Tag Archives: LaCrosse viral encephalitis

MINNESOTA teenager attacked by WOLF ~ MISSOURI to hold public meetings to discuss CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE ~ OHIO resident hospitalized with LA CROSSE ENCEPHALITIS ~ EEE & WNV reports from CA, KY, & SD ~ RABIES reports from NY, & OH.

Photo by Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Photo by Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Minnesota 08/26/13 MN Dept of Natural Resources: Officials have confirmed that a 16-year-old boy was injured in an apparent wolf attack early Saturday morning at West Winnie Campground on Lake Winnibigoshish in the Chippewa National Forest. The boy sustained multiple puncture wounds and a laceration to his head before he was able to kick the wolf off and it ran into the woods. The boy was then transported to a hospital in Bemidji where he was treated for his wounds, none of which were determined to be life-threatening.

Chippewa_National_Forest MNStatements from other campers indicated there were other incidents at the U.S. Forest Service campground where an animal bit through tents, one resulting in the puncturing of an air mattress. Another camper indicated that he witnessed a wolf near his campsite with coloration and markings matching the description of the animal involved in the attack on the boy. On early Monday morning, an average-sized male wolf of about 75 pounds, matching the description of the wolf in the attack, was trapped and killed in the campground. The wolf is being taken to the University of Minnesota veterinary diagnostic lab to be tested for rabies. Also, the lab will collect samples for DNA analyses and complete a thorough medical examination to determine the health of the animal. – For complete news release see http://news.dnr.state.mn.us/2013/08/26/teen-sustains-non-life-threatening-injuries-in-an-apparent-wolf-bite/#more-12908

Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD):

cwd1Missouri 08/27/13 MO Dept of Conservation: Public meetings have been scheduled around the state to provide information on deer and CWD, and to get comments about limiting the spread of the disease among captive and free-ranging deer. For more information about CWD as well as the time and place for meetings scheduled see http://mdc.mo.gov/newsroom/mdc-seeking-public-comments-protecting-missouri-deer Comments can also be posted online at http://mdc.mo.gov/hunting-trapping/deer-hunting/deer-diseases/chronic-wasting-disease/protecting-missouris-white-taile

La Crosse Encephalitis:

lacrosseOhio 0827/13 pikecountydaily.com: by Matt Lucas – A Pike County resident has been identified as having contracted La Crosse encephalitis, according to the Pike County General Health District. The resident is continuing recovery at Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, and it is hoped that the individual will make a full recovery. “We continue to remind individuals to use insect repellant (DEET), wear long sleeves and slacks, and to avoid stagnant water,” stated Wally Burden, Pike County health commissioner. “The mosquito that transmits La Crosse virus is usually found in tree holes and man-made containers. “Unlike most mosquitoes, this particular mosquito bites during the day. In addition, we would remind folks that this virus is non-contagious and spread only by mosquitoes.” – For complete article see http://www.pikecountydaily.com/news/article_1dbfcaaa-b2c9-5423-b529-e7a62de921ab.html

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

CA-Sacramento-YoloCalifornia 08/26/13 Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito & Vector Control District: Sacramento County:  2 human cases, 129 dead birds and 304 mosquito samples, 3 horses, 3 sentinel chickens have tested positive for WNV to date. Yolo County: 1 human case, 70 dead birds, 212 mosquito samples, 6 sentinel chickens have tested positive for WNV to date. – See www.FIGHTtheBITE.net

Hart_County_KYKentucky 08/26/13 Hart County: A horse, described as listless, sleep and unable to eat, that died on August 18th about 48 hours after symptoms became noticeable has tested positive for EEE. – See http://blogs.equisearch.com/horsehealth/2013/08/26/kentucky-horse-with-eastern-equine-encephalitis/

SouthDakotaDOHSouth Dakota 08/27/13 SD Dept of Health: Sixty-one human cases of WNV disease have been reported in the following counties:  Brown 13, Brookings 5, Beadle 4, Spink 4, Hughes 3, Buffalo 2, Clark 2, Codington 2, Day 2, Minnehaha 2, and 1 case in each in Brule, Butte, Charles Mix, Corson, Dewey, Edmunds, Faulk, Jones, Lincoln, Lyman, Marshall, McPherson, Meade, Mellette, Miner, Moody, Sanborn, Tripp, Turner, Walworth. – See http://doh.sd.gov/documents/diseases/infectious/WNV-update.pdf

Rabies:

USDA_ImageNew York 08/25/13 U.S. Dept of Agriculture: by Thomas Prohaska – More than 200,000 raccoon baits containing rabies vaccine will be distributed in Niagara and Erie counties, starting Tuesday. James J. Devald, Niagara County environmental health director, said the U.S. Department of Agriculture will be in charge of the effort, beginning with drops of the baits from low-flying planes. Helicopters also will be used in some areas until the annual program ends Sept. 4. Vaccine-laced baits will be spread by hand in Niagara Falls and nearby areas, Devald said. – For complete article with details see http://www.buffalonews.com/city-region/environment/airdrops-of-rabies-vaccine-begin-tuesday-20130825

Oral Rabies Vaccine Bait

Oral Rabies Vaccine Bait

Ohio 08/26/13 Lake County: The health district will begin its annual distribution of oral rabies vaccination bait for raccoons and skunks in northeast Ohio on Tuesday continuing through September 6th. In rural areas the bait will be distributed by plane, and in more populated areas distribution will be marked vehicles or on foot. – See http://www.lcghd.org/documents/rabiesbaiting2013.pdf

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IOWA confirms first case of CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE in a DEER ~ KANSAS officials confirm seven DEER found with CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE ~ CALIFORNIA mobile home park residents being terrorized by COYOTES ~ TENNESSEE BOY dies of MOSQUITO-borne LaCROSSE ENCEPHALITIS ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CA (3), CO, GA, IL, MA, PA, RI, SD, & TX (2) ~ CDC REPORTS: ZOONOTIC DISEASE summary for week ending June 30, 2012.

Whitetailed Fawn. PD. Wikimedia Commons.

Iowa 07/20/12 heartlandconnection.com: A white-tail deer at a hunting preserve in Davis County has become the first positive detection of chronic wasting disease (CWD) in Iowa.  The positive sample was verified this week, and DNR is working closely with the State Veterinarian on this isolated incident. The Davis County facility where the animal was held has been inspected by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources (DNR) and Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship (IDALS) to ensure that any remaining deer remain contained.  The facility is surrounded by an eight-foot fence.  A quarantine has also been issued for the facility. – For complete article see http://www.heartlandconnection.com/news/story.aspx?id=778795#.UAuGC_Ut7WA

Kansas 07/19/12 state.ks.us: News Release – The Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism (KDWPT) has announced that nine deer from Kansas tested positive for chronic wasting disease, seven confirmed and two presumptive, for the current test year. All but three of the nine deer — one from Stafford County one from Sumner County, and one from Ford County — were animals from northwestern Kansas. The Stafford, Sumner, and Ford county cases were firsts for each county. Eight of the deer were taken by hunters during the 2011 hunting seasons, and one was euthanized by a KDWPT natural resource officer after it was reported as acting sick. Two cases were from Norton County and one each from Decatur, Ford, Rawlins, Stafford, Sumner, Trego, and Wallace counties. All cases were white-tailed deer. – For complete release see http://www.kdwpt.state.ks.us/news/KDWPT-Info/NINE-DEER-TEST-POSITIVE-FOR-CHRONIC-WASTING-DISEASE

California 07/19/12 Carson, Los Angeles County: Residents of the Carson Harbor Village mobile home park say almost two dozen of their pets have been attacked, injured, or killed by coyotes in less than a year. The coyotes are living in nearby marsh areas, but the park’s owner has refused to allow trappers on the property due to liability issues and protests from animal activists. The City Council is considering legal options that would force the park owner to allow animal control professionals on the property. – See http://www.scpr.org/blogs/environment/2012/07/20/9078/coyotes-overrun-carson-mobile-home-park/

Tennessee 07/20/12 wbir.com: Six-year-old Skyler Cooper of Union County died at East Tennessee Children’s Hospital over the weekend of LaCrosse Encephalitis (LAC). According to the CDC, less than 1% of all LAC cases end fatally. The disease is spread through treehole mosquitoes and, according to the American Mosquito Control Association, 13 states east of the Mississippi River have reported LAC cases. – See http://www.wbir.com/health/article/227469/3/Family-6-year-old-boy-died-of-rare-illness-contracted-from-mosquito

West Nile Virus (WNV):

California 07/19/12 Los Angeles County: Health officials confirm a San Gabriel Valley resident is the first confirmed human case of WNV in the county this year. – See http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2012/07/first-case-of-west-nile-virus-reported-in-los-angeles-county.html

California 07/20/12 Ventura County: Three more birds have tested positive for WNV: two in Simi Valley and one in Camarillo, county officials said today. – See http://www.vcstar.com/news/2012/jul/20/birds-in-simi-valley-camarillo-test-positive-for/

California 07/21/12 Stockton, San Joaquin County: A health official confirmed Friday that a 48-year-old resident is the first human case of WNV in the county this year. The man reported no symptoms, but tested positive when donating blood. – See http://www.lodinews.com/news/article_282fc1ca-d338-11e1-8079-0019bb2963f4.html

Colorado 07/19/12 Fremont and Weld counties: Two equine cases of WNV have been diagnosed representing the first reported cases of WNV this year. Both horses are being treated. – See http://www.fowlertribune.com/news/x117474617/Two-Colorado-horses-infected-with-West-Nile-Virus

Georgia 07/20/12 DeKalb County: Health officials said 17 of 51 collections of mosquitoes recently tested positive for WNV. All positive returns occurred inside I-285. – See http://www.ajc.com/news/dekalb/dekalb-reports-1st-west-1481787.html

Illinois 07/19/12 DuPage and Will counties: City officials confirm WNV has been found in Arrowhead Park on Naperville’s north side, making it the fourth spot in the area where the mosquito-borne virus has been found in recent weeks. One trap at Arrowhead Park recorded a positive test both this week and last week. There also have been two consecutive positive tests this month at Seager Park on Plank Road and the area of Naper Boulevard and Bailey Road. Pioneer Park on South Washington Street tested positive once as well. – See http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/suburbs/naperville/chi-west-nile-naperville-north-side-arrowhead-park-20120719,0,517207.story

Massachusetts 07/19/12 Newton, Middlesex County: Health officials confirm mosquito pools collected in Oak Hill and New Centre have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.boston.com/yourtown/news/newton/2012/07/west_nile_virus_detected_in_newton_mosquito_pools.html

Pennsylvania 07/21/12 Barrett Township, Monroe County: Municipal officials say several mosquitoes and five dead birds have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.poconorecord.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20120721/NEWS/120729968

Rhode Island 07/19/12 Westerly, Washington County: Mosquitoes collected in Chapman Swamp have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.boston.com/lifestyle/health/2012/07/19/west-nile-virus-found-westerly-swamp/fvbOHXX55VLbzAOjBxVr9J/story.html

South Dakota 07/20/12 sdgov: Update – One case of human WNV reported in a Lake County resident. A second WNV positive blood donor has been reported.  There have now been 2 WNV positive blood donors in Beadle and Brown counties. There have also been 19 WNV positive mosquito detections in Brown (11), Brookings (5), Codington (1), Hughes (1) and Lincoln (1) counties. – See http://doh.sd.gov/WestNile/PDF/weeklyupdate7-20.pdf

Texas 07/19/12 Brazos County: by Julie Blanco – Texas A&M University, College Station and Bryan have tested positive for mosquitoes that carry (WNV). Other sites that have tested positive for the virus include the area around the Jack K. Williams Administration Building, Brison Park and Sue Haswell Park. While there have been 23 human cases of the virus in Texas this year, there have yet to be any in Brazos County. Texas has highest number of reported human cases of West Nile, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The nation’s first West Nile related death this year occurred in Dallas earlier this month. – See http://www.thebatt.com/west-nile-virus-reappears-on-campus-in-b-cs-area-1.2881341

Texas 07/19/12 Plano, Collin County: Two probable human cases of WNV have been reported occurring in the 75074 and 75075 zip code areas. WNV was first detected in mosquitoes in Plano in mid-June. – See http://www.scntx.com/articles/2012/07/19/plano_star-courier/news/8086.txt

CDC Reports:

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending June 30, 2012:

Published July 6, 2012/ 61(26); ND-353-ND-366

Anaplasmosis . . . 18 . . . Alabama, Florida, Maine (3), New York (12), Vermont,

Babesiosis . . . 2 . . . New York (2),

Brucellosis . . . 1 . . . Indiana,  

Ehrlichiosis . . . 12 . . . Arkansas (3), Maryland, Oklahoma, Tennessee (4), Virginia (3),

Giardiasis . . . 94 . . . Alaska (2), California (11), Florida (21), Iowa (2), Maine, Maryland (2), Missouri (7), Montana (2), Nebraska, New York (24), Ohio (7), Oregon (2), Pennsylvania (6), Washington (8),

HME/HGE Undetermined . . . 3 . . . Indiana, New York (2),

Lyme Disease . . .  212. . .  Alabama, Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland (25), Nebraska, New Jersey (2), New York (90), Oregon, Pennsylvania (70), Vermont (4), Virginia (13), Wisconsin (2),

Rabies (Animal) . . . 32. . . Illinois, Kentucky, Missouri, New York (10), Texas (6), Virginia (13),

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Confirmed) . . . 1. . . New York,

Spotted Fever including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 21 . . . Alabama (3), Florida (2), New York, Oklahoma (3), Tennessee (8), Virginia (3), Wyoming.

HEALTH ALERT – Pennsylvania SWINE FLU (H3N2) cases linked to Washington County Fair; HEALTH ALERT – California’s Los Angeles County officials calling WEST NILE VIRUS near-epidemic; Colorado warns pet owners of BUBONIC PLAGUE in PRAIRIE DOG dens; North Carolina child’s death likely caused by LACROSSE ENCEPHALITIS; CDC reports Wisconsin man died of RABIES last year; USFWS agents in Wyoming kill 6 WOLVES; RABIES reports from NM, NY, NC,OH, & WV; and WEST NILE VIRUS reports from PA, & VT. Canada: Quebec to distribute oral RABIES vaccine bait in Montreal parks. CDC ZOONOTIC DISEASE SUMMARY for week ending August 20, 2011. Follow-Up Reports: UN says mutant strain of BIRD FLU (H5N1) not likely to threaten human health; and Colorado wildlife officers kill 7 COYOTES in Broomfield.

PD Photo courtesy U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Pennsylvania 09/05/11 state.pa.us: News Release – The Pennsylvania departments of Health and Agriculture today announced three cases of a novel influenza A virus have been identified, and are now linked to an agricultural fair in southwestern Pennsylvania. The first individual to become ill, announced on Friday, Sept. 2, has fully recovered from the illness. Two other individuals, confirmed ill over the weekend, are recovering. All three are children who reported attending the Washington County Agricultural Fair the week of Aug. 13-20, 2011.

The cases in Pennsylvania are similar to previous, rare human infections withswine-origin H3N2 viruses, but are unique in that they contain a genetic component of the H1N1 virus. A continuing investigation, which is being jointly undertaken by the departments of Health and Agriculture, as well as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), has not yet uncovered how the illness was transmitted to the three individuals. However, no additional human infections with this virus have been identified to date.

Anyone who attended the Washington County Fair and has flu-like symptoms should contact their local health care provider or call 1-877-PA-HEALTH. Symptoms would be similar to that of seasonal influenza, and would include fever, lethargy (extreme tiredness), lack of appetite and coughing. Other influenza symptoms may include a runny nose, sore throat, eye irritation, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The Department of Health and the CDC are conducting increased surveillance and tracking in southwestern Pennsylvania, as well as setting up informational booths about influenza at agricultural fairs, while Department of Agriculture is continuing with monitoring the health of animals at all exhibitions.

Livestock Judging Team at a county fair.

The Department of Health continues to urge the public to take everyday precautions to prevent the spread of respiratory viruses, while the Department of Agriculture reminds residents to remember to wash your hands after coming into contact with animals at fairs and in other public venues. “We’re not telling people to avoid public venues or fairs,” said Pennsylvania DOH Secretary Dr. Eli Avila. “But, until we complete our investigation, we want to make sure that the public is aware and is taking the proper precautions to protect their health.”

Everyday preventative actions against influenza include:

  •  · Coughing or sneezing into a tissue, your sleeve or elbow (not your hands);
  • · Washing your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds,
  • especially after you cough or sneeze, or using an alcohol-based hand cleaner;
  • · Keeping your hands away from your face – don’t touch your mouth, hands or eyes;
  • · Keeping frequently used surfaces clean; and
  • · Staying home from work, school, and social gatherings if you have flu-like
  • and feverish symptoms to help prevent others from catching your illness.

For more information, visit http://www.health.state.pa.us or call 1-877-PA-HEALTH.

California 09/04/11 ktla.com: Studio City – Three birds found dead have tested positive for West Nile Virus in the area for the first time in two years, and three more infected birds were discovered nearby. The birds discovered dead in the area over the past week, the first area sighting in two years, along with three more in Sherman Oaks, add to levels of infection that the Los Angeles County Vector Control District is calling near-epidemic. Officials credit this summer’s high temperatures with the increase of infections, expecting levels of infection to stabilize once the weather cools. Earlier in August, three of 31 mosquito samples from the Studio City area tested positive for the disease. Two dead birds testing positive were found in Chatsworth, along with one in Northridge, Canoga Park, Sun Valley, West Hills and Van Nuys. This year’s sightings in Chatsworth, Canyon Country, and Sun Valley, were the first ever in the areas. In 2010, more dead birds with the virus tested positive in Northridge, and in 2009, the most infections were found Van Nuys and Valley Village.

Colorado 09/04/11 denverpost.com: The Tri-County Health Department continued warnings Saturday for pet owners in Westminster after bubonic plague wiped out entire prairie dog colonies along Big Dry Creek in the past few weeks. The plague is the same kind that killed millions in the 1300s, but health officials say there is little risk to humans. “It’s really low,” said Tri-County’s environmental health director, Tom Butts. “But it’s all based upon whether you get exposed to a flea or not.” Butts says no cases of the plague have been reported in humans from this outbreak. The health department has sprayed prairie dog dens for fleas in the affected areas, and said the risk is much lower to pets and humans now than within the past two weeks before the pesticide application. Fleas carry the plague between animals and humans. The affected open space is roughly from West 112th Avenue and Sheridan Boulevard to West 120th Avenue and Federal Boulevard. Signs have been posted along the Big Dry Creek Trail, warning people and their pets in the area to stay on the trail.

North Carolina 09/02/11 go.com: by Jane E. Allen – An 8-year-old North Carolina girl died this week from encephalitis, after she was bitten by a mosquito likely carrying LaCrosse virus. Her death and the hospitalization of her younger brother are the latest evidence that a wet spring and a hot, wet summer have boosted the insects’ population and power to imperil public health. Health officials on Friday awaited results of lab tests to confirm the underlying cause of the brain inflammation that proved fatal to the Henderson County, N.C., child. The youngster, whose name was being withheld, died Wednesday at Mission Hospital in Asheville, in the mountains of western North Carolina. The LaCrosse virus, which travels from the bloodstream into the brain, can cause headaches, fever, nausea, vomiting and weakness. It can only be spread to people through the bite of an infected mosquito. It cannot be spread from person to person. As of Aug. 30, there were 22 confirmed and probable LaCrosse illnesses reported to the CDC. The CDC tally consisted of four cases from North Carolina, along with others from Georgia, Indiana, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, West Virginia and Wisconsin.

Silverhaired Bat

Wisconsin December 2010 cdc.gov: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report September 2, 2011 / 60(34);1164-1166 – In late December 2010, a male resident of Wisconsin, aged 70 years, sought treatment for progressive right shoulder pain, tremors, abnormal behavior, and difficulty swallowing at an emergency department (ED). He was admitted for observation and treated for presumed alcohol withdrawal syndrome. The next day, he had fever, rigidity, and blood tests indicated a breakdown of muscle fibers. A neurological disorder was diagnosed. The patient’s clinical status worsened, with brain damage, respiratory failure, acute renal failure, and episodes of cardiac arrest. With continued clinical deterioration, additional causes were considered, including rabies. But it wasn’t until hospital day 12 that rabies virus antigens were detected and rabies virus in saliva specimens sent to CDC. A rabies virus variant associated with silver-haired bats (Lasionycteris noctivagans) was identified. The patient died on hospital day 13. His spouse reported that they had been selling firewood, and bats had been present in the woodpile; however, the man had not reported a bat bite. Two relatives and five health-care workers potentially exposed to the man’s saliva received post exposure prophylaxis (PEP). This case highlights the variable presentations of rabies and the ease with which a diagnosis of rabies can be missed in a clinically challenging patient. Continued public education regarding risks for rabies virus exposure during interactions with wildlife, particularly bats, is important. For complete report go to http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6034a3.htm?s_cid=mm6034a3_e&source=govdelivery

Wyoming 09/03/11 chron.com: While residents debate Wyoming’s proposed wolf plan, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has killed six wolves in as many weeks for preying on livestock. An agent for the federal agency responsible for wolf recovery reported three wolves were killed after a cow was found dead July 17 on a public grazing allotment near Togwotee Pass in northwest Wyoming. About a month later, wolves killed three calves and yearling cow on another allotment in the Upper Green River drainage. Federal Fish and Wildlife officials say three wolves were killed in the Upper Green and more may be targeted. The Jackson Hole News & Guide reports (http://bit.ly/n79RRx) that the agency also has issued a shoot-on-sight permit to a La Barge resident after confirming six horses were injured by wolves there.

New Mexico 09/03/11 chron.com: The New Mexico Department of Health says one bat from Bernalillo County and another from Dona Ana County have tested positive for rabies. They say the rabid bat in Bernalillo County bit an adult within Albuquerque city limits. That person now is now receiving the series of post-exposure rabies vaccinations. No people or animals are known to have been exposed to the bat that tested positive from Dona Ana County. This year, there have been 10 rabid animals reported in New Mexico, six rabid skunks, one rabid horse and a rabid dog.

New York 09/03/11 midhudsonnews.com: A cat found wild in the Town of Wawayanda has been tested and found to have rabies, Orange County Health Commissioner Dr. Jean Hudson said late Friday. All known contacts have been treated and the municipality was informed. The public is reminded not to touch wild animals including cats, dead or alive. “Kittens and other young animals are very appealing but rabies is deadly,” Hudson said. She said parents should question their children about any contract with wild kittens or other animals. If you were bitten or scratched by a stray cat or kitten, particularly in the area of Lipper Drive and Ryerson Road in Wawayanda, call the Orange County Health Department at 845-291-2332.

North Carolina 09/03/11 wilsontimes.com: by Gina Childress – A 14-year-old Fike High School freshman is undergoing rabies treatments after being bitten by a fox Tuesday night. Zack Bland, who lives at 5164 Redmond Road, suffered a minor bite wound and some scratches that didn’t require any stitches but is now undergoing treatment because the state lab confirmed Thursday the fox was rabid, said Wilson County Sheriff’s officials. (For complete article go to http://www.wilsontimes.com/News/Local/Story/6089269—Rabid-fox-attacks-teen )

Ohio 09/02/11 twinsburghbulletin.com: The Summit County Combined General Health District, in collaboration with the USDA Division of Wildlife Services, will participate in a multi-county rabies vaccine baiting operation for raccoons. This operation is in response to raccoons testing “positive” for rabies in Lake, Geauga and Cuyahoga Counties in northeast Ohio since 2004, breaching the Ohio/Pennsylvania rabies vaccine barrier. The baiting is scheduled to run through Sept. 30, weather permitting, in: Boston Heights; Hudson, north of state Route 303; Macedonia; Northfield Center; Northfield Village; Reminderville; Sagamore Hills; Twinsburg City and Twinsburg Township. The Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area will be baited by aircraft. The aerial rabies baiting operation could last up to 30 days. Communities that surround the park should be aware that pieces of bait may fall outside the park boundaries. For more information, call the Ohio Department of Health rabies information line at 1-888-722-4371 or Terry Tuttle in the Environmental Health Division of the Summit County Health District at 330-926-5630 or 330-923-8856.

West Virginia 09/01/11 wboy.com: In an effort to vaccinate raccoons, an oral rabies vaccine bait will be distributed across Monongalia County beginning in early September, according to a news release from the Monongalia County Health Department. The West Virginia Department of Health and Human Services, in collaboration with the USDA- Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service – Wildlife Services, will be distributing the oral rabies vaccine to establish an immune barrier to stop the spread of raccoon rabies in West Virginia. The vaccine will be distributed across 32 counties during the month of September. Hand baiting may begin as early as Sept. 1 and continue until completion, and a low-flying plane will begin the aerial distribution Sept. 11. Officials hope to finish the distribution by Oct. 1. Hand baiting in the Morgantown area is scheduled for Sept. 5 and 6. Anyone who comes into direct contact with the bait or vaccine may contact the Monongalia County Health Department at 304-598-5100. For more information regarding the scheduled bait drop, visit the WVDHHR Web site by clicking here.

Pennsylvania 09/04/11 patch.com: by Mischa Amosky – Biologists from the EPA have been setting mosquito traps in the Abington area over the last few weeks, and this testing has resulted in several positive occurrences of West Nile Virus in Abington Township. West Nile can cause humans to become infected West Nile encephalitis or meningitis, which may result in an inflammation of the brain. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, all residents in areas where virus activity has been identified are at risk of contracting West Nile encephalitis. As a result, per its press release, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection will begin the application of Biomist or Duet via truck and ATV-mounted sprayers on the evenings of Tuesday Sept. 6, and Wednesday, Sept. 7, in portions of Abington and Cheltenham townships to control adult mosquito populations.

Vermont 09/04/11 timesargus.com: by Jenna Pizzi – State officials are warning of West Nile virus in Vermont after receiving two reports of infected people in the last few weeks. This is the first time human cases of the mosquito-borne illness have been reported in the state since 2003. The Vermont Department of Health is currently investigating the case of one Addison County resident who may be infected. Earlier this summer, a Franklin County resident was found to have West Nile virus when donating blood. The blood was discarded. The virus was detected in two mosquito pools in Brandon and Cornwall as well as seven dead birds found in Vernon, Colchester, Essex, Shelburne and Rutland this year.

Canada:

Quebec 09/04/11 cjad.com: posted by Richard Deschamps – Starting Tuesday, city officials and the Quebec wildlife ministry will embark on a campaign aimed at curbing the incidence of rabies among raccoons and other animals that might turn up in Montreal’s parks. Six Montreal parks will be targeted by the campaign: Mount Royal park, the Anse-a-l’Orme nature park, the Cap St-Jacques nature park, the Bois-de-l’Ile-Bizard nature park, the Bois-de-Liesse nature park, and the Pointe-aux-Prairies nature park. From Tuesday through Friday, professional trappers will be laying down hundreds of traps in the parks where it’s believed there are large populations of raccoons, foxes and skunks. The bait is a sweet-smelling pellet, which looks like a piece of olive-green ravioli, containing an anti-rabies vaccine that the animals will consume. Pierre Canac-Marquis with the wildlife ministry says there are no recent cases of rabid animals to speak of in Montreal, but there have been outside of Montreal, along the American border, and they’re not taking any chances.

CDC MMWR Summary for Week ending August 20, 2011:

Published Aug 26, 2011 / 60(33); 1136-1149

Anaplasmosis . . . 18 . . . New Hampshire, New York (16), Ohio,

Babesiosis . . . 42 . . . New York (42),

Brucellosis . . . 2 . . . Florida, Missouri,

Ehrlichiosis . . . 5 . . . New York (3), Tennessee, Virginia,

Giardiasis . . . 191 . . . Arizona, Arkansas (3), California (15), Colorado (7), Florida (27), Georgia (10), Idaho (3), Iowa (7), Maine (3), Maryland (5), Michigan (4), Missouri (12), Montana (2), Nebraska (9), New York (32), Ohio (28), Oregon, Pennsylvania (6), South Carolina, Vermont (5), Virginia (2), Washington (7), Wisconsin,

HME/HGE Undetermined . . . 1 . . . Missouri,

Lyme Disease . . .  549 . . . California (2), Delaware (3), Florida (4), Georgia (2), Maine (3), Maryland (14), Michigan (2), Montana, New Hampshire (2), New Jersey (119), New York (215), Pennsylvania (148), Rhode Island (6), Tennessee (2), Vermont, Virginia (25),

Rabies (Animal) . . . 30 . . . Illinois, Maine, Michigan (2), New Hampshire (3), New York (11), Ohio (2), Virginia (10),

Spotted Fever (Confirmed) . . . 4 . . . Georgia (4),

Spotted Fever (Probable) . . . 18 . . . Delaware, Florida, Missouri, Oklahoma (3), Tennessee (4), Virginia (8),

Tularemia . . . 1 . . . Missouri, 

Follow-Up Reports:

Global 09/05/11 afp.com: (See September 2, 2011: Bird Flu H5N1 Update) A mutant strain of the deadly bird flu H5N1 virus detected in Vietnam does not appear to pose an increased risk to human health, the United Nations said on Monday. The UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) last week voiced concern about the appearance in Vietnam and China of the strain, warning of “a possible major resurgence” of the virus, which developed into a pandemic in 2009. After Indonesia, Vietnam has recorded the highest number of human deaths from bird flu, with 59 since 2003, according to World Health Organisation (WHO) data. “The last human H5N1 cases in Vietnam were reported in April 2010, but none caused by the new strain,” the WHO and FAO said in a joint statement issued in response to questions from AFP. “There is no evidence to suggest yet that this new virus strain will have any increased risk to human health.” Bird flu is currently affecting poultry in four provinces, according to Vietnam’s animal health department. The mutant strain, known as H5N1 – 2.3.2.1, was first noticed in Vietnam in 2009. It has replaced the previously dominant strain and has been identified in 16 Vietnamese provinces this year, the UN statement said.       (For complete article go to http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5iyUgBgBV37NExFUsry4wQSBXg-8Q?docId=CNG.00f708c014f0f95171750d454d5100e4.771 )

Colorado 09/02/11 dailycamera.com: by Joe Rubino – (See August 18, 2011: Coyote attacks another youngster in Colorado) State wildlife officers killed seven coyotes in the Anthem neighborhood in the past two weeks in response to a string of coyote attacks on children, officials reported. All told, officers have killed nine coyotes in the Anthem area since July, state Parks and Wildlife spokeswoman Jennifer Churchill said. After several weeks of trapping and shooting coyotes in Anthem, wildlife officers will stop patrolling the area unless run-ins persist between residents and aggressive coyotes, Churchill said. A coyote bit a 6-year-old boy Aug. 16 while he was walking with his father and younger sister on a trail near Colo. 7 between Lowell Boulevard and Sheridan Parkway, Churchill said. The boy suffered only minor scrapes and a pair of puncture wounds on his buttocks, according to police, but the attack was the third reported instance of coyote aggression toward a child in Anthem since mid-July. “We really feel — looking at all the incidents together, and looking at how these children were aggressively chased by coyotes — there was a public safety issue there,” Churchill said. In a similar incident July 18, a 21/2-year-old boy was walking with his father on a trail in Anthem when a coyote knocked the boy down and bit him on the buttocks and lower-back region. The boy fully recovered after receiving a rabies vaccination, and wildlife officials killed a coyote in the area following the attack. Several weeks after the mid-July attack, Churchill said, wildlife officials were alerted to an incident in the same neighborhood in which a coyote rushed a 4-year-old boy while he played in his front yard. The boy’s mother scared off the coyote before it could harm her son, Churchill said, but wildlife officers killed another coyote following that encounter.

Mid-Western group forming Yellowstone Country Bear Hunters Association; Arizona has first human case of West Nile Virus this year; Minnesota records first death from Powassan Virus; North Carolina’s Macon County has first LaCrosse Viral Encephalitis case this year; and Rabies reports from Illinois, and North Carolina.

Black bear in Yellowstone National Park. Photo by Jim Martin. Wikimedia Commons.

Wyoming 06/29/11 codyenterprise.com: by Mark Heinz – Joe Kondelis was still in high school when he and a friend decided to try hunting bears. Though they had experience with other species, bear hunting was a completely new venture. “I had no idea what to do,” Kondelis said. “My dad had taught me to hunt, but he didn’t hunt bears.” Before long, he was enthralled with the species and the sport, and his enthusiasm has only deepened since. “I like deer and elk,” he said. “I like hunting them and eating them, but if the Game and Fish were to tell me I could hunt only one species, it would be bears.”

Black bear sausage

A native of Butte, Mont., Kondelis moved to Cody in 2005, and has pursued black bears in the Big Horn Mountains, as well as the rugged country west of Cody. “Bears are my favorite animals,” he said. “I love being out among them. For me, it’s not just about the kill.” Bear hides and fur can be used for a variety of things, including for display or to make blankets and pillows, he said. And although many people might not think of it as good table fare, Kondelis said bear meat can be superb. “It makes great sausages, salami, jerky and roasts,” he said. Since bears can carry trichinosis, meat should always be cooked thoroughly.

Kondelis and a handful of friends in Wyoming, Montana and Idaho recently formed the Yellowstone Country Bear Hunter’s Association, in hopes of spreading their passion for bears to other sportsmen. The group has applied for 501(c)3 status, so they can start hosting fundraisers. They plan to put the money directly back into bear conservation, or such things as bear-proof garbage barrels, to help reduce conflicts with humans. Kondelis hopes Yellowstone Country Bear Hunters Association will thrive, and eventually join the efforts of more established hunting and conservation groups. (For complete article go to http://www.codyenterprise.com/news/sports/article_6766dc9e-a287-11e0-a425-001cc4c03286.html )

Arizona 06/29/11 ktar.com: A Valley man in his late 70s is Arizona’s first lab-confirmed human case of West Nile Virus this summer. The man is recovering from West Nile encephalitis in a skilled nursing facility, the Maricopa County Health Department said Wednesday. “We detected a lot of West Nile disease last year and know that what we found is just the tip of the iceberg,” said Dr. Bob England, county health director. “Last year, about 60 percent of our reported cases were considered to be neuroinvasive illnesses, which is when the disease affects the nerves, brain and spinal cord,” he said. “This form is very serious that requires hospitalization and can be deadly. West Nile fever or non-neuroinvasive illness is highly underreported because many people feel like they have a bad cold or the flu but don’t see a doctor and therefore never get tested and reported to public health.” He added, “The bottom line is that we are all at risk and need to protect ourselves from those pesky critters,” said England, referring to the mosquitoes that carry West Nile virus. In 2010, Maricopa County recorded its second worst West Nile virus season with 115 lab-confirmed cases. The worst season was in 2004 with 355 confirmed cases.

Minnesota 06/29/11 shakopeenews.com: A woman in her 60s from northern Minnesota has died from a brain infection due to Powassan (POW) virus. This is the first death in the state attributed to the disease. One other likely POW case has been identified this year in Minnesota, in an Anoka County man in his 60s who was hospitalized with a brain infection and is now recovering at home. POW virus is transmitted through the bite of an infected tick.  Both 2011 cases became ill in May after spending time outdoors and noticing tick bites. The fatal case was likely exposed to ticks near her home. The case from Anoka County might have been exposed near his home or at a cabin in northern Minnesota.

Health officials say this death serves as a reminder of the vital importance of preventing tick bites. “Although Powassan cases are rarely identified, it is a severe disease which is fatal in about 10 percent of cases nationwide, and survivors may have long-term neurological problems” said Dr. Ruth Lynfield, state epidemiologist with the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH). “Powassan disease is caused by a virus and is not treatable with antibiotics, so preventing tick bites is crucial.”
In Minnesota, POW virus can be transmitted by the blacklegged tick (also called the deer tick), which can also carry Lyme disease, anaplasmosis, and babesiosis. The blacklegged tick is abundant during our warm weather months in hardwood and mixed-hardwood forests of Minnesota. When a tick infected with POW virus attaches to a person, it might take only minutes of tick attachment for the virus to be transmitted. POW was first detected in Minnesota in 2008, in a Cass County child who was exposed near home. In 2009-2010, five additional POW cases were identified in Minnesota. These cases were likely exposed to infected ticks in north-central or east-central counties (Cass, Carlton, Hubbard, Itasca, or Kanabec). In addition to these human cases, MDH

Blacklegged tick

has found POW-infected ticks in northern counties (Cass, Clearwater, and Pine) and in southeastern Minnesota (Houston County).

POW virus was first described in 1958 in Powassan, Ontario. Since then, about 60 cases have been identified in North America. Most of these cases were from eastern Canada and the northeastern U.S. until the last decade, when cases began to be reported from Michigan, Wisconsin, and now Minnesota. POW virus is related to West Nile virus (WNV). Like WNV, POW virus can cause severe disease of the central nervous system, involving inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) or the lining of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis). People with POW may have fever, headache, vomiting, weakness, confusion, loss of coordination, speech difficulties, and memory loss. Signs and symptoms occur within one to five weeks of an infectious tick bite.

North Carolina 06/29/11 smokymountainnews.com: Public health officials have reported that a child in Macon County has contracted LaCrosse Viral Encephalitis, a potentially serious illness carried and transmitted by mosquitoes. While other mosquito-borne diseases such as West Nile Virus are found across the state, LaCrosse is largely confined to Western North Carolina. The disease is rarely fatal, but a Transylvania County girl died as a result of infection in 2001. And in 2009, a child in Cherokee died, adding new emphasis to health officials’ efforts to warn people about the potential dangers of LaCrosse. There were 13 confirmed and potential cases identified in WNC in 2010. Cherokee, in particular the Big Cove community, and Black Mountain — for unknown reasons — are recognized in the medical community as hotspots for the illness, said Dr. Penny O’Neill, a pediatrician with Sylva Pediatric Associates. But, as the case in Macon County shows, the dangers exist anywhere in the region.

Illinois 06/28/11 bnd.com: A sick bat found Wednesday in Mitchell has tested positive for rabies, the first case of the disease detected this year in Madison County. There was no known human or animal exposure to the bat, according to Dr. David Hall, the Madison County rabies control administrator and a veterinarian. Bats are the No. 1 carrier of rabies in Illinois, Hall stated.

North Carolina 06/28/11 wspa.com: The third confirmed case of rabies in 2011 has been reported in Haywood County, following an incident involving some hunting dogs and a raccoon. Jean Hazzard, Haywood County Animal Services Director, said the incident occurred Sunday in the Beaverdam area, when the dogs got into a fight with the raccoon. The raccoon was killed and the owner of the dogs reported the incident. Tests on the raccoon came back positive. As a result of this attack, Animal Services and the Haywood County Health Department are urging county residents, especially those in the eastern part of the county, to make sure that rabies vaccines are current on their pets. “This is the third positive raccoon in recent months from Newfound to Thickety,” Hazzard said “These animals can be pretty mobile, so we are encouraging pet owners in the Beaverdam, Buckeye Cove, Thickety and other adjacent areas to keep their pets on their property and to make sure rabies vaccines are current.” Hazzard said the dogs involved in Sunday’s incident were current on their vaccines, but were expected to receive booster shots. For more information on rabies in Haywood County, please contact Animal Services at 828-456-5338 or the county Health Department at 828-452-6675.