (1) counties. 339 human cases from 29 counties have tested positive for WNV in 2013. – See http://westnile.ca.gov/

BoulderCounty_COColorado 11/04/13 Boulder County: Officials have confirmed that an 81-year-old Lafayette woman has died of WNV-related meningitis. Statewide, there have been 303 human cases of WNV reported this year, including six fatalities. – See http://www.timescall.com/longmont-local-news/ci_24452613/west-nile-virus-claims-lafayette-woman-81

SD-CA4MR6ELSouth Dakota 11/01/13 SD Dept of Health: State officials have confirmed that there have been 144 human cases of WNV statewide this year through October 31st. – For locations, ages, and other statistics see http://doh.sd.gov/documents/statistics/ID/Oct2013.pdf

Texas 11/06/13 Tarrant County: Officials have confirmed a second human case of WNV in the City of Arlington. – See http://myarlingtontx.comWest_Nile_Texas/2013/11/06/second-human-west-nile-virus-case-in-arlington-confirmed/

Texas 11/06/13 Dallas County: Officials of the City of Dallas have confirmed that the 7th human case of WNV found this year is in the 75217 ZIP code area and is the more severe neuro-invasive form of the disease. The case is also the 16th found in the county so far this season. – See http://www.nbcdfw.com/news/local/Dallas-Confirms-7th-Human-Case-of-West-Nile-Virus-230838301.htm

Rabies:

mamaraccooninwild_14965Florida 11/08/13 Palm Beach County: A raccoon that fought with a vaccinated dog in Jupiter Farms on Wednesday has tested positive for rabies. The dog’s owner separated the animals with a swimming pool net. There was no human 9536682-coon-hound-looking-up-isolated-on-blackcontact. – See http://www.palmbeachpost.com/news/news/local/raccoon-found-in-jupiter-farms-tests-positive-for-/nbm2X/

batPosterMaryland 11/07/13 Queen Anne’s County: Two bats have been found in an area between Sudlersville’s Middle  and Elementary schools during the past two weeks. One had deteriorated beyond testing, but the other, found Friday, tested positive for rabies. Anyone, especially children, who might have been in contact with either of these bats should seek immediate medical advice. – See http://www.stardem.com/easternshore/news/queen_annes_county/article_4d68974a-d93c-5ce5-add7-06880a18f851.html

Maryland 11/06/13 Anne Arundel County: A raccoon found along Harness Creek Trail in Quiet Waters Park in Annapolis on November 5th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wusa9.com/news/article/281608raccoon_OH_DNR/189/Raccoon-tested-positive-for-Rabies-in-Md

New Jersey 11/08/13 Middlesex County: A raccoon killed by a vaccinated dog in the vicinity of Oak and Maple avenues in Metuchen has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.mycentraljersey.com/article/20131108/NJNEWS/311080035/Raccoon-tests-positive-rabies-Metuchen

5704860-portrait-of-gray-fox-barkingNew York 11/06/13 Herkimer County: A gray fox that bit two residents in the town of Frankfort has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wktv.com/news/local/Herkimer-County-confirms-rabid-gray-fox-in-Town-of-Frankfort-230843941.html

IMG4336e-L-001South Carolina 11/06/13 Greenville County: A woman in the City of Greenville is being treated for potential exposure to rabies after a cat she came in contact with tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.foxcarolina.com/story/23893251/woman-exposed-to-rabies-by-cat-in-fountain-inn

1510832454_0c4d8e51f3_zSouth Carolina 11/04/13 Aiken County: A raccoon captured in the vicinity of Cherry Hills Drive in Aiken last Wednesday has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.aikenstandard.com/article/20131104/AIK0101/131109810/0/FRONTPAGE

skunk&petfood8877809Texas 11/05/13 Tarrant County: A skunk that was caught in the 400 block of Mountainview Drive in north Hurst last Friday has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.star-telegram.com/2013/11/05/5308480/rabies-confirmed-in-north-hurst.html?rh=1

17858296_BG1Virginia 11/07/13 York County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert for residents in the Jennings Drive area of the county after a raccoon found in the neighborhood tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.vagazette.com/news/newsletter/va-vg-rabid-raccoon-found-in-dare-section-of-york-county-20131107,0,4168269.story