CDC seeks contact with passengers that shared Delta flight 5121 with a Bat; Child from New York has contracted Eastern Equine Encephalitis; USDA to begin 2011 East Coast Oral Rabies Vaccine Bait Program; Rabies reports from CA (3), CO, CT, GA, MI, NC (2), SD, & VA; West Nile Virus reports from IA, MA (2), NE, & PA; and Eastern Equine Encephalitis reports from MA, & NY. Canada: West Nile Virus report from Ontario. CDC zoonotic disease summary for week ending July 30, 2011.

Big Brown Bat. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Wisconsin 08/12/11 jsonline.com: Passengers who boarded Delta flight 5121 in Madison on Aug. 5 shared the cabin with an unexpected passenger – a bat captured on video along with passengers trying to swat away the trapped creature. Now the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is asking passengers who have not been contacted to call (866) 613-2683. Whether the bat carries rabies is unknown, but the CDC said it is contacting passengers as a precaution. Rabies can be contracted from a rabid animal through a bite or a scratch or by exposure to an open wound or saliva in the eyes, nose or mouth. Passengers managed to detain the bat in a lavatory before the flight was diverted back to Madison. The CDC said the animal could not be located after the plane landed. The flight was operated by Atlantic Southeast Airlines, a Delta Connection partner. Jarek Beem, a spokesman for Atlantic Southeast Airlines, said the company has provided Delta and the CDC with a passenger list. CDC is trying to reach passengers, said Thomas Skinner, senior public affairs officer for the agency.

New York 08/13/11 syracuse.com: by Charles McChesney – An Oswego County child has contracted Eastern Equine Encephalitis, officials said Friday. The Oswego County Health Department confirmed that a child has the illness. “EEE is a rare but serious viral disease that is spread by the bite of infected mosquitoes,” said Dr. Dennis Norfleet, Oswego County public health director. “We are in mosquito season, so residents have to continue to protect themselves from mosquito bites. Staying away from areas where mosquitoes concentrate and limiting outside activity at dawn and dusk when mosquitoes are most active are two of the best personal protection measures people can take.” Mosquitos with EEE have been collected in West Monroe, Palermo, Volney, Hastings and in the village of Central Square and most recently in Albion. “The virus continues to be active and has spread beyond the Oneida Lake area,” Dr. Dennis Norfleet said in a news release Friday. “The only way to contract the disease is from a mosquito bite,” Norfleet said. He urged residents to fix screens, eliminate standing water and dress to avoid mosquito bites.

Oswego County

EEE is one of the most serious mosquito-borne diseases. About one-third of people infected with it die. Most survivors suffer significant brain damage. There is no specific treatment for EEE, nor is there a human vaccine.  The disease killed a Central New York child in the early 1970s and another in 1983. Symptoms can range from a mild flu-like illness to sudden fever, muscle pains and a headache that’s often followed quickly by seizures and coma. Symptoms can appear within five to 15 days after the bite of an infected mosquito. EEE is diagnosed through blood or spinal fluid.

National 08/10/11 usda.gov: News Release – The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service’s (APHIS) wildlife services (WS) program will begin its 2011 distribution of oral rabies vaccine baits in select areas along the East Coast in an effort to prevent the spread of raccoon rabies. With their cooperators, WS will begin distributing the oral rabies vaccination baits by hand and by aircraft beginning on or about Aug. 15. The baits will be distributed in the following select areas:

  • The Plattsburgh, N.Y., project will cover parts of New York, Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont and distribute 976,050 baits by fixed-wing aircraft and 28,440 by hand;
  • The Batavia, N.Y., project will cover parts of New York and distribute 180,050 baits by fixed and rotary-wing aircraft and 14,440 by hand;
  • The Anne Arundel, Md., project will cover parts of Maryland and distribute 30,780 baits by rotary-wing aircraft and 41,400 by hand;
  • The Allegheny, Pa., project will cover parts of Pennsylvania and distribute 314,444 baits by hand;
  • The North Lima, Ohio, project will cover parts of Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia and distribute 905,220 baits by fixed and rotary-wing aircraft and 169,200 by hand;
  • The Clarksburg, W. Va., project will cover parts of West Virginia and Ohio and distribute 915,300 baits by fixed-wing aircraft and 23,400 by hand;
  • The Greeneville, Tenn., project will cover parts of Tennessee, North Carolina and Virginia and distribute 712,800 baits by fixed-wing aircraft and 112,320 by hand;
  • The Dalton, Ga., project will cover parts of Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, and Tennessee and distribute 603,300 baits by fixed-wing aircraft and 63,000 by hand; and
  • The Cape Cod, Mass., project will cover parts of Massachusetts and distribute 24,240 baits by hand.

The National Rabies Management Program was established in recognition of the changing scope of rabies. The goal of the program is to prevent the further spread of wildlife rabies and eventually eliminate terrestrial rabies in the United States through an integrated program that includes vaccinating wildlife against the disease.

California 08/12/11 the-signal.com: by Cory Minderhout – A sixth rabid bat was found in the Santa Clarita Valley, a health department website said Friday. That brings to 18 the number of rabid bats found in Los Angeles County this year, a higher number than in previous years, according to the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health website. Officials with the county department could not be reached for comment Friday, and details were not on the website about exactly when or where the bat was found, except that it was outside a home in Newhall. Normally eight to 10 rabid bats are found in the county each year, health officials have said. Anyone who comes across a bat should not touch it, whether it’s dead or alive. Rather, they should contact their local animal control agency. The Santa Clarita Valley is an area favored by bats, which form colonies under bridges, said Dr. Karen Ehnert, acting director for the veterinary public health and rabies control program for the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health.

California 08/11/11 newsmirror.net: A bat, found alive and floating in Yucaipa Regional Park’s fishing pond on July 23, has tested positive for rabies. If you or your child touched any bat or you would like more information about rabies, contact the County of San Bern­ardino Department of Public Health Communicable Disease Section at 1-800-722-4794, Mon­day – Friday, 8 a.m. – 5 p.m. or 356-3805 after business hours and on weekends.

California 08/11/11 appeal-democrat.com: Sutter County Animal Control is searching for two pit bulls that attacked two other dogs and bit their owner. One pit bull is white and the other is brown. The incident occurred Aug. 2 at Regency Park near Stabler Lane and Tres Picos Drive. Animal Control has been unable to locate the pit bulls and needs to confirm their health to prevent the owner of the other dogs from receiving rabies shots. Anyone with information about the pit bulls is asked to call Animal Control at 822-7375.

Colorado 08/12/11 ctpost.com: Jefferson County health officials say a sick bat found in a back yard in Wheat Ridge has tested positive for rabies. They said Friday there is no risk of exposure to anyone who came in contact with it. So far this year, 23 bats have tested positive for rabies in Colorado, according to the state health department.

Connecticut 08/12/11 theday.com: by Judy Benson – A bat found at Beechwood Rehabilitation and Nursing Center on Vauxhall Street has tested positive for rabies, but there is no indication that the bat had contact with anyone at the facility, Baker Salisbury, executive director of the Ledge Light Health District, said this afternoon. “We asked the medical director there to investigate,” Salisbury said. “We’re just being cautious.”  Ledge Light issued an alert about the rabid bat this afternoon and posted notices in the neighborhood. Officials at the facility declined to comment. This is the fourth rabid bat found in New London this month. On Aug. 3, Ledge Light reported that three rabid bats were found in two properties, one on Channing Street and the other on Pequot Avenue. The public is reminded not to feed or approach any wild or stray animals. For information, call Ledge Light at (860) 448-4882 or the animal control officer at (860) 447-5231.

Georgia 08/12/11 augusta.com: by Tom Corwin – This past weekend, a 9-year-old picked up what he thought was a leaf in a swimming pool, but it turned out to be a bat that bit him, said Randy Wishard, the county manager for environmental health for the Richmond County Health Department. The boy was treated at Medical College of Georgia Hospital and is undergoing a series of vaccinations as a precaution because the bat could not be tested, Wishard said. “The bat was long gone,” Wishard said. Public health was not notified until a parent called Richmond County Animal Services on Tuesday to let them know, he said. This case follows a similar one in Aiken last month in which a woman thought she was fishing a leaf out of a pool, and it turned out to be a bat that bit her. She underwent treatment and is fine, a health official said then. So what is the best way to handle a bat? “As far as bats go, avoid them,” Wishard said. If need be, call animal control to handle it, he said. It’s also a good idea to keep your pet’s rabies vaccinations up to date just in case, Wishard said.

Michigan 08/12/11 chicagotribune.com: An Ann Arbor family is receiving two weeks of rabies treatments after a dead bat was found in their home.  AnnArbor.com reports that tests this week showed the bat had rabies. Washtenaw County environmental health coordinator Angela Parsons says its the third rabid bat brought to the health department this year.  The Ann Arbor family told officials they left their home Aug. 3 after seeing the bat flying around. The animal was dead when they returned four days later.  It’s uncertain if anyone had been bitten.

North Carolina 08/12/11 nbc17.com: State health officials say more than 10 people are receiving rabies post exposure prophylaxis after being exposed to a rabid puppy. Department of Health and Human Services say a litter of seven puppies was determined to have been exposed to a rabid animal. One of those puppies has died from the virus and the others are facing quarantine or euthanasia. Those individuals receiving treatment came in contact with the litter. Officials say puppy was from a litter in Hyde County and taken to Alamance County. All those getting the rabies treatments were exposed to the puppy in Alamance.

North Carolina 08/12/11 fayobserver.com: A raccoon picked up by Animal Control on Thursday in the Gray’s Creek area has tested positive for rabies, county authorities said Friday. It is the 12th case of rabies reported in Cumberland County since Jan. 1, according to a release from Animal Control. The raccoon was picked up on Woodpecker Drive, which is in a neighborhood near the intersection of Sand Hill and Cypress Lakes roads, the release said.

South Dakota 08/12/11 ksfy.com: by Tim Peters – A black puppy in Tea has tested positive for rabies and health officials are urging individuals who have been bitten, scratched or in contact with the puppy’s saliva to call the state Department of Health or their physician to determine whether rabies shots are needed. The department’s number is 1-800-592-1861. The rabid puppy was one of two Springer-Labrador cross puppies at a residence on the corner of Byron and 3rd Street in southwest Tea. Many anonymous passersby played with the rabid puppy. The other seven litter-mates of the rabid puppy have been located and the adoptive owners are being advised. Through the end of July, South Dakota has reported 23 rabid animals (13 skunks, 2 cattle, 2 raccoons, 3 cats, 2 dogs, and 1 bat). Skunks are the primary reservoir of rabies in South Dakota and are the likely source of this puppy’s disease.

Virginia 08/11/11 wavy.com: A fox captured after an attack in Norfolk tested positive for rabies. On August 8 the fox attacked someone in the 2100 block of Springfield Avenue in the Berkley/Campostella area. The animal was captured and test results came in the next day. The Norfolk Department of Public Health said the victim has already begun post exposure treatment. For more information visit the Norfolk Department of Public Health website or call 757-683-2712.

Iowa 08/13/11 omaha.com: by Tim Johnson – Iowa has had no human cases (of West Nile Virus) so far this season. (But) the virus has been confirmed in three sentinel chickens in Polk County and one in Woodbury County, according to the Iowa Department of Public Health.

Massachusetts 08/13/11 enterprisenews.com: by Alice Elwell – More mosquito samples infected with West Niles virus or Eastern equine encephalitis have been found in local towns, the Plymouth County Mosquito Control Project said Friday. And more spraying is taking place locally to kill mosquitoes before they can spread the viruses. The control project said Friday that new sampling yielded positive results for West Nile virus in Abington, EEE in West Bridgewater and Bridgewater, and both viruses in Middleboro. “We have to be especially vigilant,” said Anthony Texeira, superintendent of the Plymouth County Mosquito Control Project.

Massachusetts 08/12/11 patch.com: by Jarret Bencks – A small pool of mosquitoes infected by the West Nile Virus have been found in Medford, according to a press release from the city’s board of health. Chances of acquiring mosquito borne diseases such as WNV or EEE are slim, but residents should be aware that these viruses can cause fever, meningitis or encephalitis, the press release said.

Nebraska 08/13/11 omaha.com: by Tim Johnson – The West Nile virus has been detected in Council Bluffs, health officials said Friday. Four of the city’s eight sentinel chickens have tested positive for the virus, said Donn Dierks, director of the city’s Public Health Department. Meanwhile, Nebraska officials reported the first human case in the state this season, a Dawson County man in his 20s. The man was not hospitalized. Mosquito pools in Dawson, Douglas, Garfield, Lincoln, Madison and Richardson Counties also have tested positive for the virus, along with a bird in Boone County, said Dr. Joann Schaefer, Nebraska’s chief medical officer.

Green-winged Teal in CDC's West Nile Virus avian mortality database.

Pennsylvania 08/13/11 pennlive.com: A mosquito sample collected in West Manheim Township tested positive for West Nile virus Wednesday by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection. For 2011, 78 mosquito collections have now tested positive for West Nile virus in York County. Forty-three counties in Pennsylvania have now collected mosquito or dead bird samples testing positive for West Nile. There have been human cases of West Nile Virus every year in York County since 2002. For more information about reducing mosquitoes in York County call the Penn State Cooperative Extension — York County West Nile Program office at 840-2375. For information about West Nile Virus symptoms in humans, contact the Department of Health at 1-877-PA-HEALTH, or visit the PA State West Nile web site at www.westnile.state.pa.us .

Canada Goose in CDC's West Nile Virus avian mortality database

Canada:

Ontario 08/12/11 newstalk1010.com: by Katie Franzios – Mosquito’s carrying West Nile are on the rise in the province, according to Ontario health officials. They’re asking residents to be on high alert. There have been forty-three mosquito pools infected with the West Nile virus found in the province so far this year, 12 in Toronto, the highest number reported in the last four-years.

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending July 30, 2011:

Published Aug 5, 2011 / 60(30);1029-1042

Anaplasmosis . . . 17 . . . New York (16), Vermont,

Babesiosis . . . 17 . . . New Hampshire, New York (15), Pennsylvania,

Brucellosis . . . 2 . . . California, Idaho,

Ehrlichiosis . . . 17 . . . Arkansas (5), Missouri (4), New York (5), Oklahoma, Tennessee (2),

Giardiasis . . . 187 . . . Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas (3), California (8), Colorado (21), District of Columbia, Florida (26), Georgia, Idaho (4), Iowa (4), Kansas (2), Maine (9), Maryland (6), Massachusetts (6), Michigan (6), Missouri (17), Montana (2), Nebraska (2), Nevada (2), New Hampshire, New York (24), Ohio (22), Pennsylvania (6), South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia (3), Washington (6), Wisconsin,

HME/HGE Undetermined . . . 2 . . . New York (2),  

Lyme Disease . . .  528 . . . California, Delaware (2), District of Columbia, Florida (5), Georgia, Maryland (16), Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey (126), New York (178), Ohio, Pennsylvania (169), Tennessee, Vermont (18),  Virginia (3), Washington (4),

Rabies (Animal) . . . 27 . . . Alabama (2), Illinois, Kansas, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York (8), Vermont, Virginia (12),

Spotted Fever (Confirmed) . . . 4 . . . Arkansas, Missouri, New York, Pennsylvania,

Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 25 . . . Arkansas (14), Delaware, Indiana (3), Missouri (2), Tennessee (4), West Virginia,

Tularemia . . . 3 . . . Arkansas, Kentucky, Missouri,

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