Tag Archives: Wolves

World traveler hospitalized in MINNESOTA with LASSA FEVER ~ UTAH confirms case of HANTAVIRUS ~ FOLLOW-UP REPORT: OREGON’s celebrity WOLF OR-7 may soon exit stage ~ RABIES reports from AZ, AR, CT, FL, GA, MD, NJ, NCx2, PA, SCx2 & VA.

Rat. Bing free use license.

Rat. Bing free use license.

Minnesota 04/04/14 medpagetoday.com: by Michael Smith – A man is in stable condition in a Minnesota hospital with Lassa fever after returning from a trip to West Africa, where an outbreak of Ebola virus is now raging. The Minnesota Department of Health said the man flew to Minneapolis-St. Paul on March 31 and soon after his arrival visited a physician. Because of his travel history and symptoms, the doctor suspected a possible hemorrhagic fever. The man was admitted to the hospital with fever and confusion and CDC testing confirmed a diagnosis of Lassa fever on April 3, the department and the CDC said in separate statements. “This imported case is a reminder that we are all connected by international travel,” CDC Director Tom Frieden, MD, said in a statement. “A disease anywhere can appear anywhere else in the world withinhours.”

Air routes connecting to and from Africa.

Air routes connecting to and from Africa.

Lassa fever is rarely seen in the U.S., with only seven cases recorded, the latest in 2010, according to the CDC. The agency reported that preliminary information suggests the man flew from West Africa to New York City and on to Minneapolis on another flight. The agency did not say where in West Africa the trip started. The CDC is working with public health officials and airlines to identify anyone who might have had close contact with the infected person, although Lassa fever is not easily spread from human to human. “Casual contact is not a risk factor for getting Lassa fever,” said Barbara Knust, DVM, a CDC epidemiologist in the lab that tested the patient’s blood for Lassa virus. “People will not get this infection just because they were on the same airplane or in the same airport,” she said in a statement.

RatthumbnailCANGBSFFThe Lassa virus is carried by rodents and transmitted to humans through contact with urine or droppings, but in some cases people can catch it from another person through direct contact with blood or bodily fluids, the mucous membranes, or sexual contact. “Given what we know about how Lassa virus is spread to people, the risk to other travelers and members of the public is extremely low,” Martin Cetron, MD, of the CDC’s Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, said in a statement. Between 100,000 and 300,000 cases of Lassa fever occur in West Africa each year, with up to 5,000 deaths. – For complete article see http://www.medpagetoday.com/InfectiousDisease/GeneralInfectiousDisease/45120?isalert=1&uun=g632000d1042R5753012u&utm_source=breaking-news&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=breaking-news&xid=NL_breakingnews_2014-04-04

Author’s Note: For more information on Lassa Fever see http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/lassa/

Hantavirus:

imagesCAULAVUQUtah 04/04/14 kcsg.com: The Southwest Utah Public Health Department (SWUPHD) has confirmed a case of hantavirus infection in Kane County. Hantavirus incidences are rare in the five-county region, with the last case being reported four years ago in Iron County. The virus is found in the droppings, urine, and saliva of rodents, usually deer-mice. “This time of year, a lot of people start spring cleaning in places where rodent droppings are found; such as sheds, barns, and cabins,” says Dr. David Blodgett, SWUPHD Health Officer. “If hantavirus is present, it can be inhaled and cause respiratory illness within a few weeks.” Hantavirus infection, called Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, starts with flu-like symptoms followed by difficulty breathing and can be life-threatening. Treatment includes intensive hospital care to deal with the respiratory distress. Hantavirus is not known to spread person-to-person. – For complete article and precautions see http://www.kcsg.com/view/full_story/24877415/article-Hantavirus-Infection-in-Southwest-Utah?instance=more_local_news1

Follow-Up Report:

Wolf OR-7:

(See previous posts dated 11/12/11, through 12/13/13)

graywolfNPRphotoOregon 03/29/14 missoulian.com: The wandering wolf dubbed OR-7 has enjoyed well over his 15 minutes of fame. But even with continued public interest, he could soon fade from the spotlight. The Global Positioning System collar that has sent regular electronic pulses to reveal his travels for the past three years has eclipsed its normal life span, and state and federal biologists don’t plan to replace it. “When that collar dies, we’ll never know his fate,” Rob Klavins of the conservation group Oregon Wild told the Mail Tribune newspaper. “But that could be OK. It’s good to have a little mystery in the world.“ The wolf gained celebrity status in 2011 after leaving a pack in northeastern Oregon, days after the state issued a kill order for his father and a sibling for preying on livestock.

wolfMost Oregon wolves on such journeys, called dispersals, have stayed in northeast Oregon or traveled to Idaho. The young wolf headed west with the tracking satellite following his moves as he fruitlessly searched for a mate. He became the first confirmed wolf in western Oregon since the last one was killed under a livestock-protection bounty program in 1937. He then crossed a state line and became California’s only confirmed wolf since 1924. He wandered throughout Northern California and almost traveled into Nevada before retracing his steps to southern Oregon, where he’s spending his time near Mount McLoughlin. The wolf will not be re-collared because biologists prefer to collar breeding pairs or members of packs. Collaring can be dangerous and time-consuming, and biologists would rather collar animals in other packs not sporting GPS collars to get information on their whereabouts and habits instead of an established bachelor like OR-7. – See this article at http://missoulian.com/news/state-and-regional/oregon-wandering-wolf-s-signal-ready-to-fade/article_15a8644a-b6ac-11e3-aef0-001a4bcf887a.html. See 3/22/14 companion article about a group retracing the path of wandering Oregon wolf OR-7 at http://missoulian.com/news/state-and-regional/group-retracing-trek-of-wandering-oregon-wolf-or/article_bad003c8-b121-11e3-bc24-001a4bcf887a.html

Rabies:

a898778rabies-alertArizona 04/04/14 Santa Cruz County: Officials have announced that the entire county is under quarantine after an outbreak of rabies reached record-breaking levels. The quarantine order, effective through December 31st, was issued after 23 positive cases of rabies were reported since January 1st of this year. The county recorded only 12 cases in all of 2013. – See http://www.nogalesinternational.com/news/county-now-under-rabies-quarantine/article_1a9ef380-bc0e-11e3-a7b0-0019bb2963f4.html

323rabies-skunk_mediumArkansas 04/01/14 Pulaski County: A skunk that was observed behaving strangely near the 800 block of Buttercup in North Little Rock‘s Levy neighborhood has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.arkansasmatters.com/story/d/story/rabies-warning-in-north-little-rock/59358/GB4-wF9jxECoaYCA8PI3Gw

Connecticut 04/02/14 Hartford County: A raccoon that fought with two vaccinated dogs on Rogers Lane in Enfield on March 26th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.journalinquirer.com/towns/enfield/raccoon-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-enfield/article_84f6f590-ba68-11e3-acb9-001a4bcf887a.html

17858296_BG1Florida 03/29/14 Hernando County: A raccoon that fought with a vaccinated dog on Sun Hill Lane in Brooksville has tested positive for rabies. – See http://tbo.com/health/rabid-raccoon-reported-in-east-brooksville-20140329/

Georgia 04/02/14 Hall County: A raccoon that fought with a dog on Bowen Bridge Road in the Clermont area is the fourth wild animal in the county to test positive for rabies so far this year. – See http://www.accessnorthga.com/detail.php?n=273283

17907533_240X180Maryland 03/31/14 Prince George’s County: A fox removed from the 4000 block of Woodrow Lane in Bowie on March 21st has tested positive for rabies. – See http://laurel.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/fox-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-bowie

raccoonrabid113524New Jersey 04/01/14 Atlantic County: A raccoon removed from the backyard of a resident in the 4000 block of Ridge Avenue in Egg Harbor Township is the third animal to test positive for rabies in the township so far this year. – See http://www.shorenewstoday.com/snt/news/index.php/egg-harbor-twp/eht-general-news/50867-third-case-of-rabies-found-in-egg-harbor-township.html

rabiesAlert521d4-1North Carolina 04/04/14 Cleveland County: Eighteen people are being treated for potential exposure to rabies after a Good Samaritan in the town of Lawndale adopted one of two puppies that were abandoned and were wandering along Elam Road. The adopted puppy began acting sickly and when brought to a clinic was diagnosed with and tested positive for the virus. Making matters worse, the other puppy ran away. Officials are warning area residents who might have been in contact with either of the puppies to seek immediate medical attention. – See http://www.wsmv.com/story/25158263/stray-puppies-leave-cleveland-co-neighbors-owing-thousands-of-dollars-in-medical-bills

320x240North Carolina 03/28/14 Cumberland County: A bat found between Pamalee Drive and Murhison Road in Fayetteville has tested positive for rabies. This is the 3rd case of the virus to be confirmed in the county this year. – See http://www.fayobserver.com/news/local/article_1026ca27-0ce1-51f8-9ed6-2af733ba68ac.html

Rabid-Fox---26690055Pennsylvania 04/02/14 Montgomery County: A fox that was killed by a resident’s unvaccinated dog on the 2000 block of Weber Road in Worcester Township has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.timesherald.com/general-news/20140402/montgomery-county-health-department-confirms-fox-positive-for-rabies-in-worcester

Cat-RabiesSouth Carolina 04/01/14 Laurens County: A stray cat found in or near the town of Gray Court has tested positive for rabies. At least one person has been advised to seek treatment for possible exposure to the virus. – See http://www.independentmail.com/news/2014/apr/01/cat-exposes-person-rabies-laurens-county/

South Carolina 03/29/14 Aiken County: A man in his 20s has been advised to seek post-expsosure treatment for rabies after a raccoon entered his home on Limerick Drive in Aiken and scratched his face. The raccoon has since tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.aikenstandard.com/article/20140329/AIK0101/140329342/1004/man-recommended-to-undergo-treatment-after-rabies-exposure

crittersVirginia 04/04/14 Prince William Health District: A cat found on March 31st near Forest Glen Road in Woodbridge between Horner Road and Hylton Avenue has tested positive for rabies. And in Nokesville, four raccoons and a skunk have tested positive for the virus since July of 2013. A Rabies Alert has been issued for both communities. – See http://www.insidenova.com/health/health-district-warns-residents-about-rabies-in-woodbridge-nokesville/article_a439195c-bc3d-11e3-947e-0019bb2963f4.html

Will CHIKUNGUNYA FEVER spread to the U.S.? ~ TRAVEL WARNINGS: CHIKUNGUNYA spreads throughout eastern CARIBBEAN ~ MISSISSIPPI reports first WEST NILE VIRUS case of 2014 ~ MEXICAN GRAY WOLD population highest since reintroduction 16 years ago ~ RABIES reports from AZ, & GA.

chikungunya_1

Western Hemisphere 02/10/14 livescience.com: by Marc Lallanilla – Health experts are concerned that chikungunya fever — a debilitating mosquito-borne disease that was once confined to Africa and Asia — has now spread to the Caribbean and may soon begin to make its way across North and South America. An infection with the chikungunya (chik-un-GUN-ya) virus causes severe pain, high fever, headache, nausea, vomiting and rash. The name is derived from an East African word for “that which bends,” a reference to the hi_4333.chikungunyaposture adopted by infected people who are stooped over from severe joint pain. And though the disease can’t be spread directly from person to person, a mosquito that bites a person who’s infected with the virus can easily spread the disease by biting another person, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The spread of chikungunya was first reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) in December 2013, after 10 residents on the Caribbean island of St. Martin were confirmed to have the disease. In the months since then, chikungunya has spread to other Caribbean countries, including popular tourist destinations such as Guadeloupe, Martinique and the British Virgin Islands.

Will chikungunya spread to the US?

0209-web-subCARIBBEANmap.chikungunyaThe disease isn’t unknown in the United States, but all previous documented cases have been in people who traveled outside the U.S. to countries where chikungunya is established, and were not caused by infected mosquitos within the U.S. That may change, however, since the mosquitos that carry the virus —Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus — are already found in the U.S. Some experts worry that it’s only a matter of time before chikungunya fever spreads to the U.S. “We definitely should be concerned,” said Laura Harrington, a professor of entomology at Cornell University who specializes in the spread of chikungunya and other tropical diseases. The death rate from chikungunya is fairly low — about 1 to 2 percent — “but it does cause a lot of discomfort,” Harrington told LiveScience. Most of the deaths caused by the disease are among the elderly or people with compromised immune systems.- For complete article see http://www.livescience.com/43241-what-is-chikungunya-fever-virus-mosquito.html

TRAVEL WARNINGS:

saim-LMAP-mdEastern Caribbean 02/08/14 theglobaldispatch.com: Since the chikungunya virus first made it’s appearance in the Western Hemisphere in early December on the Caribbean island of Saint Martin, the outbreak has continued to grow and spread throughout many parts of the region showing little sign of slowing. The newest numbers released by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) on Feb. 7 shows that the total case count is pushing 1,500, up several hundred from just one week ago. According to European authorities, as of Friday the numbers are as follows: Saint Martin (FR):  601 probable or confirmed cases, Sint Maarten (NL): 60 confirmed cases, Saint Barthélemy: 83 probable or confirmed cases, Martinique: 518 probable or confirmed cases, Guadeloupe: 175 probable or confirmed cases, British Virgin Islands, Jost Van Dyke islands: six confirmed cases and Dominica: 3 confirmed cases and 1 imported confirmed case probably originating from Saint Martin. The Dominica number may be updated very soon as at least one news source from the island, Dominica News Online reported Friday the case count is now actually 13. In addition to the autochthonous cases reported above, imported cases have been reported from French Guiana: 4 confirmed imported cases: 3 from Martinique and 1 from Saint Martin, with no evidence of local transmission, one imported confirmed case on the Island of Anguilla probably originating from Saint Martin and one imported case reported on the Aruba.

lancet80-4-5ui76In a paper in The Lancet published today, researchers state:

It is likely that the chikungunya epidemic will extend to other Caribbean islands, and it also has substantial potential for spreading from this region visited yearly by millions of tourists to the American mainland where A aegypti is endemic. Assuming that this strain will be transmitted efficiently by A albopictus mosquitoes, its persistence in the Caribbean would also represent, as a consequence of seasonal synchronicity, a great threat for southern European countries where the mosquito has recently dispersed. This situation warrants reinforced epidemiological surveillance and specific preparedness.

CDC-LogoThe Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released an updated travel notice for those going to the Caribbean islands on Thursday saying, “Travelers who go to these islands in the Caribbean are at risk of getting chikungunya.” Chikungunya is an illness caused by a virus that spreads through mosquito bites. The most common symptoms of chikungunya are fever and joint pain. Other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash.

West Nile Virus (WNV):

HindsCountyMSMississippi 02/10/14 Hinds County: Officials have confirmed the state’s first human case of WNV for 2014. Last year, 45 human cases of WNV were reported in the state, including five fatalities. – See http://www.wjtv.com/story/24681817/first-west-nile-virus-human-case-of-2014

 

Mexican Gray Wolves:

MW_Header_5Arizona & New Mexico 02/10/14 wmicentral.com: by Terence Corrigan – The population of Mexican gray wolves has reached its highest level since the reintroduction program released the first wolves 16 years ago near Alpine. The Interagency Field Team recently completed its annual count and determined that the minimum number of Mexican wolves is 83 –  43 in New Mexico and 37 in Arizona. The population of wolves in the wild has nearly doubled in the last four years. The count was 75 in January 2013, and 58 in 2012. In 2013, seven packs produced 17 pups that survived through December. The gain in wolf numbers was offset by seven deaths, four were killed illegally. The official number is expressed as the “minimum count” because it’s a number they’re sure of. It’s entirely likely that there are additional animals that were not seen. Preparation for the annual survey begins in September and October on the ground with field team members confirming locations of animals that are fitted with telemetry collars. In January the official count begins with an aerial telemetry survey from an airplane. The airplane survey is followed by a visual count from a helicopter.

r_gray_wolf_pups1The field team currently has a pair of wolves in a pen in the forest and plans to release them sometime in the early spring. There is also a pair being held in captivity that Fish and Wildlife plans to release this year. The management policy now is to release only a pair with newly born pups which tends to keep them near the release site. In the past newly released single animals have bolted from the release site and strayed far outside the boundaries where wolves are currently allowed to be. All of the wolves counted were born in the wild, which program personnel say bodes well for success. Wild born pups “seem to have what it takes to survive … and not get into trouble as relates to human interactions,” said Dr. Benjamin Tuggle, Southwest Regional Director of U.S. Fish and Wildlife. – For complete article see http://www.wmicentral.com/news/apache_county/wolf-population-increases-to/article_119b47ba-8f8c-11e3-bea4-001a4bcf887a.html

 Rabies:

striped-skunks-01_000Arizona 02/10/14 Pima and Santa Cruz counties: State officials have issued a Rabies Alert in two southern counties effective immediately. Thirteen skunks have tested positive for the virus in these areas. – See https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/?shva=1#inbox/14423701dbe07afc

Georgia 02/09/14 White County: A skunk that was in contact with a female dog and her litter of puppies has tested positive for rabies. The incident occurred in the 4700 block of Highway 254. An earlier case of the virus was reported last month just two blocks away. – See http://www.accessnorthga.com/detail.php?n=270963

OREGON’s wandering WOLF OR-7 takes day trip to CALIFORNIA ~ BLACK BEAR attacks reported in three eastern states ~ A fourth MULE DEER with CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE taken in NORTH DAKOTA ~ NEW MEXICO child dies of HANTAVIRUS ~ RABIES reports from GA, MD, NYx2 & RI.

Wikipedia photo.

Wikipedia photo.

California 12/10/13 Siskiyou County: OR-7, a 4-year-old wolf and native of Oregon that has traveled more than 3,000 miles since late 2011 unsuccessfully looking for a mate, took a day-trip into northern California over the weekend, but has now returned to the southern Cascades territory in Oregon that he seems to favor. A California Fish & Wildlife officer who has been following his GPS tracking signals said he appears to be following migrating deer and elk. – See http://www.mercurynews.com/california/ci_24696703/ore-wandering-wolf-or-7-takes-day-trip
Bear Attacks:
Florida 12/05/13 Seminole County: A 54-year-old woman walking her dogs in the Wingfield North section of Longwood on Dec. 2nd was seriously wounded when a black bear attacked without provocation or warning. The woman suffered severe lacerations to her face and head and was taken to Orlando Regional Medical Center. The dogs ran off but were later found and returned to their home. A bear has since been captured in the area and has been euthanized. – See http://www.inquisitr.com/1052743/florida-bear-captured-and-euthanized-following-attack/

Black bear. Courtesy Utah Division of Wildlife Resources.

Black bear. Courtesy Utah Division of Wildlife Resources.

Pennsylvania 12/10/13 Clinton County: An 18-year-old girl who was deer hunting with family members in Mill Hall on Dec. 9th accidentally found herself between a black bear sow and three cubs. The sow attacked leaving the girl with deep bite wounds to her arms and shoulders, and a deep laceration on her head before it was scared off by others in the hunting party. The girl underwent surgery at Geisenger Medical Center in Danville. – See http://www.wearecentralpa.com/story/teen-attacked-by-black-bear/d/story/gjJt1F3LakCEL7IdKScqsA
Virginia 12/11/13 Bedford County: A 32-year-old male hunting with dogs in the vicinity of Suck Mountain in Bedford was bitten on both arms by a black bear when he tried to intervene after his dogs confronted the bear. The terrain was steep and the hunter slipped, falling toward the bear. The incident was over quickly and the hunter drove himself to a hospital where he received about six stitches in each arm. A state game warden called the incident “provoked” and
said there’s no reason for public alarm. – See http://www.roanoke.com/news/2444761-12/bear-bites-bedford-county-hunter-after-dogs-confront.html
Chronic Wasting Disease:
mule deerNorth Dakota 12/09/13 Grant County: A mule deer shot by a hunter in the 3F2 hunting unit is the fourth deer to test positive for the chronic wasting disease in the past five years. Infected mule deer were killed in 2009, 2010, and 2011, all within a circular area with a diameter of about 15 miles. – See http://www.wday.com/event/article/id/91143/group/homepage/
Hantavirus:

Deer mouse. Common carrier of hantavirus.

Deer mouse. Common carrier of hantavirus.

New Mexico 12/10/13 McKinley County: A 12-year-old boy has become the third case of Hantavirus and second fatality in the state due to the disease this year. The deer mouse is the primary reservoir of the Hantavirus strain found in New Mexico – See http://www.kdbc.com/news/health/third-documented-hantavirus-case-new-mexico-2013
Rabies:
Vaccinating Your DogGeorgia 12/11/13 Liberty County: A Fleming family of four is being treated for potential exposure to rabies after their unvaccinated dog tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.wsav.com/story/24196887/liberty-county-dog-tests-positive-for-rabies
rabidcatMaryland 12/11/13 Frederick County: An adult, orange domestic short hair cat picked up on Dec. 8th as a stray reported to be acting aggressively has tested positive for rabies. The cat was found in the 500 block of East Church Street in the city of Frederick. Anyone in Frederick who has recently been in contact with a cat of this description should seek immediate medical advice. – See http://www.your4state.com/story/cat-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-frederick/d/story/1xaqkr0MrEmb3kwluD4M4Q
bobcat3WiscDNRNew York 12/11/13 Washington County: A bobcat that jumped on a woman at the door of her Adirondack home in Putnam has tested positive for rabies. The woman, 49, was bitten and scratched on her face, head, shoulder, arms and thigh. When the cat then made the mistake of going after a guest at the home, it was shot and killed. – See http://online.wsj.com/article/APf3aee2e749e54005b6edd92ddb985b37.html
111009110345_Raccoon3 - CopyNew York 12/11/13 Onondaga County: A raccoon that attacked a couple who were jogging on a Round Lake trail in Green Lakes State Park on Dec. 7th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/12/raccoon_that_attacked_manlius_couple_in_green_lakes_state_park_had_rabies_test_s.html
grayfoxRhode Island 12/11/13 Kent County: A dead gray fox found in a barn in the vicinity of Frenchtown and Tillinghast roads in the Frenchtown section of East Greenwich has tested positive for rabies. A fox presumed to be rabid attacked three people in this same area last month, but it’s unknown how long this fox has been dead or if it could be the same one responsible for the November attacks. An unvaccinated horse stabled in the barn has been quarantined. – See http://eastgreenwich.patch.com/groups/police-and-fire/p/fox-found-monday-tests-positive-for-rabies

Author’s Note: Sorry for the fortnight between posts. A new computer and move to a new office took more time than anticipated. JG

Officials increase reward after 6th RED WOLF found dead in NORTH CAROLINA ~ TEXAS now reporting 32 cases of DENGUE ~ WEST NILE VIRUS reports from TXx2 ~ RABIES reports from CT, FL, GA, MD, NJx2, NY, NCx2, VA, & WV.

Red wolf. Photos courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Red wolf. Photos courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

North Carolina 11/21/13 outerbanksvoice.com: by Rob Morris – Wildlife officials have discovered the body of a sixth red wolf killed in the past four weeks. The wolf, which was found Monday on private property north of Swan Quarter in Hyde County, had apparently been shot, according to a statement from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. A reward of up to $26,000 has been offered for information that leads to an arrest and conviction or civil penalties in the deaths, all of which occurred in Hyde, Washington and Tyrrell counties. Red wolves are listed as endangered and have been the focus of a recovery program at the Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge. Killing an endangered animal is a federal crime. All of the wolves killed wore radio tracking collars as part of the RedWolf.usfwsprogram. In one case, only a collar that had been cut off was found. The North Carolina Wildlife Federation, Red Wolf Coalition, Humane Society of the United States, and the Center for Biological Diversity have contributed to the reward fund. Fourteen red wolves have died this year. Three were hit by vehicles, one died from non-management related actions, one was undetermined but appeared to be the result of suspected illegal take and nine were confirmed or suspected gunshot deaths, the statement said. Maximum criminal penalties for an unlawful taking are one year imprisonment and $100,000 fine. – For original article and contact information see http://outerbanksvoice.com/2013/11/21/sixth-red-wolf-found-dead-reward-increased-to-26000/

Dengue Fever:

DENGUE ALERTTexas 11/21/13 Rio Grande Valley: State health officials have now confirmed 32 cases of Dengue in the region. There are 25 cases in Cameron County, six in Hidalgo County, and one in Willacy County. – See article and video at http://www.valleycentral.com/news/story.aspx?id=974728#.Uo_hXeIljM1

West Nile Virus (WNV):

Lampasas Cty.TXTexas 11/22/13 Lampasas County: State health officials have confirmed that a horse stabled in the county tested positive for WNV on November 5th. – See http://www.lampasasdispatchrecord.com/news/2013-11-22/Front_Page/West_Nile_virus_case_confirmed_in_local_horse.html

west_nile_texasTexas 11/19/13 Texas Dept of State Health Services:  Officials have confirmed 163 human cases of WNV, including 11 deaths, in Texas so far this year. For locations by county see http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/news/updates.shtm

Rabies:

image001skunkandcanineConnecticut 11/21/13 Windham County: Animal control officials in Plainfield have issued a Rabies Alert after a skunk that was killed by a dog in the vicinity of Lillbridge Road  on November 19th tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.norwichbulletin.com/article/20131121/NEWS/131129915/10283/NEWS

Florida 11/21/13 Volusia County: Health officials have issued a Rabies Alert for the western region of the county after two raccoons and a feral cat tested positive for the virus within the past two months. The alert is for a minimum of 60 days and its center includes the areas around DeLand, Orange City, and Deltona. – See http://www.myfoxorlando.com/story/24032609/rabies-alert-issued-for-west-volusia-county

raccoon_lgGeorgia 11/21/13 Columbia County: A raccoon that was killed by a vaccinated dog in the vicinity of Thoroughbred Way and Lewiston Road in Grovetown has tested positive for rabies. This is the 5th raccoon testing positive for the virus in the county this year. – See http://www.wjbf.com/story/24034076/5th-raccoon-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-columbia-county

Maryland 11/22/13 Anne Arundel County: A raccoon found in the 1000 block of Minnetonka Road in Severn on November 20th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.capitalgazette.com/news/arundel_digest/rabid-raccoon-found-in-severn/article_f2a8c08f-2dc3-57df-b216-aa46d6d6f2f1.html

5731289-very-cute-child-with-a-cat-in-armsNew Jersey 11/22/13 Middlesex County: A stray kitten found in the vicinity of Sayre Avenue and Convery Blvd. in Perth Amboy has tested positive for rabies. This is the 15th animal testing positive for the virus in the county this year. – See http://www.mycentraljersey.com/article/20131122/NJNEWS/311220033/Kitten-tested-positive-for-rabies-in-Perth-Amboy

0714Raccoon_Procyon_lotor_4New Jersey 11/21/13 Camden County: A raccoon found in Winslow Township on November 16th after it was reported acting aggressively in a resident’s yard has tested positive for rabies. – See http://philadelphia.cbslocal.com/2013/11/21/raccoon-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-camden-county/

New York 11/21/13 Staten Island: Health officials have issued a Rabies Alert for the Bloomingdale Park area in Rossville after two people were exposed to a feral cat on or before November 11th  that has since tested ab6ad025positive for the virus. Officials are now looking for other feral cats in the park so they can be safely removed to protect the public. – See http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/11/cat_with_rabies_found_in_bloom.html

North Carolina 11/22/13 Cleveland County: A cat that was reported to be displaying unusual behavior on property at 671 Skinner Road in Shelby on November 20th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.shelbystar.com/news/local/officials-cat-tests-positive-for-rabies-1.238635

Raccoon-SiedePreis-smNorth Carolina 11/22/13 Iredell County: A raccoon found in a pasture with cattle in the town of Olin has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.statesville.com/news/article_7b737c90-53b2-11e3-a8a0-001a4bcf6878.html

angry-foxVirginia 11/21/13 Richmond City Health District: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert for residents of South Richmond after a fox and a feral cat tested positive for the virus earlier this month. The fox was found in the 1800 block of Powell Road, and the stray cat in the nearby 5200 block of Troy Road. – See http://www.wric.com/story/24036112/rabies-positive-animals-found-in-south-richmond

imagesCAQVTCKPWest Virginia 11/22/13 Hancock County: A raccoon found in the vicinity of Cable Road in Weirton has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.weirtondailytimes.com/page/content.detail/id/606844/Case-of-rabies-confirmed.html?nav=5006

COLLARED: Politics and Personalities in Oregon’s Wolf Country, a new book about the impact of the WOLF’s return to OREGON ~ EEE & WNV reports from CA, CO, IL, IA, ME, NM, OK, TN, & TX ~ RABIES reports from AL, COx2, NJx3, NM, NY, NCx2, OH, SC, TXx2, & VA.

131004wolf-book330

Oregon 10/04/13 kval.com: by Mark Floyd – The reappearance of wolves in Oregon and the impact this apex predator has on people from ranchers to conservationists to attorneys is the subject of a new book by the Oregon State University Press. “Collared: Politics and Personalities in Oregon’s Wolf Country” was written by Aimee Lyn Eaton, a former science communicator at OSU who also has worked as a free-lance writer for the New York Times, National Geographic and other publications. Eaton describes her experience in seeing wolves first-hand, and meeting many Oregonians most affected by their return. She takes the reader to the State Capitol in Salem, to town hall meetings in rural northeastern Oregon and beyond. Tom Booth of the OSU Press said the book encourages “a deeper, multi-faceted understanding of the controversial and storied presence of wolves in Oregon.” Four events are scheduled for the author in Portland and Corvallis next week. – See http://www.kval.com/outdoors/Book-chronicles-wolfs-return-to-Oregon-226060011.html

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

San Bernadino Cty CACalifornia 10/05/13 San Bernardino County: Officials have confirmed the first WNV-related fatality this year. There have been six other WNV-related deaths in the state this year. = See http://www.inlandnewstoday.com/story.php?s=30639

Pueblo_County_COColorado 10/02/13 Pueblo County: Officials have confirmed three new human cases of WNV in the county in the past week bringing the total to four this year. – See http://www.fox21news.com/news/story.aspx?id=953888#.Uk436RDnC5d

Rock_Island_County_IllinoisIllinois 10/03/13 Rock Island County: Officials have confirmed that a horse stabled in the county has tested positive for WNV. – See http://qctimes.com/news/local/horse-tests-positive-for-west-nile-virus-in-rock-island/article_a358b383-2c71-5ae1-bccb-12862baea9f6.html

map_of_sioux_city_iaIowa 10/03/13 Plymouth and Woodbury counties: A Mercy Medical Center-Sioux City official confirmed that four human cases of neuro-invasive WNV are currently being treated. Six human cases of WNV have been treated at the center so far this year. One patient died. State officials say 26 human cases of WNV have been reported in the state this year. – See http://www.sacbee.com/2013/10/03/5790761/sioux-city-hospital-treating-4.html

Somerset_County.MEMaine 10/01/13 Somerset County: Town officials have confirmed that a horse testing positive for EEE died in Fairfield. So far this year, three horses and an emu have died of the virus statewide, most in the southern tier of the state. – See http://www.pressherald.com/news/EEE_kills_horse_in_Fairfield__Maine_.html

NM_image_miniNew Mexico 10/04/13 NM Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed that ten new human cases of WNV have been reported in the state, bringing the statewide total to 20 cases this year. August and September are peak times for West Nile cases in New Mexico though infectious mosquitoes can be present until the first hard frost. A horse from Otero County also tested positive for West Nile Virus infection. The new cases are in Bernalillo, Curry, Lea, Quay, Roosevelt, and San Juan counties. – See http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20131004-WestNile-EN.pdf

07cd7361057a7994e7e590e1fb0d3868ed6ff5ad-1Oklahoma 10/04/13 tulsaworld.com: Officials have confirmed three more fatal human cases of WNV, two in Oklahoma County and one in Ellis County, bringing the state’s total number of WNV-related deaths this year to five. Statewide, 38 people have tested positive for the virus, with 25 hospitalized, in 2013. – See http://www.tulsaworld.com/news/three-more-oklahomans-die-from-west-nile-virus/article_e3c9dc50-55e9-5a40-b0a6-90d3a57ed039.html

Rutherford_County.TNTennessee 10/03/13 Rutherford County: A Murfreesboro man, 82, has been hospitalized and is in an intensive care unit after being diagnosed with WNV. At least 12 other human cases of WNV have been reported in the state so far this year. – See http://www.dnj.com/article/20131003/NEWS/310030004/West-Nile-virus-strikes-Boro-man?nclick_check=1

Lubbock_County_TXTexas 10/04/13 Lubbock County: Officials have confirmed a WNV-related fatality in the City of Lubbock reported recently is the first death tied to the virus this year. The victim lived in ZIP code 79424. – See http://www.myfoxlubbock.com/news/local/story/West-Nile-Virus-Lubbock/XHHDHM0ngEOuLVv6MjeiAg.cspx

Rabies:

337278_koshka_kot_rebenok_ditya_devochka_kosichka_ulybka_2990x2170_(www.GdeFon.ru)Alabama 10/03/13 Henry County: A stray cat that Abbeville residents said was “acting strangely” has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wtvy.com/news/headlines/Cat-Found-With-Rabies-in-Abbeville-226374871.html

injured.bat23300f8Colorado 10/04/13 Weld County: Two University of Northern Colorado students are receiving post-exposure rabies treatment after rescuing an injured bat in their dorm room that later tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.sacbee.com/2013/10/04/5794530/unc-students-get-rabies-shots.html

wood-farm1Colorado 10/02/13 Weld County: A stray cat that bit a man working on a backyard fence in the vicinity of the Platteville Elementary School in Platteville has tested positive for rabies. – See http://kdvr.com/2013/10/02/rabid-cat-bits-man-in-platteville-near-elementary-school/

havahart-skunk_120New Jersey 10/04/13 Cumberland County: A skunk killed by a dog last Friday in the area of Lincoln and Sherman avenues in Vineland has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.nbc40.net/story/23613154/second-case-of-rabies-confirmed-this-week-in-vineland

GE DIGITAL CAMERANew Jersey 10/02/13 Camden County: A bat removed from a home in the Blackwood section of Gloucester Township on September 30th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.nj.com/camden/index.ssf/2013/10/bat_found_in_gloucester_township_home_tests_positive_for_rabies.html

111009110345_Raccoon3 - CopyNew Jersey 10/02/13 Salem County: A raccoon that fought with a vaccinated dog in a Pittsgrove Township resident’s backyard on September 20th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.nj.com/salem/index.ssf/2013/10/salem_county_health_department_confirms_sixth_rabies_case_of_2013.html

New Mexico 10/03/13 Bernalillo County: Six students at Polk Middle School in Albuquerque are being treated for potential exposure to rabies after they were found playing with a bat that tested positive for the virus. – See injured.bat4968fohttp://www.kasa.com/news/local/aps-students-given-rabies-vaccine

New York 10/02/13 Suffolk County: A third grade student at Nokomis Elementary School in Holbrook is being treated for potential exposure to rabies as a precaution after a bat bit her on the arm in the girls lavatory. The bat was not captured. – See http://newyork.cbslocal.com/2013/10/02/l-i-mother-concerned-angry-following-daughters-run-in-with-bat/

5731289-very-cute-child-with-a-cat-in-armsNorth Carolina 10/03/13 Cumberland County: A stray cat found dead on Tom Starling Road in Gray’s Creek is being treated as a case of rabies because it bit a man on Hall Park Road this past Sunday. Tests were inconclusive due to the cat’s state of decomposition. – See http://www.fayobserver.com/articles/2013/10/03/1287188?sac=fo.local

angry%20racNorth Carolina 10/01/13 Cumberland County: Officials have issued a Rabies Alert after a raccoon that was killed by two stray dogs tested positive for the virus. The raccoon was found on Billy Joe Lane in Linden, off Honeybee and Colliers Chapel roads on September 28th. Two stray dogs were earlier seen fighting with the raccoon. Officials have no description of the stray dogs. – See http://www.wncn.com/story/23579541/stray-dogs-exposed-to-rabies-after-killing-raccoon-in-cumberland-co

Ohio 10/03/13 Medina County: A bat found in a Brunswick home on September 26th  has tested positive for rabies. – See http://fox8.com/2013/10bat78d65d0/03/another-rabid-bat-found-1-person-exposed/

South Carolina 10/03/13 Charleston County: Three adult residents of the City of Charleston are receiving post exposure rabies treatment as a precaution after being exposed to a bat that tested positive for the virus. – See http://www.postandcourier.com/article/20131003/PC16/131009805/1009/three-people-in-charleston-exposed-to-rabid-bat&source=RSS

Texas 10/03/13 Gray County: A dead bat found in an unoccupied barn on the southeast corner of Pampa has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.thepampanews.com/news/article_0955de2a-2c73-11e3-a22f-0019bb30f31a.html

skunk245mn2Texas 10/02/13 Collin and Denton counties: A skunk killed by a Frisco resident’s vaccinated dogs in the vicinity of Panther Creek Parkway and Farm-to-Market 423 late last month has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.nbcdfw.com/news/local/Rabid-Skunk-Found-in-Frisco-Backyard-226207771.html

1426663Virginia 10/04/13 Newport News: Peninsula Health District officials have confirmed that a  raccoon killed by a dog in the vicinity of Colony and Marlboro roads has tested positive for rabies. – See http://hamptonroads.com/2013/10/dog-kills-rabid-raccoon-newport-news

Hunter from INDIANA is fifth victim of BEAR attack in GREATER YELLOWSTONE this year ~ Videographer captures WOLF PACK attacking BLACK BEAR in WYOMING ~ FLORIDA now reporting 18 DENGUE cases ~ EEE & WNV reports from CA, CO, IL, ME, MA, MI, MT, NH, NJ, NY, NC, PA, TX, VT, & VAx2 ~ RABIES reports from GA, ID, IL, KS, TXx2, & VA.

Photo: Bing free use license.

Photo: Bing free use license.

Wyoming 09/14/13 jhnewsandguide.com: by Emma Breysse – A grizzly bear mauled a hunter from Lafayette, Ind., on Thursday in the Teton Wilderness. David Goodrich, 50, suffered a broken femur and puncture wounds to the abdomen in the attack, said Teton County Undersheriff Bob Gilliam. Karen Connelly, spokeswoman for St. John’s Medical Center, said he nevertheless was listed in good condition. Goodrich’s companion and hunting guide called in the attack at about 9 a.m., and Teton County Search and Rescue team members flew into the area on the Teton Interagency helicopter to retrieve the two men, according to the Search and Rescue mission report.

335_Teton_Wild_lgSearch and Rescue reports give the following narrative. Goodrich and his guide were hunting in the Wolverine Creek area when a grizzly came out of the brush onto the trail. One or both of the men started running, and the bear gave chase, catching Goodrich, who broke his leg trying to escape. The abdominal punctures were attributed to bear bites. As the bear attacked Goodrich, the guide shot at it four times, causing it to run away. The bear was gone by the time rescuers arrived. Search and Rescue volunteers flew Goodrich to Flagg Ranch on the John D. Rockefeller Jr. Memorial Parkway, where a national park ambulance took him to St. John’s Medical Center. The guide was not injured during the incident.

hope_lake_WYgame&fishRepresentatives of the U.S. Forest Service and Wyoming Game and Fish Department refused to release more details either of the incident or of the fate of the bear because the matter is “under investigation,” officials said. Both agencies did confirm a human injury due to grizzly attack. Thursday’s incident is the fifth bear attack reported in the Greater Yellowstone area this year. – For complete article see http://www.jhnewsandguide.com/article.php?art_id=10281

wolf & bear.sciencefield notebooks. wikispaces.Wyoming 09/13/13 outdoorlife.com: Though they certainly have been documented, instances of bear versus wolf encounters seem exceptional. To actually capture the face-off on video is rarer still. Although the videographer believes he is taping a grizzly/wolf pack attack in the Grand Teton National Park in Wyoming, it’s most certainly a black bear—a black bear that wants no part of these wolves. See video at http://www.outdoorlife.com/blogs/newshound/2013/09/wolves-attack-black-bear-wyoming

Dengue Fever:

dengue-fever-reaches-floridaFlorida 09/12/13 FL Dept of Health: Officials today confirmed three additional cases of dengue fever, bringing the total to 18 locally acquired cases in the Rio and Jensen Beach area. Of the cases, 11 are Martin County residents, two non-Florida residents, one Palm Beach resident and four St. Lucie residents who visited Martin County. – See http://www.martincountyhealth.com/Documents/2013PressReleases/DengueSurvey9-12-2013Final.pdf

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

Tulare_County.CACalifornia 09/13/13 Tulare County: Officials have confirmed two human cases of WNV in the past ten days. Both patients were hospitalized. – See http://www.mercedsunstar.com/2013/09/13/3220232/2-hospitalized-with-west-nile.html

Adams_County.COColorado 09/12/13 Adams County: Tri-County Health officials have confirmed a 53-year-old county resident died on August 27th of WNV. This is the first WNV-related death in the metro-Denver area this year. – See http://www.ourcoloradonews.com/thornton/news/adams-county-resident-dies-of-west-nile-virus/article_dc9f80cb-5f7c-5aba-af79-141eed75e3c2.html

Logan_County.ILIllinois 09/14/13 Logan County: State public health officials have confirmed the first WNV-related fatality in the state this year is an elderly male resident of the county who died in mid-August. – See http://www.charlotteobserver.com/2013/09/13/4311368/1st-west-nile-virus-death-reported.html#.UjUniz_nC5c

OxfordCty.MEMaine 09/11/13 Oxford County: State officials have confirmed that a horse stabled in the county was euthanized last week after contracting EEE. – See http://www.sunjournal.com/news/oxford-hills/2013/09/12/oxford-county-horse-put-down-eee-virus/1421983

suffolk cty MAMassachusetts 09/13/13 Suffolk County: Officials have confirmed that a Boston-area woman is the third human case of WNV in the state this summer. Health officials said in August that a Norfolk County man in his 30s and a Plymouth County man in his 70s had the illness. – See http://www.sacbee.com/2013/09/13/5734212/3rd-case-of-west-nile-virus-case.html

Van_Buren_County.MIMichigan 09/13/13 Van Buren County: Officials have confirmed that a horse stabled in Paw Paw has died after contracting EEE. – See http://wwmt.com/template/cgi-bin/archived.pl?type=basic&file=/shared/news/features/top-stories/stories/archive/2013/08/6N5BQhCv.xml#.UjPTvj_nC5c

MT_dphhs_logoMontana 09/05/13 MT Dept of Health: A female resident of Yellowstone County has tested positive for WNV at a Billings hospital. This is the first human case of WNV in the state this year. – See http://www.dphhs.mt.gov/newsevents/newsreleases2013/september/westnile.shtml

Rockingham_County_NHNew Hampshire 09/12/13 NH Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed a horse stabled in Derry, a town in Rockingham County, has tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.dhhs.nh.gov/media/pr/2013/09-sept/09122013eee.htm

19New Jersey 09/03/13 NJ Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed that two New Jersey residents have died of complications related to WNV. A 78-year-old Gloucester County woman developed fever, blurred vision, weakness and diarrhea in mid-August, was hospitalized and died on August 24. A 92-year-old man from Morris County developed fever and muscle weakness in mid-August, was admitted to the hospital with encephalitis (swelling of the brain) and died on August 31. Six New Jersey residents have tested positive for WNV: One each in Bergen, Burlington, Gloucester and Morris counties and two in Camden County. All counties except Cumberland and Salem have detected WNV activity in mosquitoes. – See http://www.state.nj.us/health/news/2013/approved/20130903b.html

ChautauquaCty_NYNew York 09/13/13 Chautauqua County: Officials have confirmed the first state and county case ever of EEE in a privately owned horse in the town of Kiantone. – See http://post-journal.com/page/content.detail/id/628160/Horse-Succumbs-To-EEE-In-Kiantone.html?nav=5192

penderCty.NCNorth Carolina 09/13/13 Pender County: Officials have confirmed three horses stabled  in the county have died from EEE. – See http://www.wwaytv3.com/2013/09/13/three-horses-dead-from-eee-pender-county

bucks cty PAPennsylvania 09/13/13 Bucks County: Officials have confirmed the first WNV-related fatality in the state this year. The death of a male resident of Bucks County was reported today. There are six other human cases of WNV reported in the state including Delaware (2), York (2) and Montgomery (1) counties, and Philadelphia (1). – See http://www.post-gazette.com/stories/local/state/pennsylvania-reports-frist-west-nile-virus-death-of-2013-703235/

dallas cty TXTexas 09/10/13 Dallas County: Health officials have confirmed that an Oak Cliff resident with WNV has died. The patient lived in ZIP code 75224 and was diagnosed with the neuro-invasive form of the virus. This is the first WNV-related fatality in the county this year. – See http://www.nbcdfw.com/news/health/Dallas-County-Reports-First-West-Nile-Virus-Death-223193051.html

Franklin_County.VTVermont 09/09/13 VT Agency of Agriculture: Officials have confirmed that a second horse stabled in Franklin County has tested positive for EEE. The earlier incident was at a separate property. – See http://agriculture.vermont.gov/news/pr_franklin_county_horses_test_positive_eastern_equine_encephalitis

Russell_County.VAVirginia 09/12/13 VA Dept of Agriculture: Officials have confirmed a horse stabled in Russell County has tested positive for WNV. The horse was vaccinated for the virus just two weeks prior to becoming ill, but it had recently moved from another state and may have been exposed to the virus prior to arriving in Virginia. – See http://www.vdacs.virginia.gov/news/releases-b/091213wnv.shtml

prince_george_county_virginiaVirginia 09/09/13 VA Dept of Agriculture: Officials have confirmed a seven-year-old Paint gelding stabled in Disputanta in Prince George County tested positive for EEE and has been euthanized. The horse moved from Mississippi three months ago but the virus was contracted in Virginia. – See http://www.vdacs.virginia.gov/news/releases-b/090913eee.shtml

Rabies:

bats8773400gGeorgia 09/13/13 Chattahoochee County: A bat allegedly being played with by a little girl when it was found at Fort Benning has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.wtvm.com/story/23417585/community-concerned-after-rabid-bat-found-at-ft-benning

batnewscientist884909Idaho 09/12/13 ID North Central District Public Health: Officials have confirmed another bat found in Idaho County has tested positive for rabies. This is the 4th rabid bat in the district, the 3rd in the county, and the 21st in the state reported this year. – See http://www.idahopublichealth.com/files/media-releases/2013/2013-09-12-Rabid-Bats-Idaho-County.pdf

bat49948567fIllinois 09/12/13 Cook County: A bat found near 123rd and Fox Lane in Palos Park has tested positive for rabies. – See http://palos.patch.com/groups/police-and-fire/p/rabid-bat-found-in-palos-park

puppy.rabiesKansas 09/13/13 Butler County: A puppy owned by a family living near El Dorado has tested positive for rabies. The family said the blue heeler puppy came from another area and they were told the litter was sprayed by a skunk but had not been in contact with it. – See http://www.kwch.com/news/news-adk-kwch-rabid-puppy-discovered-in-butler-county-20130912,0,137940.story

batTexas 09/12/13 Smith County: A bat found near the 7100 block of Cherryhill Drive in Tyler has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.tylerpaper.com/TP-News+Local/185770/bat-tested-positive-for-rabies-is-first-case-this-year#.UjFgAj_nC5c

Texas 09/11/13 Taylor and Jones counties: A skunk found off Hartford Street in the Elm Creek area on the southwest side of Abilene has tested positive for rabies. This is the fourth rabid skunk found in the city this year. – See http://www.reporternews.com/news/2013/sep/11/fourth-rabies-case-confirmed-on-abilene-side/

Skunk99868d89Virginia 09/13/13 Williamsburg: A skunk found in the vicinity of Eaglescliffe Drive of the Ford’s Colony subdivision has tested positive for rabies. See http://www.wavy.com/news/local/skunk-tests-positive-for-rabies

CANADIAN’s cellphone helps him survive POLAR BEAR attack ~ FOLLOW-UP: OREGON celebrity WOLF OR-7 may have found a home ~ 2nd case of BUBONIC PLAGUE found in NEW MEXICAN girl ~ WNV reports from MS, NH, NM, OK, SD, & TX ~ RABIES reports from CA, FL, MD, & CANADA: ONTARIO.

Courtesy National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration.

Courtesy National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration.

Canada:

Manitoba 09/09/13 Northern Region: A man who used his cellphone to scare off a 180-kilogram polar bear says he’s lucky to be alive with only a few superficial puncture wounds and scratches. Garett Kolsun was walking home early Saturday morning in the Hudson Bay community of Churchill, Man. – known as the polar bear capital of the world – after celebrating the end of the work week with friends. He said he caught something out of the corner of his eye while he walked down the town’s main drag. “I turned and looked, and it was a polar bear charging toward me,” Mr. Kolsun, 40, said in an interview Monday. “I started running from it, looking for some place to go and get away from this bear.” Businesses in the town of about 1,000 were all closed, so Mr. Kolsun had nowhere to hide. “I stopped and I turned around to face the bear,” he said. “It was already there, right on top of me. I started shouting, yelling, screaming, waving my arms, running backwards to keep my eye on the bear.”

church_map-2-300Mr. Kolsun said he ended up trapped on the porch of a bakery with the bear he believes was still young because of its size. It pinned him against the door and swiped at him with his paw. The bruin, which stood about 1 1/2 metres tall, also sank his teeth into Mr. Kolsun’s hip, although he says that, at the time, he didn’t even realize the bear had punctured his skin. “The bear’s nose was inches away from me. I didn’t know where else to go. I was just [thinking], ‘What can I do to get away from this bear?’ That’s all I kept thinking about. I didn’t want to be a stat.” Mr. Kolsun fished into his pocket and pulled out his cellphone. He turned the power on and turned the screen toward the bear. “I was hoping anything I would do would give me an opportunity to get away from it,” he explained. “I was trying anything at that point. I was screaming, yelling, waving my arms, trying everything and it just kept chasing me and chasing me. I was just hoping for the best and, luckily, it worked.” The lit screen startled the bear briefly and it took a step back, Mr. Kolsun said. It hit a flower pot on the porch and looked away for an instant. “When it turned its head,” he said, “I just turned and ran as fast as I could.”

Churchill, Manitoba.

Churchill, Manitoba.

Mr. Kolsun said he ran several blocks, looking for a home with its lights on. He saw some people sitting on a deck and ran to them. When he turned around, the polar bear was gone. “The bear had stopped chasing me some place along the way there,” he said. Mr. Kolsun took a cab to the health centre where staff cleaned his wounds, bandaged them and gave him a tetanus shot. He was released several hours later. – For complete article see http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/how-this-mans-cellphone-saved-him-during-polar-bear-attack/article14198647/?cmpid=rss1

Follow-Up:

Wolf:

(See Celebrity GRAY WOLF OR-7 returns to OREGON posted March 17, 2013)

Gray wolf. Photo by Ashley McPherson. Wikimedia Commons. Image not of OR-7.

Gray wolf. Photo by Ashley McPherson. Wikimedia Commons. Image not of OR-7.

Oregon 09/09/13 opb.org:by Geoff Norcross – The wolf known as “OR-7” appears to have found a home. The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife says the wandering gray wolf has spent the summer in Southeast Jackson County and Southwest Klamath County. “What that tells you is, I think, he’s found some good habitat,” says Michelle Dennehy, Wildlife Communications Coordinator for ODFW. It’s a rare bit of stability for a wolf whose travels have caught the imagination of at least two states. In September of 2011, OR-7 left the Imnaha Pack in Northeast Oregon and wandered hundreds of miles across the Cascades, becoming the first confirmed wolf sighted west of the mountains since 1937. He’s been roaming around Southern Oregon and Northern California ever since. Officials believe OR-7 came to the region to find a mate. There’s no evidence he’s been successful. But he’s young – nearly 3.5 years old – and he may not be alone. Dennehy says, “Where there’s one wolf, there’s another.” “Of course, everyone would like to see OR-7 mate,” she says. “And you know what? It could happen.” – For photo slideshow and original article see http://www.opb.org/news/article/wandering-wolf-or-7-appears-to-have-found-a-home/

Bubonic Plague:

rodents&fleacarriersNew Mexico 09/10/13 NM Dept of Health: Officials announced today a probable case of plague in an 11-year-old girl from Torrance County. Preliminary test results at the Department’s Scientific Laboratory Division were positive. Confirmatory testing is pending. This is the second human case of plague in New Mexico and in the United States this year. An environmental investigation will take place at the girl’s home to look for ongoing risk to others in the surrounding area. “Everyone needs to avoid sick or dead rodents and rabbits, and their nests and burrows,” said Department of Health Secretary Retta Ward, MPH. “Families should also talk to their veterinarian about an appropriate flea product for their pets” Plague is a bacterial disease of rodents and is generally transmitted to humans through the bites of infected fleas, but can also be transmitted by direct contact with infected animals, including rodents, wildlife and pets. – For complete news release see http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20130910-HumanPlague-EN.pdf

West Nile Virus (WNV):

MS_71058_121809421211160_5406251_nMississippi 09/09/13 MS Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed four new human cases of WNV for 2013. The reported cases are in Hinds (2), Lamar, and Rankin counties, bringing the state total for 2013 to 27 cases, including one death. So far this year, cases have been reported in Bolivar, Forrest (3), Hinds (9), Jones, Lamar (3), Leflore (2), Lincoln, Lowndes, Madison, Marion, Rankin (3) and Wayne counties. – See http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/_static/23,14263,341.html

nh-medicaidNew Hampshire 09/10/13 NH Dept of Health: Officials have announced the first human case of WNV this season in an adult from Chesterfield who is in recovery. – See http://www.dhhs.nh.gov/media/pr/2013/09-sept/09102013westnile.htm

NM_image_miniNew Mexico 09/06/13 NM Dept of Health: Officials have confirmed that an 84-year-old woman from San Juan County has died from WNV infection. This is the second death due to WNV in New Mexico in 2013. The woman had encephalitis, the more severe clinical form of the disease. – See http://www.health.state.nm.us/CommunicationsOffice/2013%20News%20Releases/NMDOH-PressRelease-20130906-WestNile-EN.pdf

OK_State_Health_Department_logoOklahoma 09/05/13 OCCHD: Officials have confirmed one death in Oklahoma County due to a WNV infection. The death occurred in an individual over 70-years-old. Three other human cases of WNV in the county have been confirmed as well. – See https://www.occhd.org/articles/occhd-confirms-west-nile-virus-death

SouthDakotaDOHSouth Dakota 09/09/13 SD Dept of Health: 87 human cases of WNV disease, including 2 deaths, have been reported in the following counties:  Brown 17, Beadle 5, Brookings 5, Hughes 5, Spink 5, Brule 3, Charles Mix 3, Davison 3, Day 3, Minnehaha 3, Buffalo 2, Clark 2, Codington 2, Corson 2, Faulk 2, Jones 2, Meade 2, Pennington 2, Sanborn 2 and 1 case each in Butte, Dewey, Edmunds, Jackson, Jerauld, Lawrence, Lincoln, Lyman, Marshall, McPherson, Mellette, Miner, Moody, Tripp, Turner, Walworth, Yankton. – See http://doh.sd.gov/documents/diseases/infectious/WNVupdate.pdf

TX-DSHS_Logo2Texas 09/10/13 TX Dept of Health: As of this date the state web site confirms 31 human cases of WNV in 18 counties including Anderson, Angelina, Carson, Coke, Collin-3, Dallas-4, Denton, El Paso-3, Floyd, Glasscock, Guadalupe, Howard-4, Jefferson, Johnson, Lubbock, Montgomery-2, Nueces, Stephens, and Tarrant-2. There have been no WNV-related fatalities reported so far this year. – See http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/idcu/disease/arboviral/westNile/

Rabies:

neverbarehandedsmCalifornia 09/10/13 Orange County: A bat found on the ground at shelter #7 in Laguna Niguel Regional Park on September 7th has tested positive for rabies. Anyone who had recent contact with a bat in that vicinity is advised to seek immediate medical advice. – See http://www.oc-breeze.com/2013/09/10/38721_bat-found-at-laguna-niguel-regional-park-tests-positive-for-rabies/

Not an image of the kitten referred to in this article.

Not an image of the kitten referred to in this article.

Florida 09/09/13 Palm Beach County: A stray kitten found near Lake Park in the 9000 block of Old Dixie Highway has tested positive for rabies. The kitten had bite wounds and was taken in by a rescue person but later it became ill and died. The care giver has begun a series of post-exposure rabies shots. – See http://www.wbzt.com/articles/1290-wjno-local-news-wire-120981/health-dept-rabies-confirmed-in-lake-11636751/

HELP (2)Maryland 09/09/13 Frederick County: Frederick County Animal Control is looking for the owner of a dog that bit a five-year-old child on Saturday morning. Officials say the incident occurred inside the Home Depot store on McCain Drive in Frederick at around 11:40 AM. The unidentified black and tan German Shepherd was inside the store with its male owner. Anyone who has information on this dog and its owner is asked to call Frederick County Animal Control at 301-600-1717, or 301-600-1544. – See http://www.wfmd.com/pages/localnews2.html?feed=119935&article=11638339

Canada:

2e236ffb436644c2OntarioOntario 09/09/13 ON Ministry of Natural Resources: Ontario is continuing one of the most successful rabies eradication programs in North America by distributing 255,000 baits containing rabies vaccine this summer. The vaccine will control the spread of rabies in skunks and foxes and help continue to keep Ontario raccoons free of rabies. The baits will be distributed throughout southwestern Ontario; in the Niagara region between Welland Canal and Niagara River, including Navy Island; in Brockville, on Wolfe, Howe, Simcoe, and Hill islands in St. Lawrence River; as well as small areas on the mainland near Prescott and Ivy Lea. The flavoured baits immunize most skunks, foxes and raccoons that eat them. – For complete release see http://news.ontario.ca/mnr/en/2013/08/rabies-vaccine-bait-drop-protects-ontarians-2.html

FOLLOW-UP REPORT: WOLF that attacked camper in MINNESOTA had abnormalities ~ FLORIDA now confirms 8 human cases of DENGUE FEVER ~ HANTAVIRUS reports from CALIFORNIA & CANADA: ALBERTA ~ EEE & WNV reports from CT, MA, NY, & CANADA: ONTARIO ~ RABIES reports from IL, MD, NJ, NC, & WV.

Photo courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Photo courtesy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

 

Follow-Up Report:

(See – MINNESOTA teenager attacked by WOLF – posted August 28, 2013)

MI-DNRMinnesota 08/27/13 MN Public Radio: The wolf that was the likely culprit in an attack on a teenager in northern Minnesota had abnormalities in its jaw that would have made it difficult to capture and kill prey, state officials said. The 75-pound wolf was captured and killed on Monday morning following the attack early Saturday morning at the West Winnie Campground on the shores of Lake Winnibigoshish. The animal is being tested for rabies, and officials hope to confirm that it was the wolf that bit the 16-year-old boy, said Tom Provost, regional manager of the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources’ enforcement division. The boy was treated for a cut on his head and puncture wounds on his face. Provost said that the wolf’s jaw was deformed, and it was missing one if its primary canine teeth. “There is a thought that if it was the offending animal, that it was struggling to feed itself in the normal wolf manner,” Provost said. “It would have really struggled with capturing and killing prey.”

mpr_logoSuch a wolf might also have been rejected by its pack, Provost said. The wolf that was captured was likely an opportunistic feeder — initial analysis of the wolf’s gut showed it had eaten fish that had likely washed up on the lake’s shoreline, he said. “This gentleman was laying right next to the shoreline,” Provost said. “We’re thinking right now that if this was the offending animal, he was reacting in an opportunistic manner.” The attack was the first documented wolf attack ever in the state, the DNR said. Provost said the attack was unprovoked, but in general DNR officials recommend people secure food that might attract bears, wolves and other wildlife. “It likely associated the campground with the opportunity to grab a free meal,” Provost said. – Reported online at http://minnesota.publicradio.org/display/web/2013/08/27/environment/dnr-wolf-that-likely-attacked-teen-had-abnormalities

norabiesMinnesota 08/29/13 MN Dept of Natural Resources: A gray wolf that wildlife experts suspect bit a 16-year-old boy during  the early hours of Aug. 24 at the U.S. Forest Service West Winnie Campground at Lake Winnibigoshish has tested negative for rabies. – See http://news.dnr.state.mn.us/2013/08/29/wolf-believed-to-have-bitten-teen-tests-negative-for-rabies/#more-12972

Dengue Fever:

indexv889v6Florida 08/27/13 FL Dept of Health: Officials have now confirmed a total of eight human cases of Dengue Fever, with seven cases located in Martin County and one case in Miami-Dade County. – For complete release and precautions see http://newsroom.doh.state.fl.us/wp-content/uploads/newsroom/2013/05/082713DENGUEFEVER.pdf

Hantavirus:

imagesCAWMH0VUCalifornia 08/28/13 Inyo County: A 14-year-old male resident of Bishop has been diagnosed with Hantavirus and transported by LifeLine to UC Davis Children’s Hospital where he is recovering. His father said physicians resorted to a special heart and lung machine reserved for the most critical cases but managed to pull the boy through. The boy’s mother believes her son might have contracted the disease while exploring a mining cave near their home. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is a respiratory illness that comes from contact with the feces, saliva or urine of rodents. – See http://www.mercedsunstar.com/2013/08/28/3189637/bishop-teen-survives-rare-hantavirus.html

Canada:

Deer mouse. Common carrier of hantavirus.

Deer mouse. Common carrier of hantavirus.

Alberta 08/27/13 AL Health Services: Following confirmation of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome in an individual from a rural community in Central Zone, Alberta Health Services is advising area residents, and all Albertans, to take simple precautions to protect themselves. “Because humans can be exposed to Hantavirus when the urine or feces of an infected rodent – such as a mouse – become airborne, anyone who disturbs areas of mice or mice droppings can be at risk,” says Dr. Ifeoma Achebe, Medical Officer of Health – Central Zone. – See http://www.albertahealthservices.ca/8939.asp

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

DPH-Color_biggerConnecticut 08/29/13 CT Dept of Public Health: Officials announced today that a Stratford resident between 60-69 years of age is the first human case of WNV in the state this year. – See http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?a=4386&Q=531052   08/30/13 Mosquitoes trapped in Hampton on August 26th have tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?A=4386&Q=531158

MA_220px-MADPH_LogoMassachusetts 08/28/13 MA Dept of Health: Officials have announced the second human case of WNV in the state this year. The man is a resident of Norfolk County in his 30s diagnosed late this month. He was hospitalized, but has since been discharged. – See http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/gov/newsroom/press-releases/dph/second-human-case-of-west-nile-virus-announced.html    08/29/13 The threat level for EEE has been raised to “High” in four communities including Easton, Raynham, Taunton, and West Bridgewater. – See http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/gov/newsroom/press-releases/dph/eee-risk-level-4-communities.html

mq1MCHD354k4New York 08/27/13 Madison County: Health officials announced today that a pool of mosquitoes trapped on Moore Road in Sullivan have tested positive for EEE. Two pools of mosquitoes trapped in the same Black Creek area tested positive for WNV earlier this month. – See http://www.healthymadisoncounty.org/linkeddocs/newsarchive/2013/35-13eee1st.pdf

Canada:

Z.SIMCOE.Cty.CANADAOntario 08/28/13 Simcoe County: Officials have confirmed a horse that had an incomplete vaccination history has tested positive for EEE. – See http://www.standardbredcanada.ca/notices/8-28-13/eee-confirmed-ontario.html

 

Rabies:

Cat-and-BatIllinois 08/28/13 Cook County: A bat brought to a home in the 16400 block of Beverly Avenue in Tinley Park by a family pet cat has tested positive for rabies. – See http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2013-08-28/news/ct-tl-0905-s-tinley-park-bat-discovered-20130828_1_rabid-pat-carr-rabies-control

rabidcatMaryland 08/28/13 Washington County: A kitten found in the Greenwich Drive area of the Sterling Oaks Development in Williamsport has tested positive for rabies. The kitten is described as all black with no stripes or other distinguishing markings. Based on the size of the kitten, it was considered to be approximately 6 to 7 months old, the health department said. Anyone who may have had contact with this kitten should immediately seek medical advice. – See http://www.herald-mail.com/news/local/hm-kitten-found-in-williamsport-tests-positive-for-rabies-20130828,0,729460.story

imagesCA2WR1SQNew Jersey 08/29/13 Camden County: A skunk killed by a vaccinated dog in Cherry Hill on August 25th has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.nj.com/camden/index.ssf/2013/08/skunk_found_in_cherry_hill_tests_positive_for_rabies.html

BatsNetcoreCanadaNorth Carolina 08/28/13 Cumberland County: Two more bats picked up in Fayetteville have tested positive for rabies. One was found in the 7100 block of Riddle Road, off Yarborough Road, and the other at Melvin Place, off Rosehill Road, where two dead bats tested positive for the virus last month. – See http://www.wral.com/two-more-bats-test-positive-for-rabies-in-cumberland-county/12823727/

West-virginia-county-mapWest Virginia 08/28/13 wboy.com: by Andrew Clay – The U.S. Department of Agriculture has started conducting a bait drop of oral rabies vaccines across much of the state. The involved WV counties may include, Barbour, Braxton, Brooke, Doddridge, Fayette, Greenbrier, Hancock, Harrison, Lewis, Marion, Marshall, McDowell, Mercer, Monroe, Nicholas, Ohio, Pocahontas, Raleigh, Randolph, Ritchie, Summers, Taylor, Tyler, Upshur, Webster, Wetzel and Wyoming. – See http://www.wboy.com/story/23280038/usda-conducting-bait-drop-of-oral-rabies-vaccines-in-local-areas

MINNESOTA teenager attacked by WOLF ~ MISSOURI to hold public meetings to discuss CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE ~ OHIO resident hospitalized with LA CROSSE ENCEPHALITIS ~ EEE & WNV reports from CA, KY, & SD ~ RABIES reports from NY, & OH.

Photo by Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Photo by Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Minnesota 08/26/13 MN Dept of Natural Resources: Officials have confirmed that a 16-year-old boy was injured in an apparent wolf attack early Saturday morning at West Winnie Campground on Lake Winnibigoshish in the Chippewa National Forest. The boy sustained multiple puncture wounds and a laceration to his head before he was able to kick the wolf off and it ran into the woods. The boy was then transported to a hospital in Bemidji where he was treated for his wounds, none of which were determined to be life-threatening.

Chippewa_National_Forest MNStatements from other campers indicated there were other incidents at the U.S. Forest Service campground where an animal bit through tents, one resulting in the puncturing of an air mattress. Another camper indicated that he witnessed a wolf near his campsite with coloration and markings matching the description of the animal involved in the attack on the boy. On early Monday morning, an average-sized male wolf of about 75 pounds, matching the description of the wolf in the attack, was trapped and killed in the campground. The wolf is being taken to the University of Minnesota veterinary diagnostic lab to be tested for rabies. Also, the lab will collect samples for DNA analyses and complete a thorough medical examination to determine the health of the animal. – For complete news release see http://news.dnr.state.mn.us/2013/08/26/teen-sustains-non-life-threatening-injuries-in-an-apparent-wolf-bite/#more-12908

Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD):

cwd1Missouri 08/27/13 MO Dept of Conservation: Public meetings have been scheduled around the state to provide information on deer and CWD, and to get comments about limiting the spread of the disease among captive and free-ranging deer. For more information about CWD as well as the time and place for meetings scheduled see http://mdc.mo.gov/newsroom/mdc-seeking-public-comments-protecting-missouri-deer Comments can also be posted online at http://mdc.mo.gov/hunting-trapping/deer-hunting/deer-diseases/chronic-wasting-disease/protecting-missouris-white-taile

La Crosse Encephalitis:

lacrosseOhio 0827/13 pikecountydaily.com: by Matt Lucas – A Pike County resident has been identified as having contracted La Crosse encephalitis, according to the Pike County General Health District. The resident is continuing recovery at Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, and it is hoped that the individual will make a full recovery. “We continue to remind individuals to use insect repellant (DEET), wear long sleeves and slacks, and to avoid stagnant water,” stated Wally Burden, Pike County health commissioner. “The mosquito that transmits La Crosse virus is usually found in tree holes and man-made containers. “Unlike most mosquitoes, this particular mosquito bites during the day. In addition, we would remind folks that this virus is non-contagious and spread only by mosquitoes.” – For complete article see http://www.pikecountydaily.com/news/article_1dbfcaaa-b2c9-5423-b529-e7a62de921ab.html

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

CA-Sacramento-YoloCalifornia 08/26/13 Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito & Vector Control District: Sacramento County:  2 human cases, 129 dead birds and 304 mosquito samples, 3 horses, 3 sentinel chickens have tested positive for WNV to date. Yolo County: 1 human case, 70 dead birds, 212 mosquito samples, 6 sentinel chickens have tested positive for WNV to date. – See www.FIGHTtheBITE.net

Hart_County_KYKentucky 08/26/13 Hart County: A horse, described as listless, sleep and unable to eat, that died on August 18th about 48 hours after symptoms became noticeable has tested positive for EEE. – See http://blogs.equisearch.com/horsehealth/2013/08/26/kentucky-horse-with-eastern-equine-encephalitis/

SouthDakotaDOHSouth Dakota 08/27/13 SD Dept of Health: Sixty-one human cases of WNV disease have been reported in the following counties:  Brown 13, Brookings 5, Beadle 4, Spink 4, Hughes 3, Buffalo 2, Clark 2, Codington 2, Day 2, Minnehaha 2, and 1 case in each in Brule, Butte, Charles Mix, Corson, Dewey, Edmunds, Faulk, Jones, Lincoln, Lyman, Marshall, McPherson, Meade, Mellette, Miner, Moody, Sanborn, Tripp, Turner, Walworth. – See http://doh.sd.gov/documents/diseases/infectious/WNV-update.pdf

Rabies:

USDA_ImageNew York 08/25/13 U.S. Dept of Agriculture: by Thomas Prohaska – More than 200,000 raccoon baits containing rabies vaccine will be distributed in Niagara and Erie counties, starting Tuesday. James J. Devald, Niagara County environmental health director, said the U.S. Department of Agriculture will be in charge of the effort, beginning with drops of the baits from low-flying planes. Helicopters also will be used in some areas until the annual program ends Sept. 4. Vaccine-laced baits will be spread by hand in Niagara Falls and nearby areas, Devald said. – For complete article with details see http://www.buffalonews.com/city-region/environment/airdrops-of-rabies-vaccine-begin-tuesday-20130825

Oral Rabies Vaccine Bait

Oral Rabies Vaccine Bait

Ohio 08/26/13 Lake County: The health district will begin its annual distribution of oral rabies vaccination bait for raccoons and skunks in northeast Ohio on Tuesday continuing through September 6th. In rural areas the bait will be distributed by plane, and in more populated areas distribution will be marked vehicles or on foot. – See http://www.lcghd.org/documents/rabiesbaiting2013.pdf

Scientists trying to decode WOLF howls ~ More DENGUE FEVER cases in FLORIDA ~ EEE & WNV reports from LA, MD, MA, NE, & VT ~ RABIES reports from IL, ME, NJ, OH, SC, WI, & CANADA: AB.

Photo by U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Photo by U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Global 08/22/13 sciencemag.org: by Virginia Morell – A wolf’s howl is one of the most iconic sounds of nature, yet biologists aren’t sure why the animals do it. They’re not even sure if wolves howl voluntarily or if it’s some sort of reflex, perhaps caused by stress. Now, scientists working with captive North American timber wolves in Austria report that they’ve solved part of the mystery. Almost 50 years ago, wildlife biologists suggested that a wolf’s howls were a way of reestablishing contact with other pack members after the animals became separated, which often happens during hunts. Yet, observers of captive wolves have also noted that the pattern of howls differs depending on the size of the pack and whether the dominant, breeding wolf is present, suggesting that the canids’ calls are not necessarily automatic responses.

Dr. Friederike Range

Dr. Friederike Range

Friederike Range, a cognitive ethologist at the University of Veterinary Medicine in Vienna, was in a unique position to explore the conundrum. Since 2008, she and her colleagues have hand-raised nine wolves at the Wolf Science Center in Ernstbrunn, which she co-directs. “We started taking our wolves for walks when they were 6 weeks old, and as soon as we took one out, the others would start to howl,” she says. “So immediately we became interested in why they howl.” Although the center’s wolves don’t hunt, they do howl differently in different situations, Range says. “So we also wanted to understand these variations in their howling.” The scientists have divided the wolves at the center into two packs. Range and her colleagues first determined each wolf’s position within the dominance hierarchy in its pack and the animals’ logo499gf9e8social relationships. The captive wolves do not have families as wild wolves do, and so they form hierarchies. “They have obvious, preferred partners that they play with, groom, and lie close to when sleeping,” Range says. The scientists then took each wolf out for three 45-minute walks, spread over several weeks. They removed the wolves in random order, so that the animals could not predict which one in their pack was going to leave. The researchers also set up a control situation by placing each of the wolves in an adjoining holding area again on three occasions for 45 minutes each time. The rest of the pack could not see the wolf in this area, but because he or she was nearby in a familiar place, there was no need for the animals to communicate.

WSC-final kleinIn almost all cases, the pack began to howl within the first 20 minutes after a member was led away on a walk, Range says. But the one out for a stroll usually did not return the call. Those left behind howled in 26 of the 27 walking trials, but only two times during the control trials. The scientists kept careful track of which wolves were actually howling. Overall, the animals did most of their yodeling when the pack’s dominant member went for a walk. Individual wolves also howled more when the wolf that was led away was his or her preferred pal—which means that the wolves aren’t simply howling because others are. “It’s not a contagious response,” Range says. “Social relationships are very important to them, and the howling patterns reflect that.” – For audio and complete article see http://news.sciencemag.org/brain-behavior/2013/08/decoding-call-wild

Dengue Fever:

indexh458f5Florida 08/23/13 FL Health Miami-Dade County: Health officials issued a Mosquito-borne Illness Advisory today for the county after the first locally acquired Dengue Fever case this year was confirmed in an 18-year-old male. – See http://www.dadehealth.org/public/PUBLICnewsarticle.asp?newsID=2160&typeID=&news_type=Press+Releases

NewBannerf78f89b78Florida 08/22/13 FL Health Martin County: Officials have announced that a fourth case of locally acquired dengue fever has been confirmed in the Rio neighborhood of Jensen Beach. Last week, three cases were confirmed: two in Martin County and one in St. Lucie County. – See http://www.martincountyhealth.com/Documents/dengue/2013/denguealert82213.pdf

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) & West Nile Virus (WNV):

LA-DHHLouisiana 08/23/13 LA Dept of Public Health: Officials confirmed that are 4 new human cases of WNV were reported this week bringing the total number of human cases in the state to 13 so far this year. The new infections include 2 cases of neuro-invasive disease, both in Ouachita Parish, and 2 asymptomatic cases, 1 each in Ouachita and Vernon parishes.

10258tgt87g84fMaryland 08/23/13 MD Dept of Health: Officials announced today that three human cases of WNV have been confirmed in the Baltimore Metropolitan area. These are the first human cases of WNV reported in the state this year. The virus has also been detected in mosquito pools collected in Montgomery and Worcester counties. – See http://dhmh.maryland.gov/newsroom1/Pages/West-Nile-Virus-Detected-in-Maryland-Residents.aspx

imagesd5d84bMassachusetts 08/22/13 Boston Public Health Commission: Officials announced today that mosquitoes trapped in Fenway, West Roxbury, and Jamaica Plain have tested positive for WNV for the first time this year. Mosquito pools in Hyde Park and Roslindale tested positive for the virus earlier this summer. No human cases of WNV have been reported this year. – See http://www.bphc.org/Newsroom/Pages/TopStoriesView.aspx?ID=320

NEdhhs_blueNebraska 08/21/13 NE Dept of Health: Eleven human cases of WNV have been reported this summer (14 as of Aug 22) including 3 patients who were hospitalized. Seventy-five mosquito pools in 14 counties have also tested positive for the virus including Adams, Chase, Dawes, Dawson, Dixon, Garden, Garfield, Hall, Lincoln, Madison, Phelps, Scotts Bluff, Sheridan and Webster. – A map of human cases is available at http://dhhs.ne.gov/publichealth/Documents/Human.pdf. See http://dhhs.ne.gov/Pages/Newsroom_Newsreleases_2013_Aug_WNV.aspx

VT-DH_logo_vert_356Vermont 08/23/13 VT Dept of Health: Officials announced today that mosquitoes in Sudbury have tested positive for EEE for the first time this year. Mosquitoes in Whiting tested positive for the virus earlier this month. WNV has been found this year in mosquitoes trapped in Leicester, Whiting, Pittsford, Brandon, Shoreham and Fairfax. – See http://healthvermont.gov/news/2013/082313_eee_detected.aspx

Rabies:

grounded%20batIllinois 08/21/13 Kane County: A bat found in the yard of a Batavia resident has tested positive for rabies. – See http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2013-08-21/news/ct-tl-batavia-rabid-bat-0822-20130814_1_rabies-vaccinations-last-human-case-kane-county-animal-control

raccoon_cat_doorMaine 08/23/13 Kennebec County: A raccoon that went into a home on Main Street in Monmouth last Sunday and killed a cat has tested positive for rabies. The raccoon is believed to have entered the home through a pet door. – See http://www.sunjournal.com/news/maine/2013/08/23/rabies-confirmed-raccoon-went-monmouth-home-killed/1412255

Rabies group 2New Jersey 08/22/13 Cumberland County: Four separate incidents were reported last week involving a rabid animal. The first and second involved a raccoon and a bat, respectively, and two dogs belonging to Millville residents. The third was a skunk that fought with a dog in Upper Deerfield. And the fourth was a fox that attacked a Downe Township resident working in the yard. All four of the wild animals tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.nj.com/cumberland/index.ssf/2013/08/rabies_cases_reported_in_millville_upper_deerfield_and_downe_townships.html

schd4985Ohio 08/23/13 Summit County: An oral rabies baiting operation will take place in the communities of Boston Heights, Hudson (north of state Route 303), Macedonia, Northfield Center, Northfield Village, Reminderville, Sagamore Hills, Twinsburg and Twinsburg Township. The operation is scheduled to continue through September 13th in response to raccoons and skunks testing positive for rabies. – See http://www.ohio.com/news/rabies-baiting-operation-to-begin-monday-in-summit-county-1.423352

rabidcatSouth Carolina 08/22/13 Horry County: A cat that bit a Conway area woman has tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.myrtlebeachonline.com/2013/08/22/3661776/cat-exposes-conway-area-woman.html

flying batWisconsin 08/23/13 Rock County: Two rabid bats have been found in the county within the past week. The first was found in the Footville area, and the second in downtown Janesville. Both bats tested positive for rabies. – See http://www.beloitdailynews.com/second-rabid-bat-found-in-rock-county/article_f722c7a6-0c13-11e3-8631-0019bb2963f4.html

Canada:

sidebar_RabiesAlertAlberta 08/24/13 cbc.ca: A 5-month-old puppy in Calgary is the first dog to test positive for rabies for years. The puppy, which came from Nunavut, had to be euthanized. – See http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/story/2013/08/24/cgy-rabies-case-dog.html