Tag Archives: Tularemia

FLORIDA woman attacked by BLACK BEAR ~ TICK taken from CALIFORNIA park carrying TULAREMIA ~ IOWA reports first case of CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE in a wild DEER ~ RABIES reports from CT, GAx2, MA, NH, NJx2, NYx2, NC, TXx4, VT, VA & WI.

Black bear. Courtesy freepik.com.

Black bear. Courtesy freepik.com.

Florida 04/13/14 Seminole County: Officials are investigating a black bear attack that occurred in Lake Mary on April 12th around 8 p.m. Firefighters say they were called to a home at 1900 Brackenhurst Place after one of five bears rooting through trash at the residence attacked a woman identified as Terri Franna who was taken to a local hospital for treatment and later released. Wildlife officials say they have since put down four bears that did not appear to be fearful of humans, which is considered dangerous. The director of the state’s bear management programs said bears are looking for food this time of year and, if they can’t find it in your neighborhood, they’ll move on. – See http://www.clickorlando.com/news/woman-attacked-by-bear-in-lake-mary/25453094


th777389546ddCalifornia 04/10/14 San Diego County: Officials have issued a warning to hikers and others who work or play in the great outdoors that a tick taken during routine monitoring in Los Penasquitos Canyon Preserve, an urban park in San Diego, has tested positive for tularemia, also known as “rabbit fever”. Ticks in the U.S. that can transmit the F. tularensis bacteria include the dog, wood and long star varieties. Deer flies can also transmit the bacteria. Tularemia can be very difficult to diagnose. It is a rare but potentially serious disease. During 2001-2010, a total of 1,208 cases were reported from a total of 47 states, but more than half of the total number of cases were in MO, AR, OK, MA, SD and KS. – See http://poway.patch.com/groups/around-town/p/county-urges-public-to-protect-against-ticks-after-tularemia-find-poway

Author’s Note: For more information about Tularemia see http://www.cdc.gov/tularemia/index.html

Chronic Wasting Disease:

CWD-TitleIowa 04/09/14 IA Dept of Natural Resources: Media Release – The first case of chronic wasting disease (CWD) in a wild Iowa deer has been confirmed. The deer was reported as harvested in Allamakee County during the first shotgun season in early December. The Iowa Department of Natural Resources is currently working to obtain as much information as possible about the infected deer to implement its CWD response plan. “We have been testing for CWD in Iowa’s deer herd for more than a decade and are optimistic, given the extensive data we have collected, that we have caught this early,” said Chuck Gipp, DNR director. “The next step will be to focus our monitoring efforts in the area where the animal was harvested and work closely with local landowners and hunters to gather more information.” said Gipp.

Deer infected with CWD.

Deer infected with CWD.

CWD is a neurological disease affecting primarily deer and elk. It is caused by an abnormal protein, called a prion that attacks the brains of infected animals, causing them to lose weight, display abnormal behavior and lose bodily functions. Signs include excessive salivation, thirst and urination, loss of appetite, progressive weight loss, listlessness and drooping ears and head. The only reliable test for CWD requires testing of lymph nodes or brain material. There is currently no evidence that humans can contract CWD by eating venison. However, the National Institute of Health and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that hunters do not eat the brain, eyeballs or spinal cord of deer and that hunters wear protective gloves while field dressing game and boning out meat for consumption. Prior to the positive detection in Iowa, CWD had been detected in every bordering state.


batinlaundryConnecticut 04/07/14 New London County: A bat captured in a Gales Ferry home on April 4th in the Eagle Ridge Drive area of Ledyard has tested positive for rabies. – See http://groton.patch.com/groups/around-town/p/bat-captured-in-gales-ferry-tests-positive-for-rabies-groton

Georgia 04/11/14 Hall County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert for the Persimmon Tree Road area after a raccoon that was in contact with a dog tested positive for the virus. This is the fifth confirmed case of rabies found in the county this year. – See http://www.gainesvilletimes.com/section/6/article/98112/

Georgia 04/10/14 Henry County: A raccoon that was killed by a dog on April 2nd in the City of McDonough has tested positive for rabies. Officials have issued a city-wide quarantine. – See http://www.myfoxatlanta.com/story/25214076/henry-county-issues-rabies-quarantine-88e779r0efor-mcdonough#axzz2ydBtnx7b

Massachusetts 04/07/14 Middlesex County: A skunk found near the Framingham/Southborough town line has tested positive for rabies. – See http://framingham.wickedlocal.com/article/20140407/NEWS/140406953

4541357140foxNew Hampshire 04/11/14 Rockingham County: A fox that attacked two children at the Don Ball Park in Derry on April 10th has tested positive for rabies. The animal knocked a boy down, and then bit a 5-year-old girl after she came down a slide. Police and wildlife officials finally cornered the animal in nearby woods and killed it, but in the interim the fox also attacked a porcupine and dog. – See http://www.wmur.com/news/fox-that-attacked-children-tests-positive-for-rabies/25438202

New Jersey 04/11/14 Monmouth County: Health officials have issued a Rabies Alert for the Middletown area after two raccoons tested positive for the virus this week. The first was found in the vicinity of Michael Drive off Nutswamp Road, and the second was found in the vicinity of Essex Street and Bray Avenue in the northern section of the township. – See http://www.ahherald.com/newsbrief/local-news/17351-rabies-alert-in-middletown

111009110345_Raccoon3 - CopyNew Jersey 04/09/14 Hunterdon County: A raccoon captured in the vicinity of Brown Street in Flemington has tested positive for rabies. The animal might have been in contact with several stray cats in the area. – See http://www.nj.com/hunterdon-county-democrat/index.ssf/2014/04/raccoon_cuaght_in_flemington_t.html

New York 04/11/14 Niagara County: A raccoon killed by two dogs on Stone Road in Hartland has tested positive for rabies. – http://wivb.com/2014/04/11/niagara-co-reports-first-rabies-case-of-2014/

rabidcatNew York 04/07/14 Oneida County: A man who tried to help what he thought was an injured cat was bitten on the hand last week when he picked the animal up. The cat later tested positive for rabies and the victim is receiving post-exposure treatment. – See http://www.wktv.com/news/local/Oneida-County-man-exposed-to-rabies-by-injured-cat-254233751.html

GA_Gray_Fox_6869North Carolina 04/10/14 Cumberland County: A fox that attacked two unvaccinated dogs on April 9th outside their owner’s home on Lake Upchurch Road in Parkton has tested positive for rabies. The owner of the dogs is being treated for potential exposure to virus when he grabbed the fox and broke its neck. – See http://www.fayobserver.com/news/local/article_3ca95f9e-f7c3-5939-99fa-678cb761daaf.html

Texas 04/11/14 Wichita County: A second skunk has tested positive for rabies in the city of Wichita Falls within two weeks. The first was in the southern part of the city while this latest case is in the northern sector. – See http://www.timesrecordnews.com/news/2014/apr/10/second-case-rabies-wichita-falls/

2195804032_bb25565f77-copyTexas 04/11/14 Young County: Two skunks found in the City of Graham have tested positive for rabies. One was found near Pioneer Cemetery and the other in the northeast part of the city. – See http://www.grahamleader.com/ci_25546497/rabies-cases-reported-graham

Texas 04/10/14 McClellan County: A skunk found in the 600 block of Regina Drive in Hewitt on April 7th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.kcentv.com/story/25206822/skunk-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-hewitt

Texas 04/08/14 Bell County: A skunk that scratched a dog in the 4500 block of Lonesome Dove in Killeen has tested positive for rabies. – http://www.kxxv.com/story/25197702/rabid-skunk-spurs-caution-in-bell-county

lottaraccoons - CopyVermont 04/11/14 Chittenden County: Four raccoons trapped in Burlington and South Burlington in the last ten days have all tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.boston.com/news/local/vermont/2014/04/11/animal-rabies-found-near-vermont-largest-city/OTbD8fi44nBSYDmPkeRrDO/story.html

Rabid-cat-4-11-14 VaVirginia 04/11/14 Virginia Beach: A stray cat that was following children waiting for the school bus in the 1200 block of Warwick Drive has tested positive for rabies. Anyone who came in contact with the cat is advised to seek medical advice immediately. – See http://wavy.com/2014/04/11/cat-found-near-school-bus-stop-tests-positive-for-rabies/

help7689Wisconsin 04/09/14 Marathon County: Officials are looking for the owner of a large Rottweiler-type dog that bit a seven-year-old boy around 7:30 p.m. on April 8th near the corner of S. 5th Avenue and West Street in Wausau. The dog was wearing a dark green or black harness and was being walked by a woman with brown, shoulder length hair. She is believed to have been in her 30s and was wearing running pants and a bright pink shirt. Anyone with information should call the health department at (715) 849-7785. – http://www.wsaw.com/home/headlines/Health-Dept-Searching-for-Dog-to-Prevent-Boy-from-going-through-Rabies-Shots-254575171.html?ref=171


Four MASSACHUSETTS island residents diagnosed with TULAREMIA ~ WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) reports from LA, & NJ ~ RABIES ORAL VACCINE BAIT reports from the U.S. Dept of Agriculture.

Eastern Cottontail is the most common rabbit found on Nantucket Island. Photo courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Eastern Cottontail is the most common rabbit found on Nantucket Island. Photo courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Massachusetts 09/03/13 ack.net: by Jason Graziadei – Four island residents have been diagnosed with the infectious disease tularemia, commonly known as rabbit fever, according to the Nantucket Health Department. Town officials are urging island residents to avoid touching dead rabbits or other small animals, or approaching any animal that appears to be disoriented or sluggish. The Health Department is also advising landscapers to wear respirator masks when cutting grass over six inches tall to reduce the risk of exposure in the event a hidden animal is struck and the bacteria becomes aerosolized. Tularemia, caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis, can be transmitted to humans who handle sick or deceased animals or are bitten by infected ticks or deer flies, according to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It can also be transmitted by inhaling contaminated dusts or aerosols.

CapeCodTownsThe disease, which can cause fever, skin ulcers, pneumonia, and is potentially life-threatening in rare cases, is most often treated and controlled successfully with antibiotics. “We need the public to be aware,” Nantucket Health Department director Richard Ray said. “If there’s a dead animal near the side of the road, ignore it, do not let your animal go near it, and call the DPW to remove it. Please be careful about where your lawnmower goes and what it runs over. We’ve had a few cases over the years, but not four at one time.”  – See: http://www.ack.net/Tularemiadiagnosedinfourislandresidents090313.htm#sthash.qSvgYTzP.dpuf

West Nile Virus (WNV):

LA-DHHLouisiana 08/30/13 LA Dept of Health: Officials are reporting eight new human cases of WNV this week, bringing this year’s total number of human cases to 21. This week’s new infections include four cases of West Nile neuro-invasive disease, one each from Caldwell, Lafayette, Ouachita and Rapides parishes and four cases of West Nile fever, with two cases from Lafayette parish and one each from Calcasieu and Ouachita. – See http://www.dhh.louisiana.gov/index.cfm/newsroom/detail/2859

NJDOH-LogoNew Jersey 09/03/13 NJ Dept of Health: Officials have announced that two residents have died of complications related to WNV. A 78-year-old Gloucester County woman developed fever, blurred vision, weakness and diarrhea in mid-August, was hospitalized and died on August 24. The death was reported to the state Health Department today. A 92-year-old man from Morris County developed fever and muscle weakness in mid-August, was admitted to the hospital with encephalitis (swelling of the brain) and died on August 31. Six New Jersey residents have tested positive for WNV: One each in Bergen, Burlington, Gloucester and Morris counties and two in Camden County. All counties except Cumberland and Salem have detected WNV activity in mosquitoes. – See http://www.state.nj.us/health/news/2013/approved/20130903b.html


Photo courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Photo courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

NH, NY, OH, VT, WV 09/03/13 US Dept of Agriculture: The U.S. Department of Agriculture is tossing marshmallow-flavored plastic packets of rabies vaccine out of airplanes in northern New York and parts of Vermont, New Hampshire, Ohio, and West Virginia. The work is part of a third U.S. field trial of a vaccine to control rabies in raccoons, skunks and other wildlife. Biologists are evaluating the safety and immune effects of the vaccine. So far, they’ve found it effective in raccoons, coyotes and foxes, but it hasn’t proven effective in combating rabies in skunks. The plastic blister packs are being distributed this month by airplane drop and by people on the ground. The olive green rectangular packets are a little bigger than a quarter. The USDA says pets won’t be harmed if they find and eat a vaccine packet.

usda.wildlife.servicesME, NH, NY, VT 09/02/13 US Dept of Agriculture: The Wildlife Services program of the U.S. Department of Agriculture is distributing an oral rabies vaccination bait to inoculate wildlife and help stop the further spread of rabies. The Plattsburgh project will cover parts of New York, Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont and distribute 372,900 baits by fixed-wing aircraft and 4,680 by hand. – See http://pressrepublican.com/0100_news/x335461355/Rabies-baits-being-dropped-in-area

CALIFORNIA scientists identify new CATTLE VIRUS ~ NEW MEXICO teen has first human case of PLAGUE in U.S. this year ~ COLORADO child exposed to RABBIT with TULAREMIA ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS & WEST NILE VIRUS reports from IN, MN, NM, & SC ~ RABIES reports from AL, FL, PA, & VT.

Guernsey cow. Courtesy of U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Guernsey cow. Courtesy of U.S. Department of Agriculture.

National 08/13/13 ucdavis.edu: A new cow virus that causes neurologic symptoms reminiscent of mad cow disease has been identified and its genome sequenced by a team of researchers including scientists at the University of California, Davis. While this particular new virus is unlikely to pose a threat to human health or the food supply, the new findings are critically important because they provide researchers with a relatively simple diagnostic tool that can reassure both ranchers and consumers by ruling out bovine spongiform encephalopathy — mad cow disease — as the cause of neurologic symptoms when they appear in cattle. Results of the study appear online in the September issue of the Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal, published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

banner_01In this new study, Dr. Patricia Pesavento, a veterinary pathologist in the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, and other researchers analyzed brain tissue from a yearling steer with neurologic symptoms of unknown cause. Through this analysis, they discovered a new virus that belongs to the astrovirus family.

Dr. Patricia Pesavento

Dr. Patricia Pesavento

Further study of brain tissue samples, preserved from earlier examinations of 32 cattle with unexplained neurologic symptoms, revealed the presence of this astrovirus in three of those animals. The researchers used “metagenomic” techniques to sequence this astrovirus species — now referred to as BoAstV0NeuroS. – For complete news release see http://news.ucdavis.edu/search/news_detail.lasso?id=10688


Media.aspxNew Mexico 08/12/13 NM Department of Health: State officials have confirmed that a 15-year-old male from Torrance County has the first human case of plague reported in the United States this year. The boy is currently hospitalized in stable condition. Plague is a bacterial disease of rodents and is generally transmitted to humans through the bites of infected fleas, but can also be transmitted by direct contact with infected animals, including rodents, wildlife and pets.- For complete news release see http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20130812-Plague-EN.pdf


Colorado rabbit NPSColorado 08/15/13 Pueblo County: Public health officials confirmed Thursday a rabbit caught in the 1000 block of West Saginaw Drive in Pueblo West that had been in contact with a child has tested positive for tularemia. – See http://www.kktv.com/news/elevenforhealth/headlines/Rabbit-Tests-Positive-For-Tularemia-In-Pueblo-West-219832021.html

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

IN-DH-B-W-LogoIndiana 08/13/13 IN Department of Health: Health officials continue to encourage Hoosiers to take steps to protect themselves from WNV and other mosquito-borne diseases after mosquito samples from 35 counties have now tested positive for the virus. There has been one human case of WNV in Ripley County and one equine case in Adams County. Counties with WNV-infected mosquitoes include: Adams, Allen, Carroll, Clinton, Daviess, Delaware, DeKalb, Grant, Hamilton, Jay, Jefferson, Knox, Kosciusko, LaGrange, Lake, Marion, Marshall, Martin, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Newton, Noble, Ohio, Parke, Steuben, Sullivan, Tippecanoe, Tipton, Starke, St. Joseph, Vanderburgh, Vigo, White and Whitley. – For complete news release see http://www.in.gov/activecalendar/EventList.aspx?view=EventDetails&eventidn=119373&information_id=186576&type=&syndicate=syndicate

mn-dhlogocolorMNMinnesota 08/14/13 MN Department of Health: State officials have confirmed the first WNV-related human fatality in the state this year. A male resident of Murray County died last week. Sixteen human cases of WNV, including one fatality, have been reported statewide so far this year. – See http://roseville.patch.com/groups/summer/p/west-nile-virus-claims-first-minnesota-victim_b68297b7

NM_image_miniNew Mexico 08/13/13 NM Department of Health: Officials have confirmed that an 83-year-old male from Curry County is the state’s first WNV-related fatality so far this year. A 66-year-old female from Curry County also tested positive for the virus, but she is recovering. New Mexico’s first case of West Nile infection this year was in a 13-year-old male from San Juan County who has recovered. – See http://www.kdbc.com/news/nm-department-health-announces-first-west-nile-death-2013

vaccinationSouth Carolina 08/14/13 SC State Veterinarian: Officials have confirmed 25 cases of EEE in horses statewide since June 28th, 7 of the cases were reported during the past week. About 90% of infected horses die, but EEE is preventable in horses by vaccination. – See http://www.greenvilleonline.com/article/20130814/NEWS/308140026/Horse-virus-cases-up?nclick_check=1


GrayFoxApr04NFlaAlabama 08/14/13 Chilton County: A fox that was reported acting strangely and aggressively on Wednesday by a resident on Old Thorsby Road in Clanton has tested positive for rabies. – http://www.clantonadvertiser.com/2013/08/14/fox-infected-with-rabies-found-in-clanton/

111009110345_Raccoon3 - CopyFlorida 08/14/13 St. Johns County: A raccoon that bit a man in the leg Saturday in a McDonald’s parking lot in the 2400 block of U.S. 1 South in St. Augustine has tested positive for rabies. – See http://staugustine.com/news/local-news/2013-08-14/health-department-issues-rabies-alert-st-johns-county#.Ug059W3DK5c

Bat 1on sidewalkPennsylvania 08/14/13 Montgomery County: A bat found August 10th in the 300 block of Manor Avenue in Plymouth Meeting has tested positive for rabies. – See http://norristown.patch.com/groups/around-town/p/bat-tests-positive-for-rabies_0ccf156e

275899Vermont 08/14/13 western border and Chittendon County: An aerial rabies bait drop will begin August 19th into carefully plotted corridors of remote lowland areas and valleys along the Vermont border and northern Chittendon County. Bait packets will be distributed by hand in urban areas. The baits are described as a dark green, sweet-smelling, vanilla-coated blister pack. Officials say the baits are not harmful to children or pets if touched or eaten, but the pellets should not be handled or disturbed. – See http://rutlandherald.com/article/20130814/NEWS03/708149881

Scientists scramble to solve NOVEL CORONAVIRUS mystery ~ NEBRASKA and NEW MEXICO issue TULAREMIA ALERTS ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS reports from AL, FL, GA, & SC ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CAx2, IL, IN, MA, NEx2, TXx3, & WI ~ RABIES reports from AL, KS, MT, RI, & TX.

This is not Earth revolving around the sun. It's a transmission electron micrograph of a novel coronavirus associated with MERS. Courtesy of NIAID, National Institutes of Health.

This is not a bright yellow sun shining on a red planet.. It’s a transmission electron micrograph of a novel coronavirus associated with MERS. Courtesy of NIAID, National Institutes of Health.

Global 07/01/13 nytimes.com: by Denise Grady – As the scientists peered into the darkness, their headlamps revealed an eerie sight. Hundreds of eyes glinted back at them from the walls and ceiling. They had discovered, in a crumbling, long-abandoned village half-buried in sand near a remote town in southwestern Saudi Arabia, a roosting spot for bats. It was an ideal place to set up traps. The search for bats is part of an investigation into a deadly new viral disease that has drawn scientists from around the world to Saudi Arabia. The virus, first detected there last year, is known to have infected at least 77 people, killing 40 of them, in eight countries. The illness, called MERS, for Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome, is caused by a coronavirus, a relative of the virus that caused SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), which originated in China and caused an international outbreak in 2003 that infected at least 8,000 people and killed nearly 800.

Bats_NPSAs the case count climbs, critical questions about MERS remain unanswered. Scientists do not know where it came from, where the virus exists in nature, why it has appeared now, how people are being exposed to it, or whether it is becoming more contagious and could erupt into a much larger outbreak, as SARS did. The disease almost certainly originated with one or more people contracting the virus from animals — probably bats — but scientists do not know how many times that kind of spillover to humans has occurred, or how likely it is to keep happening. There is urgency to the hunt for answers. Half the known cases have been fatal, though the real death rate is probably lower, because there almost certainly have been mild cases that have gone undetected. But the virus still worries health experts, because it can cause such severe disease and has shown an alarming ability to spread among patients in a hospital. It causes flulike symptoms that can progress to severe pneumonia. The disease is a chilling example of what health experts call emerging infections, caused by viruses or other organisms that suddenly find their way into humans. Many of those diseases are “zoonotic,” meaning they are normally harbored by animals but somehow manage to jump species. “As the population continues to grow, we’re bumping up against wildlife, and they happen to carry some nasty viruses we’ve never seen before,” said Peter Daszak, a disease ecologist and the president of EcoHealth Alliance, a scientific group that studies links between human health, the health of wild and domestic animals, and the environment.

MERS_CoV_mapSaudi Arabia has had the most patients so far (62), but cases have also originated in Jordan, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. Travelers from the Arabian peninsula have taken the disease to Britain, France, Italy and Tunisia, and have infected a few people in those countries. Health experts are also worried about the Hajj, the Muslim pilgrimage that will draw millions of visitors to Saudi Arabia in October. MERS has not reached the United States, but health officials have told doctors to be on the lookout for patients who get sick soon after visiting the Middle East. So far, more than 40 people in 20 states have been tested, all with negative results, according to Dr. Anne Schuchat, the director of the National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

cdc_logoThe illness can be spread by coughs and sneezes, or contaminated surfaces, and people with chronic diseases seem especially vulnerable. More men than women have fallen ill, possibly because women have been protected by their veils. A cluster of cases that began in a Saudi hospital in April ultimately involved 23 people, including several family members and health workers. One man infected seven people, each of whom spread the disease to at least one other person. Regardless of where they emerge, new illnesses are just “a plane ride away,” said Dr. Thomas Frieden, the director of the C.D.C. And while MERS is not highly contagious like the flu, he said, “the likelihood of spread is not small.” – For complete article with extensive information about vulnerability and transmission see http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/02/health/experts-scramble-to-trace-the-emergence-of-mers.html?pagewanted=2&tntemail0=y&_r=0&emc=tnt


Nebraska 06/28/13 Lincoln County: Two more cases of tularemia have been identified in the Lincoln County area. One of these is a 9-year-old boy. – See http://www.knopnews2.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&zoonosis_Tularemiaid=8164:two-cases-of-tularemia-in-area&Itemid=105

New Mexico 06/27/13 health.state.nm.us: News Release – The Department of Health announced today that tularemia cases are on the increase in several locations around the state. Since the middle of April there have been 4 cases in people and 6 cases in dogs and cats. The human cases include a 45-year-old man from Santa Fe County, an 88-year-old woman from McKinley County, a 62-year-old woman from Santa Fe County and a 75-year-old woman from San Juan County. Three of the human cases were hospitalized and all have recovered and gone home. Onset of illness in the most recent case was June 15. The pet cases include 2 cats and one dog from Santa Fe County, a dog from Sandoval County, a dog from Los Alamos County, and a cat from Torrance County. They have all recovered. – For complete release see http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20130627-Tularemia-EN.pdf

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

Mobile Cty ALAlabama 06/28/13 Mobile County: Health officials have confirmed that a sentinel chicken placed in the county has tested positive for EEE. No further information about location was provided. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/ce1a7c27e23b4190b11b245d044828f1/AL–Mosquitoes-Disease

Hernando cty FLFlorida 06/28/13 Hernando County: A sentinel chicken that is part of a flock located near State Road 50 and Ridge Manor Boulevard, near the landfill, in Spring Hill has tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.baynews9.com/content/news/baynews9/news/article.html/content/news/articles/bn9/2013/6/28/chicken_tests_positi.html

Brooks_County.GAGeorgia 06/28/13 Brooks County: The state Department of Agriculture has confirmed that another horse stabled in the county has tested positive for EEE. This is the second EEE-infected horse found in the county and the fourth case of EEE in an animal in the South Health District so far this year. – See http://www.wctv.tv/news/headlines/Horse-Tests-Positive-For-EEE-In-Brooks-County-213521901.html

Sumter_County.SCSouth Carolina 06/29/13 Sumter County: A foal stabled in the county that recently died has tested positive for EEE. Two adult horses that died at the same farm around the same time are suspected of also having EEE. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/8b2f85cdbf234c5eaaedf72f81a563ef/NC–EEE-Horse-Death

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Placer-County_CACalifornia 06/29/13 Placer County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquito samples taken from traps in Roseville and Sheridan have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.rocklintoday.com/news/templates/community_news.asp?articleid=11795&zoneid=4

Los Angeles Cty CACalifornia 06/28/13 Los Angeles County: Two dead American crows found at El Dorado Park in Long Beach have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.lbpost.com/news/2000002516-west-nile-virus-found-in-el-dorado-park-birds#.Uc5NOZymVFt


Cook cty ILIllinois 06/28/13 Cook County: Public health officials have found WNV in a batch of mosquitoes trapped in Chicago for the first time this year. – See http://abclocal.go.com/wls/story?section=news/local&id=9156241

Adams_County.LNIndiana 06/27/13 Adams County: The first signs of WNV in the county were found Friday in mosquitoes trapped in the county that tested positive for the virus. – See http://vaccinenewsdaily.com/medical_countermeasures/325773-indiana-detects-first-west-nile-virus-activity-of-2013/

plymouth cty MAMassachusetts 06/28/13 Plymouth County: Public health officials announced today that a mosquito collected on June 25th in Whitman has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www1.whdh.com/news/articles/local/boston/10011015074128/mosquito-tests-positive-for-west-nile-virus/

NebraskaPanhandleNebraska 07/01/13 Panhandle: Mosquito samples from the state’s Panhandle region have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.chadrad.com/newsstory.cfm?story=30038

Lincoln-County_NENebraska 06/29/13 Lincoln County: One human case of WNV has been confirmed in the county, and the virus has also been detected in mosquitoes trapped in the county this year. – See http://www.omaha.com/article/20130629/LIVEWELL01/706299910/1161

Erath_County_TXTexas 07/01/13 Erath County: Health officials have confirmed a human case of WNV in Dublin. – See http://www.yourstephenvilletx.com/news/local/article_5f9ba464-e27b-11e2-94de-001a4bcf887a.html

harris cty TXTexas 06/28/13 Harris County: A new sample of mosquitoes trapped in the 77520 zip code area of Baytown has tested positive for WNV. – See http://news92fm.com/363102/west-nile-virus-found-in-mosquitoes-in-baytown/

tarrant cty TXTexas 06/28/13 Tarrant County: The city of Grapevine has finished spraying in the vicinity of the Police Department at 300 W. Dallas Road where a mosquito was trapped on Thursday that later tested positive for WNV. – See http://impactnews.com/grapevine-to-retest-after-spraying/

Washington_County.WIWisconsin 06/28/13 Washington County: A dead crow found in the county is the first bird in the state to test positive for WNV this year. – See http://www.haywardwi.com/news/article_14cc6ac0-de77-11e2-8f10-0019bb2963f4.html?mode=story


raccoon_lgAlabama 07/01/13 Chilton County: A raccoon found last week near U.S. Highway 31 and County Road 29 has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.clantonadvertiser.com/2013/07/01/second-rabies-case-found-in-chilton-county/

KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERAKansas 07/01/13 McPherson County: On Monday, a cow kept in the county tested positive for rabies. This is the second case of rabies in the county and the 37th case statewide so far this year including 27 skunks, four bovines, two dogs, two cats, one fox and one bat. – See http://www.mcphersonsentinel.com/article/20130701/NEWS/130709977/1001/NEWS#axzz2XrJqSRm0

dog_skunk_338171703Montana 07/01/13 Yellowstone County: The Billings Police Department has announced the county is under a 60-Day Rabies Quarantine after a domestic dog at the Windsor Trailer Court in the Heights showed non-aggressive symptoms of rabies. Chief Rich St. John said the dog came in contact with a skunk. Further investigation revealed as many has 13 people were exposed to the virus, as well as other people and loose pets.- See http://www.kulr8.com/story/22737723/yellowstone-co-under-rabies-quarantine

help-mdRhode Island 07/01/13 Providence County: A 12-year-old boy was attacked by a dog during baseball practice Monday at the Gano Street ball fields in the City of Providence. The dog, described as a “brown, possible pit bull mix” bit his leg and arm. The dog’s owner, who left the scene before being identified, was described as “a white man in his 20s or 30s with collar length hair”. If authorities cannot determine whether the dog has been vaccinated for the virus, the boy is likely to need rabies prevention shots, which can be quite painful. – See http://www.turnto10.com/story/22734686/boy-attacked-by-dog-at-baseball-practice

IMG_1947Texas 07/01/13 Hays County: Health officials issued a Rabies Alert after a bat that tested positive for the virus was found in the filtration system at Coves of Cimmaron Community Pool, just ouside of Buda.  – See http://www.woai.com/content/news/newslinks/story/Rabies-alert-issued-in-Hays-County/Lao9Mb65kUSTEoOAfrJNDg.cspx

4 HOOSIERS contract SWINE FLU ~ NEBRASKA reports 6 cases of TULAREMIA this year ~ SASKATCHEWAN man dies of HANTAVIRUS ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CAx2, ID, IL, & MS ~ RABIES reports from MD, NC, SC, & VT.

Photo courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Photo courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Indiana 06/26/13 hoosieragtoday.com: by Gary Truitt – The Indiana State Department of Health is urging residents to take precautions when they visit county and 4-H fairs after four people contracted the H3N2 virus or swine flu, possibly after visiting the Grant County Agricultural Fair which ran from June 16 to 22.  A Grant County Health Department official told NewsChannel 15 that at least one of the four was an animal handler. The Indiana State Department of Health and the Grant County Health Department continue to investigate these cases. Human infections with H3N2 have most commonly occurred after close proximity to live infected pigs, such as working with them in barns and livestock exhibits at fairs. Influenza viruses are not transmitted by eating pork and pork products. According to the State Board of Animal Health, thirteen pigs at the fair tested positive for H3N2.  – For complete article see http://www.hoosieragtoday.com/index.php/2013/06/26/virus-hit-swine-at-grant-county-fair/


Nebraska 06/26/13 nebraskaradionetwork.com: by Karla James – Bacteria spread by tick and deer fly bites as well as through contact with rodents, dead Media.aspxor alive, is causing concern. Nebraska State Epidemiologist Dr. Tom Sefranek says there have been six cases of tularemia in the state so far this year. Dr. Sefranek says they carry a bacteria that gets into ones system and can cause a skin ulcer, spread through the body and infect the lymph nodes and other internal organs. He says tularemia can make a person quite ill and in some cases is deadly. – For complete article including prevention measures see http://nebraskaradionetwork.com/2013/06/26/six-confirmed-cases-of-tularemia-in-nebraska/



Deer mouse. CDC.

Deer mouse. CDC.

Saskatchewan 06/26/13 leaderpost.com: Health officials have confirmed that a man from the Heartland Health Region in the western section of the province has died from hantavirus. A second death in the same region is under investigation as possibly hantavirus-related, but it is not believed the two cases are connected. “Hantavirus is a rare but potentially fatal illness, usually contracted by exposure to infected rodents like deer mice. According to Saskatchewan’s Chief Medical Health Officer Dr. Saqib Shahab, the man’s death is the 24th hantavirus case in Saskatchewan since 1994. One third of hantavirus cases are fatal, with the majority of cases occurring in otherwise healthy adults.” – For complete article see http://www.leaderpost.com/technology/Saskatchewan+dies+from+hantavirus/8581490/story.html

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Butte Cty CACalifornia 06/27/13 Butte County: A squirrel found in Chico has tested positive for WNV. The virus has reached 19 other counties in the state this year and one human case has been confirmed. – See http://www.chicoer.com/news/ci_23549913/west-nile-virus-back-butte-county

San_Mateo_County_CACalifornia 06/25/13 San Mateo County: Two dead birds collected from the City of San Mateo on May 30 and June 2 have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.mercurynews.com/my-town/ci_23538463/first-two-dead-birds-test-positive-west-nile

Payette-County_IDIdaho 06/26/13 Payette County: Mosquitoes collected in the county have been confirmed to be carrying WNV. Officials said the mosquitoes were trapped southwest of downtown Fruitland. – See http://www.argusobserver.com/independent/news/west-nile-virus-found-in-payette-county/article_817bed12-de9f-11e2-ab22-001a4bcf887a.html

madisoncounty_ILIllinois 06/27/13 Madison County: A batch of mosquitoes collected Tuesday in Mitchell, just outside of Granite City, has tested positive for WNV. Mosquitoes testing positive for the virus have also been found in Cook, DuPage, McHenry, Perry, and St. Clair counties.  – See http://www.ksdk.com/news/article/386066/3/Mosquitoes-test-positive-for-West-Nile-virus-in-Madison-County

LowndesCounty-MSMississippi 06/27/13 Lowndes County: Health officials have confirmed that a third human case of WNV has been reported in the state this year. – See http://www.whlt.com/story/22704928/thid-west-nile-virus-case-reported-in-mississippi


help1Maryland 06/26/13 Frederick County: A bite at a park (in the City of Frederick) from a dog resembling a Jack Russell was enough Tuesday to prompt the Frederick County Health Department (FCHD) to spread the word about rabies. In a release issued Wednesday, the FCHD shared the owner of the dog is sought. Officials are attempting to avoid treating the woman bitten by the dog from receiving unnecessary post-exposure rabies vaccinations. The unattended dog bit the woman at Rivercrest Park (near Delaware Road) at about 9 a.m. Tuesday. The Jack Russell-type dog is brown and white and had a collar with tags.  Anyone within the area who has information about the owner’s identity is asked to contact the FCHD at 301-600-1717 or FCAC at 301-600-1544. – See http://www.abc2news.com/dpp/news/state/fchd-searching-for-owner-of-dog-that-bit-woman-at-park

MissouriDeptConservationNorth Carolina 06/26/13 Vance County: A raccoon that was attacked by two unvaccinated dogs Sunday at 1262 Stuart Farm Road has tested positive for rabies. Two family members have sought medical advice after being potentially exposed to the virus because they handled one of the dogs. Both dogs are to be euthanized. – See http://www.hendersondispatch.com/news/x1065838901/County-has-third-rabies-case-of-year

article-1277106566013-09EE76B9000005DC-717773_223x335South Carolina 06/26/13 Union County: A fox that bit a man in the Jonesville area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.goupstate.com/article/20130626/ARTICLES/306261019/1001/sports02?Title=Union-man-bitten-by-rabid-fox

111009110345_Raccoon3 - CopyVermont 06/27/13 Caledonia County: A hissing raccoon that bit an 11-year-old girl six times outside her friend’s home in Kirby on Sunday is being treated for potential exposure to rabies though the animal ran off and was never captured. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/d2e5a825f22e473aa925d995d3648dcf/VT–Raccoon-Attack

MASSACHUSETTS man attacked by BOBCAT ~ WYOMING rancher survives attack by GRIZZLY BEAR ~ ALASKA officials warn of TULAREMIA in SNOWSHOE HARES ~ NEBRASKA 4-year-old contracts TULAREMIA from TICK bite ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CAx2, IN, MI, SD, & WI ~ RABIES reports from CA, CO, MD, MA, MN, MO, OKx2, TX, & VAx2.

Bobcat. Photo courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Bobcat. Photo courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Massachusetts 06/20/13 telegram.com: by Steven H. Foskett Jr. – A (Holden resident) said he was able to fend off an attack by a bobcat Monday evening without suffering serious injury. Michael Votruba of 441 Causeway St. said he got home from work Monday, got out of his truck, and went back into the passenger side to grab his things when he saw an animal scurry across the yard and into a small alleyway between the carport and his house. He said he went back to the driveway and could see the animal coming out; it started growling, he said. He said it appeared to be a bobcat, and was looking straight at him. Mr. Votruba said the cat, which he estimated weighed around 25 to 30 pounds, started approaching him. He happened to be carrying his pistol, and drew his weapon. He said he took a couple of steps back, but then fell backward into the yard. That’s when the bobcat jumped on his leg. He was able to get the cat off his leg, get up and run a few steps, but when he turned around it jumped on his chest. He said he grabbed the cat by the neck, threw it to the ground, and shot it twice in the driveway. But the cat wasn’t done yet, and jumped back on his chest, he said. He fired two more shots, and the cat ran to the carport. His girlfriend, Justine Lapierre, was able to get his rifle, which was locked in the house. When he got the rifle, he fired a few more shots and said the animal appeared to have died. Mr. Votruba said he didn’t feel like he was injured in the immediate aftermath; he had holes in his shirt, but did not suffer any scratches to his chest. He had a scrape on his elbow. He said he went to UMass Memorial Medical Center — University Campus in Worcester, where he said he received seven rabies shots and an updated tetanus shot. – For complete article and photos see http://www.telegram.com/article/20130620/NEWS/106209903/-1/NEWS05

Author’s Note: Linda Bock of the Worcester Telegram & Gazette Staff reported on 06/21/13 that state Department of Health officials have confirmed the bobcat involved in the attack of Michael Votruba of Holden, Massachusetts, on Monday night tested positive for rabies.

Grizzly Attack:

grizzlybear_ca.gov-001Wyoming 06/20/13 seattlepi.com: The Wyoming Game and Fish Department is investigating an apparent grizzly bear attack on a rancher near Cody. Regional wildlife supervisor Alan Osterland  says the man suffered injuries in the attack at about 6:30 a.m. Thursday and was being treated at a hospital. Osterland says the injuries were not life-threatening. He declined to release the man’s name. Osterland says the rancher was working alone in an irrigation ditch about 20 miles southwest of Cody when the attack occurred. He says the man made it back to his house on his own. Osterland says the initial indication is that it was a chance encounter involving a sow with cubs. The area is within established grizzly bear habitat. Wildlife managers are trying to locate the bear involved. – See http://www.seattlepi.com/news/science/article/Bear-attack-reported-near-Cody-in-north-Wyoming-4612467.php


Snowshoe Hare.

Snowshoe Hare.

Alaska 06/19/13 adfg.alaska.gov: News Release – State officials have confirmed that a sick hare with many ticks that was taken to a veterinary clinic in Fairbanks last week died of tularemia. Wildlife veterinarian Dr. Kimberlee Beckman encouraged people to contact ADF&G at 459-7206 if they notice hares that appear to be ill, especially in the Fairbanks area where the first case identified this year originated. Signs that a hare is infected include lack of fear of people, “tameness”, lethargy, and sudden death. People can protect themselves by using gloves or a plastic bag if they have to touch a dead hare, and washing their hands afterwards. Don’t drink untreated water from areas that muskrats and beavers are likely to inhabit. Double bag and dispose of dead hares in trash or bury where dogs and scavengers can not get to them. – For complete release see http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/webintra/wcnews/2013/releases/06-20-2013.pdf

zoonosis_tularemia (2)Nebraska 06/21/13 nptelegraph.com: by Heather Johnson – A North Platte girl is recovering after contracting tularemia. Dr. Tom Safranek, Nebraska state epidemiologist, said six cases of the highly contagious disease have been confirmed in the state this year. Eva Nutter, 4, is one of them. Eva spent Memorial Day weekend swimming in Birdwood Creek and the Interstate lakes near Hershey. Afterward, her mother, Jennifer Nutter, noticed a tick on the left side of Eva’s neck. Jennifer said she pulled the bug off and forgot about it. Soon after, Eva developed a rash and fever and complained of neck pain. The lymph nodes behind her ear and by her clavicle swelled. Jennifer, a registered nurse, became concerned Eva might have meningitis. She took her to Great Plains Pediatrics in North Platte, where another tick was found in Eva’s hairline near her left ear. “The tick wasn’t imbedded completely, but it was evident it had been there for a while,” Jennifer said. “The site was infected. There was a red, swollen area about 3 inches wide that was hot to the touch.” Cultures were done, and Eva was put on an antibiotic and sent home. When she started complaining about a sore throat a few days later, Jennifer took her back to the pediatrician’s office. “By then, she had pustules on the roof of her mouth and her throat was swollen,” Jennifer said. “The areas where both ticks had bitten her were even more inflamed, and the skin around them was peeling.” More cultures were performed and Eva was put on another antibiotic, which she caused an allergic reaction. Ultimately, Eva was taken to the Children’s Hospital and Medical Center in Omaha. On June 6, she was diagnosed with tularemia, also known as rabbit fever or deer fly fever. Because of Jennifer’s nursing background, officials at the children’s hospital agreed to let her treat Eva at home with IV fluids. Eva received doses of Gentamicin three times a day for nine days and is feeling better, Jennifer said.

Tularemia1-300x200According to Safranek, tularemia can be life threatening. Caused by bacteria, it can attack the skin, eyes, lymph nodes, lungs and other internal organs. Safranek said the disease is most common in mammals, especially rodents and rabbits. Tularemia is transmitted through tick and deer fly bites, skin contact with infected animals, ingestion of contaminated water and inhalation of contaminated dusts and aerosols. “We’ve had scenarios where yard workers run over an infected rabbit carcass and the aerosols from it cause pneumonia,” Safranek said. “Those people can get really sick and die really fast.” He said the biggest problem with both tularemia and Rocky Mountain spotted fever, another tickborne disease, is that they are so uncommon they are often overlooked. “Doctors often misdiagnose them and prescribe the wrong antibiotics to treat them,” Safranek said. “The good news is they are preventable.” He said people should use care when handling dead animals, wear insect repellent and do frequent tick checks because the transmission rate is low if ticks are removed quickly. – For photo see http://www.nptelegraph.com/news/tick-bite-gives-np-girl-rare-disease/article_52556cba-b9b1-5082-ad94-cbf0e1ea309e.html

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Lake Cty CACalifornia 06/21/13 Lake County: by Mary Callahan – Mosquitoes collected last week near Kelseyville have tested positive for WNV. . . As of Wednesday, the virus had turned up in 13 California counties so far this year, with one human death reported in Sacramento. – See http://www.pressdemocrat.com/article/20130621/ARTICLES/130629913/1010/sports?Title=West-Nile-virus-found-in-Lake-County-mosquitoes

mapCalifornia 06/20/13 Los Angeles County: At least six dead crows found on the Palos Verdes Peninsula have tested positive for WNV this week. Three were in the Dapplegray Lanes area of Rolling Hills Estates, one in Rancho Palos Verdes, and five in Lomita. – See http://palosverdes.patch.com/groups/health/p/west-nile-virus-found-in-palos-verdes

Adams_County.INIndiana 06/21/13 Adams County: Health officials have confirmed the first signs of WNV activity in the state so far this year have been found in mosquitoes collected in the county. – See http://www.journalgazette.net/article/20130621/NEWS10/130629894/1002/LOCAL

saginaw cty MIMichigan 06/20/13 Saginaw County: A dead crow found in the northern end of the City of Saginaw has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.minbcnews.com/news/story.aspx?id=912315#.UcTEwZymVFu

imagesCABASWWI-001South Dakota 06/21/13 Brookings and Hughes counties: This season’s first WNV detections have been found in mosquito pools collected in the two counties. – See http://www.necn.com/06/21/13/West-Nile-virus-detected-in-mosquito-poo/landing_nation.html?&apID=02c03d0d3c314c40988c6590bf44bfd2

Washington_County.WIWisconsin 06/20/13 Washington County: A dead crow found in the county that tested positive for WNV is the first instance of the disease found in the state so far this year. – http://www.620wtmj.com/news/local/212393171.html


imagesCAG9WNS5California 06/20/13 Madera County: A skunk that was killed by a dog in the vicinity of North Fork has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.sierrastar.com/2013/06/20/63255/north-fork-area-skunk-tests-positive.html

batwarningColorado 06/19/13 Pueblo County: A bat found on San Carlos Road between La Vista and Starlight roads has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.koaa.com/news/first-case-of-rabies-confirmed-in-pueblo-county/

Maryland 06/20/13 Worcester County: An raccoon_largeaggressive raccoon that attacked a person Tuesday in the vicinity of Northside Park in Ocean City has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/health-officials-say-raccoon-that-attacked-person-in-ocean-city-found-to-have-rabies/2013/06/20/261a15cc-d9d4-11e2-b418-9dfa095e125d_story.html

the-fox-by-bully27-995x1024Massachusetts 06/20/13 Bristol County: New Bedford city officials said Thursday a fox that bit two people in the city’s North End has tested positive for rabies. A Rabies Alert has been issued to residents of New Bedford’s Sassaquin neighborhood, as well as in Freetown and Acushnet. – See http://www.turnto10.com/story/22648617/2-new-bedford-residents-exposed-to-rabies

Minnesota 06/19/13 Stearns County: Health officials have confirmed a second skunk found in St. Cloud within a week has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.sfgate.com/news/science/article/2nd-rabid-skunk-found-havahart-skunk_120 3821fefe9b4884850185047e22654718in-St-Cloud-4610667.php

Missouri 06/20/13 Bollinger County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert after several skunks and a dog found in the vicinity of Marble Hill tested positive for the virus. – http://pro.kzim-am.tritonflex.com/common/more.php?m=49&action=blog&r=1&post_id=32041

OK_State_Health_Department_logoOklahoma 06/20/13 pryordailytimes.com: So far this year, 41 cases of animal rabies have been confirmed in the state, including 25 skunks, nine cows, five dogs, one horse, and one fox. Animal rabies cases have been confirmed in counties located throughout the state. – For complete article see http://pryordailytimes.com/agriculture/x493356131/State-health-officials-advise-rabies-precautions

We_need_your_help62435 Oklahoma 06/19/13 Murray County: The state Department of Health is investigating whether anyone who handled a puppy that later died of rabies was exposed to the disease. The health agency said Wednesday the Bluetick/Walker Coonhound mix puppy was part of a litter of five or six 10-week-old puppies sold June 9th at the Bivens Dog Trade in Sulphur. The puppies have black, brown and white markings. One of the puppies developed symptoms of rabies on June 12 and died. Laboratory tests confirmed rabies. The agency is looking for the seller of the puppies. Anyone who bought one or may have come in contact with the puppies should contact the Health Department to determine if they were exposed to the virus.

grounded%20batTexas 06/18/13 Bexar County: by Jeff B. Finn – Kirby city officials successfully located, contacted and informed the family members of a quartet of youths who may have come into contact with a rabid bat at a city park. City Manager Tim Bolda said the June 2 incident involved a bat that landed in a grassy area near the city pool on Charles Conrad in Kirby. As many as four youths — three Kirby family members and a relative from out of town – could have been exposed to rabies, as the bat later tested positive for the disease. “We had confirmation from some of the people in the area that three or four kids were kicking at it,” Bolda said. “It got kicked into the pool near the filter.” Lifeguards immediately evacuated the pool and premises before donning gloves and retrieving the bat, which was properly stored until a Kirby animal control officer arrived and secured the dead animal. Animal Services Manager Christie Banduch began contacting as many of the 51 people at the pool that afternoon, to inform them of the potential hazard and to learn which group of pool attendees may have come into contact with the bat. Once the city received positive lab results June 5 from the Bexar County Metropolitan Health District lab, the city began an intense search for those who were near the bat. – See http://www.mysanantonio.com/community/northeast/news/article/Kirby-responds-to-rabid-bat-incident-at-city-4608039.php

2326318Virginia 06/19/13 City of Danville: A fox found in the vicinity of Henry Street has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wdbj7.com/news/wdbj7-fox-in-danville-tests-positive-for-rabies-20130619,0,4160974.story

Help-520x437Virginia 06/19/13 City of Williamsburg: The Peninsula Health District is on the lookout for a tan and black pit bull wearing a blue collar after the dog bit a person Sunday in the Windy Hill Mobile Home Park in James City County. Once the dog is found, it will be placed on in-home confinement for 10 days while it’s tested. If the dog cannot be found, the victim may have to receive post-exposure treatment for the prevention of rabies, according to a news release from PDH. If you see the dog, call PDH at 603-4277. If you see the dog after normal business hours, call James City County Animal Control at 253-1800.

BLACK BEAR mauls WISCONSIN man ~ LONE STAR TICK invading northern states ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS report from FLORIDA ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CA, MS, OR, & TX ~ RABIES reports from GA, NY, NC, & OR.

Black bear. Photo by Mark Dumont. Wikimedia Commons.

Black bear. Photo by Mark Dumont. Wikimedia Commons.

Wisconsin 06/18/13 therepublic.com: A man who was attacked by a black bear outside a cabin in northwestern Wisconsin is recovering at a hospital. The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources says the man was attacked in his yard near Shell Lake on Monday night. DNR carnivore specialist David ShellLake_WIMacFarland says the man’s dog apparently initiated contact with the bear. MacFarland says the man’s brother came out of the cabin and shot and injured the bear, which ran away. The Burnett County Sheriff’s Department says the man was taken to a hospital in Shell Lake. He was then airlifted to a hospital in the Twin Cities. MacFarland says he’s in stable condition. DNR wildlife supervisor Mike Zeckmeister says officials have set up traps for the bear in case it returns.

Lone Star Tick:

Lone Star tick. CDC.

Lone Star tick. CDC.

New England 06/18/13 telegram.com: by Mark Blazis – Deer ticks are bad news. But we may soon be faced with an expanding population of one of their even more dangerous cousins. A Tufts Vet School Lyme disease authority, Dr. Sam Telford, shared that Lone Star ticks (Amblyomma americanum) — the major infectious villains from New Jersey south to Florida, west to Texas and Kansas, and up to Illinois — are now in Massachusetts and have been recorded as far north as Maine. With global warming, should we be surprised about hosting yet another southern invader? Maybe not — but we should be very concerned. In Dr. Telford’s words, “Lone Star ticks are very bad news.”

4ec92835b5a88b8e7531e7291b83c271LST’s transmit STARI, southern tick associated rash illness, a disease that mimics Lyme disease, as well as monocytic ehrlichiosis, Ehrlichia ewingii ehrlichiosis, rickettsiosis and tularemia. They are also suspected vectors of a recently recognized phlebovirus that caused two hemorrhagic fever cases in Missouri. There’s even speculation that LST’s can cause alpha gal, an allergy to red meat. Lone Star ticks are unusually aggressive, regularly moving considerable distances in pursuit of a blood host. Because their nymphs and larvae feed mainly on deer, Dr. Telford advises that we should encourage and support deer hunting to adequately manage our herds wherever they pose a problem.

Dr. Sam Telford

Dr. Sam Telford

Lone Star ticks tend to live in very specific habitats, notably where kudzu and bittersweet, two alien invasives, proliferate. Fortunately, at least for now, Telford notes, infestations of them fizzle out. Locally, the only stable populations are on Prudence Island in Rhode Island, Cuttyhunk, and Nashawena. Telford finds it odd that they’ve been there since the 1960’s and have not spread far into the surrounding mainland, though Long Island is now loaded with them. – For complete article see http://www.telegram.com/article/20130618/COLUMN10/106189831

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

Florida 06/19/13 Bradford County: Health officials have confirmed that two horses stabled in the county have tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.news4jax.com/news/horses-test-positive-for-eee-in-bradford-county/-/475880/20636580/-/lfebuk/-/index.html

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Merced_County_CACalifornia 06/17/13 Merced County: A crow picked up May 29th on Wallis Avenue in Gustine has tested positive for WNV. http://www.westsideconnect.com/2013/06/17/gustine-bird-tests-positive-for-west-nile-virus/

forrest cty MSMississippi 06/19/13 Forrest County: Health officials confirm a human case of WNV has been reported in the county. This is the second human case of the virus reported in the state so far this year. The first was in Madison County in April. – See http://www.wjtv.com/story/22633957/one-new-human-case-of-west-nile-virus

malheur cty OROregon 06/19/13 Malheur County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in the Harper/Little Valley area have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.oregonlive.com/health/index.ssf/2013/06/west_nile_turns_up_in_mosquito.html

denton cty TXTexas 06/18/13 Denton County: A mosquito trapped in Flower Mound is the second in the county to test positive for WNV this year. This one was trapped in the 6600 block of Orchard Drive on the town’s south side. – See http://www.nbcdfw.com/news/health/Flower-Mound-Deals-with-2nd-Positive-West-Nile-Virus-Test-212053281.html


LittleBrownBat_USDAGeorgia 06/17/13 Hall County: Health officials have issued a Rabies Alert after a bat found inside a house in Gainesville tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.dailyjournal.net/view/story/2ed14ad1ae3b4c729ef6249983c5988d/GA–Gainesville-Rabid-Bat/

Red_fox_USFWSNew York 06/17/13 Saratoga County: A fox that bit a 9-year-old boy’s hands and legs June 9th on Staffords Bridge Road in the town of Saratoga has tested positive for rabies.-See http://www.saratogian.com/articles/2013/06/17/news/doc51bfbf81a5745488485047.txt

Racoon15642North Carolina 06/18/13 New Hanover County: A raccoon that fought with a vaccinated dog on Greenville Avenue in Wilmington Friday has tested positive for rabies. The dog’s owner was potentially exposed to the virus after the altercation and was advised to seek medical advice. This is the fifth 5th case of animal rabies in the county so far this year. – See http://www.starnewsonline.com/article/20130618/ARTICLES/130619622

Bat 1on sidewalkOregon 06/18/13 Grant County: A bat found crawling on a sidewalk during daylight hours last week in Canyon City has tested positive for rabies. This is the second rabid bat reported in the county in the past month. – See http://www.bluemountaineagle.com/free/second-rabid-bat-found-in-grant-county/article_8afffb26-d873-11e2-9ad5-001a4bcf887a.html

Private RHODE ISLAND breeder sells BIRDS infected with PSITTACOSIS ~ CANADIAN biologist fends off BEAR attack ~ ILLINOIS warns PET owners two CATS test positive for TULAREMIA ~ WEST NILE VIRUS report from TENNESSEE ~ RABIES reports from AR, & OH.

Pseudeos Fuscata. Photo by Greg Hume. Wikimedia Commons.

Pseudeos Fuscata. Photo by Greg Hume. Wikimedia Commons.

Rhode Island 06/10/13 providencejournal.com: by Taiana Pina – The Department of Environmental Management says it has found a bacterial infection called psittacosis in a privately owned flock of psittacine birds in Pawtucket. Birds from the flock were sold to pet shops where they may have infected other birds. People can also contract the disease. Psittacine birds are parrots and parrot-like birds such as parakeets, cockatiels and love birds. The woman who was breeding them took them to a veterinarian in Barrington, who notified state veterinarian Scott Marshall. Marshall said the woman who was breeding cockatiels and love birds was not licensed. He said the DEM submitted the dead birds to the University of Connecticut where the birds were confirmed to be infected with psittacosis. Birds from the woman’s flock were sold to Critter Hut Aquarium and Pets at 6637 Post Road in North Kingstown and the Critter Hut at 91 Point Judith Road, Narragansett.

imagesCAV5NSVIThe disease can infect people who have contact with infected birds. People and birds infected with the disease can be cured with antibiotics. The pet shops have been cleaned and disinfected and do not represent an ongoing animal health or public health risk, the DEM said. The DEM is concerned that people may have purchased diseased or exposed birds from these pet shops. Marshall said anyone with an illness that has purchased a psittacine bird from one of the locations on or after Feb. 1, 2013 should contact the Department of Health for evaluation. Anyone who purchased the birds at the pet shop should also contact their veterinarian for guidance on testing and treatment of the disease. Health and DEM say the disease is generally very treatable. Rapid identification of infection is essential, and people should contact the health department at 222-2577 or RI State Veterinarian Scott Marshall, DVM at DEM at 222-4700 ext. 4503.

Bear Alert:


bear-attack-bear-sprayOntario 06/10/13 timminspress.com: A biologist doing surveying work in the Foleyet area fended off a persistent attack by a black bear using a repellant spray Sunday. The incident occurred in the vicinity of Vimy Creek, near the Groundhog River. The predatory actions of the bear were suppressed by the use of spray but the bear continued to return to the man on a number of occasions over a period of 40 minutes, the provincial police in Foleyet reported Monday. The man managed to reach his truck without injury and attended the OPP detachment to report the incident. The OPP has now issued a warning to those in the Kukatush Road area in Reese Township “for work, fishing, or recreation to be particularly wary of bear activity.” Police also advise anyone venturing into the forest to exercise caution. This bear encounter in Foleyet is the second such attack on a person in the Northeastern region in less than a month. In mid May, a Toronto man was seriously injured when he was mauled by a black bear while staying a cabin near Cochrane. In that incident, the man’s scalp was torn off and the victim required 300 stitches to close his wounds. – For complete article see http://www.timminspress.com/2013/06/10/biologist-fends-off-bear-attack-near-foleyet


80ab05b3670e2bdcb7165060f8167dfd (2)Illinois 06/11/13 Champaign County: Health officials have issued a Tularemia Alert after two cats tested positive for the disease, also known as rabbit fever, in the Champaign-Urbana Public Health District. – See http://www.news-gazette.com/news/local/2013-06-11/tularemia-cases-c-u-prompt-warning-keep-cats-inside.html

West Nile Virus (WNV):

080722_west_nile_generic (2)Tennessee 06/11/13 Knox County: Health officials confirm that mosquitoes found in the vicinity of South Chapman Highway in South Knoxville have tested positive for WNV. These are the first mosquitoes to test positive in the county this year. Spraying is scheduled to begin on June 13th. – See http://www.wbir.com/news/article/277107/2/West-Nile-Virus-found-in-South-Knox-mosquitoes-spraying-set-for-Thursday-night


cat-child-300x225Arkansas 06/10/13 Lonoke County: A pet cat belonging to a family in Cabot has tested positive for rabies. The cat had not been vaccinated as required by law. – See http://www.thv11.com/news/health/268315/126/Pet-cat-tests-positive-for-rabies

neverbarehandedsmOhio 06/10/13 Crawford County: A bat found by a homeowner working outside in Jefferson Township has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.10tv.com/content/stories/2013/06/10/bucyrus-rabid-bat-found.html

TICKS near CALIFORNIA’s Los Penasquitos Canyon Preserve test positive for TULAREMIA ~ MISSISSIPPI confirms first HUMAN case of WEST NILE VIRUS in 2013 ~ RABIES reports from CT, FL, GAx2, MD, NJ, NCx3, PA, TXx3, VT, VAx2, & CANADA: ONTARIO ~ TRAVEL WARNING: CDC issues LEVEL 1 TRAVEL WATCH on NOVEL INFLUENZA A (H7N9) VIRUS.

Black tailed jack rabbit. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Black tailed jack rabbit. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

California 04/09/13 pomeradonews.com: Several ticks trapped in routine monitoring near Los Penasquitos Canyon Preserve March 29 have tested positive for tularemia, also known as “rabbit fever,” San Diego County Department of Environmental Health officials said Tuesday. The National Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) say tularemia is a potentially dangerous illness that people can contract from infected animals such as rabbits and rodents in a number of ways — through direct contact with an infected animal; by drinking or inhaling contaminated water, dust or aerosols; or through “vectors,” pests such as ticks that bite an infected animal and then a person. . .

American dog tick. CDC.

American dog tick. CDC.

Dr. Wilma Wooten, County Public Health Officer, said tularemia cannot be transmitted from person-to-person and can be treated with antibiotics. However, Wooten said that the illness can be serious and even deadly in rare cases, and that people should consult their doctors immediately if they think they have contracted the disease. – For complete article including protective measures see http://www.pomeradonews.com/2013/04/09/ticks-in-penasquitos-preserve-test-positive-for-%E2%80%98rabbit-fever%E2%80%99/

Author’s Note: According to the CDC, ticks that transmit tularemia to humans include the dog, wood, and lone star ticks. Deer flies also carry the disease.

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Madison County

Madison County

Mississippi 04/08/13 Madison County: State health officials confirmed the state’s first human case of WNV this year. Last year, the state reported 250 confirmed cases including 5 deaths. – See http://www.wjtv.com/story/21914595/first-ms-west-nile-virus-case-confirmed-for-2013


13620Connecticut 04/08/13 New London County: A cat found in the area of Bank and Howard streets near Crocker’s Boatyard in the city of New London has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.theday.com/article/20130408/NWS01/130409576/1047/NWS

Florida 04/01/13 Marion County: Health officials have confirmed that a raccoon found in the northern section of the county has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wuft.org/news/2013/04/01/raccoon-tests-positive-raccoon_lgmarion-county-officials-issue-rabies-alert/

Georgia 04/08/13 Hall County: A raccoon that fought with five dogs in the vicinity of Toombs Street in Lula recently has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.accessnorthga.com/detail.php?n=260223

Georgia 04/04/13 Fayette County: A raccoon reported acting disoriented in the vicinity of Lone Oak Drive off Padgett Road in Starr’s Mill has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.thecitizen.com/articles/04-04-2013/rabid-raccoon-killed-south-starr%E2%80%99s-mill-area

Help2164Maryland 04/08/13 Carroll County: A person was bitten by a dog on Autumn View Drive in Sykesville April 4 and will undergo expensive post-exposure rabies shots if the dog is not found and verified to be healthy before April 12, according to a Carroll County Health Department. Residents are being asked to help find this dog or its owner so that the rabies shots will be unnecessary. According to a press release, the dog is a Shepherd mix, medium build, and is not wearing a collar. Contact the Carroll County Health Department at 410-876-1334 or the Carroll County Humane Society at 410-848-44810 with any information.



New Jersey 04/02/13 Cape May County: Officials will distribute 41,000 oral rabies vaccine baits throughout the county beginning April 22nd.  Most of the bait will be air-dropped, but some will be distributed by hand in raccoon habitats such as storm drains and other areas considered inaccessible from the air. – See http://www.shorenewstoday.com/snt/news/index.php/cape-may-county/36745-hed-more-than-41000-vaccine-laden-baits-to-be-distributed-in-county.html

North Carolina 04/05/13 Wake County: Three unvaccinated dogs were euthanized after a raccoon that one of the dogs interacted with in the 4800 block of Clifton Road in Knightdale tested positive for rabies. That dog also tested positive for rabies and the other two dogs lived in the same household. – See http://www.wral.com/three-dogs-euthanized-in-knightdale-after-rabies-exposure/12310812/

images4g44g78North Carolina 04/04/13 Orange County: A raccoon that was killed by a vaccinated dog in the vicinity of NC Highways 15 & 501 and Bennett Road in Chapel Hill on Monday has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wral.com/fourth-rabies-case-reported-in-orange-county/12304604/

North Carolina 04/04/13 Guilford County: A raccoon found on Longview Road in High Point has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.news-record.com/news/1010575-91/guilford-county-sees-third-case

Pennsylvania 04/03/13 Crawford County: Two raccoons that were reported fighting with unvaccinated dogs in separate incidents have tested positive for rabies. The first incident occurred March 25th on Towpath Road in Union Township. The dog received rabies vaccine and has been quarantined for 180 days. The second incident occurred March 28th in the vicinity of Gravel Run Road in Woodcock Township. The dog was euthanized. – See http://www.titusvilleherald.com/articles/2013/04/03/news/doc515b965f00826605497625.txt

Texas 04/08/13 Tarrant County: A skunk reported by a resident near Timber Run Drive in Southwest Arlington has tested positive for rabies. It was reported that a dog found the injured skunk on March 30th. – See skunk245mn2http://www.arlingtonvoice.com/story/news/04/08/2013/skunk-southwest-arlington-tests-positive-rabies

Texas 04/01/13 McLennan County: A skunk found in the 400 block of Shadow Mountain in Woodway has tested positive for rabies. This is the third case of animal rabies in the Waco-area within the last week. – See http://www.wacotrib.com/news/greater_waco/woodway/rabies-confirmed-in-woodway-skunk/article_6d4220c3-9523-5ba5-b135-a8755d1b4ba8.html

batPosterTexas 04/02/13 Galveston and Harris counties: A bat picked up at Friendswood High School on March 28 has tested positive for rabies. No human exposure was reported. – See http://www.yourhoustonnews.com/friendswood/news/bat-tests-positive-for-rabies/article_cffc7956-63e6-5630-8bfe-fcebea85af11.html

Raccoon-SiedePreis-smVermont 04/08/13 Franklin County: Three raccoons found recently in separate incidents in the vicinity of New, High, and Federal streets in St. Albans have tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.fox44abc22yourvoice.com/story/21907750/another-raccoon-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-st-albans

800px-Cats-1Caduser2003WCVirginia 04/02/13 Stafford County: A feral cat that scratched two women on March 24 has tested positive for rabies. Authorities are now looking for six other feral cats that were in the same area when the rabid cat was captured. – See http://www.necn.com/04/02/13/Rabies-confirmed-in-stray-cat-in-Staffor/landing_nation.html?&apID=91a8c174efa3449e90f9705cbc0306fa

rabid-raccoon-200x120 - CopyVirginia 04/04/13 Gloucester County: A dead raccoon found in the Roanes area of the county has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.dailypress.com/news/gloucester-county/dp-nws-gloucester-rabies-0405-20130404,0,2111939.story


HelpCardOntario 04/04/13 Grey County: A teenager was walking near St. Vincent and Margaret Streets in Meaford around 5 PM on Monday when he was bitten by a dog. The dog is described as a black, white and brown beagle. Health officials say the dog was one of three dogs that were being walked by two people. Staff of the Grey Bruce Health Unit want to find the dog owner to confirm the animal is not infectious with rabies. That way, the teenage boy can avoid post-exposure rabies treatment. If you have any information related to this incident, please contact the Grey Bruce Health Unit at 519-376-9420. – See http://www.bayshorebroadcasting.ca/news_item.php?NewsID=55972

Travel Warning:

ChinaGlobal 04/05/13 cdc.gov: Traveler’s Health Notice – On April 1, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced that influenza A (H7N9), a type of flu usually seen in birds, has been identified in a number of people in China. Cases have been confirmed in the following provinces: Shanghai, Jiangsu, Anhui, and Zhejiang. This is the first time this virus has been seen in people. Symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Infection with the new virus has yunnan_mapresulted in severe respiratory illness and, in some cases, death. Chinese health authorities are conducting investigations to learn the source of the infections with this virus and to find other cases. CDC is following this situation closely and coordinating with domestic and international partners in a number of areas. More information will be posted as it becomes available. There is no recommendation against travel to China at this time. – For complete Notice see http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/watch/avian-flu-h7n9-china.htm

RABBIT hunter in NORTH CAROLINA contracts TULAREMIA ~ MICE captured at CALIFORNIA nature preserve test positive for HANTAVIRUS ~ RABIES reports from AR, KS, & VA.

Eastern Cottontail Rabbit. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Eastern Cottontail Rabbit. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

North Carolina 02/19/13 wilsontimes.com: by Jon Jimison – The N.C. Wildlife Commission and state Division of Public Health are encouraging hunters to take precautions after a rabbit hunter in eastern North Carolina tested positive for a rare but serious disease called tularemia, also known as rabbit fever. A second member of the same hunting party also showed signs of the disease. “We’re just asking hunters to take precautions and be aware,” said Carolyn Rickard, spokeswoman for the N.C. Wildlife Commission. Rabbit hunting season in North Carolina runs from Nov. 17 to Feb. 28. Both hunters appear to be recovering, the commission noted. Although rare, rabbit fever is a serious and potentially fatal disease. It’s also one where preventative measures can be taken. Marilyn Haskell, public health veterinarian and epidemiologist with the N.C. Division of Public Health, said the division’s role is to prevent diseases and its employees would like to get a prevention and education message out to the public.

Tularemia vectors.

Tularemia vectors.

Tularemia is a disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It’s typically found in animals, especially rodents and rabbits. Most cases occur in rural areas. There have been 17 cases reported in North Carolina since 1999.“That is combined, confirmed and probable,” said Haskell, who specializes in rabies and zoonotic diseases. “It can make you very, very sick. We want hunters to know you can get very sick and the rabbit can appear very normal.” There are about 200 cases reported annually in the United States. The disease has a 30 percent mortality rate in some forms if left untreated. It’s treated with antibiotics, Haskell said. All cases this year in North Carolina have been confined to the current investigation. Officials said they wouldn’t name the eastern North Carolina county where the disease was reported due to patient confidentiality concerns. – For complete article see http://www.wilsontimes.com/News/Feature/Story/18247908—Hunter-contracts–rabbit-fever-


hantavirus1542California 02/21/13 pe.com: by Richard Brooks – Three mice found in a nature preserve northeast of Moreno Valley have tested positive for hantavirus, Riverside County health officials said. The rodents were among 34 captures during January in Norton Younglove Reserve in the hills between San Timoteo Canyon Road and Highway 60. Hantavirus can be fatal to humans, cautions the national Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. People become infected through contact with infected rodents, the animals’ urine or droppings. Victims develop fever and headache that can lead to respiratory failure. Rodent control in and around homes remains the primary strategy to prevent catching hantavirus. “Over the past decade, approximately 10 percent of the rodents collected in Riverside County have tested positive for hantavirus,” county Department of Environmental Health officials said in a written statement released Thursday, Feb. 21. “To date, there are no documented human cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome originating within Riverside County,” However, they caution people to avoid stirring up debris while cleaning mouse-infested areas, especially in rural areas. Cleanup work should be done while wearing rubber gloves and leaving a 10 percent solution of bleach or household disinfectant on contaminated surfaces for at least 15 minutes. Sponges and mops should be used, rather than brooms and vacuums, officials emphasize. And dead rodents should be double-bagged in plastic before disposal.


Rabies. Cow dying of rabies.  Copyright ITMArkansas 02/19/13 Madison County: A cow kept in Kingston has tested positive for rabies. Officials believe the cow was bitten by a rabid skunk, probably 4-12 weeks prior to showing any symptoms. Cows typically develop a hoarse bellow. Drooling and abnormal swallowing may make them appear to have something caught in their throats. Some animals may only show depression and weakness, or partial paralysis, of the hindquarters. During the course of several hours to a few days, the animal will go down, develop convulsive seizures and die. – See http://harrisondaily.com/cow-dies-of-rabies-near-kingston/article_27087632-7ae2-11e2-8883-0019bb2963f4.html

dog_skunk_338171703Kansas 02/22/13 Greenwood County: A skunk found biting and holding onto a dog’s tail in an area northeast of Eureka has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.emporiagazette.com/news/article_e337b54e-7d11-11e2-af83-10604b9f7e7c.html

raccoon_largeVirginia 02/22/13 Hampton: A raccoon that attacked a family dog on Wednesday at the Sandy Bottom Nature Park has tested positive for rabies. – See http://hamptonroads.com/2013/02/raccoon-attacked-dog-hampton-had-rabies