Tag Archives: Tularemia

New LYME DISEASE research center opens in MARYLAND ~ Another COLORADAN succumbs to HANTAVIRUS ~ COLORADO officials confirm 11 cases of TULAREMIA this year ~ BEAR attacks camper at COLORADO campground ~ RABIES report from MARYLAND.

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Global 06/24/15 natureworldnews.com: A new research center focusing on the tick-borne Lyme Disease has opened in Baltimore. The Johns Hopkins Lyme Disease Clinical Research Center is the first such facility to be housed at a major US medical research center. Center founder and director John Aucott, a Johns Hopkins internist, said, ” “If you live anywhere from Maine to Virginia, it’s almost impossible for Lyme disease not to affect someone you know, someone in your family or yourself.”  The center’s first study will attempt to learn why some patients develop post-treatment Lyme Disease syndrome lasting months or years, while others do not. – For complete article see http://www.natureworldnews.com/articles/15336/20150624/lyme-disease-research-now-home-johns-hopkins.htm

HANTAVIRUS:

Deer mouse.

Deer mouse.

Colorado 06/25/15 washingtontimes.com: A south Weld County man who was working in an enclosed space in the presence of rodent droppings while repairing his home has died of Hantavirus Pulmonary syndrome. People can be infected by inhaling the virus after disturbing dust, feces or urine from mice nests or other contaminated areas. – See http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2015/jun/25/weld-county-man-dies-after-contracting-hantavirus/

TULAREMIA:

zoonosis_TularemiaColorado 06/24/15 CO Dept of Public Health – Media Release – Officials have confirmed 11 human cases of Tularemia in the state so far this year. In all of 2014, there were 16 cases reported, and the worst year was 1983 with 20 cases. People can get tularemia if they handle infected animals, such as rabbits, rodents or hares, or are bitten by ticks or deer flies. They also can be exposed by touching contaminated soil, drinking contaminated water or inhaling bacteria. – For complete release see https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#inbox/14e26e2cfe86b38b

BEAR:

bear1jf99Colorado 06/26/15 denver.cbslocal.com: A camper sleeping in his tent at the Dearhamer Campground near Ruedi Reservoir east of Basalt was bitten by a bear on June 17th. Rangers said the camper had food inside his tent and in a cooler outside the tent. Officials have restricted the campground to “hard-sided campers” only. The Forest Service has food storage containers  at the campground and bear-proof trash dumpsters just 30 to 40 yards away from the site and all campers are encouraged to use them. – See http://denver.cbslocal.com/2015/06/26/bear-attacks-camper-at-ruedi-reservoir/

RABIES:

5731289-very-cute-child-with-a-cat-in-armsMaryland 06/26/15 Charles County: A stray cat found in the vicinity of Marshall Corner Road, near McDonough High School and Rose Hill Road, in Pomfret has tested positive for rabies. The cat was a black-and-white male of less than 20 pounds. – See http://www.thebaynet.com/articles/0615/local-cat-tests-positive-for-rabies.html

GRIZZLY attacks CANADIAN hiker in surprise encounter ~ BEAR attacks CALIFORNIA woman in her yard ~ COLORADO teenager dies of PLAGUE ~ Three COLORADO men contract TULAREMIA while working in their yards ~ RABIES reports from GA, MD, PA & VA.

Grizzly by Jean-Pierre Lavoie. Wikimedia-Commons.

Grizzly by Jean-Pierre Lavoie. Wikimedia-Commons.

CANADA:

British Columbia 06/18/15 cbc.ca: by Tamsyn Burgmann – A woman who surprised a grizzly while hiking up remote mountains in British Columbia’s Interior had no time to protect herself or prevent the bear attack, a conservation officer said. The bear lunged at the woman and bit her, breaking her arm in a “chance encounter” on Friday, said Len Butler of B.C.’s Conservation Officer Service. The bear was just trying to protect itself as it happened upon the woman and her boyfriend, he added. “They hiked along a trail, they were in some of the open meadows and there was a small little pass to go up through,” said Butler. “It was so quick. They did nothing wrong.”

cariboo_mapThe incident occurred about mid-afternoon while the pair from Williams Lake, B.C., was ascending in the Big Slide Mountain Area near the community of Horsefly, in the province’s Cariboo region. It was a blustery day, meaning winds were diffusing the hikers’ scents and obstructing the crunch of their boots along the foliage, said Butler. The couple emerged upon a knoll about the same time the animal arrived from the opposite direction uphill. The bear and hikers were only about seven to nine metres apart when they spotted each other. “They kind of stared at each other for a second, then the bear bluff-charged and stopped,” Butler said. “Then the bear lunged at the female, grabbed her arm, threw her to the side and the bear then just immediately ran off into the trees.” Butler described the bear’s reaction as standard and said it took the path of least resistance to escape. He said the woman, in her mid-20s, had bear spray holstered to her hip but simply couldn’t respond fast enough. – For complete article see http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/grizzly-bear-attack-terrifies-couple-hiking-near-horsefly-b-c-1.3117983


800px-Yellowstone-171California
06/23/15 contracostatimes.com: by Steve Schoonover – A woman and her dog were injured when they were attacked by a bear Monday night outside a home near Chico, in Butte County. At about 11:30 p.m. Monday a woman who lives in Magalia heard a noise in her yard and her dog began barking. She let the dog out, heard sounds of a fight and stepped out herself. According to California Department of Fish and Wildlife Capt. Patrick Foy, she said a bear immediately came out from beneath a blue tarp, clawed her on the shoulder and bit her before running off. The woman was taken to the hospital and treated for non-life-threatening wounds and given rabies treatment. The dog, a 9-year-old golden retriever, was taken to a veterinarian, and is in tough shape, according to Foy. “Sounds like he fought hardily,” Foy said of the dog. Fish and Wildlife are deploying a trap to the area to try and capture the offending bear. Foy said it should be in place by the end of the day. – For complete article see http://www.contracostatimes.com/breaking-news/ci_28366614/woman-and-dog-injured-bear-attack-near-chico

SEPTICEMIC PLAGUE:   

plague445654534Colorado 06/20/15 coloradoan.com: by Jason Pohl – A 16-year-old Poudre High School student who suddenly became ill this month died from a rare strain of plague. He is believed to have been the first Larimer County resident to have contracted the deadly disease since 1999, health officials say. An investigation is ongoing, but it is believed that Taylor Gaes contracted the septicemic plague from fleas on a dead rodent or other animal on the family’s land in the Cherokee Park area near Livermore, northwest of Fort Collins, Larimer County health officials confirmed to the Coloradoan Saturday. Septicemic plague occurs when bacteria enters the bloodstream directly — it is highly fatal and very rare in humans. Officials now are warning people who visited the family’s home after Gaes’ June 8 death — the day after his 16th birthday — to be extra vigilant. “There is a small chance that others might have been bitten by infected fleas, so anyone who was on the family’s land in the last seven days should seek medical attention immediately if a fever occurs. The last exposure to others was likely on June 14,” Larimer health officials said in a statement late Friday. – For completer article see http://www.coloradoan.com/story/news/2015/06/20/officials-say-rare-form-plague-killed-poudre-student/29031569/

TULAREMIA (RABBIT FEVER):

Colorado 06/18/15 denverpost.com: by Jesse Paul – Two Weld County men were diagnosed with tularemia — also known as rabbit fever — this week and health officials believe both were most likely exposed while mowing or working in their yards. County health officials say one of the men is hospitalized while the other is recovering at home, according to a news release issued Thursday. The two have been identified as a 79-year old from Milliken and an 80-year old from Greeley. “We are seeing an unusually high number of human tularemia cases along the Front Range this year,” Dr. Mark E. Wallace, executive director of the Weld County Health Department, said in a statement. “The public really needs to be cautious and not get exposed to this disease.” A Boulder County resident who contracted tularemia last month after doing yard work later died. That person’s case was the first in Boulder County this year. In 2014, Colorado saw at least 11 cases of tularemia in humans, more than three times the previous average in the state, according to county health data. – See http://www.denverpost.com/news/ci_28337050/2-weld-county-men-tularemia33987ir6diagnosed-tularemia-this-week

Colorado 06/23/15 kvnf.org. by Laura Palmisano – A Delta County man is recovering after contracting tularemia. Although it’s the first reported case of the disease on the Western Slope this year, health officials are concerned . . . So far this year, 11 people have contracted the disease (statewide). Health officials said one of the most recent cases involves a Delta County man who likely got exposed to it while excavating dirt on his property. – For complete article see http://kvnf.org/post/delta-county-sees-first-human-case-tularemia-health-officials-concerned

RABIES:

Georgia 06/16/15 Thomas County: A stray cat that bit two adults within a block of each other in a Raleigh Avenue neighborhood in Thomasville has tested positive for rabies. An elderly woman and a middle-aged man are being treated for exposure to the virus. – See http://www.timesenterprise.com/news/local_news/rabid-cat-confirmed-in-the-city/article_366a7f2c-1481-11e5-8309-8bda5d1ece15.html

Maryland 06/23/15 City of Baltimore: A stray cat trapped in Fort Armistead Park in Brooklyn on June 10 has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wbaltv.com/news/stray-cat-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-feralcat.3399rir778baltimore/33735152

Pennsylvania 06/18/15 Lehigh Valley: A stray cat that bit a woman who had been feeding it and others in the Luna Street area of Bethlehem has tested positive for rabies. “I strongly recommend that citizens never feed wildlife, stray or feral cats, or stray dogs, or attempt to handle any animal that is not their own,” Bethlehem Health Director Kristen Wenrich said in a statement. – See http://www.lehighvalleylive.com/bethlehem/index.ssf/2015/06/stray_cat_that_bit_bethlehem_r.html

Virginia 06/19/15 Spotsylvania County: A stray cat that bit a person after it was picked up near a gas station in the 11000 block of Leavells Road has tested positive for rabies. The cat is described as a male, orange tabby cat about 1½ years old. – See http://patch.com/virginia/fredericksburg/health-warning-rabies-case-confirmed-county-0?

Researchers’ discovery may explain difficulty in treating LYME DISEASE ~ MASSACHUSETTS teenager attacked by BLACK BEAR ~ Young girl is NEW MEXICO’s first human case of WEST NILE VIRUS ~ Two RABBITS positive for TULAREMIA in NEW MEXICO ~ RABIES reports from GA & SC.

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Global 06/01/15 medicalexpress.com: Excerpts – “Northeastern University researchers have found that the bacterium that causes Lyme disease forms dormant persister cells, which are known to evade antibiotics. This significant finding, they said, could help explain why it’s so difficult to treat the infection in some patients.”

NEUniv.ggf643kjg6“In addition to identifying the presence of these persister cells, Lewis’ team also presented two methods for wiping out the infection—both of which were successful in lab tests. One involved an anti-cancer agent called Mitomycin C, which completely eradicated all cultures of the bacterium in one fell swoop. However, Lewis stressed that, given Mitomycin C’s toxicity, it isn’t a recommended option for treating Lyme disease, though his team’s findings are useful to helping to better understand the disease.

Kim Lewis, University Distinguished Professor and Director of the Antimicrobial Discovery Center in the College of Science.

Kim Lewis, University Distinguished Professor and Director of the Antimicrobial Discovery Center in the College of Science.

“The second approach, which Lewis noted is much more practical, involved pulse-dosing an antibiotic to eliminate persisters. The researchers introduced the antibiotic a first time, which killed the growing cells but not the dormant persisters. But once the antibiotic washed away, the persisters woke up, and before they had time to restore their population the researchers hit them with the antibiotic again. Four rounds of antibiotic treatments completely eradicated the persisters in a test tube.”

” Lewis and his colleagues presented their findings in a paper published online last week in the journal Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.” – For complete article see http://medicalxpress.com/news/2015-06-discovery-difficulty-lyme-disease.html

BLACK BEAR:

black-bear-backcountry-movie_hMassachusetts 06/01/15 bostonherald.com: A western Massachusetts teenager says she feels lucky after suffering just minor injuries in a bear attack. Seventeen-year-old Carly Hall of Belchertown tells The Daily Hampshire Gazette (http://bit.ly/1K44KMz ) she was walking a family friend’s dog with three other teens in Amherst on Saturday night when they encountered a black bear. The teens scattered, but the bear followed Hall, who had the dog on a leash. She let go of the leash when the bear got too close, and the dog ran. She says the bear scraped her back twice before she jumped on the roof of a parked car and the bear went after the fleeing dog. – See http://www.bostonherald.com/news_opinion/local_coverage/2015/06/massachusetts_teen_taken_to_hospital_after_bear_attack

WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV):

imagesCACMXFDXNew Mexico 05/29/15 Valencia County: A 12-year-old girl is the first to be diagnosed with WNV in the state this year. Though she was reported to have the more serious form of the illness, neuroinvasive disease, she is now home recovering. – See article at http://krqe.com/2015/05/29/12-year-old-girl-diagnosed-with-first-human-case-of-west-nile-in-2015/

TULAREMIA (RABBIT FEVER):

tularemia.rr7788rr3New Mexico 05/29/15 Santa Fe County: Two rabbits found in the vicinity of the City of Santa Fe have tested positive for tularemia, a disease most commonly carried by rabbits and rodents in the wild. Pets such as dogs and cats often become infected. – See http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2015/may/29/2-rabbits-from-santa-fe-area-test-positive-for-tul/

RABIES:

rabies18893Georgia 05/29/15 Henry County: A Stockbridge family of eight is undergoing rabies treatments after interacting with an infected cat. Henry County Animal Control supervisor Vince Farah said a rabies alert was issued Tuesday after multiple members of a family reported being bitten or scratched by a cat that later tested positive for the virus, according to multiple news outlets. Walter McElreath says he was scratched by the cat, which his family had interacted with for a few months, while trying to get it into a cage. All eight members of McElreath’s family, including six children, will begin rabies treatments in the next several days. – See http://wabe.org/post/henry-county-family-8-undergoing-rabies-treatments

South Carolina 05/29/15 Abbeville County: Four people have been referred to their health care providers for consultation after being exposed to rabies in (the city of) Abbeville by a sheep that tested positive for the disease, the Department of Health and Environmental Control reported today. The sheep was potentially exposed to an aggressive skunk, which was not available for testing, roughly one month ago. Three of the four victims provided routine husbandry care for the sheep. The fourth victim was potentially exposed on May 25, 2015. The sheep tested positive for rabies on May 27. – For complete article see http://thetandd.com/news/sheep-exposes-four-to-rabies/article_6dfdc8f5-c118-5b93-95fb-0970d8704d8c.html

GEORGIA man dies of RATTLESNAKE bite ~ CALIFORNIA youngster attacked by COYOTE ~ COLORADO confirms HUMAN CASE of HANTAVIRUS ~ COLORADO confirms HUMAN CASE of TULAREMIA ~ TEXAS confirms first HUMAN CASE of WEST NILE VIRUS this year ~ RABIES reports from AL, MD & TX

Rattlesnake. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service

Rattlesnake. Courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service

Georgia 05/20/15 oconeeenterprise.com: by Blake Giles – David Giles knew snakes. He was trained as a forester. He had lived and worked near remote areas, so he knew snakes. He carried a snakebite kit in his vehicle. “He knows the woods,” said his mother, Jane Giles of Watkinsville. “I don’t know if there is anyone who knows any more about snakes and their habits than he knew. He knew to respect them.” But Giles, 59, of Watkinsville, died Monday from a snakebite. Giles had been living with his mother, Jane, for about four years since he had contracted Lyme disease. She believes that his system might have been compromised already by his illness, compounding the effects of the venom. Giles was on Bullock Road in Oglethorpe County Sunday evening. He had gone to water some plants for his sister, who was out of town. Rather than drive his own vehicle, with the snakebite kit, he drove his mother’s car. Exactly what happened is speculation because Giles was alone. It appears that he had at least turned on the water hose, because it was still running Tuesday when someone returned to the scene. There was some loose lumber at the site. Perhaps the snake was there, or under the house. “It’s a lovely old home, built in the late 1700s,” Jane Giles said. “It is totally surrounded by forest.” Emergency-room physicians told the family that they guessed that it was a rattlesnake bite, based on the size of the bite marks on his right hand. Giles was wearing a glove when the snake bit him. He drove himself about a mile to a nearby house where he practically fell out of the truck. He managed to tell someone, “I have been snakebit.” Jane Giles said her son never regained consciousness after that. – See http://www.oconeeenterprise.com/news/article_0ed5546e-ff00-11e4-a74d-6b0eeeff7035.html

COYOTE:

1_62_coyote_snarlCalifornia 05/22/15 losangeles.cbslocal.com: A 3-year-old girl was attacked by a coyote Friday while playing with a friend in an Orange County park. It happened around 5:50 p.m. at the corner of Equinox and Silverado, according to Irvine police. The coyote charged at the girl “out of nowhere” and lunged at her neck. It could have ended much differently had it not been for a nearby resident who acted quickly. Ginna McKenna was sitting on her patio when she spotted the attack, as told to CBS2’s Stacey Butler. “A little girl was screaming and the mother was screaming, so I came running out and there was a coyote in the park. I chased [the coyote] off,” McKenna said. “They were scared.” The girl was taken to a hospital with what was described as a superficial wound to her neck. Fish and Game and Animal Control officers with the Irvine P.D. are looking for the coyote. Police say coyotes frequent the area, but it’s extremely rare for one to attack a person. – For video see http://losangeles.cbslocal.com/2015/05/22/coyote-bites-3-year-old-girl-in-irvine/

HANTAVIRUS:

Hantavirus-OutbreakColorado 05/21/15 nbc11news.com: Garfield County Public Health officials are working with the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment to investigate a recent case of hantavirus exposure in the western part of Garfield County. Hantavirus is carried in the saliva, urine and droppings of certain infected mice. When contaminated dirt and dust are stirred up, the virus becomes airborne. “Every year we see cases of hantavirus in Colorado. Our state is second highest in the nation in cases of the disease,” said Yvonne Long, Public Health Director in a written statement. “If you have mice in or around your home, barns, or cabins you are at risk for exposure to hantavirus. That is why we are urging people to exercise extreme caution when they enter or clean up an area with evidence of rodents.” – For complete article see http://www.nbc11news.com/home/headlines/Hantavirus-case-reported-in-Garfield-County-304650041.html

TULAREMIA:

rabbit.tularemiaColorado 05/21/15 denverpost.com: by Anthony Cotton – The Larimer County Department of Health and Environment has confirmed this year’s first human case of tularemia in a county resident. Officials said the resident may have been infected while planting trees or gardening — soil can be contaminated by bacteria from the droppings or urine of sick animals, most likely rabbits. These bacteria can enter the skin through tiny cuts or abrasions. According to the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, in 2014, Colorado saw at least 11 cases of humans contracting tularemia, more than three times the previous average in the state. Residents are advised that tularemia-causing bacteria may infect small animals — especially rabbits and hares — along the Front Range. A recent die-off of rabbits in a neighborhood suggests a possible tularemia outbreak among the animals in that area. These bacteria can persist in the soil or water for weeks, and it takes very few bacteria to cause an infection. Officials said tularemia can be transmitted to people who have handled infected animals, such as hunters. Infection can also arise from the bite of infected insects (most commonly ticks and deer flies); by exposure to contaminated food, water, or soil by eating, drinking, or direct contact with breaks in the skin; or by inhaling particles carrying the bacteria (through mowing or blowing vegetation). – For complete article see http://www.denverpost.com/news/ci_28165479/larimer-county-confirms-first-2015-human-case-tularemia

WEST NILE VIRUS:

Harris County

Harris County

Texas 05/21/15 Harris County Health Dept: Media Release – – Harris County Public Health & Environmental Services (HCPHES) has confirmed the first human case of the 2015 season of West Nile Virus (WNV) illness in Harris County, and in the state of Texas. West Nile Virus was confirmed in an elderly patient from the northwest portion of Harris County. The patient, whose identity will remain confidential, is expected to recover.  – For complete release see http://www.hcphes.org/UserFiles/Servers/Server_72972/File/News%20and%20Media/Press%20Release_WNV%20human%20case_May%202015.pdf

RABIES:

rabies_tag_small_websiteAlabama 05/22/15 Lee County: A family’s unvaccinated pet Chihuahua from the 600 block of Lee Road 191 has tested positive for rabies after biting its owner who is now receiving post-exposure prophylactic treatment. – See http://www.oanow.com/news/auburn/article_64688270-00e0-11e5-9a09-4b06d28b805a.html

337278_koshka_kot_rebenok_ditya_devochka_kosichka_ulybka_2990x2170_www-gdefon-ruMaryland 05/21/15 Harford County: A feral cat from a colony on Scarboro Road near the county waste disposal center has tested positive for rabies. – See http://baltimore.cbslocal.com/2015/05/21/feral-cat-tests-positive-for-rabies/

6183687956_0905f1bf96_oTexas 05/21/15 Stephens County: A kitten found in the Harpersville area has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.ktxs.com/news/stephens-county-reports-its-first-rabies-case-of-year/33146132

CANADA: BLACK BEAR kills camper in BRITISH COLUMBIA ~ FLORIDA man attacked by COYOTE ~ NEW MEXICAN officials find TULAREMIA in two RABBIT carcasses ~ GRAY FOX in NEW MEXICO found to have new strain of RABIES ~ RABIES reports from FL, GA, NCx2 & VA.

Black bear. Courtesy Ohio Dept of Natural Resources.

Black bear. Courtesy Ohio Dept of Natural Resources.

Canada:

British Columbia 05/11/15 cbc.ca: A 27-year-old man from Mackenzie, B.C., was dragged from his campsite and killed by a black bear while camping with his fiancée last weekend, according to family and the BC Coroners Service. On Saturday night, Daniel Ward Folland O’Connor, known as Ward, went to sleep near the fire pit at his campsite while his fiancée, Jami Wallace, slept in their motorhome at a small forest service campground about 10 kilometres from Mackenzie. When Wallace woke up, O’Connor was gone, and there was a trail of blood from their campsite, said his father Danny O’Connor. “She followed the blood trail to find him, but the bear was gone when she got there, because she was doing a lot of screaming for him,” said the father. With no cell service, Wallace got in their car at about 9:30 a.m. PT and drove to get his father to help. Danny O’Connor rushed to the campground and started searching through the bush for his son. “I wanted to get out there and see if I could save him,” he said. “When I got there the bear was there,” standing over his son’s body, he said. “I couldn’t go closer.” Danny O’Connor sat in his truck and waited for RCMP and the B.C. Conservation Officer Service to arrive. Shortly after the officers arrived, they shot a lone wolf, as they were still unsure what had killed O’Connor. Shortly after, they spotted a large male black bear weighing an estimated 140 kilograms and shot it as well. – For photos and complete article see http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/bear-attack-kills-camper-daniel-ward-o-connor-near-mackenzie-b-c-1.3069202

COYOTE:

2384478345_223136ab5fFlorida 05/15/15 wptv.com: by Jamel Lanee – A West Boca neighborhood is on edge tonight. One resident says he was attacked by a coyote and his neighbors fear this won’t be the last. This is the same subdivision where 3 weeks ago a mother says a coyote came after her daughter and her small dog in the Boca Winds community. Now, a resident is opening up about being attacked by a coyote five days ago. “Took like eight or nine times to fend it off,” said Greg Robinson. He says he was attacked by a coyote five days ago. “Heard footsteps coming towards me, thought it was a dog, it wasn’t. It actually jumped at me,” he said. He says the attack happened early in the morning last week. Robinson’s neighbor, Rebecca Baker, also saw the coyote. She snapped a picture Wednesday morning. Baker said, “I actually was coming back from dropping off my kids at school and I noticed it in the neighbor’s yard, across the street from my mother and I stopped and it just kind of stared at me like I was a piece of meat.” People who live there are worried because there’s been a number of coyote sightings in the area.  – For video and complete article see http://www.wptv.com/news/region-s-palm-beach-county/boca-raton/a-man-is-attacked-by-a-coyote-in-a-west-boca-subdivision-possibly-same-animal-spotted-3-weeks-ago

TULAREMIA:

zoonosis_tularemia (2)New Mexico 05/15/15 abqjournal.com: Residents in Santa Fe County are being warned to keep their distance from dead animal carcasses after two dead rabbits found Monday on private property in the Eldorado area tested positive for Tularemia, a serious infectious disease also known as “rabbit fever.” According to an news release from the Santa Fe County Sheriff’s Office, animal control officers collected the remains and they were tested at a New Mexico Department of Agriculture office in Albuquerque. The state Health Department has confirmed eight cases of Tularemia in cats and dogs this year with three of those in Santa Fe County. Tularemia can be spread from animals to humans but not human to human. Symptoms are high fever, head ache and nausea, similar to plague-like symptoms. Anyone who handles dead animal carcasses is urged to wear gloves and use a shovel to place the animal in a double-bagged plastic bag before disposing of it. – See http://www.abqjournal.com/585419/abqnewsseeker/tularemia-found-in-santa-fe-rabbits.html

NEW RABIES STRAIN:

Gray%20FoxNew Mexico 05/19/15 NM Department of Health: Media Release – Officials announced today that a rabid fox from Lincoln County that bit a woman on April 20 had a strain of rabies that has never before been identified. The genetic sequencing of the virus was done in the Rabies Laboratory at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta. The woman received a series of rabies vaccinations that has prevented her from developing rabies, which is usually fatal. – For complete release see http://nmhealth.org/news/disease/2015/5/?view=264

RABIES:

darlingcat-mattapoisett-Ma.govFlorida 05/20/15 Palm Beach County: One of two cats thrown from a car in a neighborhood west of Lake Worth has tested positive for rabies. Six people who were either bitten and/or scratched by the cat are being treated for exposure to the virus. The second cat is still at large in the neighborhood near Lake Worth Road east of Florida’s Turnpike and officials are warning people in the area to avoid all stray animals. The two cats were thrown from a vehicle Friday evening near the 3000 block of Woods Walk Boulevard, just north of Lake Worth Road near the Publix shopping plaza. Anyone who may have come across the cat or any other sick animals is asked to call Animal Care and Control at 561-233-1200. – For video and complete article see http://www.palmbeachpost.com/news/news/local/six-people-treated-for-rabies-after-being-bitten-s/nmLF4/

cat-child-300x225Georgia 05/19/15 Douglas County: A domestic cat found in the area of Fairburn and Lee roads in Douglasville has tested positive for rabies. The cat had a bite injury to its leg. – See http://www.neighbornewspapers.com/view/full_story/26642425/article-Rabid-cat-in-Douglas-concerns-county-animal-services?instance=all

North Carolina 05/16/15 Randolph County: A stray cat found in the Brookhollow Lane area of Archdale, off Balfour Drive, in the Stoneybrooke subdivision on May 8th has tested positive for rabies. Since then, a kitten that was in contact with that cat has shown signs of abnormal behavior and has been picked up by the health department. People who think they or their pet has been exposed to this stray cat or the kitten should call the health department immediately at (336) 318-6200 or call 911 if it is after hours or on the weekend. – See http://www.news-record.com/news/local_news/rabid-cat-confirmed-in-archdale/article_2c1b6e00-fbf4-11e4-9c88-bb524c0d1a7c.html

CAS_Kitten_Child_02North Carolina 05/12/15 Alamance County: A stray cat that attacked and bit a person on the leg near Mebane Oaks and Old Hillsborough roads in Mebane on May 8th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.thetimesnews.com/news/top-news/stray-cat-in-mebane-confirmed-as-rabid-1.477178

rabidcat.princewilliamhealthdistrictVirginia 05/16/15 Prince William Health District: A stray cat with gray fur and a tan or white spot over its left eye found on May 13th near the intersection of Sudley Road and Shelter Lane in Haymarket has tested positive for rabies. Anyone who may have come in contact with a cat acting abnormal in or around this area should call the health district at 703-792-5363 or the Prince William Animal Control Division at 703-792-6500. – See http://wtop.com/virginia/2015/05/cat-with-rabies-found-in-haymarket/

BEAVERS in COLORADO spreading TULAREMIA ~ FLORIDIAN attacked by BLACK BEAR while walking DOG ~ Third NEW MEXICAN this year to die of HANTAVIRUS ~ CANADA: BIRD FLU in BRITISH COLUMBIA “highly pathogenic” ~ WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) cases exceed 2,000 again this year ~ RABIES report from NORTH CAROLINA.

Beaver. Courtesy National Park Service.

Beaver. Courtesy National Park Service.

Colorado 12/03/14 summitdaily.com: Fifteen human cases of tularemia have reported so far this year, which is three times the annual average for the state. Tularemia-related small-mammal die-offs have been reported in at least 27 Colorado counties. Beavers found south of Breckenridge have tested positive for the bacteria, which can cause a potentially life-threatening disease. Of the 15 human cases reported this year, 11 patients have been hospitalized. – See http://www.summitdaily.com/news/14085888-113/tularemia-summit-bacteria-county

BEAR ATTACK:

blackbearjpgFlorida 12/04/14 wtsp.com: A Lake Mary resident who was walking her dog on Wednesday night was attacked by a black bear and bitten on the upper arm. Fortunately, the bear then abruptly left the area. According to officials, the dog spotted the bear and tried to chase it tugging at its leash and causing the woman to fall to the ground. The bear then attacked and ran off. Lake Mary, a suburb of Orlando, is in Seminole County. Last April another Lake Mary resident was mauled by a bear. Three people in the area were later charged for feeding bears. – See http://www.wtsp.com/story/news/local/florida/2014/12/04/fl-woman-bitten-by-bear-while-walking-dog/19914509/

Follow-Up Report: 12/06/14 therepublic.com: Officials have captured and killed the bear suspected to be the one that bit a woman walking her dog in Lake Mary last week. – See http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/460e5dfb2dd145ab99db2c11ab5d51f2/FL–Bear-Attack

HANTAVIRUS:

Deer mouse. NPS.

Deer mouse. NPS.

New Mexico 12/05/14 krqe.com: Health officials say a 28-year-old McKinley County man is the third person in the state to die from Hantavirus this year. The Department of Health says there have been a total of six Hantavirus cases in the state this year. Those include a 49-year-old Otero County man who remains hospitalized but whose condition is improving. Hantavirus is a deadly disease transmitted by infected rodents through urine, droppings or saliva. The deer mouse is the main carrier of the strain found in New Mexico, and the department says it’s important to seal homes and other structures during cold weather because mice may try to enter buildings for food or shelter. The other fatal New Mexico cases involved a 67-year-old San Juan County woman and a 59-year-old McKinley County man. – See http://krqe.com/2014/12/05/nm-records-3rd-hantavirus-death-in-2014/

Canada:

BIRD FLU VIRUS:

Turkeys-18British Columbia 12/05/14 foxnews.com: The bird flu virus that has killed thousands of birds on two Canadian farms in British Columbia is the “highly pathogenic” H5N2 strain, Canada’s chief veterinary officer Harpreet Kochhar said on Thursday. The strain was last detected in Canada in the province of Manitoba in 2010, but that virus was considered less contagious and deadly, he said. Canada said on Tuesday that tests had found avian influenza on two British Columbia farms that raise turkeys and broiler chickens. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency confirmed on Thursday that two additional farms located between the original two had tested positive for bird flu. Kochhar said he was not aware of other farms with unusual levels of bird deaths, but said it was too early to say the disease was now contained.

Florida_chicken_houseAvian influenza is an infectious viral disease of birds. Most bird flu viruses do not infect humans or pose a food safety risk when poultry products are properly handled and cooked. The fact that the British Columbia strain is highly pathogenic does not necessarily mean it poses more risk to humans than previous viruses found in Canada, said John Spika of the Public Health Agency of Canada. South Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Japan have all imposed varying bans on Canadian poultry products. – See http://www.foxnews.com/health/2014/12/05/canada-bird-flu-virus-identified-as-highly-pathogenic-strain/

WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV):

aaCDC-LogoNational 12/04/14 outbreaknewstoday.com: by Robert Herriman – The number of human West Nile virus (WNV) infections have exceeded 2,000 in 2014, according to newly published data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This makes it the third year in a row that the United States has seen 2,000 cases or more. As of December 2, overall, 2,002 cases of West Nile virus disease in people have been reported to CDC. Of these, 1,196 (60%) were classified as neuro-invasive disease (such as meningitis or encephalitis) and 806 (40%) were classified as non-neuro-invasive disease. Of this total there has been 76 fatalities, or almost 4 percent. California continues to top all states with 750 cases according to the CDC (California DPH reports 769) accounting for approximately 38 percent of all cases nationally. In 2013, 2,469 cases were reported with 119 deaths, while in 2012, 5,674 cases were reported with 286 deaths. – For complete article with history of WNV see http://outbreaknewstoday.com/west-nile-virus-cases-top-2000-in-the-us-for-3rd-year-in-a-row-73686/

RABIES:

Rabies.syringeNorth Carolina 12/02/14 Catawba County: A dog that bit a veterinarian when it was brought in for treatment at an Emergency Vet Clinic in Hickory on Nov. 26th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wsoctv.com/news/news/local/dog-tests-positive-rabies-after-biting-vet-tech-hi/njKP8/

58 WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) related deaths in the U.S. so far this year ~ RABBIT FEVER cases continue to rise in COLORADO ~ Study finds LYME DISEASE infected TICKS and MAMMALS in NEW YORK’s Adirondack Park ~ CATS three times more likely to contract RABIES than DOGS ~ Other RABIES reports from GA, NC, OH, SD, VA & CANADA: ONT.

West Nile Virus Activity by State – United States, 2014 (as of October 28, 2014)

West Nile Virus Activity by State – United States, 2014 (as of October 28, 2014)

National 10/30/14 outbreaknewstoday.com: by Robert Herriman – Just to keep things in perspective in the United States, the mosquito borne virus that originated in Africa, West Nile virus (WNV) has killed 1,668 people from its first appearance in  the states in 1999 through 2013. That’s 111 fatalities per year average for a disease that prior to 1999, the vast, I mean vast majority of Americans had no clue existed. During that period we saw some 40,000 human cases of the disease as it spread across the nation and as far north as Canada. We’ve had some mild years and some pretty severe years–almost 10,000 cases nationwide were seen in 2003, while two years ago, the state of Texas saw almost 2,000 cases alone. Currently, the number of human WNV cases stands, ironically at 1,668 as of Oct. 28, including 58 deaths. California to date is 2012’s Texas, leading the nation in both cases (654) and deaths (22).

wnv1_clip_image002First discovered in Uganda in 1937, West Nile virus is a mosquito-borne disease that can cause encephalitis, a brain inflammation. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 80 percent of people (about 4 out of 5) who are infected with WNV will not show any symptoms at all. Up to 20 percent of the people who become infected have symptoms such as fever, headache, and body aches, nausea, vomiting, and sometimes swollen lymph glands or a skin rash on the chest, stomach and back. Symptoms can last for as short as a few days, though even healthy people have become sick for several weeks. About one in 150 people infected with WNV will develop severe illness. The severe symptoms can include high fever, headache, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, vision loss, numbness and paralysis. These symptoms may last several weeks, and neurological effects may be permanent. There is no specific treatment for WNV infection. WNV is indigenous to Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia and now North America. – See http://outbreaknewstoday.com/west-nile-virus-deaths-in-us-now-58-15228/

TULAREMIA aka RABBIT FEVER:

A Mountain Cottontail rabbit.

A Mountain Cottontail rabbit.

COLORADO 10/27/14 cpr.org. by Pat Mack – The number of human cases of the bacterial disease, tularemia, continues to rise in Colorado. The Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment now reports 12 confirmed cases of the disease also known as ‘rabbit fever’ so far this year, with many more suspected. Normally, the state sees four cases a year. “We haven’t seen this many tularemia cases in Colorado since the 1980s,” said State Public Health Veterinarian Dr. Jennifer House. “Historically, we see cases of tularemia in hunters, and the disease is so widespread this year, we want to make sure our hunters understand the risks.” The state health department believes tularemia may have spread to 30 counties in the state. Health officials say people can get the disease if they handle infected animals like rabbits and rodents, or are bitten by infected ticks or deer flies. Hunters are most at risk when skinning game and preparing and eating the meat. – For complete article and precautions see http://www.cpr.org/news/story/state-rabbit-fever-cases-spiking-hunters-should-take-care

LYME DISEASE:

T_lyme_disease518d6New York 10/23/14 adirondackalmanack.com: by Mike Lynch – Researchers from Paul Smith’s College are finding Lyme Disease in ticks and small mammals in the Adirondack Park. Paul Smith’s College professor Lee Ann Sporn is heading her college’s involvement in a Lyme Disease study that includes the state Department of Health and Trudeau Institute in Saranac Lake. Trudeau is working to develop a vaccine for Lyme, while Sporn and students are monitoring the disease by testing mammals and ticks for it. Researchers hope to get a better understanding of the biology of the disease, where it is found geographically, and what factors are influencing its spread. So far, Sporn said that some of the test results have surprised her, including that a high percentage (eight of twelve) of small mammals tested positive for Lyme Disease in Schroon Lake.  The animals — mainly mice, shrews and voles — were trapped in the wild

paulsmiths-logoOther results include five of eight animals in Queensbury testing positive. Further south outside the Park, four of twelve animals in the Albany Pine Bush Preserve were found with Lyme. Up north, two of twenty-two small mammals in Paul Smith’s tested positive, while one of twenty-seven animals from Black Brook were found with Lyme. Paul Smiths, located 10 miles north of Saranac Lake, is at an elevation of roughly 1,650 feet, the highest site in the study. “We were surprised to find positive animals at Paul Smiths and at Black Brook because we’re out in the field all of the time, and we’ve never seen deer ticks here,” Sporn said. “We thought this would be our negative, but it wasn’t. So now that we do know there were positive ticks here, we are talking about looking at higher elevations.” – For complete article see http://www.adirondackalmanack.com/2014/10/researchers-finding-lyme-disease-in-adirondacks.html

RABIES:

Cat-And-Dog-Wallpaper-91National 10/23/14 myedmondsnews.com: It is now clear that in the U.S. cats are more often diagnosed with rabies than dogs. The number of verified cases of rabies in cats has increased and now there are three times as many cat cases reported compared to the diagnosis in dogs. The AVMA (American Veterinary Medical Association) says that approximately 34-37 percent of families or individuals with pet cats do not take those animals to a veterinarian. The likelihood of those animals being vaccinated to prevent rabies is low to nonexistent. At least a third of all cats not vaccinated? That is a troubling statistic made even more so by cat owners who do take their animals to a veterinarian but have failed to have them vaccinated against rabies. This is not a rare disease. In 2010 fewer cases of rabies were reported compared to previous years in the U.S., but there were 6,153 cases in animals from 48 states and Puerto Rico verified. Raccoons were most commonly diagnosed (36.5 percent), skunks (23.5 percent), bats (25.2 percent), foxes (7.0 percent) and the rest in other species including some rodents. Domestic animals accounted for 8 percent of all verified cases and we still have two or three cases in humans every year. – For complete article see http://myedmondsnews.com/2014/10/ask-edmonds-vet-cats-rabies/

Georgia 10/29/14 Fulton County: A case of rabies has been confirmed in Roswell. What’s concerning is that it was found in a cat. Channel 2’s Wendy Corona visited the vet who saw it firsthand and says there may be a bigger issue. Dr. Michael Ray took a feral cat in last Tuesday. That cat was known to live out in the woods with no human contact. Ray said the man who brought the cat in told him the cat just let herself be taken,  which was strange to him. “But even more disturbing than that was how she was behaving. This is a cat that really couldn’t be touched and she was nonresponsive,” Ray said. After further examination, the feral cat appeared to have paralytic rabies. She was euthanized and days later a test confirmed rabies. Ray says it’s the first case he has seen in a cat from that area in his 18-year career. “I would be concerned about maybe a rabid fox, or rabid skunk or rabid raccoon,” he said. Corona visited the area near Holcomb Bridge Road where the cat was found and saw other cats near homes and one in the woods. This case brings attention the need to vaccinate pets for their security. – For complete article see http://www.wsbtv.com/news/news/rabies-found-cat-roswell/nhtz8/

North Carolina 10/29/14 Wilkes County: Two young children and others are receiving post-exposure prophylaxis rabies shots after a stray cat that appeared in the Byrd Ridge Road area off N.C. 18 North tested positive for rabies, said Wilkes Animal Control Director Junior Simmons. Simmons said a person who lives on Byrd Ridge Road called the Wilkes Animal Shelter Saturday to report that the male long haired blue-gray cat had bitten a young child and that the cat appeared to be injured. He said an animal control officer picked up the cat but that it couldn’t be sent to the state lab in Raleigh for testing until Monday. The cat was euthanized on Monday and sent that day and results showing it had rabies came back Tuesday. Animal control officers learned that another young child on Byrd Ridge Road had been bitten by the cat. Simmons said this other child and several other people who had contact with the cat in the Byrd Ridge Road area are getting post-exposure prophylaxis rabies shots. So far 21 people need to be assessed to determine if they need post-exposure prophylaxis rabies shots. Several pet dogs and cats that may have had contact with the rabid cat were euthanized at the request of owners and others have been quarantined to see if they have rabies. – For complete article see http://www.journalpatriot.com/news/article_4c745c0c-5f9b-11e4-help984-05834a922-001a4bcf6878.html

Ohio 10/29/14 Tuscarawas County: The New Philadelphia City Health Department is looking for a dark gray/tiger cat with a red collar that was in the vicinity of the 500 block of Fourth Street NW, between Minnich Avenue and Park Avenue NW. The cat bit a woman Wednesday. Because of that, the cat needs to be in rabies quarantine until Nov. 8. If the cat cannot be located for observation, the woman likely will need to undergo post-exposure rabies inoculations. If anyone has any information concerning this cat or its whereabouts, contact the New Philadelphia City Health Department at 330-364-4491, ext. 208; the New Philadelphia Police Department at 330-343-4488 or the Tuscarawas County Dog Warden at 330-339-2616. – See http://www.timesreporter.com/articlehelp984-05834/20141029/NEWS/141029151/10675/NEWS

South Dakota 10/31/14 Minnehaha County: Sioux Falls police are asking for the public’s help in finding a six month old Chocolate Labrador that bit a 4-year-old Tuesday at Menlo Park. The incident happened about 5:30 p.m. The dog ran into the park and bit the child, then ran to the east, police said. Police are attempting to find the dog to verify rabies vaccination. Anyone who sees a dog matching the description is asked to call police. – See http://www.argusleader.com/story/news/crime/2014/10/31/police-searching-dog-bit-year-old/18257543/

Virginia 10/29/14 Warren County: by Josette Keelor – A cat in Warren County has tested positive for rabies. On Oct. 15, the cat, described as a domestic short hair, yellow and white in color, attacked three people in the vicinity of Va. 649 or Browntown Road and Va. 622 Buck Mountain Road/Liberty Hall Road, according to a news release from the Warren County Health Department. This is the fifth cat that has tested positive for rabies in Warren County this year. – For complete article see http://www.nvdaily.com/news/2014/10/confirmed-warren-county-rabies-case-reminds-of-risk.php

Canada:

page_grey_bruce_health_unit_logo_28Ontario 10/29/14 Bruce County: The Grey Bruce Health Unit is asking for the public’s help in tracking down a dog involved in a biting incident. It happened Monday at about 9:30 AM as a man walked on Huron Terrace Road where it becomes Penatangore Row in Kincardine. He was bitten by a dog being walked by a young man. The dog is described as a medium-sized brown and tan mixed breed. The victim couldn’t get any information from the owner. Staff of the Grey Bruce Health Unit need to confirm the dog is not infectious with rabies. By verifying the health of the dog, the victim can avoid receiving the post-exposure rabies treatment. If you have any information about the incident, you are asked to contact the Grey Bruce Health Unit at 519-376-9420. – See http://www.bayshorebroadcasting.ca/news_item.php?NewsID=70254