RACCOON on VIRGINIA’s Chincoteague Island has exposed at least one at-large FERAL CAT to RABIES ~ Other RABIES reports from CA, CO, DE, FL, GA(2), KS, MD, MT, TX(2), & VA ~ Scientist in ENGLAND says MALARIA PARASITE has developed resistance to the best drugs ~ CDC REPORTS: ZOONOTIC DISEASE summary for week ending April 21, 2012.

Raccoon. Courtesy of U.S. Army.

Virginia 04/26/12 Chincoteague Island, Accomack County: A raccoon seen fighting with a feral cat in the Deep Hole Road area has tested positive for rabies. The cat escaped. – See http://www.delmarvanow.com/article/20120426/CB01/204260301

California 04/26/12 Laguna Niguel, Orange County: A California Brown bat found on La Paz Road in Laguna Niguel Regional Park  on Sunday has tested positive for rabies. “The bat was found dead by a park ranger on a park pathway and reported to O.C. Animal Care. No one was observed near the bat, but we are asking anyone who had any contact with the bat to contact HCA Epidemiology to assess for risk of exposure,” said Deanne Thompson, spokesperson for the Orange County Health Care Agency. In California most cases of rabies occur in skunks and bats. Last year in Orange County 11 bats tested positive for rabies. This is the second bat to test positive for rabies this year in the county, she said. Anyone who had recent contact with a bat in the vicinity of Laguna Niguel Regional Park is asked to call the Orange County Health Care Agency Epidemiology at (714) 834-8180 so that a nurse can evaluate the risk for rabies. – See http://lagunaniguel.patch.com/articles/bat-found-at-l-n-regional-park-tests-positive-for-rabies#photo-6799187

Colorado 04/27/12 Pueblo, Pueblo County: Public health officials announced that rabies has spread to a third animal species in Pueblo. A rabid fox was found near 29th Lane and Preston Road on the Mesa April 26th, and another rabid skunk was found near W. 20th Street and Tuxedo Boulevard in the Hyde Park vicinity the same day. Raccoons are also known carriers in the county. – See http://www.krdo.com/news/30969409/detail.html

Delaware 04/27/12 Sussex County: Two raccoons that were in contact with residents’ dogs in separate incidents, one in Frankford and another in Frederica, have both tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.delmarvanow.com/article/20120427/DW01/120427014/SUSSEX-Rabies-recently-confirmed-raccoons-Frederica-Frankford?odyssey=tab|topnews|text|Delaware%20Wave

Florida 04/27/12 Ocala, Marion County: Health officials have issued a rabies alert for an area centered at County Road 316 and Northwest 100th Avenue Road after a bat tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.ocala.com/article/20120427/ARTICLES/120429748/1001/NEWS01?Title=Rabid-bat-found-in-northwest-area-of-county

Georgia 04/27/12 Gainesville, Hall County: A raccoon that came into contact with a dog at Lula and Skitts Mountain roads has tested positive for rabies. This is the 12th case of animal rabies in the county this year. – See http://www.accessnorthga.com/detail.php?n=248032

Georgia 04/27/12 Dalton, Whitfield County: A dead raccoon that was retrieved from the garage of a LaVista Road residence has tested positive for rabies. This is the first case of animal rabies reported in the county this year. – See http://www.wrcbtv.com/story/17858296/whitfield-county-raccoon-tests-positive-for-rabies

Kansas 04/28/12 El Dorado, Butler County: A horse that has tested positive for rabies is the first case of the virus presented in the county this year. – See http://www.eldoradotimes.com/topstories/x272271971/Butler-County-horse-tests-positive-for-rabies

Maryland 04/27/12 Huntingtown, Calvert County: A calico feral cat captured near Mill Branch and Smoky roads on April 12 has tested positive for rabies. The cat was part of a group of feral cats that roam freely in that area and have been known to inhabit barns. An area resident said he heard animals fighting in his barn and when he investigated the cat “charged him” so he shot the animal. It is very likely that other wild animals in the area, including feral cats, have been exposed to the virus. – See http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120427/NEWS/704279903/1057/rabid-cat-found-in-huntingtown&template=southernMaryland

Montana 04/26/12 Carter County: In accordance with state law, the Montana Department of Livestock has placed the county under a rabies quarantine after a puppy tested positive for the virus. – See http://liv.mt.gov/news/2012/20120426_cartercountyrabiesq.mcpx

Texas 04/27/12 Round Rock, Travis & Williamson counties: A dead bat found on the sidewalk on Main Street about 1 p.m. on April 26th has tested positive for rabies. Seek medical advice if you or your pet may have had contact with the bat. – See http://www.statesman.com/blogs/content/shared-gen/blogs/austin/williamson/entries/2012/04/27/rabid_bat_discovered_in_round.html

Texas 04/28/12 Brenham, Washington County: A dead skunk found in the 2000 block of Geney Street inside the city limits on April 25th has tested positive for rabies. This is the 7th confirmed case of the virus in the county this year. – See http://www.brenhambanner.com/news/seventh-case-of-rabies-is-confirmed/article_4030dcf6-913d-11e1-a8aa-0019bb2963f4.html

Virginia 04/27/12 Hampton: A raccoon that attacked a family dog in the Northampton area earlier this week has tested positive for rabies. This is the second case of animal rabies in the city this year. – See http://www.dailypress.com/news/breaking/dp-nws-raccoon-rabies,0,5805428.story

Global 04/27/12 planetsave.com: by Nathan – New mutations in the deadliest malaria parasite have given it resistance to the most powerful antimalarial drugs available. The researchers that did the study say that this should serve as a warning, that the best weapons against malaria may become ineffective. The parasite has developed resistance to artemether, one of the two most effective of the artemisinin group of drugs. They are the most effective and widely used drugs to combat malaria. The study was done by a team at the University of London. They discovered artemether resistance in 11 out of 28 parasite samples, taken from patients who got it traveling abroad, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa. 90 percent of the one million deaths that are caused by malaria every year, are in sub-Saharan Africa. “Artemether and ACTs are still very effective, but this study confirms our fears of how the parasite is mutating to develop resistance. Drug resistance could eventually become a devastating problem in Africa, and not just in southeast Asia where most of the world is watching for resistance. Effective alternative treatments are currently unaffordable for most suffering from malaria. Finding new drugs is, therefore, crucial,” lead researcher Sanjeev Krishna is quoted as saying. All 11 resistant parasites contained the same mutation, but the resistance was strongest in the parasites that also contained another separate mutation.

Female Anopheles gambiae mosquito feeding. Malaria vector. Courtesy CDC.

Professor Krishna says: “At the moment, we do not know if the other artemisinins will follow suit, but given the shared chemistry they have with artemether it is tempting to think that they would.” He also said that the resistance could be caused by the increased use of the drug — 300 million doses were used worldwide in 2011. Greater use gives more opportunity for advantageous mutation. This will lead to a repeat of the resistance that malaria developed to chloroquine. “New drug development is paramount, but it is vital that we also learn more about how artemisinins work so we can tailor ACT treatments to be effective for as long as possible,” Profesor Krishna says. Malaria is predicted to spread far outside of its current range as climate change progresses, enabled by the increasing heat and precipitation. Without effective treatment it will affect far more people than it currently does.

CDC Reports:

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending April 21, 2012:

Published April 27, 2012/ 61(16); ND-213-ND-226

Anaplasmosis . . . 6 . . . Maine (2), New York (3), Rhode Island,

Ehrlichiosis . . . 2 . . . Maryland, New York,

Giardiasis . . . 73 . . . Alabama, Alaska (2), Arizona, Arkansas (2), Connecticut, Idaho (3), Iowa (2), Maryland (3), Massachusetts (3), Michigan, Missouri (2), Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York (21), Ohio (9), Oregon (3), Pennsylvania (5), South Carolina, Vermont, Washington (6), Wisconsin (3),

Hantavirus . . . 1 . . . Montana,

Lyme Disease . . .  172. . .  Delaware (5), Maryland (44), New Jersey (60), New York (25), Ohio, Pennsylvania (30), Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia (5),

Q Fever (Acute) . . . 1 . . . New York,

Rabies (Animal) . . . 41. . . Alabama, Illinois, Maine, Maryland (7), Michigan, Missouri, New York (11), Texas (15), Vermont, West Virginia (2),

Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 13 . . . Alabama, Maryland, Missouri (3), Tennessee (4), Virginia (4).

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One response to “RACCOON on VIRGINIA’s Chincoteague Island has exposed at least one at-large FERAL CAT to RABIES ~ Other RABIES reports from CA, CO, DE, FL, GA(2), KS, MD, MT, TX(2), & VA ~ Scientist in ENGLAND says MALARIA PARASITE has developed resistance to the best drugs ~ CDC REPORTS: ZOONOTIC DISEASE summary for week ending April 21, 2012.

  1. Karen Hoke Van Luvender

    I am looking for a possible parasitic or infectious disease that may have affected someone in the Banana River, part of Indian River in Cocoa Beach. The signs and symptoms could be sequelae that follows raccoon roundworm, or Lyme disease. There are, of course, many other possibilities. The person spent a lot of time learning to sail surf there. Did you find any special parasitic infections, toxic effluent, or infectious disease in the water there in the last several years (notably 2011)? Any help would be appreciated.

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