Tag Archives: Alliance for Rabies Control

A cat virus discovered at the University of California-Davis in 1986 called Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) is said to be similar to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV); and an invitation to watch a CDC broadcast about the progress being made to eliminate Rabies in the 21st century.

Photo by G. Brunet. Courtesy Wikipedia Commons.

Michigan 01/12/11 candgnews.com: by Eric Czarnik – Some pet owners let their cats go outside to catch birds and vermin. But Sherman the cat likely caught something else while braving the outdoors: the feline immunodeficiency virus, or FIV.  The cat’s West Bloomfield owner, who asked not to be named, said she first learned about the dangers of FIV after noticing a puncture wound on Sherman last July.  The owner suspected that the wound came from an animal bite while Sherman was outside in a neighborhood not too far from Civic Center Drive. After she took the cat to the clinic, veterinarians took blood and learned that he had FIV.   The disease was news to the owner, who said people need to be aware that the virus is out there.

FIV is a virus similar to the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, according to Dr. Michael Redmer, staff veterinarian of the Michigan Humane Society. After a long latency period, both diseases suppress the immune system and can cause the victim to die from other illnesses.  Redmer said young cats should be tested for FIV because they can get it from their mothers during birth. A cat’s

Photo by Hannibal Poenaru. Courtesy Wikipedia Commons.

exposure to other cats’ infected saliva or blood can also pose risk.  “The only (other) confirmed way of transmission is either a blood transfusion or a bite wound from an infected animal to a negative animal,” he said.  Redmer said there are no documented cases of FIV spreading to humans, though he said it could theoretically be possible among people with severely compromised immune systems.

After Sherman was diagnosed, the prevailing belief was that the disease could have come from an earlier bite, and no one knew how much longer Sherman would live. But according to the owner, the cat’s condition worsened over the next few months, and he was put to sleep in December at the age of 12 1/2.  “It was horrible,” the owner said. “His kidneys were failing; he wasn’t even eating the last day. It was really quick.”

Oakland County Animal Control’s Sgt. Joanie Toole recommended that pet owners forbid their cats from venturing outdoors, and not just because of disease.  “We’ve got an increase in coyotes,” she said. “And (cats) can get hit by a car; they can get poisoned; and there’s no real reason why you need to let your cat out outside.”  While Toole said cats can be happy indoors all year round, owners who insist on letting them indulge their so-called wild instincts should make sure that their vaccinations are up to date.  The animal should also wear identification, either through a microchip ID or a breakaway collar that prevents the cat from getting caught on anything, she said.

For more information about the history of FIV and preventive measures, go to http://cats.about.com/cs/vaccination/a/fiv_vaccine.htm

“Rabies Elimination in the 21st Century?”

CDC Grand Rounds, January 20 at 1 pm (EST) 

Click here to watch the live broadcast of

“Rabies Elimination in the 21st Century?

 The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta, Georgia, has extended anopen invitation to wildlife professionals, veterinarians, and others who are interested in following the scientific community’s progress in the fight against Rabies to watch a live broadcast of the next session of CDC’s Public Health Grand Rounds, entitled “Rabies Elimination in the 21st Century?”

This session of Grand Rounds will address traditional and new approaches to disease prevention and control, the importance of evidence-based strategies and interventions for human prophylaxis and animal control, and will highlight current opportunities and challenges in eliminating this disease in both developed and developing countries.

Presenters (Left to Right) Dr. Charles Rupprecht, Chief, Rabies Program, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Dr Dennis Slate, National Rabies Management Coordinator, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Dr Fernando Leanes, Advisor, Veterinary Public Health Unit, Pan American Health Organization, Dr Deborah Briggs, Director, Global Alliance for Rabies Control.

Click here to watch the live broadcast of “Rabies Elimination in the 21st Century?

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Recent Human Rabies, West Nile Virus, and Eastern Equine Encephalitis Reports….

Alliance for Rabies Control

Alliance for Rabies Control

  WilliamsonDailyNews.com  08/29/09  West Virginia:  A Kanawha County health official says a woman who was bitten by a bat has tested positive for rabies. Dr. Rahul Gupta, health officer for the Kanawha-Charleston Health Department, said Thursday the woman was bitten on the arm at her home Sunday near Campbell’s Creek. Tests performed at the West Virginia Office of Laboratory Services confirmed the positive case and the woman is undergoing treatment.

 

WNV Label

 9News.com  08/29/09  Colorado:  Tests have confirmed 7 horse cases of West Nile virus in Colorado. The Colorado Department of Agriculture says the positive tests were submitted from horses examined in the north central, northeast and southeast regions of the state.  Late summer and early fall are traditionally the time of year when West Nile cases are reported in horses. Last year there was only one reported case. And the Department of Agriculture says it is difficult to predict how many cases they may see in the coming months.

Kivitv.com  08/29/09  Idaho:  West Nile virus has contributed to the death of a Twin Falls County man, according to the Idaho Health and Welfare Department. The man, identified only as “over the age of 60,” is the first Idaho resident to die from West Nile infection this year……. Statewide, seven other residents have tested positive for West Nile virus this year.

TheNewsStar.com  08/29/09  Louisiana:  The Ouachita Parish Mosquito Abatement District announced three locations in the parish recently tested positive for the West Nile virus. In a Friday release, the district said the Department of Health and Hospitals tested and confirmed the presence of the virus in samples collected near Jackson Street and the Ouachita River and near the Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo. Another positive sample was collected near Cypress Street and Warren Drive in West Monroe. The district drew the samples Aug. 19-20.

Eastern Equine Encephalitis

Eastern Equine Encephalitis

 Citizenet.com  08/28/09  Virginia:  A 28-year-old pony mare in Loudoun County has died from Eastern Equine Encephalitis, bringing the number of cases in Virginia this year to eight.  EEE, like West Nile Virus, attacks the animal’s neurological system. Unlike West Nile, it is almost invariably fatal.  Most cases of EEE are found in or near the Tidewater region of the state, said State Veterinarian Dr. Richard Wilkes. The Loudoun case is considered unusual.

SportsRadio620.com  08/27/09  Syracuse, New York:  12 additional mosquito pools have tested positive for the Eastern Equine Encephalitis virus in Oswego County. The County Health Department says 11 of the pools were collected from the Toad Harbor – Big Bay Swamp area and one came from the Town of Palermo.

TheUnionLeader.com  08/27/09  New Hampshire:  State health department officials have announced a public health threat for Eastern Equine Enchephalitis after two routine mosquito testing pools, one in Derry and one in Manchester, turned up positive results.

Two Teams Will Race to the Summit of Mt. Snowdon in Wales to Raise Funds for the Alliance for Rabies Control . . .

Mt. Snowdon, Wales, UK

Mt. Snowdon, Wales, UK

The Alliance for Rabies Control (ARC) has announced that two groups from within the Veterinary Laboratories Agency in the United Kingdom have challenged each other to climb Mt. Snowdon in observance of World Rabies Day 2009, which will be held on September 28.  Mt. Snowdon, located in Wales, is where Sir Edmund Hilary trained for his historic climb to the top of Mount Everest.  Both teams will attempt to retrace Sir Hillary’s route up Mt. Snowdon to raise funds for the ARC’s global rabies prevention program.  Each team’s progress can be followed on Twitter at https://twitter.com/worldrabiesday , and the winners will be recognized in an announcement published in the ARC Newsletter.

Mt. Snowdon rises 3,560 feet above sea level and is the highest mountain in Wales. It is located in the Snowdonia National Park, which embraces 838 square miles. Each year some 350,000 people reach the summit, some on foot and some by train, but for those who choose the more difficult routes, it can be very dangerous.  According to go4awalk.com, one of the UK’s leading walking and hiking web sites, there are 10 fatalities and about 150 serious injuries in Snowdonia each year. The summit has 200 inches of rain each year, and temperatures can drop to -4° F. in the winter.  With winds of up to 150 mph, the winter temperatures can feel more like -58° F.  Between November and April, summit buildings can be covered by ice and snow.