Tag Archives: Pets

New study suggests LYME DISEASE may be sexually transmitted ~ RABIES reports from AZ, GA, MD, NY NCx2, OK, TXx4, VA, & WY ~ TRAVEL WARNING: CHIKUNGUNYA reaching epidemic proportions in eastern CARIBBEAN.

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North America 01/20/14 afmr.org: A new study suggests that Lyme disease may be sexually transmitted. The study was presented at the annual Western Regional Meeting of the American Federation for Medical Research, and an abstract of the research was published in the January issue of the Journal of Investigative Medicine. “Our findings will change the way Lyme disease is viewed by doctors and patients,” said Marianne Middelveen, lead author of the study presented in Carmel. “It explains why the disease is more common than one would think if only ticks were involved in transmission.”

AFMR-Logo-TopIn the study, researchers tested semen samples and vaginal secretions from three groups of patients: control subjects without evidence of Lyme disease, random subjects who tested positive for Lyme disease, and married heterosexual couples engaging in unprotected sex who tested positive for the disease. As expected, all of the control subjects tested negative for Borrelia burgdorferi in semen samples or vaginal secretions. In contrast, all women with Lyme disease tested positive for Borrelia burgdorferi in vaginal secretions, while about half of the men with Lyme disease tested positive for the Lyme spirochete in semen samples. Furthermore, one of the heterosexual couples with Lyme disease showed identical strains of the Lyme spirochete in their genital secretions. “The presence of the Lyme spirochete in genital secretions and identical strains in married couples strongly suggests that sexual transmission of the disease occurs,” said Dr. Mayne. “We don’t yet understand why women with Lyme disease have consistently positive vaginal secretions, whilst semen samples are more variable. Obviously there is more work to be done here.” – See press release at http://www.onlineprnews.com/news/454866-1390261507-lyme-disease-may-be-sexually-transmitted-study-suggests.html

Rabies:

3821fefe9b4884850185047e22654718Arizona 01/23/14 Pima County: A skunk found in the middle of a busy trail at Catalina State Park on January 21st has tested positive for rabies. A ranger found the animal surrounded by 30 or more people, some with pets, and it’s unknown if there was any contact, which could require post-exposure treatment. – See http://tucsoncitizen.com/pima-county-news/2014/01/23/skunk-with-rabies-found-among-hikers-at-catalina-state-park/

ebf690e90681d99a574659bc81d78f29Georgia 01/16/14 Harris County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert after a fox attacked two pets in Catuala on Preston Road Jan 14th. The fox has since tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.wtvm.com/story/24471421/breaking

Maryland 01/23/14 Carroll County: A stray cat found in the York Road area of Manchester has tested positive for rabies. The cat was a domestic short hair with a gray and white coat. Anyone who might have been exposed should seed immediate medical advice. – See http://westminster.patch.com/groups/police-and-fire/p/manchester-area-stray-cat-tests-positive-for-rabies

Horse%20TeethNew York 01/26/14 Herkimer County: A horse stabled in the town of Newport has tested positive for rabies. See http://www.littlefallstimes.com/article/20140126/NEWS/140129449

North Carolina 01/21/14 Wake County: A Rabies Alert was issued today for Wendell after a raccoon that came in contact with a dog tested positive for the virus. The incident occurred in the vicinity of Wood Green Drive and Deer Lake Trail. – See http://www.easternwakenews.com/2014/01/21/3552717/wake-county-issues-rabies-notice.html

Raccoon-SiedePreis-smNorth Carolina 01/18/14 Wake County: A raccoon that was in contact with a family and its pets in the vicinity of Winding Way and Friendship Road in Apex on January 17th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.newsobserver.com/2014/01/18/3544888/rabid-raccoon-found-in-apex.html

Oklahoma 01/19/14 Pottawatomie County:  An unvaccinated dog that fought with a skunk in the backyard of its owner’s home in south Shawnee has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.news-star.com/article/20140117/NEWS/140119668/-1/sports

Texas 01/20/14 Hill County: A cat that bit a woman on the toe January 14th has tested positive for rabies. The incident occurred at the woman’s residence on First Street in Mount Calm. The woman and her daughter, 9, are being treated for potential exposure to the virus, and seven other cats at the residence were impounded and will be euthanized. – See http://hillsbororeporter.com/rabies-case-reported-in-mount-calm-p17289-54.htm

090828-free-tailed-bats-love-songs_bigTexas 01/20/14 Lackland Air Force Base: The U.S. Air Force is vaccinating more than 200 recruits against rabies after bats were found in their dorms on Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland. The Air Force stressed that it did not consider the situation an emergency, but was “exercising an abundance of caution”.  Bats were seen in only four of the 20 dorms in the complex and one that was captured is being tested for the virus. – See http://www.mysanantonio.com/news/local/military/article/Lackland-recruits-get-rabies-shots-after-bats-5157522.php

imagesj88d7dTexas 01/20/14 West Texas: The Texas Department of State Health Services is preparing to launch its 20th annual airdrop of rabies vaccine in portions of the state. The effort has successfully eliminated the canine strain of rabies and virtually eliminated the fox strain of rabies in Texas by vaccinating coyotes and gray foxes in a wide swath of southern and western Texas over the last 20 years. Now, the Oral Rabies Vaccination Program is testing an expanded effort to vaccinate skunks. The 2014 ORVP will begin with planes taking off from an airport in Del Rio on January 15 and from Zapata and Alpine on or about January 21. Those aircraft will drop vaccine baits over rural areas along the Rio Grande to maintain protection against rabies as animals migrate in and out of the state. “Skunks and bats are now the animals in Texas most likely to have and spread rabies,” said Dr. Laura Robinson, ORVP director. “Early tests involving skunks have been promising, and we’re hopeful that expanding our study area will help show us the best way to eliminate skunk rabies in Texas.” A small bait drop will occur on or about January 25 in an area centered on the Concho/McCulloch county line where a single cow tested positive for the Texas fox strain of rabies in 2013. Finally, starting on or about January 26 DSHS will begin the expanded effort to vaccinate skunks. Baits will be dropped over rural areas and wildlife habitats in the expanded skunk study zone, covering an area from Madison and Walker counties running southwest to Bastrop County then southeast to Waller County. – See http://bigbendnow.com/2014/01/aerial-vaccine-drops-to-combat-rabies-begins-next-week-in-far-west-texas/

Texas 01/15/14 Collin County: A skunk that came in contact with a pet in the vicinity of West Parker and Midway roads in Plano has tested positive for a - Copyrabies. – See http://planoblog.dallasnews.com/2014/01/skunk-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-west-plano.html/

Virginia 01/22/14 Henrico County: A skunk found dead near a dog pen in a homeowner’s backyard last week has tested positive for rabies. Police say two dogs were exposed and will be quarantined. – See http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/skunk-in-henrico-tests-positive-for-rabies/2014/01/22/4fea0e62-833d-11e3-a273-6ffd9cf9f4ba_story.html

Wyoming 01/21/14 Goshen County: A Rabies Alert has been issued county-wide after three skunks and a house cat tested positive for the virus. The cat bit its owner, who has been treated for potential exposure to rabies. – See http://www.kgoskerm.com/news/regional-news/stories/871-rabies-virus-in-goshen-county

Travel Warning:

chikungunyaCaribbean Basin 01/23/14 fodors.com: by Catie L’Heureux – Several Caribbean islands are facing a mosquito-borne virus outbreak, with more than 480 cases reported in the region as of January 20th. Fortunately, there’s no need to cancel your winter getaway yet—but be sure to keep track of the latest news on the virus and take any necessary precautions before traveling there.  Caribbean’s Mosquito-Borne Virus Prompts Travel Precautions First, the facts: The chikungunya virus is spread by bites from an infected female Aedes aegypti mosquito, and this is the first time the virus has appeared in the Caribbean. Since the disease was first recorded in 1952, it has affected millions of people in Africa and Asia. In December 2013, there were only 10 confirmed cases in St. Martin. Now, according to a January 20th report from the Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA), “confirmed/probable” chikungunya virus cases are present in the following islands: St. Martin with the highest number of 294 cases and the death of an elderly man who contracted the virus but was already severely ill; Martinique, 127; St. Barthelemy , 31; Guadeloupe , 27; Saint Maarten, three; British Virgin Islands, three; Dominica, one; and French Guiana, one.

joint_painThe most common symptoms, which can take up to seven days to appear, include high fever and joint pain in the wrists and ankles. Although symptoms often last three to 10 days, joint pain can last longer and be more debilitating, but severe hospitalization cases are rare. Because there is no vaccine to prevent or cure the virus, treatment focuses on allieviating the symptoms. “The fact that it is a new virus to the region, that is why this is such a concern,” a medical entomologist who works for CARPHA said. She noted that there are high populations of the Aedes aegypti mosquito in all of the Caribbean islands. People also frequently travel between the islands, which helps spread the virus. CARPHA, the World Health Organization, and other key organizations are working to reduce the outbreak by eliminating the mosquitoes’ potential breeding sites. The good news? “There is no need to cancel plans,” the CARPHA medical entomologist said. “We’re not at that point. None of our borders have been closed.”

CALIFORNIA scientists identify new CATTLE VIRUS ~ NEW MEXICO teen has first human case of PLAGUE in U.S. this year ~ COLORADO child exposed to RABBIT with TULAREMIA ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS & WEST NILE VIRUS reports from IN, MN, NM, & SC ~ RABIES reports from AL, FL, PA, & VT.

Guernsey cow. Courtesy of U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Guernsey cow. Courtesy of U.S. Department of Agriculture.

National 08/13/13 ucdavis.edu: A new cow virus that causes neurologic symptoms reminiscent of mad cow disease has been identified and its genome sequenced by a team of researchers including scientists at the University of California, Davis. While this particular new virus is unlikely to pose a threat to human health or the food supply, the new findings are critically important because they provide researchers with a relatively simple diagnostic tool that can reassure both ranchers and consumers by ruling out bovine spongiform encephalopathy — mad cow disease — as the cause of neurologic symptoms when they appear in cattle. Results of the study appear online in the September issue of the Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal, published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

banner_01In this new study, Dr. Patricia Pesavento, a veterinary pathologist in the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, and other researchers analyzed brain tissue from a yearling steer with neurologic symptoms of unknown cause. Through this analysis, they discovered a new virus that belongs to the astrovirus family.

Dr. Patricia Pesavento

Dr. Patricia Pesavento

Further study of brain tissue samples, preserved from earlier examinations of 32 cattle with unexplained neurologic symptoms, revealed the presence of this astrovirus in three of those animals. The researchers used “metagenomic” techniques to sequence this astrovirus species — now referred to as BoAstV0NeuroS. – For complete news release see http://news.ucdavis.edu/search/news_detail.lasso?id=10688

Plague:

Media.aspxNew Mexico 08/12/13 NM Department of Health: State officials have confirmed that a 15-year-old male from Torrance County has the first human case of plague reported in the United States this year. The boy is currently hospitalized in stable condition. Plague is a bacterial disease of rodents and is generally transmitted to humans through the bites of infected fleas, but can also be transmitted by direct contact with infected animals, including rodents, wildlife and pets.- For complete news release see http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20130812-Plague-EN.pdf

Tularemia:

Colorado rabbit NPSColorado 08/15/13 Pueblo County: Public health officials confirmed Thursday a rabbit caught in the 1000 block of West Saginaw Drive in Pueblo West that had been in contact with a child has tested positive for tularemia. – See http://www.kktv.com/news/elevenforhealth/headlines/Rabbit-Tests-Positive-For-Tularemia-In-Pueblo-West-219832021.html

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

IN-DH-B-W-LogoIndiana 08/13/13 IN Department of Health: Health officials continue to encourage Hoosiers to take steps to protect themselves from WNV and other mosquito-borne diseases after mosquito samples from 35 counties have now tested positive for the virus. There has been one human case of WNV in Ripley County and one equine case in Adams County. Counties with WNV-infected mosquitoes include: Adams, Allen, Carroll, Clinton, Daviess, Delaware, DeKalb, Grant, Hamilton, Jay, Jefferson, Knox, Kosciusko, LaGrange, Lake, Marion, Marshall, Martin, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Newton, Noble, Ohio, Parke, Steuben, Sullivan, Tippecanoe, Tipton, Starke, St. Joseph, Vanderburgh, Vigo, White and Whitley. – For complete news release see http://www.in.gov/activecalendar/EventList.aspx?view=EventDetails&eventidn=119373&information_id=186576&type=&syndicate=syndicate

mn-dhlogocolorMNMinnesota 08/14/13 MN Department of Health: State officials have confirmed the first WNV-related human fatality in the state this year. A male resident of Murray County died last week. Sixteen human cases of WNV, including one fatality, have been reported statewide so far this year. – See http://roseville.patch.com/groups/summer/p/west-nile-virus-claims-first-minnesota-victim_b68297b7

NM_image_miniNew Mexico 08/13/13 NM Department of Health: Officials have confirmed that an 83-year-old male from Curry County is the state’s first WNV-related fatality so far this year. A 66-year-old female from Curry County also tested positive for the virus, but she is recovering. New Mexico’s first case of West Nile infection this year was in a 13-year-old male from San Juan County who has recovered. – See http://www.kdbc.com/news/nm-department-health-announces-first-west-nile-death-2013

vaccinationSouth Carolina 08/14/13 SC State Veterinarian: Officials have confirmed 25 cases of EEE in horses statewide since June 28th, 7 of the cases were reported during the past week. About 90% of infected horses die, but EEE is preventable in horses by vaccination. – See http://www.greenvilleonline.com/article/20130814/NEWS/308140026/Horse-virus-cases-up?nclick_check=1

Rabies:

GrayFoxApr04NFlaAlabama 08/14/13 Chilton County: A fox that was reported acting strangely and aggressively on Wednesday by a resident on Old Thorsby Road in Clanton has tested positive for rabies. – http://www.clantonadvertiser.com/2013/08/14/fox-infected-with-rabies-found-in-clanton/

111009110345_Raccoon3 - CopyFlorida 08/14/13 St. Johns County: A raccoon that bit a man in the leg Saturday in a McDonald’s parking lot in the 2400 block of U.S. 1 South in St. Augustine has tested positive for rabies. – See http://staugustine.com/news/local-news/2013-08-14/health-department-issues-rabies-alert-st-johns-county#.Ug059W3DK5c

Bat 1on sidewalkPennsylvania 08/14/13 Montgomery County: A bat found August 10th in the 300 block of Manor Avenue in Plymouth Meeting has tested positive for rabies. – See http://norristown.patch.com/groups/around-town/p/bat-tests-positive-for-rabies_0ccf156e

275899Vermont 08/14/13 western border and Chittendon County: An aerial rabies bait drop will begin August 19th into carefully plotted corridors of remote lowland areas and valleys along the Vermont border and northern Chittendon County. Bait packets will be distributed by hand in urban areas. The baits are described as a dark green, sweet-smelling, vanilla-coated blister pack. Officials say the baits are not harmful to children or pets if touched or eaten, but the pellets should not be handled or disturbed. – See http://rutlandherald.com/article/20130814/NEWS03/708149881

CANADA: Mineral camp worker in YUKON survives GRIZLY attack ~ Second HORSE in MASSACHUSETTS contracts EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS (EEE) ~ WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) reports from CA, ID, IL, KS, MAx4, NE, NC, RI, SC, VT, VA, WA, WI, & WY ~ RABIES reports from AL, FL, GA, MO, NJ, & PA.

Grizzly. Photo by Rennell Stowe. Wikimedia Commons.

Grizzly. Photo by Rennell Stowe. Wikimedia Commons.

Canada:

Yukon 08/09/13 cbc.ca: A worker in a remote bush camp has walked away with fairly minor injuries after an encounter with a female grizzly bear Thursday. The incident happened at a fly-in mineral exploration camp near Wolf Lake about 60 kilometres north of Swift River in the southern Yukon. Ryan Hennings, a Yukon government conservation officer, said the two-woman crew had observed a sow and two cubs almost three weeks earlier but they’d seen nothing since until the incident late Thursday morning. Hennings said it was a surprise encounter for both the woman and the bear, which began when she heard her dog bark to alert her. The bear was about 20 metres away when it charged her, and she tried to pulled her backpack over her head to protect her neck and skull. “As she was pulling the backpack over her head, the bear swiped at her and caught her in the arm and she’s got two large claw wounds, like deep scratches, in her arm and a third one in the back of her elbow,” he said. “So she was knocked to the ground. The bear kind of hoofed and hawed for a really brief second and then turned around and left.” The bear gathered her cubs and vanished.

ca_yukon_watsonlakeHennings said the worker’s partner was on an opposite slope and witnessed the brief encounter, before running to help. They called their employer via satellite phone. Company officials and conservation officers then flew in by helicopter. The injured worker received treatment at Whitehorse General Hospital. Hennings said there’s no risk to the public and the bear will be left alone. – See http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/story/2013/08/09/north-grizzly-bear-attack-yukon.html

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

horse-vacinnation_0Massachusetts 08/07/13 Hampshire County: State health officials have confirmed that a second horse in Belchertown has tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/2013/08/07/mass-horse-found-with-eee-precautions-urged/rjLZo17SW0Bgx7DorC2DpM/story.html

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Orange Cty CACalifornia 08/07/13 Orange County: Health officials have confirmed that a Cypress woman in her 60s tested positive for WNV. She is the first person in the county to contract the virus this year. – See http://www.myfoxla.com/story/23070020/west-nile-virus-spreads-in-las-south-bay-first-oc-case-reported

Gem cty IDIdaho 08/07/13 Gem County: Mosquitoes collected in traps during routine surveillance within the Gem County Mosquito Abatement District (GCMAD) have tested positive for the WNV according to Jason Kinley, Director of GCMAD. – See http://www.kivitv.com/news/local/West-Nile-virus-found-in-Gem-County-218749671.html

Kane cty IL (2)Illinois 08/09/13 Kane County: State public health officials have confirmed that a batch of mosquitoes collected near Algonquin have tested positive for WNV. This is t he first evidence of WNV activity in the county this year. – See http://elburnherald.com/30882/2013/08/09/west-nile-virus-activity-reported-in-kc/

KDHE-logo1Kansas 08/08/13 KS Department of Health: State health officials have confirmed the first human case of WNV in the state has been diagnosed in an adult residing in Atchison County. Also, the first mosquito in the state to test positive for WNV was trapped in Sedgwick County. – See http://www.gbtribune.com/section/1/article/57520/

bristol cty MA (2)Massachusetts 08/08/13 Bristol County: State public health officials announced today that mosquitoes collected in Easton on August 1st have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.wickedlocal.com/easton/features/x1465129036/West-Nile-virus-confirmed-in-mosquitoes-in-Easton

middlesex cty MAMassachusetts 08/08/13 Middlesex County: Health officials announced Thursday that mosquitoes collected in Cambridge and Newton have tested positive for WNV. A few weeks ago, the virus was detected in mosquitoes trapped in Belmont. – See http://belmont.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/additional-west-nile-virusinfected-mosquitos-found-in-neighboring-cambridge

080722_west_nile_generic (2)Massachusetts 08/08/13 Middlesex County: A public health officials announced Thursday that a mosquito trapped in Tewksbury has tested positive for WNV. – See http://homenewshere.com/tewksbury_town_crier/news/article_a1e8dbaa-003c-11e3-b13a-001a4bcf887a.html

imagesCABASWWI-001Massachusetts 08/07/13 tauntongazette.com: by Amy Carboneau – The number of mosquito pools that have tested positive for WNV is up to 64 statewide, which include recent findings in Raynham, Easton and Lakeville. . . . In the greater Brockton area, WNV has now been found in Abington, Brockton, Easton, Hanover, Lakeville, Randolph, Raynham, Rockland, West Bridgewater, Whitman. – See http://www.tauntongazette.com/newsnow/x1676645466/West-Nile-virus-found-in-Raynham

Hall_County_NENebraska 08/06/13 Hall County: Health officials have confirmed that a mosquito trapped in Grand Island on Monday has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.theindependent.com/news/local/west-nile-virus-detected-in-hall-county/article_c7709c80-fed6-11e2-bf3b-0019bb2963f4.html?mode=story

alamance cty.NCNorth Carolina 08/08/13 Alamance County: Public health officials have confirmed a raccoon that fought with two unvaccinated dogs on Parker Street in Graham has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.thetimesnews.com/news/top-news/county-s-fifth-rabies-case-reported-1.183833

providence cty RIRhode Island 08/07/13 Providence County: State officials announced Wednesday that mosquitoes trapped on July 29th in the Smith Hill area of the city of Providence have tested positive for WNV. – http://www.turnto10.com/story/23070380/west-nile-detected-in-providence-mosquitoes

Addison_County_VT (2)Vermont 08/09/13 Addison County: State health officials have confirmed that two more pools of mosquitoes collected on July 26th in Whiting and Leicester have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.sfgate.com/news/article/West-Nile-virus-found-in-more-Vt-mosquitoes-4719914.php

fairchild_signWashington 08/09/13 Spokane County: Health officials have confirmed that a mosquito trapped at Fairfield Air Force Base has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.ksn.com/2013/08/09/west-nile-virus-detected-at-fairchild-afb/

Menominee_County.WIWisconsin 08/07/13 Menominee County: Health officials have confirmed that a dead crow found on July 29th in Keshena on the Menominee Reservation has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.shawanoleader.com/main.asp?SectionID=2&SubSectionID=27&ArticleID=35768

Fremont_County.WYWyoming 08/07/13 Fremont County: A female resident of the county has been diagnosed as the second human case of WNV reported in the state this year. – See http://dailyranger.com/story.php?story_id=8564

Rabies:

ala-department-of-public-healthAlabama 08/07/13 AL Department of Public Health: This year, 21 cases of rabies have been reported to the USDA Wildlife Services from Chilton, Jefferson, Shelby and St. Clair counties. Two of those cases have been from domestic animals; a dog in the Columbiana area of Shelby County and a cat in the Leeds area of Jefferson County. The virus has been reported often east of the Coosa River for years, but more rabid raccoons are being reported on the west side now.– See http://www.alabamas13.com/story/23077490/cases-of-rabies-have-risen-in-the-greater-birmingham-area

Florida-Department-of-Health-LOGO1-e1293997049361-300x115Florida 08/07/13 FL Department of Health: The counties with the most cases of rabies between 1997 and July 2013 are: Marion at 216, Polk at 184, Palm Beach at 165, Alachua at 164 and Orange at 149. The counties with the least are Wakulla, DeSoto, Liberty, Glades and Gadsden with only eight total cases. – See http://www.wuft.org/news/2013/08/07/here-are-florida-counties-with-the-most-rabies-cases-since-1997/

raccoon_lgGeorgia 08/07/13 Hall County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert for the county’s northern Arbor Road area after a raccoon tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.gainesvilletimes.com/section/6/article/87036/

crittersMissouri 08/07/13 Jefferson County: Health officials have issued a Rabies Warning in the county because the number of animals testing positive this year has increased. Most of these are wild, such as bats and skunks, but three dogs, one cat, and one horse have also tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.ksdk.com/news/article/391746/3/Jefferson-Co-health-officials-issue-rabies-warning

6735_Pip%20Bat%20Chris%20Shields%20(rspb-images_com)New Jersey 08/07/13 Atlantic County: Public health officials have confirmed that a bat found in the 500 block of Bainbridge Avenue in Hamilton Township has tested positive for rabies. The dog1property owner reported finding her vaccinated dog with the live bat in its mouth. This is the fifth confirmed case of rabies in the county so far this year. – See http://www.shorenewstoday.com/snt/news/index.php/regional/atlantic-county/42474-atlantic-county-reports-fifth-rabies-case-in-hamilton-township-bat.html

Rabies vaccine fishmeal bait packets.

Rabies vaccine fishmeal bait packets.

Pennsylvania 08/07/13 Allegheny County: Health officials have announced that the annual raccoon rabies vaccine baiting program will be conducted August 12-16. The baits, specially made for raccoons and laced with rabies vaccine, are small plastic packets coated with fishmeal or one-square-inch blocks of compressed fishmeal. Health Department workers, wearing T-shirts and driving vehicles marked to identify them as part of the “Rabies Control Team,” will distribute about 230,000 baits by hand in all municipalities on foot and from vehicles. The public is asked to keep their pets on a leash, indoors or confined to their property as much as possible during the next two weeks, because while the baits are not harmful to pets, health officials don’t want them to find and eat the baits instead of raccoons. –For complete press release see http://www.achd.net/pr/pubs/2013release/080713_bait.html

0714Raccoon_Procyon_lotor_4South Carolina 08/08/13 Charleston County: Five adults in the Hollywood area are being treated for potential exposure to rabies after being exposed to a raccoon that tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.abcnews4.com/story/23085965/five-adults-being-treated-for-rab

2531896582_b854ccc1a8Virginia 08/08/13 Russell County: Health officials confirm that a fox found in the county on July 31st has tested positive for rabies. This is the fifth rabid animal found in the county this year. – See http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/rabies-confirmed-in-fox-in-russell-county-5th-rabid-animal-in-the-southwest-va-county-in-13/2013/08/08/9b0d57be-fff8-11e2-8294-0ee5075b840d_story.htmlies-in-charleston-co

LEPTOSPIROSIS said to be endemic in parts of OHIO and MICHIGAN ~ CANADA: Domestic PORK-related TRICHINOSIS found on private farm in ONTARIO ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS report from GEORGIA ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CAx3, ID, ILx3, IN, MA, NY, PA, & WY ~ RABIES reports from FL, & NC ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: RHODE ISLAND officials rule out RABIES in death of second CALF.

Photo courtesy U.S. Army.

Photo courtesy U.S. Army.

National 07/29/13: Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects both animals and humans, and it’s more prevalent this year because of heavier rain. There are about 100 strains that are recognized, but most vets vaccinate for the four most common in the U.S. The bacteria are spread through the urine of infected hosts, which can get into water or soil and can survive there for weeks to months. Many different wild and domestic animals carry the disease. Humans can become infected through contact with the urine or other body fluids, but not saliva, of infected animals, or through contact with water, soil, or food contaminated with the urine of infected animals. The bacteria can enter the body through skin or mucous (eyes, nose, or mouth) membranes, especially if the skin is broken from a cut or scratch. Drinking contaminated water can also lifemoto_blogspot_comcause infection. Person to person transmission is rare. In humans, leptospirosis can cause a wide range of flu-like symptoms and lasts from a few days to 3 or more weeks. Without treatment, recovery may take several months. Leptospirosis is an occupational hazard for many who work outdoors or with animals, and it has been associated with recreational activities in contaminated lakes and rivers. According to a recent article in The Blade of Toledo by Tanya Irwin, the disease is endemic in northwest Ohio and southeast Michigan.– For Tanya Irwin’s article see http://www.toledoblade.com/Medical/2013/07/29/Flulike-bacteria-sickens-people-and-pets-alike.html and for more information about Leptospirosis see http://www.cdc.gov/leptospirosis/index.html

Trichinosis:

Canada:

Trichinosis2Ontario 07/26/13 owensoundsuntimes.com: by Tracey Richardson – A Bruce County child has had the extremely rare distinction of acquiring trichinosis from pork — something that was thought to have been eradicated from the province for decades. Trichinosis is caused by small roundworms of the trichinella species. Infective larvae are transferred by the consumption of raw or undercooked infected meat. The problem was most prevalent in swine until government regulations and inspections clamped down on the industry. The last swine outbreak in Ontario happened in 1977. Until this January, the last human case of trichinosis associated with the consumption of infected domestic pork occurred in 1980. There was an outbreak in Ontario in 1993 among a couple of dozen people who’d eaten smoked wild boar meat. Nowadays, trichinosis is usually confined to meat from wild animals. . . . .

img_7978The Bruce County case happened in January this year at a Mennonite farm, said Grey Bruce medical officer of health Dr. Hazel Lynn. The farm was non-commercial and the pig was slaughtered and consumed on the farm. No part of the animal ever entered the commercial food supply. News of the case was mentioned in passing at the public health board’s monthly meeting Friday. Lynn said the child was diagnosed by an “astute” pediatrician in London, although the child recovered without treatment. Lynn said when the farmer acquired the piglet, it was free of trichinella. “So it happened between being a tiny piglet and growing up to be slaughtered,” she said. “However their animal husbandry on the farm was pretty old style, so anything left over got fed to the pigs. Now if you cook it all, it’s OK. But also there were rats around, which many barns have, whether or not they’re well looked after, and that’s probably where this pig got it.” It’s believed the child consumed infected smoked ham or sausage from the infected pig. Smoking the meat does not heat it to a high enough temperature to kill the larvae. The CFIA recommends cooking all wild game meat, pork and horse meat to an internal temperature of at least 71 degrees C. – For complete article see http://www.owensoundsuntimes.com/2013/07/26/rare-trichinosis-happened-on-bruce-county-farm

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

Clinch County_GAGeorgia 07/29/13 Clinch County: A 70-year-old county resident has tested positive for EEE. This is the first human case of EEE in the state, and the third in the country so far this year. Five to ten human cases are reported nationally each year. – See http://www.walb.com/story/22956635/human-eee-reported-in-clinch-co

West Nile Virus (WNV):

San_Luis_Obispo_County.CACalifornia 07/26/13 San Luis Obispo County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes collected at Pismo State Beach this month have tested positive for WNV. -  See http://www.ksby.com/news/west-nile-virus-detected-in-mosquitoes-found-in-pismo-beach/

LAcountyVectorControl.CACalifornia 07/27/13 Greater Los Angeles County Vector Control District: GLACVCD has confirmed more WNV positive test results in 25 mosquito samples and three dead birds collected throughout its jurisdiction. This is the first sign of virus activity this year in Burbank, Elysian Valley, Encino, Granada Hills, North Hills, Santa Clarita and Watts. Please refer to chart for a breakdown of the latest WNV activity. – For article and chart see http://hometownstation.com/santa-clarita-news/west-nile-virus-has-been-found-mosquito-scv-36585

Glenn_County.CACalifornia 07/27/13 Glenn County: An elderly county resident has been identified as the state’s sixth human case of WNV so far this year. Five others were infected across Los Angeles County. – See http://www.nbclosangeles.com/news/local/Additional-West-Nile-Virus-Case-California-217138161.html

Larimer_County.COColorado 07/27/13 Larimer County: Health officials have confirmed that Larimer County now leads the state in the number of mosquitoes testing positive for WNV, and at least one human case of the virus has been reported in the county. Fort Collins officials are warning residents that the southeast part of the city is showing more prevalence of the mosquitoes that carry the virus. Boulder and Mesa counties are also showing a higher prevalence of the infected mosquitoes. – See http://www.coloradoan.com/article/20130727/NEWS01/307270016/West-Nile-virus-spreads-Larimer-County-where-53-mosquito-groups-tested-positive

Payette-County_IDIdaho 07/27/13 Payette County: Health officials have announced that the county’s first human case of WNV is a male in his 40s who is now hospitalized. – See http://www.idahopress.com/members/west-nile-virus-found-in-horses-humans/article_20aabe40-f66a-11e2-b215-0019bb2963f4.html

ILLINOIS_DPHIllinois 07/29/13 DuPage and Will counties: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped at Seager and Springhill parks in Naperville have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.positivelynaperville.com/2013/07/29/area-mosquito-traps-initially-test-positive-for-west-nile-virus/25027

madisoncounty_ILIllinois 07/27/13 Madison County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in Mitchell, Bethalto, Edwardsville, Glen Carbon and Meadowbrook have tested positive for WNV. – See http://altondailynews.com/news/details.cfm?clientid=17&id=86859#.UfWMJ23DK5d

Kane cty ILIllinois 07/26/13 Kane County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in Aurora and in Algonquin have tested positive for WNV. – See http://stcharles-il.patch.com/groups/summer/p/west-nile-virus-threat-grows-in-kane-county

IN-DH-B-W-LogoIndiana 07/26/13 Indiana DOH: State health officials have confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in Kosciusko and Starke counties have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.wsbt.com/news/wsbt-west-nile-virus-found-in-n-ind-20130726,0,5321104.story

plymouth cty MAMassachusetts 07/28/13 Plymouth County: Public health officials confirmed Friday  that mosquitoes trapped in Rockland have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2013/07/27/west-nile-virus-detected-mosquito/VyE0GEAaEcmiQlsn5sBMVP/story.html

Erie_County.NYNew York 07/26/13 Erie County: Mosquitoes collected in Amherst on July 17th and 18th have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.buffalonews.com/city-region/mosquitoes-infected-with-west-nile-virus-found-in-amherst-20130726

lehigh cty PAPennsylvania 07/26/13 Lehigh County: State officials have reported that mosquitoes trapped in Lower Macungie Township, Allentown, and Bethlehem have tested positive for WNV. – See https://www.google.com/search?q=bethlehem+pa&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-a

Rabies:

cat-child-300x225Florida 07/26/13 Pasco County: A Rabies Alert has been issued for the northwest portion of the county after a cat tested positive for the virus. – For area boundaries of the alert see http://www.baynews9.com/content/news/baynews9/news/article.html/content/news/articles/bn9/2013/7/26/rabies_alert_issued_.html

fox1cNorth Carolina 07/26/13 Wake County: A fox that came in contact with a resident of the 1000 block of Valleystone Drive in Cary on Thursday has tested positive for rabies. A Rabies Alert has been issued for those living in the vicinity of the High House Road and Davis Drive intersection. – For map of the area see http://abclocal.go.com/wtvd/story?section=news/local&id=9186608

Follow-Up Report:

(See – Officials fear a “large number” of people in TIVERTON, RHODE ISLAND, may have been exposed to RABIES – posted July 27, 2013)

question-markRhode Island 07/27/13 providencejournal.com: by Felice J. Freyer: Laboratory tests have ruled out rabies as the cause of a brown calf’s death on Friday, the second of two calves that died near a Tiverton ice cream shop. But it still isn’t known what killed the brown calf. And the Health Department’s advice remains the same for people who came in contact with the black-and-white calf that died July 21 in the same pasture, next to Gray’s Ice Cream shop. People who came in contact with that calf, known as Oreo, between July 5 and July 21 should call the Health Department at (401) 222-2577 to find out if they should receive rabies shots. Oreo died six days after biting a child, but word of its death did not reach authorities in time to test the calf for rabies. Rabies remains a possibility for Oreo. Oreo was removed from direct public contact on July 16, and only the animal’s handlers may have been exposed from July 16 through July 21. There is no risk of rabies for those who came in contact with the calf before July 5. – For complete article see http://www.providencejournal.com/breaking-news/content/20130727-r.i.-health-department-rules-out-rabies-in-death-of-second-tiverton-calf.ece

RABIES reports from Cox3, IL, MD, NJx2, NY, NCx3, SC, WA & WV ~ CANADA: SASKATCHEWAN woman second in province to die this year of HANTAVIRUS ~ What is CHRONIC LYME DISEASE? ~ WNV reports from GA, IN, NY & WI ~ TRAVEL WARNINGS for CENTRAL AMERICA, CHILE, & VENEZUELA.

rabies2

Colorado 07/06/13 Pueblo County: A bat that bit a man in the City of Pueblo has tested positive for rabies. This is the second rabid bat found in the county so far this year. – See http://www.chieftain.com/life/health/1402019-120/animal-wild-pueblo-contact

cow15dfColorado 07/09/13 Weld County: A bull kept in the county that was observed exhibiting markedly unusual behavior has died of rabies. Last month two horses that died also tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.fowlertribune.com/article/20130709/NEWS/130709935/1001/NEWS#axzz2Yc0tDjnB

2004-158cdc.gov2Colorado 07/06/13 Larimer County: A pet kitten living on rural property north of Fort Collins that bit eight people including five children and a veterinarian has tested positive for rabies. The kitten was being tested for neurological issues when it bit the vet and was submitted for testing. Six other cats on the property were also euthanized. – See http://www.coloradoan.com/article/20130706/NEWS01/307060018/Kitten-rabies-bites-8-first-feline-case-Larimer-County-health-department?nclick_check=1

ff5Illinois 07/09/13 Will County: A bat trapped near the front door of a residence on Dan Island Drive in Plainfield has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wjol.com/common/more.php?m=15&r=3&item_id=23061

Maryland 07/08/13 Worcester County: Health officials have issued a Rabies Alert after receiving reports of aggressive 10975940 - Copyraccoons attacking people and pets in Ocean City. So far this year, 18 animals in the county have tested positive for rabies, and there have been 15 reports of other animals suspected of having rabies and being in contract with people or pets. – See http://www.sfgate.com/news/science/article/18-rabid-animals-reported-in-Worcester-County-4652860.php

New Jersey 07/09/13 Burlington County: A raccoon observed staggering on Uhler Avenue in the Mehleville section of Burlington City on June 29th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.phillyburbs.com/my_town/burlington/rabid-raccoon-captured-in-burlington-city/article_bec48e95-0f96-5a00-ad7b-aa5fcaa66834.html

brown-bat-house-ceiling-590jn101810New Jersey 07/05/13 Salem County: Last dog1weekend, a bat captured by a vaccinated dog in Carneys Point tested positive for rabies. Also last weekend, a woman and her grandson were scratched by a stray cat that was not caught. Both individuals were advised to seek immediate medical advice. – See http://www.nj.com/salem/index.ssf/2013/07/rabid_bat_in_carneys_point_cat_in_alloway_mark_latest_rabies_cases_in_salem_county.html

KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERANew York 07/06/13 Westchester County: A multi-colored, feral cat that was picked up on July 2nd by a resident near James Street in Ossining has tested positive for rabies. Officials have issued a county-wide Rabies Alert. Anyone who may have been exposed to this cat should seek immediate medical advice – See http://www.midhudsonnews.com/News/2013/July/06/rabid_cat_Oss-06Jul13.html

1433850718_c3e303fca7North Carolina 07/09/13 Robeson County: An unvaccinated adult dog and five puppies have been euthanized after being attacked and bitten by a raccoon that tested positive for rabies. The incident took place last Friday on N.C. 41 North near Edge Equipment Company in Lumberton. – See http://www.robesonian.com/view/full_story/23081242/article-Dogs-euthanized-after-attack-by-rabid-raccoon?instance=popular

batwarningNorth Carolina 07/09/13 Cumberland County: A dead bat found at Melvin Place, an apartment complex off Rosehill Road in Fayetteville, on Monday has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.fayobserver.com/articles/2013/07/09/1268616?sac=fo.local

RaccoonDEC_NY.govNorth Carolina 07/08/13 Durham County: A raccoon reported by a resident who said it appeared ill and was stumbling about in the 1200 block of Eva Street in the City of Durham has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.heraldsun.com/news/x177810131/Another-raccoon-tests-positive-for-rabies

GA_Gray_Fox_6869South Carolina 07/06/13 York County: A fox that bit a woman last week while she was jogging on Silver Lane in the Silver Lakes neighborhood near Newport has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.lakewyliepilot.com/2013/07/03/1966629/dhec-fox-with-rabies-infected.html

batPosterWashington 07/05/13 Kittitas County: Health officials have confirmed that a bat found in the county has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.kimatv.com/news/local/Bat-tested-positive-for-rabies-in-Kittitas-County-214390311.html

Raccoon_NPS51248West Virginia 07/08/13 Hampshire County: A 6-year-old boy is being treated for potential exposure to rabies after what was “most likely” a raccoon entered the tent where he was playing in his yard and wrapped its paws around his leg. The boy, who was not bitten, kicked the animal off and ran into the house. The animal was not captured. – See http://times-news.com/local/x881893431/Boy-6-attacked-by-raccoon-in-W-Va

Hantavirus:

Canada:

imagesCAULAVUQSaskatchewan 07/09/13 Heartland Health Region: A woman from the west-central part of the province is the second person to die of Hantavirus in the region this year. Dr. David Torr, medical health officer for the region, said there is evidence they were both sorting out enclosures that had evidence of mice. The cases occurred in Kindersley and Rosetown, which are in the same health region, but officials don’t believe they are related. – See http://www.thestarphoenix.com/news/Hantavirus+kills+second+person+province/8633672/story.html

Lyme Disease:

lyme_disease_hidden_epidemic_poster-p228833588305763989t5wm_400Global 07/08/13 nytimes.com: by Jane E. Brody – Chronic Lyme disease is a highly controversial catch-all term for a host of long-lasting symptoms that may or may not stem from prior infection with the bacterium that causes acute Lyme disease. Often misdiagnosed and mistreated, chronic Lyme disease leaves thousands of people physically and mentally debilitated and without a medically established recourse. – See complete article on “post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome, or PTLDS” at http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/07/08/when-lyme-disease-lasts-and-lasts/?emc=tnt&tntemail0=y

West Nile Virus (WNV):

brantleycounty_GAGeorgia 07/08/13 Brantley County: Health officials have confirmed the state’s first human case of WNV so far this year. An adult patient was infected in May and recovered without hospitalization. – See http://www.wctv.tv/news/headlines/First-Human-Case-Of-West-Nile-Virus-Confirmed-In-Georgia-214672531.html

Allen cty INIndiana 07/09/13 Allen County: A sample of mosquitoes trapped in the 500 block of Elmer Avenue off North Wells Street near Franke Park in Fort Wayne has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.news-sentinel.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20130709/NEWS/130709654

five_boroughs_brooklyn1New York 07/08/13 Queens and Staten Island counties: Mosquitoes captured in Flushing and Staten Island have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.nydailynews.com/new-york/queens/west-nile-detected-si-queens-article-1.1393355

west-nile-banner357Wisconsin 07/09/13 Dodge and Jefferson counties: Health officials have confirmed that a dead crow found in Watertown has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.wdtimes.com/news/article_7639abde-e8b7-11e2-8751-0019bb2963f4.html

Travel Warnings:

hotspotCentral America 07/04/13 thesundaily.my/news: Authorities have issued dengue alerts in four nations across Central America, where alarm is rising as the mosquito-borne disease has infected 30,000 people and killed 17 this year alone. Honduras, cmap1Costa Rica, Nicaragua and El Salvador have issued formal alerts. In Guatemala and Panama, officials say they are monitoring the disease, which normally spreads more easily later in the rainy season. “It is great that they are coming around to fumigate; mosquitoes seem like no big deal but they really can kill you,” said Mauricio Gonzalez, a mechanic in the Nueva Esperanza district south of Tegucigalpa. So far this year, Honduras has had 10 deaths, 8,380 cases of ordinary dengue and 1,219 cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever. – For complete article see http://www.thesundaily.my/news/760533

H1N1Chile 07/06/13 mercopress.com: Eleven people have died from the H1N1 influenza virus in northern Chile in an outbreak that the health minister raised the possibility of decreeing a health alert to restrict people’s mobility. Northern Chile has registered a notably higher rate Chileof infection than the rest of the country, with 146 cases of the virus per 100,000 inhabitants reported versus the average of 24 cases per 100,000, according to an official report. Concerns are mounting that the Fiesta de la Tirana, a religious celebration scheduled for July 16 in the northern Tarapaca region, could further spread the virus as about 200,000 people are expected to converge.

bWF4Vz00MDA=_x_htpIn related news a total of 1,538 cases of infection with H1N1 influenza virus were reported across Venezuela by the end of June, the Ministry of Health said. The latest number marked an increase of 430 cases from the last official report, issued on June 12. The cases mainly concentrated in Venezuela’s coastal and western states and districts, with Merida state leading with 867 cases and followed by Tachira state, Caracas, Zulia state and Lara state.

Scientists scramble to solve NOVEL CORONAVIRUS mystery ~ NEBRASKA and NEW MEXICO issue TULAREMIA ALERTS ~ EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS reports from AL, FL, GA, & SC ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from CAx2, IL, IN, MA, NEx2, TXx3, & WI ~ RABIES reports from AL, KS, MT, RI, & TX.

This is not Earth revolving around the sun. It's a transmission electron micrograph of a novel coronavirus associated with MERS. Courtesy of NIAID, National Institutes of Health.

This is not a bright yellow sun shining on a red planet.. It’s a transmission electron micrograph of a novel coronavirus associated with MERS. Courtesy of NIAID, National Institutes of Health.

Global 07/01/13 nytimes.com: by Denise Grady – As the scientists peered into the darkness, their headlamps revealed an eerie sight. Hundreds of eyes glinted back at them from the walls and ceiling. They had discovered, in a crumbling, long-abandoned village half-buried in sand near a remote town in southwestern Saudi Arabia, a roosting spot for bats. It was an ideal place to set up traps. The search for bats is part of an investigation into a deadly new viral disease that has drawn scientists from around the world to Saudi Arabia. The virus, first detected there last year, is known to have infected at least 77 people, killing 40 of them, in eight countries. The illness, called MERS, for Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome, is caused by a coronavirus, a relative of the virus that caused SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), which originated in China and caused an international outbreak in 2003 that infected at least 8,000 people and killed nearly 800.

Bats_NPSAs the case count climbs, critical questions about MERS remain unanswered. Scientists do not know where it came from, where the virus exists in nature, why it has appeared now, how people are being exposed to it, or whether it is becoming more contagious and could erupt into a much larger outbreak, as SARS did. The disease almost certainly originated with one or more people contracting the virus from animals — probably bats — but scientists do not know how many times that kind of spillover to humans has occurred, or how likely it is to keep happening. There is urgency to the hunt for answers. Half the known cases have been fatal, though the real death rate is probably lower, because there almost certainly have been mild cases that have gone undetected. But the virus still worries health experts, because it can cause such severe disease and has shown an alarming ability to spread among patients in a hospital. It causes flulike symptoms that can progress to severe pneumonia. The disease is a chilling example of what health experts call emerging infections, caused by viruses or other organisms that suddenly find their way into humans. Many of those diseases are “zoonotic,” meaning they are normally harbored by animals but somehow manage to jump species. “As the population continues to grow, we’re bumping up against wildlife, and they happen to carry some nasty viruses we’ve never seen before,” said Peter Daszak, a disease ecologist and the president of EcoHealth Alliance, a scientific group that studies links between human health, the health of wild and domestic animals, and the environment.

MERS_CoV_mapSaudi Arabia has had the most patients so far (62), but cases have also originated in Jordan, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. Travelers from the Arabian peninsula have taken the disease to Britain, France, Italy and Tunisia, and have infected a few people in those countries. Health experts are also worried about the Hajj, the Muslim pilgrimage that will draw millions of visitors to Saudi Arabia in October. MERS has not reached the United States, but health officials have told doctors to be on the lookout for patients who get sick soon after visiting the Middle East. So far, more than 40 people in 20 states have been tested, all with negative results, according to Dr. Anne Schuchat, the director of the National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

cdc_logoThe illness can be spread by coughs and sneezes, or contaminated surfaces, and people with chronic diseases seem especially vulnerable. More men than women have fallen ill, possibly because women have been protected by their veils. A cluster of cases that began in a Saudi hospital in April ultimately involved 23 people, including several family members and health workers. One man infected seven people, each of whom spread the disease to at least one other person. Regardless of where they emerge, new illnesses are just “a plane ride away,” said Dr. Thomas Frieden, the director of the C.D.C. And while MERS is not highly contagious like the flu, he said, “the likelihood of spread is not small.” – For complete article with extensive information about vulnerability and transmission see http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/02/health/experts-scramble-to-trace-the-emergence-of-mers.html?pagewanted=2&tntemail0=y&_r=0&emc=tnt

Tularemia:

Nebraska 06/28/13 Lincoln County: Two more cases of tularemia have been identified in the Lincoln County area. One of these is a 9-year-old boy. – See http://www.knopnews2.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&zoonosis_Tularemiaid=8164:two-cases-of-tularemia-in-area&Itemid=105

New Mexico 06/27/13 health.state.nm.us: News Release – The Department of Health announced today that tularemia cases are on the increase in several locations around the state. Since the middle of April there have been 4 cases in people and 6 cases in dogs and cats. The human cases include a 45-year-old man from Santa Fe County, an 88-year-old woman from McKinley County, a 62-year-old woman from Santa Fe County and a 75-year-old woman from San Juan County. Three of the human cases were hospitalized and all have recovered and gone home. Onset of illness in the most recent case was June 15. The pet cases include 2 cats and one dog from Santa Fe County, a dog from Sandoval County, a dog from Los Alamos County, and a cat from Torrance County. They have all recovered. – For complete release see http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20130627-Tularemia-EN.pdf

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE):

Mobile Cty ALAlabama 06/28/13 Mobile County: Health officials have confirmed that a sentinel chicken placed in the county has tested positive for EEE. No further information about location was provided. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/ce1a7c27e23b4190b11b245d044828f1/AL–Mosquitoes-Disease

Hernando cty FLFlorida 06/28/13 Hernando County: A sentinel chicken that is part of a flock located near State Road 50 and Ridge Manor Boulevard, near the landfill, in Spring Hill has tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.baynews9.com/content/news/baynews9/news/article.html/content/news/articles/bn9/2013/6/28/chicken_tests_positi.html

Brooks_County.GAGeorgia 06/28/13 Brooks County: The state Department of Agriculture has confirmed that another horse stabled in the county has tested positive for EEE. This is the second EEE-infected horse found in the county and the fourth case of EEE in an animal in the South Health District so far this year. – See http://www.wctv.tv/news/headlines/Horse-Tests-Positive-For-EEE-In-Brooks-County-213521901.html

Sumter_County.SCSouth Carolina 06/29/13 Sumter County: A foal stabled in the county that recently died has tested positive for EEE. Two adult horses that died at the same farm around the same time are suspected of also having EEE. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/8b2f85cdbf234c5eaaedf72f81a563ef/NC–EEE-Horse-Death

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Placer-County_CACalifornia 06/29/13 Placer County: Health officials have confirmed that mosquito samples taken from traps in Roseville and Sheridan have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.rocklintoday.com/news/templates/community_news.asp?articleid=11795&zoneid=4

Los Angeles Cty CACalifornia 06/28/13 Los Angeles County: Two dead American crows found at El Dorado Park in Long Beach have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.lbpost.com/news/2000002516-west-nile-virus-found-in-el-dorado-park-birds#.Uc5NOZymVFt

 

Cook cty ILIllinois 06/28/13 Cook County: Public health officials have found WNV in a batch of mosquitoes trapped in Chicago for the first time this year. – See http://abclocal.go.com/wls/story?section=news/local&id=9156241

Adams_County.LNIndiana 06/27/13 Adams County: The first signs of WNV in the county were found Friday in mosquitoes trapped in the county that tested positive for the virus. – See http://vaccinenewsdaily.com/medical_countermeasures/325773-indiana-detects-first-west-nile-virus-activity-of-2013/

plymouth cty MAMassachusetts 06/28/13 Plymouth County: Public health officials announced today that a mosquito collected on June 25th in Whitman has tested positive for WNV. – See http://www1.whdh.com/news/articles/local/boston/10011015074128/mosquito-tests-positive-for-west-nile-virus/

NebraskaPanhandleNebraska 07/01/13 Panhandle: Mosquito samples from the state’s Panhandle region have tested positive for WNV. – See http://www.chadrad.com/newsstory.cfm?story=30038

Lincoln-County_NENebraska 06/29/13 Lincoln County: One human case of WNV has been confirmed in the county, and the virus has also been detected in mosquitoes trapped in the county this year. – See http://www.omaha.com/article/20130629/LIVEWELL01/706299910/1161

Erath_County_TXTexas 07/01/13 Erath County: Health officials have confirmed a human case of WNV in Dublin. – See http://www.yourstephenvilletx.com/news/local/article_5f9ba464-e27b-11e2-94de-001a4bcf887a.html

harris cty TXTexas 06/28/13 Harris County: A new sample of mosquitoes trapped in the 77520 zip code area of Baytown has tested positive for WNV. – See http://news92fm.com/363102/west-nile-virus-found-in-mosquitoes-in-baytown/

tarrant cty TXTexas 06/28/13 Tarrant County: The city of Grapevine has finished spraying in the vicinity of the Police Department at 300 W. Dallas Road where a mosquito was trapped on Thursday that later tested positive for WNV. – See http://impactnews.com/grapevine-to-retest-after-spraying/

Washington_County.WIWisconsin 06/28/13 Washington County: A dead crow found in the county is the first bird in the state to test positive for WNV this year. – See http://www.haywardwi.com/news/article_14cc6ac0-de77-11e2-8f10-0019bb2963f4.html?mode=story

Rabies:

raccoon_lgAlabama 07/01/13 Chilton County: A raccoon found last week near U.S. Highway 31 and County Road 29 has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.clantonadvertiser.com/2013/07/01/second-rabies-case-found-in-chilton-county/

KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERAKansas 07/01/13 McPherson County: On Monday, a cow kept in the county tested positive for rabies. This is the second case of rabies in the county and the 37th case statewide so far this year including 27 skunks, four bovines, two dogs, two cats, one fox and one bat. – See http://www.mcphersonsentinel.com/article/20130701/NEWS/130709977/1001/NEWS#axzz2XrJqSRm0

dog_skunk_338171703Montana 07/01/13 Yellowstone County: The Billings Police Department has announced the county is under a 60-Day Rabies Quarantine after a domestic dog at the Windsor Trailer Court in the Heights showed non-aggressive symptoms of rabies. Chief Rich St. John said the dog came in contact with a skunk. Further investigation revealed as many has 13 people were exposed to the virus, as well as other people and loose pets.- See http://www.kulr8.com/story/22737723/yellowstone-co-under-rabies-quarantine

help-mdRhode Island 07/01/13 Providence County: A 12-year-old boy was attacked by a dog during baseball practice Monday at the Gano Street ball fields in the City of Providence. The dog, described as a “brown, possible pit bull mix” bit his leg and arm. The dog’s owner, who left the scene before being identified, was described as “a white man in his 20s or 30s with collar length hair”. If authorities cannot determine whether the dog has been vaccinated for the virus, the boy is likely to need rabies prevention shots, which can be quite painful. – See http://www.turnto10.com/story/22734686/boy-attacked-by-dog-at-baseball-practice

IMG_1947Texas 07/01/13 Hays County: Health officials issued a Rabies Alert after a bat that tested positive for the virus was found in the filtration system at Coves of Cimmaron Community Pool, just ouside of Buda.  – See http://www.woai.com/content/news/newslinks/story/Rabies-alert-issued-in-Hays-County/Lao9Mb65kUSTEoOAfrJNDg.cspx

Another interior ALASKA WOLF tests positive for RABIES ~ More RABIES reports from AL, CA, FL, & WV.

Gray wolf. Courtesy National Park Service.

Gray wolf. Courtesy National Park Service.

Alaska 05/02/13 alaskadispatch.com: by Jerzy Shedlock – A second wolf has tested positive for rabies in Interior Alaska. The news comes just a week after the Alaska Department of Fish and Game announced another wolf shot in the same region tested positive for the viral disease. It was the first animal to test positive for the virus so far inland. A trapper shot the wolf in mid-March near the Chandalar Lake area — roughly 180 miles north of Fairbanks, near the Brooks Range — after spotting the animal caught in a trap. The trapper described the wolf’s behavior as dull and unaware, according to the Alaska Department of Fish and Game.A state virology lab in Fairbanks confirmed on Wednesday that the wolf was infected with rabies. The trapper who shot the wolf wasn’t directly exposed to the disease but his dogs were. The dogs ate the wolf’s raw carcass while camping on a trap line. Now, the dogs are home and believed to be on rabies vaccinations. As directed by State Veterinarian Dr. Robert Gerlach, the dogs will receive booster shots and be placed under quarantine.

wolf456Kimberlee Beckmen, a wildlife veterinarian for Fish and Game, said feeding the raw meat of wild animals to pets is dangerous. “Pets can not only become infected,” she said in Thursday press release, “they can transmit the diseases and parasites to their owners,” with rabies among the most serious. In late March, a trapper shot an abnormally acting wolf near Chandalar Lake. The wolf tested positive for rabies and the people who had cut their hands during the skinning process were treated for rabies exposure. A number of rabies cases have been diagnosed along the northern and western coasts of Alaska this winter, and more cases are expected to be found among arctic and red fox populations. These animals pose exposure risks to people but an even greater risk to dogs in Alaska Bush villages, according to the press release. “People in that area should be on high alert,” Gerlach told the Dispatch. – For complete article see http://www.alaskadispatch.com/article/20130502/second-interior-alaska-wolf-tests-positive-rabies

Rabies:

1426663Alabama 05/02/13 Shelby County: A puppy that was the pet of a family living in the vicinity of the Beeswax Creek boat launch near Columbiana has tested positive for the raccoon strain of rabies. – See http://www.cbs42.com/2013/05/02/fourth-rabies-case-confirmed-in-shelby-county/

Help2164California 05/02/13 San Bernadino County: Health officials are trying to find a man who may have been exposed to a rabid bat deep in the Mojave Desert. “The bat landed on the man’s neck outside the book store at Kelso Depot (in the) Mojave National Preserve on Tuesday, April 30,” San Bernardino County health officials said in a written statement. “The bat tested positive for rabies.” Officials want the man to contact the Communicable Disease Section of the county’s Department of Public Health at 800-722-4794 or 909-356-3805. – See http://www.pe.com/local-news/san-bernardino-county/20130502-mojave-desert-rabid-bat-prompts-search-for-endangered-man.ece

Florida 05/02/13 Palm Beach County: A raccoon found by a vaccinated dog in Jupiter Farms last Saturday has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.palmbeachpost.com/news/news/raccoon-tests-positive-for-rabies-raccoon_lgin-jupiter-farms/nXfK8/

West Virginia 05/02/13 Mineral County: A raccoon recently captured in the Piedmont area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://times-news.com/local/x730867629/News-Briefs-05-03-2013

TRAVEL WARNINGS: CDC warns of deadly Novel (New) CORONAVIRUS in the ARABIAN PENINSULA and UNITED KINGDOM ~ RABIES VACCINE still in short supply ~ RABIES reports from GA, MO, OH, TXx2, & WV.

Bat colony. Courtesy National Park Service.

Bat colony. Courtesy National Park Service.

Travel Warnings:

Middle East

Middle East

Global 03/08/13 cdc.gov: News Release – From April 2012 to February 2013, a total of 14 people in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Jordan, and the United Kingdom (UK) were confirmed to have respiratory illness caused by a novel (new) coronavirus; 13 cases were severe and one case was mild. Eight of these 14 people died. In the UK, an infected man likely spread the virus to two family members. He had recently traveled to Pakistan and Saudi Arabia and got sick before returning to the UK. This cluster of cases provides the first evidence of person-to-person transmission. The UK’s Health Protection Agency is continuing to investigate this. Also, clusters of cases in Saudi Arabia and Jordan are being investigated.

cdc_logoCDC does not recommend that anyone change their travel plans because of these cases of the novel coronavirus. CDC recommends that US travelers to countries in or near the Arabian Peninsula monitor their health and see a doctor right away if they develop fever and symptoms of lower respiratory illness, such as cough or shortness of breath. They should tell the doctor about their recent travel. Coronaviruses are a cause of the common cold. A coronavirus also was the cause of the severe respiratory illness called SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome). SARS caused a global epidemic in 2003, but there have not been any known cases of SARS since 2004. This novel coronavirus is not the same coronavirus that caused SARS. – For further information see   http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/in-the-news/coronavirus-arabian-peninsula-uk.htm

CDC Coronavirus Investigation:

Author’s Note: According to CDC, the reservoir and route of transmission of 95673687hnvwVS_phthe novel coronavirus are still being investigated. Genetic sequencing to date has determined the virus is most closely related to coronaviruses detected in bats. CDC is continuing to collaborate with WHO and affected countries to better characterize the epidemiology of novel coronavirus infection in humans. – For further information see http://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/ncv/case-def.html

Mountain Lion Sightings:

s_mountain-lion-0002California 03/08/13 Los Angeles County: Two separate incidents involving a mountain lion, perhaps the same one, were reported in Sierra Madre. Two pets, a cat and a dog, were killed. On Tuesday of this week the lion was spotted in the vicinity of Santa Anita and Oakwood avenues, then Foothill Avenue and Camillo Road, and finally in the 500 block of Los Rocas Drive where a resident saw a house cat in its mouth. On Thursday evening a lion killed a small dog in the backyard of a home on Vista Circle Drive. Residents have been urged to keep a close eye on small children and pets. – See http://sierramadre.patch.com/articles/mountain-lion-kills-small-dog-reportedly-attacks-other-animals

Rabies:

IMOVAXNational 03/07/13 cdc.gov: Rabies vaccine supplies remain restricted in the United States. Rabies vaccine produced by Sanofi Pasteur (IMOVAX), is currently available for post-exposure prophylaxis only. Vaccine produced by Novartis (RabAvert), imagesCAPUQ0PZcontinues to be available for pre- and post-exposure prophylaxis. CDC continues to work with partners to monitor the status of the rabies vaccine supply. This status is not expected to change moving into spring, however, additional updates will be released as available.

Author’s Note: On February 20, 2013, the CDC reported that Sanofi Pasteur’s rabies vaccine shortage is due to “increased demand and manufacturing delay.”

5704860-portrait-of-gray-fox-barkingGeorgia 03/08/13 Richmond County: Health officials have confirmed a fox that attacked a man on February 27th in the vicinity of Mike Padgett Highway and Goshen Industrial Boulevard in Augusta has tested positive for rabies. When it later tried to attack a second person, it was put down. – See http://www2.wjbf.com/news/2013/mar/08/rabid-fox-attacks-man-south-augusta-ar-5759477/

Horse%20MouthMissouri 03/05/13 Wayne County: A horse stabled in the vicinity of Williamsville that began to deteriorate and became aggressive before dying has tested positive for rabies. This is the fourth confirmed case of animal rabies in the state this year (including three skunks in Douglas, Howell, and Ste. Genevieve counties) prompting officials to issue a Rabies Alert. – See http://www.semissourian.com/story/1946780.html

bat-in-sink-2Ohio 03/08/13 Medina County: A bat found alive Wednesday in the kitchen sink of an East Liberty Street home in the City of Medina has tested positive for rabies. – See http://medinagazette.northcoastnow.com/2013/03/08/health-department-bat-found-in-medina-home-tests-positive-for-rabies/

Texas 03/08/13 Somervell County: For the second time in two weeks a skunk found in the Rainbow area has tested positive for rabies. – See surfeit of skunkshttp://www.yourglenrosetx.com/news/community/article_1974c465-672f-5885-a24d-b71cf51b1e52.html

Texas 03/07/13 Coryell County: Two skunks shot in separate incidents in Gatesville have tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.kwtx.com/ourtown/home/headlines/Gatesville-Two-Skunks-Test-Positive-For-Rabies–195689141.html

RaccoonDEC_NY.govWest Virginia 03/08/13 Mercer County: A raccoon picked up on Princeton Avenue in Bluefield has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wvnstv.com/story/21557507/first-rabies-case-of-2013-confirmed-in-mercer-county

CALIFORNIA game warden kills MOUNTAIN LION stalking him ~ MOUNTAIN LION attacks on PETS increasing in central COLORADO ~ Scientists say new virus called NOVEL CORONAVIRUS known to have infected 12 people killing 5 ~ RABIES reports from MA, NC, & TX.

Stalking mountain lion. Photo by County of Santa Barbara, California.

Stalking mountain lion. Photo by County of Santa Barbara, California.

California 02/19/13 sacbee.com: by Ed Fletcher – A popular Placer County hiking trail has reopened after authorities say a state Fish and Wildlife warden was forced to shoot and kill a mountain lion Sunday. Authorities were first alerted to an aggressive mountain lion early Saturday evening, when a hiker on the Stevens Trail near Colfax, fearing for his safety, called 911. “He noticed he was being followed by a mountain lion,” said Mark Michilizzi, a spokesman Puma_CountyOfSantaBarbara_Californiafor the California Department of Fish and Wildlife. “The behavior was consistent with a mountain lion that is stalking prey.” Fish and Wildlife wardens, Placer County Sheriff’s deputies and a California Highway Patrol helicopter responded to the call and apparently scared off the mountain lion, Michilizzi said.

Sunday morning, a warden returned to the area to post signs and warn hikers of the threat of an aggressive mountain lion when he noticed a mountain lion, apparently the same one, preparing to pounce on him, Michilizzi said. While it is illegal to hunt mountain lions in California, at this point the animal wasn’t just a risk to public safety — it was a risk to the warden, who shot and killed the cat. “The officer acted appropriately,” Michilizzi said. “The mountain lion wasn’t cornered. The mountain lion was actively approaching him.” Michilizzi said a 0208cattalesmNYDEnConser.govnecropsy will be preformed to help officials learn more about the health of the animal and what might have triggered the behavior. “Deer are the primary prey for mountain lion,” Michilizzi. “When they start looking to humans, we want to know why.” He said hikers should not call 911 upon spotting of a mountain lion but this instance was different. “Mountain lion attacks are rare. This type of behavior is rare,” Michilizzi said. He advised anyone who spots a mountain lion not to run. He said to turn and face the lion while making oneself as big as possible and to throw rocks, stick or leaves.

pouncing-cougarColorado 02/17/13 Jefferson County: The number of mountain lion attacks on pets in the Brook Forest area is increasing according to a resident who, armed with only a flashlight, rescued her dog from an attack in her yard on Feb. 7. – See http://www.canyoncourier.com/content/mountain-lion-attacks-pets-increasing-area

Novel Coronavirus:

who-logoGlobal 02/19/13 dawn.com: A new virus that emerged in the Middle East last year and has killed five people is well adapted to infecting humans but could potentially be treated with drugs that boost the immune system, scientists said on Tuesday. The virus, called novel coronavirus or NCoV, is from the same family as the common cold and as SARS, or Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. There have been 12 confirmed cases worldwide – including in Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Britain – and five patients have died. In one of the first published studies about NCoV, which was unknown in humans until it was identified in September 2012, researchers said it could penetrate the lining of passageways in the lungs and evade the immune system as easily as a cold virus can. This shows it “grows very efficiently” in human cells and suggests it is well-equipped for infecting humans, said Volker Thiel of the Institute of Immunobiology at Kantonal Hospital in Switzerland, who led the study.

Dr. Volker Thiel

Dr. Volker Thiel

NCoV was identified when the World Health Organisation issued an international alert in September saying a completely new virus had infected a Qatari man in Britain who had recently been in Saudi Arabia. Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that includes those that cause the common cold as well as the one that caused SARS – which emerged in China in 2002 and killed about a 10th of the 8,000 people it infected worldwide. Symptoms of both NCoV and SARS include severe respiratory illness, fever, coughing and breathing difficulties. Of the 12 cases confirmed so far, four were in Britain, one was a Qatari patient in Germany, two were in Jordan and five in Saudi Arabia. – For complete article see http://dawn.com/2013/02/19/deadly-new-virus-is-well-adapted-to-infect-humans-study-finds/

Rabies:

little_brown_batMassachusetts 02/18/13 Barnstable County: A Wellfleet official has confirmed that a bat recently found in the town has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wcvb.com/news/local/boston-south/Cape-bat-tests-positive-for-rabies/-/9848842/18590226/-/format/rsss_2.0/-/102877az/-/index.html

by_Svdmolen_WC-001North Carolina 02/18/13 Guilford County: A raccoon captured on Hertford Street in Greensboro on Monday has tested positive for rabies. A dog was exposed to the virus. – See http://www.digtriad.com/news/local/article/269916/57/2nd-Case-Of-Rabies-Confirmed-In-Guilford-County

800px-Striped_Skunkby_www.birdphotos.comWC-2Texas 02/18/13 Johnson and Tarrant counties: Two skunks found inside Burleson city limits in the last two weeks have tested positive for rabies. The first, on Jan. 29th, was on Lynwood Avenue where it had been killed by dogs. The second was captured on Wilshire Boulevard/Texas 174 last week. – See http://blogs.star-telegram.com/crime_time/2013/02/two-skunks-test-positive-for-rabies-in-burleson.html

MICHIGAN DNR seeks help with Lower Peninsula WOLF survey ~ COLORADO confirms eight reports of MOUNTAIN LIONS attacking DOGS ~ RABIES reports from TX, & VA.

Gray wolf. Photo by Michigan Department of Natural Resources.

Gray wolf. Photo by Michigan Department of Natural Resources.

Michigan 02/08/13 michigan.gov/dnr: The Department of Natural Resources will conduct a wolf track survey Feb. 11 through March 8 to detect the presence of gray wolves in the northern Lower Peninsula. “Given the low probability of observing an actual wolf or its tracks in the Lower Peninsula, it’s helpful to have as many eyes looking as possible,” said DNR wildlife biologist Jennifer Kleitch. “That’s why public reports are so important.” Sightings of wolves or tracks believed to have been made by a wolf, between Feb. 11 and March 8 can be reported to the Gaylord Operations Service Center at 989-732-3541, ext. 5901. Wolf observation reports can also be submitted online at www.dnr.state.mi.us/wildlife/pubs/wolf_obsreport.asp.

9409226-smallWolves began naturally returning to Michigan’s Upper Peninsula via Canada and Wisconsin in the early 1990s. Since that time populations have increased and continue to expand their range. Evidence of range expansion into the Lower Peninsula came when a gray wolf was accidentally killed in Presque Isle County in 2004. Survey teams will respond to areas where there have been one or more observations. Priority will be placed on recent reports and those submitted during the survey period. “It’s important that observations are reported promptly so we can work with fresh evidence. If people find what they believe are wolf tracks, they should preserve the track, disturbing it as little as possible, or take a photo of the tracks with a ruler,” stated Kleitch. “If someone has a photo of a wolf in the Lower Peninsula, we’d certainly be interested in that as well.”

wolf_1-NPSThe DNR is partnering in this survey effort with USDA Wildlife Services, Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Little River Band of Ottawa Indians and Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians. Information on wolves in Michigan and links to other wolf-related Web pages can be found at www.michigan.gov/wolves. The Michigan Department of Natural Resources is committed to the conservation, protection, management, use and enjoyment of the state’s natural and cultural resources for current and future generations. For more information, go to www.michigan.gov/dnr.

Mountain Lion Attacks on Pets:

MtnLion_USArmy.milColorado 02/09/13 cbslocal.com: There has been a string of mountain lion attacks in the foothills. The attacks have all been centered around Evergreen, Kittredge and the Bailey area . . . A total of eight dogs have been attacked. “Having eight in the last two to three months is a little bit worrisome, especially for people who have small kids,” Luke McChesney with the Evergreen Animal Hospital said. From sun down to sun up, animal experts say to keep pets close . . . Colorado Parks and Wildlife says young mountain lions looking for easy prey can target small pets. Keeping pets inside or in a caged area can also keep them safe . . . They also say mountain lions are extremely unlikely to attack people — children or adults. – For complete article see http://denver.cbslocal.com/2013/02/09/mountain-lion-attacks-on-the-rise-in-the-foothills/

Rabies:

1334248032_4291c473d5Texas 02/08/13 Cameron County: by Allen Essex – The city of South Padre Island is working with the Texas Department of State Health Services to distribute vaccination bait that prevents coyotes that eat the material from contracting the canine form of rabies, city officials said in a statement. The bait was distributed Friday morning by city workers in areas of the city where coyotes normally travel, officials said. – See http://www.brownsvilleherald.com/news/local/article_c322e96c-726d-11e2-88d9-0019bb30f31a.html

thumbnailCA7RYDRPVirginia 02/09/13 Smyth County: A raccoon found in the Grubmore Road area of the county has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.tricities.com/swvatoday/news/smyth_county/article_062085dc-7249-11e2-a6bb-001a4bcf6878.html