Category Archives: Viral disease

WASHINGTON wildlife officers will kill more WOLVES to curb LIVESTOCK attacks ~ Five MOUNTAIN LION sighting reports from CALIFORNIA ~ LA CROSSE ENCEPHALITIS report from INDIANA ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS & WEST NILE VIRUS reports from AR, CT, LA, ME, MAx3, NC PA, RI, SD, TXx2, & VA ~ RABIES reports frm CT, NJ, & NC.

Gray wolf. Photo by Cephas. Wikimedia Commons.

Washington 08/17/12 posted by Rich – Washington Fish and Wildlife officials say they plan to kill more wolves in northern Stevens County to curb a spree of attacks on cattle. After confirming that wolves killed one calf this week and injured another, the agency intends to kill up to three members of the Wedge Pack, Madonna Luers, department spokeswoman said Friday. “Our officers will try to trap and put a radio collar on at least one more wolf in the pack for monitoring,” she said. “Then the intent is to lethally remove up to three more wolves to disrupt the pack and reduce its need to feed so many mouths.” The Wedge Pack roams the Colville National Forest area the Diamond M Ranch leases for grazing between the Columbia and Kettle rivers. Wolf attacks have been confirmed on at least five of the ranch’s animals in the past four weeks, including two calves killed.

A female non-breeding wolf in the pack was killed by department officers on Aug. 7 after wolves had killed a calf and injured two others. The kill was the first by the agency under its wolf management plan adopted in 2011. Although gray wolves in Eastern Washington are protected by state endangered species laws, the plan allows lethal removal in some cases. Remote camera images indicate the Wedge Pack includes at least a breeding pair, a few sub-adults and a few pups, but the exact number of wolves isn’t known, Luers said.

Mountain Lion Sightings:

California 08/17/12 Canyon Lake, Riverside County: Fish & Game officers who reviewed a photo and witness account of a large cat sighted walking across the corner lot on Early Round and Champion said it appeared the animal in the picture taken by resident Kevin Siepker was a mountain lion. – See

California 08/17/12 Berkeley, Alameda County: Officials at Lawrence Berkeley Lab are warning employees to avoid using isolated stairs and walkways at dusk after a mountain lion with cubs was spotted roaming between lab buildings Friday morning. UC police warned the campus community in July about multiple sightings of a mountain lion with cubs near Gayley Road. – See

California 08/17/12 Woodside, San Mateo County: A mountain lion was seen in the area of the 2200 block of Stockbridge Avenue Thursday night. – See

California 08/17/12 Davenport, Santa Cruz County: A mountain lion that was spotted eating a feral cat earlier this month has prompted some neighbors to keep their pets inside at night. About 3 a.m. Aug. 10, the attack woke at least one neighbor on Marine View Avenue. See

California 08/17/12 Arroyo Grande, San Luis Obispo County: A mountain lion described as weighing about 120 pounds was spotted Friday in the 2300 block of Callender Road. – See

La Crosse Encephalitis (LACV):

Indiana 08/17/12 Ripley County:  A positive mosquito sampling for the “treehole mosquito” (Aedes triseriatus) has been identified and one human case of LACV has been confirmed in the county, according to a Health Department news release. – See

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Arkansas 08/16/12 WNV Health Alert – Public health officials confirm that ten human cases of WNV have been identified in the state so far this year and that number is expected to increase. – See

Connecticut 08/17/12 Health Alert – The State Mosquito Management Program today announced that a Stamford resident tested positive for WNV infection. This is the second human case of WNV infection reported in the state this year. – See

Louisiana 08/18/12 Health Alert – Health officials confirm 24 new human cases of WNV infections have been reported, bringing the total to 92 human cases so far this year, including six WNV-related deaths. The 24 new infections include 10 cases of neuro-invasive disease, with four being reported in Caddo Parish and one each reported from DeSoto, Orleans, Ouachita, St. Tammany, Tangipahoa and Webster parishes. There were also new cases of non-invasive WNV, the milder form of the virus that causes flu-like symptoms, reported from Avoyelles (1), Bossier (3), Caddo (2), Iberville (1), Ouachita (1), Rapides (2) and St. Tammany (1) parishes. Three new asymptomatic cases, meaning the infected people had the virus but did not feel ill and only discovered the infection when they had blood work done for an unrelated reason such as blood donation, were reported from Caddo, Pointe Coupee and West Baton Rouge parishes. – See

Maine 08/17/12 York County: Health Alert – Dr. Stephen Sears, the state epidemiologist, said Friday that a mosquito collection site has tested positive for WNV. Maine has never had a human case of WNV, but the virus is making a comeback nationally. The state is investigating a possible human case of WNV, and another possible human case of EEE. Dr. Sears said one involves a person who may have been infected in another state. – See

Massachusetts 08/17/12 New Bedford, Bristol County: EEE Alert – State health officials Thursday raised the risk level of contracting EEE to “high” in the city and residents are urged to be vigilant. – See

Massachusetts 08/17/12 Westborough, Worcester County: Health Alert – State officials elevated Westborough’s EEE threat level to high, because mammal-biting, EEE-positive mosquitoes have been found here. Mosquito spraying will be “enhanced” here and in New Bedford, which had its threat level raised to high today as well and for the same reason, the agency said in a press release. – See

Massachusetts 08/18/12 Berkshire County: Positive samples for WNV were taken from Cheshire Road, upper North Street, Fort Hill and West streets as well as West Housatonic Street. Two sites in Pittsfield — Elm Street and West Housatonic Street — tested positive for EEE. Surveillance sites vary each week and are used to detect any local outbreaks of viruses transmitted by mosquitoes. “Eastern Equine is a lot more deadly than West Nile,” said Chris Horton, the superintendent for Berkshire County Mosquito Control Project. “There’s a 30 or 40 percent higher mortality rate.”  Two cases of the WNV were also found on South State Street and Route 8A in North Adams. Cases were also found near the Stockbridge Bowl in Stockbridge, and two cases were reported near Route 7 and Ashley Falls in Sheffield. – See

North Carolina 08/17/12 Shackleford Banks, Carteret County: A four-year-old wild horse that died tested positive for EEE. Cape Lookout says this is the first documented case of EEE among the herd of 107 horses, which the National Park Service has been managing since the mid-1980s. – See

Pennsylvania 08/17/12 Falls Township, Bucks County: A human case of WNV has been confirmed in a woman. This is the eighth human case of the virus identified in the state this year. – See

Rhode Island 08/17/12 Health Alert – State health officials are warning residents of a heightened risk of mosquito-borne illnesses after recent tests found WNV and EEE. – See

South Dakota 08/17/12 News Release – State health officials are reporting 26 new human cases of WNV, bringing the total to 67 this year, including one death. There have also been 22 WNV positive blood donors, six positive horses, one positive bird and 56 positive mosquito pools. So far the virus has been detected in 28 of South Dakota’s 66 counties. – See

Texas 08/17/12 Tarrant County: Just weeks after officials in Grapevine, Colleyville and Southlake reported that mosquito samples taken within city limits had tested positive for WNV, all three cities have confirmed human cases. The first confirmed case came in late July when a Southlake resident was admitted to an area hospital. Since then, two more cases have been confirmed in Southlake, two have been confirmed in Grapevine and one was confirmed in Colleyville. – See

Texas 08/17/12 News Release – Health officials announced today there are 552 state-confirmed human cases of WNV in the state so far this year, including 21 related deaths. In addition to aerial spraying efforts in Dallas County, state health officials are urging people to protect themselves by using insect repellent and draining standing water, which can be a breeding ground for mosquitoes. – See

Virginia 08/17/12 WNV Health Alert: Officials have confirmed the state’s first two human cases of WNV this year involving one person each in the southwestern and northwestern regions of the state. Both patients are adults. – See


Connecticut 08/17/12 Stamford, Fairfield County: Two skunks found in the city on July 25th and August 15th have tested positive for rabies. – See

New Jersey 08/16/12 Cherry Hill, Camden County: Health officials are urging residents to be cautious after a skunk found in the Barclay Farm section tested positive for rabies. Officials said the skunk had come in contact with a resident’s dog on Aug. 8. The dog’s rabies vaccination was current and it has been treated by a veterinarian. – See

North Carolina 08/17/12 Garner, Wake County: Officials confirmed a case of rabies in a dog on Tuesday. The dog, a 65-pound white Akita with a brindle eye and black muzzle named Susie, was euthanized Tuesday after it was observed to have symptoms of rabies. It was then taken to a state lab, where officials confirmed the dog had rabies. Initially, four people who came in contact with Susie began a 14-day treatment to prevent rabies from developing. Now, three more people have started treatment after reporting that they had significant contact with the dog. Three dogs that came into contact with the rabid dog have been euthanized. Susie roamed an area near the intersection of Big Buck Lane and Bushy Branch Drive in Garner. Wake County Animal Control asks anyone who had significant contact with Susie between Thursday, July 26, and Saturday, August 11, to contact their physician immediately. Significant contact includes being bitten, licked on the face or getting saliva in a wound or mucus membrane. – See

CANADA: BOY, age 7, survives MOUNTAIN LION attack on BRITISH COLUMBIA’s Vancouver Island ~ Two CALIFORNIA campers stricken with HANTAVIRUS, one is dead ~ CALIFORNIA reports two MOUNTAIN LION sightings ~ NEVADA town reports 13 COYOTE attacks on PETS ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS & WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CT, IL, MAx2, PA, & TX ~ RABIES reports from GA, IL, NY, NC, & SC.

Mountain lion. Courtesy U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.


British Columbia 08/16/12 BY Andree Lau – A cougar attack on Vancouver Island left a seven-year-old boy with cuts to his head and shoulder. The mauling happened on Sproat Lake, west of Port Alberni, on Wednesday morning, according to CTV. The boy, who was camping with his family on the lake’s east end suffered “significant injuries,” Port Alberni RCMP Cst. Tracey Corner told News 1130. The boy is expected to make a full recovery, reports CTV. Conservation officers shot and killed the animal on Thursday, said News 1130. Last summer, an 18-month-old boy was left with puncture wounds in the back of his head after a cougar encounter in the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve east of Ucluelet.

Deer mouse. Courtesy National Park Service.

California 08/16/12 by Sandy Kleffman – A 37-year-old Alameda County man died and a Southern California woman is recovering after contracting the rare hantavirus, most likely after being exposed to mouse droppings or urine while vacationing at Curry Village in Yosemite National Park, health leaders said Thursday. The two stayed in separate tent cabins in Curry Village in mid-June and fell ill several weeks later. The state health department informed park officials two days ago that tests revealed the hantavirus in mouse droppings there, said ranger Kari Cobb. She noted that park employees have since scrubbed and inspected buildings and taken steps to limit entry points for rodents, things they do routinely. “Visitors should not be afraid to stay here,” Cobb said. This marks the first death of someone believed to have contracted the hantavirus at Yosemite. – For complete article see

Mountain Lion Sightings:

California 08/15/12 Portola Valley, San Mateo County: Emergency officials reported a mountain lion was seen Tuesday morning near Bear Gulch and Oak Creed roads. – See

California 08/16/12 San Andreas, Calaveras County: A sheriff’s deputy was dispatched to Pixley Avenue on Tuesday night in response to a complaint and found a large mountain lion in the Protestant Cemetery. The lion reportedly charged a deputy but did not make contact and then ran away. – See

Coyote Attacks:

Nevada 08/16/12 Spanish Springs, Washoe County: There have been 13 reported coyote attacks on local pets in the past several weeks. – See

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Connecticut 08/16/12 Health Alert – The State Mosquito Management Program today announced that a New Haven resident tested positive for WNV infection. This is the first case of human illness associated with WNV infection reported in Connecticut this year.

Illinois 08/15/12 Downers Grove, DuPage County: A woman in her 50s has been confirmed as the first local human case of WNV this year. – See

Massachusetts 08/15/12 Ludlow, Hampden County: Public health officials confirm they have diagnosed the first case of WNV in a horse this year. – See

Massachusetts 08/16/12 Norwood, Norfolk County: WNV and EEE have been found in a mosquito pool located in the northwest area of town near the Westwood line. – See

Pennsylvania 08/15/12 Three more human cases of WNV have been confirmed; two in Delaware County, and one in Centre County. All were hospitalized with meningitis but are recovering. The two previously reported cases were in Lancaster and Franklin counties. – See

Texas 08/15/12 Dallas, Dallas County: Mayor Mike Rawlings on Wednesday declared the city’s recent WNV outbreak to be a state of emergency and authorized the first aerial spraying of insecticide in the city in nearly 40 years. Dallas and other North Texas cities have agreed to the rare use of aerial spraying from planes to combat the nation’s worst outbreak of WNV so far this year. Dallas last had aerial spraying in 1966, when more than a dozen deaths were blamed on encephalitis. – See


Georgia 08/15/12 Lula, Hall County: A skunk that was in contact with two cats on Lula Road has tested positive for rabies. This is the 16th case of the virus in the county so far this year. – See

Illinois 08/15/12 Arlington Heights, Cook County: A bat that was found in the local police department’s crime lab on the fourth floor of the village hall has tested positive for rabies. – See

New York 08/15/12 French Creek, Chautauqua County: A cat that attacked two people on Friday has tested positive for rabies. Three more animals were in contact with the cat. – See

North Carolina 08/15/12 Greensboro, Guilford County: A fox found on Blue Heron Trail has tested positive for rabies. A person and a vaccinated dog were exposed. This is the 14th confirmed case of the virus in the county so far this year. – See

South Carolina 08/15/12 Chappels, Newberry County: A bat that bit a person has tested positive for rabies. – See

CALIFORNIA scientists now know L.A.’S Griffith Park has a resident MOUNTAIN LION ~ CALIFORNIA’s Long Beach residents warned of increase in FLEA-borne TYPHUS cases ~ MAINE issues health advisory due to increase in TICK-borne ANAPLASMOSIS ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS and/or WEST NILE VIRUS reports from FL, ID, IL, MA, NJ, NY, NC, OK, PA, RI, & SD ~ RABIES reports from CT, MD, NE, NJ, & NC.

Mountain lion. Courtesy U.S. Army.

California 08/14/12 For the first time, scientists have evidence of a mountain lion inhabiting Griffith Park. His name is P-22. That’s P, as in puma. “We never had any definitive proof of a mountain lion living in Griffith Park,” said Jeff Sikich, a National Park Service biologist. “We believe this is pretty significant, that it’s surrounded by such intense urbanization.” . . . Sometime after P-22 entered the park, he triggered a remote camera set up for a general wildlife survey. Photo in hand, Sikich set out to catch him. He installed three humane traps in the area. He also set up a camera at each trap, rigged to send any images to his cellphone if triggered. Nine days later, at 2 a.m., his cellphone rang. He and other scientists raced to the site, a Department of Water and Power property just west of the park. Sikich used a blowpipe to administer a sedative. The team spent about an hour gathering samples and taking measurements. Most important, they attached a collar with both GPS and very high frequency radio signal technology so they could track where and when the lion made his kills. They woke the animal and released him. The GPS function went dead, however, leaving the researchers with only radio telemetry to generally track the feline’s peregrinations. In recent weeks, Sikich has used radio frequencies to attempt to zero in on the lion’s whereabouts so he can recapture him and apply a new collar. So far, the beast has eluded him by ranging throughout the park’s wild lands and over the ridge toward Forest Lawn Memorial-Park. – For complete article see

Norway rat. Courtesy of CDC.

California 08/13/12 The number of flea-borne typhus cases are up over last year, and local health officials are warning residents to take precautions. So far this year, 11 cases of the illness have been reported to the Long Beach Health Department, compared to nine for all of last year. The flea-borne typhus – known as murine typhus – is a disease spread by fleas living on rats and mice, opossums, cats and raccoons, health officials explained. People get the disease through the bites of infected fleas, adding that it isn’t spread from person to person. – See

Deer tick. Courtesy CDC.

Maine 08/09/12 Maine CDC: Health Advisory – Anaplasmosis is a bacterial infection that is carried by Ixodes scapularis (the deer tick), which is the same tick that also carries Lyme disease.  Anaplasmosis is an emerging infection in Maine, and as of August 8, 2012, 38 cases have been reported to Maine CDC from 8 counties (Androscoggin, Cumberland, Hancock, Kennebec, Knox, Lincoln, Somerset and York).  During 2011, a total of 26 cases were reported. – For more information go to

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Florida 08/14/12 Walton County: Sentinel chickens have tested positive for EEE and WNV.  The risk of transmission to humans has increased. – See

Idaho 08/14/12 Owyhee County: Health officials say mosquitoes collected in the Bruneau area have tested positive for WNV. – See

Illinois 08/13/12 Winnebago County: Mosquitoes test positive for WNV at two Rockford area parks.  One pool of mosquitoes was at Alpine Park on Rockford’s southeast side, the other is at Legends in Roscoe. – See

Massachusetts 08/13/12 Peabody, Essex County: Mosquitoes collected last week have tested positive for WNV. Plans for pesticide spraying are being posted on the city’s website. – See

New Jersey 08/14/12 Salem County: An 11-year-old quarter horse mare has tested positive for WNV, the first case in the state this year. The animal began showing signs of illness on Aug. 4 and was subsequently euthanized. – See

New York 08/14/12 Brooklyn, Kings County: Health officials have confirmed that WNV was found on Aug. 3 in Windsor Terrace, as well as Dyker Heights, Greenwood Heights and Starrett City. – See

North Carolina 08/14/12 Wayne County: Health officials say a resident has become the state’s first WNV-related death so far this year. – See

Oklahoma 08/14/12 Oklahoma County: Health officials have reported the first WNV-related death in the state since 2009 and issued a public health warning, saying they are concerned the potentially deadly disease will reach record numbers. The victim is described only as an adult over the age of 75, according to Dr. Kristy Bradley, state epidemiologist at the Oklahoma State Department of Health. There are 55 confirmed WNV human cases in Oklahoma so far in 2012. – See

Pennsylvania 08/13/12 Delaware County: The Department of Environmental Protection confirmed human cases of WNV in two men on Monday. This comes only five days after the Department of Health reported WNV human cases in Lancaster and Franklin counties. Doctors and officials say there is an unprecedented level of mosquitoes carrying the virus this year. – See–166058186.html

Rhode Island 08/14/12 Tiverton, Newport County: A mosquito trapped in the central part of the city has tested positive for EEE. It is the first positive EEE mosquito sample found in the state this year. – See

South Dakota 08/14/12 Update – Since last Friday 10 human cases have been added to the WNV report, bringing the season total to 41 WNV cases. In addition 15 viremic blood donors, 3 WNV horse cases, 1 bird and 56 positive mosquitoes have also been reported. WNV has been detected in 25 of South Dakota’s 66 counties. – See


Connecticut 08/14/12 Groton, New London County: A raccoon from the area of Noank Ledyard Road has tested positive for rabies, the Ledge Light Health District said in a public health alert today. – See

Maryland 08/13/12 California, St. Mary’s County: A feral kitten picked up from Bayside Way has tested positive for rabies. Officials say four other kittens and a mother cat related to the rabid kitten are considered to be potentially rabid. They have not been found yet. – See

Nebraska 08/14/12 Chadron, Dawes County: A cat submitted by an animal care clinic, and a skunk found east of the city, have both tested positive for rabies. – See

New Jersey 08/14/12 Piscataway, Middlesex County:  A bat that was captured after it flew into a home near Pleasant Avenue and West 4th Street has tested positive for rabies. It is the fifth such inflected animal found in the county this year. – See

North Carolina 08/14/12 Fayetteville, Cumberland County: A dead bat found in the 300 block of Palomar Street has tested positive for rabies. – See

HEMORRHAGIC DISEASE killing DEER in central MICHIGAN ~ MOUNTAIN LION sighting in CALIFORNIA ~ LOUISIANA reports four more WEST NILE VIRUS fatalities ~ RABIES reports from NJ, NCx2, PA, & VA ~ CDC REPORTS: ZOONOTIC DISEASE summary for week ending August 4, 2012.

Whitetailed deer. Photo by Department of Natural Resources. State of Indiana.

Michigan 08/11/12 by Paul A. Smith – Officials in Michigan confirmed in early August that Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease, or EHD, killed deer in two counties in the south central part of the state. Deer deaths have also been reported in 11 counties in Indiana; officials there suspect the cause is EHD but are awaiting confirmation from laboratory tests. EHD is a viral disease transmitted by a midge, or biting fly. Found in wild ruminants such as deer and elk, the disease causes extensive internal bleeding. Infected deer are attracted to water to combat the fever and dehydration due to the hemorrhaging. The disease is characterized by sudden onset, according to wildlife health sources. Deer lose their appetite and fear of humans, grow progressively weaker, salivate excessively and finally become unconscious. Infected deer often are found sick or dead along or in bodies of water. There is no evidence that humans can contract the EHD virus.

Photo by Mwanner. Wikimedia Commons.

Michigan has observed EHD outbreaks each year since 2006. Before 2006, EHD was seen in Michigan in 1955 and ’74. The estimated mortality has varied from 50 to 1,000 deer per year in the affected areas, according to Michigan officials. “Due to the prolonged, dry, hot weather this year, we are not surprised to see EHD emerge again,” said Tom Cooley, DNR wildlife biologist and pathologist. “Mortality numbers will depend on how widespread the disease is. Die-offs usually occur within one watershed area. If multiple watersheds are involved, the total mortality is higher.” There is no known effective treatment for, or control of, EHD. – For complete article see

Mountain Lion Sighting:

California 08/11/12 San Mateo, San Mateo County: A mountain lion was seen Friday morning near the 1700 block of Lexington Avenue walking through San Francisco Watershed property. – See

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Louisiana 08/10/12 State officials confirmed Friday four more WNV deaths, bringing the state total to six. DHH officials said 68 (human) cases — 15 of them new — have been detected so far this year. More than half — 37 — are of neuro-invasive disease, the more serious form of the virus that infects the brain and spinal cord and can cause brain damage or death. DHH said that’s the highest total of neuro-invasive infections in the state since 2006. The new infections include eight cases of neuro-invasive disease reported in Bossier, Caddo, Concordia, Jefferson, Tangipahoa, Union, Washington and Webster parishes and five cases of the milder West Nile fever reported in Livingston, Orleans, Ouachita and St. Tammany parishes. Two new asymptomatic cases, where people had no symptoms and only discovered the infection when they had blood work done for an unrelated reason such as blood donation, were reported from East Baton Rouge and Rapides parishes. – For complete article see


New Jersey 08/12/12 Middletown, Monmouth County: A bat that was in contact with a vaccinated dog near Bryna Drive in the Lincroft section has tested positive for rabies. – See

North Carolina 08/12/12 Crumpler, Ashe County:  A stray, Shepherd-mix dog that, on July 27,  bit an elderly man who had been feeding him has tested positive for rabies. – See

North Carolina 08/11/12 Wilmington, New Hanover County: According to the county sheriff’s office, a raccoon that fought with a vaccinated dog along Barnett Avenue on Thursday has tested positive for rabies. The dog was handled by its owner afterward, resulting in potential exposure to both. – See

Pennsylvania 08/11/12 Hempfield, Lancaster County: by Richard Gazarik – Two Hempfield children and an animal-control officer have undergone a series of rabies shots after a rabid cat bit a child and exposed two others to the disease, township supervisors said. About 100 residents of Woodhaven Drive received notices on Friday that a feral cat tested positive for rabies, and authorities are searching for two kittens that also may be rabid, said township Supervisor Doug Weimer. The attack occurred on July 30, and the township was notified of the test results on Wednesday, Weimer said, prompting supervisors to issue a public notice through letters, the township website and cable television. He said the cat was caught after the attack, euthanized and tested. In addition to a child, another child and the animal-control officer were administered a series of four rabies shots, he said. Weimer said residents should be wary of two orange-and-white tabby kittens that have not been found. – For complete article see

Virginia 08/11/12 Bealeton, Fauquier County: An adult cat, who was a frequent visitor to the area of Marsh Road and Balls Mills Road in Bealeton, Fauquier County, has been confirmed to be rabid, according to a release from the Virginia Department of Health. The cat — described as an orange tabby, young adult, 12-to-14-weeks-old and weighing five pounds — bit at least six people within the last three weeks. Lab results received today confirmed the presence of rabies. The six people who were bitten are starting post-exposure treatment. Fauquier County Environmental Health asks anyone who knows of any suspected contact between this cat and any person or domestic animal within the last three weeks, to contact them immediately. Call Fauquier County Environmental Health at 540-347-6363, and press 0 when prompted. – For complete article see

CDC Reports:

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending August 4, 2012:

Published August 10, 2012/ 61(31); ND-424-ND-437

Anaplasmosis . . . 18 . . . Maine (4), Nebraska, New York (11), North Carolina, Virginia,

Babesiosis . . . 6 . . . New York (6),

Ehrlichiosis . . . 16 . . . Arkansas, Maryland (2), Missouri (6), New York (2), North Carolina (2), Tennessee, Virginia (2),

Giardiasis . . . 147 . . . Alabama (3), Arkansas (4), California (13), Florida (15), Idaho (2), Iowa (4), Louisiana, Maine (4), Maryland (6), Michigan (3), Missouri (7), Montana, Nebraska (8), Nevada (3), New York (30), Ohio (12), Oregon (7), Pennsylvania (3), Rhode Island, South Carolina (4), Vermont, Virginia (2), Washington (13),

Hansen Disease (Leprosy) . . . 1 . . . Florida, 

HME/HGE Undetermined . . . 2 . . . Indiana, Ohio,

Lyme Disease . . .  249. . .  California, Delaware (6), Florida (2), Maine (2), Maryland (14), Michigan (2), Nebraska, New York (90), North Carolina (6), Ohio (3), Pennsylvania (96), Vermont (6), Virginia (16), West Virginia (4),

Q Fever (Chronic) . . . 1 . . . Nebraska, 

Rabies (Animal) . . . 38. . . Connecticut (3), Illinois (2), Kentucky, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York (17), Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas (7), Vermont (2), West Virginia,

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Confirmed) . . . 2. . . Alabama, Kentucky,   

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 30 . . . Alabama (2), Arkansas (2), Indiana, Kentucky (2), Missouri (6), Nebraska, North Carolina (5), Tennessee, Virginia (10).

MEXICAN GRAY WOLF killing LIVESTOCK in NEW MEXICO will be shot ~ Lone WOLF known as OR-7 prompts CALIFORNIA wildlife officials to consider protection ~ CDC confirms 145 new cases of SWINE FLU in July & August 2012 ~ Second RABBIT with TULAREMIA found in COLORADO ~ MOUNTAIN LION sighting reported in ILLINOIS ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS reports from MAx2 ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from IN, MD, NE, SD, & TXx3 ~ RABIES reports from CA, CO, GA, MAx2, NH, NY, NC, & OH.

Mexican gray wold. Photo by C. Morrison. Wikimedia Commons.

New Mexico 08/10/12 by Susan Montoya Bryan – The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service signed an order Thursday calling for the shooting of a female Mexican gray wolf that was accused of killing too many cows in southwestern New Mexico. This marks the first time since 2007 that the agency was taking the step to kill an endangered wolf due to livestock problems. The order calls for shooting the Fox Mountain Pack’s alpha female. Wolf Recovery Coordinator Sherry Barrett said it was a difficult decision given that the population of endangered wolves in New Mexico and Arizona has been struggling since reintroduction began 14 years ago. “Our goal is to recover the population and to grow this particular population, but we also recognize the need to address these depredations so that we have a successful reintroduction program,” she said. The rancher who lost cattle to the Fox Mountain Pack was compensated for his losses, but Barrett did not know how much he was paid through the government’s reimbursement program. Barrett also declined to release the name of the rancher. . . .

. . . . .. .A subspecies of the gray wolf, the Mexican wolf once roamed parts of New Mexico, Arizona, Texas and Mexico. Hunting and government-sponsored extermination campaigns all but wiped out the predator. It was added to the federal endangered species list in 1976, and a captive-breeding program was started. The first batch of wolves was released in May 1998, and at least 58 wolves remain in the wild along the New Mexico-Arizona border. Biologists estimate there are 14 packs among the two states. – For complete article see

California 08/09/12 State scientists say the lone wolf roaming far Northern California should be considered a candidate for listing under the state endangered species act. A report from the Department of Fish and Game called the presence of the gray wolf that crossed the border from Oregon last December an “historic and a scientific certainty.” The report says that other wolves could migrate to form breeding populations.  “Whether one is for or against listing wolves as threatened or endangered … one must acknowledge the fact that the arrival of wolf OR7 in our state was an historic event,” said Jordan Traverso, deputy director of communications for the department. The report was presented Wednesday to members of the California Fish and Game Commission, which will decide in October whether to accept the recommendation. – For complete article see

National 08/09/12 CDC Health Advisory – (Excerpt) “(T)here are 145 confirmed cases of influenza infection with H3N2v virus, since the current outbreaks began in July of this year.  This includes one case in Hawaii, one case in Illinois, 113 cases being reported from Indiana, and 30 cases being reported from Ohio.  This is clearly a significant increase since last week’s total, so we thought it would be good to try to put this into context.  Like we reported last week, confirmed cases have had exposure to swine, and most of these infections have occurred in people exhibiting swine, family members of exhibitors, people visiting swine barns at fairs, or people attending fairs where swine are present.  The severity of human illness associated with this virus continues to resemble that of seasonal flu.  Most cases are mild and self-limited and resolve on their own.  Most cases have occurred in children.  CDC has not received any report of deaths associated with H3N2v infection, and there have been two confirmed hospitalizations with H3N2v infection so far.  Both patients have recovered and have been discharged.” Joseph Bresee, M.D., Influenza Division, CDC – For complete transcript see

Colorado 08/09/12 Public health officials in Pueblo say a second rabbit tested positive for tularemia in Pueblo West. The rabbit was collected from Pueblo West, north of Highway 50 West, on the 400 Block of East Chadwick Drive. – For complete article and symptoms see

Mountain Lion Sightings:

Illinois 08/10/12 by Chuck Sudo – Police in Glencoe have asked residents to be on alert for a cougar or cougars in the North Shore suburb after a July 26 sighting. It was the latest in a series of reported mountain lion sightings in the north suburbs in recent months. Although there hasn’t been any photographic evidence of the felines, Glencoe Public Safety Director Michael Volling is taking a “where there’s smoke, there’s fire” approach. The latest sighting occurred July 26 near the intersection of Dell Place and Lakeside Terrace. – See

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

Massachusetts 08/08/12 Middlesex County: Public health officials have confirmed that a man in his 60s from the Metrowest region has been diagnosed with EEE. He became ill after returning from a trip to the Mid-Atlantic region. – See

Massachusetts 08/10/12 Reading, Middlesex County: Human-biting mosquitoes infected with EEE have been detected in Reading — the first time this season that EEE-carrying insects that can spread the often-fatal disease to people have been found outside of Cape Cod and Southeastern Massachusetts, which is traditionally a hotbed for the virus. – See

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Indiana 08/10/12 Health officials say four human cases of WNV have now been confirmed in Hamilton, Marion, and Jackson counties. – See

Maryland 08/10/12 News Release – Public health officials today announced that an adult in Central Maryland is the state’s first confirmed human case of symptomatic WNV infection in 2012. WNV was also detected in a pool of mosquitoes collected in Montgomery County by the U.S. Department of Defense. – See

Nebraska 08/08/12 Health Alert – There are six (6) lab-confirmed human cases of WNV, one each in Boone, Butler, Hamilton and Madison counties and 2 in Scottsbluff County. Multiple counties show positive mosquito pools or infected birds (see maps, –

See complete Health Alert at

South Dakota 08/10/12 Update – WNV has been detected in 24 counties.  31 human cases of the disease reported. 16 WNV viremic blood donors. 2 WNV positive horses. – See

Texas 08/09/12 Dallas County: Public health officials have declared a public health emergency, saying the spread of the WNV has become epidemic . . . county health officials have reported 162 WNV human cases including nine deaths so far this year. – See

Texas 08/09/12 Andrews, Andrews County: Health officials have confirmed the first human case of WNV in the Permian Basin. – See

Texas 08/10/12 Denton, Denton County: Public health officials have confirmed that a 90-year-old resident with underlying health conditions is the county’s first death associated with WNV this year. There have been 66 total human cases of the virus, and 65 positive mosquito pools, in the county so far this year. – See


California 08/10/12 Acton, Los Angeles County: Public health officials have confirmed that a bat that fell from a tree and bit a local resident on the shoulder a week ago has tested positive for rabies. Two other bats found last weekend between Stevenson Ranch and Acton also tested positive for the virus. Nine rabid bats have been found in the Santa Clarita Valley so far this year. – See

Colorado 08/09/12 El Paso County: A dead bat found near the entrance of the Starsmore Discovery Center at 2120 S. Cheyenne Cañon Road has tested positive for rabies. Anyone who might have had contact with the bat should seek immediate medical advice. – See

Georgia 08/09/12 Bryan County: A raccoon that came in contact with a local family dog has tested positive for rabies. The dog was not up-to-date on vaccinations and had to be euthanized. This is the third rabid raccoon found in the county this year. – See

Massachusetts 08/09/12 Dartmouth, Bristol County: A woodchuck (aka groundhog) that came in contact with a vaccinated dog and was later found on Hancock Street, west of Cross Road and south of Route 6, has tested positive for rabies. – See

Massachusetts 08/10/12 Bolton, Worcester County: A bat captured by an animal control officer inside a local home has tested positive for rabies. – See

New Hampshire 08/10/12 Freedom, Carroll County: Local police shot and killed a fox that attacked people walking their dog and then attacked the police. Officials are waiting for results of a rabies test, but less than two weeks ago another fox tested positive for the virus in the nearby town of Bartlett. – See

New York 08/10/12 Middletown, Orange County: A rabies alert has been issued after a bat that was in contact with a vaccinated dog in the Lincroft section tested positive for the virus. This is the fifth case of rabies in the town this year. – See

North Carolina 08/09/12 Cary, Wake & Chatham counties: A dead bat found inside a home in the 300 block of Tweed Circle on Tuesday has tested positive for rabies. The homeowner was potentially exposed to the virus. – See

Ohio 08/09/12 Danville, Knox County: A bat that came in contact with an unvaccinated dog has tested positive for rabies. The dog will be euthanized. – See

WASHINGTON wildlife officers kill one WOLF and target another to protect LIVESTOCK ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: 9 more Waldorf, MARYLAND residents exposed to possibly RABID BATS ~ NEW YORK TV station proposes simple method to catch a BAT ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CA, ILx2, IA, NE, NH, & TN ~ RABIES reports from NJ, OR, PA, TX. & WI.

Gray wolf. Courtesy National Park Service.

Washington 08/07/12 by Lynda V. Mapes – Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife agents killed one wolf and are preparing to kill another to protect a rancher’s livestock in northeastern Washington. The wolves are in the population protected by state, but not federal laws. Only wolves in the western two-thirds of the state are protected under the federal Endangered Species Act. The wolf killed Tuesday morning was part of a pack in the so called “Wedge,” a remote area of northeastern Washington home to wolverines, grizzly bears — and The Diamond M Ranch, where complaints by a rancher of one calf killed and others injured generated the department’s decision to kill the wolf and prepare to kill another by Wednesday afternoon.

Gray wolf. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

The targeted animals are two of last year’s pups from a pack in the Wedge, not the alpha male and female of the pack. “We don’t want to break up the pack, and this year’s pups are not [predatory],” said Dave Ware, manager of the game division for the department. . . Washington was home to two known packs of wolves in 2010, and five packs last December, and now has eight confirmed packs — and maybe more, based on public reports and observed tracks. The rebound is typical of the pattern, Ware said, in which recovery begins slowly, then picks up speed. – For complete article see

Follow-Up Report:

(See Rabies: Maryland 08/01/12 “Two people are being treated for potential exposure to rabies” posted 08/03/12)

Maryland 08/08/12 Waldorf, Charles County: Eleven Huntington Apartments residents are being treated for potential exposure to rabies after contact with bats. Officials have evaluated 22 people from 12 units and those who have had direct contact with a bat or slept in a room where a bat was found have been referred for preventative treatment. – See

National 08/08/12 How to Catch a Bat: The best way to catch a bat is to close all the windows and doors in your home and turn off all the lights, except for one. The bat will be attracted to that light. When the bat lands, approach it slowly while wearing heavy work gloves and then place a can or a box over the bat and slide a piece of cardboard or plastic over the top. Keep the container in a cool location and contact your local health department so the bat can be tested for rabies. – Method proposed by WSYR-TV Syracuse. – For complete article and video see

Author’s Note: After you catch the bat, if you don’t know how it got in, call a local pest and wildlife control professional to find and seal points of entry.

West Nile Virus (WNV):

California 08/08/12 Sacramento & Yolo counties: Mosquito & Vector Control District WNV activity update: Sacramento – Level 3: 458 dead birds, 13 sentinel chickens, and 321 mosquito samples have tested positive for WNV to date. Yolo – Level 3: 39 dead birds, 2 sentinel chickens, and 48 mosquito samples have tested positive for WNV to date. – See

Illinois 08/06/12 Cook County: Four more human cases of WNV have been reported, including a 57-year-old Evanston resident, two in Chicago, and one in a suburban area. – See,0,5705380.story

Illinois 08/08/12 DuPage County: The Health Department reports 89 mosquito pools have tested positive for WNV so far this season, compared to only one positive test during the same period last year. – See

Iowa 08/07/12 Johnson County: Two cases of WNV have been confirmed in two area horses on two separate farms in the county. Both horses had to be euthanized. . . Since these two cases of WNV were confirmed, two cases have been reported in northwest Iowa and one case in north central Iowa, according to Dustin Vandehoef of the Iowa Dept. of Agriculture. There has also been one confirmed human case of WNV in northwest Iowa. – See

Nebraska 08/08/12 Hamilton County: Health officials have confirmed the first human case of WNV in central Nebraska. – See

New Hampshire 08/07/12 News Release – Public health officials have confirmed that 18 batches of mosquitoes have tested positive for WNV recently from the towns of Manchester, Nashua, and Salem.  This is in addition to the 8 batches that Manchester already announced this season, bringing the total number of positive batches so far this year to 26. These findings have caused DPHS to raise the risk level for arboviral diseases in the greater Manchester, Nashua, and Salem areas. – See

Tennessee 08/08/12 Knox County: The Knox County Health Department has received lab confirmation of the presence of WNV in mosquitoes in six different areas of the county. – See


New Jersey 08/08/12 Burlington County: A skunk that attacked an opossum on the 300 block of Van Sant Drive, off Temple Boulevard in Palmyra, has tested positive for rabies. This is the third animal confirmed to be rabid in the Cinnaminson/Palmyra area this week. – See

Oregon 08/08/12 Benton County: A bat pulled out of the Willamette River by a group of Boy Scouts last week has tested positive for rabies, Benton County health officials confirmed Wednesday. This is the second bat in Benton County, and the seventh in the state of Oregon, to test positive for rabies this year. On Friday, four Boy Scouts on a canoe trip on the Willamette River retrieved a live bat from the water. The boys, handling the animal with bare hands, then took the bat to a scout leader. The scout leader quickly had the bat placed into a “secure container,” according to a statement from the Benton County Health Department. The leader then alerted the health department. When the scouts got to Hyat Park, a Benton County sheriff’s deputy picked up the animal and took it to the health department. The troop had been canoeing from Eugene to Hyat Park. The bat was discovered at  a point in the river about 3 miles north of Corvallis. Since the scouts handled the bat with bare hands, the bat was sent to the Oregon Public Health Laboratory in Hillsboro to be tested for rabies. A positive result came back Wednesday. The Boy Scout troop is a Washington County troop. Washington County health officials will evaluate whether the boys who touched the bat should receive a rabies vaccine given after exposure, according to the Benton County Health Department statement.

Pennsylvania 08/08/12 Fulton County: A skunk that sprayed a man who was working in the southern part of the county last Wednesday has tested positive for rabies. – See

Texas 08/08/12 Parker County: A male deer found at the Sugar Tree Golf Course on August 2nd has tested positive for rabies. According to reports, the deer was friendly and allowed people to pet and hand feed him. The county sheriff is asking those who had any contact with the deer to seek immediate medical advice. – See,0,2238579.story

Wisconsin 08/08/12 Marathon County: Health officials are seeking assistance in locating a dog that bit a young man on the city’s west side. The incident occurred at about 7 p.m. Friday on Garfield Avenue. The dog has been described as a small, black, short-haired dog with a dark colored collar. Verifying the vaccination status of the dog could prevent the man from having to go through a series of rabies shots. Anyone with information about the dog or its owner should call the Marathon County Health Department at 715-261-1908 or the Marathon County Dispatch at 715-849-7785.

MASSACHUSETTS and VIRGINIA confirm FOX attacks ~ OHIO State Fair presenter sent home when HOGS test positive for SWINE FLU ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from AL, CT, FL, GA, NJ, NM, NY, ND, OH, PA, SD, & UT ~ RABIES reports from AL, NJ, NY, & SC ~ CDC REPORTS: ZOONOTIC DISEASE summary for week ending July 28, 2012.

Gray fox. Photo by Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife.

Massachusetts 08/07/12 by Ariel Wittenberg – A Birchfield Street resident was bitten by a fox while walking her dog this morning in what town officials are calling a “possible rabies event.” Fairhaven Health Agent Patricia Fowle said there is no direct evidence that the fox is rabid, but that the victim is being treated for rabies at a nearby hospital. “The lady was out walking the dog … and a fox appeared out of the woods at the east end of the street,” Fowle said. “It went after the woman and not the dog, which is cause for concern.” Fowle said she received a call shortly after 10 a.m. from Animal Control informing her of the incident. Animal Control went to the scene of the biting but could not find the fox. – For complete article see

Red fox. Courtesy National Park Service.

Virginia 08/07/12 by David Tate – An aggressive fox that bit a Blacksburg woman has some neighbors very concerned. Police are keeping an eye out for the animal because it still hasn’t been captured or killed.  People in the area have definitely heard of the attack and are taking precautions for everything from their children to their pets. Until the fox that attacked a woman in a driveway is caught and tested for rabies, the Blacksburg neighborhood off Glade Road will be on edge. – For complete article and video see

H3N2 Infuenza Virus:

Ohio 08/06/12 by Tiffany Y. Latta – An area resident who recently showed animals at the Ohio State Fair has tested positive for swine flu, becoming the first confirmed case of the H3N2 influenza virus in Clark County. The young girl, whose name and age were not released, was exposed to the virus after having direct contact with two hogs that were sent home from the fair in Columbus last week after tests revealed they had swine flu.. . . . Ohio currently has 15 confirmed cases, including 14 cases in Butler County that were associated with those who had direct contact with swine at their recent county fair. – For complete article see

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Alabama 08/06/12 Mobile County: Health officials say sentinel chickens in two locations have tested positive for WNV. The locations are in the 36613 ZIP Code area and the 36571 ZIP Code area. – See

Connecticut 08/07/12 CT Department of Public Health: News Release – The State Mosquito Management Program today announced mosquitoes testing positive for WNV have been identified in 32 towns so far this season. The virus has been confirmed in mosquitoes trapped in a widening area of Fairfield, Hartford, New Haven, Middlesex and New London counties.

Florida 08/06/12 Jacksonville, Duval County: Four new cases of WNV bring this year’s total to five human cases of the mosquito-borne illness in Jacksonville. The Duval County Health Department says the most recent cases involve 35 and 52-year-old males and 41 and 54 year-old females. WOKV is told by the DCHD that three have been treated and released from the hospital.  The fourth is expected to be released today or tomorrow. – See

Georgia 08/07/12 Sandy Springs, Fulton County: Health officials confirm a mosquito sample found in Wills Park has tested positive for WNV. The Georgia Division of Public Health notified the department that mosquito samples in six Fulton County communities have tested positive for the West Nile Virus. – See

New Jersey 08/07/12 Morris County: A health official confirmed the county has discovered 35 pools of WNV infected mosquitoes, which is slightly more than in most previous years. – See

New Mexico 08/07/12 Bernalillo County: The department of health confirms that a 63-year-old man has been diagnosed with WNV. He is hospitalized with the more severe clinical form of the virus with neurological symptoms including encephalitis. This is the first human case of WNV in the state this year. – See

New York 08/07/12 Babylon, Suffolk County: Health officials confirm an adult younger than 55 is the first person on Long Island to be diagnosed with WNV this year. – See

North Dakota 08/07/12 Dickey County: State health officials announced the first human case of WNV reported in the state this year. The patient is a 50-year-old male who has been hospitalized. – See

Ohio 08/05/12: Ohio health officials are confirming the state’s second human case of WNV this year. Meanwhile, recent tests in Summit County show an increase in the number of cases of mosquitoes infected with the virus over last year. The Department of Health confirmed the virus Aug. 1 in a 48-year-old man in Cuyahoga County near Cleveland, the Associated Press reported. He was hospitalized with inflammation of the brain. An 85-year-old man was hospitalized with WNV encephalitis in Clermont County, in southwest Ohio, the state Department of Health confirmed July 27. The agency on Aug. 1 said more than 445 mosquito pools have tested positive for the virus so far this year, a jump from under 60 around this time last year. – See

Pennsylvania 08/06/12 Franklin & Lancaster counties: Two counties present first human cases of WNV in the state this year. A Franklin County woman is now recovering after being hospitalized with meningitis due to WNV, and a Lancaster County woman is recovering after contracting West Nile fever, the milder form of WNV. Due to an unprecedented level of mosquitoes carrying WNV, the Department of Health strongly urges residents to minimize their exposure to mosquitoes. – See

South Dakota 08/06/12 Hughes County: State health officials reported today that a county resident in the 80 to 89 age group has died of WNV. It is the first death related to WNV in the state since 2007. – See

Utah 08/06/12 Box Elder County: Public health officials verified the state’s first human case of WNV for 2012. The individual is between the age of 18 and 39. – See


Alabama 08/07/12 Rock Stand, Randolph County: A domestic cat that was growling and acting strangely has tested positive for rabies. – See

New Jersey 08/06/12 Upper Deerfield, Cumberland County: A raccoon found fighting with a dog in the backyard of a local residence has tested positive for rabies, according to health department staff. No people were bitten, but the resident was exposed to the raccoon’s saliva. – See

New York 08/06/12 Public health officials are looking for a person who was bitten by a cat believed to have rabies. On the morning of Aug. 1 at the Mobil gasoline station at 298 Titusville Rd. in LaGrange, a gray juvenile tabby cat with stripes was exhibiting symptoms consistent with rabies, the department notice said. After the cat bit two people, it ran off into nearby woods. Of two people bitten, one has received treatment. But the other has not, so far as health officials know. She is a woman in her early 20’s with short brown hair or a ponytail who was wearing a teal-colored shirt and khaki pants, believed to live locally. Immediate treatment for potentially rabid animal bites is critical for the individual’s health. Anyone who can help should call the Dutchess County Department of Health at 845-486-3404 weekdays or 845-431-6465 after-hours.

South Carolina 08/06/12 Simpsonville, Greenville County: A bat found inside a local home has tested positive for rabies, according to state health officials. – See|topnews|text|News&nclick_check=1

CDC Reports:

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending July 28, 2012:

Published August 3, 2012/ 61(30); ND-410-ND-423

Anaplasmosis . . . 19 . . . Alabama, Missouri, New York (17),

Babesiosis . . . 8 . . . New York (8),

Brucellosis . . . 1 . . . North Carolina,  

Ehrlichiosis . . . 9 . . . Arkansas, Florida, Missouri (2), New York, Tennessee, Virginia (3),

Giardiasis . . . 119 . . . Alabama, Alaska (2), Arkansas (2), Florida (20), Idaho, Iowa (3), Maine, Maryland (2), Michigan, Missouri (3), Nebraska (3), Nevada (2), New York (28), Ohio (13), Oregon (4), Pennsylvania (14), South Carolina (2), Virginia, Washington (14), West Virginia, Wisconsin,

Lyme Disease . . .  254. . .  Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware (9), Florida (3), Maryland (18), Nebraska (2), New York (108), Ohio (3), Pennsylvania (67), Vermont (9), Virginia (29) Washington (4)

Rabies (Animal) . . . 41. . . Alabama, Illinois (3), Kentucky, New York (13), Ohio (2), Texas (8), Vermont (2), Virginia (11),

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Confirmed) . . . 2. . . Missouri (2), 

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 34 . . . Alabama (5), Arkansas (5), Florida (4), Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri (5), New York, Ohio, Tennessee (3), Virginia (8).