WASHINGTON woman’s death was associated with HANTAVIRUS ~ WASHINGTON health officials reveal source of HANTAVIRUS that killed Grant County woman ~ INDIANA couple rescues PET from two COYOTES ~ MALARIA drug resistance spreading in SOUTHEAST ASIA ~ RABIES reports from CO, NE, NC, TX, & VA ~ CDC presents interactive LYME DISEASE map 2001-10 ~ CDC Reports: ZOONOTIC DISEASE summary for week ending March 31, 2012.

Deer mouse can carry Sin Nombre Virus, which causes Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome. Photo Courtesy Centers for Disease Control.

Washington 04/06/12 granthealth.org: News Release – On April 4, 2012 The Grant County Health District (GCHD) received confirmation from the Washington State Department of Health Public Health Laboratory (DOH) that the death of a Grant County woman in her 30s was associated with Hantavirus exposure. The woman was hospitalized and died on March 28th. The Health District investigation determined the woman was most likely exposed here in Grant County. The last fatal case of Hantavirus in Grant County occurred in 2005. Since Hantavirus’s recognition in 1993, there have been 44 cases reported in Washington State and 15 (34%) of these patients died. This is comparable to the national average of about 33%. Each year Washington has one to five confirmed Hantavirus cases. Most of these cases occur in Eastern Washington.

Grant County.

Washington 04/09/12 wenatcheeworld.com: by Mike Irwin – A Grant County woman who died March 28 from hantavirus exposure was most likely infected from mouse droppings in sheds and outbuildings she’d entered about three to four weeks ago, county Health District officials confirmed this morning. The woman, in her 30s, died after being hospitalized with indications of hantavirus, which most frequently include flu-like symptoms such as fever, muscle aches, fatigue and nausea. Officals have not released the name of the woman, who was a resident of George. “We don’t want people alarmed, but we do want them aware,” said Theresa Fuller, spokeswoman for the Grant County Health District. “This isn’t an outbreak — it’s something we live with all the time and can take steps to prevent.” Hantavirus cases tend to increase in the spring, said Fuller, when residents begin to clean barns, sheds and outbuildings and risk exposure to airborne droppings of deer mice, the primary carrier in Eastern Washington. The greatest risk occurs when people enter enclosed areas with rodent infestation and poor air circulation, said Fuller. Symptoms can appear in one to six weeks and are fatal in one of every three cases. – For complete article see http://www.wenatcheeworld.com/news/2012/apr/09/death-from-hantavirus-caused-by-mouse-droppings/

Indiana 04/06/12 Michigan City, LaPorte County: A couple walking in the Moon Valley trails last week saw their dog attacked by two coyotes. The dog was badly bitten and required medical treatment. Fortunately, the dog had been vaccinated for rabies. – See http://thenewsdispatch.com/articles/2012/04/06/news/local/doc4f7e3dc6c1b46402020818.txt

Female anolpheles mosquito transmits malaria.

Global 04/09/12 the-scientist.com: by Bob Grant – Researchers have found a key to malaria drug resistance in the genome of Plasmodium falciparum, the disease’s causal parasite. In a related study, scientists have determined that resistance to artemisinin, the go-to drug for treating malaria infections around the world, is spreading to Thailand and Myanmar from Cambodia, where resistance was first detected in 2005. On the genomic front, geneticist Ian Cheeseman at the Texas Biomedical Research Institute in San Antonio and colleagues found two spots on P. falciparum‘s chromosome 13 that were strongly associated with drug resistance. Cheeseman and his team suggest, in a Science paper published last week that the region accounts for at least one-third of the heritable variation in the artemisinin resistance seen in Southeast Asia. Though the discovery may aid in strengthening the impact of the drug, several other genes and non-coding regions of the parasite’s DNA could be involved in conferring artemisinin resistance as well. “At this point, we’re still in the dark about the mechanism of resistance,” Cheesman told Nature. – For complete article see http://the-scientist.com/2012/04/09/malaria-drug-resistance-spreading/

Colorado 04/04/12 Pueblo, Pueblo County: Three skunks have tested positive for rabies. They were captured at Garland Road on the Mesa, Paloma Place and Roselawn Road in the Salt Creek neighborhood, and the 2400 block of Winnipeg Street west of Lake Minnequa. Health officials are unaware of any human exposure. See http://www.krdo.com/news/30835306/detail.html

Nebraska 04/04/12 Omaha, Douglas County: Two young sisters are receiving post-exposure prophylaxis rabies treatments after one was bitten by a bat in her sleep while the other one slept in the same room. See http://www.wowt.com/news/headlines/Girl_Bitten_By_Bat_146200755.html

North Carolina 04/04/12 Norlina, Warren County: A dead raccoon found by a property owner on Bessie Hicks Road last week has tested positive for rabies. It is believed the animal was killed by at least one of the owner’s four dogs, all of which had been vaccinated against the virus. See http://www.vancnews.com/the_warren_record/news/article_66fe3230-7dcd-11e1-af87-001a4bcf887a.html

Texas 04/04/12 College Station, Brazos County: Police say a boy was playing in the 700 block of Wellesley Court earlier this week when he was bitten by a dog described as short-haired and brown with a patch of white over its left eye. It is believed to be a pit bull. The boy’s brothers told police two black men put the dog in a red car and left the left the area. If the dog is not found, the boy will have to undergo post-exposure prophylaxis rabies treatment. Anyone with information is asked to call police at (979) 764-3600. See http://wtaw.com/2012/04/04/police-search-for-dog-involved-in-attack-on-child/

Virginia 04/08/12 Hampton: Hampton animal control officers are looking for dog that might have rabies. They said a pit bull attacked a woman at the intersection of Queen Street and LaSalle Avenue. Officers said they just wanted to make sure the dog was not rabid and they would not harm the animal. If you see the dog, do not approach him and contact Hampton animal control. – See http://www.wavy.com/dpp/news/local_news/officers-looking-for-dangerous-dog

National 04/09/12 cdc.gov: News Release –  An interactive Lyme disease map is now available at (http://www.cdc.gov/lyme/stats/maps/interactiveMaps.html) for the years 2001-2010.  By looking at each map individually, you can observe subtle yearly changes in disease distribution.  By looking at maps that are several years apart, you can see the larger changes in disease distribution over time. We hope you find the addition of these maps to be instructive.

CDC Reports:

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending March 31, 2012:

Published April 6, 2012/ 61(13); ND-170-ND-183

Anaplasmosis . . . 5 . . . Maine (2), Rhode Island (2), Texas,

Babesiosis . . . 1 . . . New York,

Ehrlichiosis . . . 1 . . . New York,

Giardiasis . . . 85 . . . Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Florida (20), Georgia (2), Idaho (2), Iowa (5), Maryland (4), Michigan, Nebraska (2), New York (22), Ohio (8), Oregon (3), Pennsylvania (5), Rhode Island (3), South Carolina (3), Wisconsin,

Lyme Disease . . .  113. . .  Delaware (3), Florida (2), Maryland (2), Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey (43), New York (25), Pennsylvania (33), Virginia (2), Wisconsin,

Q Fever (Acute) . . . 1 . . . Montana,

Rabies (Animal) . . . 46. . . Alabama (2), Arkansas (3), Maine (3), Michigan (2), Missouri (2), New Mexico, New York (4), Puerto Rico, Texas (11), Virginia (18),

Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 8 . . . Florida (2), Maine, Missouri, Tennessee (2), Virginia (2).

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