Category Archives: CDC Alerts

CDC issues ZIKA TRAVEL ALERT ~ HAWAIIAN baby’s brain damage tied to ZIKA VIRUS ~ ZIKA VIRUS confirmed in TEXAS traveler – DENGUE FEVER outrbreak prompts HAWAII officials to close recreational area ~ ARIZONA officials confirm HANTAVIRUS death


National 01/15/16 by Robert Lowes – Pregnant women in any trimester should consider postponing travel to 14 countries and territories in South and Central America and the Caribbean where mosquitos are spreading the Zika virus, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced tonight. Viral infection in pregnant women has been associated with microcephaly in infants. In what it calls a level 2 travel alert, the CDC also advises women who are thinking about becoming pregnant to consult with their physician before traveling to these areas, and if they do, follow strict precautions to avoid mosquito bites. Safeguards include wearing long-sleeve shirts and long pants and using insect repellent. The 14 countries and territories covered by the travel alert are Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Suriname, Venezuela, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. – For complete article see

Author’s Note: For “Short Answers to Hard Questions About Zika Virus” see

Hawaii 01/18/16 Health officials say a baby born in a Hawaii hospital is the zikavirus.symptom77884first in the United States born with Zika virus.  The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Sunday it’s also the first infant born in the country with microcephaly associated with Zika virus, a birth defect where a baby’s head is smaller than expected. Babies with the condition often have smaller brains that might not have developed properly, often resulting in mental retardation. The virus, which is transmitted through mosquito bites, has affected between 440,000 and 1.3 million people in Brazil since last May, officials estimate. Researchers say they’ve found strong evidence that a recent surge in microcephaly in the country — 3,530 babies have been born with the condition since October, up from fewer than 150 in 2014 — is linked to Zika virus. – For complete article see

National 01/11/16 by Janis C. Kelly – Zika virus, a mosquito-borne infection believed to cause microcephaly in infants born to infected mothers, has crossed from Latin America into Texas, experts reported today. The case of Zika in a traveler recently returned from El Salvador was confirmed through investigations by Harris County, Texas, health officials and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The case is expected to result in major new surveillance and vector-control initiatives. Peter Hotez, MD, dean of the National School of Tropical Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine, president of the Sabin Vaccine Institute, and Texas Children’s Hospital Endowed Chair of Tropical Pediatrics, Houston, told  Medscape Medical News, “There is a perfect storm brewing for Zika virus in the US. I was never worried that Ebola would take off here, but I am worried about Zika. We have 2 species of Aedes mosquitoes that can transmit Zika in our area. We also have high levels of poverty, resulting in people living without window screens and near discarded tires and other water-catching containers where the mosquitoes can breed.” Dr Hotez said that Zika infection usually produces nonspecific, influenza-like symptoms Zika-Virus-2.rashin pregnant women, with the associated birth defects becoming apparent only 9 months later. “By that time, it is too late,” Dr Hotez said. “This first case of Zika infection in Harris County is a wake-up call, a warning that we should immediately start implementing programs of active surveillance. As we move into the spring and summer months, if we start seeing cases among people who have never traveled outside of the country, we need to implement aggressive mosquito control measures as well as health advisories for people to implement personal protection measures.” – For complete article see

Author’s Note: According to numerous reports, the infected traveler is a resident of the City of Houston, Texas.

Dengue Fever:

Hawaii 01/15/16 by Marina Riker – Hawaii officials closed a Big Island a_48road, campground and hiking trail in an effort to stop the spread of a  dengue fever outbreak that has sickened 223 residents and visitors as of Friday. Five of those cases could be potentially infectious, according to the Hawaii Department of Health. The Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources closed the Muliwai hiking trail on the far cliff side of Waipio Valley and its Waimanu Valley campground on Friday. Hawaii County’s Civil Defense Agency blocked all traffic to Waipio Valley Access Road on Thursday and limited access to residents. The road closure comes three weeks after health officials closed access to state lands near Milolii and Honomalino Bay, which were “hotspots” for the mosquito-borne virus. – For complete article see


Arizona 01/13/16 A resident of the Navajo Nation who lived in the east central part of Coconino County has died of complications of Hantavirus Pulmonary imagesCAULAVUQSyndrome. The rare but potentially fatal disease, which has no vaccine or cure, is spread by infected rodent droppings. It is the fourth confirmed case of hantavirus reported in Coconino County since 2006. Two of those cases resulted in death. It is not known at this time where the recently deceased individual contracted hantavirus. Studies show that wild mice throughout Arizona have been infected with hantavirus. It is transmitted to humans when they breathe air contaminated with the virus. If fresh rodent droppings, urine or nesting materials from infected animals are stirred up, tiny droplets containing the virus get into the air. Exposure to mouse droppings in enclosed areas such as cabins, sheds and outbuildings poses the greatest potential risk for contracting hantavirus. – For complete article including symptoms and recommendations see

TICKS near CALIFORNIA’s Los Penasquitos Canyon Preserve test positive for TULAREMIA ~ MISSISSIPPI confirms first HUMAN case of WEST NILE VIRUS in 2013 ~ RABIES reports from CT, FL, GAx2, MD, NJ, NCx3, PA, TXx3, VT, VAx2, & CANADA: ONTARIO ~ TRAVEL WARNING: CDC issues LEVEL 1 TRAVEL WATCH on NOVEL INFLUENZA A (H7N9) VIRUS.

Black tailed jack rabbit. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Black tailed jack rabbit. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

California 04/09/13 Several ticks trapped in routine monitoring near Los Penasquitos Canyon Preserve March 29 have tested positive for tularemia, also known as “rabbit fever,” San Diego County Department of Environmental Health officials said Tuesday. The National Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) say tularemia is a potentially dangerous illness that people can contract from infected animals such as rabbits and rodents in a number of ways — through direct contact with an infected animal; by drinking or inhaling contaminated water, dust or aerosols; or through “vectors,” pests such as ticks that bite an infected animal and then a person. . .

American dog tick. CDC.

American dog tick. CDC.

Dr. Wilma Wooten, County Public Health Officer, said tularemia cannot be transmitted from person-to-person and can be treated with antibiotics. However, Wooten said that the illness can be serious and even deadly in rare cases, and that people should consult their doctors immediately if they think they have contracted the disease. – For complete article including protective measures see

Author’s Note: According to the CDC, ticks that transmit tularemia to humans include the dog, wood, and lone star ticks. Deer flies also carry the disease.

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Madison County

Madison County

Mississippi 04/08/13 Madison County: State health officials confirmed the state’s first human case of WNV this year. Last year, the state reported 250 confirmed cases including 5 deaths. – See


13620Connecticut 04/08/13 New London County: A cat found in the area of Bank and Howard streets near Crocker’s Boatyard in the city of New London has tested positive for rabies. – See

Florida 04/01/13 Marion County: Health officials have confirmed that a raccoon found in the northern section of the county has tested positive for rabies. – See

Georgia 04/08/13 Hall County: A raccoon that fought with five dogs in the vicinity of Toombs Street in Lula recently has tested positive for rabies. – See

Georgia 04/04/13 Fayette County: A raccoon reported acting disoriented in the vicinity of Lone Oak Drive off Padgett Road in Starr’s Mill has tested positive for rabies. – See

Help2164Maryland 04/08/13 Carroll County: A person was bitten by a dog on Autumn View Drive in Sykesville April 4 and will undergo expensive post-exposure rabies shots if the dog is not found and verified to be healthy before April 12, according to a Carroll County Health Department. Residents are being asked to help find this dog or its owner so that the rabies shots will be unnecessary. According to a press release, the dog is a Shepherd mix, medium build, and is not wearing a collar. Contact the Carroll County Health Department at 410-876-1334 or the Carroll County Humane Society at 410-848-44810 with any information.



New Jersey 04/02/13 Cape May County: Officials will distribute 41,000 oral rabies vaccine baits throughout the county beginning April 22nd.  Most of the bait will be air-dropped, but some will be distributed by hand in raccoon habitats such as storm drains and other areas considered inaccessible from the air. – See

North Carolina 04/05/13 Wake County: Three unvaccinated dogs were euthanized after a raccoon that one of the dogs interacted with in the 4800 block of Clifton Road in Knightdale tested positive for rabies. That dog also tested positive for rabies and the other two dogs lived in the same household. – See

images4g44g78North Carolina 04/04/13 Orange County: A raccoon that was killed by a vaccinated dog in the vicinity of NC Highways 15 & 501 and Bennett Road in Chapel Hill on Monday has tested positive for rabies. – See

North Carolina 04/04/13 Guilford County: A raccoon found on Longview Road in High Point has tested positive for rabies. – See

Pennsylvania 04/03/13 Crawford County: Two raccoons that were reported fighting with unvaccinated dogs in separate incidents have tested positive for rabies. The first incident occurred March 25th on Towpath Road in Union Township. The dog received rabies vaccine and has been quarantined for 180 days. The second incident occurred March 28th in the vicinity of Gravel Run Road in Woodcock Township. The dog was euthanized. – See

Texas 04/08/13 Tarrant County: A skunk reported by a resident near Timber Run Drive in Southwest Arlington has tested positive for rabies. It was reported that a dog found the injured skunk on March 30th. – See skunk245mn2

Texas 04/01/13 McLennan County: A skunk found in the 400 block of Shadow Mountain in Woodway has tested positive for rabies. This is the third case of animal rabies in the Waco-area within the last week. – See

batPosterTexas 04/02/13 Galveston and Harris counties: A bat picked up at Friendswood High School on March 28 has tested positive for rabies. No human exposure was reported. – See

Raccoon-SiedePreis-smVermont 04/08/13 Franklin County: Three raccoons found recently in separate incidents in the vicinity of New, High, and Federal streets in St. Albans have tested positive for rabies. – See

800px-Cats-1Caduser2003WCVirginia 04/02/13 Stafford County: A feral cat that scratched two women on March 24 has tested positive for rabies. Authorities are now looking for six other feral cats that were in the same area when the rabid cat was captured. – See

rabid-raccoon-200x120 - CopyVirginia 04/04/13 Gloucester County: A dead raccoon found in the Roanes area of the county has tested positive for rabies. – See,0,2111939.story


HelpCardOntario 04/04/13 Grey County: A teenager was walking near St. Vincent and Margaret Streets in Meaford around 5 PM on Monday when he was bitten by a dog. The dog is described as a black, white and brown beagle. Health officials say the dog was one of three dogs that were being walked by two people. Staff of the Grey Bruce Health Unit want to find the dog owner to confirm the animal is not infectious with rabies. That way, the teenage boy can avoid post-exposure rabies treatment. If you have any information related to this incident, please contact the Grey Bruce Health Unit at 519-376-9420. – See

Travel Warning:

ChinaGlobal 04/05/13 Traveler’s Health Notice – On April 1, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced that influenza A (H7N9), a type of flu usually seen in birds, has been identified in a number of people in China. Cases have been confirmed in the following provinces: Shanghai, Jiangsu, Anhui, and Zhejiang. This is the first time this virus has been seen in people. Symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Infection with the new virus has yunnan_mapresulted in severe respiratory illness and, in some cases, death. Chinese health authorities are conducting investigations to learn the source of the infections with this virus and to find other cases. CDC is following this situation closely and coordinating with domestic and international partners in a number of areas. More information will be posted as it becomes available. There is no recommendation against travel to China at this time. – For complete Notice see

TRAVEL WARNINGS: CDC warns of deadly Novel (New) CORONAVIRUS in the ARABIAN PENINSULA and UNITED KINGDOM ~ RABIES VACCINE still in short supply ~ RABIES reports from GA, MO, OH, TXx2, & WV.

Bat colony. Courtesy National Park Service.

Bat colony. Courtesy National Park Service.

Travel Warnings:

Middle East

Middle East

Global 03/08/13 News Release – From April 2012 to February 2013, a total of 14 people in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Jordan, and the United Kingdom (UK) were confirmed to have respiratory illness caused by a novel (new) coronavirus; 13 cases were severe and one case was mild. Eight of these 14 people died. In the UK, an infected man likely spread the virus to two family members. He had recently traveled to Pakistan and Saudi Arabia and got sick before returning to the UK. This cluster of cases provides the first evidence of person-to-person transmission. The UK’s Health Protection Agency is continuing to investigate this. Also, clusters of cases in Saudi Arabia and Jordan are being investigated.

cdc_logoCDC does not recommend that anyone change their travel plans because of these cases of the novel coronavirus. CDC recommends that US travelers to countries in or near the Arabian Peninsula monitor their health and see a doctor right away if they develop fever and symptoms of lower respiratory illness, such as cough or shortness of breath. They should tell the doctor about their recent travel. Coronaviruses are a cause of the common cold. A coronavirus also was the cause of the severe respiratory illness called SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome). SARS caused a global epidemic in 2003, but there have not been any known cases of SARS since 2004. This novel coronavirus is not the same coronavirus that caused SARS. – For further information see

CDC Coronavirus Investigation:

Author’s Note: According to CDC, the reservoir and route of transmission of 95673687hnvwVS_phthe novel coronavirus are still being investigated. Genetic sequencing to date has determined the virus is most closely related to coronaviruses detected in bats. CDC is continuing to collaborate with WHO and affected countries to better characterize the epidemiology of novel coronavirus infection in humans. – For further information see

Mountain Lion Sightings:

s_mountain-lion-0002California 03/08/13 Los Angeles County: Two separate incidents involving a mountain lion, perhaps the same one, were reported in Sierra Madre. Two pets, a cat and a dog, were killed. On Tuesday of this week the lion was spotted in the vicinity of Santa Anita and Oakwood avenues, then Foothill Avenue and Camillo Road, and finally in the 500 block of Los Rocas Drive where a resident saw a house cat in its mouth. On Thursday evening a lion killed a small dog in the backyard of a home on Vista Circle Drive. Residents have been urged to keep a close eye on small children and pets. – See


IMOVAXNational 03/07/13 Rabies vaccine supplies remain restricted in the United States. Rabies vaccine produced by Sanofi Pasteur (IMOVAX), is currently available for post-exposure prophylaxis only. Vaccine produced by Novartis (RabAvert), imagesCAPUQ0PZcontinues to be available for pre- and post-exposure prophylaxis. CDC continues to work with partners to monitor the status of the rabies vaccine supply. This status is not expected to change moving into spring, however, additional updates will be released as available.

Author’s Note: On February 20, 2013, the CDC reported that Sanofi Pasteur’s rabies vaccine shortage is due to “increased demand and manufacturing delay.”

5704860-portrait-of-gray-fox-barkingGeorgia 03/08/13 Richmond County: Health officials have confirmed a fox that attacked a man on February 27th in the vicinity of Mike Padgett Highway and Goshen Industrial Boulevard in Augusta has tested positive for rabies. When it later tried to attack a second person, it was put down. – See

Horse%20MouthMissouri 03/05/13 Wayne County: A horse stabled in the vicinity of Williamsville that began to deteriorate and became aggressive before dying has tested positive for rabies. This is the fourth confirmed case of animal rabies in the state this year (including three skunks in Douglas, Howell, and Ste. Genevieve counties) prompting officials to issue a Rabies Alert. – See

bat-in-sink-2Ohio 03/08/13 Medina County: A bat found alive Wednesday in the kitchen sink of an East Liberty Street home in the City of Medina has tested positive for rabies. – See

Texas 03/08/13 Somervell County: For the second time in two weeks a skunk found in the Rainbow area has tested positive for rabies. – See surfeit of skunks

Texas 03/07/13 Coryell County: Two skunks shot in separate incidents in Gatesville have tested positive for rabies. – See–195689141.html

RaccoonDEC_NY.govWest Virginia 03/08/13 Mercer County: A raccoon picked up on Princeton Avenue in Bluefield has tested positive for rabies. – See

Scientists say three U.S. states could soon see new DENGUE FEVER outbreaks ~ NEW MEXICO veterinarian finds TULAREMIA in two DOGS ~ WEST NILE VIRUS report from NEVADA ~ RABIES reports from FL, & SC ~ TRAVEL WARNING: CDC DENGUE alert for MADEIRA.

Asian Tiger Mosquito. A vector for Dengue.

Asian Tiger Mosquito. A vector for Dengue.

Florida, Texas, Hawaii 12/21/12 by Jennifer Welsh – The viral infection dengue fever is usually associated with tropical areas, but the disease has been spreading, even into the tropical areas of the United States: Texas, Florida and Hawaii. Dengue is common in other areas, infecting 100 million people a year. 500,000 of them end up hospitalized, and about half of those die. There are also huge costs to the labor force, because the infection can last for months. It is spread by mosquitoes.

Maryn McKenna reports for Slate:

astmh_logoAt the annual meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene last month, researchers from the University of Florida revealed that dengue has reappeared in Key West, Fla. The virus they found was not a one-time visitor imported by a tourist or a stray mosquito; it has been on the island long enough to become a genetically distinct, local strain. The Florida researchers didn’t want to talk about their presentation because they hope to get it published soon in a medical journal. But it turns out other tropical-disease experts have been watching dengue’s return to the United States for a while and wondering what it will mean. “It really is just a matter of time until dengue re-establishes itself in certain areas here,” says Amesh Adalja of the Center for Biosecurity of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. “The U.S. has been lucky that it has escaped so far.”

upmc122 people were infected with dengue in Hawaii in 2001, the first time that the disease has been seen there since 1944. A separate outbreak in Brownsville, Texas, in 2005 infected 25, and 90 cases were reported in Key West between 2009 and 2010. “It may not swamp the entire U.S.,” Adalja told McKenna. “But the entire South already harbors those mosquitoes, and that is bad enough. Dengue shouldn’t have to swamp the entire country for us to make it a priority.

Tularemia1-300x200New Mexico 12/19/12 A local veterinarian has recently diagnosed two dogs in the Edgewood area with tularemia, according to former East Mountain Coalition president Linda Barbour. The disease can easily be treated but is potentially fatal and can be transmitted to humans. It is recommended that people wear gloves when handling or removing dead animals and make sure their pets have flea and tick protection. Although the disease is rare in New Mexico, it and bubonic plague are both present in the East Mountains, Barbour points out. For more information about tularemia, go to

West Nile Virus (WNV):

clark cty NVNevada 12/21/12 Clark County: A 51-year-old woman has tested positive for WNV. Health officials said WNV positive mosquito pools have been found in the 89121 and 891243 Las Vegas zip codes. – See


OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAFlorida 12/20/12 Polk County: A bat that was brought into a home on Cleveland Heights Boulevard in Lakeland by the family’s dog has tested positive for rabies. – See

raccoon1654South Carolina 12/20/12 Spartanburg County: A raccoon that walked into a crowded  neighborhood and bit a Woodruff teenager has tested positive for rabies. – See

Travel Warnings:

madeira_flag_poster_print-r77cd55cf2e5a425a9ae59070011ca52b_f6xq_325Madeira 12/22/12 As of December 9, 2012, 2,050 cases of dengue fever have been reported from the Portuguese island of Madeira. There have been 58 cases of dengue reported in European travelers returning from Madeira. At this time, CDC does not advise against madeira-locationtravel to Madeira. However, travelers should protect themselves from mosquito bites. – For further details and advice on how travelers can protect themselves see

CDC warns more WEST NILE VIRUS cases NATIONALLY than ever before reported ~ CALIFORNIA confirms BUBONIC PLAGUE in SQUIRRELS on Palomar Mountain ~ MOUNTAIN LION reports from CA, MN, & NEx2 ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCHEPHALITIS, WEST NILE VIRUS, AND ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS reports from CAx2, FLx2, IL, IN, MAx2, NH, OH, OK, & WI ~ RABIES reports from CA, CT, IL, NH, NJx3, NY, NC, & USDA.

National 08/21/12 West Nile Virus Update – Thus far in 2012, 47 states have reported West Nile virus infections in people, birds, or mosquitoes. A total of 1118 cases of West Nile virus disease in people, including 41 deaths, have been reported to CDC. Of these, 629 (56%) were classified as neuroinvasive disease (such as meningitis or encephalitis) and 489 (44%) were classified as non-neuroinvasive disease.

The 1118 cases reported thus far in 2012 is the highest number of West Nile virus disease cases reported to CDC through the third week in August since West Nile virus was first detected in the United States in 1999. Approximately 75 percent of the cases have been reported from 5 states (Texas, Mississippi, Louisiana, South Dakota, and Oklahoma) and almost half of all cases have been reported from Texas.

California 08/21/12 by Brandon Lowrey – Three ground squirrels found at Palomar Mountain campgrounds have tested positive for plague, a deadly bacterial infection that wiped out millions of people in the Middle Ages, San Diego County officials said Wednesday. Plague infections are now rare among humans, but at least a few squirrels in higher elevations around Palomar Mountain or Julian are found during routine testing each year, said Chris Conlan, supervising vector ecologist for the San Diego County Vector Control program. The county posts plague warning signs in areas where the disease is found, officials said. There has never been a recorded human plague infection in San Diego County, although there have been several in California, officials said. Fewer than 100 cases were reported over the last decade in the U.S., mostly in California, Arizona, New Mexico and Colorado, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Two of the infected squirrels found recently were in the Cedar Grove Campground, according to a county statement. The third was trapped at the Doane Campground. – For complete article see

Mountain Lion Sightings:

California 08/21/12 Rancho Santa Fe, San Diego County: Another mountain lion sighting occurred recently on El Acebo Del Norte according to Patrol Chief Matt Wellhouser. A homeowner reported that he saw a large mountain lion in his backyard  on Aug. 20, Wellhouser said. The cat walked slowly through the yard until it saw the homeowner and started toward him slowly.  The homeowner stayed in his home and the cat walked away growling, according to Wellhouser. – See

Minnesota 08/21/12 Aitkin, Aitkin County: A horse owner whose 900-pound mare was attacked by a mountain lionor cougar wants other animal owners in Aitkin County to be on the lookout for the big cats. Lori Hart’s quarter horse

Courtesy National Park Service.

Molly was mauled last week on her property north of Aitkin. Hart says the wild animal took a “big chunk” out of the horse’s hind quarters. Hart says a Pierz veterinarian confirmed Molly was attacked by a mountain lion or cougar and that there was a similar attack on a calf less than a month ago.

Nebraska 08/20/12 Kimball, Kimball County: A mountain lion seen lounging in a tree in the 1000 block of East Third Street was tranquilized and removed by local and state authorities using a bucket truck. – See

Nebraska 08/22/12 Sidney, Cheyenne County: County Sheriff John Jenson says a mountain lion was reported near town on Tuesday and deputies confirmed seeing mountain lion tracks. Deputies also checked into reports two-to-three weeks ago of mountain lion sightings south of Lodgepole and Sheriff Jenson is becoming more concerned with how close the animals are getting to Sidney. – See

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

California 08/20/12 Ventura County: Health officials report that a woman in her early 50s who was hospitalized represents the first human case of WNV in the county since 2007. So far this year, 26 human cases have been reported in the state. – See

California 08/22/12 Fresno County: Health officials confirm that an elderly woman is the first person in the county this year to die of complications associated with WNV. It is the second WNV related fatality in the state this year. – See

Florida 08/20/12 Duval County: Health officials confirm the number of WNV human cases has increased to 11. The two most recent cases involve a 63-year-old woman, and an 84-year-old man. – See

Florida 08/21/12 Bay County: Sentinel chickens have tested positive for WNV, EEE and St. Louis Encephalitis prompting health officials to place the county under a mosquito-borne illness advisory, joining Washington, Walton and Holmes Counties. – See

Illinois 08/19/12 Lombard, DuPage County: Health officials report that longtime village president, William Mueller, 76, has died of complications associated with WNV. – See

Indiana 08/22/12 Allen County: Health officials have confirmed the first human case of WNV in the county reported this year. – See

Massachusetts 08/21/12 Hamilton, Essex County: Town officials confirm that mosquitoes trapped in the area have tested positive for EEE and parts of the town will be sprayed. – See

Massachusetts 08/21/12 Plymouth County: Health officials say they have found mammal-biting mosquitoes infected with EEE in the communities of Carver and Kingston. The EEE threat level has been raised to “high” in Carver and ‘moderate” in Kingston. They say the threat in (the town of) Plymouth, which borders both towns, has also been raised to “moderate”.

New Hampshire 08/19/12 Londonderry, Rockingham County: Mosquitoes trapped near the city have tested positive for WNV. – See

New Hampshire 08/22/12 News Release – Health officials have confirmed the first human case of WNV in the state this year in the city of Manchester. The individual, an adult, has recovered. – See

Ohio 08/21/12 Columbus, Franklin County: Health officials say a 25-year-old woman is the first to contract WNV in the county. Her case brings the state total to 16 so far this year. – See

A female Aedes albopictus mosquito. West Nile Virus vector. CDC

Oklahoma 08/22/12 WNV Update – The number of (human) cases rose from 61 on Thursday to 65 on Tuesday, the two days each week that the department reports West Nile activity. . . The department said 44 of the 65 cases have been the neuro-invasive form, the most severe form, which causes inflammation of the brain and spinal cord and can lead to mental confusion, disorientation, blindness, paralysis and death. – See

Wisconsin 08/22/12 northcentral: The state veterinarian is warning horse owners to get their animals vaccinated after blood samples from a horse in Clark County and another in Lincoln County were positive for EEE. – See


California 08/17/12 Point Arena, Mendocino County: According to a woman who attended a yoga retreat at Oz Farms two weekends ago, she and six others are receiving rabies shots following potential exposure to the virus from bats. – See

Connecticut 08/21/12 Fairfield, Fairfield County: Animal control officers are looking for the owner of a Great Dane that reportedly bit a woman near Southport Beach on Friday. The officers are trying to determine the dog’s vaccine history to eliminate further post-exposure rabies shots for the complainant. According to the report from Animal Control, the woman was walking near the beach Friday when the tan (fawn) Great Dane lunged toward her. The dog was being walked by a thin black male. The woman did not realize she had been bitten at the time, and she and the man walking the dog parted ways. The woman told Animal Control she believes the man and dog walked away toward Sasco Creek Road in Westport. The woman saw when she arrived home that she had been bitten on the leg and reported the bite to Animal Control. She was examined by her physician on Monday and began a series of post-exposure rabies shots as a precaution. Fairfield Animal Control and Westport Police have not yet tracked down the tan Great Dane or its owner. Anyone with information on the Great Dane should call Fairfield Animal Control at 203-254-4857.

Illinois 08/21/12 St. Charles, Kane County: A bat discovered inside a home earlier this week has tested positive for rabies. – See

New Jersey 08/18/12 Gloucester, Camden County: A bat killed inside a home this week has tested positive for rabies. Family members sleeping in the home have been advised to seek medical advice. – See

New Jersey 08/20/12 North Brunswick, Middlesex County: A bat found inside a home in the area of Masoma Road and Axel Avenue has tested positive for rabies. – See

New Jersey 08/21/12 Pittsgrove, Salem County: A skunk that fought with two vaccinated dogs on August 5th has tested positive for rabies. The dogs’ owner was also potentially exposed to the virus while cleaning blood from the dogs. The dogs were given booster shots, and their owner was advised to seek medical advice. – See

New York 08/17/12 Rhinebeck, Dutchess County: A bat found inside a home has tested positive for rabies. This is the first confirmed case of the virus in the county this year. – See

North Carolina 08/21/12 New Hanover County: A fox that fought with a dog Monday on Antoinette Drive near Monkey Junction has tested positive for rabies. This is the 13th confirmed case of the virus in the county so far this year. – See

ONRABA. Courtesy USDA.

US Department of Agriculture 08/13/12 News Release – A second U.S. field trial of a vaccine to control rabies in raccoons, skunks, and other wildlife beginning this month.  The expansion was approved after an environmental assessment process. The field trial will distribute more than one million oral rabies vaccination (ORV) baits in Vermont, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, and West Virginia to test the safety and efficacy of the ONRAB® vaccine for potential use in wildlife. The ONRAB® vaccine is currently used in Canada to control rabies in raccoons, skunks and foxes.  The vaccine was field tested in the United States for the first time in West Virginia last year.  Results from the 2011 U.S. field trial with ONRAB® were promising and warranted additional, expanded testing of the vaccine for potential licensure by the USDA APHIS Center for Veterinary Biologics (CVB). – For complete News Release see

MONTANA game officers kill MOUNTAIN LION that attacked DOG ~ ALABAMA reports four HORSES with EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS ~ CDC reports 242 total HUMAN CASES of WEST NILE VIRUS in 42 states, including four deaths this year ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from IL, MA, OH, & SD ~ RABIES reports from MD, & MO.

Mountain lion. Courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Montana 08/02/12 by Gwen Florio – A mountain lion suspected of confronting several people in the Clearwater Junction area was killed Wednesday night after attacking and injuring someone’s dog. “We’re quite confident it’s the same cat,” Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks biologist Jay Kolbe said Thursday. Kolbe was called around 10:20 p.m. Wednesday after a lion attacked a couple’s dog near their family cabin in Riverwatch, just north of Harpers Lake where a lion also had approached people. After a sighting Monday night at Salmon Lake campground, FWP stationed wildlife conflict specialist Bob Wiesner and his chase dog Spinner in a camper there. When Wiesner, Spinner and Kolbe all converged upon the Riverwatch cabin Wednesday night, the lion was still there, Kolbe said. Spinner treed it, and the lion was killed. “Things went about as well as we could have hoped,” Kolbe said. “I can’t say enough about Bob’s dedication and hard work this past week to put his life on hold,” he said of Wiesner. “You never know when that call’s going to come.”

He said the young male lion was extremely emaciated, with its ribs showing, which may provide a clue as to why it was so willing to approach people in campgrounds. Two weekends ago, a lion came within 20 feet of a 4-year-old girl in the Harpers Lake Campground – and then refused to back off when adults tried to scare it away. In the two preceding days, a lion in the same area approached two different people, Kolbe said. FWP attributed all those reports to the same lion. “This is unusual behavior. This is a 1 percenter. That’s why we respond lethally,” he said. “It doesn’t mean people shouldn’t enjoy the outdoors.” Most lions bolt at the sight of people, he said. Case in point – a pair of lions spotted Monday night in Salmon Lake, Kolbe said. One was large, one much smaller, and the two called to each other as though they were mother and offspring. “They did not act aggressively and moved off when approached,” he said. Which is exactly what lions are supposed to do.

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

Alabama 07/31/12 Dallas County: State health officials confirm there have been four positive cases of EEE found in horses in the county. – See

National 08/01/12 News Release – The CDC is urging people to take steps to prevent WNV infections.  Outbreaks of the disease occur each summer in the United States.  This year, some areas of the country are experiencing earlier and greater activity. Thus far in 2012, 42 states have reported WNV infections in people, birds, or mosquitoes. A total of 241 human cases of WNV disease, including four deaths, have been reported to CDC. This is the highest number of cases reported through the end of July since 2004. Almost 80 percent of the cases have been reported from three states, Texas, Mississippi, and Oklahoma. – For complete release including best way to prevent WNV see

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Illinois 08/02/12 Oquawka, Henderson County: Mosquito batches collected by health department staff members have tested positive for WNV. – See

Massachusetts 08/02/12 Arlington, Middlesex County: Public health officials announced Thursday that WNV has been detected in mosquitoes collected in the town. – See

Ohio 08/01/12 Shaker Heights, Cuyahoga County: State health officials have confirmed that mosquito traps in the city and throughout the county have tested positive for WNV. A total of 374 WNV positive mosquito pools have been identified statewide this year and one human case has been identified in Clermont County. – See

South Dakota 08/02/12 News Release – WNV detections increase with 9 cumulative human cases: Brown 4, Aurora, Hughes, Kingsbury, Lake, & Roberts counties; 7 cumulative positive blood donors: Aurora, Beadle, Brown, Edmunds, Hanson, Lincoln, & Turner counties; 1 WNV positive horse: Hanson County; 1 WNV positive bird: Roberts County; and 34 WNV positive mosquito pools: Brown 21, Brookings 6, Hughes 4, Codington 2, and Lincoln counties. – See


Maryland 08/01/12 Waldorf, Charles County: Two people are being treated for potential exposure to rabies after a bat found in an apartment tested positive for the virus. – See

Missouri 08/01/12 Nodaway County: A bat captured inside a residence has tested positive for rabies. – See

CANADA: WOMAN from northern QUEBEC survives POLAR BEAR attack ~ FLORIDA man’s DOG killed by BLACK BEAR in backyard ~ COLORADAN dies of HANTAVIRUS ~ CALIFORNIA law officer shoots MOUNTAIN LION that broke through family’s back door ~ COLORADO confirms wild RABBIT tested positive for TULAREMIA ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS reports from GA, MAx3, NY, NC, & VA ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from AZ, FL, ILx2, MI, MS, NJx2, NY, OH, TX, & WI ~ RABIES reports from NJ, NYx2, NC, PA, & TX ~ CDC REPORTS: ZOONOTIC DISEASE summary for week ending July 14, 2012 ~ TRAVEL WARNINGS: CDC notice of CHOLERA outbreak in CUBA.

Polar bear. Courtesy U.S. Geological Survey


Quebec 07/27/12 An Inuk woman underwent surgery in Montreal Friday afternoon, four days after she was mauled by a polar bear near Kangiqsualujjuaq, a small Inuit community in Nunavik, in northern Quebec. Alicie Baron, 57, stepped out of her hunting cabin late Monday night, checking around for a bear as she normally would. She didn’t see anything. “I think this bear was hiding behind our cabin,” she said. Baron said she turned around after hearing a sound and found herself face to face with the bear. “I yelled twice. I tried to make a very loud yell, since my husband was inside. He only heard my last yell,” she said. Baron’s husband grabbed a hunting rifle and tried to shoot the bear. His first bullet jammed, so he got a second gun, firing two shots before the bear let go of Baron. Baron was left with a gaping head wound and a mangled hand. “I was afraid if I just stayed there doing nothing, he would….open my skull,” said Baron from her Montreal hospital bed on Friday. “I had to use my hand for protection.” “I just tried my best to be strong, to try not to have the bear chew off my head,” she said. The couple had to wait in the hunting camp overnight for help to arrive. Baron was first flown to Kuujjuaq for treatment, then on to Montreal. She underwent surgery on Tuesday to treat her head wounds. A second operation on Friday was to repair three fractures and lacerations to her right hand. A stoic Baron said she is hoping to make a full recovery.

United States:

Florida 07/27/12 Traps will be set for the bear that attacked and killed a DeLand man’s dog in his backyard, according to Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission officials. The attack happened Saturday night around 11 p.m. on Oak Street near International Speedway and Kepler Road. Greg Mapp believes the bear was about 350 pounds. He said his dog, Molly, and the bear went “toe to toe” as Molly defended her home. Mapp said the bear ran into the woods behind his house, but his dog was hurt so badly she had to be put down. His neighbor, Patricia Peacock, said she believes she spotted the same bear in her front yard on Wednesday. Joy Hill, a spokesperson with Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, said a trap will placed in the area in the next day or two, but she added that the situation is not an emergency and the bear is not considered dangerous. Hill said the bear was likely going after the dog’s food that the owner left in the back yard. She said residents should take food inside. “This was a defensive response by the bear,” Hill said. “It was not a predatory attack. This type of thing will continue to happen as long as people provide food opportunities for bears (that) live in the woods around them.” If officials capture the bear, Hill said they will relocate it to the Ocala National Forest. Hill said the trap is being moved from Paisley in Lake County where a bear bit another dog earlier in the week. Local 6 spoke with the owner of the the other dog, Brian Pollock, who said he kept his trashcans empty and doesn’t have food on his porch. But a bear bit the neck of his dog, Spike, who is recovering.

Deer mouse. Common carrier of Hantavirus. Courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Colorado 07/25/12 The Tri-County Health Department says an Adams County woman has died of hantavirus in the first Colorado death from the respiratory disease this year. The department said Wednesday that the 36-year-old woman, who had no serious underlying health conditions, was admitted to a hospital July 8 with flu-like symptoms and died two days later. Health officials say she most likely was exposed to hantavirus while cleaning a rodent-infested area of her home. People can catch the virus from inhaling airborne particles of infected rodents’ excrement. Symptoms include fever, chills, headache and severe muscle pain, especially in the lower back and legs, followed by a dry cough or difficulty breathing. State health officials say a Delta County man and Garfield County woman were infected with hantavirus earlier this year. Both survived.

California 07/27/12 by Patty Guerra – Tami Mendonca was working in the front yard of her home Sunday when she heard a crash in the back yard. She ran around to check and saw the back door hanging open. “It had just been kicked in,” she said. Using the cell phone she always keeps in her pocket, she called 911 to report the intruder. “Then she grabs the machete,” interjected her husband, Ray, as the couple recounted the story Thursday. The machete-wielding Mendonca flagged down a neighbor, and they watched the house while waiting for help to arrive. A Stanislaus County sheriff’s deputy got there quickly and went into the house with his K-9. “He came out and said the house was clear,” Tami Mendonca said. “Nothing had been taken.” While they were chatting, the Mendoncas’ dogs ran out to one of the eucalyptus trees in the yard and started barking. “We’re all excited and we thought we’ve got him up the tree,” she said. “Then we looked up, and we all just froze.” The suspect was a 100-pound mountain lion. The deputy told Mendonca to put her dogs in the kennel while he called the state Department of Fish and Game. “Fish and Game told them if the animal comes out of the tree, they should probably consider dispatching it,” sheriff’s deputy Royjindar Singh said Thursday. “The lion decided to come out of the tree, so (the deputy) shot it and killed it.” Authorities said the deputy had no alternative, as the mountain lion was a threat to public safety. “There are too many factors going on,” said Capt. Robert Simpson of the Department of Fish and Game. “Mountain lions have no fear; they have no predator.” – For complete article see

Colorado 07/27/12 Public Health officials announced Friday that a rabbit tested positive for an illness that “is similar to plague” in Pueblo. The rabbit was found in Pueblo West in the 1000 Block of West Saginaw Drive, and tested positive for Tularemia. Though the bacterial illness occurs naturally in the U.S., it’s a condition that can be fatal to humans. – For complete article see

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

Georgia 07/26/12 Chatham County: Health officials said Thursday that preliminary tests have confirmed the presence of WNV and EEE in mosquitoes collected in the county. – See

Massachusetts 07/27/12 Pittsfield, Berkshire County: A mosquito sample collected in the Williams Street area has tested positive for EEE. – See

Massachusetts 07/26/12 Westborough, Worcester County: Public health officials announced today that EEE has been detected in mosquitoes collected in the area. – See

Massachusetts 07/27/12 Canton, Norfolk County: Health officials announced earlier this week that EEE has been found in mammal-biting mosquitoes and the town’s risk level has been raised to “high”.  – See

New York 07/26/12 Morristown, St. Lawrence County: A horse found shaking and sweating in a field earlier this week tested positive for EEE. The horse has since died. – See

North Carolina 07/25/12 New Hanover County: A third sentinel chicken has tested positive for EEE in the past three weeks. There is no vaccine and no cure for humans if exposed to this disease. Vaccines are available for horses. Recently, horses with the disease were euthanized in Robeson and Bladen counties. – See

Virginia 07/26/12 Chesapeake: Mosquito populations are way up this year, and more than ever they are testing positive for EEE, a virus that can be fatal to people, according to city officials. And the spread of the virus among mosquitoes likely will get worse over the next two months until the mosquito season peaks. Mosquitoes are especially pesky in Chesapeake and Suffolk because of the Great Dismal Swamp, which straddles city lines and is home to millions of mosquitoes, including the bird-biting mosquito that carries EEE, an official said. – See

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Arizona 07/27/12 Pinal County: Mosquitoes trapped during routine surveillance have tested positive for WNV. – See

Florida 07/25/12 Duval County: Health officials confirmed a 62-year-old woman is the first human case of WNV diagnosed in the county this year. The woman was hospitalized but has since been released. – See

Illinois 07/26/12 Winnebago County: The county health department announced today that two crows, found in the 61104 and 61088 zip code areas, have tested positive for WNV. – See–163874226.html?ref=226

Illinois 07/25/12 Tests conducted by the Egyptian Health Department has confirmed WNV positive batches of mosquitoes in Saline, Gallatin and White Counties, including the towns of Shawneetown, Harrisburg and Carmi. – See

Michigan 07/27/12 Oakland County: A 44-year-old man was hospitalized earlier this month with the first confirmed human case of WNV in the state this year. He is now recovering at home. – See

Mississippi 07/27/12 by Karen Wilson – Today the Mississippi State Department of Health (MSDH) reports the first WNV death for 2012, along with eight new human cases. The death was in Smith County, and the new reported cases are in Leflore, Rankin (3), Smith, Stone (2), and Sunflower County. Today’s report brings the state total for 2012 to 19 cases and one death. – See

New Jersey 07/27/12 News Release – The first human case of WNV has been confirmed in a 19-year-old Monmouth County woman who was hospitalized but has recovered. In 2011, seven people tested positive for WNV.  In 2010, 30 cases were reported, including two deaths, one in Camden and one in Hudson. – See

New Jersey 07/25/12 Egg Harbor City, Atlantic County: A mosquito tested positive for WNV this week. Earlier, a mosquito collected in the vicinity of Duerer and 10th streets, and another at Birch Grove Park in Northfield, have tested positive for the virus. – See

New York 07/26/12 Staten Island: A man, who is over 50, was hospitalized with the first human case of WNV in New York City this year. He has since recovered. – See

Ohio 07/27/12 Clermont County: An 85-year-old man has the first human case of WNV in the state this year. The man has been hospitalized. There is no report on his condition. – See

Texas 07/26/12 Allen, Collin County: Health officials have confirmed three human cases of WNV in the city but did not say in which zip codes the infected people reside. – See

Wisconsin 07/25/12 Dane County: A bird has tested positive for WNV; the first to do so in the state this year. – See


New Jersey 07/24/12 Manalapan, Monmouth County: A bat found outside a local residence on July 15 has tested positive for rabies. Brown bats are commonly found in the area. – See

New York 07/26/12 Jay, Essex County: A raccoon found in the town has tested positive for rabies. – See

New York 07/26/12 Clinton County: One person is being treated for exposure to rabies after picking up a bat with bare hands. The bat tested positive for the virus. – See

North Carolina 07/25/12 Manson, Warren County: A raccoon killed by a tethered but unvaccinated dog in the Shells Lane area has tested positive for rabies. The dog had to be euthanized.– See

Pennsylvania 07/26/12 Chestnuthill Township, Monroe County: A skunk found wandering in a residential yard has tested positive for rabies. – See

Rabid cow.

Texas 07/27/12 Grayson County: A show cow tested positive for rabies a couple weeks ago. Family members became concerned once it began choking severely and exhibiting symptoms of pneumonia. After a vet observed and assessed that the rabies virus was indeed present, the cow was euthanized three days later. – See

CDC Reports:

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending July 14, 2012:

Published July 20, 2012/ 61(28); ND-382-ND-395

Anaplasmosis . . . 17 . . . New York (16), Virginia,

Babesiosis . . . 9 . . . California, New York (8),

Ehrlichiosis . . . 9 . . . Arkansas, Tennessee (2), Virginia (6),

Giardiasis . . . 112 . . . Alaska (2), Arkansas (2), California (23), Florida (20), Iowa (4), Maine (3), Maryland (3), Missouri (5), Nebraska (5), Nevada, New York (25), Ohio (4), Oregon (2), Pennsylvania (2), Vermont (2), Virginia (4), Washington (5),

Lyme Disease . . .  266. . .  California, Connecticut (6), Delaware (9), Florida (3), Maryland (33), New York (109), Oregon, Pennsylvania (79), Vermont (7), Virginia (18),

Q Fever (Acute) . . . 1 . . . Texas,

Rabies (Animal) . . . 43. . . Connecticut (3), Illinois (2), New York (17), Ohio, Texas (5), Vermont, Virginia (13), West Virginia,

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 20 . . . Alabama (2), Arkansas (3), Florida, Indiana, Maryland, New York, Tennessee (5), Virginia (6),

Tularemia . . . 3 . . . Alaska, Montana, Washington.

Travel Warnings:

Cuba 07/27/12 Outbreak Notice – The Cuban Ministry of Health has confirmed the first cholera outbreak in Cuba in more than a century. One hundred thirty-seven confirmed cases and 3 deaths have been reported in Granma province in the cities of Manzanillo, Bayamo, Yara, and Campechuela Niquero. Currently, cases are limited to Granma Province, mostly in Manzanillo. According to the Cuban Ministry of Public Health, control measures have been implemented including ensuring that water is safe for drinking, implementation of environmental sanitation measures and public awareness campaigns. The Pan American Health Organization is also closely monitoring this situation. Most travelers are not at high risk of getting cholera. However, travelers to an area with a known outbreak should take steps to avoid getting sick. The vaccine to prevent cholera is not available in the United States. – For complete notice see

CDC reports 149 persons in 28 states infected with SALMONELLA by handling small TURTLES ~ CALIFORNIA man attacked by MOUNTAIN LION near Nevada City ~ WYOMING confirms young male injured by BLACK BEAR ~ WASHINGTON’s Spokane County sees first WOLF attack on LIVESTOCK since 1950 ~ COYOTE attacks on PETS in CA, & ME ~ MOUNTAIN LION sightings in CA, & CO ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS reports from GA, & LA ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from AZ, CA, IN, GA, MI, MN, MS, NY, & OH ~ RABIES reports from NC, & WI.

Photo courtesy Centers for Disease Control & Prevention.

National 06/29/12 News Release – A total of 149 persons infected with outbreak strains of Salmonella Sandiego, Salmonella Pomona, and Salmonella Poona have been reported from 28 states. Results of the epidemiologic and environmental investigations indicate exposure to turtles or their environments (e.g., water from a turtle habitat) is the cause of these outbreaks.

  • The number of ill persons identified in each state is as follows: Alabama (2), Alaska (2), Arizona (5), California (26), Colorado (5), Delaware (3), Georgia (3), Illinois (1), Indiana (1), Kentucky (1), Massachusetts (3), Maryland (6), Michigan (2), Minnesota (1), New Jersey (7), New Mexico (4), New York (25), Nevada (6), North Carolina (1), Ohio (2), Oregon (1), Pennsylvania (14), South Carolina (4), Tennessee (2), Texas (17), Vermont (1), Virginia (3), and West Virginia (1).
  • 28 ill persons have been hospitalized, and no deaths have been reported.
  • 64% of ill persons are children 10 years of age or younger, and 28% of ill persons are children 1 year of age or younger.
  • 94% of ill persons with turtle exposure specifically reported exposure to small turtles (shell length less than 4 inches). Thirty-three percent of ill persons with small turtles reported purchasing the turtles from street vendors, and 22% reported purchasing small turtles from pet stores.
  • Small turtles are a well-known source of human Salmonella infections, especially among young children. Because of this risk, the Food and Drug Administration has banned the sale and distribution of these turtles as pets since 1975. Turtles with a shell length of less than 4 inches in size should not be purchased as pets or given as gifts.

For further details see

California 07/02/12 by Matt Weiser – A 63-year-old man was attacked by a mountain lion near Nevada City early Sunday while sleeping alongside a tributary of the Yuba River. The California Department of Fish and Game confirmed the unusual attack after investigating the scene and the man’s injuries. Fish and Game said the man, who is from the Bay Area, was traveling through Nevada County on a planned hiking trip when he decided to stop for the night to sleep. He laid a sleeping bag out on the ground and went to sleep. Around 1 a.m., he was attacked in the sleeping bag by a mountain lion for what he described as 90 seconds to 2 minutes. The man said the animal bit and clawed him through the sleeping bag, through a cap he was wearing and through his clothes. The lion ceased the attack, looked at him from 15 feet away for another 15 to 30 seconds, then ran into the night. The man drove himself to a hospital in Grass Valley, where he was treated for non-life threatening injuries and later released. Game wardens responded to the hospital and verified that the man suffered severe scratches and puncture wounds. They collected several articles of clothing and the sleeping bag, which were analyzed at Fish and Game’s forensics laboratory in Sacramento. At the scene, wardens found mountain lion tracks. They used trained dogs in an attempt to track the lion but were unsuccessful. However, they did find the remains of a domestic cat which had injuries consistent with a mountain lion attack. An effort to track the lion continues. Fish and Game counts this as the 15th confirmed mountain lion attack in California since 1890.

Wyoming 07/02/12 by Rachael Horne – Public Information Specialist Mark Gocke with the Wyoming Game and Fish Department confirmed there was a bear attack on the Aspen Trail involving a male subject early Saturday morning June 30. He said from reports and enforcement officers sent to the scene, a young male individual likely surprised a bear in an area with heavy forest cover and low visibility. “It sounded like a surprise encounter,” said Gocke. “The bear reacted and charged.” Gocke said from reports, it sounded like the male subject attempted to climb a tree. The bear was then able to get a hold of his foot and pull him from the tree to the ground. It was believed the bear then took off and hasn’t been seen again. Gocke said it was believed to be a black bear based on hair found at the scene and tracks. He said it looked like a bear had been digging and rolling rocks near the scene of the incident. “It was doing what bears do,” said Gocke. “He was able to spook it and the bear charged, which is a normal reaction for a bear at close range.” Gocke said they have no plans to trap the bear. Last week, two bears believed to have been habituated to human food in Teton Canyon were euthanized. Captain Tripp Wilson from the Teton County Wyoming Sheriff’s office said his officers assisted in a search for a missing minor, but said he could not make a statement on the events because it was being handled by the Caribou-Targhee National Forest Service District. Forest service officials also confirmed there was an incident, but were not yet releasing information. Signs have been posted in the area warning visitors of bear activity, but there have been no trail closures.

Washington 06/30/12 by Daniel Person – A wolf killed one sheep and injured two others on a small Nine Mile Falls ranch earlier this month, the state’s wildlife agency said Friday, marking the first wolf attack on livestock in Spokane County since at least the early 1950s. Steve Pozzanghera, eastern region director for the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, said Friday two brothers woke up June 16 to see their flock of about 15 sheep in the pasture and away from the pen area where they normally gather in the morning. The men, who are not identified in the incident report, rode four-wheelers out to the flock, where they said they saw a lone wolf chasing one of the sheep. The animal then ran away. A subsequent investigation by the Fish and Wildlife Department determined that the predator was a gray wolf, Pozzanghera said. Helping confirm that it was a wolf kill was the severity of the wounds – wolves have “incredible jaw strength” – and tracks found in the area, he said. “You’re not talking about a dog-size track,” Pozzanghera said. The incident report lists the location of the attack as 11000 N. Pinebluff Road. The department announced that it had confirmed the predation as a wolf kill on Friday. – For complete article see

Coyote Attacks:

California 06/29/12 San Anselmo, Marin County: A 2-year-old cat is recovering after his owner rescued him from the mouth of a coyote in the backyard of their Rosemont Avenue home on Wednesday. – See

Maine 06/30/12 Kennebunk, York County: A family dog is recovering after being rescued from a coyote by her owner Thursday night. – See

Mountain Lion Sightings:

California 06/30/12 Woodside, San Mateo County: A mountain lion was seen walking along a trail in Huddart Park at 1100 Kings Mountain Road Friday night. – See

Colorado 07/02/12 Loveland, Larimer County: A man working in his yard near 41st Street and Taft Avenue reported a mountain lion resting in a tree above him. – See

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

Georgia 07/02/12 Lakeland, Lanier County: Health officials have confirmed another case of EEE in a horse. This is the fourth case in a horse found in South Georgia this year. – See

Louisiana 07/02/12 Iberia Parish: The state veterinarian’s office has reported a horse infected with EEE in the parish. – See

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Yavapai County

Arizona 07/03/12 Yavapai County: A large body of standing water tested positive for WNV. Health officials and the property owner are working to resolve the situation, which was due to improper irrigation techniques and/or faulty ditch gates. – See

California 07/02/12 Los Angeles County: WNV has been found in mosquitoes in Newhall, Encino and Silverlake. A dead crow was found to be infected with the virus in Toluca Lake. This is the first time the virus has been detected in Rowland Heights this year. – See

Marion County

Indiana 07/02/12 Marion County: Public health officials said two samples of mosquitoes, one taken from Warren Township and another in Perry Township, tested positive for the WNV. – See,0,3929153.column

Iberia Parish

Louisiana 07/02/12 Iberia Parish: Officials have found WNV in mosquito samples. – See

Michigan 07/02/12 Saginaw and Washtenaw counties: A mosquito abatement commission in Saginaw County tested a mosquito pool and detected WNV, officials said. Also, a wild turkey in Washtenaw County that displayed signs of the virus was checked at Michigan State University, and it tested positive. – See

Minnesota 07/03/12 South-Central: A human case of WNV has been confirmed in a St. Louis County after visiting a south-central part of the state. He was hospitalized and is recovering. – See

Mississippi 07/03/12 Lauderdale County: District health officials have confirmed a human case of WNV in the county. – See

New York 07/03/12 Long Island: A mosquito sample taken from Gardiner County Park in Islip, and a dead crow found in Northport, have both tested positive for WNV. – See

Lake County

Ohio 07/02/12 Lake County: State health officials have confirmed a mosquito pool has tested positive for WNV. – See


North Carolina 07/02/12 Silver Valley, Davidson County: A fox that ran from a resident’s garage and attacked him has tested positive for rabies. – See

Wisconsin 07/02/12 Wausau, Marathon County: The Marathon County Health Department is requesting help from the public in the search for a dog who bit a woman at Sunny Vale Park Sunday. The dog is a 6- or 7-year-old black lab mix and is not wearing a collar. The department needs to verify the dog’s vaccination status to prevent the woman from having to endure rabies shots. If you have information about this dog or know who owns it, contact the Marathon County Health Department at 715-261-1908, the Marathon County Dispatch at 715-849-7785 or the Humane Society at 715-845-2810.

CALIFORNIA preparing for TIGER MOSQUITO that carries DENGUE and other VIRUSES ~ EUROPEAN climate change favors MOSQUITO that carries DENGUE and other VIRUSES ~ TENNESSEE TICK season is early and ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER cases are up over 500% ~ FDA says CALIFORNIA case of MAD COW DISEASE under control ~ RABIES reports from FLORIDA(2), MASSACHUSETTS, NEW JERSEY, OKLAHOMA, & VIRGINIA.

Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopicts, beginning its blood-meal. Courtesy of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

California 04/25/12 by Jessica Parks – Santa Clara County is urging residents to be on the lookout for an exotic, bloodthirsty tiger with a potentially lethal bite.  It was last seen in Los Angeles County on Dec. 28. Asian tiger mosquitoes are a much smaller threat than jungle cats and haven’t been linked to any human illnesses in California.  But officials aren’t taking any chances.  Once the species becomes established, it is very difficult to eradicate and can spread diseases such as chikungunya, dengue fever and encephalitis. The county is launching a public education campaign, asking residents to “be our eyes and ears,” said vector control chief Russ Parman, who will oversee the effort. The tiger mosquito is easily distinguished from common local species, due to its distinctive black body with white stripes and aggressive biting during daylight hours.  Parman’s office is also laying simple water traps across the county and using helicopters to locate stagnant pools of water where mosquitoes might be breeding.

The best way to eradicate invasive pests is to catch them early, before they can reproduce and branch out.  In early September, officials in Southern California began getting calls about strange-looking, day-biting mosquitoes east of downtown Los Angeles.  They went door-to-door and sprayed to suppress the insects, but “there were quite a few of them out there” and it’s impossible to know whether any larvae survived, said Kelly Middleton, a spokeswoman for the San Gabriel Valley Mosquito & Vector Control District. With warm weather following recent rains, spring is a prime time for the invasive pest to reappear. – For complete article see

Europe 04/25/12 by SAPA – The climate in north-west Europe and the Balkans is becoming suitable for the Asian tiger mosquito, a disease-spreading invasive species, scientists said on Wednesday. The warning comes from scientists at the University of Liverpool, north-west England, who say the two regions have been having progressively milder winters and warmer summers. These temperate conditions favour the mosquito, which gained a foothold in Albania in 1979 and is now present in more than 15 countries on Europe’s southern rim. “Over the last two decades, climate conditions have become more suitable over central northwestern Europe – Benelux, western Germany – and the Balkans,” they said. At the same time, drier conditions in southern Spain have made that region less welcoming for the insect, they said.

Hemorrhagic Dengue Fever Victim.

The Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus), a native of tropical and subtropical areas of Southeast Asia, can transmit viruses that cause West Nile fever, yellow fever, dengue, St. Louis and Japanese encephalitis and other diseases. In 2005-6, it caused an epidemic of chikungunya, a disease that attacks the joints, on the French Indian Ocean island of Reunion. A year later, it unleashed an outbreak of chikungunya in the Italian province of Ravenna. In 2010, it was fingered as a transmitter of dengue virus in France and Croatia. As of last December, the mosquito was present in more than 15 countries, from southern Spain to parts of Greece and Turkey, according to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

Reporting in Britain’s Journal of the Royal Society Interface, the Liverpool team looked at European weather records for 1950-2009 and ran a widely-used computer model to simulate weather trends for 2030-2050. “Similar trends are likely in the future with an increased risk simulated over northern Europe and slightly decreased risk over southern Europe,” says the study. “These distribution shifts are related to wetter and warmer conditions favouring the overwintering of A. albopictus in the north, and drier and warmer summers that might limit its southward expansion.” The paper points out that weather alone does not mean the species will automatically spread there. It also notes that the study did not consider vegetation or soil types which also determine whether the mosquito would be able to breed there. In addition, cold snaps or hot, dry spells also help limit mosquito survival, and these too were not included in the investigation. In the mid-1960s, the Asian tiger mosquito was limited to some parts of Asia, India and a handful of Pacific islands. It has since spread to North and South America, the Caribbean, Africa and the Middle East, as well as Europe, mainly by hitchhiking a ride in exported materials.

Tennessee 04/26/12 News Release – The Tennessee Department of Health is seeing significant increases in tick-borne illnesses this year following an unusually mild winter and spring. Cases of Rocky Mountain spotted fever are up 533 percent compared to this time last year, according to Abelardo Moncayo, Ph.D., with the TDH Division of Communicable and Environmental Diseases and Emergency Preparedness. “We’ve documented 38 cases of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, compared with only six by the same time last year,” Moncayo said. “We are also seeing increased numbers of other tick-borne infections compared to last year. Rocky Mountain spotted fever is the most serious tick-borne disease in the United States. Symptoms usually appear two to 14 days after a bite from an infected tick.

Petechial rash.

The disease often begins with sudden onset of fever and headache. Early symptoms may resemble other diseases and include nausea, vomiting, muscle pain, lack of appetite and severe headache. Later symptoms may include rash, abdominal pain, joint pain and diarrhea. Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a serious illness that can be fatal if not treated correctly, even in previously healthy people. It and other tick-borne illnesses can have devastating effects, but are effectively treated with antibiotics. Persons with symptoms should see their medical provider for early diagnosis and treatment. – For tips on preventing tick bites see

California 04/26/12 News Release – This week, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) confirmed that a dairy cow in California tested positive for atypical bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, or “mad cow” disease). The USDA also confirmed the cow did not enter the animal feed or human food supply. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is working with federal and state authorities to further investigate this case. The FDA is confident in the effectiveness of the existing animal feed safeguards designed to prevent the spread of BSE through feed. Although current science suggests that atypical cases of BSE, such as this one, are unlikely to be transmitted through animal feed, the FDA will work with the USDA to complete a thorough epidemiological investigation. Importantly, scientific research indicates that BSE cannot be transmitted in cow’s milk. – For more information see USDA’s Chief Veterinary Officer on the Recent BSE Case (aka Mad Cow)

Florida 04/25/12 North Fort Myers, Lee County: A horse that died from rabies last week presented the first confirmed case of the virus in the county in two years. – See

Florida 04/25/12 Merritt Island, Brevard County: A pet cat located at Banana River Drive that bit it’s owner has tested positive for rabies. It is most likely the cat contracted the disease from wild animal infected with the virus. – See

Massachusetts 04/25/12 Wayland, Middlesex County: A raccoon found off Concord and Lincoln roads in North Wayland has tested positive for rabies. – See

New Jersey 04/25/12 New Milford, Bergen County: A raccoon that attacked a man near his Pine Street home last Friday has tested positive for rabies. The man was bitten on an arm and a leg. – See

Oklahoma 04/25/12 Shawnee, Pottawatomie County: In little more than a week Unity Health Center staff have seen 10 patients with possible rabies exposure, Kari Gilliam, a pharmacist at Unity, said. From January to March 31 there have been 21 cases of rabies statewide; there were 60 total in 2011. Seventy percent of the rabies cases are found in skunks, and then cattle, dogs, cats, horses and bats. – For complete article see

Virginia 04/25/12 Virginia Beach: A raccoon that bit a mechanic on the arm and shoulder while he was working under a truck was captured by Animal Control and has tested positive for rabies. The mechanic tried to escape but the raccoon jumped on his back and bit him several times. Officers believe someone is feeding feral cats in the area and the food has attracted raccoons. It’s possible that the feral cats have also been exposed to the virus. The incident occurred near Butternut Lane. – See

OREGON posts draft of BLACK BEAR management plan for public review ~ MONTANA reports several more MOUNTAIN LION sightings near Helena ~ TRAVEL WARNINGS: CDC confirms MALARIA case acquired in THE BAHAMAS.

Black Bear. Photo by New York Department of Environmental Conservation.

Oregon 03/27/12 ODFW News Release – An updated plan to manage Oregon’s 25,000-30,000 estimated black bears is available for review online  Public comments related to the draft update of the Oregon Black Bear Management Plan will be taken through the June 7-8, 2012 Fish and Wildlife Commission meeting in Salem, when final action may be taken on the plan. However, comments received by April 13 will be reviewed and summarized for the Commission by their April 20 meeting in Salem, when ODFW staff will brief commissioners on the plan. A revised draft plan will be available in May. Send comments to, mail to ODFW Wildlife Division, 3406 Cherry Ave NE, Salem OR 97303 or fax to (503) 947-6330. The draft plan was written by ODFW wildlife biologists, with input from stakeholders. – For complete release see

Montana 03/27/12 Several more mountain lion sightings on the south side of Helena have prompted Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks to remind people who live in the area to take precautions, including securing their pet food and keeping pets inside. FWP Warden Dave Loewen said a few sightings of a mountain lion or its tracks, believed to be a juvenile that’s “working the area,” occurred over the past weekend on the south edge of town. He said one call came from Howie Street above Reeder’s Alley. Another sighting came from the Orofino Gulch area, which isn’t unusual given the proximity to the mountain and the mule deer that inhabit the area. But Loewen said the lions become a concern once they begin moving into populated areas. The most recent sightings come a month after a mountain lion went on a four-day llama-killing spree in the Birdseye area, northwest of Helena. By the time it was killed, it had killed six llamas.

Travel Warnings:

The Bahamas 03/27/12 CDC Travel Alert – The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recently received an official report of a confirmed case of malaria in a U.S. traveler to the island of Great Exuma, Bahamas. The traveler visited the island between February and March 2012 and reported no additional recent travel outside of the U.S. An outbreak of malaria previously occurred on Great Exuma Island, Bahamas in 2006, and the last documented case on the island was in 2008.  Malaria is not endemic to the Bahamas and no malaria cases had been reported from the country since then. Malaria control measures have been implemented, environmental controls have been put into operation, and on-island surveillance has been enhanced. Officials will inform of any new cases of Malaria if they are discovered.

Wikipedia Note: Exuma is a district of the Bahamas, consisting of over 360 islands (or cays). The largest of the cays is Great Exuma, which is 37 mi (60 km) in length and joined to another island, Little Exuma by a small bridge.