Tag Archives: Birds

New study IDs BIRDS that carry LYME DISEASE bacteria in CALIFORNIA ~ CHIKUNGUNYA update ~ ANNOUNCEMENT: GARC offers RABIES Educator Certificate

Golden-crowned sparrow. Photo by Dick Daniels. Wikimedia-Commons.

Golden-crowned sparrow. Photo by Dick Daniels. Wikimedia-Commons.

California 02/25/15 berkeley.edu: by Sarah Yang – Birds are more important than previously recognized as hosts for Lyme disease-causing bacteria in California, according to a new study led by UC Berkeley researchers. The findings, published today (Wednesday, Feb. 25) in the journal PLOS ONE, shine a light on an important new reservoir in the western United States for the corkscrew-shaped bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi, responsible for Lyme disease. Wood rats, western gray squirrels and other small mammals have been identified in previous studies as wildlife hosts of the Lyme disease spirochete bacterium in California, but fewer studies have looked at the role of birds as reservoirs.

Dark-eyed Junco. PD

Dark-eyed Junco. PD

“The role of birds in the maintenance of Lyme disease bacteria in California is poorly understood,” said study lead author Erica Newman, a UC Berkeley Ph.D. student in the Energy and Resources Group and the Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management. “This is the most extensive study of the role of birds in Lyme disease ecology in the western United States, and the first to consider the diversity of bird species, their behaviors and their habitats in identifying which birds are truly the most important as carriers.” Moreover, the birds in the study that were found to be important hosts of Lyme disease bacteria, such as American robins, dark-eyed juncos and golden-crowned sparrows, are coincidentally ones that are commonly found in suburban environments. – For complete article see http://newscenter.berkeley.edu/2015/02/25/birds-lyme-disease-bacteria/


index445Global 03/01/15 outbreaknewstoday.com: by Robert Herriman – The chikungunya epidemic in the Western hemisphere has increased by 3,000 cases during the past week with the new tally at 1,247,000 since the first autochthonous cases were reported on the Caribbean island of St. Martin in December 2013, 183 fatalities have been reported. Countries reporting an largest increase in cases include Puerto Rico (1,700) and El Salvador (1,383). The Dominican Republic and Colombia continue to have reported the most cumulative cases to date with 539,183 and 177,187 cases, respectively. In 2015 to date, the United States has seen 43 imported chikungunya cases from 13 states as of Feb. 24. During 2015, no locally-transmitted cases have been reported from U.S. states. In the Pacific, the French Polynesia outbreak is at more than 69,000 estimated cases since 10 October 2014, as of 25 January 2015. 728 hospitalizations, 48 severe cases, 9 fatal cases have been documented. Officials say the outbreak is decreasing. Elsewhere in the Pacific Islands, Samoa has reported 4,431 cases since 21 July 2014 as the outbreak winds down. Chikungunya outbreaks are increasing in New Caledonia (50 cases), the Cook Islands (83) and Kiribati (36). Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes such as Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. It can cause high fever, join and muscle pain, and headache. Chikungunya does not often result in death, but the joint pain may last for months or years and may become a cause of chronic pain and disability. There is no specific treatment for chikungunya infection, nor any vaccine to prevent it. Pending the development of a new vaccine, the only effective means of prevention is to protect individuals against mosquito bites. – See http://outbreaknewstoday.com/chikungunya-update-for-the-americas-and-the-pacific-islands-67012/

Author’s Note: The CDC confirmed more than 2,340 cases of Chikungunya fever imported to the United States last year, and 11 locally transmitted cases last year in Florda. – See TEXAS county preparing for CHIKUNGUNYA outbreak posted on this blog January 19, 2015.


garcThe Global Alliance for Rabies Control (GARC) is pleased to announce the launch of the first of its online education programs, the Rabies Educator Certificate (REC). This is a free web-based course for individuals such as community educators and health workers who would like to learn about rabies and how to teach others to prevent rabies and reduce deaths in their communities. The REC has been developed to help meet the need to effectively disseminate accurate, life-saving information to at-risk communities.

The course is open to anyone but aimed specifically at people who work regularly in these communities, and who are in a position to address community education on rabies. These people may be health/veterinary/community personnel who regularly visit communities, or it may be key people within the communities themselves who want to do something about rabies education.

This online course has five modules:

  • What is rabies and how do people and animals get the disease?
  • How to avoid dog bites and prevent rabies
  • Caring for animals
  • Understanding the role of a community educator in preventing dog bites and rabies
  • Communicating with people

Each module contains specific and clear information that should be applicable to all situations, regardless of geographical location and circumstances.

Participants can access the course at education.rabiesalliance.org. It is self-paced, so participants can complete it in their own time, although it should take between four and seven hours in total depending on previous knowledge and experience. For those with slow or intermittent internet access, the whole course can be downloaded and studied offline. On passing a final online assessment, participants receive a certificate of achievement and should be ready to provide life saving information to their target communities.

This is the first of GARC’s new online courses, and there are plans to provide it in other languages besides English by the end of the year.  We look forward to hearing the feedback of stakeholders and participants: please join the course at education.rabiesalliance.org and share this information with your networks. GARC is grateful to Crucell for its generous support for the development of this course. For queries or more information, please contact us here – See more at: http://rabiesalliance.org/media/news/online-course-for-rabies-educators-launched#sthash.udL5Q2tt.dpuf

Author’s Note: I asked GARC: “Will the new on-line Rabies course also cover feral cat colonies and the rabies threat they pose to local communities? You specifically mention dogs, but not cats.”

GARC’s response: ” The REC course focuses primarily on canine rabies seeing as 90% of rabies deaths in developing countries are associated with dog bite cases. The REC course does however mention the fact that any warm blooded mammal is susceptible to the disease and that any animal bite case should be treated as a potential exposure. We will be revising the course contents annually and I have noted that this is a potential focus point once we revise. Thank you for the valuable feedback. Kind regards, Andre Coetzer, Course Facilitator, GARC Education Program”

WEST NILE VIRUS kills 27 BALD EAGLES in UTAH ~ COLORADO town warns residents of MOUNTAIN LIONS ~ CHIKUNGUNYA in the CARIBBEAN poses threat to U.S. ~ Vets say research needed on LYME DISEASE in HORSES ~ RABIES reports from FLx2, & VA.

Bald Eagle. Bing free use license.

Bald Eagle. Bing free use license.

Utah 12/31/13 ctvnews.ca: by Michelle L. Price – The mystery illness that has killed 27 bald eagles in Utah this month appears to be West Nile Virus, state officials said Tuesday. The Utah Division of Wildlife Resources said in a statement that laboratory tests done on some of the first birds found indicate they died from West Nile Virus. Since Dec. 1, officials have found the birds in northern and central Utah. All were either dead or were ill and later died during treatment. The eagles displayed similar symptoms, including head tremors, signs of seizures, weakness in legs and feet and a paralysis of the bird’s wings. Beyond the 27 that have died, officials said five eagles were being treated at a wildlife rehabilitation centre Tuesday. They appeared to be responding well to treatment, officials said. Utah wildlife officials aren’t sure how the eagles caught the virus, but they suspect the birds contracted it by eating Eared Grebes that were infected with the virus and died recently.

Eared Grebe.

Eared Grebe.

West Nile Virus, which is spread by mosquitoes, usually infects eagles and other birds during warmer months. Mark Hadley, a Utah Division of Wildlife Resources spokesman, said the grebes, a duck-like aquatic bird, start arriving in Utah in October, when mosquitoes are still active. “It’s possible that those grebes got bit by mosquitoes after they got here when they arrived in the fall, and it just took a while for them to die.” The bald eagles began arriving in November and appeared to have died relatively quickly once they contracted the virus, Hadley said. About 750 to 1,200 bald eagles begin migrating to Utah each November and stay until March, officials said. During those winter months, the eagles get most of their food by eating dead animals, such as grebes.

Flock of Bald eaglesLeslie McFarlane, a wildlife disease coordinator with DWR, said in a statement that there’s still a chance a few more eagles could die, but because the migration period for grebes is almost over, it’s likely that the risk to eagles will soon drop. The birds do not pose a risk to human health but people should not handle eagles if they find them, wildlife officials said. Hadley said that in the 17 years he’s been with DWR, he has never seen this many eagles die off, particularly in such a short period of time. – See http://www.ctvnews.ca/sci-tech/west-nile-virus-caused-27-bald-eagle-deaths-in-december-utah-wildlife-officials-1.1613441

Mountain Lions:

s_mountain-lion-0002Colorado 12/27/13 Douglas County: The town of Parker may be 20 miles from the foothills, but officials sent an e-mail to residents on Thursday warning that mountain lions have been sighted inside the town limits. It cautioned residents not to walk or hike alone, and to make sure children are within sight at all times. – For additional advice see http://www.thedenverchannel.com/news/local-news/parker-issues-warning-after-mountain-lions-spotted


Follow-Up Report:

(See CHIKUNGUNYA virus spreads in the AMERICAS posted 12/15/13)

pic_chikungunyaCaribbean Islands 12/30/13 cidrap.umn.edu: by Lisa Schnirring – Health officials are reporting a sharp rise in the number of patients sickened in a chikungunya fever outbreak centered on the Caribbean island of St. Martin, which may signal an increasing risk to the US mainland. On the French part of the island, where most of the infections have been reported, the number of confirmed cases has risen from 26 to 66, according to a Dec 28 update from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). In addition, health officials from the Netherlands have confirmed the first case on the Dutch side of St. Martin (Sint Maarten), and illnesses have been detected on two other nearby islands: three on Martinique and one on Guadeloupe, according to the ECDC report. Both of those islands are south and slightly east of St. Martin. The case in Guadeloupe represents the island’s first documented local chikungunya case, which was detected because of enhanced surveillance for the disease in all French Caribbean territories, the ECDC said. The patient is co-infected with dengue serotype 4 and had not recently traveled to another area where chikungunya exists. Meanwhile, health officials in the area are investigating a slew of suspected and probable cases. They include 167 suspected cases and 14 probable cases on the French side of St. Martin, and two patients have been hospitalized. Martinique has 27 suspected cases, and on the island of St. Barthelemy, 21 suspected cases are under investigation. The outbreak represents the first known indigenous transmission of chikungunya fever in the Americas. – For complete article and precautions see http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2013/12/caribbean-chikungunya-outbreak-grows-poses-threat-us

Lyme Disease:

aaep_logoNational 12/30/13 thehorse.com: by Amy Johnson, DVM – It is hard to get a roomful of people to agree on anything, but just about every veterinarian attending the Lyme disease table topic session at the 2013 American Association of Equine Practitioners convention, held Dec. 7-11 in Nashville, Tenn., agreed that more research is needed on this disease in horses. We do know that Lyme disease is an increasingly recognized problem in people living in areas where the causative organism, Borrelia burgdorferi, is endemic. These areas include the northeast and north-central United States. We also know that Borrelia is capable of infecting horses. Despite only a handful of published case reports describing clinical signs in infected horses, many practitioners in endemic areas are convinced that they see cases of Lyme disease in horses. The most common signs in these cases are behavior changes, lethargy or poor attitude, and change in gait/lameness. Uveitis (inflammation within the eye) and neuroborreliosis (neurologic disease due to Lyme disease) are occasionally seen as well. So if a horse is showing possible signs of Lyme disease, how can it be diagnosed? vetSeveral blood tests are available that will identify antibodies against Borrelia. The presence of antibodies (in an unvaccinated horse) indicates that the horse has been infected with Borrelia at some point in its life. The pattern of antibody production might help to ascertain whether infection is acute or chronic. However, more research is needed regarding patterns of antibody production in infected horses. – For complete article see http://www.thehorse.com/articles/33123/aaep-researchers-discuss-lyme-disease-in-horses


thumbnailCA6WGA0CFlorida 12/31/13 Hamilton County: A bobcat that attacked a dog in Jennings has tested positive for rabies. A Rabies Alert has been issued within the boundaries of CR 141 North, CR 143 North, and CR 146. – See http://www.suwanneedemocrat.com/jasper/x1956145775/Health-officials-in-Hamilton-County-issue-rabies-alert

10975940 - CopyFlorida 12/30/13 Palm Beach County: Two raccoons that attacked dogs in West Palm Beach and Jupiter Farms last week have tested positive for rabies. And a third raccoon that attacked a dog near A1A in Tequesta over the weekend is presumed rabid. – See http://www.palmbeachpost.com/news/news/two-raccoons-that-attacked-dogs-in-west-palm-beach/ncYDM/

337278_koshka_kot_rebenok_ditya_devochka_kosichka_ulybka_2990x2170_(www.GdeFon.ru)Virginia 12/30/13 Prince William County: A domestic cat that appeared to be injured was picked up near Powells Landing Circle in Woodbridge on December 20th and has since tested positive for rabies. – See http://manassas.patch.com/groups/police-and-fire/p/cat-with-rabies-found-in-prince-william-county


MINNESOTA teenager attacked by WOLF ~ MISSOURI to hold public meetings to discuss CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE ~ OHIO resident hospitalized with LA CROSSE ENCEPHALITIS ~ EEE & WNV reports from CA, KY, & SD ~ RABIES reports from NY, & OH.

Photo by Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Photo by Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Minnesota 08/26/13 MN Dept of Natural Resources: Officials have confirmed that a 16-year-old boy was injured in an apparent wolf attack early Saturday morning at West Winnie Campground on Lake Winnibigoshish in the Chippewa National Forest. The boy sustained multiple puncture wounds and a laceration to his head before he was able to kick the wolf off and it ran into the woods. The boy was then transported to a hospital in Bemidji where he was treated for his wounds, none of which were determined to be life-threatening.

Chippewa_National_Forest MNStatements from other campers indicated there were other incidents at the U.S. Forest Service campground where an animal bit through tents, one resulting in the puncturing of an air mattress. Another camper indicated that he witnessed a wolf near his campsite with coloration and markings matching the description of the animal involved in the attack on the boy. On early Monday morning, an average-sized male wolf of about 75 pounds, matching the description of the wolf in the attack, was trapped and killed in the campground. The wolf is being taken to the University of Minnesota veterinary diagnostic lab to be tested for rabies. Also, the lab will collect samples for DNA analyses and complete a thorough medical examination to determine the health of the animal. – For complete news release see http://news.dnr.state.mn.us/2013/08/26/teen-sustains-non-life-threatening-injuries-in-an-apparent-wolf-bite/#more-12908

Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD):

cwd1Missouri 08/27/13 MO Dept of Conservation: Public meetings have been scheduled around the state to provide information on deer and CWD, and to get comments about limiting the spread of the disease among captive and free-ranging deer. For more information about CWD as well as the time and place for meetings scheduled see http://mdc.mo.gov/newsroom/mdc-seeking-public-comments-protecting-missouri-deer Comments can also be posted online at http://mdc.mo.gov/hunting-trapping/deer-hunting/deer-diseases/chronic-wasting-disease/protecting-missouris-white-taile

La Crosse Encephalitis:

lacrosseOhio 0827/13 pikecountydaily.com: by Matt Lucas – A Pike County resident has been identified as having contracted La Crosse encephalitis, according to the Pike County General Health District. The resident is continuing recovery at Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, and it is hoped that the individual will make a full recovery. “We continue to remind individuals to use insect repellant (DEET), wear long sleeves and slacks, and to avoid stagnant water,” stated Wally Burden, Pike County health commissioner. “The mosquito that transmits La Crosse virus is usually found in tree holes and man-made containers. “Unlike most mosquitoes, this particular mosquito bites during the day. In addition, we would remind folks that this virus is non-contagious and spread only by mosquitoes.” – For complete article see http://www.pikecountydaily.com/news/article_1dbfcaaa-b2c9-5423-b529-e7a62de921ab.html

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

CA-Sacramento-YoloCalifornia 08/26/13 Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito & Vector Control District: Sacramento County:  2 human cases, 129 dead birds and 304 mosquito samples, 3 horses, 3 sentinel chickens have tested positive for WNV to date. Yolo County: 1 human case, 70 dead birds, 212 mosquito samples, 6 sentinel chickens have tested positive for WNV to date. – See www.FIGHTtheBITE.net

Hart_County_KYKentucky 08/26/13 Hart County: A horse, described as listless, sleep and unable to eat, that died on August 18th about 48 hours after symptoms became noticeable has tested positive for EEE. – See http://blogs.equisearch.com/horsehealth/2013/08/26/kentucky-horse-with-eastern-equine-encephalitis/

SouthDakotaDOHSouth Dakota 08/27/13 SD Dept of Health: Sixty-one human cases of WNV disease have been reported in the following counties:  Brown 13, Brookings 5, Beadle 4, Spink 4, Hughes 3, Buffalo 2, Clark 2, Codington 2, Day 2, Minnehaha 2, and 1 case in each in Brule, Butte, Charles Mix, Corson, Dewey, Edmunds, Faulk, Jones, Lincoln, Lyman, Marshall, McPherson, Meade, Mellette, Miner, Moody, Sanborn, Tripp, Turner, Walworth. – See http://doh.sd.gov/documents/diseases/infectious/WNV-update.pdf


USDA_ImageNew York 08/25/13 U.S. Dept of Agriculture: by Thomas Prohaska – More than 200,000 raccoon baits containing rabies vaccine will be distributed in Niagara and Erie counties, starting Tuesday. James J. Devald, Niagara County environmental health director, said the U.S. Department of Agriculture will be in charge of the effort, beginning with drops of the baits from low-flying planes. Helicopters also will be used in some areas until the annual program ends Sept. 4. Vaccine-laced baits will be spread by hand in Niagara Falls and nearby areas, Devald said. – For complete article with details see http://www.buffalonews.com/city-region/environment/airdrops-of-rabies-vaccine-begin-tuesday-20130825

Oral Rabies Vaccine Bait

Oral Rabies Vaccine Bait

Ohio 08/26/13 Lake County: The health district will begin its annual distribution of oral rabies vaccination bait for raccoons and skunks in northeast Ohio on Tuesday continuing through September 6th. In rural areas the bait will be distributed by plane, and in more populated areas distribution will be marked vehicles or on foot. – See http://www.lcghd.org/documents/rabiesbaiting2013.pdf

ASIAN TIGER MOSQUITO a looming threat to U.S. ~ BEAR bites NEW MEXICAN inside his ALBUQUERQUE home ~ Scientists say new VACCINE for LYME DISEASE looks promising ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS (EEE) & WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) reports from AZ, CA, CO, ID, IN, LA, ME, MA x4, MS, NE, NH, NJ, NYx2, PA, SD, TX, VT, & CANADA: ONTARIOx3 ~ RABIES reports from CO, GA, KY, VA, & WV.

Aedes albopictus mosquito, also known as the Asian tiger mosquito- Courtesy CDC.

Aedes albopictus mosquito, also known as the Asian tiger mosquito- Courtesy CDC.

National 08/09/13 webmd.com: by Alan Mozes –  (T)hough a relative newcomer to the American scene, experts now warn that (the Asian Tiger Mosquito) is starting to create a fearsome buzz, with the potential to cause havoc across the United States. So far, however, it hasn’t led to widespread disease in this country. “What we have here is an invasive daytime-feeding, disease-carrying mosquito that, since it first arrived on the East Coast in the 1980s, has been pretty aggressive in mowing down its natural competitors,” said Gabe Hamer, a clinical assistant professor in the department of entomology at Texas A&M University. “And now it’s really starting to move through the country in full force.” “That makes it, at the very least, a nuisance and an annoyance,” Hamer explained. “And at worst, a serious vector for major pathogens.”

PrintOn its Asian home turf, the mosquito is a well-known carrier of dengue fever, with West Nile fever, yellow fever, and encephalitis among the other debilitating illnesses for which it has been pegged as a transmitter. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the mosquito has so far been identified as a host for five different viruses in the United States. Two of those — encephalomyelitis and Cache Valley — can infect humans, while the others are a threat to dogs, cats, birds and other animals.

Dr. Gabe Hamer.

Dr. Gabe Hamer.

But U.S. experts are perhaps most alarmed that this mosquito potentially could become a prime North American vector for a particularly nasty joint and muscle pain illness for which there is neither a vaccine nor treatment: the Chikungunya virus. Such concerns have escalated in light of recent research, such as that funded by the U.S. National Institute for Food and Agriculture, and reported in the January issue of PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, which cautions that an imminent mosquito-driven American outbreak of the Chikungunya virus is a very real threat.

index“The ongoing invasion of the Asian tiger mosquito in the U.S.A. represents an important risk,” agreed Diego Ruiz-Moreno, a postdoctoral associate in the department of ecology and evolutionary biology at Cornell University, who led the recent study. “Mainly because of the potential for disease to spread.” Otherwise known as Aedes albopictus, the CDC notes that the Asian tiger mosquito was first spotted on the U.S. mainland in 1985.

Dr. Diego Ruiz-Moreno

Dr. Diego Ruiz-Moreno

Since that initial Houston sighting, it has spread across 26 states, moving as far north as Chicago, as far east as Pennsylvania and New Jersey, as far west as Nebraska, and across a broad swath of the South, including Florida, Georgia, South Carolina and Tennessee. And now, Hamer said, California has been added to the list. – For complete article see http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/news/20130809/asian-tiger-mosquito-could-spread-us-disease?page=2

Bear Attack:

imagesCA0TYP3UNew Mexico 08/12/13 Bernalillo County: State game officers are hunting for a bear that broke into a home in the Albuquerque foothills early Friday and bit the owner. A spokesperson said they’re also looking for an individual who has been sabotaging their efforts to trap the bear by meddling with the trap and the trap site. – See http://www.newschannel10.com/story/23116096/nm-officials-seek-saboteur-in-bear-attack-case

Lyme Disease:

lyme_disease_hidden_epidemic_poster-p228833588305763989t5wm_400Global 08/10/13 natureworldnews.com: by James A. Foley – A vaccine for Lyme disease has shown promise in clinical trials, producing substantial antibodies against the bacteria that causes the disease. Researchers at Stony Brook University, Brookhaven National Laboratory, and at Baxter International Inc., a U.S.-based healthcare 300_Stony_Brook_University_logocompany, published the results of the first half of their clinical trial in May in the journal The Lancet Infectious Diseases. In the clinical trial administered by Baxter International, the vaccine was shown to be effective against Borrelia, the causative agent of Lyme disease. Three hundred people living in Austria and Germany were given three primary immunizations and one booster immunization in a range of doses.

Dr. Benjamin Luft

Dr. Benjamin Luft

The researchers report that in all administered doses of the vaccine, the patients showed an immune response to all species of Borrelia. “The results of the clinical trial conducted by Baxter are promising because the vaccine generated a potent human immune reaction, covered the complete range of Borrelia active in the entire Northern hemisphere, and produced no major side effects,” said study co-author Dr. Benjamin Luft of Stony Brook University School of Medicine. – For complete article see http://www.natureworldnews.com/articles/3431/20130810/lyme-disease-vaccine-shows-promise-clinical-trials.htm

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

MaricopaCty_AZArizona 08/12/13 Maricopa County: Family members have confirmed that a 53-year-old Scottsdale male has been hospitalized with WNV. The father of two is unable to move, talk, or eat. – See http://www.abc15.com/dpp/news/region_northeast_valley/scottsdale/West-Nile-Virus-leaves-Valley-man-Rory-Stevenson-in-coma

MSMVCDCalifornia 08/12/13 Marin/Sonoma Mosquito & Vector Control District: Officials have confirmed that a sentinel chicken placed near Gage Lane in Novato has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.marinij.com/fairfax/ci_23847275/west-nile-virus-detected-novato-horse-owners-warned

Larimer_County.COColorado 08/09/13 coloradoan.com: by Robert Allen – A “rapid increase” this week in reported human cases of WNV in Larimer County has health officials advising people to beware of mosquitoes carrying the potentially devastating disease, according to Larimer County health department. Twelve residents have been infected, and four of them are showing symptoms such as meningitis, encephalitis and paralysis. Three people in Fort Collins and one in Loveland are showing the severe symptoms, according to the health department. – For complete article and precautions see http://www.coloradoan.com/article/20130809/NEWS01/308090024/West-Nile-virus-escalating-rapidly-12-human-infections-Larimer-County

01-01IDAHOIdaho 08/12/13 Southwest District Health: Officials have confirmed that mosquito pools have tested positive with WNV  in Adams County.  The traps were placed in both the Council and Indian Valley areas. Adams County joins Ada, Canyon, Gem, Gooding, Owyhee, Payette, Twin Falls, Valley, and Washington counties in Idaho with mosquito pools testing positive with WNV, as well as Malheur County in Oregon. Payette County has had the only two reported human cases of WNV in the state to date. – See http://www.kivitv.com/news/Mosquitoes-in-Adams-County-test-positive-for-West-Nile-Virus-219279791.html

IN-dohIndiana 08/13/13 IN State Department of Health: There has been one human case of WNV in Ripley County and one equine case in Adams County. Counties with WNV-infected mosquitoes include: Adams, Allen, Carroll, Clinton, Daviess, Delaware, DeKalb, Grant, Hamilton, Jay, Jefferson, Knox, Kosciusko, LaGrange, Lake, Marion, Marshall, Martin, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Newton, Noble, Ohio, Parke, Steuben, Sullivan, Tippecanoe, Tipton, Starke, St. Joseph, Vanderburgh, Vigo, White and Whitley. – See http://www.in.gov/activecalendar/EventList.aspx?view=EventDetails&eventidn=119373&information_id=186576&type=&syndicate=syndicate

LA-DHHLouisiana 08/13/13 LA Department of Health & Hospitals: There are seven new human cases of WNV in the state bringing the total to eight so far this year. The seven new cases include  two new neuro-invasive disease cases , with one case each reported from Calcasieu and Ouachita parishes. There are four West Nile fever cases, with one case each reported from Ascension and St. Tammany parishes and two cases from Lafayette parish. In addition, there was one asymptomatic case reported, from St. Tammany Parish. One human case from St. Tammany Parish had been reported earlier. – See http://www.dhh.louisiana.gov/assets/docs/SurveillanceReports/wnv/weekly2013/WNV_1331.pdf

York_County_MEMaine 08/13/13 York County: State health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in Alfred on July 16th have tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.pressherald.com/news/dispatches_2013-08-13.html

essex cty MAMassachusetts 08/13/13 Essex County: State health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in the northern part of Newburyport on Plum Island near the salt marshes by Old Point Road have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.newburyportnews.com/local/x389853713/West-Nile-virus-found-on-PI

essex cty MAMassachusetts 08/12/13 Essex County: The town of Saugus in coordination with the Northeast Massachusetts Mosquito Control will be target spraying in the Riverside Cemetery area due to a positive WNV mosquito sample. – See http://www.wickedlocal.com/saugus/news/x84137347/Mosquito-tests-positive-for-West-Nile-Virus-in-Saugus-target-spraying-set-for-Aug-14

essex cty MAMassachusetts 08/09/13 Essex County: Public health officials have confirmed Friday that a batch of mosquitoes trapped in Marblehead tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.wickedlocal.com/marblehead/news/x1465129371/West-Nile-virus-confirmed-in-Marblehead-mosquito-sample

plymouth cty MAMassachusetts 08/09/13 Plymouth County: Local health officials confirmed Friday that mosquitoes trapped in Rockland have tested positive for both WNV and EEE. State officials have confirmed that EEE has now been detected in three locations statewide, and WNV in 80 locations statewide so far this year. – See http://www.enterprisenews.com/topstories/x1905498734/EEE-found-in-Rockland-mosquitoes

MS_71058_121809421211160_5406251_nMississippi 08/12/13 MI State Department of Health: State officials have reported the second fatal human case of WNV, and four new human cases. The death occurred in Bolivar County on August 6th, and the new cases were reported in Forrest, Hinds, and Rankin counties. Human cases of WNV now total 12, including two deaths, so far this year. The first WNV-related fatality was reported in Montgomery County in July. – See http://themississippilink.com/2013/08/12/state-officials-report-second-west-nile-virus-death-of-2013/

NEdhhs_blueNebraska 08/09/13 NE Department of Health and Human Services: Health officials have confirmed that mosquito pools in Chase, Dawes, Dawson, Garden, Scottsbluff, Sheridan, and Webster counties have tested positive for WNV. This follows reported positive human cases in Scottsbluff & Douglas counties, and North Central, Central & Southwest Nebraska Public Health Districts. – See http://www.mccookgazette.com/story/1992825.html

Rockingham_County_NHNew Hampshire 08/13/13 Rockingham County: Town officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in two pools in Stratham have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.seacoastonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20130813/NEWS/130819930/-1/NEWSMAP

morris cty NJNew Jersey 08/11/13 Morris County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped on August 1st in Donatoni Community Park on West Main Street in Rockaway Borough have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.nj.com/morris/index.ssf/2013/08/west_nile_virus_found_in_park_rockaway_borough_says.html

ChautauquaCty_NYNew York 08/12/13 Chautauqua County: Health officials have confirmed that pools of mosquitoes trapped in Jamestown Audubon have tested positive for both EEE and WNV. As a precaution, the Audubon is closing its trails during the dawn and dusk hours, opening only from 9 a.m. – 6 p.m. Additionally, the Audubon is requiring that patrons put on insect repellent and recommends that patrons wear long pants, shoes and socks, and a long sleeved shirt when hiking at the Audubon. It is the first time mosquitoes infected with EEE have been found in the county. The rare but often deadly disease in humans can be spread by mosquitoes. All five human cases of EEE reported in the state in the last 40 years have been fatal. – See http://www.goerie.com/article/20130812/NEWS02/308129912/Mosquitoes-infected-with-Eastern-Equine-Encephalitis-found-in-Chautauqua-County-NY and http://post-journal.com/page/content.detail/id/626617/Mosquitoes-Test-Positive-For-West-Nile.html?nav=5192

oneida cty NYNew York 08/09/13 Oneida County: Health officials confirmed Friday that a horse stabled on a farm in Vernon has tested positive for WNV. The horse seems to be recovering but is still displaying residual ataxis in the hind legs.- See http://www.wktv.com/news/local/West-Nile-Virus-confirmed-in-Vernon-house–219010721.html

washington cty PAPennsylvania 08/09/13 Washington County: State officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in Carroll Township have tested positive for WNV. The county is considered at low risk for the virus, according to Pennsylvania’s West Nile Virus Control Program, but it is one of 32 counties in the state where the virus has been detected. – See http://www.observer-reporter.com/article/20130809/NEWS01/130809353/-1/news#.Ugcv3G3DK5c

SDdhSouth Dakota 08/11/13 SD Department of Health: Officials have announced that South Dakota has the highest number of human WNV cases, as well as the highest number of the more serious neuro-invasive cases, in the nation. Thirty-five human cases have been reported. In addition, 2 horses, 4 birds, and 192 mosquito pools have also tested positive for the virus. WNV has been detected in 30 of the state’s 66 counties. – See http://www.mitchellrepublic.com/node/1568687 and https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/?hl=en&shva=1#inbox/14078164bd4a77c2

HowardCty_TXTexas 08/10/13 Howard County: Health officials have confirmed the third human case of WNV reported in Big Spring so far this year has been hospitalized. As of August 6th, there have been nine human cases of WNV reported in the state. – See http://www.mywesttexas.com/top_stories/article_a372535a-0133-11e3-9130-0019bb2963f4.html

Addison_County_VT (2)Vermont 08/10/13 Addison County: Health officials said Friday mosquitoes trapped in Bond Swamp in Whiting have tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.rutlandherald.com/article/20130810/THISJUSTIN/708109912


WELLINGTONCty_ONTOntario 08/12/13 Wellington County: Public health officials have confirmed that a mosquito pool located in Erin has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.guelphmercury.com/news-story/4028894-west-nile-virus-confirmed-in-guelph-area/

MiddlesexCty-ONTOntario 08/12/13 Middlesex County: Health officials have issued a WNV Alert after finding what they believe is the first human case of the virus in the London vicinity. Three dead crows were found previously this year in London, Dorchester, and Parkhill, and an infected mosquito was trapped in London. – See http://www.theobserver.ca/2013/08/12/middlesex-london-health-unit-investigating-regions-first-possible-human-case-of-west-nile-virus

WATERLOO.Region_ONTOntario 08/12/13 Waterloo Region: Public health officials have confirmed that a pool of mosquitoes located in Cambridge has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.therecord.com/news-story/4028785-west-nile-virus-in-region-public-health-authorities-warn/


GA_Gray_Fox_6869Colorado 08/10/13 El Paso County: Health officials have confirmed a fox that attacked a man in southwest Colorado Springs a couple of miles from the Cheyenne Mountain Zoo on August 3rd has tested positive for rabies. Two weeks ago, another fox that was hit by a car a half mile away also tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.timesunion.com/news/science/article/Rabid-fox-attacks-man-in-SW-Colorado-Springs-4722990.php

313752899_7cc4afc361Georgia 08/12/13 Chatham County: Health officials have confirmed a raccoon that fought with a vaccinated dog in the Fort argyle Road area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wsav.com/story/23110411/raccoon-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-chatham-county

batPosterKentucky 08/09/13 Jefferson County: Health officials in Louisville have identified nine children who need treatment for potential exposure to rabies after a bat tested positive for the virus. It was reported some of the children carried the bat in a box, and others may have been playing with or near the bat. Anyone who may have been in contact with the bat should seek immediate medical advice. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/90913d3c081e4a78a353d87b86337ad7/KY–Rabid-Bat

striped_skunkVirginia 08/12/13 Wythe County: A skunk that had confirmed contact with a dog in the Sage Road section of Rural Retreat has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.tricities.com/swvatoday/news/wytheville/article_e4a31238-0381-11e3-90ac-0019bb30f31a.html

raccoon photo odhWest Virginia 08/12/13 WV Department of Health & Human Services: The state’s annual oral rabies vaccine program will begin around August 26th and continue through early- to mid-September. The vaccine bait packets will be hand distributed or air dropped in a target area that covers a wide corridor through the central part of the state, extending from the northern panhandle to the southern coalfields. Residents are asked to leave baits alone and to keep pets confined or on a leash during the baiting period and up to five days after baiting. This gives raccoons the opportunity to locate and eat the baits. In particular, dogs are attracted to the baits and will occasionally eat them. The baits are not harmful to pets. Do not try to take baits away from your pet, as you may get bitten. – See more at: http://www.fayettetribune.com/local/x738622706/Rabies-vaccine-to-be-dropped-in-coming-weeks#sthash.CsWf84OH.dpuf

CANADA: Mineral camp worker in YUKON survives GRIZLY attack ~ Second HORSE in MASSACHUSETTS contracts EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS (EEE) ~ WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) reports from CA, ID, IL, KS, MAx4, NE, NC, RI, SC, VT, VA, WA, WI, & WY ~ RABIES reports from AL, FL, GA, MO, NJ, & PA.

Grizzly. Photo by Rennell Stowe. Wikimedia Commons.

Grizzly. Photo by Rennell Stowe. Wikimedia Commons.


Yukon 08/09/13 cbc.ca: A worker in a remote bush camp has walked away with fairly minor injuries after an encounter with a female grizzly bear Thursday. The incident happened at a fly-in mineral exploration camp near Wolf Lake about 60 kilometres north of Swift River in the southern Yukon. Ryan Hennings, a Yukon government conservation officer, said the two-woman crew had observed a sow and two cubs almost three weeks earlier but they’d seen nothing since until the incident late Thursday morning. Hennings said it was a surprise encounter for both the woman and the bear, which began when she heard her dog bark to alert her. The bear was about 20 metres away when it charged her, and she tried to pulled her backpack over her head to protect her neck and skull. “As she was pulling the backpack over her head, the bear swiped at her and caught her in the arm and she’s got two large claw wounds, like deep scratches, in her arm and a third one in the back of her elbow,” he said. “So she was knocked to the ground. The bear kind of hoofed and hawed for a really brief second and then turned around and left.” The bear gathered her cubs and vanished.

ca_yukon_watsonlakeHennings said the worker’s partner was on an opposite slope and witnessed the brief encounter, before running to help. They called their employer via satellite phone. Company officials and conservation officers then flew in by helicopter. The injured worker received treatment at Whitehorse General Hospital. Hennings said there’s no risk to the public and the bear will be left alone. – See http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/story/2013/08/09/north-grizzly-bear-attack-yukon.html

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

horse-vacinnation_0Massachusetts 08/07/13 Hampshire County: State health officials have confirmed that a second horse in Belchertown has tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/2013/08/07/mass-horse-found-with-eee-precautions-urged/rjLZo17SW0Bgx7DorC2DpM/story.html

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Orange Cty CACalifornia 08/07/13 Orange County: Health officials have confirmed that a Cypress woman in her 60s tested positive for WNV. She is the first person in the county to contract the virus this year. – See http://www.myfoxla.com/story/23070020/west-nile-virus-spreads-in-las-south-bay-first-oc-case-reported

Gem cty IDIdaho 08/07/13 Gem County: Mosquitoes collected in traps during routine surveillance within the Gem County Mosquito Abatement District (GCMAD) have tested positive for the WNV according to Jason Kinley, Director of GCMAD. – See http://www.kivitv.com/news/local/West-Nile-virus-found-in-Gem-County-218749671.html

Kane cty IL (2)Illinois 08/09/13 Kane County: State public health officials have confirmed that a batch of mosquitoes collected near Algonquin have tested positive for WNV. This is t he first evidence of WNV activity in the county this year. – See http://elburnherald.com/30882/2013/08/09/west-nile-virus-activity-reported-in-kc/

KDHE-logo1Kansas 08/08/13 KS Department of Health: State health officials have confirmed the first human case of WNV in the state has been diagnosed in an adult residing in Atchison County. Also, the first mosquito in the state to test positive for WNV was trapped in Sedgwick County. – See http://www.gbtribune.com/section/1/article/57520/

bristol cty MA (2)Massachusetts 08/08/13 Bristol County: State public health officials announced today that mosquitoes collected in Easton on August 1st have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.wickedlocal.com/easton/features/x1465129036/West-Nile-virus-confirmed-in-mosquitoes-in-Easton

middlesex cty MAMassachusetts 08/08/13 Middlesex County: Health officials announced Thursday that mosquitoes collected in Cambridge and Newton have tested positive for WNV. A few weeks ago, the virus was detected in mosquitoes trapped in Belmont. – See http://belmont.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/additional-west-nile-virusinfected-mosquitos-found-in-neighboring-cambridge

080722_west_nile_generic (2)Massachusetts 08/08/13 Middlesex County: A public health officials announced Thursday that a mosquito trapped in Tewksbury has tested positive for WNV. – See http://homenewshere.com/tewksbury_town_crier/news/article_a1e8dbaa-003c-11e3-b13a-001a4bcf887a.html

imagesCABASWWI-001Massachusetts 08/07/13 tauntongazette.com: by Amy Carboneau – The number of mosquito pools that have tested positive for WNV is up to 64 statewide, which include recent findings in Raynham, Easton and Lakeville. . . . In the greater Brockton area, WNV has now been found in Abington, Brockton, Easton, Hanover, Lakeville, Randolph, Raynham, Rockland, West Bridgewater, Whitman. – See http://www.tauntongazette.com/newsnow/x1676645466/West-Nile-virus-found-in-Raynham

Hall_County_NENebraska 08/06/13 Hall County: Health officials have confirmed that a mosquito trapped in Grand Island on Monday has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.theindependent.com/news/local/west-nile-virus-detected-in-hall-county/article_c7709c80-fed6-11e2-bf3b-0019bb2963f4.html?mode=story

alamance cty.NCNorth Carolina 08/08/13 Alamance County: Public health officials have confirmed a raccoon that fought with two unvaccinated dogs on Parker Street in Graham has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.thetimesnews.com/news/top-news/county-s-fifth-rabies-case-reported-1.183833

providence cty RIRhode Island 08/07/13 Providence County: State officials announced Wednesday that mosquitoes trapped on July 29th in the Smith Hill area of the city of Providence have tested positive for WNV. – http://www.turnto10.com/story/23070380/west-nile-detected-in-providence-mosquitoes

Addison_County_VT (2)Vermont 08/09/13 Addison County: State health officials have confirmed that two more pools of mosquitoes collected on July 26th in Whiting and Leicester have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.sfgate.com/news/article/West-Nile-virus-found-in-more-Vt-mosquitoes-4719914.php

fairchild_signWashington 08/09/13 Spokane County: Health officials have confirmed that a mosquito trapped at Fairfield Air Force Base has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.ksn.com/2013/08/09/west-nile-virus-detected-at-fairchild-afb/

Menominee_County.WIWisconsin 08/07/13 Menominee County: Health officials have confirmed that a dead crow found on July 29th in Keshena on the Menominee Reservation has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.shawanoleader.com/main.asp?SectionID=2&SubSectionID=27&ArticleID=35768

Fremont_County.WYWyoming 08/07/13 Fremont County: A female resident of the county has been diagnosed as the second human case of WNV reported in the state this year. – See http://dailyranger.com/story.php?story_id=8564


ala-department-of-public-healthAlabama 08/07/13 AL Department of Public Health: This year, 21 cases of rabies have been reported to the USDA Wildlife Services from Chilton, Jefferson, Shelby and St. Clair counties. Two of those cases have been from domestic animals; a dog in the Columbiana area of Shelby County and a cat in the Leeds area of Jefferson County. The virus has been reported often east of the Coosa River for years, but more rabid raccoons are being reported on the west side now.– See http://www.alabamas13.com/story/23077490/cases-of-rabies-have-risen-in-the-greater-birmingham-area

Florida-Department-of-Health-LOGO1-e1293997049361-300x115Florida 08/07/13 FL Department of Health: The counties with the most cases of rabies between 1997 and July 2013 are: Marion at 216, Polk at 184, Palm Beach at 165, Alachua at 164 and Orange at 149. The counties with the least are Wakulla, DeSoto, Liberty, Glades and Gadsden with only eight total cases. – See http://www.wuft.org/news/2013/08/07/here-are-florida-counties-with-the-most-rabies-cases-since-1997/

raccoon_lgGeorgia 08/07/13 Hall County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert for the county’s northern Arbor Road area after a raccoon tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.gainesvilletimes.com/section/6/article/87036/

crittersMissouri 08/07/13 Jefferson County: Health officials have issued a Rabies Warning in the county because the number of animals testing positive this year has increased. Most of these are wild, such as bats and skunks, but three dogs, one cat, and one horse have also tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.ksdk.com/news/article/391746/3/Jefferson-Co-health-officials-issue-rabies-warning

6735_Pip%20Bat%20Chris%20Shields%20(rspb-images_com)New Jersey 08/07/13 Atlantic County: Public health officials have confirmed that a bat found in the 500 block of Bainbridge Avenue in Hamilton Township has tested positive for rabies. The dog1property owner reported finding her vaccinated dog with the live bat in its mouth. This is the fifth confirmed case of rabies in the county so far this year. – See http://www.shorenewstoday.com/snt/news/index.php/regional/atlantic-county/42474-atlantic-county-reports-fifth-rabies-case-in-hamilton-township-bat.html

Rabies vaccine fishmeal bait packets.

Rabies vaccine fishmeal bait packets.

Pennsylvania 08/07/13 Allegheny County: Health officials have announced that the annual raccoon rabies vaccine baiting program will be conducted August 12-16. The baits, specially made for raccoons and laced with rabies vaccine, are small plastic packets coated with fishmeal or one-square-inch blocks of compressed fishmeal. Health Department workers, wearing T-shirts and driving vehicles marked to identify them as part of the “Rabies Control Team,” will distribute about 230,000 baits by hand in all municipalities on foot and from vehicles. The public is asked to keep their pets on a leash, indoors or confined to their property as much as possible during the next two weeks, because while the baits are not harmful to pets, health officials don’t want them to find and eat the baits instead of raccoons. –For complete press release see http://www.achd.net/pr/pubs/2013release/080713_bait.html

0714Raccoon_Procyon_lotor_4South Carolina 08/08/13 Charleston County: Five adults in the Hollywood area are being treated for potential exposure to rabies after being exposed to a raccoon that tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.abcnews4.com/story/23085965/five-adults-being-treated-for-rab

2531896582_b854ccc1a8Virginia 08/08/13 Russell County: Health officials confirm that a fox found in the county on July 31st has tested positive for rabies. This is the fifth rabid animal found in the county this year. – See http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/rabies-confirmed-in-fox-in-russell-county-5th-rabid-animal-in-the-southwest-va-county-in-13/2013/08/08/9b0d57be-fff8-11e2-8294-0ee5075b840d_story.htmlies-in-charleston-co

CANADA: DOG dies after saving his OWNER from an attacking BLACK BEAR ~ CONNECTICUT recalls SHELLFISH harvested from the SOUND ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS (EEE) & WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) reports from AZ, CAx3, CT, LA, MAx4, NE, ND, PAx4, SD, VA, WIx3, & WY ~ RABIES reports from FL, ME, & NC.


Black bear. Photo by Ohio Department of Natural Resources.

Black bear. Photo by Ohio Department of Natural Resources.


Ontario 08/05/13 cbc.ca: A 42-year-old Thunder Bay, Ont., man has his schnauzer to thank after surviving a black bear attack at a provincial park in northwestern Ontario. The man, who has been released from hospital, was attacked Saturday afternoon by a mature black bear while he was camping at Sand Bar Provincial Park. The dog died following the ordeal. Ontario Provincial Police in Ignace said the man was on a walk with his two dogs and taking a break near the water when he was attacked from behind by the bear. The man got away by running into the water, where he waited until the bear eventually went away. He later attempted to walk back to his camp site, but the bear came back and attacked him again, police said. One of the dogs, a schnauzer, attempted to fend off the bear, allowing the man to get away. He ran to the park ranger station, where he was treated for non-life-threatening injuries and transported to Dryden Regional Health Centre.

NoON-TCHThe bear was shot at by park officials and was later caught in a live trap. Ministry of Natural Resources conservation officers, along with the K9 unit, helped to track the bear. The bear has since been destroyed, the MNR reports, and has been sent to Guelph to be tested for rabies and to check its stomach contents to confirm it was the bear from the attack. – See http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/thunder-bay/story/2013/08/05/tby-police-bear-opp-attack-dogs-sand-bar-provincial-park.html

Author’s Note: According to a cbc.ca report posted on August 7, 2013, Spyro, the Miniature Schnauzer that the hiker said saved his life, has since died of his injuries. – For photos and complete article see http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/thunder-bay/story/2013/08/07/tby-bear-attack-victim-mourns-dog-who-saved-his-life.html

Shellfish Recall:

4803789Connecticut 08/05/13 online.wsj.com: Warm water in Long Island Sound is being blamed for naturally occurring bacteria that sickened at least five people who ate oysters, clams and other shellfish from shallow areas near Norwalk and Westport. State agriculture officials on Monday announced a first-ever recall of shellfish and the shutting of most shellfish harvest locations due to naturally occurring bacteria. The agency has acted before due to pollution from storm water runoff or similar reasons. David Carey, director of the agency’s Bureau of Aquaculture, said the extreme heat in mid-July is partly to blame for the warm water in shallow areas of the Sound. The state shut shellfish harvesting areas in Norwalk and Westport until September, when the water is expected to cool down. Areas outside the nearby Long Island Sound islands that are deeper than 20 feet remain open because water at that depth is cooler than in shallow areas. Shellfish beds in southeastern Connecticut also are not affected because the Long Island Sound there is cooler due to its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and potentially swifter current. Shellfish affected by the recall include hard clams and oysters harvested between July 3 and Friday. If ingested, the bacteria known as Vibrio parahaemolyticus can cause acute stomach illness. – See http://online.wsj.com/article/AP187c3ca6150a467e8151ead1e135a160.html

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Yavapai Cty AZArizona 08/06/13 Yavapai County: Environmental health professionals have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in the Tavasci Marsh area between Cottonwood and Clarkdale have tested positive for WNV. – See http://verdenews.com/main.asp?SectionID=1&SubSectionID=1&ArticleID=55546

Riverside Cty CACalifornia 08/05/13 Riverside County: Health officials announced on Monday that mosquitoes trapped in Palm Springs have tested positive for WNV for the first time this year. The mosquitoes were trapped near East Vista Chino and North Palm Canyon Drive, according to the Coachella Valley Mosquito and Vector Control District Mosquitoes from 11 other traps on the north and middle shores of the Salton Sea also tested positive, raising this year’s total of positive mosquito samples in the Coachella Valley to 14. – See http://palmdesert.patch.com/groups/health/p/west-nile-virus-detected-in-ps-mosquitoes

CA-Sacramento-YoloCalifornia 08/05/13 Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito & Vector Control District: 2013 WNV activity update: Sacramento County:  2 humans, 78 dead birds and 213 mosquito samples, 1 horse, 2 chickens have tested positive for WNV to date. Yolo County: 1 human, 47 dead birds, 145 mosquito samples, 3 chickens have tested positive for WNV to date. – See https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/?hl=en&shva=1#inbox/1405054114a9a640

Los Angeles Cty CACalifornia 08/05/13 Los Angeles County: Health officials announced on Monday that the Madrona Marsh Preserve in Torrance was closed because of concerns about mosquitoes that have tested positive for WNV. This season, the South Bay has been a hot spot for West Nile virus activity, with numerous dead crows in Rolling Hills Estates, Rancho Palos Verdes, Torrance and Redondo Beach, among other cities, testing positive for the virus. – See http://palosverdes.patch.com/groups/health/p/west-nile-virus-concerns-force-madrona-marsh-closure

Butte Cty CACalifornia 08/05/13 Butte County: Health officials have confirmed that at least four dead birds and 13 mosquito pools tested positive for WNV last week. All of the birds were found in the Chico area while the infected mosquito pools were found in the Chico and Honcut areas. – See http://www.knvn.com/mostpopular/story/West-Nile-Virus-Now-Widespread-throughout-Shasta/w13FlDhPqEinFX3z4Sm2PQ.cspx

CT.DPH-Connecticut 08/05/13 CT Department of Public Health: The State Mosquito Management Program today announced mosquitoes testing positive for WNV have been identified in twelve towns so far this season. The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station trapped the positive mosquitoes in Bridgeport, East Haven, Fairfield, Glastonbury, Greenwich, Manchester, New Haven, Norwalk, Plainfield, Stamford, Stratford, and Westport. – See https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/?hl=en&shva=1#inbox/1405521becaacf2f

St. Martins Parish.LALouisiana 08/06/13 St. Martin Parish: Cajun Mosquito Control officials have confirmed that a sentinel chicken and a mosquito pool, both located in Breaux Bridge, have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.techetoday.com/view/full_story/23290192/article-West-Nile-virus-in-St–Martin-Parish?instance=home_news_lead

plymouth cty MAMassachusetts 08/07/13 Plymouth County: State health officials have announced that mosquitoes trapped in Mattapoisett, Lakeville, and Freetown have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.southcoasttoday.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20130807/NEWS/308070331/-1/NEWS

middlesex cty MAMassachusetts 08/06/13 Middlesex County: State health officials announced that a mosquito infected with WNV was found in Needham. Other Middlesex County communities where WNV infected mosquitoes have been found include Belmont, Burlington, Waltham, Watertown, Reading, Wakefield and Melrose. – See http://www.boston.com/yourtown/news/needham/2013/08/west_nile_virus_found_in_needham_mosquito.html

suffolk cty MAMassachusetts 08/05/13 Suffolk County: Boston’s WNV threat level has been raised to moderate. Health officials announced on Monday that mosquitoes trapped in Jamaica Plain and Hyde Park late last month tested positive for the virus, and because the numbers have doubled. – See http://charlestown.patch.com/groups/around-the-city/p/west-nile-virus-threat-level-raised-in-boston_87071c5f

norfolk cty MAMassachusetts 08/05/13 Norfolk County: Public health officials have raised the WNV risk level from low to moderate after mosquitoes infected with the virus were found in areas directly adjacent to the city. – See http://www.wickedlocal.com/brookline/news/x1383327964/Health-Department-West-Nile-virus-likely-in-Brookline

Hall_County_NENebraska 08/06/13 Hall County: Central District health officials have confirmed that a mosquito pool in the county has tested positive for WNV. This is the first pool testing positive for the virus in the county so far this year. – See http://www.nebraska.tv/story/23059479/west-nile-virus-confirmed-in-hall-county-mosquito-pool

ND DOHNorth Dakota 08/06/13 ND Department of Health: State officials have confirmed the first human case of WNV so far this year in Grand Forks County. Cass, Grant, Stutsman, and Richland (2) counties have also reported human cases of WNV this year. – See http://www.grandforksherald.com/event/article/id/270139/

centre county.PAPennsylvania 08/06/13 Centre County: Vector control officials have confirmed three mosquitoes trapped in the Snow Shoe Township area have tested positive for WNV. Another WNV infected mosquito was found in Spring Township. – See http://www.centredaily.com/2013/08/06/3724121/west-nile-virus-threat-spurs-mosquito.html

Cumberland_County_PAPennsylvania 08/05/13 Cumberland County: Officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in Hampden Township on July 22nd have tested positive for WNV. Since then, infected mosquitoes have been found in North Middleton Township, the Borough of Carlisle, and Upper Allen Township. – See http://cumberlink.com/news/local/west-nile-virus-reported-in-cumberland-county/article_a4d70d5c-fe23-11e2-a887-0019bb2963f4.html

lehigh cty PAPennsylvania 08/06/13 Lehigh County: State officials reported Monday that a mosquito trapped in North Whitehall Township has tested positive for WNV. Other positive samples have been found in Allentown, Bethlehem, and the townships of Salisbury and Lower Macungie. – See http://www.lehighvalleylive.com/lehigh-county/index.ssf/2013/08/west_nile_virus_found_in_north.html

Chester_County_PAPennsylvania 08/04/13 Chester County: Health officials announced on Friday that mosquito traps collected in Birmingham, Schuylkill, Thornbury, Upper Uwchian, and Uwchian townships tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.pottsmerc.com/article/20130804/NEWS01/130809704/west-nile-virus-found-in-mosquitoes-in-tricounty-area

SD_mailSouth Dakota 08/06/13 SD Department of Health: WNV Update: 21 human cases of WNV disease have been reported; Animals:  2 horses, 1 bird and 729 WNV positive mosquito pools; Counties with WNV detections (human or animal) Brookings, Brown, Buffalo, Codington, Davison, Dewey, Edmunds, Faulk, Hand, Hughes, Jackson, Jones, Lincoln, Marshall, Meade, Minnehaha, Pennington, Sanborn, Spink, Tripp, Union and Walworth.  These 22 counties are home to 66% of the state’s population. – See http://doh.sd.gov/documents/diseases/infectious/WNVupdate.pdf    

z-suffolk_vaVirginia 08/05/13 Suffolk: Public works officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in the city have tested positive for both EEE and WNV. Mosquitoes that tested positive for EEE were found in the Lake Kennedy, Suburban Woods, Regency Estates, Wonderland Forest, Rivercliff, Arbor Meadows, Dayle Acres, Pughsville, Bennett’s Harbor, Kilby Shores, Kempton Park, Pitchkettle Point, Princeview Point, and Olde Mill Creek neighborhoods. Officials also found infected mosquitoes in neighborhoods around Lamb Avenue, Hosier Road, Clay Hill Road, Leesville, and Whaleyville, according to the release. Officials also found mosquitoes that tested positive for the WNV in the Lake Kennedy neighborhood. – See http://www.dailypress.com/news/southside/dp-suffolk-mosquitoes-0805,0,5811213.story

ashland cty.WIWisconsin 08/07/13 Ashland County: Health officials have confirmed that a dead crow found in the city of Ashland on July 25th has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.pricecountydaily.com/news/regional/article_1f4b6306-ff7a-11e2-b961-0019bb2963f4.html

Juneau_County.WIWisconsin 08/06/13 Juneau County: Health officials reported on Monday that a dead blue jay found in the county on July 23rd has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.wiscnews.com/juneaucountystartimes/news/article_586ca7de-fee5-11e2-a2bf-0019bb2963f4.html

waukesha cty.WIWisconsin 08/05/13 Waukesha County: Health officials have confirmed that a crow found in Lisbon has tested positive for WNV. – For precautions and other information see http://menomoneefalls.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/west-nile-virus-confirmed-in-lisbon

Teton_County.WYWyoming 08/05/13 Teton County: Authorities have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in the Jackson Hole area have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.eastidahonews.com/2013/08/west-nile-virus-found-in-wyoming/


baby-skunk5b5j - CopyFlorida 08/05/13 Lafayette County: The Department of Health is requesting residents’ assistance in locating people who may have been exposed to one of six potentially rabid baby skunks, known to be in the county during the last few months. Two of the baby skunks recently died, with one testing positive for rabies. The remaining four baby skunks are still unaccounted for. “It’s very important we locate people who may have acquired these baby skunks, so they can receive the appropriate treatment if they may have been exposed to rabies,” said Pamela Blackmon, Administrator, Florida Department of Health in Lafayette County. Contact Michael Mitchell or Cindy Morgan at the Florida Department of Health in Lafayette County at 386-294-1321 or 386-362-2708 if you may have been exposed.  For more information, visit http://www.doh.state.fl.us/environment/medicine/rabies/rabies-index.html. – See more at: http://suwanneedemocrat.com/mayo/x738618446/Health-officials-in-Lafayette-County-issue-rabies-alert#sthash.De3Bk71M.dpuf

imagesMaine 07/31/13 Cumberland County: Health officials have confirmed a fox that attacked five people in South Portland has tested positive for rabies. The fox jumped into the cab of a customer’s pickup truck in the Home Depot parking lot and bit him on the arm. It later attacked a jogger, bit a man and woman who were camping, and chased another man into an office building where the animal was trapped. – See http://www.boston.com/news/local/maine/2013/07/31/maine-confirms-fox-that-attacked-five-was-rabid/PIR4wl7uJqglW8LhKymg0J/story.html

batwarningNorth Carolina 08/06/13 Wake and Chatham counties: A bat found in an apartment on Hampton Lee Court in Cary has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wral.com/second-case-of-rabies-reported-in-cary/12746486/

FLORIDA toddler attacked by RABID FERAL CAT ~ Other RABIES reports from AL, CA, CO, FLx2, MA, NE, ND, & WI ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS (EEE) & WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) reports from CAx4, CO, CT, FL, GA, IL, MAx3, NE, NYx2, OK, PAx2, WI, & WY ~ TRAVEL WARNING: HONDURAS declares state-of-emergency due to DENGUE FEVER epidemic.

Feral cat in trap. Not related to article about Northdale stray cats. Courtesy U.S. Defense Department.

Feral cat in trap. Not related to article about Northdale stray cats. Courtesy U.S. Defense Department.

Florida 08/04/13 Hillsborough County: by Anthony Miller – If you find yourself walking down Sand Lake Court in the Northdale section of Hillsborough County it doesn’t take you very long to see a cat or two roaming around. They appear to be all over the place. July 26 a cat apparently attacked a toddler, latching on to her in the front yard of her grandmother’s home on Sand Lake. She’s going to be okay but it was determined that cat was rabid.  It has been caught, but that doesn’t mean the neighborhood isn’t on edge. “That’s very concerning because I have a little girl and she loves cats and she loves animals,” said Doug Moore who lives down the street from where the attack took place. That attack means Moore will keep a closer eye out for cats. “I think I’m more mindful of where the cats are in our yard,” said Moore. It also caused Hillsborough County to take action. They dropped off packets warning people that an animal tested positive for rabies. They also put out traps in the neighborhood to allow concerned neighbors to bring in any animals they thought posed a threat.

13620The attack has caused a bit of a controversy on this quiet street. Over the years two families have taken in stray cats in the neighborhood. “They had them tested and vaccinated and neutered and spayed. They decided to do the right thing for the community and for the animals,” said a neighbor who asked not to be identified. Some in the area blame them, believing the cat that attacked the girl was part of their group. The neighbor says the county determined that wasn’t the case. “It was not a member of the catch and release colony here on our street,” said the neighbor. Either way most are hoping this was an isolated incident. – See http://www.myfoxtampabay.com/story/23043114/2013/08/04/rabies-alert-in-northdale-neighborhood

Other RABIES reports:

ala-department-of-public-healthAlabama 08/01/13 Alabama Department of Public Health: Officials have reported 21 cases of rabies since January in Shelby, St. Clair, and Chilton counties. Eighteen were raccoons, and the others were a dog, a cat, and a fox. Fifteen of the cases were in Columbiana and surrounding areas, four were in the Leeds and Moody area, and two were in Clanton. – See http://www.cbs42.com/2013/08/01/amount-of-rabies-cases-on-the-rise-in-central-alabama/

lkv-bats7California 07/31/13 Yolo County: Eight of 12 dead bats recently found under the Covell Boulevard overpass in Davis have tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.modbee.com/2013/07/31/2836536/eight-of-12-bats-found-dead-in.html

fox21546Colorado 08/01/13 El Paso County: A fox that was hit by a car and found west of I-25 near High Lake View, in Colorado Springs near the Cheyenne Mountain Zoo, has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.koaa.com/news/rabies-found-west-of-i-25-in-el-paso-county/

1426663Florida 08/02/13 Palm Beach County: A raccoon that attacked a dog on July 31st in west Lake Worth has tested positive for rabies. Officials have issued a Rabies Alert for an area west of US 441-SR7 between Lantana and Lake Worth road. – See http://www.wptv.com/dpp/news/region_c_palm_beach_county/lake_worth/rabies-raccoon-in-lake-worth-tests-positive-for-rabies-after-attacking-labrador

506px-Raccoon_(Procyon_lotor)_1_Darkone_WCFlorida 07/28/13 Marion County: Public health officials have issued a second Rabies Alert for an area just west of the Ocala city limits after a raccoon found on July 24th tested positive for the virus. – For complete article with alert boundaries see http://www.hammillpost.com/2013/07/second-rabies-alert-issued-for-marion-county-in-july/#

World+News+10-1Massachusetts 08/02/13 Hampden County: A skunk that bit a woman’s foot at Six Flags New England in Agawam on July 31 has tested positive for rabies. At the time of the incident, the woman said the skunk that bit her was one of three in a group. Anyone who had contact with a skunk at the park between July 21 and July 31 is urged to seek immediate medical advice. – See http://www.necn.com/08/02/13/Rabies-concerns-after-skunk-bites-person/landing.html?blockID=848373&feedID=11106

KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERANebraska 08/02/13 Hitchcock County: A calf reported by a veterinarian in McCook tested positive for rabies on July 24th. This is the first confirmed case of rabies in the area in 2013, according to the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services. Nebraska HHS have confirmed 28 cases of rabies in Nebraska for 2013, with 10 skunks, six bovines, one llama, one horse, one dog, 3 three cats and four bats. – See http://www.mccookgazette.com/story/1990992.html

8942410_448x252North Dakota 08/01/13 Stutsman County: A kitten found near Montpelier that bit a woman last Saturday later died but was too decomposed for testing when the incident was reported. The woman is being treated for potential exposure to rabies as a precaution. – See http://www.jamestownsun.com/event/article/id/192090/

320x240Wisconsin 08/02/13 Fond Du Lac County: A bat found in an enclosure with two vaccinated dogs Tuesday in the city of Fond Du Lac has tested positive for rabies. The owner of the dogs is Jeanna Giese, the first person known to survive rabies without a vaccine after being bitten by a rabid bat in 2004. – See http://lacrossetribune.com/news/local/state-and-regional/rabies-survivor-has-second-brush-with-disease/article_a5d27138-fb8a-11e2-a5fd-0019bb2963f4.html

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

LAcountyVectorControl.CACalifornia 08/03/13 Los Angeles County Vector Control District: by Jason Kandel – Thirty-seven more mosquitoes and nine dead birds with WNV were found in Los Angeles County, from the western San Fernando Valley to the South Bay, health officials said. The news came a day after county officials confirmed the area’s first human death from WNV this year — a 78-year-old Carson man whose family said he died from the virus Tuesday. Mosquito samples with the virus were detected from Canoga Park in the western end of the valley through Van Nuys and Arleta to Sunland at the east end, officials at the Los Angeles County Vector Control District said. In the Los Angeles Basin, infected mosquitoes were found in a wide swath from Long Beach north through Signal Hill, Downey, Cerritos, Santa Fe Springs and Norwalk, then north into the San Gabriel Valley cities of Hacienda Heights and South El Monte. Dead birds with the virus were found in San Pedro, Downey, Tarzana and Long Beach. – See http://www.nbclosangeles.com/news/local/West-Nile-Virus-Found-More-Mosquitoes-Birds-218229731.html

Riverside Cty CACalifornia 08/02/13 Riverside County: A 60-year-old woman is the first confirmed human case of WNV in the county so far this year. The woman was hospitalized but is now recovering at home. – See http://abclocal.go.com/kabc/story?section=news/local/inland_empire&id=9193996

Solano_County.CACalifornia 08/02/13 Solano County: A Fairfield man in his 60s is the first confirmed human case of WNV in the county so far this year. – See http://www.timesheraldonline.com/news/ci_23782687/first-west-nile-virus-case-year-identified-solano

contra costa county CACalifornia 08/01/13 Contra Costa County: Officials have announced that eight more dead birds found across the county on Aug. 1st have tested positive for WNV. The birds, two Western scrub-jays and six American crows, were found in Danville, Antioch, Concord, Pittsburg, Brentwood and Walnut Creek. – See http://danville.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/dead-bird-with-west-nile-virus-found-in-danville

CO-CDPHE_logoColorado 08/03/13 Larimer and Delta counties: State health officials have confirmed at least three human cases of WNV in the state so far this year, including two in Larimer County and one in Delta County. – See http://www.starherald.com/news/local_news/west-nile-virus-hits-region/article_6a7c398e-fbe4-11e2-b236-001a4bcf887a.html

Windham_County_CTConnecticut 08/02/13 Windham County: Officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped last week in Plainfield have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.norwichbulletin.com/news/x1465125319/Caution-prescribed-as-West-Nile-virus-arrives-in-region

Hillsborough County_FLFlorida 08/02/13 Hillsborough County: Officials have confirmed that a horse that was stabled in the county and euthanized last month tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.myfoxtampabay.com/story/23026846/2013/08/02/euthanized-horse-had-disease-that-could-infect-humans

Fulton cty FAGeorgia 08/02/13 Fulton County: State public health officials have confirmed that mosquito samples collected in Chastain and Whittier Mill parks in Atlanta have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.atlantaintownpaper.com/2013/08/west-nile-virus-detected-in-chastain-park/

Cook cty ILIllinois 08/02/13 Cook County: Health officials have announced that mosquito batches collected in Wilmette and Kenilworth have tested positive for WNV. – See http://wilmette.patch.com/groups/health/p/west-nile-virus-found-in-wilmette-and-kenilworth

plymouth cty MAMassachusetts 08/02/13 Plymouth County: Public health officials announced Friday that WNV and EEE have been detected in mosquitoes collected in Hanover. The Board of Health is closing all recreational fields and school property for outdoor activity from sunset to sunrise, until further notice. – See http://www.wickedlocal.com/hanover/newsnow/x1465124885/Hanover-West-Nile-Virus-Eastern-Equine-Encephalitis-confirmed-in-mosquitoes

barnstable cty MAMassachusetts 08/01/13 Barnstable County: Public health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in the village of Marstons Mills in the city of Barnstable have tested positive for WNV. – See http://barnstable-hyannis.patch.com/groups/around-town/p/west-nile-virus-detected-in-barnstable

middlesex cty MAMassachusetts 08/01/13 Middlesex County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in Burlington on July 18th have tested positive for WNV. – See http://burlington.patch.com/groups/summer/p/west-nile-virus-confirmed-in-burlington-mosquitos–how-to-protect-yourself

scotts-bluff-in-nebraskaNebraska 08/03/13 Scotts Bluff County: Health officials have confirmed that a male resident is the first diagnosed human case of WNV in the county this year. – See http://www.starherald.com/news/local_news/west-nile-virus-hits-region/article_6a7c398e-fbe4-11e2-b236-001a4bcf887a.html

suffolk cty NY (2)New York 08/03/13 Suffolk County: Officials have confirmed that a dead crow found in the Kings Park area has tested positive for WNV. Three mosquito samples from nearby East Northport also tested positive for the virus. As of Monday, Suffolk County has had 40 mosquito samples and four dead birds test positive for WNV this year. In addition, the Suffolk Department of Health said mosquito samples tested positive for WNV in:Copiague (1), Greenlawn (2), Northport (3), Nesconset (6) , Brentwood (1), Bay Shore (2), Holbrook (1), Selden (3), Farmingville (1), and Ridge (1). – See http://kingspark.patch.com/groups/health-and-wellness/p/dead-crow-tests-positive-for-west-nile-virus-in-kings-park

staten_islandNew York 08/02/13 Staten Island: Two residents have the first confirmed human cases of WNV in the city this season, though one victim is thought to have picked up the infection out of state. – See http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/08/west_nile_virus_identified_in.html

Tulsa_County.OKOklahoma 08/01/13 Tulsa County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in the county have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.fox23.com/mostpopular/story/West-Nile-Virus-found-in-mosquitoes-in-Tulsa/XB4rImsVSE-okx4s7n1-bA.cspx

Schuylkill_County_PA_MapPennsylvania 08/02/13 Schuylkill County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes found in Cressona Borough, Butler, Pine Grove, and Tremont townships on July 26th have tested positive for WNV. – See http://republicanherald.com/news/west-nile-virus-found-in-schuylkill-county-1.1530318

franklin-in-pennsylvaniaPennsylvania 08/01/13 Franklin County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in Chambersburg on July 24th have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.publicopiniononline.com/latestnews/ci_23778229/west-nile-virus-shows-up-chambersbug

BrownCty_WIWisconsin 08/02/13 Brown County: Officials have confirmed that a dead bird found in the county has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.wbay.com/story/23032540/2013/08/02/brown-county-bird-tests-positive-for-west-nile-virus

logo_wdhWyoming 08/03/13 Platte and Fremont counties: The state’s health department has announced that an adult female has presented with the first human case of WNV in Platte County. Officials also confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in Riverton, Lander, rural Hudson, and Arapahoe in Fremont County have also tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.starherald.com/news/local_news/west-nile-virus-hits-region/article_6a7c398e-fbe4-11e2-b236-001a4bcf887a.html

Travel Warnings:

honduras-flagHonduras 07/31/13 tbo.com: The Honduran government has declared a state of emergency due to a dengue fever outbreak that has killed 16 people and sickened 12,000. Health Minister Salvador Pineda says Tuesday’s decree means the government is making it a priority to prevent and control the disease and fight the mosquitoes that spread it. Pineda says more than half of Honduras’ municipalities have registered dengue fever cases. Authorities say two imagesHondurans died last year from the disease and there were no deaths registered in 2011. But the country’s worst dengue fever outbreak in recent years was in 2010, when 83 people died and more than 66,000 had the illness.Dengue causes high fever, joint pains and nausea. In severe cases, it can lead to internal bleeding, liver enlargement, circulatory shutdown and death.– For further details re Dengue Fever see http://www.cdc.gov/Dengue/