Tag Archives: Coyotes

WASHINGTON woman’s death was associated with HANTAVIRUS ~ WASHINGTON health officials reveal source of HANTAVIRUS that killed Grant County woman ~ INDIANA couple rescues PET from two COYOTES ~ MALARIA drug resistance spreading in SOUTHEAST ASIA ~ RABIES reports from CO, NE, NC, TX, & VA ~ CDC presents interactive LYME DISEASE map 2001-10 ~ CDC Reports: ZOONOTIC DISEASE summary for week ending March 31, 2012.

Deer mouse can carry Sin Nombre Virus, which causes Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome. Photo Courtesy Centers for Disease Control.

Washington 04/06/12 granthealth.org: News Release – On April 4, 2012 The Grant County Health District (GCHD) received confirmation from the Washington State Department of Health Public Health Laboratory (DOH) that the death of a Grant County woman in her 30s was associated with Hantavirus exposure. The woman was hospitalized and died on March 28th. The Health District investigation determined the woman was most likely exposed here in Grant County. The last fatal case of Hantavirus in Grant County occurred in 2005. Since Hantavirus’s recognition in 1993, there have been 44 cases reported in Washington State and 15 (34%) of these patients died. This is comparable to the national average of about 33%. Each year Washington has one to five confirmed Hantavirus cases. Most of these cases occur in Eastern Washington.

Grant County.

Washington 04/09/12 wenatcheeworld.com: by Mike Irwin – A Grant County woman who died March 28 from hantavirus exposure was most likely infected from mouse droppings in sheds and outbuildings she’d entered about three to four weeks ago, county Health District officials confirmed this morning. The woman, in her 30s, died after being hospitalized with indications of hantavirus, which most frequently include flu-like symptoms such as fever, muscle aches, fatigue and nausea. Officals have not released the name of the woman, who was a resident of George. “We don’t want people alarmed, but we do want them aware,” said Theresa Fuller, spokeswoman for the Grant County Health District. “This isn’t an outbreak — it’s something we live with all the time and can take steps to prevent.” Hantavirus cases tend to increase in the spring, said Fuller, when residents begin to clean barns, sheds and outbuildings and risk exposure to airborne droppings of deer mice, the primary carrier in Eastern Washington. The greatest risk occurs when people enter enclosed areas with rodent infestation and poor air circulation, said Fuller. Symptoms can appear in one to six weeks and are fatal in one of every three cases. – For complete article see http://www.wenatcheeworld.com/news/2012/apr/09/death-from-hantavirus-caused-by-mouse-droppings/

Indiana 04/06/12 Michigan City, LaPorte County: A couple walking in the Moon Valley trails last week saw their dog attacked by two coyotes. The dog was badly bitten and required medical treatment. Fortunately, the dog had been vaccinated for rabies. – See http://thenewsdispatch.com/articles/2012/04/06/news/local/doc4f7e3dc6c1b46402020818.txt

Female anolpheles mosquito transmits malaria.

Global 04/09/12 the-scientist.com: by Bob Grant – Researchers have found a key to malaria drug resistance in the genome of Plasmodium falciparum, the disease’s causal parasite. In a related study, scientists have determined that resistance to artemisinin, the go-to drug for treating malaria infections around the world, is spreading to Thailand and Myanmar from Cambodia, where resistance was first detected in 2005. On the genomic front, geneticist Ian Cheeseman at the Texas Biomedical Research Institute in San Antonio and colleagues found two spots on P. falciparum‘s chromosome 13 that were strongly associated with drug resistance. Cheeseman and his team suggest, in a Science paper published last week that the region accounts for at least one-third of the heritable variation in the artemisinin resistance seen in Southeast Asia. Though the discovery may aid in strengthening the impact of the drug, several other genes and non-coding regions of the parasite’s DNA could be involved in conferring artemisinin resistance as well. “At this point, we’re still in the dark about the mechanism of resistance,” Cheesman told Nature. – For complete article see http://the-scientist.com/2012/04/09/malaria-drug-resistance-spreading/

Colorado 04/04/12 Pueblo, Pueblo County: Three skunks have tested positive for rabies. They were captured at Garland Road on the Mesa, Paloma Place and Roselawn Road in the Salt Creek neighborhood, and the 2400 block of Winnipeg Street west of Lake Minnequa. Health officials are unaware of any human exposure. See http://www.krdo.com/news/30835306/detail.html

Nebraska 04/04/12 Omaha, Douglas County: Two young sisters are receiving post-exposure prophylaxis rabies treatments after one was bitten by a bat in her sleep while the other one slept in the same room. See http://www.wowt.com/news/headlines/Girl_Bitten_By_Bat_146200755.html

North Carolina 04/04/12 Norlina, Warren County: A dead raccoon found by a property owner on Bessie Hicks Road last week has tested positive for rabies. It is believed the animal was killed by at least one of the owner’s four dogs, all of which had been vaccinated against the virus. See http://www.vancnews.com/the_warren_record/news/article_66fe3230-7dcd-11e1-af87-001a4bcf887a.html

Texas 04/04/12 College Station, Brazos County: Police say a boy was playing in the 700 block of Wellesley Court earlier this week when he was bitten by a dog described as short-haired and brown with a patch of white over its left eye. It is believed to be a pit bull. The boy’s brothers told police two black men put the dog in a red car and left the left the area. If the dog is not found, the boy will have to undergo post-exposure prophylaxis rabies treatment. Anyone with information is asked to call police at (979) 764-3600. See http://wtaw.com/2012/04/04/police-search-for-dog-involved-in-attack-on-child/

Virginia 04/08/12 Hampton: Hampton animal control officers are looking for dog that might have rabies. They said a pit bull attacked a woman at the intersection of Queen Street and LaSalle Avenue. Officers said they just wanted to make sure the dog was not rabid and they would not harm the animal. If you see the dog, do not approach him and contact Hampton animal control. – See http://www.wavy.com/dpp/news/local_news/officers-looking-for-dangerous-dog

National 04/09/12 cdc.gov: News Release –  An interactive Lyme disease map is now available at (http://www.cdc.gov/lyme/stats/maps/interactiveMaps.html) for the years 2001-2010.  By looking at each map individually, you can observe subtle yearly changes in disease distribution.  By looking at maps that are several years apart, you can see the larger changes in disease distribution over time. We hope you find the addition of these maps to be instructive.

CDC Reports:

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending March 31, 2012:

Published April 6, 2012/ 61(13); ND-170-ND-183

Anaplasmosis . . . 5 . . . Maine (2), Rhode Island (2), Texas,

Babesiosis . . . 1 . . . New York,

Ehrlichiosis . . . 1 . . . New York,

Giardiasis . . . 85 . . . Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Florida (20), Georgia (2), Idaho (2), Iowa (5), Maryland (4), Michigan, Nebraska (2), New York (22), Ohio (8), Oregon (3), Pennsylvania (5), Rhode Island (3), South Carolina (3), Wisconsin,

Lyme Disease . . .  113. . .  Delaware (3), Florida (2), Maryland (2), Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey (43), New York (25), Pennsylvania (33), Virginia (2), Wisconsin,

Q Fever (Acute) . . . 1 . . . Montana,

Rabies (Animal) . . . 46. . . Alabama (2), Arkansas (3), Maine (3), Michigan (2), Missouri (2), New Mexico, New York (4), Puerto Rico, Texas (11), Virginia (18),

Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 8 . . . Florida (2), Maine, Missouri, Tennessee (2), Virginia (2).

ARIZONA officials warn parents of MOUNTAIN LION sightings ~ NEW MEXICO residents report MOUNTAIN LION sightings in Carlsbad area ~ NORTH CAROLINA resident rescues DOG from two COYOTES ~ NEW MEXICO veterinarian says state seeing one of most concentrated RABIES outbreaks in decades ~ NEW MEXICO’s Mora County finds first SKUNK with RABIES ~ One NORTH CAROLINA resident kills RABID FOX that attacked two HORSES, and another handles DOG that killed a RABID RACCOON ~ SOUTH CAROLINA couple find RABID BAT in their home ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORTS: OREGON’S GRAY WOLF known as OR-7 returns to CALIFORNIA.

Mountain Lion. Courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Arizona 04/05/12 Queen Creek, Maricopa & Pinal counties: Two residents and a park ranger have reported sightings of a mountain lion in the Queen Creek Wash between Sossamon and Power roads this week. Parents have been warned that school children should not be allowed to walk home alone. – See http://www.myfoxphoenix.com/dpp/news/local/se_valley/mountain-lion-sighting-in-queen-creek-4-5-2012

New Mexico 04/04/12 currentargus.com: by Matlin Smith – Several residents have reported seeing a mountain lion in the Carlsbad area recently, officials said Wednesday. Carlsbad Police Department Lt. Jennifer Moyers said the first report came in over the 311 system, a phone system that allows resident to make reports of any kind regarding any city department.  The resident reported seeing a mountain lion coming down from the Palo Alto area, north of Carlsbad High School, at around 1:30 a.m. earlier this week. Another resident talked to animal control officers, reporting he or she saw a mountain lion near the Flume area early in the morning. Moyers said the big cat is probably coming into the area for water and asked that early morning and late night walkers, joggers and bike riders remain aware that there could be a big cat in the area and use proper precaution. Any resident with any information is asked to contact local police at (575) 885-2111.

North Carolina 04/04/12 Statesville, Iredell County: Dog carried off by two coyotes from residence near Statesville Middle School rescued and recovering from bite wounds. – See http://www.wbtv.com/story/17338115/coyotes-attack-dog-in-statesville

New Mexico 04/05/12 Carlsbad, Eddy County: State public health veterinarian confirms more than 40 pets and livestock in southeastern New Mexico were euthanized from Dec 2011 through Feb 2012 because of exposure to 22 skunks, one dog, and one fox that all tested positive for rabies. Dr. Ettestad said the state is seeing one of the most concentrated rabies outbreaks in decades. – See http://www.avma.org/onlnews/javma/apr12/120415l.asp

New Mexico 04/05/12 Wagon Mound, Mora County: A skunk found about 20 miles west of Wagon Mound has tested positive for rabies. Officials confirm it’s the first rabid skunk found in the county since the state started keeping records in 1966. – See http://kunm.org/post/rabid-skunk-found-mora-county

Arkansas 04/05/12 Hot Springs, Garland County: Officials issue rabies alert after a bat, found in the Millcreek area, and two skunks, found in the Pearcy area, tested positive for rabies all within the past 60 days. – See http://www.todaysthv.com/news/article/205728/2/Rabies-alert-issued-in-Hot-Springs

North Carolina 04/05/12 Clay County: A fox that attacked two horses earlier this week has tested positive for rabies. The horses are being evaluated for exposure. – See http://www.claycountyprogress.com/articles/2012/04/05/news/doc4f7da7bfa40e3468651938.txt

North Carolina 04/05/12 Castle Hayne, New Hanover County: A resident pet owner is receiving post-exposure prophylaxis rabies treatment after handling his dog, which had killed a raccoon that tested positive for the virus. The dog had been vaccinated. – See http://www.starnewsonline.com/article/20120405/ARTICLES/120409835

South Carolina 04/05/12 Fairfield County: State officials confirm that a bat found inside the home of a Fairfield County couple has tested positive for rabies and post-exposure rabies treatments have been recommended. – See http://www.scdhec.gov/administration/news/2012/nr20120405-01.htm

Connecticut 04/05/12 Ledyard, New London County: A skunk that fought with a dog in the Hurlbutt Road area, and was killed by the dog’s owner, has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.theday.com/article/20120405/NWS01/120409823/-1/NWS

Follow-Up Reports:

(Please use this blog’s Archives search engine for a history of OR-7′s previous adventures.)

California 04/06/12 chicagotribune.com: Oregon’s GPS collared gray wolf known as OR-7 has returned to California, apparently refusing to believe the love of his life isn’t waiting there for him. Scientists say there aren’t any other wolves living in California’s wilderness areas, but OR-7 may be picking something up on the wind that he’s much more sensitive to than they are. – For a very well written account see http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/sns-rt-us-usa-wolf-californiabre8350ah-20120406,0,1699234.story

CANADA: NEWFOUNDLAND officer shoots POLAR BEAR that beat in doors and windows on four homes ~ CALIFORNIA man claims BEAR rescued him when MOUNTAIN LION attacked ~ FLORIDA woman fails to save her DOG from hungry COYOTE ~ RABIES reports from CT, FL, IN, NJ, NY, NC, & TX.

Polar Bear. Courtesy of U.S. Global Change Research Program.


Newfoundland 03/29/12 huffingtonpost.ca: by Sue Bailey – Fifty-five-year-old Louis Reardon got the shock of his life early Thursday when he leapt out of bed to his son’s cries of “Polar bear!” as a large male bear broke into their home in northern Newfoundland. “He had the door busted open to the dining room with his two front paws and his head in through the door,” Reardon said from tiny Goose Cove, just south of St. Anthony, N.L. “I mean, it frightened the wits right clean out of me, to be that close to a polar bear.” Reardon’s son Damien, 29, had heard a ruckus and flicked on the light to discover the animal. Polar bears are notoriously aggressive when cornered, and Damien slammed on a table trying to frighten the intruder as his father raced for a shotgun. “A polar bear doesn’t usually back down,” Louis Reardon said. “If he came in the house, God knows what he would have done before he went out.” His other son, his daughter, her three young children and her boyfriend had all been sleeping when the commotion started just after 4 a.m.

Louis Reardon said the bear was starting to retreat and he fired two shots over its head to frighten it. He didn’t want to risk wounding it and have it come back furious at him, he explained.Top of FormBottom of Form “I just fired over his head to drive him away. You don’t take chances on stuff like that.” His cousin, Daniel Reardon, said he was called soon after by wildlife officers who were trying to find Louis Reardon’s house. He said the bear beat in doors and broke windows at three other homes, and killed some sheep and ducks at a nearby stable without stopping to eat. “It seemed like it was killing for the sake of killing. It wasn’t hungry.” At one home, the bear “just broke the windows out of each side of the house and went on,” he said. “It seemed like he was in a bad mood.” Local RCMP say wildlife officers shot the bear, which witnesses estimate weighed at least 300 pounds or 135 kilograms. Louis Reardon said polar bears are occasionally spotted as they travel through the region, but he’d never heard of a similar attack. “Not like that, in my whole life,” he said. “It was pretty frightening. What was on my mind was the little kids in the house.”

California 03/27/12 paradisepost.com: by Trevor Warner – A Paradise man says he is lucky to be alive after an attack by a mountain lion Monday morning. Robert Biggs, 69, often hikes in the Bean Soup Flat area, which is about a mile and a half above Whisky Flats. He came across a mother bear, a yearling and a newborn, which were about 40 feet from where he was standing. After watching the bear family for a few minutes he decided to leave them be and turned to walk back up the trail. As he turned, a mountain lion pounced on him grabbing hold of his backpack with all four paws. “They usually grab hold of your head with all four paws, but my backpack was up above my head and (the mountain lion) grabbed it instead,” Biggs said. “It must have been stalking the little bear, but it was on me in seconds.” He wrestled with the cat, striking it in the head with a rock pick. The cat screamed when it was hit with the pick, but didn’t let go, Biggs said. Before he knew it, the mother bear came from behind and pounced on the cat, tearing its grip from the backpack. The bear and the cat battled for about 15 seconds, Biggs said, until the cat finally ran away. The bear went on its way as well. Biggs ended up with bite marks, scratches and bruises to his arm, but was otherwise uninjured. Biggs, a naturist, has hiked that same trail several times and has seen the mother bear and its cub last spring and fall. He said the encounters with the bears were friendly. – For complete article see http://www.paradisepost.com/news/ci_20269991/man-claims-attack-by-lion-saved-by-bear

Florida 03/28/12 Rotonda West, Charlotte County: Woman screams and chases a coyote into the woods by her home but fails to save her dog. See http://www.nbc-2.com/story/17279384/coyote-kills-family-dog-in-their-front-yard

Connecticut 03/27/12 Enfield, Hartford County: A skunk that had direct contact with a dog in the Thompsonville area of town last week has tested positive for rabies. This is the second rabies incident in Enfield in the past five weeks. See http://enfield.patch.com/articles/rabid-skunk-found-in-thompsonville

Florida 03/28/12 Callaway, Bay County: A raccoon that had contact with a dog in the Hugh Drive vicinity earlier this week has tested positive for rabies. This is the fifth confirmed case of animal rabies in the county this year. See http://www.newsherald.com/articles/rabies-101506-bay-county.html

Indiana 03/27/12 Bloomington, Monroe County: A bat that bit an Indiana University student while he slept in his dorm room has tested positive for rabies. He, his roommate, and a pest control worker are all receiving post-exposure prophylaxis rabies shots. See http://www.indystar.com/article/20120327/NEWS/120327032/IU-student-bitten-by-rabid-bat-Bloomington-dorm?odyssey=tab|topnews|text|IndyStar.com

New Jersey 03/28/12 Helmetta, Middlesex County: A skunk that was killed by a vaccinated dog last week in the vicinity of John Street and Railroad Avenue has tested positive for rabies. Two residents who had contact with the dog after the incident have been advised to seek medical advice. See http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2012/03/dog_dies_in_middlesex_countys.html

New York 03/28/12 Martinsburg, Lewis County: A raccoon that was observed exhibiting unusual behavior last week was captured and has tested positive for rabies. See http://www.wktv.com/news/health/Raccoon-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-Martinsburg-144703945.html

North Carolina 03/28/12 Hillsborough, Orange County: Health officials have confirmed the fourth case of animal rabies in the county this year. Residents heard dogs barking near US 70 and St. Mary’s Road last week and discovered that a skunk was in the dogs’ pen. The skunk was shot and tested positive for rabies. The two dogs were not up to date on vaccinations and the owners opted for euthanization. See http://www.chapelboro.com/pages/12674895.php?

Texas 03/27/12 Amarillo, Potter County: Animal control officers are setting traps for feral cats after a woman was bitten by one last week that tested positive for rabies. The incident occurred in the vicinity of N. Pullman Road. The woman who was bitten and several others who were exposed are receiving post-exposure prophylaxis rabies shots. See http://www.connectamarillo.com/news/story.aspx?list=195065&id=735211#.T3PcndVsXWB

TEXAS woman reports prowling BOBCAT in Dallas suburb ~ OHIO town’s CATs being taken by COYOTES ~ HAWAII officials find discovery of Aedes aegypti MOSQUITO on OAHU troubling ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORTS: BEAR that bit FLORIDA woman has been euthanized ~ RABIES reports from CA, FL, GA, ME, NY, NC (2), & VA (2).

Bobcat. Courtesy National Park Service.

Texas 03/21/12 Frisco, Collin & Denton Counties: A resident of The Lakes neighborhood reported a bobcat prowling in her yard. Greg Carr, the city’s animal control officer, said the early and warmer spring has brought out a lot of bobcats and coyotes. He said he doesn’t know of any attacks in the area, but added it’s smart to be cautious. For complete article see http://dfw.cbslocal.com/2012/03/21/early-spring-brining-bobcats-into-frisco-subdivisions/#photo-1

Ohio 03/21/12 Newcomerstown, Tuscarawas County: Coyotes living in the woods near Cy Young Park are edging closer to homes in the area. A N. College Street resident recently witnessed two coyotes kill a black cat. See http://www.timesreporter.com/news/x738244732/Coyotes-edge-closer-to-homes

Aedes aegypti mosquito.

Hawaii 03/20/12 therepublic.com: The state Department of Health says a mosquito species capable of rapidly spreading dengue and yellow fever was found on Oahu for the first time in 60 years. The discovery was made at Honolulu International Airport. The department said Tuesday its vector control program identified the species on March 5. The department is calling on residents to remove standing water to reduce mosquito populations. The species Aedes aegypti was last found on Oahu in 1949. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says it’s very difficult to control or eliminate the mosquito because it adapts to its environment. They rapidly bounce back after drought or mosquito extermination efforts. The mosquito’s eggs can survive without water for several months on the inner walls of containers.

Follow-Up Reports:

(March 17, 2012: FLORIDA woman bitten by BLACK BEAR.)

Florida 03/22/12 orlandosentinel.com: by Amy Pavuk – Excerpts . . “State wildlife officials captured and euthanized a bear Thursday that bit a woman at a Longwood apartment complex last week.” “On Thursday morning, the bear was in the dumpster at the apartment complex, and her 14-month-old cub was caught in a trap that was set by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Officials used a tranquilizer gun to catch the mother bear, and later euthanized the animal, which is agency policy, said Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission spokeswoman Joy Hill. ‘The bear has lost all fear of people. She has bitten somebody. This behavior would not change,’ Hill said. ‘We can’t risk her hurting anybody else. We can’t release her because she would pick up the same behavior somewhere else.’ Wildlife officials will place the cub in a captive situation, which could be a zoo or some other type of private habitat. But it’s too early to say exactly where the cub will go, Hill said.” – For complete article see http://articles.orlandosentinel.com/2012-03-22/news/os-bear-bite-captured-longwood-20120322_1_cub-wildlife-conservation-commission-wildlife-officials

California 03/21/12 South Davis, Yolo County: Animal Services officials are looking for a large, brown Siamese-mix cat that bit a man earlier this week near M Street and Duke Drive to determine if the victim needs rabies post-exposure prophylactic treatment. See http://davis.patch.com/articles/yolo-sheriff-s-office-seeks-biting-cat

Florida 03/20/12 Bartow, Polk County: A raccoon killed by three stray dogs on the 5400 block of Flood Court has tested positive for rabies. The dogs have been quarantined. See http://www.theledger.com/article/20120320/NEWS/120329935

Georgia 03/21/12 Albany, Dougherty County: A fox that attacked a woman and her dog earlier this week in a mobile home community on Sylvester Road has tested positive for rabies. Police managed to track the animal and shot it. See http://www.walb.com/story/17212568/woman-attacked-by-fox

Maine 03/22/12 Kennebunk, York County: A raccoon found dead March 12th in a resident’s yard on Sea Road has tested positive for rabies. Three dogs were exposed but all were vaccinated. See http://www.seacoastonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20120322/NEWS/203220352/-1/NEWSMAP

New York 03/22/12 West Elmira, Chemung County: Health officials are looking for a dog that bit a person on March 13th in the vicinity of West Water Street near Evergreen. The dog is described as a Golden Retriever and was being walked by a woman accompanied by another woman with two black Labs. If the dog is not found the victim will have to receive rabies post-exposure treatment. See http://www.the-leader.com/newsnow/x1581727061/Health-Department-seeking-dog-in-West-Elmira

North Carolina 03/20/12 Gumtree, Davidson County: A raccoon that fought with two vaccinated dogs was shot and has tested positive for rabies. The dogs received booster shots. There was no human exposure. See http://www.the-dispatch.com/article/20120320/News/303209994

North Carolina 03/22/12 Cary, Wake County: Three dogs were euthanized after one killed a raccoon that later tested positive for rabies. Police found the raccoon dead near Cary Glen Blvd. and Mintawood Court. See http://www.newsobserver.com/2012/03/21/1948951/three-cary-dogs-euthanized-after.html

Virginia 03/22/12 Naxera, Gloucester County: A raccoon shot earlier this week in the Lands End Road area has tested positive for rabies. See http://www.dailypress.com/news/gloucester-county/dp-nws-gloucester-rabid-raccoon-0323-20120322,0,6174942.story

Virginia 03/21/12 Pittsylvania County: A skunk captured in the Climax Road area has tested positive for rabies. This is the fifth rabies alert for the county in five weeks. See http://www.wset.com/story/17213599/another-rabies-warning-for-pittsylvania-county

ALABAMA biologist says COYOTES are moving into exurban neighborhoods ~ RABIES reports from CALIFORNIA, CONNECTICUT, & GEORGIA ~ TRAVEL WARNINGS: CDC warns of DENGUE FEVER outbreaks in all TROPICAL and SUBTROPICAL areas worldwide.

Coyotes. Photo by Colorado Parks & Wildlife.

Alabama 03/19/12 Weaver, Calhoun County: State biologist confirms coyotes are moving into residential areas and their population in the state has doubled since 1998. In 2009-10 their number was estimated at 340, which is 40 more than a year earlier. See http://annistonstar.com/bookmark/17938175-Coyotes-sighted-in-Weaver-sign-of-growing-population

California 03/16/12 Clearlake Oaks, Lake County: The community is being asked to help provide information on two dogs that attacked a man and his small dog earlier this week in Clearlake Oaks. Animal control officials are trying to confirm if the dogs have had rabies vaccinations in an effort to protect the health of the victims. Family members said the elderly man and his Pomeranian dog were attacked by two pit bulls at around 7:15 a.m. Monday. The man and his dog were walking near the intersection of Island Drive and Highway 20 in Clearlake Oaks when, without warning, two pit bulls charged them, biting him and knocking him to the ground. The little dog was mauled, receiving injuries including a broken jaw, broken leg, punctured lung and multiple bite wounds over her body. She is being treated at Wasson Memorial Veterinary Clinic in Lakeport, where the bill currently is about $4,000.

The pit bulls were both black in color, each weighing about 40 pounds, according to the available description. A white male subject retrieved the dogs, allegedly gave the victim a false name and contact information, and left in a Mitsubishi Montero SUV – which may have been green in color – with the license plate 5BGV640. The male was described as having a medium build, was estimated to be about 5 feet, 10 inches tall, and in his late 30s or early 40s. If you have any information on the dogs or their owner, please notify Lake County Animal Care and Control at 707-263-0278. To offer assistance with the veterinarian bill, contact Jim Young at 707-350-4867 or Leah Young at 707-245-3049.

Connecticut 03/19/12 Windsor, Hartford County: Officials have issued a rabies alert after four raccoons and a skunk attacked pets and people. See http://www.wtnh.com/dpp/news/hartford_cty/windsor-residents-given-rabies-warning

Georgia 03/19/12 Braselton, Hall County: A skunk that was in contact with two dogs in the vicinity of state highway 53 and JJ Lott Road has tested positive for rabies. See http://www.jacksonheraldtoday.com/archives/6794-Skunk-near-Jackson-Hall-county-line-tests-positive-for-rabies.html

Travel Warnings:

Tropics & Subtropics 03/15/12 cdc.gov: Outbreak Notice: Dengue virus is present in all tropical and many subtropical areas worldwide. The mosquitoes that carry dengue are most active in the morning and evening and during hot, wet times of the year. However, they can spread infection all year long and at any time of day.

The Americas and the Caribbean

In 2011, 1,034,064 cases were reported to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), including 18,321 severe dengue cases and 716 deaths. In 2011, the number of dengue cases and deaths have surpassed previous years, with outbreaks in Paraguay, Panama, Aruba, Bahamas, and Saint Lucia.

Middle East

Dengue activity is reported sporadically throughout the Middle East, including areas popular with travelers, such as Jeddah in Saudi Arabia.

South Pacific and Southeast Asia

In October of 2011, the Republic of the Marshall Islands declared a state of emergency due to a large dengue outbreak.  A total of 1,638 cases have been reported.  Majuro Atoll had the highest number of dengue cases. Visit the Marshall Islands government page for information on the Marshall Island dengue outbreak.

A dengue outbreak was also reported in Yap state of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), as well as one in Palau.  As of February 27, 2012, 1,173 cases of dengue have been reported from Yap.

In addition, the Philippines, Vietnam, and Thailand are among the countries that reported dengue activity in 2011. Australia also continues to report sporadic dengue activity in areas of northern Queensland.  For more information about dengue reports in Thailand and Vietnam, visit the Thailand Ministry of Public Health and the WHO Western Regional Office  website.

Africa and the Indian Ocean Islands

In September 2011, the Uganda Ministry of Health (MOH) reported a dengue outbreak in Mogadishu. In September 2011, the Kenyan MOH reported multiple outbreaks of dengue in several northern Kenyan towns. Dengue infection was confirmed in Mandera and Wajir.

See the CDC’s dengue map to discover whether your travel destination is included.

CALIFORNIANS told COYOTES aren’t going away ~ IDAHO Fish & Game relocate MOUNTAIN LION from Preston ~ CANADA: MANITOBANS told BLACKLEGGED TICKS carrying LYME DISEASE into the province.

Coyote. Courtesy National Park Service.

California 03/18/12 Brentwood, Contra Costa County: Yet another report of coyotes came from the Brentwood Community Council. California Department of Fish and Game Public (DFG) Information Officer Andrew Hewitt remarked that coyote attacks on pets in their own backyards are not uncommon. “They live in virtually every part of Los Angeles.” And they are not going away. The DFG will only kill coyotes that threaten human life; they do not relocate them. “Pets are not a public safety issue,” he said. Coyotes follow food sources, including small pets, trash cans, dog bowls, gopher- opossum and squirrel populations and feral cat colonies. They imprint their cubs with habituated behavior, rendering them fearless of humans. They will rarely, if ever, attack humans. – For complete article see http://www.westsidetoday.com/n6960/coyotes-in-brentwood.html

Idaho 03/16/12 idahostatejournal.com: Officials were called into tranquilize and relocate a male mountain lion that was located inside of Preston Friday morning. By noon, the healthy and unharmed mountain lion had been relocated to a remote and undisclosed location outside of Franklin County by Idaho Fish and Game personnel.


Manitoba 03/19/12 gov.mb.ca: News Release – Manitoba Health advises that more blacklegged tick populations have been identified in the province. There are now several areas across southern Manitoba where populations of blacklegged ticks are confirmed or suspected to be established. Blacklegged ticks can carry the bacterium that causes Lyme disease.  Manitobans are advised to watch for ticks in southern areas of the province, particularly where established blacklegged tick populations have been identified and also in areas with suitable tick habitats.

Blacklegged Tick.

Established areas of blacklegged tick populations in Manitoba include:

  • the southeast corner of Manitoba (confirmed in 2006);
  • the area around the Stanley Trail in south-central Manitoba west of the Red River (confirmed in 2011 and extended north along the Thompson trail in 2012); and
  • the area in and near Pembina Valley Provincial Park near the United States border (confirmed in 2012).

Adult Female Blacklegged Tick.

Areas with suspected established blacklegged tick populations include:

  • the Pembina Valley to the north and west of Pembina Valley Provincial Park near La Rivière and roads 22N and 57W;
  • Beaudry Provincial Park west of Headingley;
  • the area around St. Malo in south-central Manitoba; and
  • the area around Arbakka in south-central Manitoba.

A map showing the locations of confirmed and suspected established populations of blacklegged ticks is available on the Manitoba Health website at www.gov.mb.ca/health/lyme/surveillance.html. – For complete news release see http://news.gov.mb.ca/news/index.html?archive=&item=13372

CALIFORNIA woman reports MOUNTAIN LION CUB sighting in her backyard ~ Three ARIZONANS attacked by COYOTES within 24 hours ~ NEW MEXICO’s Carlsbad region reporting 32 cases of RABIES since January ~ WEST VIRGINIA FISH survey finds BASS VIRUS in four lakes ~ RABIES reports from ARKANSAS, FLORIDA, GEORGIA, MARYLAND, & VIRGINIA ~ ANNOUNCEMENT: Abstracts sought for 11th Biennial Scientific Conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem.

Mountain Lion Cub. Photo by University of California-Davis.

California 03/13/12 Montara, San Mateo County: Emergency officials confirm that a woman reported seeing a mountain lion cub in her backyard in the 1400 block of Ivy Street yesterday. Residents are reminded that a mother mountain lion can be extremely dangerous if she perceives an imminent threat to her offspring. See http://halfmoonbay.patch.com/articles/mountain-lion-cub-seen-in-montara-backyard

California 03/15/12 Carmel Valley, Monterey County: A woman walking her dog on Southbank Road came face-to-face with a mountain lion that took her dog in its mouth pulling the leash from her wrist and was gone. For complete article see http://www.kionrightnow.com/story/17168818/mountain-lion-attack-in-carmel-valley

Ohio 03/14/12 Salem, Columbiana County: Leetonia Village residents are being warned about an unconfirmed mountain lion sighting on March 13 near a home on Lisbon Street. A sighting was also reported in Perry Township in December. See http://www.salemnews.net/page/content.detail/id/552163/Possible-mountain-lion-sighting—-.html

Arizona 03/14/12 azgfd.net: News Release – A series of unprovoked coyote bites have been reported at the Trilogy at Vistancia community in Peoria over the past few days. Three bites with no serious injuries have occurred to residents of this community in less than 24 hours. The first occurred the evening of March 12 when a woman was bitten on the ankle while resting on her back porch. The Peoria Police Department was the first law enforcement agency to respond, and they pursued three animals they encountered near the scene. One coyote was killed by officers. The victim’s bite injuries were minor, and she received medical treatment and was released that same evening. Two additional bites, both to residents who were on their porches, occurred at approximately 3 p.m. yesterday. The first was to a woman who was bitten on the chest while reclining in a chair, and the other was to the calf of a man.

Bites to humans by wild animals are unusual. In the past 15 years, there have been 18 documented bites to humans by coyotes in Maricopa County. The majority of these bites can be traced back to illegal feeding of coyotes by residents in the communities where the bites occurred. However, a few were the result of territorial behavior by adult coyotes protecting young of the year. In the Vistancia incidents, none of the actions of the bite victims could be construed as provoking an attack, nor was there any food or other attractants directly associated with the bite incidents. “We believe territorial or breeding behavior is what precipitated these animals’ aggressive behavior in these incidents,” said Darren Julian, urban wildlife specialist for the Arizona Game and Fish Department. “Bites from any type of wildlife are uncommon, especially this many bites to humans in such a short span of time. The Arizona Game and Fish Department, in cooperation with the Peoria Police Department and USDA Wildlife Services, is trying to remove the coyotes responsible for the bites. To date, two animals have been destroyed and submitted for rabies testing. Efforts to remove the offending coyotes will continue until the animals are captured or until the operations are no longer feasible. “We test every animal associated with a human attack for diseases,” said Julian. “It’s a precautionary measure and our way of ensuring the continued health of both people and local wildlife.”

When encountering wildlife, it is important to stay a safe distance and to not encourage interactions with them. People are reminded that feeding wild animals is not a good practice, and in fact is against the law in Maricopa and Pima counties (other than feeding birds and squirrels). Wildlife experts also caution people to avoid any animals accompanied by young or that are behaving in an unusual manner, such as approaching humans. Valley residents should report aggressive or unusual wildlife behavior to the Arizona Game and Fish Department Region 6 office in Mesa at (480) 981-9400 during business hours, or at (623) 236-7201 24 hours a day. For residents in other areas of the state, office contact information for other regional offices is located at www.azgfd.gov/offices. The Maricopa County Department of Public Health, one of the agencies with which Arizona Game and Fish works on issues such as these, reminds Valley residents that anyone bitten by a coyote or wild animal should call the Maricopa County Department of Public Health at (602) 747-7500.

New Mexico 03/14/12 southwestfarmpress.com: by Logan Hawkes – Calling it “one of the most concentrated outbreaks of rabies in decades”, New Mexico State Health Department officials have sanctioned door-to-door site visits to farms and ranches in rural areas of Eddy County in deep Southern New Mexico and are recommending selective livestock vaccinations after 32 animals have tested positive for rabies since January, and at least a dozen people are undergoing treatment for possible exposure to the deadly virus. So far this year the outbreak is concentrated in and around the Carlsbad area and has been limited to rabid skunks and foxes. But last year at least one horse contracted the disease and concerns were being raised over livestock and domestic animals as the drought forced infected wildlife into more populated areas in search of food and water. “Starting in December last year, we began fielding calls about skunks that were behaving badly. These animals are generally nocturnal and rarely interact with humans, but reports indicated these skunks were acting aggressively and there were reports of skunks that had bitten pets,” said Dr. Megin Nichols, assistant state public health veterinarian in Santa Fe. “Since that time we have tested both skunks and fox with positive results and have launched a comprehensive campaign to control what potentially could become a larger problem.” Nichols confirms that officials believe the drought has contributed to the current outbreak and warns that warmer weather in the coming spring and summer could serve to boost the spread of the virus. – For complete article see http://southwestfarmpress.com/livestock/rabies-outbreak-new-mexico-threatens-livestock

West Virginia 03/09/12 wvdnr.gov: News Release – Recent fish health surveys conducted by the West Virginia Division of Natural Resources revealed the presence of largemouth bass virus (LMBV) in four West Virginia lakes, according to Bret Preston, assistant chief of the Wildlife Resources Section. Surveys performed during the summer and early fall of 2011 were focused on monitoring overall fish health in water bodies where WVDNR staff collects brood stock for hatchery production. Several species of fish were collected from 10 water bodies and samples were sent to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Lamar Fish Health Laboratory for analysis.

Stonewall Jackson Lake, WV

Virology and bacteriology results were negative for targeted pathogens except for LMBV at East Lynn (Wayne County), North Bend (Ritchie County), Stonewall Jackson (Lewis County), and Sutton (Braxton County) lakes. “Largemouth bass virus is a common pathogen found primarily in southern United States largemouth bass populations, but has been expanding throughout North America,” said Chris O’Bara, WVDNR fisheries research biologist.  “LMBV has not been linked to any human health concerns but, as always, fish should be properly prepared prior to eating.”

Arkansas 03/15/12 North Little Rock, Pulaski County: A bat found on March 10 near the Old Mill on Lakeshore Drive has tested positive for rabies. At least one person was exposed to the virus and was given rabies post-exposure prophylactic (PEP) treatment. See http://www.todaysthv.com/news/article/201750/2/Bat-found-in-NLR-tested-positive-rabies

Florida 03/14/12 Auburndale, Polk County: A bat discovered because a family’s pet retriever was barking in the yard has tested positive for rabies. The dog has been quarantined. See http://www.wesh.com/news/30677455/detail.html

Cow with rabies.

Georgia 03/14/12 Royston, Franklin County: A cow on a Vandiver Road farm has tested positive for rabies. Two veterinarians and a vet tech have received rabies PEP treatment. See http://www.independentmail.com/news/2012/mar/14/veterinarians-issue-warning-after-rabies-confirmed/

Maryland 03/14/12 Sykesville, Carroll County: by Valerie Bonk – The Carroll County Health Department is asking area residents for their help in finding a dog that bit someone in Freedom Park in Sykesville on March 10. The dog was described as being an Italian Greyhound with a black coat. According to the Health Department, it is likely that the victim of the attack will be treated with a series of post-exposure rabies shots if the dog has not been found and verified to be in good health by the morning of March 20. If you have any information that may help locate this dog or its owner, contact the Carroll County Health Department at (410) 876-1884 or the Carroll County Humane Society at (410) 848-4810.

Virginia 03/14/12 Chatham, Pittsylvania County: Health officials have issued a fourth rabies alert in less than one month after a raccoon killed by a vaccinated pet in the Whittle Street area last weekend tested positive for the virus. See http://www2.godanriver.com/news/2012/mar/14/5/breaking-news-rabies-alert-issued-for-part-of-cha-ar-1765023/


Call for Abstracts Announced for 11th Biennial Scientific Conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem

Abstract submissions for the 11th Biennial Scientific Conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem will be accepted March 15 – May 15, 2012. This year’s conference theme is “Greater Yellowstone in Transition: Linking Science and Decision Making.” It will be held October 8 – 10, 2012, in Mammoth Hot Springs, Wyoming. The conference will bring together scientists, managers and other decision makers to examine resource challenges throughout the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE) from a variety of perspectives. The goals are to exchange science-based information relevant to management and to identify resource challenges that demand new research.

The program committee consists of representatives throughout the GYE from Yellowstone National Park, Montana State University, The University of Montana, Montana Institute on Ecosystems, Wildlife Conservation Society, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center, USGS Wyoming Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit at The University of Wyoming, Greater Yellowstone Coordinating Committee, Great Northern Landscape Conservation Cooperative and the National Park Service-Rocky Mountains Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Unit.

The conference series, initiated in 1991, encourages awareness and application of wide-ranging, high-caliber scientific work on the region’s natural and cultural resources. It provides a forum for knowledge sharing among hundreds of researchers, park managers and the general public. The proceedings from the 10th Biennial Scientific Conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, “Questioning Greater Yellowstone’s Future: Climate, Land Use, and Invasive Species,” are now available at http://www.greateryellowstonescience.org/gyesciconf/proceedings_full. Hard copies are available upon request. Conference registration will begin June 1, 2012. For additional information, to submit an abstract, or to subscribe to the conference mailing list, visit http://gyesciconf.greateryellowstonescience.org/. Conference staff may be reached at yell_conference@nps.gov or by phone at 307-344-7123.

WISCONSIN legislative WOLF hunting bill places science, religion, and politics at odds ~ CANADA: MOUNTAIN LION attacks DOG walking with owners near ALBERTA’S Banff National Park ~ ONTARIANS alerted to recent rash of COYOTE attacks on PETS.

Gray Wolf. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Wisconsin 03/12/12 nytimes.com: by James Gorman – Once again, science, religion and politics have become entwined in a thorny public policy debate. This time, however, the discussion is not about abortion, birth control or health insurance mandates. It’s about wolves. Specifically, a bill in the Wisconsin Legislature to authorize a hunting season on wolves. The State Senate has approved it, and the Assembly is set to consider the bill on Tuesday. Hunters approve of the season, and Republicans are all for it, as are some Democrats. Wildlife biologists have a number of criticisms and suggestions about the bill involving how, when and how many wolves should be killed. But the Great Lakes Indian Fish and Game Commission, which represents 11 tribes of the Ojibwe (also known as the Chippewa, or Anishinaabe) in Wisconsin, Minnesota and Michigan, opposes the hunt on the basis of religious principle and tradition.

In written testimony presented to both legislative houses, James Zorn, the executive administrator of the commission, said, “In the Anishinaabe creation story we are taught that Ma’iingan (wolf) is a brother to Original man.” He continued, “The health and survival of the Anishinaabe people is tied to that of Ma’iingan.” For that reason the tribes are opposed to a public hunt. Joe Rose Sr., a professor emeritus of Native American studies at Northland College in Ashland, Wis., and an elder of the Bad River Band, said in an interview that he saw a collision of world views. “We don’t have stories like Little Red Riding Hood, or the Three Little Pigs, or the werewolves of Transylvania,” he said. Wolf, or Ma’iingan, is a sacred creature, and so even keeping the population of wolves to minimum levels runs counter to traditional beliefs.

Leech Lake Ojibwe delegation to Washington 1899. PD. Wikimedia Commons.

The opposition of the Ojibwe to the hunt may not swing a vote, but it is not a small matter. The Ojibwe have significant rights in lands that were once theirs, lands that, in Wisconsin, amount to about the northern third of the state. That, of course, is where most of Wisconsin’s wolves live. Peter David, a conservation biologist with the Indian Fish and Game Commission, said that court settlements on treaty rights mean that the tribes must be consulted about decisions like the wolf hunt, and they were not. Also, he said, “the tribes can legally lay claim to half of the biological harvest.” What that could mean for a wolf hunt that the tribes oppose is not clear. What is clear is that the opposition of the Ojibwe is more like objections to funding for abortions or birth control than it is the calculations of scientists, not in political tone, but in its essence. All the other arguments center on numbers, practicality and consequences. How much damage do wolves do to livestock? How effective is this kind of hunt in reducing those depredations? How many wolves should be killed?

The original goal, set once it was clear that wolves were coming back in the state, on their own, was 350 wolves. With protection, the wolf population has grown to about 800. Adrian Treves, an associate professor of environmental studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, says that the carrying capacity of the state is probably about 1,000. Dr. Treves has also testified about the bill. He would like to see fixes — for instance, ruling out hunting with dogs. But he sees the issue as one of wildlife management. Mr. Zorn said in his testimony that for the Ojibwe, “wolf recovery does not hinge primarily upon some minimum number of animals comprising the current wolf population.” Rather, he said, the goal is “the healthiest and most abundant future for our brother and ourselves.” Mr. Rose put it this way: “We see the wolf as a predictor of our future. And what happens to wolf happens to Anishinaabe.” And, he said, “whether other people see it or not, the same will happen to them.”


Alberta 03/12/12 vancouversun.com: by Tony Seskus – Excerpt: “This is cougar country. Locals were reminded of that fact again this past week after a cougar attacked a family dog out for an evening walk with its owner and another dog. The owner, Dave Weighell, kicked, yelled and chased off the cougar. The dog didn’t suffer major injuries, but the incident still had the town buzzing. “All of a sudden it makes it really real,” said Kim Titchener of Bow Valley WildSmart, an organization that works to reduce conflict between people and wildlife. “To have it actually happen downtown in your community is a lot scarier than having it happen on a trail or out there in the backcountry,” Titchener added. Canmore, located about 100 kilometres west of Calgary and a short drive from Banff National Park, is a community where residents are accustomed to living with nature on their doorstep.” – For complete article see http://www.vancouversun.com/news/alberta/Canmore+buzzing+after+cougar+attacks+family+middle+town/6288197/story.html

Ontario 03/13/12 theontarion.com: Officials have received a number of reports about coyotes attacking pets in the last few weeks. Families are being urged to keep a close watch on small children, and to keep pets inside at night. See http://www.theontarion.com/2012/03/coyotes-attacks-increase-in-frequency/

Ten MONTANA WILD TURKEYS killed by POX VIRUS ~ MAINE den of wild BLACK BEAR sow with two cubs on live video stream ~ OREGON WOLVES blamed for injuries to LIVESTOCK ~ CONNECTICUT reports rash of DOGS being attacked by COYOTES ~ CALIFORNIA confirms eight MICE test positive for HANTAVIRUS ~ MONTANA officials puzzled by MOUNTAIN LION that killed eight LLAMAS ~ NEBRASKA reports MOUNTAIN LION sighting ~ RABIES reports from GEORGIA, NORTH CAROLINA, PENNSYLVANIA (2), SOUTH CAROLINA, & TEXAS ~ CDC Reports: ZOONOTIC DISEASE summary for week ending February 25, 2012.

Eastern Wild Turkey. Courtesy U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

Montana 03/09/12 helenair.com: State wildlife officials say 10 wild turkeys near the town of Olive in Powder River County have died of the avian pox virus. Fish, Wildlife and Parks officials say the virus is most commonly contracted from domestic poultry. It is not always fatal, but in this case the “chicken pox” type rash broke out in the mouths and throats of the birds, preventing them from eating and drinking and impairing their breathing. Symptoms of infected birds are a rash on the legs or head, birds continually walking in circles or sitting in a roost tree for days without leaving. FWP State Veterinarian Jennifer Ramsey says there is no risk of infection to humans or livestock, but she does not recommend letting pets eat the carcasses of harvested turkeys.

Maine wildliferesearchfoundation.org: The Wildlife Research Foundation along with the cooperation of Maine’s Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife has placed a live streaming video camera in the den of a wild Maine Black Bear named Lugnut who gave birth to two cubs on January 16, 2012. See http://www.wildliferesearchfoundation.org/

OR3, a 3-year-old male of the Imnaha pack.

Oregon 03/10/12 ktvl.com: A pack of wolves in Eastern Oregon that has drawn the ire of ranchers has been blamed for injuries to three cows, one of which was euthanized. The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife says the cows found Thursday suffered hundreds of bite wounds that the department attributes to wolf bites. One of the cow’s calves is missing.  The department says the Eastern Oregon Imnaha wolf pack is to blame. A judge has blocked a kill order targeting two members of the pack. The most famous member of the pack, OR-7, achieved celebrity status by wandering hundreds of miles from Eastern Oregon and into Northern California looking for a mate. Another member of the pack, OR-9, was killed in Idaho last month by a hunter.

Connecticut 03/09/12 courant.com: by Katherine Ogden – Coyotes attacked and killed at least seven small dogs across Connecticut and injured several others during February, according to state and local wildlife officials. The deaths of two dogs in Simsbury were attributed to coyotes. Fairfield, Milford, Greenwich, South Windsor and Wallingford each had one dog reported killed by coyotes.

Deer Mouse. Common Hantavirus vector.

California 03/09/12 Escondido, Santee, and San Diego, San Diego County: Local health officials have confirmed that eight mice found recently in three communities have tested positive for hantavirus. See http://www.cbs8.com/story/17125304/several-mice-found-infected-with-hantavirus

Montana 03/10/12 Helena, Lewis and Clarke County: Federal wildlife officials that shot a 175 pound male mountain lion in late February are puzzled over why the lion killed as many as eight llamas in the Birdseye area but didn’t eat any of them. For complete article see http://billingsgazette.com/news/state-and-regional/montana/mountain-lion-s-kills-of-llamas-mystify-wildlife-officials/article_1fba2ebb-225f-5180-be1a-329c8faff94e.html

Nebraska 03/09/12 Wilcox, Kearney County: Unconfirmed report of a mountain lion attacking four dogs in their owner’s yard. See http://www.nebraska.tv/story/17126253/wilcox-man-spots-mountain-lion-on-property

Georgia 03/09/12 Canton, Cherokee County: Area residents are being urged to contact their medical care provider if they were exposed to a stray gray-striped kitten at The Riverstone Parkway Starbucks between February 22 and March 1. The kitten has since died and has tested positive for rabies. See http://woodstock.patch.com/articles/kitten-tests-positive-for-rabies-31ff70e6

North Carolina 03/10/12 Alamance County: A skunk killed by three dogs on Gilliam Church Road in northwest Alamance County has tested positive for rabies. One of the dogs was not up to date on shots and had to be euthanized. See http://www.thetimesnews.com/news/confirmed-53322-county-case.html rule

Pennsylvania 03/09/12 Towamencin, Montgomery County: According to local health officials, a raccoon found last week in the 200 block of Trumbauer Road has tested positive for rabies. See http://www.thereporteronline.com/article/20120309/NEWS01/120309647/-1/NEWS/rabid-raccoon-identified-in-towamencin

Pennsylvania 03/08/12 Gardners, Adams County: A stray cat that attacked and bit a woman in her barn while feeding horses has tested positive for rabies. See http://www.pennlive.com/newsflash/index.ssf/story/gardners-woman-bit-by-rabid-cat/e02f7d2d7dff4e50af897259942d5be3

South Carolina 03/09/12 Lake Wateree, Kershaw County: An area woman exposed to a raccoon has been in the care of a physician since the animal tested positive for rabies. See http://www2.scnow.com/news/pee-dee/2012/mar/09/dhec-says-rabies-positive-racoon-found-kershaw-cou-ar-3382597/

Texas 03/10/12 Lindale, Smith County: A skunk found in the 13000 block of County Road 4200 has tested positive for rabies. See http://www.news-journal.com/woodcounty/life/rabid-skunk-found-in-lindale/article_7564fa2d-235b-55df-9177-a8ed85c02d43.html

CDC Reports:

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending February 25, 2012:

Published March 2, 2012/ 61(08); ND-100-ND-113

Anaplasmosis . . . 2 . . . New York (2),

Babesiosis . . . 1 . . . Pennsylvania,

Brucellosis . . . 1 . . . New York, 

Ehrlichiosis . . . 1 . . . Rhode Island,

Giardiasis . . . 100 . . . Alaska, Arkansas, Florida (20), Iowa, Maine, Maryland (2), Michigan (5), Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada (3), New York (24), Ohio (15), Oregon (2), Pennsylvania (5), Vermont (2), Virginia (3), Washington (11), Wyoming (2)

HME/HGE Undetermined . . . 1 . . . New York,  

Lyme Disease . . .  83. . . Florida, Maryland (4), Nevada, New Jersey (44), New York (17), Ohio, Pennsylvania (12), Virginia (3),

Rabies (Animal) . . . 21. . . Alaska, Arkansas (2), Florida (4), Missouri, New York (3), Virginia (10),

Spotted Fever (Confirmed) . . . 1. . . Tennessee,

Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 1 . . . Missouri, New York.

FOLLOW-UP REPORTS: Celebrity WOLF OR-7 returns to OREGON without an Oscar ~ ILLINOIS city issues COYOTE warning ~ ARIZONA reports rapid rise of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER ~ CANADA: YUKON xcountry ski club warns of WOLVES ~ RABIES reports from SOUTH CAROLINA, TEXAS, & VIRGINIA ~ BOOK REVIEW: Out of the Woods: Healing from LYME DISEASE and other Chronic Illness ~ CDC Reports: Results of CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE study.

Gray Wolf. Courtesy National Park Service.

Follow-Up Reports:

(For previous reports on this topic use search term OR-7)

Oregon 03/02/12 or.gov: News Release – Wolf OR-7 was located in Oregon for the first time since late December at noon yesterday, March 1. As of midnight last night, OR-7 was in Jackson County, Oregon. OR-7 had been in northern Siskiyou County, California, less than 10 miles from the Oregon-California border, for the past 12 days. While OR-7 crossed a state boundary yesterday, his movement was small (about 30 miles). “While wolves crossing state boundaries may be significant for people, wolves and other wildlife don’t pay attention to state borders,” said Russ Morgan, ODFW wolf coordinator. “It’s possible OR-7 will cross back into California and be using areas in both states. ODFW will continue to monitor his location and coordinate with U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and California Fish and Game.” While OR-7 is west of Highways 395-78-95 in Oregon, he remains protected by both the federal and state Endangered Species Acts.

OR-7 left the Imnaha pack in September 2011 and went through Baker, Grant, Lake, Crook, Harney, Deschutes, Klamath and Jackson counties before entering California Dec. 28, 2011. While in California, he travelled through eastern Siskiyou County, northeastern Shasta County and then resided in Lassen County for a few weeks. On Feb. 11 he re-entered Shasta County and then, about a week later, he crossed north into Siskiyou County. California Fish and Game has been updating his status on the website  www.dfg.ca.gov/wolf/ For more information on wolves in Oregon visit http://www.dfw.state.or.us/wolves/

Illinois 02/29/12 suntimes.com: The city issued a warning for residents Thursday — be on the lookout for coyotes. City officials said they have received 25 calls from residents since the beginning of the year reporting coyote sightings in residential areas. There has been a large increase in the coyote population in Illinois in the past two decades, especially in the Chicago area, city officials note. In Aurora, reported coyote sightings so far this year are on track to exceed 2011 when Animal Control fielded 53 such calls, officials said. Sightings have been reported on the city’s far southeast side where homes are adjacent to rural or wooded areas, and on the West Side. Animal Control officials said the increased sightings are not unusual at this time of year because the coyotes’ mating cycles result in younger animals leaving their family territories and venturing out on their own. Coyotes are mainly nocturnal animals but may be more visible during the daytime in spring and summer. While most coyotes are leery of people and tend to stay clear of humans, they can still be a danger, especially to young children, Animal Control officials warn. It is not unusual for coyotes to attack dogs and other pets. The most effective way to prevent attacks is to eliminate feeding coyotes either intentionally or accidentally. Coyotes can be attracted to bird and squirrel feeders, bread that is fed to ducks and geese, pet food that is left outside, and other unintentional food sources. When coyotes find these types of food in residential areas, they may lose their fear of humans and eventually test both people and pets as possible prey, officials said. Anyone approached by a coyote should yell, wave their arms, or throw an object at the coyote — but should never run away. Family pets like dogs and cats — especially small pets — should not be left unwatched while outside.  Residents who are attacked by a coyote, or who have a pet that is attacked, should contact Aurora Animal Control at 630-256-3630.

Brown Dog Tick.

Arizona 02/29/12 cronkitenewsonline.com: by Brittany Smith – Reported Arizona cases of a potentially fatal disease spread by ticks have increased steadily over the past decade and spiked within the last two years. With temperatures warming, state and federal officials say those heading into the outdoors should be aware of the danger. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever is an infection that in Arizona is spread primarily by the common brown dog tick, which is common in higher elevations. The ticks often attach to dogs and can then move over to people. Will Humble, director of the state Department of Health Services, said Arizonans need to manage their pets in the outdoors to keep the disease from spreading. “If everyone used tick collars on their dogs, I think we’d have a lot fewer cases,” Humble said. “People may not realize that if they take their Phoenix dog to the high mountain they need to use a tick collar.”

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever petechial rash

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever first appeared on the department’s radar in 2002. Since then, the number of reported cases in the state has steadily increased, with 23 cases reported in 2009 and 52 cases in 2011. There was one known death in 2009 and five known deaths in 2011, according to the state health department. Most cases have been in eastern Arizona, but Humble said there are now cases being reported in southern Arizona. – For complete article see http://cronkitenewsonline.com/2012/02/rise-of-rocky-mountain-spotted-fever-has-officials-urging-caution-outdoors/


Yukon 03/02/12 cbc.ca: The Whitehorse Cross Country Ski Club has posted “wolves in the area” signs for the first time ever after some unusual encounters between wolves and skiers on a couple of the trails. The operations manager for the ski trails, Mike Gladish, says it’s not unusual for wolves to be on the trails. He often sees their tracks. “But there were a couple of sightings last week where one skier had an encounter with two wolves that kind of stood their ground and then we had another skier notice a wolf behind her for a couple of kilometres.” Gladish said the encounters were on the Pierre Harvey Loop and the 10 K. Robyn Dunfield regularly skis at Mount MacIntyre, towing her two children. The youngest is just four months old. She said she is now sticking to a well-travelled route close to the chalet. “It makes me very nervous,” she said. “I don’t know a lot about wolves, but I also don’t want to encounter them ever.”  Mike Gladish said this is the first time wolf warnings have been posted on the trails, but adds it’s no different from other safety advisories.

South Carolina 03/02/12 Columbia, Lexington & Richland Counties: A third fox attack in two weeks has another area resident, this time a firefighter, receiving post-exposure prophylaxis rabies treatments. A gray fox bit Robert Adkins, 20, as he walked away from a fire training site near a wooded area on Ball Park Road. See http://www.thestate.com/2012/03/02/2173809/another-fox-attack-reported.html

Texas 03/01/12 College Station, Brazos County: Officials are looking for a brown Dachshund that bit a person in the 400 block of Walton Drive so they can confirm the dog’s rabies vaccination status. See http://www.theeagle.com/local/Search-under-way-for-dachshund-that-bit-College-Station-homeown–7005320

Virginia 03/01/12 Pittsylvania/Danville Health District: A rabies alert has been issued for residents of Franklin Turnpike after a second skunk tested positive for the virus this week. See http://www2.wsls.com/news/2012/mar/01/skunk-tests-positive-rabies-pittsylvania-county-ar-1732851/

Book Review:

Out of the Woods: Healing from Lyme Disease and other Chronic Illness by Katina I. Makris – Review by Olivera Baumgartner-Jackson: When a healer and a health care columnist spends several years completely baffled and in absolute torment, chances are that her mysterious flu-like illness is something that is truly difficult to diagnose. It took Katina Makris five years to receive a correct diagnosis, and a long time to even partially recover from it. Her journey is described beautifully in Out of the Woods, which encompasses both her memoirs and an eye-opening “Nuts and Bolts” section on signs, symptoms, and available treatments for Lyme disease. There were many valuable lessons to be learned from this beautifully written book. Some were rather obvious ones about cherishing what we have, since it could so easily be gone the very next moment, the importance of having a good support system and the need to work with one’s doctor(s). Then there were those that should be obvious, but many times are not, like the importance of being persistent in trying to get your point across to the doctor when one does not feel that the real issue is being addressed. – For complete review see http://www.seattlepi.com/lifestyle/blogcritics/article/Book-Review-Out-of-the-Woods-Healing-from-Lyme-3371247.php

CDC Reports:

North America & South Korea cdc.gov: Emerging Infectious Diseases, Volume 18, Number 3 – March 2012: Abstract – Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a fatal, transmissible prion disease that affects captive and free-ranging deer, elk, and moose. Although the zoonotic potential of CWD is considered low, identification of multiple CWD strains and the potential for agent evolution upon serial passage hinders a definitive conclusion. Surveillance for CWD in free-ranging populations has documented a continual geographic spread of the disease throughout North America. CWD prions are shed from clinically and preclinically affected hosts, and CWD transmission is mediated at least in part by the environment, perhaps by soil. Much remains unknown, including the sites and mechanisms of prion uptake in the naive host. There are no therapeutics or effective eradication measures for CWD-endemic populations. Continued surveillance and research of CWD and its effects on cervid ecosystems is vital for controlling the long-term consequences of this emerging disease. – For complete report see http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/18/3/11-0685_article.htm#suggestedcitation