California 10/26/10 the valleypost.com: Santa Cruz County agencies reminded residents to avoid contact with bats and other wild animals after a second bat tested positive for rabies in Scotts Valley. The two bats that tested positive for rabies were found on Arabian Way. “Residents should be aware that rabies exists in the local bat population. Should you come across a dead or injured bat or a bat that is behaving unusually, do not touch it. Notify Santa Cruz County Animal Services at 831-454-7303 and we will remove it safely,” advised Supervising Animal Services Field Manager Todd Stosuy. Children should be warned not to handle dead bats and to avoid any wild animals including bats, skunks and raccoons.
North Carolina 10/28/10 thetimesnews.com: Chapel Hill – A skunk that charged after a woman in Efland was rabid, Orange County Animal Services reported on Wednesday. The North Carolina Rabies Laboratory made the finding after the skunk was submitted because of the potential exposure it had with a dog at a residence in the vicinity of High Rock Road and Maple Avenue in Efland. Two residents at the home and another household dog all had contact with the dog after the potential exposure. The resident woke early Tuesday to her outdoor dog barking. Upon investigating the barking a second time, a skunk ran from under her porch and toward her. She and the other household resident did not come in direct contact with the skunk and brought the dog inside and away from the animal while calling Animal Control. Though only one of the two dogs residing at the home was in the vicinity of the skunk, the indoor dog did have contact with the dog in question after it was brought inside the house. Both dogs were currently vaccinated against rabies and will receive a booster shot in compliance with North Carolina law. As a result of the positive test result, a communicable disease nurse from Orange County’s Health Department will contact the residents involved to evaluate their risk of rabies exposure and to work with them to decide whether to obtain medical treatment. Although the residents did not have direct exposure to the skunk, they did have contact with their dog afterward and must therefore be evaluated for the possibility of secondary exposure. As is always the case, a decision about the post-exposure prophylaxis that protects people from rabies is based upon an assessment of all the factors involved in a situation of this kind. This is the sixth positive rabies result for Orange County in 2010. Skunks, like dogs and cats, contract rabies through exposure with a primary rabies vector, where the disease is rooted. In North Carolina, the dominant reservoir species is the raccoon. When any other animal contracts the virus, it is referred to as the “spillover effect.” The species that are most susceptible to getting rabies in this area are dogs, cats, groundhogs, foxes and skunks. The number of rabies cases this year to date (6) and last year (12) are far fewer than in preceding years. However, rabies is known to cycle through a host or reservoir species over periods of time. In the case of Orange County, data from the N.C. State Laboratory of Public Health suggests that this cycling occurs over time periods of several years.
Texas 10/28/10 khou.com: Atascocita – An 8-year-old boy will have to undergo a series of rabies shots after coming into contact with a rabid bat. The boy found the dead bat on a baseball field at the Lindsay Lyons Sports Center earlier in October. He, along with some other kids, started playing with it. When their parents realized what was going on, they called health officials and had the bat tested for rabies. Those tests came back positive, but none of the kids involved has become ill.
Texas 10/27/10 myfoxaustin.com: Williamson County officials have issued a rabies alert after a short hair, white and blue tabby cat with rabies was found at Round Rock High School. The cat was found near portable building E4A, near the dance portable. Officials believe that the cat could have been infectious and passing along the virus to people and pets from October 10 until its death on October 22. People who were bitten by this cat or licked on the mucous membranes of the face (lips, nostrils, eyes) should see their physicians as soon as possible. They may need postexposure rabies vaccinations. Additionally, they should contact either the Williamson County & Cities Health district (512-943-3660) or the Texas Department of State Health Services Zoonosis Control Program (254-778-6744) to report potential exposure. A rabies exposure is defined as (1) an animal bite which breaks the skin or (2) exposure of broken skin (bled or had serous drainage within the past 24 hours) or mucous membranes to saliva or cerebrospinal fluid. After families assess their potential for exposure to the rabid cat, they should determine if their pets could have interacted with the cat. If pets had face-to-face contact with or were bitten by this cat additional rabies vaccinations for their pets may be warranted. Your veterinarian and the Texas Department of State Health Services Zoonosis Control Program (254- 778-6744) can guide you through the postexposure vaccination series and home isolation necessary after a pet has been exposed to a rabid animal.
West Virginia 10/27/10 cbs59.com: Lewisburg – New cases of rabies are
reported in Greenbrier and Monroe counties. According to the Greenbrier County Health Department, a skunk that tangled with a dog on a tie-out in Alderson tested positive for the disease. The results came back from the West Virginia State Hygienic laboratory on Oct. 26. The Monroe County Health Department announced a horse from Lindside also tested positive for rabies, Oct. 26. The owners of the horse said it appeared to be healthy only a few hours before it died.