Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) reports from Alabama, Florida (3), Massachusetts, Michigan, New York (2), and Rhode Island; West Nile Virus (WNV) reports from Connecticut, Florida (2), Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts (2), and Rhode Island; and a National Summary of EEE and WNV cases in horses prepared by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Alabama 09/10/10 medicalnewstoday.com: The Alabama Department of Public Health has confirmed three positive cases of Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) in horses located in Baldwin, Escambia, and Washington Counties. Public Health receives positive case reports from the Alabama Department of Agriculture, and the agencies work together to identify areas of arboviral disease within the state. For the full report go to http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/200646.php .

Connecticut 09/12/10 medilexicon.com: Twenty Connecticut towns are reported to have West Nile Virus positive mosquitoes, Department of Public Health Commissioner Dr. J. Robert Galvin informs. Connecticut’s Mosquito Management Program announced that a resident of Clinton recently tested positive for WNV (West Nile Virus) and has been admitted to hospital.  The elderly resident showed symptoms of fever, severe headache, weakness and fatigue during the first month of September and is in hospital for meningitis. Laboratory tests confirmed the presence of WNV antibodies.  Six people have been reported with WNV infection in the state so far this year, the other five are from Bridgeport, Greenwich, New Haven, Stamford and Trumbull. Health authorities say two more individuals who travelled out of state also became infected.  The 20 towns where WNV-positive mosquitoes have been identified include Bethel, Bridgeport, Darien, Fairfield, Greenwich, Manchester, Meriden, Milford, Newtown, Norwalk, New Britain, New Haven, Orange, Stamford, Stratford, Trumbull, Wallingford, West Haven, Westport and Wethersfield.

Florida 09/11/10 palmbeachpost.com: by Wayne K. Roustan – The Palm Beach County Health Department is issuing an advisory suggesting residents avoid mosquito bites.  Three more sentinel chickens have tested positive for exposure to the West Nile virus in southwestern Palm Beach County, according to the Health Department.  That brings the total to 12 in the past month.  Palm Beach County also has a second confirmed case of Eastern equine encephalitis in a Wellington horse that was euthanized earlier this month, according to health officials.

Florida 09/10/10 myfoxtampbay.com: The Polk County Health Department says a horse that died recently has tested positive for Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE).  The horse was found in a rural area on the outskirts of Lake Wales and had not been vaccinated, officials say, adding that this is the fourth horse in the county to die this year from EEE.  Though no human cases of EEE have been reported in Polk County this year, the health department is reminding all residents that the mosquito-borne illness can be transferred to people and can cause mild to severe symptoms.

Florida 09/08/10 orlandosentinel.com: by Marissa Cevallos – This year’s only two confirmed cases of the West Nile virus in Florida have both been in Orange County, according to health officials. One of those resulted in a death.  An 80-year-old man who lived in east Orange County died recently of the mosquito-borne illness, county health officials said, but they did not give the exact date to protect the patient’s privacy. He contracted the illness in July.  A 40-year-old man who lives in west Orange County also contracted the disease in July and is recovering at home, said health officials.   Neither man had been traveling, leading epidemiologists to think that both were bitten by local mosquitoes, said Dain Weister, spokesman for the Orange County Health Department. Mosquitoes have been more active lately across the state, he said.   Within the last week, the West Nile virus has been spotted in sentinel chickens in Orange, Lee, Brevard, Palm Beach, St. Johns and Walton counties, according to the state health department. The chickens are used by mosquito-control experts to monitor and track the illness.  Last year, only two West Nile cases were reported in Florida — one in Lee County and the other in Miami-Dade County. The last West Nile case in Orange was in 2002.  Four Floridians have died this year from Eastern equine encephalitis, or EEE, another mosquito-borne illness.

Indiana 09/08/10 pal-item.com: Wayne County is one of 32 Indiana counties with mosquitoes infected with West Nile virus.  Wayne County has no reports of human cases of West Nile virus, but two human cases have been reported in the state, one each in Allen and Marion counties.  Wayne County environmental health specialist Mark Linderman said West Nile likely is present in all Indiana counties, but the state doesn’t report the disease until infected mosquitoes have been found there.  More than 20 Indiana residents have died of West Nile virus since 2002.  Wayne and Fayette counties each had one batch of mosquitoes test positive for the virus. Jay County had eight batches of mosquitoes


with the virus, according to the Indiana Department of Health website.

Kentucky 09/10/10 thehorse.com: by Megan Arszman – A second horse in Kentucky was confirmed this week with having West Nile virus (WNV). The 6-year-old Morgan stallion, located in Shelby County just southeast of Louisville, was found down and unable to rise and was later euthanized.  Just as with the first Kentucky horse, this WNV-affected horse was not vaccinated for the mosquito-borne virus. In 2009 eight horses in Kentucky were confirmed with having WNV, with six confirmed as unvaccinated.

Massachusetts 09/10/10 whdh.com: State public health officials say two more human cases of mosquito-borne West Nile virus have been confirmed in Massachusetts.  They are the second and third confirmed human cases in the state this year.  The Department of Public Health announced Thursday that an elderly woman from Worcester County was hospitalized on Aug. 19 after developing symptoms. She has since been discharged.  A Middlesex County woman between the ages of 45 and 64 remains hospitalized, but is improving.

Massachusetts 09/08/10 wbztv.com: Mosquitoes infected with Eastern Equine Encephalitis and West Nile Virus have been found in two areas of New Bedford.  The Massachusetts Department of Public Health confirms the positive tests in both the Hicks Logan Area/ Riverside Park, and in the area of Oak Grove Cemetery. 
Michigan 09/12/10 mlive.com: by Rosemary Parker – Cool weather may have slowed mosquito action, but it hasn’t ended it entirely.  With seven more horses dead in the last week from Eastern equine encephalitis, health officials are repeating the advice they’ve given since the disease outbreak began in July: People should avoid being bitten by mosquitoes and horse owners should get their animals vaccinated.  The most recent cases include two horses in Calhoun County and one each in Allegan, Kalamazoo, Jackson, Eaton and Shiawassee counties. That brings the summer’s total for cases diagnosed by laboratory testing or clinical observation of symptoms to 119. Laboratory testing has confirmed that 42 Michigan horses have been stricken by the disease; one 3-year-old gelding in Barry County survived, but the rest died. An additional 77 have been diagnosed as having had the deadly mosquito-borne virus based on their symptoms. Only four of those horses are still alive.  The affected counties, according to Michigan Department of Agriculture records, are: Allegan, Barry, Branch, Calhoun, Cass, Eaton, Hillsdale, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Livingston, Oakland, St. Joseph and Shiawassee. Six horses have died without a county of residence recorded.   The disease is spread by mosquitoes from birds to horses and people and has hit three Michigan people so far this year. No vaccine can protect people from the illness, so avoiding mosquitoes is the best defense.  Horses in the affected areas should be kept in their stables from dusk to dawn, peak activity time for mosquitoes; vaccinated horses close to areas where horses have died may need to get booster shots, too. Veterinarians have access to more precise information about the locations in which horses have died.  Contact Rosemary Parker at rparker@kalamazoogazette.com or 269-388-2734.

National 09/10/10 thehorse.com: by Megan Arszman – So far there have been 27 West Nile Virus (WNV) cases in horses in the United States and 150 confirmed cases of eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) in horses, according to the USDA’s National Animal Health Surveillance System.

New York 09/11/10 wsyr.com: After days of delay, the Onondaga County Health Department was able to conduct its mosquito spraying over

Cicero Swamp

the Cicero Swamp area. The spraying started just before 7:00 pm and lasted for about two hours.  Saturday’s spraying follows the discovery of more pools of Triple-E, according to the Onondaga County Health Department.   Five new pools of mosquitoes carrying Eastern Equine Encephalitis were discovered in the swamp.  One person has been confirmed dead in Onondaga County after being diagnosed with EEE. Earlier in the month, the department found infected mosquitoes known for biting humans. Previously, several other pools had been found, but only those of the bird-biting variety. Numerous pools have been identified in counties throughout Central New York, particularly in the Oneida Lake area.

New York 09/10/10 wktv.com: The Madison County Health Department announced Friday that a mosquito pool collected on August 30 has tested positive for Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) virus. The pool of Culiseta melanura mosquitoes was from a trap located off Smith Ridge Road in the Town of Sullivan. This type of mosquito is primarily a bird-biting mosquito. Results were received from the New York State Health Department on Friday, September 10. This is the second mosquito pool collected from Madison County that has tested positive for EEE this summer, and both were collected from the same Smith Ridge trap site.

Rhode Island 09/12/10 whjjtalkradio920.com: State public health officials say they have found mosquito-borne diseases in insects trapped in three communities.  The Rhode Island Department of Health announced Wednesday that mosquitoes trapped in Westerly have tested positive for Eastern equine encephalitis, while mosquitoes trapped in South Kingstown and Pawtucket are infected with West Nile virus.


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