Tag Archives: fox

FERAL CATS become major issue in a VIRGINIA city ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: Biologist identifies mystery white animal found in MAINE ~ RABIES reports from CA, CO, CT, FLx2, GAx2, ME, NM, NY, TX, & VA.

Feral cat colony. Photo by Scott Granneman. Wikimedia Commons.

Feral cat colony. Photo by Scott Granneman. Wikimedia Commons.

Virginia 03/30/13 matinsvillemedia.com: The Martinsville Police Department is asking for citizens’ help in identifying their cats from the feral cats which have become a major issue in the city. Each year the department receives approximately 50 to 75 citizen requests asking them to trap feral cats which are on their property The main concern with feral cats is that they are frequent carriers of feline A.I.D.S. and feline leukemia. Because feral cats compete for food with other wild animals such as skunks and raccoons they are more susceptible to contracting rabies which can be spread to humans. Very often citizens complain that feral cats are getting into their trash, walking on their vehicles or posing a threat to the safety of their pets. Oftentimes feral cats become a nuisance to business owners when they begin staying in vacant buildings and warehouses.

FeralCatPyramidIn an effort to address the growing problem, Animal Control Officer E.C. Stone captured over 400 cats during the past two years, 36 of which came from a single vacant warehouse. The Police Department is asking that all citizens who own a cat to properly identify it by placing a collar on it bearing proof of rabies vaccination. According to Virginia State Code, ownership of a cat requires that a collar bearing proof of current rabies vaccination be placed on all domestic cats 4 months of age and older. Officer Stone also noted that according to Martinsville City Code, if a person feeds a feral cat, you are deemed to have constructive ownership of the cat and therefore are responsible for its rabies vaccination. Officer Stone encourages owners of cats to please consider having their pet spayed or neutered.

Follow-Up Report:

(See – Is WHITE ANIMAL found dead in MAINE a WOLF, COYOTE, or DOG? – posted 03/23/13)

WhiteCoyoteMaine 03/26/13 seacoastonline.com: by Laura Dolce – A wildlife expert said he finally has an answer on the mystery white animal found dead in (Kennebunk) last week: It’s a rare white eastern coyote. After giving the animal a thorough examination early Monday afternoon — but not doing a necropsy yet — Maine wildlife biologist Scott Lindsay said measurements of the animal’s bones, the condition of its teeth and its bottle-brush tail all are “very consistent” with a coyote. . . . One mystery that remains, though, is exactly how this female coyote died. Lindsay said he is awaiting word from state officials on whether they wish to send it to a taxidermist to create a display with the animal for demonstration purposes. That will determine how he will necropsy the coyote, he said, which he will likely do later this week. – For complete article see http://www.seacoastonline.com/articles/20130326-NEWS-303260381?cid=sitesearch


road_sign_need_helpCalifornia 03/30/13 San Joaquin County: The family of Lucas Brandt, 17, a student at Count Stagg High School in Stockton, would like to find the owner of a dog that bit their son two weeks ago on the Calaveras River Bike Trail. Neither the dog, a black pit bull, nor its owner has been found, and Lucas is being treated for exposure to rabies as a precautionary measure. If you witnessed the incident, or know someone in the Stockton area who has a black pit bull, please contact authorities  – See http://www.recordnet.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20130330/A_NEWS/303300322

dog-fox_1811535iColorado 03/30/13 Larimer County: A fox that attacked a pet dog in Berthoud on Saturday has tested positive for rabies. The incident raises particular concerns because the area is near horse properties. – See http://www.seattlepi.com/news/science/article/Larimer-County-warns-of-rabies-in-area-4397017.php

dog_and_skunk312Connecticut 03/29/13 Tolland County: A skunk that was shot while fighting with a vaccinated dog last Monday in the vicinity of Four Bridges and George Wood roads in Somers has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.journalinquirer.com/towns/rabid-skunk-found-in-somers/article_37e04ae8-987e-11e2-9442-001a4bcf887a.html

Florida 03/29/13 Palm Beach County: Two raccoons that attacked two dogs in separate incidents last week have both tested positive for rabies. Last Monday a dachshund was attacked in Lantana, and on Thursday a Chihuahua BrunoBoxerPuppy29WeeksRaccoon2 - Copywas attacked in Lake Clarke Shores. – See http://www.examiner.com/article/rabies-alert-palm-beach-county-after-two-raccoons-test-positive-for-disease

Florida 03/29/13 Marion County: A raccoon found about three miles southwest of Reddick has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.ocala.com/article/20130329/ARTICLES/130329611

0Georgia 03/29/13 Camden County: A pet cat belonging to a family living in the Southern Pines mobile home park in Kingsland has tested positive for rabies. Two people are being treated for exposure and the cat and two other pets in the home have been euthanized. – See http://www.firstcoastnews.com/news/georgia/article/306327/5/Health-officials-discover-rabid-cat

Georgia 03/29/13 Habersham County: A skunk that fought with a dog at 1147 Chopped Oak Road on Thursday has tested positive for rabies. The dog is not current with its rabies vaccination and may have to be euthanized. – See thumbnailCAPCM82RWChttp://www.accessnorthga.com/detail.php?n=259961

Maine 03/29/13 York County: A dead raccoon found in Kennebunk on Friday has tested positive for rabies. – See http://bangordailynews.com/2013/03/29/news/portland/kennebunk-police-confirm-case-of-rabies/

dog-foxNew Mexico 03/29/13 Socorro County: A fox that bit an unvaccinated dog about a mile south of Magdalena on March 23rd has tested positive for rabies. The dog had to be euthanized. It was reported the dog’s owner has been previously ticketed for allowing unvaccinated dogs to roam at large. – See http://www.dchieftain.com/2013/03/29/rabies-found-in-fox-by-magdalena

please-call-me-graphic-for-orkut-facebookNew York 03/29/13 Lewis County: Public Health Agency officials are asking for help in trying to find the owner of a dog that bit a person. The bite occurred about 4:30 p.m. Monday at routes 410 and 126 in the hamlet of Naumburg, town of Croghan. The dog is a fawn-colored boxer. Unless verification of its rabies vaccination is received, the person who was bitten will have to undergo a series of rabies post-exposure shots. Anyone with information is asked to call Lewis County Public Health at 376-5453.

PHIL_2186_thumb SkunkTexas 03/29/13 Collin County: A skunk that came in contact with a Plano resident’s vaccinated pets last week has tested positive for rabies. The pets have been quarantined. – See http://planoblog.dallasnews.com/2013/03/plano-officials-urge-caution-after-skunk-tests-positive-for-rabies.html/

rabidfox-720507Virginia 03/29/13 City of Waynesboro: A young fox that fought with two vaccinated dogs at a home off Meadowview Cove last Wednesday has tested positive for rabies. The dogs have been quarantined. – See http://www.newsleader.com/article/20130329/NEWS01/303290007/Rabies-case-reported-Waynesboro


Is WHITE ANIMAL found dead in MAINE a WOLF, COYOTE, or DOG? ~ WOMAN in MANITOBA, CANADA, attacked by WOLF ~ MONTANA reports first case of HANTAVIRUS for 2013 ~ RABIES reports from AL, CA, GA, NJ, NCx2, ND, PA, & TXx3.

One of six white wolves at the White Wolf Sanctuary near Tidewater, OR. Photo by Oregon Dept. of Transportation.

One of six white wolves at the White Wolf Sanctuary near Tidewater, OR. Photo by Oregon Dept. of Transportation.

Maine 03/22/13 seacoastonline.com: by Laura Dolce – Wildlife experts say they are one step closer to determining exactly what type of animal was found in Kennebunk Monday night — a wolf, coyote or dog. The story has kept people talking for days, with some speculating that the mystery animal was either a coy dog — a coyote-dog combination — or a wolf/dog hybrid. Others worried it could have been someone’s pet. The mystery first started when the white animal staggered out of the woods around 7 Monday night behind a Balsam Lane home, crawled under the back porch and died. Resident Ryan Chiasson, 14, was at home with friends. “My friend was in the bathroom and looked out window and said, ‘Oh my God, there’s a wolf!'” she said. At that point, the three teens ran onto the back porch. “It came up and stared at us,” Chiasson said. “It was limping and its mouth was open. It seemed confused.” Chiasson said the animal then went under the porch and laid down. The teens, fearing it was perhaps rabid, went in to call police. “When we came back out, it was dead,” Chiasson said. While Chiasson and her friends thought the all-white animal was an albino wolf, a Kennebunk police officer who came to the scene told them it was a coyote. – For the complete article and photos of the animal see http://www.seacoastonline.com/articles/20130322-NEWS-130329898


1mYhUM.AuSt.7Manitoba 03/18/13 cbc.ca: A woman in Manitoba, Canada, was receiving rabies treatment Wednesday after surviving a roadside attack by a timber wolf. Dawn Hepp was driving along a highway near Grand Rapids, Manitoba, on March 8 when she pulled over to see if a stopped motorist was in need of help, Canadian national broadcaster CBC reported. As she walked to the other motorist’s car, the wolf leapt at her. “His face and his jaws were around my neck,” she told CBC, adding that she could feel the wolf’s fur on her face. “He dug a little deeper with that tooth and by the larynx,” she added. “Whether he couldn’t get a good enough grip or what, he let go.” . . . Remaining calm, Hepp drove herself to the hospital in Ashern and was treated for puncture wounds and rabies. – For complete article and photos of victim’s wounds see http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/story/2013/03/18/mb-wolf-attack-dawn-hepp-manitoba.html


Deer mouse

Deer mouse

Montana 03/22/13 kpax.com: A Deer Lodge County resident has been diagnosed with Hantavirus in what the Butte-Silver Bow Health Department says is the first case for 2013. The person, who came in contact with the virus while cleaning an area that had been contaminated by rodents, is expected to make a full recovery. – See http://www.kpax.com/news/deer-lodge-co-resident-diagnosed-with-hantavirus/


rabiesAlert521d4-1Alabama 03/19/13 Shelby County: A dog that was kept in the vicinity of County Road 61 in Columbiana and was reported acting strangely by its owner has tested positive for a variety of the rabies virus typically found in raccoons. – See http://www.shelbycountyreporter.com/2013/03/19/dog-tests-positive-for-rabies-near-columbiana/

California 03/20/13 Kern County: Officials say Kern is a rabies endemic county and in the past two weeks three of six bats tested have been found positive for the virus. Some of the bats tested were found in residential areas, and one was found in a schoolyard. – See http://www.turnto23.comneverbarehandedsm/news/local-news/kern-county-is-a-rabies-endemic-county-seeing-an-increase-in-rabies-infested-bats-in-two-weeks

Georgia 03/20/13 Forsyth County: A bat recently discovered in the backyard of a home on Riverhaven Drive in east Forsyth county has tested positive for rabies. – See http://cumming.patch.com/articles/rabid-bat-found-in-forsyth-county-backyard

angry%20racNew Jersey 03/18/13 Morris County: Local police say a raccoon that bit a child who was playing in a wooded section of land behind his home in the Indian lake section of Denville Township is likely to have rabies. The animal has not been located and an alert has been issued. – See http://www.nj.com/morris/index.ssf/2013/03/young_child_was_bitten_by_racc.html

Rabid FoxNorth Carolina 03/21/13 Orange County: by Beth Velliquette – A fox that was suspected of attacking two people in southern Chapel Hill Wednesday has tested positive for rabies. The North Carolina Public Health Laboratory tested the fox after Orange County Animal Services impounded the fox Wednesday about noon and sent the now-dead animal to the lab for testing. Animal services can’t say for sure if the fox that tested positive is the same fox that attacked two people Dogwood Acres and Southern Village on Tuesday, but they believe there’s a strong likelihood that it is. On Tuesday afternoon, a man on a ladder pruning bushes was attacked by a fox that climbed up to bite him. Officials began looking for the fox and tried to alert people in the area to be careful, but later a fox attacked a woman in Southern Village, which abuts Dogwood Acres. The next morning, the search was on again for the fox and, around noon, someone contacted authorities saying he had run over a fox that attacked the tires of his vehicle. – See http://www.heraldsun.com/news/x145781283/Chapel-Hill-fox-tests-positive-for-rabies

North Carolina 03/20/13 Davidson County: A skunk that attacked an unvaccinated dog on March 13th in Denton has tested positive for rabies. The skunk was killed by the dog, and the dog had to be euthanized. – See skunkteethhttp://www.the-dispatch.com/article/20130320/News/303209982

North Dakota 03/20/13 Burleigh County: A skunk that attacked a construction crew in Bismarck and bit one of the men before it was killed with a shovel has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.kfyrtv.com/News_Stories.asp?news=62751

KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERAPennsylvania 03/18/13 Luzerne County: Three Wilkes-Barre residents are being treated for exposure to the rabies virus after being attacked by a feral cat last week. The first victim was bitten on the leg by an orange tabby cat on George Avenue and when fliers were posted in the neighborhood two other people reported they had been scratched by the cat. – See http://psdispatch.com/news/local-news/361960/3-undergoing-treatment-for-rabies

323rabies-skunk_mediumTexas 03/18/13 Coryell County: Three skunks found in Gatesville this month have tested positive for rabies. The first was found in the 100 block of Pate Drive, the second in the 100 block of Ash Drive, and the most recent in the 1000 block of Highland Drive. – See http://www.kcentv.com/story/21672737/three-skunks-test-positive-for-rabies-in-gatesville-in-recent-weeks

Texas 03/20/13 Travis County: by Eric Janzen – The Austin-Travis County Health and Human Services department is looking for a man who dropped off a sick bat at a local vet clinic. The department is concerned the man may have been exposed to rabies. The man delivered the bat to Austin Vet Care, 4106 North Lamar, on Sunday around 2:30 p.m. He is described as a white male, approximately 6 feet tall, and bald with a stocky build. The man was last seen wearing a green t-shirt and black shorts. Anyone with information is asked to contact the Disease Surveillance Program at 512-972-5555. – See batwarninghttp://www.kxan.com/dpp/news/local/austin/officials-looking-for-man-who-may-have-rabies

Texas 03/21/13 Gregg and Harrison counties: A bat caught in Longview Tuesday at a unit in the Hidden Hills Apartment complex off Gilmer Road has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.news-journal.com/news/local/bat-caught-at-longview-apartment-complex-tests-positive-for-rabies/article_6e824274-9273-11e2-804c-001a4bcf887a.html

TRAVEL WARNINGS: CDC warns of deadly Novel (New) CORONAVIRUS in the ARABIAN PENINSULA and UNITED KINGDOM ~ RABIES VACCINE still in short supply ~ RABIES reports from GA, MO, OH, TXx2, & WV.

Bat colony. Courtesy National Park Service.

Bat colony. Courtesy National Park Service.

Travel Warnings:

Middle East

Middle East

Global 03/08/13 cdc.gov: News Release – From April 2012 to February 2013, a total of 14 people in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Jordan, and the United Kingdom (UK) were confirmed to have respiratory illness caused by a novel (new) coronavirus; 13 cases were severe and one case was mild. Eight of these 14 people died. In the UK, an infected man likely spread the virus to two family members. He had recently traveled to Pakistan and Saudi Arabia and got sick before returning to the UK. This cluster of cases provides the first evidence of person-to-person transmission. The UK’s Health Protection Agency is continuing to investigate this. Also, clusters of cases in Saudi Arabia and Jordan are being investigated.

cdc_logoCDC does not recommend that anyone change their travel plans because of these cases of the novel coronavirus. CDC recommends that US travelers to countries in or near the Arabian Peninsula monitor their health and see a doctor right away if they develop fever and symptoms of lower respiratory illness, such as cough or shortness of breath. They should tell the doctor about their recent travel. Coronaviruses are a cause of the common cold. A coronavirus also was the cause of the severe respiratory illness called SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome). SARS caused a global epidemic in 2003, but there have not been any known cases of SARS since 2004. This novel coronavirus is not the same coronavirus that caused SARS. – For further information see   http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/in-the-news/coronavirus-arabian-peninsula-uk.htm

CDC Coronavirus Investigation:

Author’s Note: According to CDC, the reservoir and route of transmission of 95673687hnvwVS_phthe novel coronavirus are still being investigated. Genetic sequencing to date has determined the virus is most closely related to coronaviruses detected in bats. CDC is continuing to collaborate with WHO and affected countries to better characterize the epidemiology of novel coronavirus infection in humans. – For further information see http://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/ncv/case-def.html

Mountain Lion Sightings:

s_mountain-lion-0002California 03/08/13 Los Angeles County: Two separate incidents involving a mountain lion, perhaps the same one, were reported in Sierra Madre. Two pets, a cat and a dog, were killed. On Tuesday of this week the lion was spotted in the vicinity of Santa Anita and Oakwood avenues, then Foothill Avenue and Camillo Road, and finally in the 500 block of Los Rocas Drive where a resident saw a house cat in its mouth. On Thursday evening a lion killed a small dog in the backyard of a home on Vista Circle Drive. Residents have been urged to keep a close eye on small children and pets. – See http://sierramadre.patch.com/articles/mountain-lion-kills-small-dog-reportedly-attacks-other-animals


IMOVAXNational 03/07/13 cdc.gov: Rabies vaccine supplies remain restricted in the United States. Rabies vaccine produced by Sanofi Pasteur (IMOVAX), is currently available for post-exposure prophylaxis only. Vaccine produced by Novartis (RabAvert), imagesCAPUQ0PZcontinues to be available for pre- and post-exposure prophylaxis. CDC continues to work with partners to monitor the status of the rabies vaccine supply. This status is not expected to change moving into spring, however, additional updates will be released as available.

Author’s Note: On February 20, 2013, the CDC reported that Sanofi Pasteur’s rabies vaccine shortage is due to “increased demand and manufacturing delay.”

5704860-portrait-of-gray-fox-barkingGeorgia 03/08/13 Richmond County: Health officials have confirmed a fox that attacked a man on February 27th in the vicinity of Mike Padgett Highway and Goshen Industrial Boulevard in Augusta has tested positive for rabies. When it later tried to attack a second person, it was put down. – See http://www2.wjbf.com/news/2013/mar/08/rabid-fox-attacks-man-south-augusta-ar-5759477/

Horse%20MouthMissouri 03/05/13 Wayne County: A horse stabled in the vicinity of Williamsville that began to deteriorate and became aggressive before dying has tested positive for rabies. This is the fourth confirmed case of animal rabies in the state this year (including three skunks in Douglas, Howell, and Ste. Genevieve counties) prompting officials to issue a Rabies Alert. – See http://www.semissourian.com/story/1946780.html

bat-in-sink-2Ohio 03/08/13 Medina County: A bat found alive Wednesday in the kitchen sink of an East Liberty Street home in the City of Medina has tested positive for rabies. – See http://medinagazette.northcoastnow.com/2013/03/08/health-department-bat-found-in-medina-home-tests-positive-for-rabies/

Texas 03/08/13 Somervell County: For the second time in two weeks a skunk found in the Rainbow area has tested positive for rabies. – See surfeit of skunkshttp://www.yourglenrosetx.com/news/community/article_1974c465-672f-5885-a24d-b71cf51b1e52.html

Texas 03/07/13 Coryell County: Two skunks shot in separate incidents in Gatesville have tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.kwtx.com/ourtown/home/headlines/Gatesville-Two-Skunks-Test-Positive-For-Rabies–195689141.html

RaccoonDEC_NY.govWest Virginia 03/08/13 Mercer County: A raccoon picked up on Princeton Avenue in Bluefield has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wvnstv.com/story/21557507/first-rabies-case-of-2013-confirmed-in-mercer-county

WOMAN in NEW YORK attacked by RABID GRAY FOX ~ CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE found in three of PENNSYLVANIA’s wild DEER for the first time ~ UTAH finds EQUINE HERPES VIRUS in fairground HORSES ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: Seven HORSES in FLORIDA now confirmed with EQUINE HERPES VIRUS ~ RABIES report from VIRGINIA.

Gray fox. Photo by New York Department of Environmental Conservation.

Gray fox. Photo by New York Department of Environmental Conservation.

New York 03/01/13 Albany County: Health officials have issued a Rabies Alert in the Jefferson Avenue and Lansing Park area of Cohoes after it was reported that a woman was bitten by a gray fox on Friday morning. That morning a man in the same area reported being chased into his house by an aggressive fox. Later that day police shot a fox in the same vicinity and it tested positive for the virus. The police chief said both the animal involved in the biting incident and the one shot had a strong skunk odor so police believe they are one and the same animal, but they cannot be absolutely certain so the alert remains in force. – See http://www.timesunion.com/local/article/Rabies-feared-in-Cohoes-fox-bite-4320475.php

Chronic Wasting Disease:

DeerWinter2_Michigan.govPennsylvania 03/01/13 state.pa.us: News Release – The Pennsylvania Game Commission today confirmed three hunter-killed deer taken in the 2012 general firearms deer season have tested positive for Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD). Two were from Blair County; the other was from Bedford County. “These are the first positive cases of CWD in free-ranging deer in Pennsylvania,” confirmed Pennsylvania Game Commission Executive Director Carl G. Roe. “The disease was first documented in early October, 2012, by the state Department of Agriculture in a captive deer on an Adams County deer farm.” The three hunter-killed deer tissue samples were collected by Game Commission personnel during annual deer aging field checks during the general firearms season for deer. The samples were tested and identified as suspect positive by the Department of Agriculture as part of an ongoing annual statewide CWD surveillance program. The tissue samples were confirmed to be positive for CWD by the National Veterinary Services Laboratories in Ames, Iowa, as part of an established verification process. “The three CWD-positives were part of 2,945 deer sampled for the disease statewide,” explained Roe. “To date, we have received test results from 1,500 samples, including these three positive samples.  Results from the remaining samples should be available in the next few weeks.”- For complete release see http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt?open=512&objID=12775&PageID=648010&mode=2&contentid=http://pubcontent.state.pa.us/publishedcontent/publish/marketingsites/game_commission/content/resources/newsreleases/newsrelease/articles/release__019_13.html

Equine Herpes Virus (EHV-1):

308895-six-exposed-to-hendra-infected-horseUtah 02/27/13 sltrib.com: The Utah state veterinarian has issued several quarantines in Cache County following confirmation of two cases of Equine Herpes Virus (EHV-1) and three other suspected cases. The outbreak is confined to Cache County, but horse owners throughout Utah are advised to take extra precautions when taking their animals to shows or public arenas. The Cache County Fairgrounds has closed its riding arena until further notice as it is believed that most of the horses had been at the facility within the past week. Two of the five horses have been euthanized because of their condition. The three other animals are under observation and quarantine. The virus is not transmissible to people. – For complete report see http://www.sltrib.com/sltrib/money/55914440-79/horses-cache-county-nose.html.csp

Follow-Up Report:

(See FLORIDA issues EQUINE HERPES VIRUS ALERT  posted 03/01/13)

phpThumb_generated_thumbnailjpgFlorida 03/01/13 abcnews.go.com: The number of horses confirmed with Equine Herpes Virus (EHV-1) in Florida now numbers seven, of which six have been linked to a horse show in Ocala. The seventh horse is stabled in Wellington. The virus is not known to be transmittable to humans.– See http://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory/equine-herpes-virus-horses-fla-18623001


imagesCAQVTCKPVirginia 03/01/13 Henrico County: A raccoon found in the 1600 block of Forest Glen Road in northern Henrico has tested positive for rabies. Two vaccinated dogs that were in contact with the raccoon have been quarantined. – See http://wtvr.com/2013/03/01/henrico-rabies-alert-2/

Missing piece of LYME DISEASE puzzle published in New England Journal of Medicine ~ RABIES reports from FL, MA, PA, & TX ~ CDC issues final WEST NILE VIRUS report for 2012.

Red fox after mouse. Photo by State of Connecticut.

Red fox after mouse. Photo by State of Connecticut.

National 12/27/12 medpagetoday.com: by Nancy Walsh – Excerpts – “With almost 25,000 cases confirmed by the CDC in 2011, Lyme disease indeed is a serious public health concern, but the evidence continues to argue against infection with the tick-borne spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi as the cause of multiple persisting complaints including neurocognitive abnormalities and chronic musculoskeletal pain.”

nejm-logo “The most recent piece of this puzzle, published last month in the New England Journal of Medicine, was the determination that what seemed to be persistent NymphalDeerTickdisease and relapse actually was a new infection. In that study, Robert B. Nadelman, MD, of New York Medical College in Valhalla, and colleagues conducted genotype analyses of an outer surface protein of B. burgdorferi from 17 patients who had had more than one episode of the pathognomonic erythema migrans rash. In the 22 paired episodes of Lyme disease in this group of patients, not a single one was found to have the same surface protein genotype in either skin or blood cultures for the two episodes. Moreover, the recurrent skin lesions most often developed 1 or 2 years after the initial episode, and did so in the summer months when primary infections are most likely to occur, implying that the individuals had been reinfected.”

Shrew. Photo by Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Shrew. Photo by Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

“In particular, these researchers reported, the continuing expansion of the incidence and geography of Lyme disease may reflect a shift in predator patterns throughout North America. The near-extinction of the gray wolf has allowed coyotes to move to a dominant niche in the food chain, which has resulted in a sharp decrease in the population of red foxes, a favored prey of the coyote. This, in turn, has led to a rise in the numbers of foxes’ smaller prey, such as the white-footed mouse, the Eastern chipmunk, and two types of shrew — the very animals that are responsible for the infection of up to 90% of ticks with B. burgdorferi.” – For complete article see http://www.medpagetoday.com/InfectiousDisease/GeneralInfectiousDisease/36629


image487Florida 12/28/12 Suwannee County: Health officials have issued a Rabies Alert after a raccoon found in the area west of County Road 49 and south of 296th Street, which is southeast of Branford, tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wtxl.com/news/rabies-alert-issued-in-suwannee-county/article_418ece86-510f-11e2-8425-001a4bcf6878.html

3610192083_22eaf9db7aMassachusetts 12/28/12 Middlesex County: A cat that has been roaming around the Vernon Street area in the center of Framingham and bit a person on Dec. 22nd has tested positive for rabies. The animal is described as a young adult domestic short-hair gray tiger. Officials do not know if the cat was feral or a pet and are encouraging anyone bitten or scratched by the animal to seek medical advice immediately. – See http://www.boston.com/yourtown/news/framingham/2012/12/framingham_officials_warn_resi.html

IMG4336e-L-001Pennsylvania 12/27/12 citizenstandard.com: by Rebecca Zemencik – Tri-Valley school officials have reported that approximately 27 Mahantongo Elementary students had come in contact with a stray cat that was determined to have rabies earlier this month. A special meeting was held Tuesday, Dec. 18, in the Mahantongo all-purpose room with representatives from the Pennsylvania Department of Health and the Center for Disease Control to discuss the facts about rabies and to clear up any questions or concerns that parents had. According to Superintendent Mark D. Snyder, sometime between Tuesday, Dec. 4 and Wednesday, Dec. 5, there was a gray, striped farm cat from an adjacent property that had been on school property in the area of the playground and several students had come in contact with the cat. Dr. Amanda Beudoin, DVM, PhD, Epidemic Intelligence Service Officer for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, serving a fellowship with the Pennsylvania Department of Health, assured parents that just because their children may have petted the cat, they would not be susceptible to contracting rabies. “Even though a cat licks itself, a person would not contract rabies by just petting the animal,” said Dr. Beudoin. “However, if that student had a cut or an open wound on their hand, then they should be treated with the rabies vaccines.” Approximately 20 parents attended the meeting and most parents confirmed that they had their children treated as a precautionary measure. Rabies is the type of disease that until symptoms appear it is too late then to treat the disease and death will occur. Mahantongo Elementary Nurse Paula Morgan was actually bitten by the cat and has been undergoing shots every so many days since the incident. – For complete article see http://citizenstandard.com/news/rabies-concerns-addressed-1.1420979

image001skunkandcanineTexas 12/28/12 Navarro County: A small, 18-month-old dog belonging to a family with a small child in Blooming Grove has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.athensreview.com/breakingnews/x2056568811/State-confirms-Navarro-County-rabies-case

West Nile Virus (WNV):

cdc_logoNational 12/11/12 cdc.gov: As of December 11, 2012, 48 states have reported West Nile virus infections in people, birds, or mosquitoes. A total of 5,387 cases of West Nile virus disease in people, including 243 deaths, have been reported to CDC. Of these, 2,734 (51%) were classified as neuroinvasive disease (such as meningitis or encephalitis) and 2,653 (49%) were classified as non-neuroinvasive disease. The 5,387 cases reported thus far in 2012 is the highest number of West Nile virus disease cases reported to CDC through the second week in December since 2003. Eighty percent of the cases have been reported from 13 states (Texas, California, Louisiana, Illinois, Mississippi, South Dakota, Michigan, Oklahoma, Nebraska, Colorado, Arizona, Ohio, and New York) and a third of all cases have been reported from Texas. – This will be the last update for 2012 until final data are available in the spring of 2013. – For further details and maps see http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.htm



Feral cat colony. PD

Feral cat colony. PD

Georgia 12/04/12 Chatham County: A feral cat found in the Godley Station of Pooler has tested positive for rabies. Officials are looking for a man they believe may have been bitten by the cat, and at least five other people were exposed to the gray and white tabby. – See http://savannahnow.com/latest-news/2012-12-04/cat-tests-positive-rabies-public-health-officials-seek-possible-bite-victim#.UL7JoIYt7WD

Author’s Note:  See Chatham County, Georgia, above. As of 12/06/12, at least ten people and two pets are being treated for potential exposure to rabies due to possible contact this with gray and white tabby cat. – See http://www2.wsav.com/news/2012/dec/06/metro-says-10-people-and-two-pets-were-exposed-rab-ar-5117677/

raccoon_catNew Jersey 12/06/12 Atlantic County: A feral cat that had been bitten by a raccoon has tested positive for rabies, the fourth confirmed case of rabies this year in Atlantic County. The cat was surrendered by the owner of a Mallard Court property in Pleasantville earlier this week according to the Atlantic County Division of Public Health. The property owner stated that the cat had been bitten by a raccoon about a month ago and had since been displaying neurological symptoms. The cat was sent to the state lab for testing where it was confirmed positive on December 4. – See http://www.nbc40.net/story/20279862/fourth-case-of-rabies-found-in-atlantic-county

Billboard1-1North Dqkota 12/06/12 Stutsman County: A cat found on November 30th by local animal control authorities close to the Tesoro gas station at 2015 Eighth Ave. SW in Jamestown has tested positive for rabies. The adult female cat was an orange and white tabby with long hair and was declawed. It is not known who owned the cat, or if the cat was from Jamestown or dropped off there, the Health Department said. Anybody missing a cat matching the description or who may have information about this cat should contact the North Dakota Department of Health. Pet owners who believe one of their pets may have been exposed to the rabid cat should contact their local veterinarian or the state veterinarian’s office.  Anybody who was bitten or otherwise exposed to the saliva of this animal should contact his or her health care provider and the North Dakota Department of Health immediately to determine the need to receive preventive treatment for rabies. – See http://www.jamestownsun.com/event/article/id/175041/group/News/

Other Rabies Reports:

knzjts-080709inknoseskunk - CopyConnecticut 12/06/12 New Haven County: A skunk that was killed by three vaccinated dogs on Wolf Hill Road in Cheshire on Tuesday has tested positive for rabies. – See http://nhregister.com/articles/2012/12/06/news/metro/doc50c11e1a759ac838977365.txt

thumbnailCA7RYDRPGeorgia 12/03/12 Gwinnett County: A raccoon found on November 22nd in the 4300 block of Grey Park Drive in Buford has tested positive for rabies. – See http://loganville.patch.com/articles/rabies-alert-issued-in-gwinnett-county-b2261ea3

RedFoxUSFWS-001Oregon 12/05/12 Jackson County: A dead fox found at a home near Jacksonville on November 27th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.mailtribune.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20121205/NEWS/212050321

raccoon - CopyVirginia 12/06/12 Hampton: A raccoon found in the Sunset Creek area of Victoria Boulevard after it was killed by a family dog has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.dailypress.com/news/breaking/dp-hampton-rabies-1206,0,4675031.story

Chronic Wasting Disease:

Doe-Fawn-Buck-1Wisconsin 12/03/12 journaltimes.com: A deer killed near Bohners Lake has tested positive for chronic wasting disease, the first known case in Racine County, according to a release Monday from the state Department of Natural Resources. Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a contagious neurological disease affecting deer, as well as elk and moose. According to the DNR, CWD causes a “spongy degeneration” of the infected animal’s brain, which eventually leads to death. The DNR was sampling for the disease in Racine County kills because of the proximity to Kenosha and Walworth County, where deer have tested positive for the disease in the past. “It’s disappointing but not unexpected to have a CWD-positive in Racine County,” said Tim Lizotte, CWD operations supervisor for the DNR.

Deer with CWD.

Deer with CWD.

Bow-hunters shot the three-and-a-half-year-old doe just south of Burlington on Nov. 12, and volunteered the kill to the DNR for sampling, according to the department. This sampling result does not change any remaining hunting seasons, and it doesn’t change the current CWD management zone boundary, according to the DNR. Deer suffering from the disease exhibit symptoms including lack of fear of humans, excessive urination, teeth grinding, severe emaciation and dehydration, visible weakness and a rough, dull coat.

West Nile Virus (WNV):

LA-DHHLouisiana 11/30/12 dhh.louisiana.gov: Update – State health officials report 11 new human cases and one new death this week. There are four new neuroinvasive disease cases reported this week, with one each from Bossier, Calcasieu, St. Helena and Winn parishes. There are five new West Nile fever cases reported this week, with one each from Bossier, Cameron, Concordia, East Feliciana and Orleans parishes. Two new asymptomatic cases were reported this week, from Grant and Pointe Coupee parishes. Louisiana has had 382 West Nile cases, of which 156 are neuroinvasive disease, and 17 deaths, all of which occurred within two weeks of disease onset, thus far in 2012. – See http://new.dhh.louisiana.gov/index.cfm/newsroom/detail/2712

FLORIDA WOMAN attacked by RABID FOX ~ Other RABIES reports from GA, PA, VA, & CANADA’s NEW BRUNSWICK Province ~ CDC announcement of new PLAGUE FACT SHEET.

Gray fox. Photo by New York Department of Environmental Conservation.

Gray fox. Photo by New York Department of Environmental Conservation.

Florida 11/29/12 Martin County: A fox that bit a resident in Port Mayaca’s J&S Park Estates on Monday has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.tcpalm.com/news/2012/nov/29/rabid-fox-bites-woman-in-port-mayaca/

1426663Georgia 11/30/12 Chatham County: A raccoon that was trapped after fighting with two dogs in the vicinity of LaRoche Avenue on the Isle of Hope has tested positive for rabies. ­ See http://savannahnow.com/latest-news/2012-11-30/raccoon-tests-positive-rabies#.ULmKbIYt7WB

rabiesAlert521d4-1Pennsylvania 11/29/12 Allegheny County: A gray cat that bit a Swissvale woman in the vicinity of the 7300 block of Denniston Avenue has tested positive for rabies. The cat, which is likely a stray, was hit by a car on Monday and went onto a porch where the resident tried to help it and was bitten. Anyone else who may have been bitten or scratched by this cat should seek medical advice. – See http://triblive.com/news/adminpage/3046696-74/cat-health-rabies-county-rabid-bitten-animal-contact-department-swissvale#axzz2Dfxm1Bug

2195804032_bb25565f77 - CopyVirginia 11/29/12 Hopewell: A skunk found on the 500 block of North Ninth Avenue near City Point National Cemetery on Monday has tested positive for rabies. – See http://progress-index.com/news/rabid-skunk-found-in-hopewell-1.1409840


rabies_tag_small_websiteNew Brunswick 11/30/12 Restigouche County: An unvaccinated house cat in Balmoral that bit its owner has tested positive for rabies. The New Brunswick Veterinary Medical Association said this incident reinforces that rabies still exists in the province. – See http://atlantic.ctvnews.ca/n-b-house-cat-tests-positive-for-rabies-1.1060786



The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases

Division of Vector-Borne Diseases / Bacterial Diseases Branch

Fort Collins, Colorado

Is pleased to announce the release of CDC’s

Plague Fact Sheet

(in English and Spanish)