Tag Archives: Jamestown Canyon Virus

Second RABID lactating RACCOON found in D.C.’S Georgetown neighborhood, but no CUBS found ~ Other RABIES reports from FL, NJ, NCx2, & VA ~ NEW HAMPSHIRE man positive for rare JAMESTOWN CANYON and POWASSAN VIRUSES ~ Another POWASSAN report from NEW YORK ~ OHIO resident hospitalized with symptoms of LA CROSSE ENCEPHALITIS ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS reports from MAx2, & NC ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CA, CO, CT, DE, ILx4, MA, NE, NV, NH, NM, NY, PA, SD and CANADA: ONTARIO.

Photo by Tobias Mercer. Wikimedia Commons.

Photo by Tobias Mercer. Wikimedia Commons.

District of Columbia 07/29/13 DC Department of Health: A lactating raccoon found in the Georgetown neighborhood tested positive for rabies on July 29th. It’s likely that her cubs, which were not found, are also infected with the virus. Another lactating rabid raccoon was found about three blocks away in the vicinity of 34th and R streets, NW, ten days ago. – See http://georgetown.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/rabies-confirmed-in-another-georgetown-lactating-raccoon

Other Rabies Reports:

Little Brown Bat 2Florida 07/30/13 Duval County: Health officials have issued a Rabies Alert after a bat in the Mandarin neighborhood of Jacksonville tested positive for rabies. The alert area is bordered on the south by Julington Creek at the Duval and St. Johns county line, north by Loretto Road at San Jose Boulevard, west by Orange Picker Road at Mandarin Road and east by Julington Creek Road at Aladdin Road. – See http://jacksonville.com/community/mandarin/2013-07-30/story/mandarin-rabies-alert-follows-rabid-bat-discovery

angry-foxNew Jersey 07/31/13 Ocean County: A fox that bit a 4-year-old girl at her home in Lakewood on Saturday has tested positive for rabies. Police said the fox scratched the girl’s arm, leg, and lips before a man kicked the animal away. It then hid under a deck but attacked police and animal control officers when they arrived. Police shot the fox at the scene. – See http://www.app.com/article/20130730/NJNEWS/307300108/Fox-bit-Lakewood-girl-had-rabies?nclick_check=1

North Carolina 07/30/13 Guilford County: A Rabies Alert has been issued after two new rabies cases were reported. A fox found on Whipporill Drive in Greensboro, and a raccoon found on Bentham Road in Gibsonville have both tested positive for the virus. – See http://myfox8.com/2013/07gray-fox54216/30/new-rabies-cases-reported-in-guilford-county/

North Carolina 07/30/13 Durham County: A fox that attacked a vaccinated dog in the backyard of the Tilley family in Bahama on July 11 has tested positive for rabies. Mrs. Tilley, then 9-months pregnant, was potentially exposed to the virus when she came in contact with blood while checking her dog, which had been bitten on the mouth. Both of the Tilley’s were treated as a precaution. – See photos, video, and complete article at http://www.wral.com/expectant-mother-exposed-to-rabies-virus-in-durham-county/12722682/

grounded%20batVirginia 07/31/13 Loudoun County: Reports that several teenage girls handled an injured or dead bat at the Potomack Lakes Sportsplex at 20280 Cascades Parkway in Sterling has officials concerned that the teenagers may have been exposed to rabies. Anyone who had contact with the bat should seek immediate medical advice. – See http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/loudoun-officials-seek-teens-who-handled-a-bat/2013/07/31/4f25d0f2-fa52-11e2-a369-d1954abcb7e3_story.html

Jamestown Canyon Virus (JCV) & Powassan Virus Cases:

hillsborough cty NHNew Hampshire 08/01/13 Hillsborough County: State health officials have confirmed that a male resident of the county has tested positive for both Jamestown Canyon (JCV) and Powassan viruses. This the first time either of these vector-borne diseases has been identified in the State.  JCV is transmitted by infected mosquitoes and Powassan is transmitted by infected ticks. “While this is our first announcement of Jamestown Canyon virus and Powassan virus in New Hampshire,” said Dr. José Montero, Director of Public Health at DHHS, “these have been in the U.S. for a while and Powassan was found in Maine and Vermont previously so this is not entirely unexpected.

deerwhitetailnpsBecause these viruses are very rare, there is not a lot known about the illness they cause, where they are located in the environment, and how many people may have already been infected. JCV is a mosquito-borne pathogen that circulates widely in North America primarily between deer and a variety of mosquito species, but it can also infect humans. Reports in humans thus far of JCV are unusual and have been confined to the Midwestern and northeastern states. Most reported illnesses caused by Jamestown Canyon virus have been mild, but moderate-to-severe central nervous system involvement has been reported.

Blacklegged tick

Blacklegged tick

Powassan virus infection is caused by an arbovirus, which is similar to the mosquito-borne West Nile virus, but it is transmitted to people by infected ticks. Fewer than 60 cases of the disease have been detected in the United States and Canada since its discovery in 1958. In New Hampshire, Ixodes scapularis, or the blacklegged tick or more commonly deer tick, is capable of transmitting the virus to people. A tick needs to be attached to a person for a sufficient amount of time before it can cause disease. The time interval for Powassan virus is not known, but it is likely shorter than the time needed for Lyme disease (24–48 hours). Some people who are infected may experience mild illness or no symptoms. Powassan virus can also infect the central nervous system and cause brain inflammation. – For complete press release see http://www.dhhs.state.nh.us/media/pr/2013/08-aug/08012013-viruses.htm

Another Powassan Report:

saratoga county_NYNew York 08/01/13 Saratoga County: A county resident is recovering from Powassan virus, which is a tick-borne illness that has killed 30% of those infected statewide since 2004. There is no treatment for the disease. – See http://life.nationalpost.com/2013/08/01/deadly-tick-borne-powassan-virus-surfaces-in-new-york-state-kills-30-of-those-infected/

La Crosse Encephalitis (LACV):

An Aedes triseriatus, commonly known as the "treehole mosquito".

An Aedes triseriatus, commonly known as the “treehole mosquito”.

Ohio 07/31/13 Delaware County: A resident of Ostrander has been hospitalized and health officials say the patient’s symptoms indicate La Crosse Encephalitis, a mosquito-borne virus, will be the final diagnosis. – For complete article see http://www.dhhs.state.nh.us/media/pr/2013/08-aug/08012013-viruses.htm and for further information about LACV see http://www.cdc.gov/lac/

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

d98b45080e6bba0549d1647bc320576aMassachusetts 07/31/13 Hampshire County: Public Health officials have confirmed that a horse stabled in Belchertown has tested positive for EEE. This is the first case of EEE in a horse statewide so far this year. – See http://www.lowellsun.com/news/ci_23769067/first-2013-case-eee-mass-found-belchertown-horse

EEE54fgh84Massachusetts 07/30/13 Hampshire County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in the town of Amherst on July 23rd have tested positive for EEE.– See http://www.wwlp.com/dpp/news/massachusetts/eee-found-in-western-mass-mosquitoes

Eastern-Equine-EcephalitisNorth Carolina 08/01/13 Cumberland County: State health officials have confirmed that a 5-year-old female quarter horse stabled in the county was euthanized on July 24th testing positive for EEE. This is the state’s fifth case of EEE and the third in the county so far this year. – See http://www.wral.com/state-s-fifth-case-of-eastern-equine-encephalitis-reported/12730264/

West Nile Virus (WNV):

CA-Sacramento-YoloCalifornia 07/30/13 Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito & Vector Control District: Sacramento County: 2 human cases, 74 dead birds and 204 mosquito samples, 1 horse, 2 chickens have tested positive for WNV to date. Yolo County: 1 human case, 43 dead birds, 138 mosquito samples, 1 chicken have tested positive for WNV to date. – See http://www.fightthebite.net/west-nile-virus-activity/

Larimer_County.COColorado 08/01/13 Larimer County: Health officials have confirmed two new human cases of WNV in the county, bringing the statewide total to three. Two people, one from Loveland and the other from Fort Collins, have been hospitalized with serious forms of the infection. – See http://www.denverpost.com/breakingnews/ci_23769288/west-nile-virus-larimer-county-2-seriously-ill

Fairfield cty CTConnecticut 08/01/13 Fairfield County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in Stamford on July 22nd have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.nbcconnecticut.com/news/local/West-Nile-Virus-Detected-in-Mosquitoes-in-Stamford-217925011.html

DNRECDelaware 07/30/13 DE Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control: Officials announced Monday that sentinel chickens at monitoring stations in Leipsic (Kent County) and Georgetown (Sussex County) have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.sacbee.com/2013/07/30/5607612/west-nile-virus-detected-in-sentinel.html

contactusidphIllinois 08/01/13 Bay and Midland counties: Crows found in Bay City and Hope Township have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.mlive.com/news/bay-city/index.ssf/2013/08/west_nile_virus_now_found_in_b.html

Lake cty ILIllinois 07/31/13 Lake County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquito batches collected in Deerfield and Lake Villa Township have tested positive for WNV. – See http://lakezurich.patch.com/groups/summer/p/west-nile-virus-found-in-lake-county-mosquito-pools

Zn map_of_naperville_ilIllinois 07/31/13 DuPage and Will counties: Mosquitoes trapped in Seager Park at 1163 Plank Road in Naperville have tested positive for WNV this week. – See http://naperville.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/west-nile-virus-found-again-in-mosquitoes-at-naperville-park

macon cty_ILIllinois 07/30/13 Macon County: Health officials have confirmed that 23 batches of mosquitoes trapped in the county have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.wandtv.com/story/22963309/west-nile-virus-in-macon-county

Hampshire_County_MAMassachusetts 07/31/13 Hampshire County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in Northampton on Tuesday have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.gazettenet.com/home/7868640-95/west-nile-virus-found-in-mosquitoes-in-northampton-eastern-equine-encephalitis-in-amherst

Douglas_County.NENebraska 07/29/13 Douglas County: Health officials have confirmed the county’s first human case of WNV this year in an elderly male. This is the 4th human case of WNV in the state so far this year. – See http://www.omaha.com/article/20130729/LIVEWELL01/130728832/1016

imagesNevada 07/30/13 NV Department of Agriculture: Officials have confirmed that a mosquito trapped in Carson City has tested positive for WNV. In addition, WNV-infected mosquitoes have been found in Washoe, Douglas, and Lyon counties. On Monday, of 54 Washoe County water bodies tested, insects in six of them tested positive for WNV. Three water areas in Lyon County’s Mason Valley also tested positive. – See http://www.kolotv.com/news/headlines/West-Nile-Virus-Confirmed-in-Washoe-County-217474521.html

hillsborough cty NHNew Hampshire 08/01/13 Hillsborough County: Health officials have confirmed that two batches of mosquitoes trapped recently in the town of Pelham have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.dhhs.state.nh.us/media/pr/2013/08-aug/08012013-wnv.htm

san juan cty NMNew Mexico 07/30/13 San Juan County: Health officials announced Monday that a 13-year-old boy has been diagnosed with WNV. He was hospitalized but is now at home recovering. This is the first human case of WNV reported in the state this year. – See http://www.demingheadlight.com/ci_23763217/west-nile-virus-reported-new-mexico?source=most_viewed

Oswego_County_svgNYNew York 07/31/13 Oswego County: Health officials have found evidence of WNV in mosquitoes collected July 24th near the village of Central Square. – See http://oswegocountytoday.com/?p=123481

lehigh cty PAPennsylvania 07/31/13 Lehigh County: State DEP officials reported today that a mosquito trapped in Salisbury Township has tested positive for WNV. This week, 23 mosquitoes tested positive for WNV in the county. – See http://salisbury.patch.com/groups/around-town/p/west-nile-virus-found-in-salisbury

SD-CA4MR6ELSouth Dakota 07/30/13 SD Department of Health: As of 23 July, health officials have confirmed 12 human cases of WNV in the state. Counties with WNV detections (human or animal) include Brookings, Brown, Buffalo, Codington, Davison, Dewey, Edmunds, Faulk, Hand, Hughes, Jones, Lincoln, Marshall, Meade, Minnehaha, Pennington, Sanborn, Spink, Union and Walworth. – See http://doh.sd.gov/diseases/infectious/wnv/

Canada:

algoma publichealthOntario 07/3/13 Algoma Public Health: Lab analysis of two dead birds found in Sault Ste. Marie on July 17th has confirmed the birds of WNV infection. – See http://www.sootoday.com/content/news/details.asp?c=59967

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Rhode Island HEALTH says do not eat Raw Shellfish; West Nile Virus found in Boston, Massachusetts; more Connecticut mosquitoes test positive for Jamestown Canyon Virus; and Rabies reports from California, Illinois, Louisiana, Pennsylvania, and Virginia. Travel Warnings for the Bahamas.

Little Neck Clams. Courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Rhode Island 07/15/11 ri.gov: Press Release – The Rhode Island Department of Health (HEALTH) has received a report of a laboratory-confirmed case of Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection in a male in his 70s who ate raw clams earlier this month. HEALTH is not certain where the clams were harvested. The man was treated and is recovering. HEALTH recommends the following to all Rhode Islanders: · Do not eat raw oysters, clams, mussels, or shellfish. · Cook all shellfish thoroughly. For shellfish in a hard shell (clams, oysters, mussels), boil for five minutes after the shells open or steam for 9 minutes after the shells open. Do not eat clams, oysters, or mussels that do not open during cooking. Boil shucked oysters for at least 3 minutes or fry in oil that is 375 degrees for 10 minutes. · Eat shellfish promptly after cooking and refrigerate leftovers. · Clean surfaces, cutting boards, and utensils after they have come in contact with raw shellfish or shellfish juices. · Harvest shellfish from approved areas only and refrigerate shellfish immediately. Vibrio parahaemolyticus symptoms can include diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, headache, fever, and chills. The illness is usually mild or moderate, although some cases may require hospitalization. Symptoms usually last two or three days. Children, the elderly, and anyone with a weakened immune system can develop more serious symptoms. Anyone who has eaten raw or improperly cooked shellfish and has these symptoms should contact their healthcare provider for diagnosis and treatment.

Massachusetts 07/15/11 boston.com: by Kay Lazar – More mosquitoes carrying West Nile virus have been detected in Boston, city health officials announced this afternoon. Four samples — three from West Roxbury and one from Dorchester — were collected on Tuesday, the Boston Public Health Commission reported. It’s the second time this summer that mosquito pools in Boston have tested positive for the virus. On July 8, two positive mosquito pools were found in West Roxbury. There have been no confirmed human cases of West Nile in Boston this year.

Connecticut  07/15/11 patch.com: by Ben Lasman – The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station (CAES) released numbers today showing that sixteen mosquito samples collected from North Haven’s Quinnipiac River Park tested positive for Jamestown Canyon Virus, the highest incidence in the state. 104,593 mosquitoes were tested for West Nile virus (WNV), Eastern Equine Encephalitis virus (EEE), and Jamestown Canyon virus (JC) as part of a statewide sampling effort by the CAES. In North Haven alone, 2,515 mosquitoes were captured and processed by the Station. While the occurrence of JC in Quinnipiac River Park was the highest recorded in Connecticut, scientists from the CAES note that the majority of cases present with mild flu-like symptoms, and many people exposed to the virus avoid infection altogether.

California 07/16/11 eastcountymagazine.org: San Diego Sheriff’s office seeks public help to identify three boys, 12-13 years old, who brought an ill Mexican free-tailed bat to a Petco Store in Vista on July 10. An employee contacted Project Wildlife and later, County Public Health officials tested the bat and found it positive for rabies. Bats become more active this time of year and County Health officials urge parents in all areas of the County to instruct children never to touch a bat, dead or alive.

Illinois 07/16/11 nwherald.com: A rabid bat July 13 in a Cary home was the area’s second reported rabid bat of the season, according to the McHenry County Department of Health. The homeowners contained the bat in a room and immediately called Animal Control at 815-459-6222. To test bats for rabies, it is important that they be in good condition with the head intact – either alive or recently deceased. Bats that test negative for rabies eliminate the need for humans to undergo rabies treatment after exposure. Statewide, 17 rabid bats have been reported in 14 counties. Last year, McHenry County led the state with 22 rabid bats; statewide, the total was 117.

Louisiana 07/15/11 wwl.com: by David Blake – The Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals is warning residents to stay away from coyotes because of the threat of rabies.  Since the high river levels, coyotes are becoming more of a problem in urban areas, attacking pets and digging through garbage.  State Public Health Veterinarian Gary Balsamo says they’re concerned about family pets being attacked and bitten. In the areas where there have been more sightings he warns, ”It’s probably not a good idea to leave very small children outside by themselves,” he warned. Dr. Balsamo says rabies is usually spread from skunks in Louisiana but the coyotes are highly susceptible to infection. He says don’t make your home inviting to the predators. ”Don’t leave out unsealed dog or cat food or garbage that’s not sealed properly,” he explained. Even a scratch from a coyote could warrant a trip to the emergency room or local doctor. While rabies can be treated it usually involves a series of painful injections but they are life saving.

Pennsylvania 07/14/11 state.pa.us: Press Release – The Department of Health is investigating reports of a potentially rabid cat in Bloomsburg, Columbia County. A black cat, wearing a turquoise collar, has bitten several people near E and Fifth Streets in Bloomsburg. The department’s investigation has revealed that the cat had been acting sickly. If residents see this cat or any other animal acting strangely, they should avoid it and immediately call the local animal control agency. The department urges anyone who may have been bitten or exposed to the cat’s saliva or fluids to contact its Northcentral District Office, Monday-Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., at 570-327-3400. Residents can also call 1-877-PA HEALTH (1-877-724-3258).  Anyone with a pet that may have come in contact with the potentially rabid cat should contact their veterinarian. Exposure to rabies includes being bitten, scratched or had saliva from an animal enter an open wound or mucous membranes such as eyes, nose or mouth. Under these circumstances, people should seek immediate medical attention.  The department also reminds people to avoid contact with feral animals of any kind. All animals that can be vaccinated – cats, dogs and ferrets – should be given the rabies vaccine to protect them in case they are exposed to a rabid animal. For more information about rabies, visit http://www.health.state.pa.us or call 1-877-PA HEALTH (1-877-724-3258).

 Virginia 07/16/11 hamptonroads.com: by Jennifer Jiggetts – A fox tested positive Friday for rabies, according to a news release from the city’s Health Department. The fox had been in the Pinecroft area of Churchland, the release said. No one was bitten by the fox, but two dogs were exposed. Officials are encouraging people to not approach wild or stray animals. Report stray or sick animals to Animal Control, the release said. For more information, contact (757) 435-2620.

Travel Warnings:

Bahamas 07/15/11 tribune242.com: There have been two confirmed dengue fever cases out of 26 suspected incidents for the year thus far, Health Minister Dr Hubert Minnis said. The Department of Environmental Health has subsequently stepped up fogging exercises in southern New Providence, the area where those patients with confirmed cases live. In 2010, there were 10 confirmed dengue fever cases. “Last year we had about 51 suspected cases; out of that only 10 were confirmed. This year so far we had 26 suspected cases; of that 26 only two were positive. But once they come in with symptoms we automatically test them. “We’ve identified the areas they would have come from and communicated to Environmental Health to increase the fogging to be on the safe side. Environmental Health has increased fogging especially to the south – such as Carmichael Road, Bacardi Road, Ridgeland and South Beach.” Dr Minnis added that the ill patients caught the disease locally. “These incidents were not related to travel but there is an increase in dengue throughout the region. We’ve increased our fogging and that’s why the Bahamas did not suffer like some other countries in the region,” said Dr Minnis.

Mosquitoes in Connecticut test positive for Jamestown Canyon Virus; Experts call Massachusetts Deer overpopulation a growing problem; Michigan State House passes bills to regulate Feral Hog hunting industry; West Nile Virus reports from Connecticut, and Minnesota; and Rabies reports from Colorado, Florida, Georgia, New Jersey (2), New York (2), North Carolina, and Texas.

White-tailed deer. Courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Connecticut 07/01/11 acornl-online.com: by Jeannette Ross – Mosquitoes in Wilton have tested positive for Jamestown Canyon virus at both traps in town so far this year. Testing, conducted by the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station began in early June and will continue throughout October. So far this season, 284 mosquitoes have been tested at the Saunders Drive trap and 610 at the trap on Spectacle Road. One mosquito has tested positive at each.  Jamestown Canyon virus is widespread, but most people have minor flu-like symptoms, and it often goes unreported. Dr. Andriotis said it is carried by mosquitoes that are abundant this time of year, in the spring. “The reservoir for Jamestown Canyon virus is the white-tailed deer. Need I say more?” he said. “The size of the deer herd is responsible for increasing cases of Jamestown Canyon virus.”

Massachusetts 06/29/11 metrowestdailynews.com: by Brad Petrishen – The deer population in MetroWest has exploded over the last decade, and Lyme disease and forest destruction will continue to rise unless attitudes change about hunting and culling herds, state and federal experts told the Conservation Commission last night. “Lately, I’ve been spending way too much time in ecological disaster zones,” U.S. Department of Agriculture botanist Tom Rawinski told a Cordaville Hall audience of about 30. Rawinski said deer overpopulation not only leads to more car accidents and Lyme disease but also upsets local ecology. Deer eat almost anything, he said, wiping out native plants, preventing trees from growing back and making it easier for invasive plants to get a foothold. Rawinski said he thinks the deer population in MetroWest has about doubled since 2001, and that there’s a “good chance” it could double or even quadruple by 2021 unless preventative measures are taken. “You have no idea what you’re in for,” he said, showing images of barren forests wiped out by deer overpopulation in other states.

While western Massachusetts has acceptable deer numbers, the eastern part of the state has too many, said Sonja Christensen, deer expert with the state Division of Fisheries and Wildlife. MetroWest, she said, has about 25 to 30 deer per square mile of forest, whereas the recommended number is eight deer per square mile. Deer like areas near humans, she said, because they can supplement their diet by eating plants or vegetables from home gardens before retreating to the safety of the woods. A large part of the problem, the experts said, is that hunting has been so restricted in suburbs by state and local laws that there aren’t enough hunting grounds. “These forests have become horse riding areas or dog walking areas,” Rawinski said.

“The hunters have been squeezed out.” As a result, the number of Lyme-disease-causing deer ticks has exploded in the region, said Sam Telford, a Tufts University professor and Lyme disease expert. “If anything, it’s going to get worse,” Telford said. People can do many things to protect themselves against the disease, which can cause chills and fever and, in advanced cases, nerve damage or heart problems, Telford said. Spraying clothes with permethrin will kill ticks within four hours of when they touch the fabric. Also, permethrin can stay on the clothes for up to 16 wash cycles. Other ideas include checking oneself often and clearing brush from the outer edges of one’s home to reduce habitats for the ticks. Ultimately, though, all three experts said social stigmas around hunting deer will need to change to get to the root of the problem.

Deer overpopulation has already caused problems in a number of areas, including the Quabbin Reservoir in central Mass. and the Blue Hills Reservation in Greater Boston, Rawinski said. It will continue to cause problems unless hunting restrictions are eased and other solutions identified. “They’ve tricked us,” Rawinski said of the deer. “They’re so pretty, most of us don’t have the heart to shoot ’em.”

Feral hogs in Michigan. Photo by DNRE

Michigan 07/01/11 mlive.com: by Rosemary Parker – Tighter fences, stricter reporting, disease testing and documentation were components of the package of bills House Bills 4503-4506 and 4699, drafted to regulate the sport swine industry, that the Michigan House of Representatives passed Thursday before taking a break for the summer. The Senate would need to do likewise to avoid a ban on the wild hog species used in game ranches; an invasive species order is looming, set to go into effect July 8 if no regulatory language has been signed into law by then. The Senate is not expected to act until it reconvenes in the fall, if then, and attempts to reach the sponsor of the Senate bill Friday were not successful. Michigan Department of Resources spokeswoman Mary Dettloff said Friday that the DNR estimates that about 10 of the state’s private game ranches currently meet the standards set out in the bill, standards still not stringent enough to please the DNR. None of the breeders — estimated at seven operations — would currently meet the proposed standards, she said. In addition, the agency believes any regulatory costs should be borne by the private businesses themselves, not the game and fish fund, where revenues are generated by licensed hunters and anglers. No hunting license is required to hunt swine in private game ranches, because they are not a game species, Dettloff said. “The legislation that passed yesterday would short us by about $200,000,” Dettloff said. (For complete article go to http://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2011/07/feral_swine_in_michigan_legisl.html )

Connecticut 07/02/11 cbslocal.com: by Fran Schneidau – The first signs of West Nile Virus have been detected in Connecticut and now officials are telling residents to beware of mosquitoes. The first infected mosquitoes have been found in Bridgeport and state entomologist Dr. Theodore Andriotis says the spring rains and flooding have brought a bumper crop of mosquitoes.

Minnesota 07/02/11 shakopeenews.com: The West Nile virus is back. An American crow collected by the Metropolitan Mosquito Control District (MMCD) as part of its annual West Nile virus risk-reduction program has tested positive for the virus this week. The dead bird was collected in Minneapolis. So far this summer, there have been no human cases of the virus reported in Minnesota, and mosquito samples tested by MMCD have also turned up negative.

Colorado 07/01/11 kktv.com: For the seventh time this year, a skunk in Pueblo has tested positive for rabies.  The rabid skunk was found during the day in the yard of a home on Gale Road, near 25th Lane in Pueblo. It did not come in contact with any humans or pets.

Florida 07/01/11 chipleypaper.com: The Holmes County Health Department has issued a Rabies Advisory for two areas in the county. The first is in the southwest part of the county in the vicinity of Oak Grove Road and highway 90, east of Ponce de Leon and the second is in the northeast of the county on Bush road east of the town of Noma. Health officials are urging residents to avoid all contact with high-risk stray and wild animals including raccoons, foxes, skunks and bats.

Georgia 07/01/11 patch.com: by Rodney Thrash – Eleven Georgians – seven from Cherokee County, three from Pickens County and one from Houston County – were exposed to an unvaccinated dog that later tested positive for rabies. “The dog had become ill with the rabies virus, exposing everyone who came into contact with it, including five family members and six others who had visited the home,” said Jennifer King, spokeswoman for the North Georgia Health District in Dalton. “It is not known how or where the dog came into contact with rabies.” The dog belonged to a family living near the intersection of Union Hill and East Cherokee roads. It died June 24. Prior to the dog’s death, it bit its two adult owners and a pig. The dog’s body was taken to the Cherokee Emergency Veterinarian Clinic. Its head was removed for rabies testing, then sent to the Georgia State Laboratory on June 27. Two days later, the test came back positive. To treat the rabies, the 11 Georgians must receive one shot of rabies immune globulin and four shots of rabies vaccine over a two-week period, Cherokee County Environmental Health Manager Curtis Barnhart said. The pig that was bitten by the dog will have to be euthanized. For more rabies prevention information, call the Cherokee County Environmental Health Office at 770-479-0444.

New Jersey 07/01/11 pressofatlanticcity.com: by Caitlin Dineen – A bat collected by animal-control officials this week in Galloway Township tested positive for rabies. The bat — which was located Tuesday outside a doctor’s office on South New York Road — was tested by the officials with the state Department of Health. County public health officials said the bat was handled by one person who is now undergoing post-exposure rabies treatment. The identity of that person was not released.

New Jersey 07/01/11 patch.com: by Adam Hochron – A rabid raccoon was reportedly found in Howell recently according to an email sent out by Township Manager Helene Schlegel. The raccoon was captured in the Oak Glen Development near North Appletree Road and Blueberry Path. After it was captured it was sent to Trenton for testing, where according to the Monmouth County Health Department it tested positive for rabies. Residents are advised that if they see a wild animal they are not to approach it. If the animal shows what Schlegel described as “unusual or suspicious,” behavior they should call the Howell Township Police Department at 732-938-4575 ext. 2800.

New York 07/01/11 wivb.com: by George Richert – The Niagara County Health Department has issued a rabies alert for Tonawanda Island, where woodchucks were on the prowl. As we drove onto Tonawanda Island, it took less than a minute for us to spot woodchucks out grazing. None were acting rabid, but this week, two woodchucks and a skunk were found dead. The Niagara County Health Department is sending them for testing, but expects that they are rabid since people had reported seeing woodchucks and skunks acting strange. Niagara County Health Director Davis Stapleton said, “Some of the signs and symptoms that the public would look for was for animals acting erratically, walking as if they were affected by some substance, that they’re walking, stumbling.” Tonawanda Island in North Tonawanda is mostly industrial, but its shores are lined with marinas that will be hopping this holiday weekend.  Every year, Niagara and Erie Counties have confirmed cases of rabid bats and occasionally skunks and raccoons, but in woodchucks it’s not as common. Pet owners are advised to make sure their dogs and cats have up to date vaccinations. The bottom line: if you see an animal acting rabid, get away from it and call police. To find out more about rabies click here. You can find a a schedule of free rabies clinics for your pets here.

New York 07/01/11 examiner.com: by Debra Eldredge – The Oneida County Health Department issued notice yesterday that the first positive case of rabies has been identified in the county for 2011. A rabid raccoon in the Clinton area attacked and bit a family dog. The dog did survive the attack and the raccoon was killed and checked for rabies. Unfortunately, the test came back positive. Even more unfortunately, the dog had never been vaccinated for rabies. With no vaccination history, the dog would have faced a six month compete quarantine/isolation literally under padlock. In this case, with the very high likelihood the dog would become rabid the family chose euthanasia. If the dog had been current on his rabies vaccination, he would have been given a booster when he was treated for his wounds and been fine. Luckily there were no human exposures.

North Carolina 07/01/11 wspa.com: A fourth case of rabies in Haywood County has been confirmed. Haywood County Public Information Officer David Teague said that the case, the second in less than a week, has prompted officials to schedule two vaccination clinics for next Wednesday and Thursday. Teague said that the latest incident happened Wednesday when a family in the Canton area discovered a skunk, exhibiting unusual behavior, in their barn. According to a report, Teague said that the skunk was off balance and falling down. Officials managed to capture the skunk and it was killed and sent to the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services laboratory, where it tested positive for rabies. The case is the fourth case this year in Haywood County and all of the cases have occurred in the same general area of the county. “This latest case occurred in the Chestnut Mountain of Canton, which is off Old Asheville Highway, below the Hot Spot convenience store,” said Jean Hazzard, Haywood County Animal Services Director. “The other three cases have been between I-40 exits 31 and 33 in Canton.” Prior to this year, only five cases of rabies have been confirmed in the county since 2006. This year, two raccoons and two skunks were the sources of the disease.

Texas 07/02/11 kgnb.am: For the third time this year and for the second time in the last eight days, a rabies case has been confirmed here in Comal County. On June 22nd, a skunk was discovered in the driveway of a home in Garden Ridge, and when Garden Ridge Animal Control arrived they captured the animal and had it tested for rabies. The test proved positive, the third such positive rabies case for the county, the other two cases came from bats.

California girl survives Rabies; Montana reports first case of Jamestown Canyon Virus; Rabies reports from Arizona, Maine, and Pennsylvania; and West Nile Virus reports from California, and Georgia. Canada: British Columbia’s mysterious Bowen Island Wolf killed; and Nova Scotia reports 2,643 Coyote pelts harvested under bounty program.

California 05/26/11 northcoastjournal.com: Precious Reynolds, 8, of Willow Creek, has become one of the few who have survived a rabies diagnosis.  Complaining of a stomachache, the girl’s grandfather took her to a local clinic where she was initially diagnosed with the flu and sent home.  Soon, she complained of neck and back pain and on April 30 she was taken to a local hospital where tests were performed but, once again, it was assumed she had the flu and was again sent home.  Later that day she was barely moving and couldn’t talk. The following morning, Precious was flown to the U.C. Davis Medical Center where, almost a week later, doctors determined she had rabies.  Using a method developed in 2004 called the Milwaukee protocol, which saved a Wisconsin teenager who survived rabies, U.C. Davis doctors medically induced a coma to protect Precious’ brain while her body fought the rabies virus. It was a struggle, her doctors say, but Precious Reynolds is now the seventh known human rabies survivor in the world. Though still hospitalized, she is finally out of intensive care and is expected to be discharged from the hospital soon. Precious never mentioned being bitten by an animal, but she was seen playing with feral cats near her school. (For complete article go to http://www.northcoastjournal.com/news/2011/05/26/rabies-survivor/2/

Montana report of Human Jamestown Canyon Virus infection (JCV) in 2009, 05/27/11 CDC-MMWR: Reported by Dr. Jennifer Lowell, Communicable Disease Epidemiology Program  — JCV is a mosquito-borne zoonotic pathogen that is distributed throughout temperate North America, where it circulates primarily between deer and various mosquito species. Despite its wide geographic range, only 15 human JCV infections have been reported in the U.S. since 2004, when JCV became a reportable condition, and those have originated predominantly from the Midwestern and northeastern states.  On May 26, 2009, a previously healthy male aged 51 years with no travel history outside of Montana became ill with fever, severe acute frontal headache, dizziness, left-sided numbness, and tingling.  He went to a local ER, was treated for hypertension, and was sent home.  On June 2, the patient visited his primary-care physician complaining of fever, persistent headache, muscle pain, and weakness. A number of tests consistent with suspected stroke or arboviral infection were ordered but were inconclusive.  The patient was referred to and visited a neurologist on July 6.

When the patient visited his physician on June 2, and during subsequent interviews conducted by the local health department and Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services, the patient reported recent exposure to mosquitoes while working outdoors.  A serum sample collected on June 2 tested positive for West Nile Virus (WNV) but additional testing suggested the WNV antibodies were from a past infection.  The sample was also sent to the CDC where it tested positive for JCV indicating that JCV is present in Montana and that a risk for human infection exists.

Currently, testing for JCV is available only at CDC on request. As more information about the distribution and frequency of JCV infections and disease is known, testing might be expanded to include regional or state laboratories. Initial diagnostic tests in this case included testing for several arboviral diseases. However, the lack of a readily available diagnostic test specific to JCV delayed the diagnosis and led the clinician to consider noninfectious causes of illness. This case underscores the importance of Montana clinicians considering JCV infection in patients with a febrile neurologic illness when an arboviral infection is suspected and WNV testing is inconclusive. This first reported human case of JCV in Montana suggests that the geographic distribution of human JCV infection is wider than previously recognized, and that increased JCV surveillance is needed to determine whether mosquito-borne arboviruses other than West Nile virus (WNV) pose a substantial risk to humans in the region.  [Source: CDC-MMWR May 27, 2011 / 60(20);652-655] (For published report go to http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6020a3.htm?s_cid=mm6020a3_e&source=govdelivery

Arizona 05/25/11 yumasun.com: by Sarah Womer – Animal Control officials said Wednesday that they are searching for a dog that bit a Yuma teen. A small Dachshund mix dog bit a 16-year-old boy on his left calf at 3:40 p.m. on Monday, May 23, at an apartment complex located at the 700 block of 1st Avenue. The victim said the particular dog had been seen multiple times around the complex and was often fed by residents in the surrounding area.“We ask the community to report all stray dogs immediately,” said Animal Control Sgt. Aaron Acton. “We want to get stray dogs off the streets before they become bite dogs. But now that this dog has bitten someone, it is important that we verify the dog’s rabies vaccination status so we can determine whether the victim needs to undergo treatment for rabies exposure.” To report any information on the whereabouts of these dogs, call Animal Control at (928) 782-1621, Ext. 106.

California 05/26/11 pe.com: by Janet Zimmerman – A pool of mosquitoes sampled from Chino near Archibald Avenue and Riverside Drive tested positive for the presence of West Nile virus, the first indication of the disease in San Bernardino County this year, officials said. Ecologists with the West Valley Mosquito and Vector Control District collected the sample on May 16, and it was confirmed positive by the Center for Vector-Borne Diseases at UC Davis on Wednesday. “Residents need to be especially cautious with the long weekend approaching. People are beginning to spend more time later into the evening outdoors, and this puts them at risk for mosquito bites and mosquito-transmitted disease,” said Dr. Min-Lee Cheng, manager of the vector control district.

Georgia 05/26/11 effinghamherald.net: Georgia’s first case of West Nile Virus has been confirmed in a horse in Southeast Georgia. The Georgia Department of Community Health, Division of Public Health recommends that Georgians protect themselves from mosquitoes and remove any standing water from their property. “While this is a non-human case, we recognize that the mosquito and tick season is starting earlier than in previous years,” said Dr. Anil T. Mangla, program director of Infectious Disease and Immunization and acting state epidemiologist for DCH.

Maine 05/13/11 Maine Public Health Update: This update provides information on animals confirmed to have rabies through the first quarter of 2100 (Jan 1 – Mar 31) including 6 raccoons, 1 skunk, and 1 sheep.  For a breakdown by county and town see report at http://www.maine.gov/tools/whatsnew/attach.php?id=244396&an=1

Pennsylvania 05/26/11 yorkdispatch.com: by Elizabeth Evans – The York City Health Bureau has confirmed one positive case of rabies and is attempting to test two other suspect animals, a health official said Thursday. The bureau is warning Fireside-area residents to be alert for sick animals after a feral kitten a woman had been feeding tested positive for rabies. Once an animal tests positive for rabies, it must be euthanized, said Terri Fitzgerald, a registered nurse with the city health bureau. The York City animal officer has been notified of two additional feral kittens and will be on the lookout for them, she said. The kitten is believed to have been infected with rabies after it was bitten by a rabid raccoon several weeks ago. The raccoon was never captured or tested, and is believed to be dead, according to a city news release. York County tested 259 animals for rabies last year. Of those, 20, or about 7.7 percent of the tested population, tested positive. The county ranked third in the number of positive animals in 2010, following only Cumberland and Westmoreland counties, according to the Pennsylvania Department of Health. Excluding the Fireside-area kitten, York County has reported nine positive rabies cases – one cat and eight raccoons – so far this year.

Canada:

British Columbia 05/26/11 nationalpost.com: by Tristin Hopper – An unidentified B.C. trapper, armed with a rifle and a special permit to use it, killed the Bowen Island wolf-dog Thursday morning. The 90-pound animal had eluded capture, killing dozens of cats, dogs, geese, and leaving the B.C. island’s forests strewn with deer carcasses since arriving last December. The trapper, hired by the Bowen Island municipality, arrived on the island at 11:30 a.m. on Wednesday, and was taken to a farm where the animal had killed sheep earlier in the week. Betting that the dog would return to the farm, the trapper took up a concealed position nearby. When the hybrid indeed returned at 6:30 a.m. local time, the trapper felled him with a single shot to the head. Residents in a nearby house did not even hear the crack of the rifle, said Mr. Buchanan. The animal’s body was removed from the island by the trapper and will be incinerated. (For complete article go to http://news.nationalpost.com/2011/05/26/trapper-kills-bowen-island-wolf-dog/

Nova Scotia 05/25/11 cbc.ca: Trappers in Nova Scotia harvested 2,643 coyote pelts — nearly 1,000 more than the last year — under a bounty program to target aggressive animals. The 366 trappers were paid $20 per pelt, for a total of $52,860, the Department of Natural Resources announced Wednesday. The bounty program ran during the regular trapping season, from October to April. In order to get paid, licensed trappers had to show their pelts were properly shipped to markets. Eldon Graham, who lives near Stewiacke, said he trapped 79 coyotes this year — his best year ever. But he said he had to work harder and longer to get the animals. “It’s hard going out there. I’m telling you, they’re hard to get,” Graham told CBC News. “You’ve got to use every trick in the book.” Graham said he got about $33 a pelt from the fur market. The extra money from the province helped pay his expenses. (For complete article go to http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/story/2011/05/25/ns-coyote-pelts.html?ref=rss