Category Archives: Viral disease

EHD killing hundreds of DEER in ILLINOIS ~ A cluster of another SWINE FLU variant (H1N2v) reported by MINNESOTA ~ Scientists in SOUTH AFRICA may have found cure for MALARIA ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS & WEST NILE VIRUS reports from IL, IN, MA, MI, TN, TX, & VT ~ RABIES report from CALIFORNIA.

Whitetailed buck. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Illinois 09/01/12 dailyherald.com: by Marie Denecke – A disease that was unknown to local experts until only a few weeks ago is killing hundreds of deer in the Chicago area — and until the first frost comes, those numbers could still go up. Humans can’t be infected, but so far, it has caused the deaths of roughly 200 deer in Cook County. Six suspect cases have also been reported in Kane County. None have been reported so far in DuPage and Lake counties. “I have been working here for 30 years, but I have never come across EHD,” said Chris Anchor, wildlife biologist for the Cook County Forest Preserve District. EHD is short for epizootic hemorrhagic disease, a virus that usually kills deer within a week after infection. It spreads from deer to deer through midges — small, biting flies. And until only a few weeks ago, it had been unknown in this part of Illinois.

Midge fly. Carrier of EDHV.

EHD has been around in the United States for roughly 60 years, the first outbreak occurring in Michigan and New Jersey in 1955. The disease, which usually appears in the Midwest and Northeast, apparently found its way to this area because of a combination of “a mild winter and a hot summer,” said Anchor. It is a disease that seems to spread rapidly. Anchor heard of the first cases of EHD in Cook County only two weeks ago. And the number of deer deaths attributed to it has doubled in the last week. Cases have been concentrated in Hanover, Schaumburg and Palatine townships. – For complete article see http://www.dailyherald.com/article/20120901/news/709019918/

Minnesota 08/31/12 state.mn.us: News Release – Three people are believed to have developed a strain of influenza known as variant H1N2 (H1N2v) after exhibiting pigs or spending time in the swine barn at the Minnesota State Fair. The illness has been confirmed in a teenage girl who was exhibiting pigs at the fair and became ill on Aug. 26. The other two cases occurred in an elementary-school-aged boy who became ill on Aug. 27 after spending all day in the swine barn on Aug. 24, and a woman in her late seventies who became ill on Aug. 26 after spending a prolonged period of time in the swine barn and at the swine show in the Exhibit Hall on Aug 24. Both the boy and the older woman had underlying health conditions, and were treated with antiviral drugs. The woman was hospitalized, but has now been released. All three patients have recovered or are recovering. The H1N2v strain is different from the H3N2v strain that has prompted stepped up surveillance and prevention efforts nationwide, after causing 289 reported cases of illness and one death since the beginning of the year. – For complete release see http://www.health.state.mn.us/news/pressrel/2012/h1n2083112.html

Global 09/01/12 nationalgeographic.com: by Steve Boyes – The University of Cape Town’s Science Department believes that it has found a single dose cure for Malaria. This was announced by researchers that have been working on this compound, from the aminopyridine class, for several years. Unlike conventional multidrug malaria treatments that the malaria parasite has become resistant to, Professor Kelly Chibale and his colleagues now believe that they have discovered a drug that over 18 months of trials ”killed these resistant parasites instantly”. Animal tests also showed that it was not only safe and effective, but there were no adverse reported side effects. Clinical tests are scheduled for the end of 2013.

Dr. Kelly Chibale

If this tablet is approved in coming years, this achievement will surely usher in a new age for science in Africa. It will save millions upon millions of lives on the continent, helping avoid at least 24 percent of child deaths in sub-Saharan Africa. Professor Chibale proudly explains: “This is the first ever clinical molecule that’s been discovered out of Africa, by Africans, from a modern pharmaceutical industry drug discovery programme. The potent drug has been tested on animals and has shown that a single oral dose has completely cured those infected with malaria parasites.” This “super pill” could potentially cure millions of people every year, and save the lives of over one million people from around the world each year. This “cure” will most likely save health care systems throughout the developing world billions of dollars and open new areas for development and settlement.

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Illinois 08/31/12 Cook County: New human cases of WNV have been reported including an adult in Evergreen Park and a child in Oak Lawn, health officials said. As of August 31st, there have been 37 human cases of WNV reported in the county. – See http://palos.patch.com/articles/new-west-nile-virus-cases-crop-up-in-evergreen-park-oak-lawn-313c37c4#c

Indiana 09/01/12 Delaware County: Health officials have announced that the county’s first human case of WNV has been diagnosed in a woman over 60-years-of-age who has been hospitalized with serious complications. As of last Friday, there had been 26 human cases of WNV in the state including two deaths. – See http://www.thestarpress.com/article/20120902/NEWS01/309020032/Delaware-County-West-Nile-Virus?nclick_check=1

Massachusetts 09/02/12 Halifax, Plymouth County: Health officials warn that the town’s risk rate for EEE has now been boosted to “critical” by the state due to the recent death of an alpaca from the disease. – See http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/articles/2012/09/02/residents_warned_of_critical_risk_for_eee/

Michigan 09/03/12 Birmingham, Oakland County: So far this year, there have been 12 confirmed human cases of WNV in Oakland County, according to the Oakland County Health Division. Statewide, there have been 104 human cases and five deaths. In addition, Michigan Department of Public Heath public information officer Angela Minicuci said the virus has been appearing in clusters throughout Metro Detroit, notably Birmingham’s neighbors of Royal Oak and Berkley. – See http://birmingham.patch.com/articles/birmingham-takes-extra-precautions-against-west-nile-virus

Tennessee 09/03/12 tennessean.com: by Nancy DeVille – The Tennessee Department of Health has reported 10 human cases of West Nile this summer, but none in or around Nashville. There have been no deaths related to the virus this year, but last year, two of 18 cases resulted in deaths. – See http://www.tennessean.com/article/20120903/NEWS07/309030018/Nashville-avoids-West-Nile-cases?nclick_check=1

Texas 09/02/12 Permian Basin: As of Friday there were seven human cases of WNV reported in Ector County, and three confirmed deaths within the Permian Basin. One of the fatalities was from Ector County. The other two were residents from Andrews and Midland counties. Christine Mann, assistant press officer for the Texas Department of State Health Services, said there were 933 reported cases of WNV in all of Texas with 37 reported deaths. Dallas County had the most reported cases with 268 human WNV cases and 12 deaths. – See http://www.oaoa.com/news/nile-92662-west-officials.html

Vermont 09/02/12 Addison and Rutland counties: State health officials said Saturday that two people have been hospitalized with EEE.  Both cases involve adults from western Vermont. – See http://www.burlingtonfreepress.com/viewart/20120902/NEWS07/120902001/First-2-human-EEE-cases-confirmed-Vermont-?odyssey=tab|topnews|text|FRONTPAGE

Rabies:

California 08/31/12 Altadena, Los Angeles County: An injured bat found in the 1000 block of Alpine Villa Drive on August 18th has tested positive for rabies. According to the county Public Health web site, 42 rabid bats have been found in the county so far this year. That’s the highest number found within a single year since testing of bats began in 1961. – See http://www.sgvtribune.com/news/ci_21448687/rabid-bat-discovered-altadena

OHIO reports first known H3N2v SWINE FLU related DEATH ~ CALIFORNIA reports MOUNTAIN LION sighting ~ WEST NILE VIRUS report from MASSACHUSETTS ~ RABIES reports from FL, GA, MA, NJ, RI, & WI ~ CDC REPORTS: ZOONOTIC DISEASE summary for week ending August 25, 2012.

Photo courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Ohio 09/01/12 newsnet5.com: by Cassandra Nist – The Ohio Department of Health (ODH) has reported Ohio’s first known H3N2v– associated death Friday. The individual had direct contact with swine at the Ross County Fair before coming ill. Click here for a complete list of Ohio’s county fairs. The 61-year-old female Madison County resident passed away earlier this week. Testing at the Ohio Department of Health Laboratory confirmed that the individual had been infected with the H3N2v influenza virus. The patient had multiple other underlying medical conditions, but the influenza virus may have contributed to the death. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the main risk factor for infection is direct exposure to swine. CDC points out that the virus does not spread easily from person-to-person, but limited human-to-human infection has occurred. “H3N2v, like many other viruses, has the greatest potential to impact those with weakened immune systems,” said Dr. Ted Wymyslo, Director of ODH. “We have been seeing a mild illness in most individuals infected with the H3N2v virus, so there’s no need for alarm. However, it is important for those at-risk individuals to take extra precautions like avoiding swine exhibits to protect themselves.” Ohio is currently reporting 102 cases of H3N2v statewide. Those with confirmed cases of H3N2v are between the ages of 6 months and 61 years old. Most ill individuals have recovered on their own or were treated and released after a short stay in the hospital. – For complete article see http://www.newsnet5.com/dpp/news/local_news/oh_cuyahoga/one-person-has-died-from-h3n2v-after-attending-ross-county-fair

Author’s Note: According to The New York Times, “Most cases have been in Ohio and Indiana,” but other cases have been confirmed as far away as Maine and Hawaii.  For a state-by-state breakdown of the 301 cases reported since August 2011 see http://www.cdc.gov/flu/swineflu/h3n2v-case-count.htm

Mountain Lion Sightings:

California 08/31/12 Sebastopol, Sonoma County: A mountain lion sighting south of town on Friday follows at least two possible sightings reported earlier in the spring near the downtown area. The most recent report involves a woman who said she saw what appeared to be a lion in an open field near Elphick and Bollinger avenues. – See http://www.pressdemocrat.com/article/20120831/ARTICLES/120839883

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Massachusetts 09/01/12 Middlesex and Hampden counties: Four more human cases of the WNV have been confirmed, bringing the total to eight in the state this season, health officials said Friday night. Three residents in Middlesex County and one in Hampden County, who were listed as probable cases earlier, were confirmed with the illness and all patients were recovering, officials said. – See http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/articles/2012/09/01/four_more_west_nile_virus_cases_confirmed_in_state/

Rabies:

Florida 08/31/12 Auburndale, Polk County: A bat found in Tenoroc High has tested positive for rabies, officials said. This is the seventh confirmed case of rabies this year in the county. See http://www.baynews9.com/content/news/baynews9/news/article.html/content/news/articles/bn9/2012/8/31/bat_found_in_tenoroc.html

Georgia 08/31/12 Madison County: Three rabies cases have been confirmed in the county within the past week, county leaders said Friday. Two of the cases involved skunks at locations on Applebaum Way and Charles Hart Road in the Colbert area. In both cases, the skunks had been killed by local residents and turned over to animal control. The third case involved a deceased horse in the area of Friendship Church Road and Chandler Road. – See http://www.madisonjournaltoday.com/archives/5464-Three-rabies-cases-confirmed-in-Madison-County.html

Massachusetts 08/31/12 Hingham, Plymouth County: An 11-year-old Hingham boy, who lives on the 100 block of lower Main Street, was bitten in his yard late afternoon on Monday, Aug. 27, by a cat.  The cat’s teeth punctured his skin, which requires determining the cat’s rabies vaccination status. No one is looking to punish the cat or its owners, but rather to find out its rabies status to determine whether they boy will need a series of rabies treatments.  The cat is not a complete stranger as he visits the boy’s yard from time to time, but not frequently. The cat appears to be well fed and cared for, but does not wear a collar.  He is mostly orange with some white stripes on his body, on his tail, and white on his paws.  The cat does not belong to any of the boy’s immediate neighbors. It is imperative to find out who owns the cat and its vaccination status.  Per the State Board of Health, there is a 10-day window of opportunity from this past Monday to find the cat before the boy must begin the rabies series. Anyone who owns this cat or knows of someone that owns this cat can contact Leslie Badger, Hingham Animal Control Officer, at 781-741-1490, or Marisa Ronan at 781-749-1862.

New Jersey 08/31/12 Hillsborough, Somerset County:  Health officials say there have been an unusual number of animals that have tested positive for rabies between Aug. 15 and 20.  A rabid skunk was found on Brook Drive on Aug. 15. Another rabid skunk was found at the Royce Brook Golf Course on Aug. 20. There was also a rabid cat behind the Goodyear on Route 206 on Aug. 20 (this was a young cat which was white with patches of tiger markings, with short hair.) – See http://www.centraljersey.com/articles/2012/08/31/hillsborough_beacon/news/doc50411ffa53a6a408491769.txt

Rhode Island 08/31/12 Barrington, Bristol County: A raccoon that bit the finger of a 4-year-old girl in her family’s garage has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.eastbayri.com/news/2012/aug/31/rabid-raccoon-bites-young-barrington-girl/

Wisconsin 08/31/12: The Eau Claire City-County Health Department is looking for two dogs involved with different biting events. The department is looking for a dog that bit a woman at the corner of Washington Street and State Street Thursday at about 5 p.m. The dog is described as a large sized Husky type dog, black and white in color. The woman walking with the dog was dressed in green shorts and a purple tee-shirt. The Health Department is urgently requesting health and rabies status of this dog.

The department is also looking for a dog that bit a child near the beach access to Elk Creek on Friday, Aug. 24. The dog is described as a large bulldog-type snub-nosed breed dog. The dog was with a younger couple with three other dogs. All had collars and tags. The dogs were called Jasper, Jackie, Melon and Sophie. The health and rabies status of the dog needs to be determined. If anyone has information about these two dogs, they should contact the Eau Claire Communications Center at 715-839-4972.

CDC Reports:

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending August 25, 2012:

Published August 31, 2012/ 61(34); ND-466-ND-479

Anaplasmosis . . . 23 . . . Arkansas, New Hampshire, New York (13), North Carolina, Rhode Island (6), Virginia,

Babesiosis . . . 3 . . . New York (3),

Brucellosis . . . 1 . . . Maryland,     

Ehrlichiosis . . . 13 . . . Arkansas, Delaware, North Carolina (8), Tennessee (2), Virginia,

Giardiasis . . . 183 . . . Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas (6), California (22), Florida (26), Hawaii, Idaho (3), Iowa (6), Maine, Maryland (2), Massachusetts (9), Michigan (7), Missouri (5), Montana, Nebraska (9), Nevada (2), New York (31), Ohio (19), Oregon (4), Pennsylvania (9), South Carolina (3), Vermont (3), Virginia (4), Washington (7), Wisconsin,

HME/HGE Undetermined . . . 1 . . . Indiana,

Lyme Disease . . .  163. . .  California, Connecticut, Delaware (5), Florida, Idaho, Maryland (9), Michigan (2), New York (74), North Carolina (9), Ohio, Pennsylvania (44), Vermont (2), Virginia (13),

Q Fever (Chronic) . . . 1 . . . Maryland, 

Rabies (Animal) . . . 47. . . Illinois (4), Kansas (2), Kentucky, Maine (3), Nevada, New Hampshire, New York (10), Ohio (2), Texas (3), Vermont (3), Virginia (17),

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 34 . . . Arkansas (14), Florida (2), Maryland, Nebraska, South Carolina (2), Tennessee (11), Virginia (3),

Tularemia . . . 1 . . . Washington.

HANTAVIRUS cases linked to YOSEMITE now total six including two fatalities ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALTIS & WEST NILE VIRUS reports from FL, IL, ME, MD, & WI ~ RABIES reports from DE, OH, & CANADA: ONTARIO ~ CDC REPORTS: ZOONOTIC DISEASE summary for week ending August 18, 2012.

Yosemite National Park. Courtesy National Park Service.

Yosemite National Park 08/31/12 latimes.com: The number of hantavirus cases linked to Yosemite National Park rose Thursday as authorities said three more cases of the rare, rodent-borne disease have been confirmed. The California Department of Public Health announced two new cases and confirmed reports of the death of a Pennsylvania man and a non-fatal case involving a Californian, bringing the total number of cases linked to the park to six. Two people — the Pennsylvania man and a California man — have died. The remaining cases all involve California residents who are recovering, said Yosemite spokeswoman Kari Cobb.

Deer mouse. Photo courtesy of National Park Service.

Officials have shut down the 91 “signature tent cabins” in Curry Village, where they traced some cases to deer mouse droppings found in the area. The first three victims all stayed in cabins within 100 feet of one another in mid-June. Cobb said officials are still trying to determine where the other victims stayed. – For complete article see http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2012/08/more-cases-of-hantavirus-at-yosemite-some-camp-cabins-closed.html

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Florida 08/31/12 Gulf County: Health officials have confirmed that a horse has tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.wmbb.com/story/19428303/confirmed-case-of-eee-in-gulf-county

Illinois 08/31/12 Romeoville, Will County: A woman in her early 40s is the first confirmed human case of WNV in the county this year. She was hospitalized, but has since recovered. Health officials have reported 59 human cases of WNV, including two fatalities, in the state this year. – See http://bolingbrook.patch.com/articles/will-countys-first-human-case-of-west-nile-reported-in-romeoville

Maine 08/31/12 Standish, Cumberland County: Health officials have confirmed that a mosquito sample collected in Standish has tested positive for WNV. The virus has also been found in Gorham, and Lebanon. – See http://www.boston.com/news/local/maine/2012/08/31/west-nile-virus-confirmed-standish-mosquitoes/F2PVMHsszW7ffAvh7tZwrO/story.html

Maryland 08/30/12 washingtonpost.com: One person, an adult, has died of WNV, health officials confirmed Thursday, but they declined to divulge the victim’s age, sex or place of residence. There have been 13 human cases of WNV in the state since July 1. – See http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/maryland-sees-first-west-nile-virus-death/2012/08/30/e0ecfcc0-f2da-11e1-a612-3cfc842a6d89_story.html

Wisconsin 08/31/12 Polk County: A health advisory has been issued by the Wisconsin Department of Health Services after blood samples from a quarter horse tested positive for EEE. This is the third horse to be diagnosed with the disease in the past ten days. – See http://www.wqow.com/story/19430990/equine-encephalitis-found-in-polk-county-horse

Rabies:

Delaware 08/30/12 RehobothBeach, Sussex County: A fox that bit two people on Pennsylvania and Oak avenues has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wgmd.com/?p=68029

Ohio 08/30/12 Boardman, Mahoning County: Potential exposure to rabies may lead to a family receiving treatment after a bat found in their home on Sunday tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.vindy.com/news/2012/aug/30/rabid-bat-found-boardman-home/?nw

Canada:

Ontario 08/30/12 Chatham-Kent: A bat that bit the foot of a 46-year-old Wallaceburg woman has tested positive for rabies. The attack occurred when she stepped out onto the balcony of her condo in the early evening. – See http://www.chathamdailynews.ca/2012/08/30/rabid-bat-bites-burg-woman

CDC Reports:

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending August 18, 2012:

Published August 24, 2012/ 61(33); ND-452-ND-465

Anaplasmosis . . . 15 . . . Maine (2), Maryland, New York (12),

Babesiosis . . . 7 . . . New York (7),

Brucellosis . . . 4 . . . Arizona, California, North Carolina (2),    

Ehrlichiosis . . . 3 . . . Missouri, New York, Tennessee,

Giardiasis . . . 145 . . . Alabama, Alaska (2), California (15), Florida (28), Idaho (2), Iowa (4), Maine (4), Maryland (5), Michigan (3), Missouri (3), Montana (3), Nebraska (2), Nevada (5), New York (24), Ohio (25), Oregon (4), Pennsylvania (8), Vermont (2), Washington (4), Wisconsin,

Lyme Disease . . .  236. . .  Delaware, Florida (5), Maryland (7), Massachusetts (2), New York (156), Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania (60), Tennessee, Vermont (2),

Q Fever (Acute) . . . 1 . . . Florida, 

Rabies (Animal) . . . 70. . . Connecticut (6), Illinois (5), Maine, New Hampshire (2), New York (20), Ohio (7), Texas (12), Vermont, Virginia (15), West Virginia,

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 17 . . . Michigan, Missouri (4), Nebraska, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee (9).

Two MISSOURI farmers lead scientists to new, possibly TICK-borne, disease called HEARTLAND VIRUS ~ WEST NILE VIRUS deaths in U.S. now at 66 ~ COLORADO MAN likely contracted BUBONIC PLAGUE at San Juan National Forest campground ~ DOG euthanized in MICHIGAN after contracting EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS ~ MOUNTAIN LION reports from CO, NE, & WY ~ COYOTE report from MASSACHUSETTS ~ LA CROSSE ENCEPHALITIS report from NORTH CAROLINA ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS & WEST NILE VIRUS reports from IN, MAx2, NH, NM, SD, & WA ~ RABIES reports from GA, IA, LA, NY, NC, & VAx2.

This photograph depicts a dorsal view of a female “lone star tick”, Amblyomma americanum. Note the characteristic “lone star” marking located centrally on its dorsal surface, at the distal tip of its scutum. Courtesy CDC.

National 08/30/12 discovery.com: Two men in Missouri who became severely ill after sustaining tick bites were found to be infected with a new type of virus, according to a study from the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Both men were admitted to hospitals after experiencing high fevers, fatigue, diarrhea and loss of appetite. They were originally thought to be suffering from a bacterial infection, but doubts arose when they didn’t improve after being treated with antibiotics. Further tests revealed their blood contained a new virus, which the researchers dubbed the Heartland virus. It belongs to a group called phleboviruses, which are carried by flies, mosquitoes or ticks, and can cause disease in humans. While the genetic material of Heartland virus appears similar to that of other phleboviruses, the particular proteins it produces are different enough to call it a new species, said study researcher Laura McMullan, a senior scientist at the CDC. Because the Heartland virus causes such general symptoms, it could be “a more common cause of human illness than is currently recognized,” the researchers wrote in the Aug. 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. More studies are needed to identify the natural hosts of the virus, learn how many people are infected with it and find risk factors for infection, McMullan said. Because both men experienced tick bites shortly before they became ill — one man, a farmer, reported receiving an average of 20 tick bites a day — the researchers said it’s likely that the Heartland virus is spread by ticks, although more research is needed to confirm this. The new virus’s closest relative is another tick-borne phlebovirus, called SFTS virus, which was identified last year in China, and causes death in 12 percent of cases.

The Missouri men, who were both infected in 2009, recovered after 10 to 12 days in the hospital, although one of the men has reported recurrent headaches and fatigue in the two years since his hospitalization. The researchers suspect a species of tick commonly found in Missouri, called Amblyomma americanum, is one of the hosts of the Heartland virus. For now, taking precautions to prevent tick bites is the best way to avoid the virus, McMullan said. To prevent tick bites, the CDC recommends using repellents that contain 20 percent or more DEET, as well as avoiding wooded areas or areas with high grass.

Culex sp. mosquito. Known carrier of West Nile Virus.

National 08/29/12 reuters.com: by Sharon Begley – A total of 1,590 (human) cases of West Nile Virus, including 66 deaths, were reported through late August this year in the United States, the highest human toll by that point in the calendar since the mosquito-borne disease was first detected in the country in 1999, health officials said on Wednesday. The toll is increasing quickly. “We think the numbers will continue to rise,” said Dr. Lyle Petersen, director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases. Through last week, 1,118 cases and 41 deaths had been reported. The updated figures represent a 40 percent increase in the number of cases and a 61 percent spike in the number of deaths, but are short of the all-time record for a full year: 9,862 cases and 264 deaths in 2003. – See http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/08/29/us-usa-health-westnile-idUSBRE87S0WC20120829

Colorado 08/29/12 durangoherald.com: by Dale Rodebaugh – In the first confirmed (human) case of bubonic plague in the state since 2006, an Archuleta County resident has tested positive for the disease. The last human case in Archuleta County was in 1998. Although the investigation is ongoing, it is believed that the person contracted the plague during a family outing in the Cimarrona Campground northwest of Pagosa Springs, a news release from the San Juan Basin Health Department said. The department declined to give the gender or age of the victim.

Warning signs are being posted in the campground and environs in cooperation with the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment and the U.S. Forest Service. The plague often spreads through rodent populations. – For complete article see http://www.durangoherald.com/article/20120829/NEWS01/708299897/Plague-case-reported-in-Archuleta-County

Michigan 08/29/12 Paw Paw, Van Buren County: Health officials confirmed on Wednesday that an 8-week-old puppy has contracted Eastern Equine Encephalitis. It may be the first known incident of a dog contracting the mosquito-borne virus in the state. The puppy was euthanized. – See http://www.freep.com/article/20120829/NEWS06/120829065/Authorities-Paw-Paw-puppy-gets-equine-encephalitis

Mountain Lion Sightings:

Colorado 08/29/12 Boulder, Boulder County: Two mountain lions were spotted in city neighborhoods Monday night. The first, seen in a backyard near Folsom and Walnut streets, responded to hazing and ran away. The second, seen near Maapleton Avenue and 26th Street, killed a house cat and allowed rangers to get within a distance of 10 feet. It’s lack of fear of humans prompted the rangers to shoot it. The two lions are thought to be siblings about 2-years-old. – See http://www.thedenverchannel.com/news/31393945/detail.html

Nebraska 08/29/12 Scotts Bluff County: A 110 pound mountain lion found dead in the Wildcat Hills is believed to have been struck by a truck or other large vehicle on State Highway 71. This is the second lion reported in the area recently. – See http://www.omaha.com/article/20120829/NEWS/120829671/1707

Wyoming 08/30/12 Pavillion, Fremont County: Wildlife officials have confirmed that a mountain lion jumped from a homeowners pine tree and fled when the man came from the house to turn off a lawn sprinkler. Because the lion fled, officials don’t believe there is any reason for concern. – See http://county10.com/2012/08/30/mountain-lion-reappears-in-pavillion-wednesday-night-g-bears-now-active-in-lower-elevations/

Coyote Attacks:

Massachusetts 08/28/12 Newton, Middlesex County: A small, off-leash dog was attacked and carried off by a coyote on August 10th in the vicinity of William Street in West Newton. Neighbors reported that at least two area cats were also attacked by coyotes recently. A coyote sighting was more recently reported on Vista Avenue. – See http://www.wickedlocal.com/newton/news/x821894346/Coyote-attacks-reoccur-in-West-Newton#axzz24yRn4tKI

La Crosse Encephalitis (LAC):

North Carolina 08/30/12 Macon County: Health officials have confirmed that two children have been diagnosed with LAC. One child is from the Highlands and the other is from Franklin. Both children were hospitalized but have been released and are recovering. – See http://www.maconnews.com/features/health-a-wellness/3510-la-crosse-encephalitis-in-macon-county

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Indiana 08/29/12 Jeffersonville, Clark County: Health officials confirmed that mosquitoes found in a routine sampling tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.wdrb.com/story/19409290/west-nile-virus-discovered-in-mosquitoes-in-southern-indiana

Massachusetts 08/28/12 Fall River, Bristol County: Health officials confirm that mosquitoes collected from the Oak Grove Cemetery have tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.wpri.com/dpp/news/local_news/se_mass/eee-found-in-mosquitoes-in-fall-river

Massachusetts 08/30/12 Newton, Middlesex County: Health officials confirm that a woman in her 50s is the first reported human case of WNV in the city so far this year. – See http://www.boston.com/yourtown/news/newton/2012/08/newton_has_its_first_human_cas.html

New Hampshire 08/3012 Sandown, Rockingham County: State health officials have announced that a batch of mosquitoes trapped in Sandown has tested positive for EEE.  – See https://mail.google.com/mail/?hl=en&shva=1#inbox/139780871d4dc70b

New Mexico 08/29/12 Doña Ana County: A second county resident has been diagnosed with WNV, bringing the total in the state to eight human cases this year. – See http://www.lcsun-news.com/las_cruces-news/ci_21429006/west-nile-strikes-2nd-do-241-ana-county

South Dakota 08/28/12 doh.sd.gov: Update – Health officials confirm 98 human cases of WNV, and one related death, have been reported in the state so far this year. In addition, 8 horses, 1 bird, and 62 positive mosquito pools have been identified. – See https://mail.google.com/mail/?hl=en&shva=1#inbox/139735a4e93e7650

Washington 08/30/12 Grandview, Yakima County: The state Agriculture Department has confirmed that a horse with WNV has been euthanized. – See http://www.sacbee.com/2012/08/30/4771496/grandview-horse-with-west-nile.html

Rabies:

Georgia 08/29/12 Murrayville, Hall County: A rabies alert has been issued after a skunk that came in contact with two dogs in the Tony Peck Road area tested positive for rabies. This is the 17th confirmed rabies case in the county this year. – See http://www.cbsatlanta.com/story/19406657/rabies-alerts-in-hall-dekalb-counties

Iowa 08/29/12 Keokuk, Lee County: A case of rabies in a pet cat has prompted area veterinary clinics to host vaccination clinics. – See http://www.wgem.com/story/19407070/hancock-county

Louisiana 08/28/12 South Mansfield, DeSoto Parish: A skunk picked up in the vicinity of Saunders Street has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.ksla.com/story/19399038/skunk-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-desoto-parish

New York 08/29/12 St. Lawrence County: Two raccoons, one found in Potsdam and the other in Gouverneur, have tested positive for rabies. – See http://northcountrynow.com/news/raccoons-potsdam-and-gouverneur-test-positive-rabies-health-officials-warn-public-again-065156

North Carolina 08/29/12 Guilford and Davidson counties: A raccoon found on Church Street in Greensboro, and a fox found in Reeds, have both tested positive for rabies. Three dogs, a cat, and a person were all potentially exposed to the virus. – See http://www.digtriad.com/news/local/article/242881/57/Triad-Counties-Report-More-Rabies-Cases

Virginia 08/28/12 Ware Neck, Gloucester County: A skunk killed by two dogs last week has tested positive for rabies. This is the fourth confirmed case of the virus in the county this year. – See http://www.dailypress.com/news/gloucester-county/dp-nws-gloucester-rabid-skunk-0829-20120828,0,950529.story

Virginia 08/29/12 Virginia Beach: A fox that bit a man several times while he was working in his yard Tuesday, and two hours later attacked another man working in his yard, has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.sfgate.com/news/article/Fox-tested-for-rabies-after-attacking-2-men-in-Va-3824547.php

CANADA: MOUNTAIN LION attacks BC WOMAN inside her home ~ Geology student survives GRIZZLY attack in ALASKA ~ CALIFORNIA’s Yosemite Park officials confirm second HANTAVIRUS death ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS & WEST NILE VIRUS reports from IN, MA, MS, MO, & PA ~ RABIES reports from IA, MD, VT, & VA.

Mountain lion. Courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Canada:

British Columbia 08/28/12 globalpost.com: by David Trifunov – A Canadian woman’s dog helped her fend off a cougar attack after the starving cat wandered into the family home through an open door on the weekend. The incident happened in Trail, British Columbia on Saturday night, The Province newspaper reported. Angie Prime, 35, suffered only minor injuries to her leg. She said the cat looked old and emaciated, but that it was still dangerous. “My neighbors beside me heard me screaming, and my neighbor across the street heard me and they came running out,” she said today, according to CBC News. “So scary and so surreal,” said Prime, who told CBC she is 4-foot-2 and 78 pounds. “I can just be happy that I was barely even injured. That is just absolutely amazing.” Prime was on the couch talking to her husband on the phone when the animal appeared. One of Prime’s three dogs – a border collie – jumped off the living room sofa and tried to attack the big cat. The dog eventually chased the cougar back outside through the door it came into the home from. Police and conservation officers found the cougar a day later and destroyed it. “It was near death’s door, which makes them bold,” RCMP Sgt. Rob Hawton told the Castlegar Source. “This is an extremely rare occurrence.”

Alaska 08/28/12 nwsource.com: by Tim Mowry – A Seattle woman working for a Canadian mining company was attacked and bitten on the hand by a grizzly bear about 20 miles north of the Denali Highway near Tangle Lakes. Julia Stafford, 20, and a male co-worker she knows only as Kerry, were collecting rock samples in the rain when they encountered the bear in a foggy ravine about 1:30 p.m. Sunday. “The bear sort of walked out of the fog and it had two cubs with it,” Stafford told the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner (http://is.gd/o4gWol) when contacted by phone Monday from her bed at Fairbanks Memorial Hospital, where she was being treated for bites to her hand and scratches to her back. “We started walking uphill to get away from it and it started walking toward us,” she said. “We stopped once we saw it was following us and tried to get the bear spray out but by then it was already running toward us.” Stafford had the can of bear spray on her pack, which she was holding in her hands, when the bear charged. She didn’t have time to get it out before the bear crashed into them, she said. “I was wearing gloves and they were wet and it was confusing,” Stafford said. “There was just not enough time to get the bear spray out.”

Stafford is a geological engineering student at the University of British Columbia. She was working as a soil sampler for Pure Nickel Inc., a North American mineral exploration and development company based in Ontario. Stafford’s memory of the attack was like the weather foggy. It all happened in seconds, she said. The bear knocked both her and her co-worker down, and they both played dead. Once they were on the ground, the bear focused its attention on Stafford. “It bit my hand and kind of dragged me 20 feet over the rocks and just left me,” she said. “I was worried I was going to die briefly, but it was fine once she let me go and ran away.” – For complete article see http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2019008621_apaktanglelakesbearattack1stldwritethru.html

Deer mouse.

California 08/28/12 msn.com: A second person has died of a rare, rodent-borne disease after visiting one of the most popular parts of Yosemite National Park earlier this summer, and park officials were warning past visitors to be aware of some flu-like aches and symptoms and seek medical help immediately if they appear. Health officials learned this weekend of the second hantavirus death, which killed a person who visited the park in June, spokesman Scott Gediman said in a statement. There was one other confirmed case of the illness, and another is being investigated. Yosemite officials are telling 1,700 past visitors they may have been exposed to rodent-borne disease, which can be carried in the urine, saliva and feces of infected deer mice. All of the at-risk visitors had stayed in the “Signature Tent Cabins” in Yosemite National Park’s Curry Village. Yosemite officials are sending email warnings to those who stayed there from mid-June through the end of August to beware of any symptoms of hantavirus, which can include fever, aches, dizziness and chills. Federal health officials say symptoms may develop up to 5 weeks after exposure to urine, droppings, or saliva of infected rodents, and Yosemite advised visitors to watch for symptoms for up to six weeks. – For complete article see http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/48811189/ns/health-infectious_diseases/#.UD0o46Mt7WB

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Indiana 08/28/12 Marion County: A second person in the state has died from WNV, local health officials said Monday. Earlier this month, an Evansville-area person died from the mosquito-borne illness. Last week, the state confirmed WNV in 10 people, including in Hamilton and Hancock counties. – See http://www.indystar.com/article/20120827/LIFE02/208270317/West-Nile-claims-life-of-Marion-County-resident-2nd-Hoosier-to-die-from-virus?odyssey=tab|mostpopular|text|FRONTPAGE

Massachusetts 08/28/12 Pittsfield, Berkshire County: Health officials confirm a third human case of WNV has pushed the area alert to “high” level risk for the virus. Over the weekend an unnamed woman in her 70s was confirmed to have the virus. – See http://www.berkshireeagle.com/ci_21414207/third-west-nile-virus-case-pittsfield-ups-risk

Mississippi 08/27/12 sacbee.com: The Mississippi State Department of Health is reporting 10 new (human) cases of the WNV. The reported new cases are in Forrest (1), Lamar (1), Lawrence (1), Lincoln (2), Madison (1), Marion (1), Rankin (2), and Warren (1) counties, bringing the state total for 2012 to 95 cases and two deaths. The deaths occurred in Lincoln and Smith counties. – See http://www.sacbee.com/2012/08/27/4760932/miss-reports-10-new-west-nile.html

Missouri 08/27/12 Lebanon, Laclede County: State health officials have confirmed the state’s first fatal human case of WNV. The Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services said a 78-year-old victim contracted the illness in late July. A spokeswoman for the state health department declined to be more specific about where the man lived, but the Lebanon Daily Record reported he was a Lebanon resident. – See http://www.kait8.com/story/19386333/laclede-co-man-1st-missouri-death-from-west-nile-virus

Pennsylvania 08/28/12 Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County: Health officials confirmed a human fatality Sunday from complications caused by WNV. This is the first person in the state to succumb to the disease since 2008. It was actually encephalitis, a swelling of the brain sometimes caused by West Nile that killed the 82-year-old Joseph Krawetz, according to his daughter. – See http://citizensvoice.com/news/west-nile-virus-claims-wilkes-barre-victim-1.1364554

Rabies:

Iowa 08/27/12 state.ia.us: Public Health Alert – State health officials say they are receiving an increasing number of bat-related rabies calls. These calls usually peak in August and September. According to the Department of Natural Resources, these are the months when interactions between humans and bats typically increase because of bat migration and increased mobility and traveling of young bat pups. So far in 2012, 11 rabid bats have been reported to IDPH. – See http://www.idph.state.ia.us/IdphNews/Reader.aspx?id=56C88E2C-CF0A-4FBE-B619-78F776762933

Maryland 08/27/12 Garrett County: Health officials have confirmed a skunk that chased two dogs tested positive for rabies. This is the fourth case of laboratory-confirmed rabies in the county this year. The dogs had no contact with the skunk in the Aug. 16 incident but their rabies vaccination had lapsed. They were re-vaccinated and will be monitored closely for 45 days, the health department said. – See http://times-news.com/local/x1971510717/Garrett-County-reports-fourth-case-of-rabies

Vermont 08/27/12 St. Albans, Franklin County: A raccoon found on August 22 in the cellar of a home on South Main Street has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.sfgate.com/news/article/Tests-show-raccoon-found-in-Vt-cellar-was-rabid-3817759.php

Virginia 08/27/12 Clifton, Fairfax County: A skunk that fought with a vaccinated dog in the 5500 block of Willow Valley Road has tested positive for rabies. – http://centreville.patch.com/articles/skunk-tested-for-rabies-after-fight-with-dog

ALASKA GRIZZLY kills HIKER in DENALI ~ COLORADO CAMPER survives BLACK BEAR attack ~ TEXAS officials concerned about DENGUE FEVER near border ~ MOUNTAIN LION report from NV ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS & WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CO, GA, IA, LA, MAx2, NJ, NY, OH, SC, TX, & VT ~ RABIES repots from CA, NC, & VA ~ CDC REPORTS: ZOONOTIC DISEASE summary for week ending August 11, 2012.

Grizzly. Courtesy National Park Service.

Alaska 08/26/12 latimes.com: A San Diego man killed Friday by a grizzly bear in Alaska’s Denali National Park had been taking pictures of the animal for at least seven to eight minutes before the attack, park officials said Sunday. Richard White, 49, was between 50 and 100 yards away from the bear that ultimately mauled him to death, according to images found on his camera, park spokeswoman Maureen McLaughlin said. He is the first person to die in a bear attack in the history of the park, which covers 4.7 million acres. Hikers are typically advised to stay at least 300 yards away from a bear, McLaughlin said. The bear, which weighed approximately 600 pounds, was shot and killed by a state trooper as he was defending the spot where White’s remains were found.

The incident began Friday afternoon when three day hikers found a camera, a backpack and evidence of a violent struggle along the Toklat River, including torn clothing and blood. They reported what they found to park rangers, who sent a helicopter and a fixed wing aircraft to search for White, officials said. Rangers in the helicopter determined that the bear had dragged White’s remains from a flat expanse along the river to a more secluded brushy area 150 yards away, where it stored its food. Investigators determined the bear had killed White after reviewing the bear’s stomach contents, the images on the camera and other evidence, officials said. The pictures showed the bear foraging in the brush along the Toklat River, McLaughlin said. “For a good chunk of that time, the bear was unaware that anyone was there,” McLaughlin said. “There were no dramatic signs of aggression.”

Bear attacks have resulted in minor injuries in recent years, McLaughlin said. But several decades have passed since someone in the park was the victim of a severe mauling, she said. White had been backpacking in a trailless backcountry section of the park for three nights when he was killed. Park officials imposed an emergency closure prohibiting all hiking and camping in that portion of the park and others nearby until further notice. Although no other park visitors were seen near the site of the bear attack, park employees contacted three backpackers in adjacent areas Saturday and flew them via helicopter to the Toklat River Rest Area.

Colorado 08/25/12 foxnews.com: Wildlife officials say a 50-year-old Colorado Springs man is recovering from non-life-threatening injuries after he was attacked by a black bear while camping near Lake San Cristobal in southwestern Colorado. Colorado Parks and Wildlife spokesman Mike Porras tells the Grand Junction Daily Sentinel the man was camping in a legal but undesignated area when he was awakened by something pushing on his tent at about 4 a.m. Wednesday. The man pushed back, and the bear reacted. Porras says the bear probably had begun to associate tents and camping with food. A bear thought to have been involved in the attack was euthanized Thursday.

Texas 08/24/12 kvue.com: by Angela Kocherga – Preliminary testing in the border city Juarez indicates the presence of mosquitoes carrying Dengue Fever. It’s prevalent in parts of Mexico with a tropical climate but until now had not been seen this far north along the border. The mosquitoes, caught in traps set out weekly in both El Paso and Juarez, identify which breeds of mosquitoes are in the area and if they’re carrying any diseases. “Remember some mosquitoes can travel up to a mile and some mosquitoes can travel up to five miles so they’ll be able to cross that border pretty quick,” said Danny Soto, Code Enforcement Supervisor with the city of El Paso Environmental Services Department. Soto’s officers fan out to check for standing water, a breeding ground for mosquitoes. “If the water stays stagnant for more than 3 days it will start getting breeding,” said Soto. Along this stretch of border El Paso and Juarez coordinate to stop mosquitoes and the diseases they spread.  They schedule spraying together and share information about the breeds they’re trapping, and any cases of mosquito-borne illnesses reported.

The first case of Dengue Fever was reported in Ciudad Juarez a couple of weeks ago. Health authorities in Juarez told El Paso officials the person became ill with Dengue Fever after a trip to Veracruz. “Official channels going between nations are slower so it works much better for us to have these relatively quick informal relationships so we can find out right now what’s going on so we can act,” said Michael Hill, El Paso Public Health Director. Live mosquitoes trapped on both sides of the border are sent to Austin for testing. The information is reported to the Centers for Disease Control which tracks the spread of Dengue Fever and other mosquito-borne illnesses. Several Mexican states bordering Texas are coping with an outbreak of Dengue Fever. According to health officials, Tamaulipas has 235 reported cases. Many are on the coast but about half are in the border cities of Reynosa and Matamoros across from the Rio Grande Valley. According to the CDC, there have been 103 cases in the United State this year including three in Texas. One is in Travis County. Most are travelers who picked up the disease in other countries –including tropical areas of Mexico. But a mild winter, early spring and warmer climate are adding to concerns the mosquito that carries Dengue Fever is traveling further north along the border.

Mountain Lion Sightings:

Nevada 08/24/12 mercurynews.com: by Martin Griffith – A mountain lion that was caught after trying to enter a Reno casino is back in the wild. The 2-year-old male cougar was released into the Carson Range above Lake Tahoe’s east shore on Saturday morning, said Chris Healy, spokesman for the Nevada Department of Wildlife. “He was fully ready to go,” Healy said. “He was feisty in the trap and snarled if you got too close. Once he decided to go, he quickly ran off into the underbrush and was gone.” Guests at Harrah’s reported seeing the 100-pound cat trying to walk into the casino around dawn Friday morning. When the animal couldn’t negotiate the revolving door, it hid under an outdoor stage where it was tranquilized and captured. Wildlife officials speculate the cougar was chased out of the nearby Sierra Nevada foothills by the drought or by an adult cat that didn’t want competition for a mate. They believe the cat followed the Truckee River into Reno. Mountain lion sightings have been reported around Reno in the past, Healy said, but not in the downtown casino area. – See http://www.mercurynews.com/breaking-news/ci_21400902/cougar-that-tries-enter-nv-casino-released

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Colorado 08/24/12 denverpost.com: State health officials are reporting 12 people hospitalized for WNV, including four more in the Denver metro area. According to KMGH-TV ( http://tinyurl.com/8qkogfs), the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment says human cases of WNV have been reported in Adams, Arapahoe, Delta, Douglas, Fremont, Mesa, Montrose, Morgan and Weld counties. – See http://www.denverpost.com/news/ci_21392699/west-nile-virus-strikes-4-coloradans

Georgia 08/25/12 DPH: Alert – The Georgia Department of Public Health is calling on all Georgians to guard against exposure to mosquitoes. DPH has identified 21 confirmed human cases of the WNV in the state. Three cases have been fatal. Confirmed cases are in the following counties: 1 – Bartow, 3 – Cobb, 1 – Columbia, 7 – Dougherty (including 2 deaths), 1 – Fulton, 1 – Forsyth, 1 – Early (including 1 death), 1 – Lee, 1 – Mitchell, 2 – Muscogee, 1 – Richmond, and 1 – Worth. Mosquitoes from 54 WNV monitoring sites in metro Atlanta and another 20 in coastal and south Georgia have tested positive for the virus that can lead to brain or spinal cord swelling, or even death. DPH has deemed these areas at high risk for WNV transmission.

Iowa 08/24/12 thegazette.com: Linn County is one of five counties to report this season’s first five cases of the mosquito-borne WNV. Patients in Linn, Grundy, Lyon, Page and Plymouth counties have recovered, according to state officials. – See http://thegazette.com/2012/08/24/linn-countys-first-west-nile-virus-case-reported/

Louisiana 08/24/12 dhh.gov: Health Alert – The Department of Health and Hospitals today confirms 53 new human cases of WNV. These new cases mark 145 reported infections of WNV in Louisiana so far in 2012, the highest number of cases the state has seen in the past several years. The state also confirmed three deaths from WNV this week. So far in 2012, nine people have died from this disease. – See http://www.dhh.louisiana.gov/index.cfm/newsroom/detail/2581

Massachusetts 08/24/12 Halifax, Plymouth County: The EEE risk level has been raised to “critical” in Halifax after an alpaca died Thursday from complications of the mosquito-borne illness. The animal, which resembles a small llama, was being housed on the Halifax-Plympton line. – See http://www.tauntongazette.com/news/x1333906557/Alpaca-dies-of-EEE-complications-in-Halifax

Massachusetts 08/24/12 metrowestdailynews.com: by Alison McCall – Mosquitoes infected with WNV and EEE have been found in five MetroWest towns and at least one Milford area town, according to results released Thursday by the Central Massachusetts Mosquito Control Project. Traps in Ashland, Hopkinton, Hudson, Marlborough, and Westborough all came back with WNV-infected mosquitoes. In Hopkinton, a mammal-biting breed of mosquito was positive for EEE, as well. Blackstone falls under the purview of the Central Massachusetts Mosquito Control Project, and mosquitoes trapped there also came back positive for WNV. – See http://www.metrowestdailynews.com/news/x2118934744/New-cases-of-WNV-and-EEE-found-in-MetroWest-and-Milford-area

New Jersey 08/24/12 examiner.com: by Marcya Roberts – The New Jersey Department of Agriculture reported today that within the past two weeks three New Jersey horses have been found infected with either EEE or WNV. A 25-year-old gelding from Monmouth County tested positive for WNV by serum neutralization and is recovering. In addition, a three-year-old mare in Atlantic County succumbed to EEE on August 10 and a four-year-old mare from Camden County, who was euthanized on August 18, also was infected with this disease. – For complete article see http://www.examiner.com/article/three-n-j-horses-infected-with-mosquito-borne-diseases

New York 08/25/12 wsj.com: Health officials say there have been 13 human cases of WNV infection in the state so far this year, including the deaths of two older people . . . the deaths were in Onondaga and Nassau counties. – See http://online.wsj.com/article/AP2441823eddbb4cae921b63599a25b198.html

Ohio 08/26/12 Stow, Summit County: Mosquitoes in five of seven traps have tested positive for WNV. Public health officials plan to spray every residential street in the city on Monday. – See http://stow.patch.com/articles/west-nile-virus-found-in-stow-s-mosquitos-county-spraying-monday

South Carolina 08/24/12 sacbee.com: According to the Department of Health and Environmental Control, there had been 28 human cases of the mosquito-borne WNV illness reported in the state as of last week. Most cases have been reported in coastal communities. – http://www.sacbee.com/2012/08/24/4753892/cases-of-west-nile-virus-up-in.html

Texas 08/25/12 woai.com: by Laurie Salazar – WNV has been confirmed at all Joint Base San Antonio locations. The military started testing all three of its San Antonio bases and Camp Bullis for the virus back in mid July. The results, which came back days ago, revealed Joint Base Lackland, Randolph, Fort Sam Houston, and Camp Bullis all tested positive for West Nile. The results have some residents living near Fort Sam Houston on high alert. – See http://www.woai.com/mostpopular/story/West-Nile-confirmed-at-Lackland-Randolph-Fort-Sam/MZa3O16rwEypo_pm18zQig.cspx

Vermont 08/24/12 Whiting, Addison County: Health officials confirm a mosquito trapped in Whiting has tested positive for WNV. Four other samples tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.necn.com/08/24/12/West-Nile-virus-found-in-Vt-mosquito-poo/landing_health.html?&apID=49ed2a6cffc74e5d9af453eaa15a009d

Rabies:

California 08/26/12 San Francisco: Five bats found in the Lake Merced area have tested positive for rabies. Area individuals who may have had contact with a bat, living or dead, should seek immediate medical advice. – See http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Rabid-bats-found-in-SF-s-Lake-Merced-area-3811560.php

North Carolina 08/24/12 Orange County: A skunk that bit a woman’s foot on Wednesday outside her home near Mt. Sinai and Turkey Farms roads has tested positive for rabies. – See http://chapelboro.com/OC-Woman-Bitten-By-Rabid-Skunk/14070964

Virginia 08/24/12 Kingsmill, James City County: The local health district is notifying residents in the vicinity of the 100 block of Woods Course Drive that a fox found in the area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.vagazette.com/news/va-vg-rabid-fox-0825-20120824,0,6252018.story

CDC Reports:

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending August 11, 2012:

Published August 17, 2012/ 61(32); ND-438-ND-451

Anaplasmosis . . . 18 . . . Alabama, Maine (2), New York (13), Rhode Island, Vermont,

Babesiosis . . . 7 . . . Maine, New York (6),

Brucellosis . . . 2 . . . Florida, Texas,  

Ehrlichiosis . . . 2 . . . Florida, New York,

Giardiasis . . . 143 . . . Alabama, Arkansas, California (23), Florida (13), Idaho (2), Iowa (3), Kansas, Louisiana (2), Maine, Maryland (5), Michigan (2), Missouri (7), Nebraska (7), Nevada (2), New York (22), Ohio (17), Oregon (5), Pennsylvania (10), Puerto Rico, South Carolina (4), Vermont (2), Virginia (5), Washington (7), Wisconsin,

HME/HGE Undetermined . . . 2 . . . Indiana (2),

Lyme Disease . . .  236. . .  Delaware (5), Florida (5), Maryland (11), Montana, Nebraska, New York (110), Ohio (5), Pennsylvania (73), Rhode Island (2), Texas, Vermont (12), Virginia (10),

Rabies (Animal) . . . 33. . . Alabama, Alaska, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine (2), New York (20), Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Texas (3), Vermont,

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Confirmed) . . . 2. . . Indiana, Missouri,   

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 66 . . . Alabama (2), Arkansas, Florida (3), Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri (2), New York (2), North Carolina (39), Tennessee (6), Virginia (9),

Tularemia . . . 1 . . . Missouri.

NORTH CAROLINA man kills RABID BOBCAT with tire iron ~ CONNECTICUT town seeks to trap COYOTE killing PETS ~ CALIFORNIA confirms four new cases of MURINE TYPHUS ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS & WEST NILE VIRUS reports from AL, CT, GA, ME, MAx3, & CANADA: ONTARIO ~ RABIES reports from NH, & TX.

Bobcat. Photo by Terry Spivey. Courtesy U.S.D.A. Forest Service.

North Carolina 08/23/12 starnewsonline.com: by Gareth McGrath – A bobcat in Oak Island that was killed with a tire iron after attacking people and a dog last week is the fourth confirmed case of rabies in Brunswick County this year. The report adds to a worrisome trend of rabies cases in the area for 2012. New Hanover County has recorded 13 cases so far this year. There were six confirmed rabies cases in the county in 2011. On Aug. 17, a man on Long Beach Road on the mainland part of Oak Island saw a bobcat chasing his dog. According to a release from the Brunswick County Health Department, the bobcat took a single swipe at the dog and then fled into the woods. About an hour later, the bobcat charged a second man in his yard and tried to attack him. The man grabbed a tire iron, threw it at the animal and killed it, the release says. The bobcat was sent to the N.C. State Laboratory of Public Health in Raleigh for testing, where it was found to be rabid. Health officials determined that neither man needed treatment, since they hadn’t come in physical contact with the animal, and the dog only needed a booster shot since it was up to date on its rabies vaccinations. – For complete article see http://www.starnewsonline.com/article/20120823/ARTICLES/120829834?Title=Rabid-bobcat-killed-in-Oak-Island

Connecticut 08/23/12 patch.com: Danbury officials are searching for a coyote trapper who the city can hire to remove a coyote who has been attacking pets along Tammany Trail and neighboring streets. People have been asking why the city or the police or the DEEP doesn’t just shoot the coyote. Danbury is a city and the city has ordinances that say people can’t fire guns in Danbury. The city will hire a trapper instead. “I’m glad,” said Cathy Moore, 15 Tammany Trail, who lost a cat, perhaps, to the coyote everyone has seen stalking the backyards of Tammany Trail. Moore has gone door to door in the neighborhood to alert people to the threat. – For complete article see http://danbury.patch.com/articles/danbury-to-capture-and-remove-tammany-coyote

Flea.

California 08/23/12 ktla.com: An outbreak of a dangerous disease is spreading in the San Fernando Valley — flea-borne typhus. Health officials have confirmed that four people have contracted Murine typhus in Burbank. Two cases originated in the 700 block of Screenland Drive. Both of those men were treated at local hospitals and released. – For complete article see http://www.ktla.com/news/landing/ktla-typhus-outbreak-burbank,0,6483955.story

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Alabama 08/23/12 Birmingham, Jefferson County: WNV has killed a horse in the city, but a local vet believes others have also died of the disease. Statewide, there have been 12 confirmed human cases of WNV so far this year. – See http://www.waff.com/story/19350054/west-nile-virus-kills-horse-infects-more-people

Connecticut 08/23/12 dph.ct.gov: Health Alert – Officials announced today that two more residents have tested positive for WNV infection. These results bring the total number of human cases of WNV infection in the state to four this year. The state also announced that mosquitoes trapped in Voluntown on August 13 tested positive for WNV. – See https://mail.google.com/mail/?hl=en&shva=1#inbox/1395559e2dce59f3

Georgia 08/23/12 wwntradio.com: The number of  WNV human cases in South Georgia has risen to 12 according to the Southwest Health District, and three people have died. One of the deaths was in Early County, and two were in Dougherty, and all in the last week. The 12 cases were diagnosed in Dougherty, two in Lee, one in Early, one in Mitchell, and one in Worth counties. – See http://www.wwntradio.com/news/news.php/displayType/article/10972/2012/08/three-confirmed-west-nile-deaths-in-southwest-ga

Maine 08/23/12 mainepublichealth.gov: Update – On Aug. 17, a mosquito pool tested positive for WNV. The pool of mosquitoes was collected Aug. 1 in the town of Lebanon. Since then, a second mosquito pool from Cumberland County tested positive.- For complete Update see https://mail.google.com/mail/?hl=en&shva=1#inbox/139546fa4e37c038

Massachusetts 08/23/12 Hopkinton, Middlesex County: Health department director Edward Wirtanen said today that WNV and EEE have been discovered in mosquitoes trapped within municipal limits. – See http://www.metrowestdailynews.com/news/x1843773346/EEE-and-West-Nile-virus-found-in-Hopkinton-mosquitoes

Massachusetts 08/23/12 Ashland, Middlesex County: The local health director announced today that WNV has been detected in mosquitoes trapped within municipal limits. – See http://www.metrowestdailynews.com/newsnow/x2118934649/Mosquitoes-in-Ashland-test-positive-for-West-Nile-virus

Massachusetts 08/23/12 Georgetown, Essex County: The state’s Department of Health has classified Georgetown at a “critical risk” for EEE, a rare but serious viral disease. According to an announcement on the Georgetown website, a horse tested positive for EEE earlier this week. – See http://www.wickedlocal.com/georgetown/news/x1405831771/Triple-E-found-in-Georgetown#axzz24R1wfSCP

Canada:

Ontario 08/23/12 Windsor & Essex counties: There are six new possible human cases of WNV in the counties, bringing the total number of confirmed or possible local cases this summer to 10. . . The 10 local cases range in age from a 25-year-old woman to a 71-year-old man. The 10 are made up of six women and four men. – For complete article see http://blogs.windsorstar.com/2012/08/23/six-new-possible-cases-of-west-nile-virus-in-windsor-essex/

Rabies:

New Hampshire 08/23/12 Farmington, Strafford County: Police are actively patrolling the area of Acorn Court, picking up felines, after reports of a woman bitten by a cat and exposed to rabies. Police are encouraging pet owners to keep their cats inside, or to have readily identifiable owner information on their pet, in case they are picked up during the search. Interim Police Chief Kevin Willey says the department will make every effort to return owned cats to their caretakers. On Aug. 21, the department investigated a report of a cat bite on Acorn Court, a dead end street in the downtown area. Upon testing the cat, it was determined the animal had rabies and information was passed along to the bitten resident so she could make arrangements for medical treatment, Willey said . . . According to a department press release, Animal Control Officer Kate Koval learned numerous other cats lived in and around the victim’s residence on Acorn Court. A nearby garage had at least six cats, according to police report, in varying degrees of health. Those cats were captured and euthanized before being sent to the state lab for testing. – See http://www.fosters.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20120823/GJNEWS_01/120829875/-1/FOSNEWS

Texas 08/23/12 San Marcos, Hays County: A bat that was found inside the front foyer at San Marcos High School on Monday has tested positive for rabies. A public health notice has been issued. Anyone who might have come in contact with the bat is advised to seek immediate medical advice. – See http://www.kxan.com/dpp/news/local/hays/rabid-bat-found-at-san-marcos-hs