Tag Archives: Tularemia

Soldier mauled by BROWN BEAR during training exercise in ALASKA ~ Second domestically acquired case of CHIKUNGUNYA FEVER confirmed in FLORIDA ~ Three more COLORADANS contract PLAGUE ~ COLORADAN tests positive for TULAREMIA.

Brown bear. Courtesy National Park Service, Yellowstone.

Brown bear. Courtesy National Park Service, Yellowstone.

Alaska 07/20/14 adn.com: by Michelle Theriault Boots – A National Guard soldier was mauled by a brown bear on Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson while participating in a training exercise Sunday morning, officials said. A JBER release said the soldier was mauled by a sow defending her cubs — the second such attack in just more than two months on the Anchorage base. The soldier was in stable condition as of Sunday afternoon. His name had not yet been released. The Alaska Army National Guard soldier was a participant in a daylong “land navigation exercise,” said Alaska National Guard spokeswoman Maj. Candis Olmstead. During the exercise, soldiers are given a compass and map and are timed as they navigate alone to hidden locations on the course. At about 11:45 a.m. the soldier was traveling through the woods when he encountered a sow with two cubs, Olmstead said. “He dropped to the ground, covered his head and remained still,” she said. The bear approached him, biting and “swatting” at him. After about 30 seconds, the bear retreated and the soldier blew a safety whistle, alerting medics stationed nearby, she said. Olmstead said the soldier was not armed at the time of the attack. She said she did not know if he was carrying bear spray. The soldier was taken to the base hospital for treatment. – For complete article see http://www.adn.com/article/20140720/soldier-stable-condition-after-jber-bear-attack

Chikungunya Fever:

Clhikungunya transmission cycle.

Clhikungunya transmission cycle.

Florida 07/18/14 Miami-Dade County: A second domestically acquired human case of chikungunya fever has been confirmed in Florida. The patient is a 41-year-old woman in Miami-Dade County who began experiencing symptoms on June 10th. A 50-year-old male resident of Palm Beach County first noticved symptoms on July 1st. Dr. Celeste Philip, a public health official, said both patients are doing well. More than 230 human cases of chikungunya fever have been reported in the U.S. this year, but all the others were travelers believed to have been infected elsewhere, most while traveling in the Caribbean. – See http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/health/2014/07/18/two-cases-chikungunya-fever-reported-in-florida-puerto-rico-declares-epidemic/

Plague:

USPlague70_12_611_pxWideColorado 07/18/14 CO Dept of Public Health: Media Release – Officials have identified three additional residents with plague, for a total of four human cases. All three had direct contact with a dog that died of the plague after most likely being exposed to a prairie dog or rabbit with plague-infected fleas in eastern Adams County. The first human case was infected after direct contact with the same dog. – See https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/cdphe/news-release-three-additional-colorado-residents-identified-plague

Tularemia:

us-reported-cases-of-tularemia-map.cdcCalifornia 07/17/14 San Diego County: A domestic cat belonging to residents of a home in San Marcos has tested positive for tularemia. Those who came in contact with the cat are being treated for exposure as a precaution. It is believed the cat contracted the disease from an infected wild animal as it lives in a rural area and spent time hunting rodents and rabbits. – See http://www.thevillagenews.com/story/79505/

Colorado 07/17/14 Broomfield County: A resident of the Pony Estates neighborhood of the City of Broomfield has tested positive for tularemia. Local officials said the resident was probably infected while removing dead rabbits previously found on the resident’s property. – See http://www.thedenverchannel.com/news/local-news/officials-suspect-broomfield-resident-was-infected-by-contact-with-dead-rabbits-in-yard

West Nile Virus (WNV):

CDC-LogoNational 07/15/14 guardianlv.com: by Beth Balen – Eighteen West Nile Virus (WNV) human infections have now been diagnosed in seven states, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Twelve of those cases are severe types of the virus, known as neuroinvasive disease, West Nile poliomyelitis or West Nile encephalitis or meningitis. A total of 23 states have reported finding the virus in birds and mosquitoes, as well as humans. . . Human infections of WNV are now reported in Arizona, California, Mississippi, Missouri, South Dakota, Tennessee and Texas. One death has been reported. – See http://guardianlv.com/2014/07/west-nile-virus-human-infections-now-in-seven-states/
 

FLORIDA WOMAN diagnosed with first locally acquired case of DENGUE FEVER this year ~ NEW MEXICO WOMAN contracts TULAREMIA ~ RABIES report from CT, NY & NC.

miamidade2

Florida 07/09/14 FL Dept of Health/Miami-Dade County: Media Release – Officials have confirmed the first locally acquired case of Dengue Fever in the county so far this year. The individual has fully recovered. – See http://www.dadehealth.org/public/PUBLICnewsarticle.asp?newsID=2219&typeID=&news_type=Press+Releases

Author’s Note: According to Local10 News, the individual is a 50-year-old woman, and there were 23 confirmed cases of locally acquired dengue in Florida last year. – See http://www.local10.com/news/dengue-fever-case-confirmed-in-miamidade-county/26864992

Tularemia:

ico_TularemiaNew Mexico 07/10/14 krwg.org: State officials today confirmed a case of tularemia in a 65-year-old female resident of Bernalillo County. The woman was hospitalized but has since recovered. At least 7 household pets have also been diagnosed with tularemia so far this year, 4 dogs and 3 cats from Santa Fe, Bernalillo and Los Alamos counties. – See http://krwg.org/post/serious-illness-found-people-and-pets-new-mexico

Rabies:

6183687956_0905f1bf96_oConnecticut 07/09/14 New Haven County: A 3-month-old gray tabby kitten that bit two people has tested positive for rabies. The kitten was found screeching and acting strangely on a lawn along Hickory Road in Derby on July 5th. About ten others have had direct contact with the kitten’s saliva and other body fluids, and at least three dogs were also exposed. – See http://wtnh.com/2014/07/09/several-come-in-contact-with-rabid-kitten/

help7689New York 07/10/14 Erie County: Steve Goodwin of Buffalo is looking for the owner(s) of a pit bull that attacked his dog on July 6th in the Nottingham Woods area of Delaware Park, near Lincoln Parkway. Goodwin grabbed the pit bull by the mouth to free his dog. which was being bitten on the throat. Now his concern is whether or not the pit bull has been vaccinated for rabies. The two people the pit bull was with drove away without providing Goodwin with any information. – For more details see http://wivb.com/2014/07/09/couple-searches-for-pit-bull-owner-after-attack/

redfox-aug09North Carolina 07/08/14 Cumberland County: A fox that attacked a woman, her 2-year-old son and their dog on July 6th at the family’s home on Spinnaker Drive in Hope Mills has tested positive for rabies. The family was playing with the dog when the fox attacked first biting the mother, and then attacking the dog. – See video and complete article at http://www.wncn.com/story/25965704/toddler-attacked-by-rabid-fox-in-hope-mills?clienttype=generic&mobilecgbypass

COLORADIAN and his DOG contract PLAGUE likely after exposure to infected PRAIRIE DOG ~ Another ALASKAN jogger attacked by GRIZZLY ~ HANTAVIRUS infects two TEXANS and kills an OKLAHOMAN ~ CAT in CALIFORNIA infected with TULAREMIA ~ WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) report from LOUISIANA ~ Unusual RABIES report from NEW YORK.

Prairie Dog. Photo by Jeff Kubina. Wikimedia Commons.

Prairie Dog. Photo by Jeff Kubina. Wikimedia Commons.

Colorado 07/09/14 CO Dept of Public Health & Environment: Media Release – Officials have confirmed that a resident and his dog have tested positive for plague. “The patient and the dog may have been exposed in eastern Adams County. Plague is spread from fleas on rodents, most commonly prairie dogs. People walking in open spaces and trails should avoid contact with rodents.” – For symptoms, precautions and complete media release see https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/cdphe/news-release-pneumonic-plague-found-colorado-resident-and-pet-dog

Grizzly:

img_home_sow_n_cubsAlaska 07/07/14 Bird Valley: For the third time in two months a grizzly has attacked a person in Alaska. The latest incident involves a 59-year-old woman who was jogging near her home in the Bird Valley village of Indian south of Anchorage when two nearly grown cubs emerged from brush along the roadside, then she was hit from behind by their mother. Fortunately, all three of the bears then left the area and she was able to call for help on her cell phone. The woman had been wearing in-ear headphones and was not carrying bear spray. The trail, part of a system of trails in Chugach State Park, will be closed for a week in keeping with state policy. The valley borders Bird and Penguin creeks, which will soon be filled with salmon, a major attraction to hungry bears.- For complete article see http://www.adn.com/article/20140707/woman-suffers-serious-injuries-bear-mauling-near-anchorage

Hantavirus:

hantavirus5667546Texas 07/08/14 myhighplains.com: Two recent cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome have been confirmed in residents of the Panhandle and South Plains. – See http://www.myhighplains.com/story/d/story/-/jsmVHVDCiESAt_sWBATVRw?PreviewStory=true

Oklahoma 07/08/14 Texas County: Officials have confirmed that a resident of the northwestern part of the state died of hantavirus disease in May. – See http://www.myhighplains.com/story/d/story/-/ck9VtQjsnkOpGFBYTP78hw?PreviewStory=true

Tularemia:

80ab05b3670e2bdcb7165060f8167dfd (2)California 07/08/14 North County: Officials have confirmed that a domestic cat housed in the county has been diagnosed with tularemia, also known as rabbit fever, a potentially dangerous bacterial disease that humans can contract. The cat spent a lot of time outside hunting and likely contracted the disease from an infected rodent. All of those who have been in contact with the cat, and of course the cat itself, are all being treated with antibiotics. – See http://www.10news.com/news/county-health-officials-issue-alert-after-cat-contracts-tularemia-also-known-as-rabbit-fever

West Nile Virus (WNV):

LA-DHHLouisiana 07/08/14 LA Dept of Health & Hospitals: Media Release – Three cases of WNV were recently confirmed in Livingston Parish and were all asymptomatic, meaning these individuals did not know they were infected, and only found out while donating blood or having blood work. About 90 percent of all cases are asymptomatic, while about 10 percent will develop West Nile fever. Only a very small number of infected individuals will show the serious symptoms associated with the neuroinvasive disease. Residents who are 65 years old and older are at higher risk for complications, but everyone is at risk for infection. – See http://www.dhh.louisiana.gov/index.cfm/newsroom/detail/3062

Rabies:

5704860-portrait-of-gray-fox-barkingNew York 07/07/14 Onondaga County: A gray fox that attacked and repeatedly bit a pregnant woman outside her home at 112 Dutton Avenue in Nedrow has tested positive for rabies. The woman had just returned home from a doctor’s appointment with her 3-year-old son and found the fox chasing her cat in circles in her yard. Then it turned on her. At one point she fell and the fox sunk its teeth deeply into her arm but she managed to tear herself loose and rush her son to safety inside the house. The fox, which continued to hurl itself against the screen door trying to get in, was finally shot by a deputy when it turned and attacked an ambulance that had been summoned. The woman had been bitten at least seven times and required stitches as well as post-exposure rabies shots administered immediately as a precaution. The CDC says studies have indicated no increased risk of fetal abnormalities associated with rabies vaccination during pregnancy. – For photos and complete article see http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2014/07/pregnant_nedrow_woman_fends_off_rabid_fox_after_animal_attacks_and_repeatedly_bi.html

 

Will the CHIKUNGUNYA VIRUS become a threat in the U.S.? Scientist says “it’s only a matter of time”. ~ TULAREMIA killing RABBITS in COLORADO ~ FLORIDA reports five HORSES down with EEE ~ WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) reports from CO, SD & TX ~ RABIES reports from CO & NY.

Aedes aegypti biting human. Courtesy U.S. Dept of Agriculture.

Aedes aegypti biting human. Courtesy U.S. Dept of Agriculture.

Global 07/01/14 nationalgeographic.com: by Karen Weintraub – Chikungunya (pronounced chick-un-GOON-ya) has plagued other parts of the world—particularly Asia and Africa—for decades, becoming more prevalent in recent years. But it arrived in the Caribbean only in December and has already infected as many as 250,000 people there. The virus is generally not lethal and can’t pass from person to person. But the pain it brings can be horrible—some who have weathered its wrath have said they wished the virus had killed them. In rare cases, the agony can last for months or even years. Public health officials in the Caribbean are struggling to contain the outbreak, in part because of the difficulty of limiting mosquito breeding grounds and because the disease is so new to the area. Paola Lichtenberger, director of the Tropical Medicine Program at the University of Miami, says she is sure the epidemic is more widespread than official numbers suggest simply because making the diagnosis is so difficult. Public health officials in the U.S. and around the world, meanwhile, are tracking cases carefully and encouraging people in affected areas to take precautions to avoid infections and to clean up areas of standing water. Airports in ten major American East Coast cities with Caribbean-bound flights have posted warnings to passengers about chikungunya.

81343_990x742-cb1404168438So far, 73 American travelers have brought the disease home from abroad and another 15 have been infected by mosquitoes in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, though it hasn’t yet reached mosquitoes in the continental United States. But it’s only a matter of time before that happens, according to Lichtenberger, who has helped treat three chikungunya patients since the outbreak began. – For complete article see http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/07/140701-chikungunya-caribbean-mosquitoes-world-health/?rptregcta=reg_free_np&rptregcampaign=20140623_t1_rw_membership_r1p_us_dr_w

Tularemia:

colojackColorado 07/04/14 Larimer County: Officials confirmed on July 3rd that a rabbit found in Fort Collins has tested positive for tularemia, aka Rabbit Fever, a bacterial infection that is potentially life-threatening to humans. A die-off of rabbits has been reported in the area over the past few weeks. – For complete article including risks, symptoms and precautions see http://www.coloradoan.com/story/news/2014/07/03/tularemia-found-southeast-fort-collins-area-rabbit/12205939/

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

eee-threat-249x187Florida 07/03/14 wcjb.com: A fifth horse has tested positive for EEE in North Central Florida. Three of the infected horses were reported stabled in Marion County, and two in Alachua County. – See http://www.wcjb.com/local-news/2014/07/fifth-case-eastern-equine-encephalitis-north-central-florida

West Nile Virus (WNV):

1184134480-mosquito2Colorado 07/03/14 CO Dept of Public Health & Environment: Officials have confirmed the state’s first two human cases of WNV so far this year reported in Saguache and Pueblo counties. – See https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/cdphe/news-release-human-cases-west-nile-virus-identified-colorado

South Dakota 07/03/14 SD Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed two new human cases of WNV in Codington and Lincoln counties. – See http://doh.sd.gov/diseases/infectious/wnv/documents/WestNileupdates2014.pdf

Texas 07/03/14 TX Dept of State Health: Officials have confirmed the state’s first human case of WNV this year was reported in Travis County. – See https://www.dshs.state.tx.us/news/releases/20140703.aspx

Rabies:

rabiesAlert521d4-1Colorado 07/02/14 Yuma County: Officials have confirmed that a feral cat found near the Morgan Community College campus in Wray has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.yumapioneer.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=6060&Itemid=39

New York 07/02/14 Tompkins County: A bat captured earlier this week in Montgomery Park in the town of Dryden has tested positive for rabies. It is known, and was reported, that three children using sticks poked at the bat on Monday, but no one knows who the children are. Officials need to determine as soon as possible if any or all of these children were exposed to the virus. The health department urges anyone who had contact or knows of anyone who had contact with a bat in Montgomery Park in Dryden to immediately contact them at 607-274-6688. – See http://ithacavoice.com/2014/07/officials-scramble-find-kids-poked-rabid-bat-dryden-park/

 

FLORIDA woman attacked by BLACK BEAR ~ TICK taken from CALIFORNIA park carrying TULAREMIA ~ IOWA reports first case of CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE in a wild DEER ~ RABIES reports from CT, GAx2, MA, NH, NJx2, NYx2, NC, TXx4, VT, VA & WI.

Black bear. Courtesy freepik.com.

Black bear. Courtesy freepik.com.

Florida 04/13/14 Seminole County: Officials are investigating a black bear attack that occurred in Lake Mary on April 12th around 8 p.m. Firefighters say they were called to a home at 1900 Brackenhurst Place after one of five bears rooting through trash at the residence attacked a woman identified as Terri Franna who was taken to a local hospital for treatment and later released. Wildlife officials say they have since put down four bears that did not appear to be fearful of humans, which is considered dangerous. The director of the state’s bear management programs said bears are looking for food this time of year and, if they can’t find it in your neighborhood, they’ll move on. – See http://www.clickorlando.com/news/woman-attacked-by-bear-in-lake-mary/25453094

Tularemia:

th777389546ddCalifornia 04/10/14 San Diego County: Officials have issued a warning to hikers and others who work or play in the great outdoors that a tick taken during routine monitoring in Los Penasquitos Canyon Preserve, an urban park in San Diego, has tested positive for tularemia, also known as “rabbit fever”. Ticks in the U.S. that can transmit the F. tularensis bacteria include the dog, wood and long star varieties. Deer flies can also transmit the bacteria. Tularemia can be very difficult to diagnose. It is a rare but potentially serious disease. During 2001-2010, a total of 1,208 cases were reported from a total of 47 states, but more than half of the total number of cases were in MO, AR, OK, MA, SD and KS. – See http://poway.patch.com/groups/around-town/p/county-urges-public-to-protect-against-ticks-after-tularemia-find-poway

Author’s Note: For more information about Tularemia see http://www.cdc.gov/tularemia/index.html

Chronic Wasting Disease:

CWD-TitleIowa 04/09/14 IA Dept of Natural Resources: Media Release – The first case of chronic wasting disease (CWD) in a wild Iowa deer has been confirmed. The deer was reported as harvested in Allamakee County during the first shotgun season in early December. The Iowa Department of Natural Resources is currently working to obtain as much information as possible about the infected deer to implement its CWD response plan. “We have been testing for CWD in Iowa’s deer herd for more than a decade and are optimistic, given the extensive data we have collected, that we have caught this early,” said Chuck Gipp, DNR director. “The next step will be to focus our monitoring efforts in the area where the animal was harvested and work closely with local landowners and hunters to gather more information.” said Gipp.

Deer infected with CWD.

Deer infected with CWD.

CWD is a neurological disease affecting primarily deer and elk. It is caused by an abnormal protein, called a prion that attacks the brains of infected animals, causing them to lose weight, display abnormal behavior and lose bodily functions. Signs include excessive salivation, thirst and urination, loss of appetite, progressive weight loss, listlessness and drooping ears and head. The only reliable test for CWD requires testing of lymph nodes or brain material. There is currently no evidence that humans can contract CWD by eating venison. However, the National Institute of Health and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that hunters do not eat the brain, eyeballs or spinal cord of deer and that hunters wear protective gloves while field dressing game and boning out meat for consumption. Prior to the positive detection in Iowa, CWD had been detected in every bordering state.

Rabies:

batinlaundryConnecticut 04/07/14 New London County: A bat captured in a Gales Ferry home on April 4th in the Eagle Ridge Drive area of Ledyard has tested positive for rabies. – See http://groton.patch.com/groups/around-town/p/bat-captured-in-gales-ferry-tests-positive-for-rabies-groton

Georgia 04/11/14 Hall County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert for the Persimmon Tree Road area after a raccoon that was in contact with a dog tested positive for the virus. This is the fifth confirmed case of rabies found in the county this year. – See http://www.gainesvilletimes.com/section/6/article/98112/

Georgia 04/10/14 Henry County: A raccoon that was killed by a dog on April 2nd in the City of McDonough has tested positive for rabies. Officials have issued a city-wide quarantine. – See http://www.myfoxatlanta.com/story/25214076/henry-county-issues-rabies-quarantine-88e779r0efor-mcdonough#axzz2ydBtnx7b

Massachusetts 04/07/14 Middlesex County: A skunk found near the Framingham/Southborough town line has tested positive for rabies. – See http://framingham.wickedlocal.com/article/20140407/NEWS/140406953

4541357140foxNew Hampshire 04/11/14 Rockingham County: A fox that attacked two children at the Don Ball Park in Derry on April 10th has tested positive for rabies. The animal knocked a boy down, and then bit a 5-year-old girl after she came down a slide. Police and wildlife officials finally cornered the animal in nearby woods and killed it, but in the interim the fox also attacked a porcupine and dog. – See http://www.wmur.com/news/fox-that-attacked-children-tests-positive-for-rabies/25438202

New Jersey 04/11/14 Monmouth County: Health officials have issued a Rabies Alert for the Middletown area after two raccoons tested positive for the virus this week. The first was found in the vicinity of Michael Drive off Nutswamp Road, and the second was found in the vicinity of Essex Street and Bray Avenue in the northern section of the township. – See http://www.ahherald.com/newsbrief/local-news/17351-rabies-alert-in-middletown

111009110345_Raccoon3 - CopyNew Jersey 04/09/14 Hunterdon County: A raccoon captured in the vicinity of Brown Street in Flemington has tested positive for rabies. The animal might have been in contact with several stray cats in the area. – See http://www.nj.com/hunterdon-county-democrat/index.ssf/2014/04/raccoon_cuaght_in_flemington_t.html

New York 04/11/14 Niagara County: A raccoon killed by two dogs on Stone Road in Hartland has tested positive for rabies. – http://wivb.com/2014/04/11/niagara-co-reports-first-rabies-case-of-2014/

rabidcatNew York 04/07/14 Oneida County: A man who tried to help what he thought was an injured cat was bitten on the hand last week when he picked the animal up. The cat later tested positive for rabies and the victim is receiving post-exposure treatment. – See http://www.wktv.com/news/local/Oneida-County-man-exposed-to-rabies-by-injured-cat-254233751.html

GA_Gray_Fox_6869North Carolina 04/10/14 Cumberland County: A fox that attacked two unvaccinated dogs on April 9th outside their owner’s home on Lake Upchurch Road in Parkton has tested positive for rabies. The owner of the dogs is being treated for potential exposure to virus when he grabbed the fox and broke its neck. – See http://www.fayobserver.com/news/local/article_3ca95f9e-f7c3-5939-99fa-678cb761daaf.html

Texas 04/11/14 Wichita County: A second skunk has tested positive for rabies in the city of Wichita Falls within two weeks. The first was in the southern part of the city while this latest case is in the northern sector. – See http://www.timesrecordnews.com/news/2014/apr/10/second-case-rabies-wichita-falls/

2195804032_bb25565f77-copyTexas 04/11/14 Young County: Two skunks found in the City of Graham have tested positive for rabies. One was found near Pioneer Cemetery and the other in the northeast part of the city. – See http://www.grahamleader.com/ci_25546497/rabies-cases-reported-graham

Texas 04/10/14 McClellan County: A skunk found in the 600 block of Regina Drive in Hewitt on April 7th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.kcentv.com/story/25206822/skunk-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-hewitt

Texas 04/08/14 Bell County: A skunk that scratched a dog in the 4500 block of Lonesome Dove in Killeen has tested positive for rabies. – http://www.kxxv.com/story/25197702/rabid-skunk-spurs-caution-in-bell-county

lottaraccoons - CopyVermont 04/11/14 Chittenden County: Four raccoons trapped in Burlington and South Burlington in the last ten days have all tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.boston.com/news/local/vermont/2014/04/11/animal-rabies-found-near-vermont-largest-city/OTbD8fi44nBSYDmPkeRrDO/story.html

Rabid-cat-4-11-14 VaVirginia 04/11/14 Virginia Beach: A stray cat that was following children waiting for the school bus in the 1200 block of Warwick Drive has tested positive for rabies. Anyone who came in contact with the cat is advised to seek medical advice immediately. – See http://wavy.com/2014/04/11/cat-found-near-school-bus-stop-tests-positive-for-rabies/

help7689Wisconsin 04/09/14 Marathon County: Officials are looking for the owner of a large Rottweiler-type dog that bit a seven-year-old boy around 7:30 p.m. on April 8th near the corner of S. 5th Avenue and West Street in Wausau. The dog was wearing a dark green or black harness and was being walked by a woman with brown, shoulder length hair. She is believed to have been in her 30s and was wearing running pants and a bright pink shirt. Anyone with information should call the health department at (715) 849-7785. – http://www.wsaw.com/home/headlines/Health-Dept-Searching-for-Dog-to-Prevent-Boy-from-going-through-Rabies-Shots-254575171.html?ref=171

 

Four MASSACHUSETTS island residents diagnosed with TULAREMIA ~ WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) reports from LA, & NJ ~ RABIES ORAL VACCINE BAIT reports from the U.S. Dept of Agriculture.

Eastern Cottontail is the most common rabbit found on Nantucket Island. Photo courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Eastern Cottontail is the most common rabbit found on Nantucket Island. Photo courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Massachusetts 09/03/13 ack.net: by Jason Graziadei – Four island residents have been diagnosed with the infectious disease tularemia, commonly known as rabbit fever, according to the Nantucket Health Department. Town officials are urging island residents to avoid touching dead rabbits or other small animals, or approaching any animal that appears to be disoriented or sluggish. The Health Department is also advising landscapers to wear respirator masks when cutting grass over six inches tall to reduce the risk of exposure in the event a hidden animal is struck and the bacteria becomes aerosolized. Tularemia, caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis, can be transmitted to humans who handle sick or deceased animals or are bitten by infected ticks or deer flies, according to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It can also be transmitted by inhaling contaminated dusts or aerosols.

CapeCodTownsThe disease, which can cause fever, skin ulcers, pneumonia, and is potentially life-threatening in rare cases, is most often treated and controlled successfully with antibiotics. “We need the public to be aware,” Nantucket Health Department director Richard Ray said. “If there’s a dead animal near the side of the road, ignore it, do not let your animal go near it, and call the DPW to remove it. Please be careful about where your lawnmower goes and what it runs over. We’ve had a few cases over the years, but not four at one time.”  – See: http://www.ack.net/Tularemiadiagnosedinfourislandresidents090313.htm#sthash.qSvgYTzP.dpuf

West Nile Virus (WNV):

LA-DHHLouisiana 08/30/13 LA Dept of Health: Officials are reporting eight new human cases of WNV this week, bringing this year’s total number of human cases to 21. This week’s new infections include four cases of West Nile neuro-invasive disease, one each from Caldwell, Lafayette, Ouachita and Rapides parishes and four cases of West Nile fever, with two cases from Lafayette parish and one each from Calcasieu and Ouachita. – See http://www.dhh.louisiana.gov/index.cfm/newsroom/detail/2859

NJDOH-LogoNew Jersey 09/03/13 NJ Dept of Health: Officials have announced that two residents have died of complications related to WNV. A 78-year-old Gloucester County woman developed fever, blurred vision, weakness and diarrhea in mid-August, was hospitalized and died on August 24. The death was reported to the state Health Department today. A 92-year-old man from Morris County developed fever and muscle weakness in mid-August, was admitted to the hospital with encephalitis (swelling of the brain) and died on August 31. Six New Jersey residents have tested positive for WNV: One each in Bergen, Burlington, Gloucester and Morris counties and two in Camden County. All counties except Cumberland and Salem have detected WNV activity in mosquitoes. – See http://www.state.nj.us/health/news/2013/approved/20130903b.html

Rabies:

Photo courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Photo courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

NH, NY, OH, VT, WV 09/03/13 US Dept of Agriculture: The U.S. Department of Agriculture is tossing marshmallow-flavored plastic packets of rabies vaccine out of airplanes in northern New York and parts of Vermont, New Hampshire, Ohio, and West Virginia. The work is part of a third U.S. field trial of a vaccine to control rabies in raccoons, skunks and other wildlife. Biologists are evaluating the safety and immune effects of the vaccine. So far, they’ve found it effective in raccoons, coyotes and foxes, but it hasn’t proven effective in combating rabies in skunks. The plastic blister packs are being distributed this month by airplane drop and by people on the ground. The olive green rectangular packets are a little bigger than a quarter. The USDA says pets won’t be harmed if they find and eat a vaccine packet.

usda.wildlife.servicesME, NH, NY, VT 09/02/13 US Dept of Agriculture: The Wildlife Services program of the U.S. Department of Agriculture is distributing an oral rabies vaccination bait to inoculate wildlife and help stop the further spread of rabies. The Plattsburgh project will cover parts of New York, Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont and distribute 372,900 baits by fixed-wing aircraft and 4,680 by hand. – See http://pressrepublican.com/0100_news/x335461355/Rabies-baits-being-dropped-in-area

CALIFORNIA scientists identify new CATTLE VIRUS ~ NEW MEXICO teen has first human case of PLAGUE in U.S. this year ~ COLORADO child exposed to RABBIT with TULAREMIA ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS & WEST NILE VIRUS reports from IN, MN, NM, & SC ~ RABIES reports from AL, FL, PA, & VT.

Guernsey cow. Courtesy of U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Guernsey cow. Courtesy of U.S. Department of Agriculture.

National 08/13/13 ucdavis.edu: A new cow virus that causes neurologic symptoms reminiscent of mad cow disease has been identified and its genome sequenced by a team of researchers including scientists at the University of California, Davis. While this particular new virus is unlikely to pose a threat to human health or the food supply, the new findings are critically important because they provide researchers with a relatively simple diagnostic tool that can reassure both ranchers and consumers by ruling out bovine spongiform encephalopathy — mad cow disease — as the cause of neurologic symptoms when they appear in cattle. Results of the study appear online in the September issue of the Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal, published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

banner_01In this new study, Dr. Patricia Pesavento, a veterinary pathologist in the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, and other researchers analyzed brain tissue from a yearling steer with neurologic symptoms of unknown cause. Through this analysis, they discovered a new virus that belongs to the astrovirus family.

Dr. Patricia Pesavento

Dr. Patricia Pesavento

Further study of brain tissue samples, preserved from earlier examinations of 32 cattle with unexplained neurologic symptoms, revealed the presence of this astrovirus in three of those animals. The researchers used “metagenomic” techniques to sequence this astrovirus species — now referred to as BoAstV0NeuroS. – For complete news release see http://news.ucdavis.edu/search/news_detail.lasso?id=10688

Plague:

Media.aspxNew Mexico 08/12/13 NM Department of Health: State officials have confirmed that a 15-year-old male from Torrance County has the first human case of plague reported in the United States this year. The boy is currently hospitalized in stable condition. Plague is a bacterial disease of rodents and is generally transmitted to humans through the bites of infected fleas, but can also be transmitted by direct contact with infected animals, including rodents, wildlife and pets.- For complete news release see http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20130812-Plague-EN.pdf

Tularemia:

Colorado rabbit NPSColorado 08/15/13 Pueblo County: Public health officials confirmed Thursday a rabbit caught in the 1000 block of West Saginaw Drive in Pueblo West that had been in contact with a child has tested positive for tularemia. – See http://www.kktv.com/news/elevenforhealth/headlines/Rabbit-Tests-Positive-For-Tularemia-In-Pueblo-West-219832021.html

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

IN-DH-B-W-LogoIndiana 08/13/13 IN Department of Health: Health officials continue to encourage Hoosiers to take steps to protect themselves from WNV and other mosquito-borne diseases after mosquito samples from 35 counties have now tested positive for the virus. There has been one human case of WNV in Ripley County and one equine case in Adams County. Counties with WNV-infected mosquitoes include: Adams, Allen, Carroll, Clinton, Daviess, Delaware, DeKalb, Grant, Hamilton, Jay, Jefferson, Knox, Kosciusko, LaGrange, Lake, Marion, Marshall, Martin, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Newton, Noble, Ohio, Parke, Steuben, Sullivan, Tippecanoe, Tipton, Starke, St. Joseph, Vanderburgh, Vigo, White and Whitley. – For complete news release see http://www.in.gov/activecalendar/EventList.aspx?view=EventDetails&eventidn=119373&information_id=186576&type=&syndicate=syndicate

mn-dhlogocolorMNMinnesota 08/14/13 MN Department of Health: State officials have confirmed the first WNV-related human fatality in the state this year. A male resident of Murray County died last week. Sixteen human cases of WNV, including one fatality, have been reported statewide so far this year. – See http://roseville.patch.com/groups/summer/p/west-nile-virus-claims-first-minnesota-victim_b68297b7

NM_image_miniNew Mexico 08/13/13 NM Department of Health: Officials have confirmed that an 83-year-old male from Curry County is the state’s first WNV-related fatality so far this year. A 66-year-old female from Curry County also tested positive for the virus, but she is recovering. New Mexico’s first case of West Nile infection this year was in a 13-year-old male from San Juan County who has recovered. – See http://www.kdbc.com/news/nm-department-health-announces-first-west-nile-death-2013

vaccinationSouth Carolina 08/14/13 SC State Veterinarian: Officials have confirmed 25 cases of EEE in horses statewide since June 28th, 7 of the cases were reported during the past week. About 90% of infected horses die, but EEE is preventable in horses by vaccination. – See http://www.greenvilleonline.com/article/20130814/NEWS/308140026/Horse-virus-cases-up?nclick_check=1

Rabies:

GrayFoxApr04NFlaAlabama 08/14/13 Chilton County: A fox that was reported acting strangely and aggressively on Wednesday by a resident on Old Thorsby Road in Clanton has tested positive for rabies. – http://www.clantonadvertiser.com/2013/08/14/fox-infected-with-rabies-found-in-clanton/

111009110345_Raccoon3 - CopyFlorida 08/14/13 St. Johns County: A raccoon that bit a man in the leg Saturday in a McDonald’s parking lot in the 2400 block of U.S. 1 South in St. Augustine has tested positive for rabies. – See http://staugustine.com/news/local-news/2013-08-14/health-department-issues-rabies-alert-st-johns-county#.Ug059W3DK5c

Bat 1on sidewalkPennsylvania 08/14/13 Montgomery County: A bat found August 10th in the 300 block of Manor Avenue in Plymouth Meeting has tested positive for rabies. – See http://norristown.patch.com/groups/around-town/p/bat-tests-positive-for-rabies_0ccf156e

275899Vermont 08/14/13 western border and Chittendon County: An aerial rabies bait drop will begin August 19th into carefully plotted corridors of remote lowland areas and valleys along the Vermont border and northern Chittendon County. Bait packets will be distributed by hand in urban areas. The baits are described as a dark green, sweet-smelling, vanilla-coated blister pack. Officials say the baits are not harmful to children or pets if touched or eaten, but the pellets should not be handled or disturbed. – See http://rutlandherald.com/article/20130814/NEWS03/708149881

Scientists scramble to solve NOVEL CORONAVIRUS mystery ~ NEBRASKA and NEW MEXICO issue TULAREMIA ALERTS ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS reports from AL, FL, GA, & SC ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CAx2, IL, IN, MA, NEx2, TXx3, & WI ~ RABIES reports from AL, KS, MT, RI, & TX.

This is not Earth revolving around the sun. It's a transmission electron micrograph of a novel coronavirus associated with MERS. Courtesy of NIAID, National Institutes of Health.

This is not a bright yellow sun shining on a red planet.. It’s a transmission electron micrograph of a novel coronavirus associated with MERS. Courtesy of NIAID, National Institutes of Health.

Global 07/01/13 nytimes.com: by Denise Grady – As the scientists peered into the darkness, their headlamps revealed an eerie sight. Hundreds of eyes glinted back at them from the walls and ceiling. They had discovered, in a crumbling, long-abandoned village half-buried in sand near a remote town in southwestern Saudi Arabia, a roosting spot for bats. It was an ideal place to set up traps. The search for bats is part of an investigation into a deadly new viral disease that has drawn scientists from around the world to Saudi Arabia. The virus, first detected there last year, is known to have infected at least 77 people, killing 40 of them, in eight countries. The illness, called MERS, for Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome, is caused by a coronavirus, a relative of the virus that caused SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), which originated in China and caused an international outbreak in 2003 that infected at least 8,000 people and killed nearly 800.

Bats_NPSAs the case count climbs, critical questions about MERS remain unanswered. Scientists do not know where it came from, where the virus exists in nature, why it has appeared now, how people are being exposed to it, or whether it is becoming more contagious and could erupt into a much larger outbreak, as SARS did. The disease almost certainly originated with one or more people contracting the virus from animals — probably bats — but scientists do not know how many times that kind of spillover to humans has occurred, or how likely it is to keep happening. There is urgency to the hunt for answers. Half the known cases have been fatal, though the real death rate is probably lower, because there almost certainly have been mild cases that have gone undetected. But the virus still worries health experts, because it can cause such severe disease and has shown an alarming ability to spread among patients in a hospital. It causes flulike symptoms that can progress to severe pneumonia. The disease is a chilling example of what health experts call emerging infections, caused by viruses or other organisms that suddenly find their way into humans. Many of those diseases are “zoonotic,” meaning they are normally harbored by animals but somehow manage to jump species. “As the population continues to grow, we’re bumping up against wildlife, and they happen to carry some nasty viruses we’ve never seen before,” said Peter Daszak, a disease ecologist and the president of EcoHealth Alliance, a scientific group that studies links between human health, the health of wild and domestic animals, and the environment.

MERS_CoV_mapSaudi Arabia has had the most patients so far (62), but cases have also originated in Jordan, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. Travelers from the Arabian peninsula have taken the disease to Britain, France, Italy and Tunisia, and have infected a few people in those countries. Health experts are also worried about the Hajj, the Muslim pilgrimage that will draw millions of visitors to Saudi Arabia in October. MERS has not reached the United States, but health officials have told doctors to be on the lookout for patients who get sick soon after visiting the Middle East. So far, more than 40 people in 20 states have been tested, all with negative results, according to Dr. Anne Schuchat, the director of the National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

cdc_logoThe illness can be spread by coughs and sneezes, or contaminated surfaces, and people with chronic diseases seem especially vulnerable. More men than women have fallen ill, possibly because women have been protected by their veils. A cluster of cases that began in a Saudi hospital in April ultimately involved 23 people, including several family members and health workers. One man infected seven people, each of whom spread the disease to at least one other person. Regardless of where they emerge, new illnesses are just “a plane ride away,” said Dr. Thomas Frieden, the director of the C.D.C. And while MERS is not highly contagious like the flu, he said, “the likelihood of spread is not small.” – For complete article with extensive information about vulnerability and transmission see http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/02/health/experts-scramble-to-trace-the-emergence-of-mers.html?pagewanted=2&tntemail0=y&_r=0&emc=tnt

Tularemia:

Nebraska 06/28/13 Lincoln County: Two more cases of tularemia have been identified in the Lincoln County area. One of these is a 9-year-old boy. – See http://www.knopnews2.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&zoonosis_Tularemiaid=8164:two-cases-of-tularemia-in-area&Itemid=105

New Mexico 06/27/13 health.state.nm.us: News Release – The Department of Health announced today that tularemia cases are on the increase in several locations around the state. Since the middle of April there have been 4 cases in people and 6 cases in dogs and cats. The human cases include a 45-year-old man from Santa Fe County, an 88-year-old woman from McKinley County, a 62-year-old woman from Santa Fe County and a 75-year-old woman from San Juan County. Three of the human cases were hospitalized and all have recovered and gone home. Onset of illness in the most recent case was June 15. The pet cases include 2 cats and one dog from Santa Fe County, a dog from Sandoval County, a dog from Los Alamos County, and a cat from Torrance County. They have all recovered. – For complete release see http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20130627-Tularemia-EN.pdf

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

Mobile Cty ALAlabama 06/28/13 Mobile County: Health officials have confirmed that a sentinel chicken placed in the county has tested positive for EEE. No further information about location was provided. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/ce1a7c27e23b4190b11b245d044828f1/AL–Mosquitoes-Disease

Hernando cty FLFlorida 06/28/13 Hernando County: A sentinel chicken that is part of a flock located near State Road 50 and Ridge Manor Boulevard, near the landfill, in Spring Hill has tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.baynews9.com/content/news/baynews9/news/article.html/content/news/articles/bn9/2013/6/28/chicken_tests_positi.html

Brooks_County.GAGeorgia 06/28/13 Brooks County: The state Department of Agriculture has confirmed that another horse stabled in the county has tested positive for EEE. This is the second EEE-infected horse found in the county and the fourth case of EEE in an animal in the South Health District so far this year. – See http://www.wctv.tv/news/headlines/Horse-Tests-Positive-For-EEE-In-Brooks-County-213521901.html

Sumter_County.SCSouth Carolina 06/29/13 Sumter County: A foal stabled in the county that recently died has tested positive for EEE. Two adult horses that died at the same farm around the same time are suspected of also having EEE. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/8b2f85cdbf234c5eaaedf72f81a563ef/NC–EEE-Horse-Death

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Placer-County_CACalifornia 06/29/13 Placer County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquito samples taken from traps in Roseville and Sheridan have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.rocklintoday.com/news/templates/community_news.asp?articleid=11795&zoneid=4

Los Angeles Cty CACalifornia 06/28/13 Los Angeles County: Two dead American crows found at El Dorado Park in Long Beach have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.lbpost.com/news/2000002516-west-nile-virus-found-in-el-dorado-park-birds#.Uc5NOZymVFt

 

Cook cty ILIllinois 06/28/13 Cook County: Public health officials have found WNV in a batch of mosquitoes trapped in Chicago for the first time this year. – See http://abclocal.go.com/wls/story?section=news/local&id=9156241

Adams_County.LNIndiana 06/27/13 Adams County: The first signs of WNV in the county were found Friday in mosquitoes trapped in the county that tested positive for the virus. – See http://vaccinenewsdaily.com/medical_countermeasures/325773-indiana-detects-first-west-nile-virus-activity-of-2013/

plymouth cty MAMassachusetts 06/28/13 Plymouth County: Public health officials announced today that a mosquito collected on June 25th in Whitman has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www1.whdh.com/news/articles/local/boston/10011015074128/mosquito-tests-positive-for-west-nile-virus/

NebraskaPanhandleNebraska 07/01/13 Panhandle: Mosquito samples from the state’s Panhandle region have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.chadrad.com/newsstory.cfm?story=30038

Lincoln-County_NENebraska 06/29/13 Lincoln County: One human case of WNV has been confirmed in the county, and the virus has also been detected in mosquitoes trapped in the county this year. – See http://www.omaha.com/article/20130629/LIVEWELL01/706299910/1161

Erath_County_TXTexas 07/01/13 Erath County: Health officials have confirmed a human case of WNV in Dublin. – See http://www.yourstephenvilletx.com/news/local/article_5f9ba464-e27b-11e2-94de-001a4bcf887a.html

harris cty TXTexas 06/28/13 Harris County: A new sample of mosquitoes trapped in the 77520 zip code area of Baytown has tested positive for WNV. – See http://news92fm.com/363102/west-nile-virus-found-in-mosquitoes-in-baytown/

tarrant cty TXTexas 06/28/13 Tarrant County: The city of Grapevine has finished spraying in the vicinity of the Police Department at 300 W. Dallas Road where a mosquito was trapped on Thursday that later tested positive for WNV. – See http://impactnews.com/grapevine-to-retest-after-spraying/

Washington_County.WIWisconsin 06/28/13 Washington County: A dead crow found in the county is the first bird in the state to test positive for WNV this year. – See http://www.haywardwi.com/news/article_14cc6ac0-de77-11e2-8f10-0019bb2963f4.html?mode=story

Rabies:

raccoon_lgAlabama 07/01/13 Chilton County: A raccoon found last week near U.S. Highway 31 and County Road 29 has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.clantonadvertiser.com/2013/07/01/second-rabies-case-found-in-chilton-county/

KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERAKansas 07/01/13 McPherson County: On Monday, a cow kept in the county tested positive for rabies. This is the second case of rabies in the county and the 37th case statewide so far this year including 27 skunks, four bovines, two dogs, two cats, one fox and one bat. – See http://www.mcphersonsentinel.com/article/20130701/NEWS/130709977/1001/NEWS#axzz2XrJqSRm0

dog_skunk_338171703Montana 07/01/13 Yellowstone County: The Billings Police Department has announced the county is under a 60-Day Rabies Quarantine after a domestic dog at the Windsor Trailer Court in the Heights showed non-aggressive symptoms of rabies. Chief Rich St. John said the dog came in contact with a skunk. Further investigation revealed as many has 13 people were exposed to the virus, as well as other people and loose pets.- See http://www.kulr8.com/story/22737723/yellowstone-co-under-rabies-quarantine

help-mdRhode Island 07/01/13 Providence County: A 12-year-old boy was attacked by a dog during baseball practice Monday at the Gano Street ball fields in the City of Providence. The dog, described as a “brown, possible pit bull mix” bit his leg and arm. The dog’s owner, who left the scene before being identified, was described as “a white man in his 20s or 30s with collar length hair”. If authorities cannot determine whether the dog has been vaccinated for the virus, the boy is likely to need rabies prevention shots, which can be quite painful. – See http://www.turnto10.com/story/22734686/boy-attacked-by-dog-at-baseball-practice

IMG_1947Texas 07/01/13 Hays County: Health officials issued a Rabies Alert after a bat that tested positive for the virus was found in the filtration system at Coves of Cimmaron Community Pool, just ouside of Buda.  – See http://www.woai.com/content/news/newslinks/story/Rabies-alert-issued-in-Hays-County/Lao9Mb65kUSTEoOAfrJNDg.cspx

4 HOOSIERS contract SWINE FLU ~ NEBRASKA reports 6 cases of TULAREMIA this year ~ SASKATCHEWAN man dies of HANTAVIRUS ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CAx2, ID, IL, & MS ~ RABIES reports from MD, NC, SC, & VT.

Photo courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Photo courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Indiana 06/26/13 hoosieragtoday.com: by Gary Truitt – The Indiana State Department of Health is urging residents to take precautions when they visit county and 4-H fairs after four people contracted the H3N2 virus or swine flu, possibly after visiting the Grant County Agricultural Fair which ran from June 16 to 22.  A Grant County Health Department official told NewsChannel 15 that at least one of the four was an animal handler. The Indiana State Department of Health and the Grant County Health Department continue to investigate these cases. Human infections with H3N2 have most commonly occurred after close proximity to live infected pigs, such as working with them in barns and livestock exhibits at fairs. Influenza viruses are not transmitted by eating pork and pork products. According to the State Board of Animal Health, thirteen pigs at the fair tested positive for H3N2.  – For complete article see http://www.hoosieragtoday.com/index.php/2013/06/26/virus-hit-swine-at-grant-county-fair/

Tularemia:

Nebraska 06/26/13 nebraskaradionetwork.com: by Karla James – Bacteria spread by tick and deer fly bites as well as through contact with rodents, dead Media.aspxor alive, is causing concern. Nebraska State Epidemiologist Dr. Tom Sefranek says there have been six cases of tularemia in the state so far this year. Dr. Sefranek says they carry a bacteria that gets into ones system and can cause a skin ulcer, spread through the body and infect the lymph nodes and other internal organs. He says tularemia can make a person quite ill and in some cases is deadly. – For complete article including prevention measures see http://nebraskaradionetwork.com/2013/06/26/six-confirmed-cases-of-tularemia-in-nebraska/

Hantavirus:

Canada:

Deer mouse. CDC.

Deer mouse. CDC.

Saskatchewan 06/26/13 leaderpost.com: Health officials have confirmed that a man from the Heartland Health Region in the western section of the province has died from hantavirus. A second death in the same region is under investigation as possibly hantavirus-related, but it is not believed the two cases are connected. “Hantavirus is a rare but potentially fatal illness, usually contracted by exposure to infected rodents like deer mice. According to Saskatchewan’s Chief Medical Health Officer Dr. Saqib Shahab, the man’s death is the 24th hantavirus case in Saskatchewan since 1994. One third of hantavirus cases are fatal, with the majority of cases occurring in otherwise healthy adults.” – For complete article see http://www.leaderpost.com/technology/Saskatchewan+dies+from+hantavirus/8581490/story.html

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Butte Cty CACalifornia 06/27/13 Butte County: A squirrel found in Chico has tested positive for WNV. The virus has reached 19 other counties in the state this year and one human case has been confirmed. – See http://www.chicoer.com/news/ci_23549913/west-nile-virus-back-butte-county

San_Mateo_County_CACalifornia 06/25/13 San Mateo County: Two dead birds collected from the City of San Mateo on May 30 and June 2 have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.mercurynews.com/my-town/ci_23538463/first-two-dead-birds-test-positive-west-nile

Payette-County_IDIdaho 06/26/13 Payette County: Mosquitoes collected in the county have been confirmed to be carrying WNV. Officials said the mosquitoes were trapped southwest of downtown Fruitland. – See http://www.argusobserver.com/independent/news/west-nile-virus-found-in-payette-county/article_817bed12-de9f-11e2-ab22-001a4bcf887a.html

madisoncounty_ILIllinois 06/27/13 Madison County: A batch of mosquitoes collected Tuesday in Mitchell, just outside of Granite City, has tested positive for WNV. Mosquitoes testing positive for the virus have also been found in Cook, DuPage, McHenry, Perry, and St. Clair counties.  – See http://www.ksdk.com/news/article/386066/3/Mosquitoes-test-positive-for-West-Nile-virus-in-Madison-County

LowndesCounty-MSMississippi 06/27/13 Lowndes County: Health officials have confirmed that a third human case of WNV has been reported in the state this year. – See http://www.whlt.com/story/22704928/thid-west-nile-virus-case-reported-in-mississippi

Rabies:

help1Maryland 06/26/13 Frederick County: A bite at a park (in the City of Frederick) from a dog resembling a Jack Russell was enough Tuesday to prompt the Frederick County Health Department (FCHD) to spread the word about rabies. In a release issued Wednesday, the FCHD shared the owner of the dog is sought. Officials are attempting to avoid treating the woman bitten by the dog from receiving unnecessary post-exposure rabies vaccinations. The unattended dog bit the woman at Rivercrest Park (near Delaware Road) at about 9 a.m. Tuesday. The Jack Russell-type dog is brown and white and had a collar with tags.  Anyone within the area who has information about the owner’s identity is asked to contact the FCHD at 301-600-1717 or FCAC at 301-600-1544. – See http://www.abc2news.com/dpp/news/state/fchd-searching-for-owner-of-dog-that-bit-woman-at-park

MissouriDeptConservationNorth Carolina 06/26/13 Vance County: A raccoon that was attacked by two unvaccinated dogs Sunday at 1262 Stuart Farm Road has tested positive for rabies. Two family members have sought medical advice after being potentially exposed to the virus because they handled one of the dogs. Both dogs are to be euthanized. – See http://www.hendersondispatch.com/news/x1065838901/County-has-third-rabies-case-of-year

article-1277106566013-09EE76B9000005DC-717773_223x335South Carolina 06/26/13 Union County: A fox that bit a man in the Jonesville area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.goupstate.com/article/20130626/ARTICLES/306261019/1001/sports02?Title=Union-man-bitten-by-rabid-fox

111009110345_Raccoon3 - CopyVermont 06/27/13 Caledonia County: A hissing raccoon that bit an 11-year-old girl six times outside her friend’s home in Kirby on Sunday is being treated for potential exposure to rabies though the animal ran off and was never captured. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/d2e5a825f22e473aa925d995d3648dcf/VT–Raccoon-Attack

MASSACHUSETTS man attacked by BOBCAT ~ WYOMING rancher survives attack by GRIZZLY BEAR ~ ALASKA officials warn of TULAREMIA in SNOWSHOE HARES ~ NEBRASKA 4-year-old contracts TULAREMIA from TICK bite ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CAx2, IN, MI, SD, & WI ~ RABIES reports from CA, CO, MD, MA, MN, MO, OKx2, TX, & VAx2.

Bobcat. Photo courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Bobcat. Photo courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Massachusetts 06/20/13 telegram.com: by Steven H. Foskett Jr. – A (Holden resident) said he was able to fend off an attack by a bobcat Monday evening without suffering serious injury. Michael Votruba of 441 Causeway St. said he got home from work Monday, got out of his truck, and went back into the passenger side to grab his things when he saw an animal scurry across the yard and into a small alleyway between the carport and his house. He said he went back to the driveway and could see the animal coming out; it started growling, he said. He said it appeared to be a bobcat, and was looking straight at him. Mr. Votruba said the cat, which he estimated weighed around 25 to 30 pounds, started approaching him. He happened to be carrying his pistol, and drew his weapon. He said he took a couple of steps back, but then fell backward into the yard. That’s when the bobcat jumped on his leg. He was able to get the cat off his leg, get up and run a few steps, but when he turned around it jumped on his chest. He said he grabbed the cat by the neck, threw it to the ground, and shot it twice in the driveway. But the cat wasn’t done yet, and jumped back on his chest, he said. He fired two more shots, and the cat ran to the carport. His girlfriend, Justine Lapierre, was able to get his rifle, which was locked in the house. When he got the rifle, he fired a few more shots and said the animal appeared to have died. Mr. Votruba said he didn’t feel like he was injured in the immediate aftermath; he had holes in his shirt, but did not suffer any scratches to his chest. He had a scrape on his elbow. He said he went to UMass Memorial Medical Center — University Campus in Worcester, where he said he received seven rabies shots and an updated tetanus shot. – For complete article and photos see http://www.telegram.com/article/20130620/NEWS/106209903/-1/NEWS05

Author’s Note: Linda Bock of the Worcester Telegram & Gazette Staff reported on 06/21/13 that state Department of Health officials have confirmed the bobcat involved in the attack of Michael Votruba of Holden, Massachusetts, on Monday night tested positive for rabies.

Grizzly Attack:

grizzlybear_ca.gov-001Wyoming 06/20/13 seattlepi.com: The Wyoming Game and Fish Department is investigating an apparent grizzly bear attack on a rancher near Cody. Regional wildlife supervisor Alan Osterland  says the man suffered injuries in the attack at about 6:30 a.m. Thursday and was being treated at a hospital. Osterland says the injuries were not life-threatening. He declined to release the man’s name. Osterland says the rancher was working alone in an irrigation ditch about 20 miles southwest of Cody when the attack occurred. He says the man made it back to his house on his own. Osterland says the initial indication is that it was a chance encounter involving a sow with cubs. The area is within established grizzly bear habitat. Wildlife managers are trying to locate the bear involved. – See http://www.seattlepi.com/news/science/article/Bear-attack-reported-near-Cody-in-north-Wyoming-4612467.php

Tularemia:

Snowshoe Hare.

Snowshoe Hare.

Alaska 06/19/13 adfg.alaska.gov: News Release – State officials have confirmed that a sick hare with many ticks that was taken to a veterinary clinic in Fairbanks last week died of tularemia. Wildlife veterinarian Dr. Kimberlee Beckman encouraged people to contact ADF&G at 459-7206 if they notice hares that appear to be ill, especially in the Fairbanks area where the first case identified this year originated. Signs that a hare is infected include lack of fear of people, “tameness”, lethargy, and sudden death. People can protect themselves by using gloves or a plastic bag if they have to touch a dead hare, and washing their hands afterwards. Don’t drink untreated water from areas that muskrats and beavers are likely to inhabit. Double bag and dispose of dead hares in trash or bury where dogs and scavengers can not get to them. – For complete release see http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/webintra/wcnews/2013/releases/06-20-2013.pdf

zoonosis_tularemia (2)Nebraska 06/21/13 nptelegraph.com: by Heather Johnson – A North Platte girl is recovering after contracting tularemia. Dr. Tom Safranek, Nebraska state epidemiologist, said six cases of the highly contagious disease have been confirmed in the state this year. Eva Nutter, 4, is one of them. Eva spent Memorial Day weekend swimming in Birdwood Creek and the Interstate lakes near Hershey. Afterward, her mother, Jennifer Nutter, noticed a tick on the left side of Eva’s neck. Jennifer said she pulled the bug off and forgot about it. Soon after, Eva developed a rash and fever and complained of neck pain. The lymph nodes behind her ear and by her clavicle swelled. Jennifer, a registered nurse, became concerned Eva might have meningitis. She took her to Great Plains Pediatrics in North Platte, where another tick was found in Eva’s hairline near her left ear. “The tick wasn’t imbedded completely, but it was evident it had been there for a while,” Jennifer said. “The site was infected. There was a red, swollen area about 3 inches wide that was hot to the touch.” Cultures were done, and Eva was put on an antibiotic and sent home. When she started complaining about a sore throat a few days later, Jennifer took her back to the pediatrician’s office. “By then, she had pustules on the roof of her mouth and her throat was swollen,” Jennifer said. “The areas where both ticks had bitten her were even more inflamed, and the skin around them was peeling.” More cultures were performed and Eva was put on another antibiotic, which she caused an allergic reaction. Ultimately, Eva was taken to the Children’s Hospital and Medical Center in Omaha. On June 6, she was diagnosed with tularemia, also known as rabbit fever or deer fly fever. Because of Jennifer’s nursing background, officials at the children’s hospital agreed to let her treat Eva at home with IV fluids. Eva received doses of Gentamicin three times a day for nine days and is feeling better, Jennifer said.

Tularemia1-300x200According to Safranek, tularemia can be life threatening. Caused by bacteria, it can attack the skin, eyes, lymph nodes, lungs and other internal organs. Safranek said the disease is most common in mammals, especially rodents and rabbits. Tularemia is transmitted through tick and deer fly bites, skin contact with infected animals, ingestion of contaminated water and inhalation of contaminated dusts and aerosols. “We’ve had scenarios where yard workers run over an infected rabbit carcass and the aerosols from it cause pneumonia,” Safranek said. “Those people can get really sick and die really fast.” He said the biggest problem with both tularemia and Rocky Mountain spotted fever, another tickborne disease, is that they are so uncommon they are often overlooked. “Doctors often misdiagnose them and prescribe the wrong antibiotics to treat them,” Safranek said. “The good news is they are preventable.” He said people should use care when handling dead animals, wear insect repellent and do frequent tick checks because the transmission rate is low if ticks are removed quickly. – For photo see http://www.nptelegraph.com/news/tick-bite-gives-np-girl-rare-disease/article_52556cba-b9b1-5082-ad94-cbf0e1ea309e.html

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Lake Cty CACalifornia 06/21/13 Lake County: by Mary Callahan – Mosquitoes collected last week near Kelseyville have tested positive for WNV. . . As of Wednesday, the virus had turned up in 13 California counties so far this year, with one human death reported in Sacramento. – See http://www.pressdemocrat.com/article/20130621/ARTICLES/130629913/1010/sports?Title=West-Nile-virus-found-in-Lake-County-mosquitoes

mapCalifornia 06/20/13 Los Angeles County: At least six dead crows found on the Palos Verdes Peninsula have tested positive for WNV this week. Three were in the Dapplegray Lanes area of Rolling Hills Estates, one in Rancho Palos Verdes, and five in Lomita. – See http://palosverdes.patch.com/groups/health/p/west-nile-virus-found-in-palos-verdes

Adams_County.INIndiana 06/21/13 Adams County: Health officials have confirmed the first signs of WNV activity in the state so far this year have been found in mosquitoes collected in the county. – See http://www.journalgazette.net/article/20130621/NEWS10/130629894/1002/LOCAL

saginaw cty MIMichigan 06/20/13 Saginaw County: A dead crow found in the northern end of the City of Saginaw has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.minbcnews.com/news/story.aspx?id=912315#.UcTEwZymVFu

imagesCABASWWI-001South Dakota 06/21/13 Brookings and Hughes counties: This season’s first WNV detections have been found in mosquito pools collected in the two counties. – See http://www.necn.com/06/21/13/West-Nile-virus-detected-in-mosquito-poo/landing_nation.html?&apID=02c03d0d3c314c40988c6590bf44bfd2

Washington_County.WIWisconsin 06/20/13 Washington County: A dead crow found in the county that tested positive for WNV is the first instance of the disease found in the state so far this year. – http://www.620wtmj.com/news/local/212393171.html

Rabies:

imagesCAG9WNS5California 06/20/13 Madera County: A skunk that was killed by a dog in the vicinity of North Fork has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.sierrastar.com/2013/06/20/63255/north-fork-area-skunk-tests-positive.html

batwarningColorado 06/19/13 Pueblo County: A bat found on San Carlos Road between La Vista and Starlight roads has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.koaa.com/news/first-case-of-rabies-confirmed-in-pueblo-county/

Maryland 06/20/13 Worcester County: An raccoon_largeaggressive raccoon that attacked a person Tuesday in the vicinity of Northside Park in Ocean City has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/health-officials-say-raccoon-that-attacked-person-in-ocean-city-found-to-have-rabies/2013/06/20/261a15cc-d9d4-11e2-b418-9dfa095e125d_story.html

the-fox-by-bully27-995x1024Massachusetts 06/20/13 Bristol County: New Bedford city officials said Thursday a fox that bit two people in the city’s North End has tested positive for rabies. A Rabies Alert has been issued to residents of New Bedford’s Sassaquin neighborhood, as well as in Freetown and Acushnet. – See http://www.turnto10.com/story/22648617/2-new-bedford-residents-exposed-to-rabies

Minnesota 06/19/13 Stearns County: Health officials have confirmed a second skunk found in St. Cloud within a week has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.sfgate.com/news/science/article/2nd-rabid-skunk-found-havahart-skunk_120 3821fefe9b4884850185047e22654718in-St-Cloud-4610667.php

Missouri 06/20/13 Bollinger County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert after several skunks and a dog found in the vicinity of Marble Hill tested positive for the virus. – http://pro.kzim-am.tritonflex.com/common/more.php?m=49&action=blog&r=1&post_id=32041

OK_State_Health_Department_logoOklahoma 06/20/13 pryordailytimes.com: So far this year, 41 cases of animal rabies have been confirmed in the state, including 25 skunks, nine cows, five dogs, one horse, and one fox. Animal rabies cases have been confirmed in counties located throughout the state. – For complete article see http://pryordailytimes.com/agriculture/x493356131/State-health-officials-advise-rabies-precautions

We_need_your_help62435 Oklahoma 06/19/13 Murray County: The state Department of Health is investigating whether anyone who handled a puppy that later died of rabies was exposed to the disease. The health agency said Wednesday the Bluetick/Walker Coonhound mix puppy was part of a litter of five or six 10-week-old puppies sold June 9th at the Bivens Dog Trade in Sulphur. The puppies have black, brown and white markings. One of the puppies developed symptoms of rabies on June 12 and died. Laboratory tests confirmed rabies. The agency is looking for the seller of the puppies. Anyone who bought one or may have come in contact with the puppies should contact the Health Department to determine if they were exposed to the virus.

grounded%20batTexas 06/18/13 Bexar County: by Jeff B. Finn – Kirby city officials successfully located, contacted and informed the family members of a quartet of youths who may have come into contact with a rabid bat at a city park. City Manager Tim Bolda said the June 2 incident involved a bat that landed in a grassy area near the city pool on Charles Conrad in Kirby. As many as four youths — three Kirby family members and a relative from out of town – could have been exposed to rabies, as the bat later tested positive for the disease. “We had confirmation from some of the people in the area that three or four kids were kicking at it,” Bolda said. “It got kicked into the pool near the filter.” Lifeguards immediately evacuated the pool and premises before donning gloves and retrieving the bat, which was properly stored until a Kirby animal control officer arrived and secured the dead animal. Animal Services Manager Christie Banduch began contacting as many of the 51 people at the pool that afternoon, to inform them of the potential hazard and to learn which group of pool attendees may have come into contact with the bat. Once the city received positive lab results June 5 from the Bexar County Metropolitan Health District lab, the city began an intense search for those who were near the bat. – See http://www.mysanantonio.com/community/northeast/news/article/Kirby-responds-to-rabid-bat-incident-at-city-4608039.php

2326318Virginia 06/19/13 City of Danville: A fox found in the vicinity of Henry Street has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wdbj7.com/news/wdbj7-fox-in-danville-tests-positive-for-rabies-20130619,0,4160974.story

Help-520x437Virginia 06/19/13 City of Williamsburg: The Peninsula Health District is on the lookout for a tan and black pit bull wearing a blue collar after the dog bit a person Sunday in the Windy Hill Mobile Home Park in James City County. Once the dog is found, it will be placed on in-home confinement for 10 days while it’s tested. If the dog cannot be found, the victim may have to receive post-exposure treatment for the prevention of rabies, according to a news release from PDH. If you see the dog, call PDH at 603-4277. If you see the dog after normal business hours, call James City County Animal Control at 253-1800.